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Black (Davidson) Family

  • Family
  • 1838-

This section is under review for historical accuracy. Please check back for an updated version
The Davidson Black’s family history in Canada begins in 1840 when it arrived in Montreal, settling later in the Whitby area in Canada West. The patriarch’s son, the first Davidson Black, was born in England in 1825. He graduated from University College in the University of Toronto with a BA in 1867, even though the only recorded information of his attendance is that he took a third year civil polity (pass) course in 1865-1866. In 1869 he was admitted as a student-at-law to Osgoode Hall. He was sworn in as an attorney on 23 November 1871 and was called to the bar in 1872. Soon thereafter Davidson set up shop at 17 Toronto Street with two younger lawyers who had been fellow students at University College, Thomas Dawson Delamere and Henry Arthur Reesor; the firm was called Delamere, Black and Reesor. Thomas Delamere was the eldest son of a family of four boys and two girls that had emigrated from Ireland to Toronto in 1852. His youngest sister, Margaret Bowes (born in 1850), an organist, was a beauty who caught the eye of Davidson. He proposed to her in October 1878 and she accepted. Her mother and Tom’s approval was muted, but brothers Harry and Joe were enthusiastic. Davidson and Margaret married at end of December 1879 and settled in Toronto where their two sons were born, Redmond in 1880 and Davidson William on 25 July 1884.

This ordered family life was disrupted on 12 July 1886 when Davidson dropped dead of a heart attack at the age of 61. Margaret resolved to be independent and refused to move in with any members of her family. But, knowing she would have to find employment, she accepted Tom’s help in getting a position in Osgoode Hall. She moved her boys into a smaller house at 3 Anderson Street and got on with life. She never remarried. Over the years she and Davidson established a close bond of understanding that is revealed in his voluminous letters to her; his first letters home are dated 1891. In March 1907, with her boys having left home (Redmond to become a banker) Margaret moved to 46 Avenue Road and a few years later to 52 Avenue Road where she resided for the rest of her life. In February 1913 she changed her surname officially to Davidson-Black. In July 1922, she was struck by a car after alighting from a streetcar and fractured her skull. It was the fourth accident she had suffered in recent years. In March 1923, she wrote to Davidson that she had done every job at Osgoode Hall and would like any position that would give her enough money to live on and a pension after 37 years of service there. She died of a stroke in Toronto on 14 September 1929.

Redmond Black was sometimes referred to as “Gov” by himself and his family. He worked for the Dominion Bank for most of his life, in various locations mostly in Ontario including Oshawa, Napanee, Belleville, Huntsville, Seaforth, Hespeler and Dresden. He and his wife, Grace, had three children, Redmond, Harold and Gay. Redmond enlisted and was sent to Durban, South Africa in spring 1902 as part of the Halifax contingent of the Canadian Mounted Rifles during the South African (Boer) War. In 1916 he served as a senior commanding officer in the 110th Perth County Battalion, and later as part of the 8th Canadian Reserve Battalion, St. Martin’s Plain, Shorncliffe, Kent.

Davidson William Black, who was known as “Dyo” to his family and “Kid” to his brother Redmond, never used his middle name. He attended the Model School on Gerrard Street. During his fourteenth year he was bedridden with rheumatic fever. As he entered his teens, he made frequent summer trips as a “chore boy” with his maternal uncles to Minden in the Kawartha Lakes, where he learned the importance of keeping detailed and accurate notes. He also developed an interest in ornithology, as surviving notebooks attest. He attended the Wellesley School before entering, in 1899, Harbord Collegiate Institute. At the latter he took courses in art and became a good amateur artist. As an adult, he composed small sketches of anything that interested him; many of these accompanied his correspondence. To finance his dream of taking medicine, he took summer jobs in the Huntsville and Minden areas. In October 1902, he registered as a matriculant in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, thus bypassing the matriculation examinations as he entered the four-year course in medicine at the University of Toronto. He graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine (MB) in 1906 with a pass standing. One of his fellow students, who became a good friend, was Edmund Vincent Cowdry, who later played a role in Davidson’s joining the Peking Union Medical College.

