Showing 3458 results

People and organizations

McCoy, Sarah

  • Person

Poole, Norman

  • Person

Péret, Benjamin

  • Person
  • 1899-1959

Benjamin Péret (b. July 4, 1899 - d. September 18, 1959) was a French poet, Dadaist, and one of the founders of the French Surrealism movement.

Éluard, Paul

  • Person
  • 1895-1952

Paul Éluard, was born Eugène Émile Paul Grindel on December 14, 1895, in Saint-Denis, France. He was a French poet and one of the founders of the Surrealist movement. Éluard died on November 18, 1952 in Charenton-le-Pont, France.

Zeller, Ludwig

  • Person
  • 1927-2019

Ludwig Zeller was a Chilean poet and visual artist associated with the surrealism movement. He was born in 1927 in Río Loa in the northern Chilean region of Calama. From 1952-1968, he was the curator and director of the Ministry of Education Art Gallery in Chile. In 1971, he moved to Toronto with his family where he continued his career as a surreal collagist and poet. While in Canada, Zeller and his wife, artist Susana Wald, established Oasis Publications, Canada’s only surrealist publishing house. In 1993, Zeller and Wald re-located to Oaxaca where they resided until Zeller's death in 2019.

Riggins, Stephen Harold

  • Person
  • 1946-

Stephen Harold Riggins was born in 1946 in Loogootee, Indiana, to parents Harold and Eithel Riggins. Riggins completed his Bachelor of Arts Degree in Sociology in 1968, and his Masters of Arts in Sociology in 1971, both from Indiana University. He obtained his PhD in Sociology in 1980 from the University of Toronto. His thesis was entitled "Institutional Change in Nineteenth-Century French Music". Dr. Riggins has taught courses at Sociology departments of various universities, including the University of Toronto from 1981 to 1982 and 1989 to 1990, at Laurentian University from 1982 to 1985 and at the University of Alberta in Edmonton from 1986 to 1989. In 1990 he accepted a teaching position at Memorial University in St. John’s, Newfoundland, where he taught as an Associate Professor in the department of Sociology. Dr. Riggins retired from teaching in 2015.

Stephen Riggins is a member of various professional associations, including the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association, Canadian Society for Asian Studies, American Sociological Association, Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction, and the Indiana Historical Society. He has participated as an organizer and participant in various conferences including the Canadian Sociology and Anthropology Association's annual meetings. His teaching interests include mass communication and public opinion, sociology of the arts and popular culture, and sociology of families and deviance. His research interests include ethnicity and mass media, symbolic interactionism, contemporary French cultural policy and democratization of culture.

Dr. Riggins has published numerous articles, as well as books, including Ethnic Minority Media: An International Perspective (1992), The Socialness of Things: Essays on the Socio-semiotics of Objects (1994), The Language and Politics of Exclusion: Others in Discourse (1997), and The Pleasures of Time: Two Men, A Life (2003). He has been with his partner, Paul Bouissac, for over 50 years and presently divides his time between St. John's and Toronto.

Buller, Herman

  • Person
  • 1927-

Author of One Man Alone, Days of Rage and Quebec in Revolt: the Guibord Affair.

Barnett, Deborah

  • Person
  • 1953-

Deborah Barnett (born December 15, 1953) is a Canadian creative director, fine press printer, and graphic designer based in Toronto.

She attended high school at Central Technical School in Toronto and was accepted into the school’s art program, where she took an interest in sculpture and drawing. Shortly after graduating, she became a founding member of Dreadnaught Press, working first as an apprentice, and later as an art director. The fine press printing collective was well-known in the Canadian literary and publishing community, and served as a space for Deborah to hone her print, design, and typography skills.

After Dreadnaught Press disbanded in the mid 1980s, she started her own commercial design studio under the name Dreadnaught Design. During this time, she also lectured at the Banff Publishing Workshop in Alberta, teaching design, art direction, and colour theory. In the early 2000s, she worked as a creative director in the corporate sector. In 2001, she closed Dreadnaught Design to open She returned to fine press printing in 2010. In 2015, she launched Someone Editions, a specialty letterpress imprint in the spirit of Dreadnaught Press, alongside editor and poet Beatriz Hausner.

In 2018, Deborah became the Master Printer at Kelly Library at St. Michael’s College. In this role, she taught printing and typesetting workshops, and led production of a series of limited edition chapbooks for the Kelly Library Print Studio. In 2021, she earned a Master of Fine Arts (MFA) in Interdisciplinary Art, Media, and Design (IAMD) from OCAD University.

Kontos, Alkis

  • Person
  • 1937-

Snider, Bob

  • Person
  • 1946-

Sandman, John

  • Person

Dyke, Doris Jean

  • Person
  • 1930-2021

Doris Jean Dyke, born Doris Jean Scott, near Toronto, was a prominent member of the Emmanuel College faculty, and a noted academic figure in the areas of feminist theology and education. Her first career was as a teacher in Ontario. In 1959, she graduated with a B.A. from Queen’s University, and later received a B.Ed. (1961) and M.Ed. (1963) from University of Toronto, as well as a M.A. (1962) and Ed.D. (1967) from Columbia University and Union Theological Seminary, New York.

Her academic career began at University of Saskatchewan in 1964 and was followed by appointments at various institutions in Western Canada, University of Louisville in Kentucky, and Dalhousie University in Halifax, where she was Professor and Dean of Education, 1973–1977. Ms. Dyke’s tenure at Emmanuel College began in 1977, where she was a Professor until her retirement in 1995, also serving as Director of Master of Religious Education (M.R.E.), 1977–1990.

As Professor Emeritus she went on to teach courses in gerontology and ministry at Emmanuel College, and at Vancouver School of Theology, UBC. Throughout her career, she contributed articles and reviews for academic publications, authored the book “Crucified Woman,” lectured widely, and served many organizations and committees, including acting as President of Canadian Theological Society, 1994–1995.

Dr. Dyke passed away October 8, 2021 in Toronto.

Chambers, John Kenneth (Jack)

  • Person
  • 1938-

John Kenneth (Jack) Chambers was born in Grimsby, Ontario July 12, 1938. He received his undergraduate university education at the University of Windsor (B.A. Honours English, 1961) and his M.A. in English from Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario in 1962. After just one term at the University of Minnesota, where he took his first linguistics course while enrolled in their Ph.D. programme in English, he returned to Canada. Following graduation he received a Diploma in Education and taught at high schools in London and East Elgin, Ontario. In 1967 he entered the Ph.D. programme in General Linguistics at the University of Alberta where he completed a thesis on “Focused Noun Phrases in English Syntax” in 1970. In July 1970 he accepted an appointment as Assistant Professor of Linguistics in the Centre for Linguistic Studies at the University of Toronto. He chose U. of T. over offers from Carleton University and the University of Minnesota. The Centre for Linguistic Studies had a graduate programme and he, along with Ed Burstynsky, were the only other Canadian-born linguists on staff. The Centre, which had been established in 1966, became the Department of Linguistic Studies in 1974. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1976, and to full Professor July 1, 1982. In 2005 he was appointed Professor Emeritus and in 2012 was recognized for 40 years of service.

At the University of Toronto Prof. Chambers has been actively involved in administrative, academic and research activities. He has participated in many departmental committees dealing with curriculum, admissions, promotions and tenure, as well as chair of the Visiting Lectures committee and 30th anniversary celebrations with Keren Rice. From 1986 to 1999 he was Chair of the Department, and acting Chair for six months in 2006. At the University level he was member of many search committees for departments and divisions at Scarborough and Mississauga campuses.

Prof. Chambers was the Centre’s first syntax professor and a proponent of generative semantics. The model fell out of favour in the discipline with the theoretical shift toward Noam Chomsky’s EST model. Since he was not interested in Chomsky’s model, Prof. Chambers began nurturing an interest in sociolinguistics and dialectology. It was during this time that he taught the ‘first-ever course’ in Canadian English. He has (and continues) to teach courses in linguistics and related disciplines such as sociology, anthropology and Canadian English. From 1999 to 2001 he taught the course Jazz Century (HUM199Y). A popular teacher, he received the Faculty of Arts and Science Outstanding Teacher Award in 1999. He also held many appointments as Visiting Professor at universities in England, Europe, South Africa, Hong Kong, New Zealand and the United States between 1990 and 2007. In 2008 he was visiting professor at University of Cape Town, South Africa and in 2011 Lansdowne Fellow in Linguistics at the University of Victoria. In 2012 he was named/served as CRiLLS Distinguished Professor at Newcastle University in the U.K.

Since the mid 1960s, Prof. Chambers has published extensively in the field of linguistics, with more than 200 articles and reviews, as well as 9 books either as editor, co-author or sole author. He has also been editor (and interim editor) of The Canadian Journal of Linguistics/La Revue canadienne de linguistique (volumes 19, 24 to 28). A major research project since 1990 has been the Dialect Topography project since “Canada was one of the few nations in the world without a databank or linguistic survey of accents and dialects.” In 2008, he was honoured for his contributions to the discipline through the publication of All the Things You Are: A Festschrift in honour of Jack Chambers (Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics 27). In 2010, he was awarded the first National Achievement Award by the Canadian Linguistic Association for his outstanding contributions to the field of linguistics in general and to Canadian linguistics in particular. In the same year he was named a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

During his career with the University of Toronto, Prof. Chambers has also actively pursued his other ‘avocation’, jazz. His jazz writing predates his work in linguistics, having published his first article in 1963. This has been manifested in the course mentioned above, and in numerous published articles and several books on prominent figures in the history of jazz such as Miles Davis, and Richard Twardzik. He also is a frequent contributor to Coda magazine. When asked in 2005 about the connection between language and music he stated

Both have syntax and phonology, and if I am good at talking about them it is because I can use the same analytic skills on both. Linguistic structure is, of course, hard-wired and irrepressibly human. Musical structure is not hard-wired but learned, and learned with great effort for the greatest practitioners. But it is also uniquely human, and I suspect that it takes its form by spinning off our language faculty, like a kind of satellite. And jazz is especially language-like, because musicians use the syntax and phonology to construct motifs (phrases and sentences) and melodies (discourses) that no one has ever heard before, and they do it spontaneously, just as speakers do in ordinary conversation, except that at its very best it is more like a poem than like ordinary conversation. And how they do it, no one knows. Every three-year-old can do that with language. But only the most gifted musicians can do it in music.

Another specialized area for Prof. Chambers that has evolved from his academic work in linguistics has been forensic linguistics and consulting, an activity dating to the early 1970s. One of the earliest cases involved his role as expert witness on the language of pornography at obscenity trials in 1973. Since then he has testified and/or consulted on dozens of criminal and civil court cases. In addition he has prepared numerous affidavits relating to cases under the Trade Marks Act for companies such as Coca Cola.

Prof. Chambers continues to live and work in Toronto.

Howarth, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1914-2000

Thomas Howarth, professor, architectural historian, collector (born in England 1914, died at Toronto 21 July 2000). Howarth reawakened interest in the great Scottish architect, Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928), through articles, a comprehensive monograph, exhibitions, and lifelong advocacy and collecting. A prescient collector of Mackintosh's work, Howarth amassed a huge and varied collection.

Howarth studied architecture at the University of Manchester in the UK and earned a doctorate from Scotland's University of Glasgow. Mackintosh was the subject of his PhD work. Although Mackintosh's premier work, the still-extant Glasgow School of Art (1896-1909), has been described as "the only art school in the world where the building is worthy of the subject," Mackintosh's best works were completed before 1910 and by his death in 1928 his reputation had markedly declined. Howarth, a born collector, began to amass what would eventually become the world's largest private collection of the architect's work. He published articles on Mackintosh during the 1940s and in 1952 a monograph on the architect: "Charles Rennie Mackintosh and the Modern Movement", with a second edition in 1977.

In 1958 Howarth immigrated to Canada and taught at the University of Toronto's school of architecture until 1974, when he retired as dean of the faculty of architecture. As well as continuing to pursue his lifelong interest in Mackintosh, Howarth published articles and gave lectures on urban design, architectural education, and Renaissance, Modern, and Canadian architecture. He served as a campus planner for Laurentian University and Glendon College, both in Ontario. Howarth also collected the work of other modern architects and designers, notably Frank Lloyd Wright and Charles Eames.

A posthumous donation endowed the Howarth-Wright Scholarship at the University of Toronto, which enables students to study at Taliesen West, Frank Lloyd Wright's western studio.

Jones, L.E.

  • Person
  • 1910-1999

L.E. "Ted" Jones was born in Montreal in 1910. After the First World War, his family settled in Transcona, a suburb of Winnipeg. He completed a B.Sc. in 1931 at the University of Manitoba and graduated as a gold medallist in civil engineering. The following year he moved to Toronto to undertake graduate work in open channel hydraulics at the University of Toronto. After completing his MASc and PhD degrees, he joined the department of applied physics and subsequently the department of mechanical engineering in 1944.

Professor Jones was associated with the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering for approximately seventy years. Over his career, he instructed students in fluid mechanics and hydraulic engineering, metrology and numerical analysis. His research was primarily focused on open channel hydraulics – the science of water flow in channels like rivers and canals. Jones also undertook consulting work in the area of hydraulics. In addition to his research and teaching activities, he also served as an unofficial ombudsman to students and was famous for his lectures on the use of the slide rule as well as his annual address on dress and deportment, which was delivered before the graduation ball.

Professor Jones retired from the University in 1972. He was appointed Professor Emeritus in 1975. Prior to his retirement, and as a consequence of his deep interest in the Faculty’s history, he was appointed Engineering Archivist by Professor James Ham, then Dean, a role he continued to hold until his death.

Professor Jones was a man of many interests. Starting from his early years at the University until after his retirement, he sang with the Hart House Glee Club. It was through his singing, while working on a University production of a Gilbert and Sullivan opera that he met his wife Dorothy, whom he married in 1938. He also was actively involved in his church, St. George’s on-the-Hill in Etobicoke, wrote poetry, was a calligrapher who hand-lettered citations and awards bestowed by the University and an avid photographer who recorded notable events. L.E. Jones maintained his connection to the University and pursued many of these activities until his death in 1999.

Wolfe, David A.

  • Person

David A. Wolfe is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto Mississauga and Co-Director of the Innovation Policy Lab at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the University of Toronto. His research interests include the political economy of technological change and the role of local and regional economic development, with special reference to Canada and Ontario.