During the summer of 1906 Davidson worked at the Hudson’s Bay Company post on the Mattagami River and also served as an Ontario forest ranger in the Biscotasing area. In 1907 he acquired a miner’s licence and permission to prospect in the Temagami Forest Reserve. With the encouragement of Professor A. B. Macallum, he entered the Honour Arts programme at University College in the fall of 1906, “to widen his horizon and stimulate his powers of exploration and expression” . There he took courses in English, scientific French and German, world history and biology, and indulged in the athletic pastimes of boxing and fencing. Professor W. H. Piersol taught him “the principles and manipulations used in the preparation of material for microscopic examination” and stated he was “a terrifically hard worker”. Although his very amusing biographical sketch for the Class of 0T9 appears in the 1909 volume of Torontonensis, the undergraduate yearbook, he did not finally convocate until June 1911.

Dr. Black’s education continued in subsequent years. In June 1924 he was awarded a Master of Arts degree for his thesis, ‘The motor nuclei of the cerebral nerves in phylogeny. A study of the phenomenon of neurobiotaxis.’ In October 1927, with the upgrading of undergraduate medical degree from Bachelor of Medicine (MB), he was awarded an MD (Doctorate of Medicine).

Black spent the summer of 1909 back at Biscotasing, then headed for Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, where he had accepted a lectureship in the Department of Anatomy. While there he as much spare time as he could “visiting and working in the laboratories of famous institutions”. He was also able to study the specimens in the University’s large skeletal museum. During the summer holidays, he found employment with the Geological Survey of Canada where he acquired the “practical knowledge of structural and stratigraphical geology that subsequently amazed the geologists with whom he worked in connection with his later paleontological studies.” In the summer of 1911 he again went prospecting and on July 11 got caught in the great Porcupine fire. More than a week passed before he could wire his mother, “Am sending this for fear you have been worrying about us. We are all OK…” He had spent two nights standing in Porcupine Lake and was given government relief supplies and a free trip home.

The arrival in 1912 of T. Wingate Todd from the University of Manchester meant that Davidson was exposed to the former’s new ideas “as an interpreter of man’s relation to the anthropoids and on human evolution generally.” Early in 1913 Black was appointed Assistant Professor in the Department of Anatomy, and the first of his scientific articles appeared.

Early in the summer of 1912 Davidson visited his Delamere cousins at their summer house on Balsam Lake in the Kawartha Lakes near Coboconk. There he became reacquainted with Adena Nevitt, whom he had first met some years before at Go Home Bay. They were married in Toronto on 27 December 1913, with an old Delamere family friend, the Venerable Archdeacon Hill, officiating.

Adena (“Adna” in her student records) Sara Nevitt was the younger daughter of Dr. Richard Barrington Nevitt, an American who had been sent north for his education during the Civil War. He graduated from Trinity College in Toronto with a BA in 1871, and entered Trinity Medical School that fall. His formal medical education was interrupted by the opportunity to serve as an assistant surgeon in the original squadron of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police as it marched west from Fort Garry to Fort McLeod in 1872-1873. He then returned to Toronto to complete his medical degree at Trinity (MB 1874, MD 1882). In 1883 he was a founder of the Ontario Medical College for Women and president and dean until its merger with the University of Toronto in 1906. He was also a member of the Trinity College Corporation. All but two (Richard A. and Bertram, who was killed at Courcelette in France in 1916) of the six children of Dr. Nevitt and his wife, Elizabeth Beaty, a daughter of the co-founder of the Leader, attended university. Robert Barrington received his BA in 1900 from Trinity, and his MA in 1901, while Irving Howard entered the School of Practical Science, where he got his diploma in 1903 and his BASc in 1904. Mary Louise received her BA from Trinity in 1901. Robert became an Anglican clergyman and died in England in 1918. Irving became a sanitary engineer (died 1963), while Mary (died 1953) married the Reverend George Egerton Ryerson, who was an Anglican missionary in Japan from 1900 to 1917 before settling in England in 1923.

Adena attended Miss Veal’s School before entering Trinity College in 1901, from which she received her BA 1904. During their first year of marriage, she and Davidson were apart for several months; his vacation job was with the Geological Survey of Canada in British Columbia, while she travelled across Canada by rail to spend the summer in Japan. In the spring of 1914 Davidson took a leave of absence from Western Reserve and he and Adena travelled to England where he took a short course from Grafton Elliot Smith, his colleague Todd’s old chief at the University of Manchester. Smith had spent seven years in Egypt studying ancient skeletons and was then working on the reconstruction of the skull of the Piltdown Man. Black was fascinated by this field of work and became determined to devote his life to it. He re-directed his energy to the study of comparative anatomical material, becoming skilled at cast making, and studied the geological literature essential to his work. Black and Smith got on very well and the latter introduced him to colleagues in London, including Arthur Berridale Keith, Frederick Wood Jones and Arthur Smith Woodward. Smith also recommended him for a position at the University of Otago in New Zealand. Black also met a young Jesuit priest, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who was interested in the Piltdown Man controversy and later took an active part in archaeological research in China.

Early in the summer of 1914 Black and Adena went to Amsterdam where, at Elliott Smith’s suggestion, Black worked under the guidance of the distinguished neurologist, Ariëns Kappers. They began a long association which was of considerable value to Black in his writings about the nervous systems in man and neuroanatomy. The Blacks remained in the city for a week after the declaration of war, then returned to London and sailed home. Black’s attempt to enlist was rebuffed because of the slight heart murmur he had had all his life. So he returned to Western Reserve where he remained until the United States declared war on Germany in April, 1917.

The Blacks then moved back to Toronto, where Davidson enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force on 27 July 1917 and was assigned to the Canadian Army Medical Corps with the rank of captain. He was attached to the Divisional Laboratory of Military District 2 from 1 September 1917 to 21 June 1918. Four days later he sailed for England where he was assigned to the CAMC Training Division at Risborough Barracks, Shorncliffe, in Kent. He remained there from 15 July to 30 August 1918, when he was given a week’s leave of absence to go to London to discuss the offer of an appointment to the Department of Anatomy at the Peking Union Medical College being established by the Rockefeller Foundation. He accepted the offer, generously backdated to June 1918 but to be taken up when he was released from military service. He then moved to the Canadian General Laboratory at Whitley Military Camp in Surrey, one of three in the Aldershot Command area established by the Canadian Army. He remained there until 2nd February 1919. Three weeks later he was back in Canada.

The following months were spent preparing for departure to China (Adena’s notes on items packed has survived). The Blacks left Toronto on 15 August by train for San Francisco, where they boarded the S.S. Ecuador for China. They arrived in Beijing on 21 September. It was there that their son, Davidson, was born on 12 March 1921, (Their daughter, Nevitt, was born on 2 October 1925.) Black familiarized himself with his surrounding by a series of local trips, especially to the Western Hills. His family also discovered Peitaiho, the popular Chinese summer holiday retreat, where they escaped the furnace-like heat of Peking in summer.

Black found his colleagues very agreeable; amongst them his old friend from university days, E. V. Cowdry, head of the Department of Anatomy at PUMC, George B. Barbour, and J. Gunnar Andersson. It was the last, with his expertise in local geology, and Black who were to lay the foundation for prehistoric research in China. Other colleagues included Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, and Dr. A. W Grabau, Professor of Palaeontology in the National University of Peking, became a mentor and from whom Black learned about a 1903 discovery of an ancient tooth, possibly that of a primitive man. In 1921 Cowdry resigned and Black replaced him. He emphasized the importance of physical anthropology as he built up his department and turned it into a well-equipped anthropological laboratory, in spite of initially finding little support in his attempt to promote anthropological research. He retained this position until his death and was admired by his Chinese colleagues for treating them with an equality that was rare at that time.

Black’s pursuit of evidence of the origins of man began almost immediately. In March 1920, he went to Kalgan, the terminus of the principal caravan route to Mongolia; this was followed in June and July by his first field expedition to investigate cave burials. His preliminary paper on the human skeletal remains in the Neolithic cave deposits at Shakoutun, was published that autumn, his first anthropological paper based on research in the field. The failure of some of his early expeditions, such as one to Jehol and the caves of the Lan River, caused him to look elsewhere; in 1923 he went to Siam as he believed man had migrated from the south. Though this trip proved fruitless, Black did not give up. He established a good working relationship with Dr. Wong Weng-hao who headed the recently formed Geological Survey of China. In 1922 he briefly joined (primarily to see Urga) the third Asiatic expedition of the American Museum of Natural History, which started in April from Kalgan for Mongolia, to study its zoology, paleontology, geology and botany and, if the press was to believed, discover the ‘Missing Link’. But it was Gunnar Andersson’s visit to in 1921 to the hills of Chou-K’ou-tien, twenty-five miles south-west of Beijing, and two years later to a spot near the local railway station, that really changed Black’s life. It was here in 1926 that Andersson’s expedition found an early Pleistocene tooth. Black was initially strongly criticized for regarding this as evidence of “Peking man”, but excavations under his direction at Chou-K’ou-tien began in 1927, with a two-year grant from the Rockefeller Foundation. They resulted in the discovery of more bone fragments and a skull by the Chinese geologists C. C. Young and W. C. Pei, and the confirmation of the validity of the genus Sinanthropus pekinensis which Black had named. His growing stature was recognized by the China Medical Board, now responsible for PUMC, the following year when it released him from teaching duties for three years from 1929 to pursue field research with what became an abortive mid-Asian expedition to Chinese Turkestan (the Swede, Sven Hedin, pulled out of an agreement and found funding for his own expedition).