He holds a B.A. and an M.A. in Political Science from Carleton University and a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. He served as Executive Coordinator for Economic and Labour Policy in the Cabinet Office of the Government of Ontario from October 1990 to August 1993. Upon his return to the University of Toronto from 1993 until 1997, he was a research associate in the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research’s Program on Law and the Determinants of Social Ordering.

Professor Wolfe was the Royal Bank Chair in Public and Economic Policy from 2009 to 2014. Since 2014, he is the lead investigator on the Creating Digital Opportunity Partnership (CDO) the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)-funded project to study how Canada can best respond to the challenges posed by a rapidly changing digital landscape, while benefiting from emerging opportunities to promote our economic prosperity. From 1999 to 2011 he was national coordinator of the Innovation Systems Research Network (ISRN), funded by SSHRC and was principal investigator on two Major Collaborative Research Initiatives, the first on Innovation Systems and Economic Development: The Role of Local and Regional Clusters in Canada, followed by a six year study on the Social Dynamics of Economic Performance: Innovation and Creativity in City Regions which ended in 2011.

He is the editor or co-editor of ten books and numerous scholarly articles, focusing mostly on regional and national politics.

He has acted as an advisor to the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada, the Ontario Premier’s Council, the E-Business Opportunities Roundtable and the Electronic Commerce Task Force of Industry Canada, the National Research Council, the LEED Program of the OECD, the Ontario Panel on the Role of Government, the Ontario Research and Innovation Council, DG Region of the European Commission, and the Toronto Region Research Alliance. He was the CIBC Scholar-in-Residence for the Conference Board of Canada in 2008-2009 and published a book for the Conference Board, entitled 21st Century Cities in Canada: The Geography of Innovation.

Frye, Helen Kemp

  • Person
  • 1910-1986

Helen Kemp Frye was an educator, editor and artist. She was born in Toronto, Ontario, the daughter of Stanley and Gertrude Kemp. In 1937 she married Northrop Frye. She died in Australia while accompanying her husband on a lecture tour.

Helen Kemp Frye was educated at Riverdale Collegiate, Toronto and studied piano and musical theory at the Hambourg Conservatory of Music, Toronto. In 1929 she enrolled in the Pass Course at Victoria College, Toronto, where she received her Bachelor of Arts degree in 1933. Upon graduating she was offered a position in the education department at the Art Gallery of Toronto by Arthur Lismer, who was a personal friend of her father, a commercial artist. She spent one year at the National Gallery in Ottawa and a year studying at the Courtauld Institute of Art in London, England. Upon her return to Toronto she continued to work at the Gallery, conducting study groups, sending out loan exhibitions, and organizing lectures and concerts. In the late Thirties she worked as a contributing editor and then as art editor for Canadian Forum. From 1943 until 1946 the Toronto Star Weekly employed her as a reprint editor. She devoted much of her spare time to committee work at Victoria College and later, when Northrop Frye became College Principal, took charge of various women’s organizations at the College.

Moritz, Albert Frank

  • Person
  • 1947-

Albert Frank (A.F.) Moritz is a poet who has published numerous acclaimed collections and contributed to many anthologies and periodicals. He was born in Niles, Ohio in 1947. His father was a teacher and later a professor of biology and science education; his mother was a grade school teacher. In 1969 he received a B.A. in Journalism from Marquette University, and he later earned an M.A. and Ph.D (English) from that institution. He came to Canada in 1974 with his wife Theresa (Carrothers) and son Blaise (born 1971). Since arriving in Toronto Moritz has worked in a number of occupations, including advertising copywriter and executive, editor and publisher (Watershed Books), and has held various university teaching positions. Through the years he has won distinguished awards for his poetry, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1990, Selection to the Princeton Series of Contemporary Poets in 1984, and the Griffin Poetry Prize for his work Sentinel in 2009. In 2019 he was selected to be Toronto's sixth Poet Laureate.

Colgrass, Michael

  • Person
  • 1932-2019

Michael Colgrass was a composer and percussionist, born April 22, 1932 in Brookfield, Illinois, died July 2, 2019 in Toronto, Ontario. He began his musical career in Chicago as a jazz drummer (1944-1949) and graduated from the University of Illinois in 1954 with a Bachelor of Music degree in performance and composition. His teachers included Darius Milhaud at the Aspen Festival and Lukas Foss at Tanglewood.

After graduation, he was a timpanist with the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra in Stuttgart, Germany, and then a free-lance percussionist in New York City (1956-1966), performing with the New York Philharmonic, American Ballet Theater, Dizzy Gillespie, the Modern Jazz Quartet, the original West Side Story orchestra on Broadway, the Columbia Recording Orchestra’s Stravinsky Conducts Stravinsky series, and numerous ballet, opera and jazz ensembles. While in New York, he continued to study percussion with Wallingford Riegger (1958) and Ben Weber (1958-60).

He began to compose full-time in 1967 and moved to Toronto in 1974.

Colgrass received many commissions throughout his career from the New York Philharmonic, the Boston Symphony, the orchestras of Minnesota, Detroit, San Francisco, St. Louis, Pittsburgh, Washington, Toronto, the National Arts Centre Orchestra, The Canadian Broadcast Corporation, The Lincoln Center Chamber Music Society, the Manhattan and Muir String Quartets, The Brighton Festival in England, The Fromm and Ford Foundations, The Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and numerous other orchestras, chamber groups, choral groups and soloists.

In 1978, he won the Pulitzer Prize for Music for Déjà vu, which was commissioned and premiered by the New York Philharmonic. He received an Emmy Award in 1982 for a PBS documentary “Soundings: The Music of Michael Colgrass.” He has been awarded two Guggenheim Fellowships, A Rockefeller Grant, First Prize in the Barlow and Sudler International Wind Ensemble Competitions, and the 1988 Jules Leger Prize for Chamber Music.

As an author, Colgrass wrote My Lessons With Kumi, a narrative/exercise book, outlining his techniques for performance and creativity, and MICHAEL COLGRASS: Adventures of an American Composer (2010).

Arlidge, Joseph Churchill

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1849-1913

J. (Joseph) Churchill Arlidge, flutist, organist, teacher, and composer, was born in Stratford-on-Avon, England on March 17, 1849, and died in Toronto, Ontario on January 22, 1913. Arlidge studied flute with Benjamin Wells and Antonio Minasi, and made his debut in 1860 at the Crystal Palace in a concert given by Sir Julius Benedict. He continued to perform in London and studied with Robert Sidney Pratten (flute) and James Coward (piano and organ), before leaving London for Belgium in 1864 where he studied for two years with Jacques-Nicholas Lemmens (piano and organ). In 1874, he visited America and appeared as a solo flutist in Gilmore's 22nd New York Regiment Band. In late 1874 he moved to Toronto, where he married Olivia Mary Arlidge.

In Toronto, Arlidge performed as a solo flutist with F.H. Torrington, was the first organist and choirmaster at Toronto's Carlton Street Methodist Church, and taught. In late 1875, he returned to England for a teaching position, but permanently settled with his family in the Toronto area in 1885, participating in the First Toronto Musical Festival held the following year. He served as organist and choirmaster at the Carlton Street Methodist Church, as well as Christ Church Deer Park, Bonar Presbyterian, and St. John the Evangelist. He also continued to appear as a flutist with the Toronto Philharmonic Society, and provided accompaniment for singers, including Emma Caldwell, Lilli Lehmann and Emma Albani. In the late 1880s, he established the Toronto Flute Quartet with his students N. Lubraico, D. Glionna and Herbert Lye. Other students included Arthur Semple, Harold Wallace, and Oliver Foote.

Arlidge also taught music at the Toronto College of Music and the Toronto Conservatory of Music, and in 1902, established his own school the Toronto Academy of Music, following controversy with Torrington and Edward Fisher regarding the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music (1899). Arlidge was also a composer, although most of his compositions remain unpublished.

In the Toronto community, Arlidge was also involved with the YMCA, the Independent Order of Foresters (IOF), was a member of the St. Andrews Masonic Lodge and the Saint George's Society. He was also a member of the newly-formed Canadian Guild of Organists.

Black, Davidson [William]

  • Person
  • 1884-1934

Davidson Black (25 July 1884-15 March 1934) was a Canadian palaeoanthropologist, best known for his naming of Sinanthropus pekinensis (now Homo erectus pekinensis). He was a Fellow of The Royal Society.

J. Blair Seaborn

  • F2638
  • Person
  • 1924-2019

James Blair Seaborn, diplomat and civil servant, was born in Toronto on March 18, 1924, the son of Richard Seaborn, an Anglican priest, and his wife Muriel. He was educated at the Toronto Normal School, the University of Toronto Schools, and in 1941 he entered Trinity College. In 1943 he enlisted in the army, training with the Royal Canadian Artillery. He served briefly in England and Holland, returning home in 1946. He received his BA in 1947, and an MA in political economy in 1948. While at Trinity College he met Carol Trow (4T8); they married in 1950 and had two children, Geoffrey (Trinity 7T3) and Virginia (Trinity 7T6).

Seaborn joined the Department of External Affairs in 1948, working for e newly appointed Secretary of State for External Affairs, Lester B. Pearson, taking on positions at home and abroad. From 1950 to 1954 he was Second Secretary in The Hague, followed by a promotion to First Secretary in Paris from 1957 to 1959. These positions were followed by a stint in Moscow as Counsellor (1959-1962), and Head, Eastern European Section from 1962-64, and 1966-67, back in Ottawa. Between these last two postings Seaborn served as Canadian Commissioner, International Commission for Supervision and Control, in Saigon. In 1964 and 1965 he was sent on six missions to Hanoi. From 1967 to 1970, back in Ottawa, Seaborn was Head of the Far Eastern Division.

Leaving External Affairs he moved to the Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, serving as Assistant Deputy Minister, Consumer Affairs, from 1970 to 1974. He then moved to the Department of the Environment, as Deputy Minister from 1974 to 1982. He was Canadian Chairman of the International Joint Commission from 1982 to 1985, and Intelligence and Security Co-ordinator in the Privy Council Office from 1985 to 1989. In 1989 he retired from the Public Service of Canada.

Post-retirement, Seaborn joined the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency as Chairman, Environmental Assessment Panel on Nuclear Fuel Waste Management and Disposal Concept. He was actively involved in the Five Lakes Fishing Club in the Gatineau area, and participated in yearly hikes along the Appalachian Trail in New England. He became a resource for countless researchers on the Vietnam War, and on environmental issues, contributing to many articles, interviews, conferences, and broadcasts. In 2000 he became a Member of the Order of Canada. His wife, Carol, predeceased him on June 27, 2011; Blair Seaborn died on November 11, 2019, in Ottawa.

Zuckerkandl, Victor

  • Person
  • 1896-1965

Victor Zuckerkandl (1896-1965) was an Austrian musicologist and educator, whose writings touched on music psychology, anthropology, literature, and politics. Born on July 2, 1896, to a family of Viennese-Jewish intellectuals, Zuckerkandl’s early life brought him into contact with many prominent artists of the day, in large part through his aunt Bertha Zuckerkandl’s well-known salon. Zuckerkandl studied with the music theorist Heinrich Schenker in 1914–15, which, along with the interdisciplinary approach fostered by his connection to the fin-de-siècle artistic scene, would form a lasting influence on his musical thought. After music and art history studies at the University of Vienna and frontline service during World War I, Zuckerkandl worked as a conductor in various provincial opera houses and for the Vienna Philharmonic Chorus (1926–1929). In 1927, he received a PhD in musicology from the University of Vienna with a dissertation on Mozart’s techniques of instrumentation, and art history and philosophy as secondary subjects. Having become disillusioned with his career prospects as a conductor, Zuckerkandl worked as a music critic and editor in Berlin from 1927 to 1933. In 1933, he received his first teaching position as a professor of music theory at the Vienna Music Academy, where he taught until 1938. Due to the annexation of Austria, Zuckerkandl left Vienna for Stockholm, eventually emigrating to the USA in 1939.

Zuckerkandl continued to teach once he arrived in America, first at Wellesley College in Massachusetts (1940–42), then at the New School of Social Research in New York (1946–48). His longest and final teaching position was at St. John’s College in Annapolis, Maryland, where he taught music for non-specialists as part of its Great Books program from 1948 to 1964. There, Zuckerkandl joined an interdisciplinary intellectual environment which supported his own interests and modes of thought. Supported by grants from the American Philosophical Society and the Bollingen foundation, Zuckerkandl began to study “the nature, structure and significance of the tonal language” which became the majority of his life’s work. This period resulted in the production of his three major works: Sound and Symbol, volume 1: Music and the External world; The Sense of Music (1959), which was developed as a textbook for his course at St. John’s College; and Sound and Symbol, volume 2: Man the Musician (1973), published posthumously.

In 1960, Zuckerkandl gave a lecture for the first time at the Eranos Conference in Ascona, Switzerland. At Eranos, Zuckerkandl found a circle of like-minded colleagues, with the conference’s themes complementing his own view of music as a connection to the spiritual and esoteric dimensions of human experience. Zuckerkandl continued to attend and deliver lectures at the conference until his death, presenting five lectures from 1960 to 1964, with a sixth planned for 1965. After his retirement in 1964, Zuckerkandl moved to Ascona, where he passed away on April 25, 1965.

Rosenbaum, Stanford Patrick

  • Person
  • 1929-2012

Stanford Patrick Rosenbaum was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1929. He was educated at the University of Colorado (B.A. with Honours in English and General Studies, 1951), Rutgers University (M.A. 1955), and Cornell University (Ph.D., 1960), and received a Fulbright Scholarship, Pembroke College, Oxford, 1956–1957. He began his professional career as an instructor at Cornell University, and after holding positions at Indiana University, 1960–1965, joined the University of Toronto faculty as an Associate Professor and Associate Chair in 1965, becoming a Professor in 1967, and Professor Emeritus in 1991. During his teaching years he received numerous fellowships and grants, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1968. His main area of academic interest was the Bloomsbury Group; he contributed to various books related to this subject, as well as authoring numerous articles for journals. S.P. Rosenbaum reviewed books for the Globe and Mail for many years, and in 1991 was named a Fellow in the Royal Society of Canada. He died in Dartmouth, N.S. in 2012.