In addition to their travels in Asia and within China (in addition to Siam, for example, they visited Hong Kong and Macau in 1930), the Blacks returned to Canada as often as they could. Staff at PUMC received a year’s leave every four years. Davidson took advantage of these furloughs to expand his professional experience, but some of their travels were occasioned by Davidson’s professional activities, others by the continuing civil turmoil in China. In 1923 Davidson had his first leave from PUMC; Adena arrived back in Toronto in June and he followed three months later, having escaped pirates on his journey. Adena used this opportunity to establish with Daisy and Marion Boulton of Toronto a business venture importing Chinese goods to Canada. This enterprise ran from 1924 to 1928, from which Adena made a good income. Between 1931 and 1934 she was associated with the trading firm, the Peking Temples Company.

At the end of 1923 Davidson was given a fellowship for travel and medical study in Europe, which he took advantage of to visit the leading medical authorities across Europe (his album of signed photographs is a memento of this trip). He returned to Toronto in August and the family headed back to Beijing. Adena was back in Toronto in April of 1927 with her children “owing to uprisings south of Pekin” (Davidson followed early in December). In April 1928 he attended the annual meeting of the American Association of Anatomists in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and visited old friends in Baltimore and New York. On 15 June 1928, Black and his family sailed to England. Davidson visited colleagues there and also in Europe. They returned to Toronto in August and early in October they left for China.

Back in China, in an attempt to obtain further financing, Black proposed to the Rockefeller Foundation the founding of a Cenozoic Research Laboratory to be linked to the Geological Survey of China. This would facilitate integrated field and laboratory work and extend the range of research. The Foundation agreed, provided $80,000 in funding, and Black brought V. K Ting of the Geological Survey of China in as an honorary director along with himself. The work of developing the fossils discovered at Chou-K’ou-tien “was carried out by Black himself with superb technical skill. Not only did he clean the fossils and photograph them himself, but also he made the excellent casts which have enabled workers in the rest of the world who could not see the fossils themselves, to form a very exact idea of their nature.”

In 1932 Black went on leave again, travelling overland through northern India, Afghanistan, Persia, and Iraq to Palestine and Egypt. Adena and the children went by ship to Vancouver while he sailed to Calcutta, meeting them back in Canada. He then made a quick trip to London on news that he had been elected to the Royal Society. On 8 December he delivered its Croonian Lecture, the first Canadian to do so. The family then returned to China. In June 1933 he was back in Canada to attend the Fifth Pacific Science Congress in Vancouver, where the possibility of an expedition the next year to the Yangtze with George Barbour and Teilhard de Chardin was discussed, with initial preparations being carried out in the spring of 1934.

As word of Black’s findings spread, he received many honours, the first being the Grabau Gold Medal of the Geological Survey of China (1929). This was followed in 1931 by the Daniel Giraud Eliot Medal and in 1932 he was awarded the King Gold Medal by the Peking Society of Natural History. He was made an honorary member or fellow of eight societies, including (in addition to the Royal Society) the National Academy of Sciences (Washington, DC), the Royal Anthropological Institute, and the National Institute of History and Philology, China.

Dr. Black was diagnosed with a serious heart condition in the fall of 1933 and spent a long time convalescing. A few days after he was allowed to return to work, he died in his office of a heart attack in the evening of 15 March 1934. For his obituary in Nature, G. Elliot Smith concluded, “In taking farewell of Davidson Black one regrets not only the loss of a friend of particular charm and generosity, but also the cutting short of the brilliant work in which he was engaged and which there is no one else competent to complete.”

Adena Black remained in China until the end of 1938 when she returned to Canada with Nevitt; Davy was already there. As the situation in China deteriorated, many others associated with the Peking University Medical College left as well. By the end of the 1930s, the Cenozoic Research Laboratory was a mere shell of what it had been. Adena died in Toronto at her home at 218 Cottingham Street on 4 May 1966.