Burpee, Lawrence Johnstone

  • Person
  • 1873-1946

Lawrence Johnstone Burpee was a historian, a civil servant, a librarian and a writer. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Lewis Johnston Burpee and Alice de Mill. In 1899 he married Maud Hanington. They had three sons and two daughters, Lawrence Hanington, Mrs. John Lowe, Margaret, Edward and Arthur. He died in Oxford, England.

Burpee was educated partly at home and at public and private schools. In 1890 he entered the Canadian federal Civil Service to serve as private secretary to three successive Ministers of Justice. From 1905 to 1912 he was Librarian of the Carnegie Public Library in Ottawa. From 1912 until his death, he was Canadian Secretary of the International Joint Commission.

Burpee was one of the founding members of the Canadian Historical Association; National President of the Canadian Authors’ Association; editor of the Canadian Geographical Journal; founding member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Writers’ Foundation; Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1911), Honorary Secretary (1926-1935), and President (1936-1937). He received the Medaille de Vermeil award from the Académie Française for work in Canadian history and the Tyrrell Gold Medal from the Royal Society of Canada.

Burpee published extensively in the areas of Canadian bibliography, geography and history. His publications include: A Bibliography of Canadian Fiction (1904, co-editor: L.E. Horning), Canadian Life in Town and Country (1905, co-author: H.J. Morgan), A Little Book of Canadian Essays (1909), A Century of Canadian Sonnets (1910), An Index and Dictionary of Canadian History (1911, co-editor: Arthur G. Doughty), Humour of the North (1912), Sandford Fleming, Empire Builder (1915), An Historical Atlas of Canada (1927, editor), Journals of LaVerendrye (1927, editor).

Nigosian, Solomon Alexander

  • Person
  • 1932-2020

Solomon Alexander Nigosian (Nigoghossian) (1932-2020) was born in 1932, in Alexandria, Egypt, to Abraham and Alice (née Kutchukian). He married Henaz Madzounian in 1952, and together they immigrated to Montreal, Canada in 1955 before settling in Toronto in 1956. The Nigosians had two children, Leo (Levon) and Diana, both born in Toronto. He passed away in Toronto in April 2020.

In 1949, Solomon Nigosian received a certificate from the Oxford and Cambridge school in Victoria College in Alexandria, Egypt. He received a B.A. from University of Toronto (1968), a M.A. from McMaster University (1970) after completing his thesis entitled “Indo-Aryan Religions in Achaemenid Persia”. He also received his Ph.D. degree in 1975 from McMaster University, submitting a thesis entitled “The Song of Moses (Deut. 32:1–43)”. In addition, he held two certificates related to mechanical draughtsmanship and graphic arts, as well as a Sunday School Teacher’s Certificate.

Before immigrating to Canada, Solomon Nigosian worked in various clerk and draughtsman positions in Alexandria. After moving to Canada, he worked for a number of printing companies in Montreal and Toronto. In 1972 he accepted an assistant professorship at the Department of Religious Studies, University of Toronto, where he taught courses in his fields of expertise of world religions, Near Eastern religions, and the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. He was also a visiting lecturer at a number of Canadian universities, such as York University and Wilfrid Laurier University. He was a Research Associate at Victoria College, University of Toronto, and he taught Continuing Education courses at St. Michael’s College, University of Toronto.

Solomon Nigosian was the founder and the first minister of the Armenian Evangelical Church of Toronto (1960–1968). He was ordained to Christian Ministry by the Armenian Evangelical Union Inc. in 1963, and attended Toronto Bible College (1963–64). He was a founder of the Canada–Armenian Press journal, for which he served as an editor from 1963 to 1968, and has written a number of articles for several Armenian religious publications. He was also actively involved in the Armenian Evangelical union (1964–1971).

Solomon Nigosian was a recipient of a number of awards, among them the Excellence in Teaching Award from the School of Continuing Studies, University of Toronto. He was also a member of a number of professional organizations, such as the International Association for the History of Religion (IAHR) and Canadian Society for the Study of Religion (CSSR). He wrote over a hundred articles and books, and gave lectures on the history of religions and Armenian culture and history. His most recent publications include Islam: Its History, Teaching, and Practices (2004), World Religions: A Historical Approach (2000), and “Images of Moses: a comparative inquiry” (Theological Review, 2002).

Solomon Nigosian travelled extensively for research purposes, visiting the Middle East, India, China, Japan, former USSR, and England. He spoke several languages including Hebrew, Aramaic, Syriac, New Testament Greek, Arabic, Turkish, Armenian, and French.

Linden, Allen

  • Person
  • 1934-2017

Atwood, Margaret

  • Person
  • 1939-

Margaret Eleanor "Peggy" Atwood is a novelist, poet, literary critic, essayist, teacher, environmental activist, and a pioneer of Canadian women's writing. She was born November 18, 1939 in Ottawa and grew up in northern Ontario, Quebec, and Toronto.

She earned a B.A. in English from Victoria College, University of Toronto, and an M.A. from Harvard. Atwood has had a distinguished career in teaching including positions at the University of British Columbia (1964-1965), Sir George Williams University (Concordia University) (1967-1968), York University (1971-1972) and New York University (1986). Her first book of poetry, Double Persephone, was published in 1961, followed by The Circle Games (1966), which won the Governor General’s Award in Poetry. She published her first novel, The Edible Woman in 1969, and subsequently wrote Procedures for Underground (1970) and The Journals of Susanna Moodie (1970). Her most well-known novels include: The Handmaid’s Tale (1985), The Robber Bride (1994), Alias Grace (1996), the Blind Assassin (2000), which was the Booker Prize, and Orynx and Crake (2003). Her complete and up-to date bibliography can be accessed here: Her work has been translated into many languages and published in more than twenty-five countries.

Among her numerous honors and awards are the Governor General’s Award, the Booker Prize, the Arthur C. Clarke Award, a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Molson Award, the Ida Nudel Humanitarian Award, and a Canada Short Fiction Award. She was named a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1981 and inducted into Canada’s Walk of Fame in 2001. She has served as a Writer-In-Residence at the University of Toronto (1972-1973), Mcquarrie University (1987) and Trinity University (1989). She has previously worked as an editor at Anansi Press (1971-1973), is a founder of the Writers’ Trust of Canada and was President of PEN Canada (1984-1986). She lives in Toronto.

Clarkson, Stephen

  • Person
  • 1937-2016

Stephen H. E. Clarkson (21 October 1937 – 28 February 2016) was a prominent Canadian political scientist, scholar, and a University of Toronto professor of political economy. A liberal-left Canadian nationalist, he did much research and writing on developing and protecting the Canadian economy and identity.


Born in London, England, Clarkson grew up on a farm outside of Toronto, Canada. He attended school at Upper Canada College and became a Rhodes Scholar in 1958. In 1959, he received a B.A. from the University of Toronto for a degree in Modern History and Modern Languages (French and Russian), and an M.A. from the University of Oxford for a degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics in 1961. In 1964, he was awarded his Doctorat de Recherches from the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Sorbonne, Université de Paris for his dissertation L'analyse soviétique des problèmes indiens du sous-développement (1955-1964). In addition to French and English, Clarkson was also proficient in Spanish, Italian, Russian and German.

University of Toronto

Clarkson became a lecturer in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto in 1964, assistant professor in 1965, associate professor in 1968, and a professor in 1980. He was both awarded tenure and appointed to the Graduate School in 1968. Much of his research, writings and courses focused on an analysis of the Liberal Party, Canadian economic and cultural development, and continental and international trade. He also concentrated on the evolution of North America as a continental state, and the impact of globalization on Canada, specifically in regard to NAFTA and the WTO.

Clarkson was known for his dedicated and inspiring teaching, taking his students on international study trips to learn firsthand about other political systems. It was on such a research trip to Portugal with his students where he passed away after catching pneumonia. He also provided opportunities for his students to co-author papers with him and have them published in academic journals. In 2004, he was awarded the Outstanding Teaching Award from the Faculty of Arts and Science.

Other Academic Appointments

Clarkson has held various fellows and invited scholar positions at institutions worldwide. Early in his career he was a Senior Fellow at Columbia University Research Institute on Communist Affairs (1967-68). In 1995-1996 he was the Jean Monnet Fellow, European University Institute, Florence and did two separated stints at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (2000-2003). In 2006 he became a Senior Fellow, Centre for International Governance Innovation.


Clarkson was married to Adrienne Clarkson (née Poy), (broadcast journalist and former Governor General of Canada) from 1963 to 1975. When the marriage ended, Stephen Clarkson retained custody of their two children Kyra and Blaise. In 1978, he married journalist and writer Christina McCall who would also become his partner in research and writing, co-authoring the two-volume award winning biography on Pierre Trudeau, Trudeau and Our Times. McCall had one daughter from her former marriage with Peter C. Newman, Ashley McCall whom Clarkson adopted. Christina McCall passed away in 2005. In 2014 he married Nora Born, a musicologist he met while studying at the Goethe Institute in Freiburg, Germany. The couple traveled extensively during their years together and split their time between Toronto and Germany until Clarkson’s death in 2016.

Political life

Common to many Canadian university faculty in the late 1960s and into the 1970s, Clarkson was active in formal politics, a role he felt enhanced his academic work. This was the time of student protests, sit-ins and teach-ins on campuses throughout North America. Clarkson was a member of the Sunday Circle, a group of intellectuals and activists whose discussions led to the founding of the City of Toronto Liberal Association in 1968 as well as a broader regional organization, the Toronto and District Liberal Association. In 1969, Clarkson was the mayoral candidate for the City Liberals. While he lost the election to William Dennison, for the next decade he was continually involved in politics at the municipal, provincial and federal level, mainly in his capacity to research and formulate policy at all levels. He was Chair of the Policy and Research committee for the Liberal Party of Ontario and in this capacity was active in leadership races, policy conventions and in both the 1971 and 1975 provincial elections in which Liberal Leader Bob Nixon lost to Conservative William Davis. For the 1975 election in particular, Clarkson was formally part of the Nixon Campaign as a member of the Policy and Platform Committee. The Policy Research Group under Clarkson’s direction was tasked with providing content used for major speeches and candidates’ material; they also answered research requests from candidate campaign offices.

Activism and professional groups

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, Clarkson’s volunteer and activism extended beyond the formal political party structure. As a left leaning political scientist, he gravitated to participatory and nationalist organizations. He was an active member and played leadership roles in such groups as the Committee for an Independent Canada, Praxis Research Institute for Social Change, and the academic centric University League for Social Reform. From 1965-1979 he was on the Editorial Board for The Canadian Forum and held board positions on the Ontario Welfare Council (Director, 1968-69) and the Social Planning Council of Metro Toronto (Director, 1969-72). As a member of the Canadian Political Science Association he held various positions include Secretary-Treasurer (1966-67), Programme Chairman (1969-70) and as representative on Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council, Publications Committee.

Research and publications

A prolific writer and researcher, Clarkson’s publications, among numerous academic papers, addresses, and news articles, include Dependent America? How Canada and Mexico Construct US Power (2011) with Matto Mildenberger; A Perilous Imbalance: The Globalization of Canadian Law and Governance (2010) with Stepan Wood; Does North America Exist? Governing the Continent after NAFTA and 9/11 (2008); The Big Red Machine: How the Liberal Party Dominates Canadian Politics (2005); Trudeau and Our Times Vol. 1: The Magnificent Obsession (1990) and Vol. 2: The Heroic Delusion (1994) with Christina McCall; The Canadian-American Relationship: Uncle Sam and Us: Globalization, Neoconservatism, and the Canadian State (2002) and Canada and the Reagan Challenge (1982). He was also commissioned to write a history of Canada’s federal election campaigns starting in 1974. These election histories formed the basis of his book The Big Red Machine (2005).

Honors and awards

Stephen Clarkson was awarded numerous research grants and awards throughout his long and active career in academia and political writing. In 1990, volume one of Trudeau and Our Times, co-written with his second wife, Canadian political writer, Christina McCall, won the Governor General Award for Non-Fiction. He was the recipient of a Killam Senior Research Fellowship (1999-2001), a Canada-US Fulbright Scholarship (1999-2000), and was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2004. He was appointed to the Order of Canada in 2010. In 2013 he was the recipient of the Konrad Adenauer Research Award conferred by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, in recognition of his academic work promoting collaboration between Canada and Germany.

Lampman, Archibald, 1861-1899

  • Person
  • 1861-11-17/1899-02-10

Archibald Lampman, poet and civil servant, was born on 17 November 1861 in Morpeth, County Kent, Ontario, the son of the Reverend Archibald Lampman and Susannah Charlotte Gesner. He attended a school at Gore's Landing, Ontario (run by Frederick William Barron), Cobourg Collegiate Institute, and Trinity College School, Port Hope, before entering the University of Trinity College, Toronto. He was Wellington Scholar, wrote for the College journal Rouge et Noir (predecessor of Trinity University Review) and was editor in his final year, 1881-82. Lampman was a member of the Trinity College Literary Institute and was Scribe of the two books of Episkopon (the reading of the Episkopon volumes was an annual ritual of the college) in 1881 and 1882. He also contributed to "The Week." He graduated with a BA in 1882. Lampman tried teaching but soon left that profession and entered the Canadian civil service in January of 1883 as a clerk in the Post Office Department.

In 1887 Lampman’s verse began to appear in magazines such as Scribner's, Harper's, Arcadia, Canadian Illustrated News, Atlantic Monthly, and Century. In 1888 he published his first volume, Among the Millet and Other Poems. From February 1892 to July 1893, Lampman, William Wilfred Campbell, and Duncan Campbell Scott wrote a Saturday column for the Toronto Globe titled "At the Mermaid Inn." He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1895, was a member of the Social Science Club in Ottawa and a member of the Fabian Society. He published a second volume, Lyrics of Earth (printed in 1895 and released in 1896) and a third, Alcyone, and other Poems, was in the press at the time of his death. It was held back by Duncan Campbell Scott in favour of a comprehensive memorial volume (1900).

Lampman married Maud Emma Playter on 3 September 1887, in Ottawa, and they had three children: Natalie Charlotte, Arnold Gesner, and Archibald Otto. He died on 10 February 1899 in Ottawa.