Both of the Black children grew up fluent in Mandarin. Davidson was educated at the Peking American School from 1926 to 1936, except for 1932-1933 when he attended the preparatory school at Upper Canada College. From 1936 to 1940 he was at Ridley College in St. Catharines. He then spent a year at University College before entering medicine, receiving his MD from the U of T in 1946. Davidson married Lynne Sunderland (BA, Woodsworth College, 1985) on 18 January 1964. He died on 31 August 1988. Their son, Davidson (Davy) died on 15 March 2011 at the age of 42, 77 years to the day after his grandfather.

Nevitt attended the same school as her brother, beginning in 1931. Back in Toronto, she entered Bishop Strachan School before taking courses in Arts at Trinity College and in Medicine. She married John Ryerson Maybee, a native of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan and a 1939 graduate of Trinity College (MA and PhD, Princeton), on 4 August 1945. He served with distinction in Canada’s diplomatic corps from 1945 to his retirement in 1978. He died in 2009, but she survives him and in 2013 is still active.

Imperial, Paul & Lynn

  • Family

The Aron Cinema is Campbellford Ontario, has been owned and operated by Paul Imperial from 1976 to 2011. The theater began screening films in 1947. Due to the lack of growth in the rural area, and change in cinema, the Aron was set to close down in 2009. The community rallied together, wanting to save the cinema that had become a major part of their neighborhood over the years. Together, they turned the theater into a not-for-profit co-operative. By selling bonds, fundraising, and the Imperial family taking out a mortgage, the facility was able to re-open in 2011. For their efforts, the Imperial family was awarded a plaque commemorating their 35 years of dedicated service.

With new backers, the theater has continued to be updated, the largest change being the upgrade to a digital projector from a 35mm projector. This has allowed the theater to show mainstream on-release Hollywood films. The theater has also begun to rent the space out to private parties and become a stage for festivals, even partnering with the Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) to bring art and documentary films to the community.

Crone, Robert & Violet

  • Family

Robert and Violet Crone are Canadian pioneers in the film and television industry. They have each had very influential careers and have worked across the globe. Their resumes are extensive, each with their own long list of awards.

Robert (Bob) Crone grew up in Peterborough, Ontario as the son of a minister. It was in high school where he began to take steps towards his future career behind the camera. He made his first film there, but quickly moved to Toronto to work for CBC, which had just begun national television broadcasting. After a short time there, Robert began to work as a free-lance cameraman, and then a film producer. He would supply publicity shots, news stories, and interviews to Pan-American Airways, Time-Life, CBC, and other Canadian magazines.

His career then took him across the globe. He spent seven years traversing Asia, Africa, Europe, and coming home to Canada every so often. He covered news, and was often calmly entering divided cities, and politically charged situation to capture each areas story on film. With a custom-made sound mixing console in his Toronto home basement, he was able to produce a complete audio-visual package for his clients.

In 1964, Robert decided, with the support of his wife Vi, to open a film processing house. At the time, there were no film laboratories in Canada. Film House Limited began, serving visiting film producers and Canadians alike. Film House sales took off, doubling about every 18 months. By 1968, they were processing 75 to 125 orders a day. After ten years of success, Robert Crone sold the company to an ad agency and returned to shooting.

Robert Crone, along with help from his son David Crone, has been credited for bring the Steadicam to Canada, being the top operators of the invention. The entry of the Steadicam to the film scene revolutionized how many shot, as the camera stabilizing system allowed for free camera movement.

Violet (Vi) Crone grew up in Peterborough, Ontario. She was the first female camera operator in Canada and has studied at the New York Institute of Photography

Falke, Walter & Olga

  • Family

Avid collectors of the Golden Age of Radio and the early years of the American film industry.

Locke Family

  • ottca-f2310
  • Family
  • [1885]-2003

The Locke family patriarch was Robert Shaw Locke (1837-1911), a direct descendant of United Empire Loyalist Sir John Johnson. He married Florence Adelaide Sheldon in 1871 and the couple had four children, Sheldon, Robert Henry, Florence Alice and Herbert Alfred Edwin. The first two attended Trinity College. Theodore Sheldon Locke matriculated in 1890 At some point after he began at Trinity College he was the victim of an unfortunate hazing incident and suffered a nervous breakdown. He left the College, returning in 1892, but was never awarded a degree. He became a teacher, but his later years were spent in a retirement home. Robert Henry Locke, his brother, graduated in 1904, became a lawyer and was appointed to the American Supreme Court..Herbert Locke married Irene Anthes of Parkdale, a 1903 graduate, along with her sister Libby Anthes, of St. Hilda’s. Their brother Laurence did not attend Trinity but was active in dramatic productions at the College. Herbert and Irene Locke had four daughters; the eldest, Elizabeth Sheldon Locke (Lambe), was a 1933 graduate of St. Hilda’s. Her daughter Laurie Lambe Wallace graduated from Trinity College in 1968.