Scott, Duncan Campbell

  • Person
  • 1862-1947

Duncan Campbell Scott (1862-1947) was a Canadian civil servant, poet and short story writer. Scott was a member of a group known as the "Confederation poets" which also included Charles G.D. Roberts, Bliss Carman, and Archibald Lampman. This term was first applied to them by scholar and editor Malcolm Ross when he collected their work in the anthology Poets of the Confederation (McClelland & Stewart, 1960). The Confederation poets were the first Canadian writers to become widely known after Confederation in 1867. Scott’s legacy as one of Canada’s preeminent poets has been overshadowed by the prominent role he played in supporting the forced assimilation of Indigenous children through the residential school system.

In 1880 Scott joined the Canadian Department of Indian Affairs as a third-class clerk. In 1893 he was promoted to Chief Accountant. He was made superintendent of Indian Education in 1909 and was deputy superintendent-general from 1913 to 1932. As deputy superintendent, Scott oversaw and expanded the Indian Residential School system for Indigenous children stating his goal was to “get rid of the Indian problem.” In its 2015 report, Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) stated that that residential schools were “part of a coherent policy to eliminate Aboriginal people as distinct peoples and to assimilate them into the Canadian mainstream against their will.” The establishment and operation of residential schools has been labelled by the TRC as cultural genocide.

Additional information on the legacy of Duncan Campbell Scott can be accessed here:

Selvadurai, Shyam

  • Person
  • 1965-

Shyam Selvadurai was born 12 February 1965 in Colombo, Sri Lanka to a Sinhalese mother and a Tamil father. He attended Royal Junior School and Royal College in Colombo and participated in theatre; he directed his first production, The Wizard of Oz at the age of 13. Ethnic riots, between Tamil and Sinhalese beginning in July 1983, led Selvadurai and his family to immigrate to Canada when he was 19 years old. He attended York University for a bachelor of fine arts in theatre directing and playwriting between 1984 and 1989.
He moved to Montreal in 1990 to focus on writing and published his first story “Nagadvipa Road” in Montreal Serai in 1991. He published “Pigs Can’t Fly” in the Toronto South Asian Review in spring 1992, which resulted in securing an agent, and a plan to expand “Pigs Can’t Fly” into a novel. Funny Boy, a novel presented through six short stories, was published in 1994 by McClelland & Stewart in Canada and Jonathan Cape in the UK. It was shortlisted for the 1994 Giller Prize and was awarded the Smithbooks/Books in Canada First Novel Award. Funny Boy would go on to be translated into seven languages and published in eleven countries. His second novel, Cinnamon Gardens was published in 1998 by McClelland & Stewart, which was shortlisted for the Trillium Award in 1998. His third novel, for young adults, Swimming in the Monsoon Sea was published by Tundra Books in 2005 and was shortlisted for the Governor General’s Literary Award. His most recent work was The Hungry Ghosts which was published by Double Day Canada and Penguin India in April 2013. Selvadurai received an MFA in creative writing from the University of British Columbia in 2010. He taught creative writing workshops at York University between 1998 and 2010, and at the University of Toronto, School of Continuing Studies in 2005, 2006, 2008 and 2009. Shyam Selvadurai lives in Toronto.

Brady, Elizabeth

  • Person
  • 1945-2017

Elizabeth Brady (known professionally as Liz Brady) was born 3 June 1945 in Toronto and was the daughter of James Anderson Brady and Dorothy O’Connell. She attended Burlington High School and later the University of Western Ontario for both her B.A (Hons) (1967) and her M.A (1969). Brady received her Ph.D at the University College of London, England on
Virginia Woolf in 1972.

Brady was an active writer, both academic and fiction, and editor. She wrote book reviews between 1974 and 1978 and was an editorial member of the Fireweed collective from 1978-1980 and the managing editor of Canadian Woman Studies from 1984-1989, 1991-1992. She was the author of Tintype (Fiddlehead Poetry Books, 1977), Marian Engel and Her Works (ECW Press, 1987) and the Jane Yeats mystery series: Sudden Blow (1998), Bad Date (2001), and See Jane Run! (2004, Second Story Press). Sudden Blow received the Arthur Ellis Award for Best First Novel in 1999. Elizabeth Brady died in 2017.

Chelvanayakam, Samuel James Velupillai

  • Person
  • 1898-1977

Samuel James Velupillai Chelvanayakam was born in Ipoh, Malaysia on 31 March 1898 to Viswanathan Velupillai, a businessman, and Harriet Annamma Kanapathipillai. He moved to Tellippallai, Sri Lanka, with his mother, two brothers, and sister (only his brother E. V. Ponnuthurai survived past childhood) in order to receive his early education at Union College, Tellipalai for eight years. From then he studied for five years at St. Johns College, Jaffna, and then to St. Thomas’s College, Mount Lavinia. Chelvanayakam graduated from the University of London as an external student in 1918 with a degree in Science. In 1927 he married Emily Grace Barr-Kumarakulasinghe. They had four sons and one daughter.

He was a teacher at St. Thomas’s College until moving to Wesley College in 1919 to teach Mathematics. He later became the Head of the Science Department. He attended lectures at the Law College and sat for the law examinations at the Law College while he was still teaching at Wesley College. Chelvanyakam started his legal career in the Court of Requests in Colombo. He set up a private practice first in Hultsdorp and later in St. Sebastian Hill. From the Court of Requests, Chelvanayakam moved to the District Court and later to the Appellate Courts. He was made Queen’s Counsel on 31st May 1947.

Chelvanayakam then left his practice and joined politics as a primary organizer of the All Ceylon Tamil Congress (ACTC) in 1944. He was elected as a member of Parliament for the first time in September 1947. On 18 December 1949, Chelvanayakam launched the Ilankai Thamil Arasu Kadchi (ITAK, also known as the Federal Party) along with E. M. V. Naganathan and V. Navaratnam elected as joint General Secretaries. He was also a director of the Tamil newspaper Suthanthiran (Freedom).

Chelvanayakam was known by Tamils as Thanthai Chelva (Father Chelva) because of his interest in safeguarding the identity and interests of Tamil people.

Together with the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka he signed the Bandaranaike-Chelvanayakam Pact on 26 July 1957 which would request parity for the Tamil language; cessation of colonization on traditional Tamil-speaking homelands; give regional autonomy for the Tamil provinces; and restore the citizenship and rights of the upcountry Tamils (S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism / A. J. Wilson). On 24 March 1965 he signed the Senanayake-Chelvanayakam Pact which addressed the Tamil Language Special Provisions Act No. 28 of 1958 but this was not passed.

Chelvanayakam’s health declined due to Parkinson’s disease and in 1961 he had surgery in Edinburgh. After suffering from a fall resulting in head injuries in March 1977, Chelvanayakam passed away on 26 April 1977.

Beverley, Jo

  • Person
  • 1947-2016

Jo Beverley is the author of thirty-two published historical romances. She has been the recipient of numerous awards including the Golden Leaf, the Award of Excellence, the National Readers Choice, and a two Career Achievement awards from Romantic Times. She is also a five-time winner of the RITA, the top award of the Romance Writers Of America, and is a member of its Hall of Fame and Honor Roll. Beverley passed away in England in 2016.

Rosenblatt, Joe

  • Person
  • 1933-2019

Rosenblatt, Canadian poet, was born in Toronto in 1933. He has published several books of poetry & fiction. His selected poems, Top Soil, won the Governor General's award for poetry.

Mulhallen, Karen

  • Person
  • 1942-

Karen Ann Mulhallen is a writer, publisher, Professor of English at Ryerson Polytechnic University and the editor-in-chief of Descant. Born May 1, 1942 in Woodstock, Ontario to H.J. Thomas and Edna Anne (neé Naylor), Mulhallen was educated at Waterloo Lutheran University (B.A. 1963) and the University of Toronto (M.A. 1967, Ph.D. 1975).

Mulhallen was Lecturer at Ryerson from 1966, and became a Professor in 1971. Her area of scholarly expertise is 18th century English art. She is the author of several books of poetry, a work of travel fiction, and articles on the literary and visual arts in Canadian journals and magazines, including Blewointment, Quarry, and The White Wall Review. She was the Poetry Review Editor and the Arts Feature Editor for Canadian Forum (1974-1979), and has edited several collections of poetry, travel writing, and criticism for Somerville House Publishers. As editor-in-chief, Mulhallen has made Descant one of Canada's

Mulhallen was a finalist in the CBC Literary Awards (1989) and the CBC-Saturday Night Literary Awards (1994), and won the Maclean Hunter Arts Journalism Fellowship (1994), and the Hawthornden Castle Fellowship (1996). She was the Sarwan Sahota Distinguished Professor at Ryerson (1998), and has received various other grants and fellowships. She has also been a grants and awards adjudicator, and has made numerous public readings and broadcasts for television and radio.

Gibson, Graeme

  • Person
  • 1934-2019

Graeme Gibson was born in London, Ont. in 1934. He studied at the University of Western Ontario and later taught at Ryerson. He has travelled widely, living abroad in England, France, and elsewhere. In 1959 he married Shirley Gibson, who later became President of Anansi Press (1972-1974). In 1969 his first novel, Five Legs, was published by Anansi Press, followed by his second, Communion, in 1971. In the 1970's he became active in various cultural organizations. He was a founding member of the Writer's Union of Canada, serving as its chairman in 1974/75. In 1975 he helped to establish the Book and Periodical Development Council, which he chaired the following year. He has also been chairman of the Writer's Development Trust. In 1973 he edited a collection of interviews entitled: Eleven Canadian Novelists, published by Anansi Press. In 1978 he was awarded a Scottish Canadian Exchange Fellowship. In 1982 he published his third novel, Perpetual Motion and in 1993, Gentleman Death. In 1996, he decided to stop writing novels and has since published two non-fiction books: The Bedside Book of Birds (2005) and the Bedside Book of Beasts (2009). He lives in Toronto with Margaret Atwood.

MacMillan, Ernest, Sir

  • Person
  • 1893-1973

Sir Ernest MacMillan, conductor, organist, pianist, composer, educator, writer, administrator, was born in Mimico (Metropolitan Toronto) on August 18, 1893, and died in Toronto on May 6,1973. He was one of the most influential Canadian musicians of the middle 20th century.

Feldbrill, Victor

  • Person
  • 1924-2020

Victor Feldbrill, Canadian conductor and violinist, was born on April 4, 1924 and died June 17, 2020 in Toronto, Ontario. He was a champion for new compositions by Canadian composers, conducting numerous premieres throughout his long and distinguished career.

Feldbrill studied with various violinists, conductors, music theorists, and composers, including: Sigmund Steinberg (violin, 1936-1943); John Weinzweig (1939, theory); and, Ettore Mazzoleni at the Toronto Conservatory of Music (TCM) (conducting, 1942-1943). During World War One, he served with the Royal Canadian Navy (1943-1945) and played violin in Meet the Navy. While stationed in London, England, he studied continued his studies with Herbert Howells (harmony and composition) at the Royal Conservatory of Music and Ernest Read at the Royal Academy of Music (conducting). After returning to Canada, he continued his studies with Kathleen Parlow (violin, 1946-1949), at Tanglewood (conducting, summer 1947), with Pierre Monteux (conducting, summers 1949 and 1950), with Willem van Otterloo (conducting, summer 1956), and with Meinhard von Zallinger (conducting, summer 1956).

As a violinist, he appeared as concertmaster with the Royal Conservatory of Music Symphony Orchestra and Opera Company (1945-1949); first violin with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSO) (1949-1956); first violin with the CBC Symphony Orchestra (1952-1956). He also appeared as a guest conductor with the CBC Symphony Orchestra during this time.

His conducting career began in 1942, when he conducted the University of Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSYO) (1942-1943). He made his conducting debut with the TSO on March 30, 1943. From 1945 to 1949, he was assistant conductor of the Royal Conservatory of Music Symphony Orchestra and Opera Company (where he was also concertmaster). In the 1950s, he founded and conducted the Canadian Chamber Players (1952), appeared as a conductor and violinist for various CBC radio and TV programs, was assistant conductor of TSO (1956-1957), and conducted the Hart House Orchestra at Brussels World's Fair (1958).

Feldbrill then became conductor of the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra (1958-1968). In 1968, he returned to Toronto to join the staff at the University of Toronto (1968-1982), where he conducted the University of Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and became a special lecturer (1969) and conductor-in-residence (1972). During this time, he was also the TSO's director of youth programming (1968-1978) and resident conductor of the TSO (1973-1977). In 1974, he founded the Toronto Symphony Youth Orchestra, which he conducted until 1978.

Feldbrill also conducted and guest-conducted various other Canadian symphony orchestras and events throughout his career, including: the International Conference of Composers at Stratford (1960); the Vancouver International Festival (1961); the National Youth Orchestra (1960-1962, 1964, 1969, 1975); youth orchestras at the Banff Summer Festival for the Arts (starting in 1975); the London Symphony Orchestra (music director, 1979-1981); the Hamilton Philharmonic (1990-1996); CBC orchestras in Edmonton, Vancouver, Winnipeg, and Montreal; various CBC TV productions; the Atlantic Symphony Orchestra; Calgary Philharmonic; Edmonton Symphony Orchestra; Montreal Symphony Orchestra; Quebec Symphony Orchestra; Regina Symphony Orchestra; Saskatoon Symphony Orchestra; Vancouver Symphony Orchestra; National Arts Centre Orchestra (NACO); the University of Toronto Opera Department; and the Canadian Opera Company (COC). Notably, he conducted the premiere performances by the COC of Louis Riel by Harry Somers (1967) and Heloise and Abelard by Charles Wilson (1973).

Outside of Canada, he guest conducted various orchestras in the USSR (1963, 1966-1967); United Kingdom (annual appearances as a guest conductor for the BBC starting in 1957); and the Czech Republic (1993-2003). He was the first Canadian guest conductor at the Tokyo National University of Art and Music in 1979, where became a professor (1981-1987) and principal conductor of the Geidai Philharmonia. He was also the first Canadian to guest conduct the Philippine Philharmonic Orchestra (1984) and to guest conduct and lecture in China (Peking and Shenyang, 1987).

His contributions to music have been recognized by various awards, including the first Canada Music Citation from the Canadian League of Composers (1967), City of Tokyo medal (1978), first recipient of the Roy Thomson Hall award (1985), Officer of the Order of Canada (1985), Order of Ontario (1999), University of Toronto's Distinguished Visitor Award (1999), and ambassador of the Canadian Music Centre (2009).

Weinzweig, John

  • Person
  • 1913-2006

Weait, Christopher

  • Person
  • 1939-

Wilson, Charles

  • Person
  • 1931-
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