Harris Family fonds

  • ottca-f2050
  • Family
  • 1829-1955

Richard Homan Harris (1829-1908) was born in Cork, Ireland. He taught for a time near Cork and also in Montreal and area, having relocated after his family had immigrated to Montreal. He next studied at Trinity College, Toronto, graduating with honours in 1860 from a double course in arts and theology. He was ordained deacon on 14 October 1860 by Bishop John Strachan. Harris chose the mission field, serving parishes in Orillia (Ont.) and region, as well as Omemee, and later Brighton and Weston. While working in Orillia, he met and married Collinette De Grassi, and they had two children. Widowed in May 1874, the following June he married Olivia Colter Cottingham, and they had three children. At the time of his death, he was residing in Toronto. He was buried in Orillia.

Collinette Virginia Beaumaris Harris (1872-1955), daughter of Richard Homan Harris and Collinette De Grassi, was one of the first graduates of the Church of England Deaconess Missionary Training House in Toronto. She served as a missionary in Egypt for 16 years. At the time of her death, she was a resident of Hamilton, Ont. She was buried in Orillia.

Bader family

  • Family

Alfred Bader was born in Vienna, Austria in 1924. After Kristallnacht he was included in the first Kindertransport from Vienna to Britain in December 1938. In 1940 he was interned in a British detention centre until being transferred to another centre on Quebec’s Ile aux Noix later that year; while there he studied for McGill University’s matriculation exams, passing them in 1941. After World War II he studied chemistry and engineering at Queen’s University, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in 1945. Emigrating to the United States, he pursued graduate studies at Harvard, earning an M.Sc. in organic chemistry in 1948 and then a Ph.D. in 1949. During a sea voyage to Liverpool that year he met Isabel Overton.

After his studies Bader began work as a research chemist with PPG Co. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from 1950–1954, and then became chief chemist for Aldrich Chemicals Company (1954–55), and subsequently its president (1955–81) and chairman (1981–91). He served as president of Sigma-Aldritch Corporation (1975–80) and its chairman (1980–91), then as chairman emeritus (1991–92). Alfred Bader became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1964. He has received honourary degrees from several universities in the United States, Canada and England. He passed away in 2018.

Isabel Louise Overton was born in northern Ontario and graduated from Victoria University in 1949 (DLittS Vic ’95). After touring England in the summer of 1949 she accepted a teaching post at St. Francis School, Bexhill-on-Sea in Sussex, where she taught drama, French and Spanish and established a costume museum. She remained there until her marriage to Alfred Bader in 1982. In 2000 the Isabel Bader Theatre was completed at Victoria University.

Waddell family

  • Family

Ruddock Waddell (BA 1905) was a student in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Toronto, and also active in student government.

Mary Evelyn Gertrude Waddell (BA 1903, MA 1904) studied Mathematics and Physics and later became the first woman appointed to the University's mathematics staff in 1920.

Hicks Family

  • F2074
  • Family
  • 1898-1979

Rivers Keith Hicks (RKH), university professor, was born in 1878 in Highbury Terrace, London, England, to Rivers Hicks (1854-1940) and Edith (Barcham) Hicks (1857-1904). The family moved soon after to Surrey. He was brother to Graham Barcham (b. 1879), Peter Rivers (b.1881), Ruth (b.1882), Edith (b.1883), Gilbert (b.1885), Louisa (b.1887), and John (b.1891).
RKH was educated at Cranleigh School, Surrey, and Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where he took the Mathematics tripos in 1901. He was assistant master at Routenburn School, Ayrshire, 1901, Cranleigh School, 1901-4, and Highgate School, London, 1904-7.

In 1907, RKH came to Canada and was an assistant master at Upper Canada College until 1911. He obtained an MA from Harvard in 1912. He was an instructor at Harvard and Dartmouth during that time. He returned to Canada to become an associate professor of French at Queen’s University, Kingston, in 1916. He left in 1925 to serve as special investigator for the Canadian Committee on Modern Languages and helped produce the two-volume report Modern Language Instruction in Canada (1928).

In 1927, RKH became Professor of Modern Languages at Trinity College, Toronto, and was named the first W.R. Brock Professor of French. He taught old French, philology, Renaissance literature, and eighteenth-century Literature. He became Registrar in 1943 and Dean of Arts in 1949, holding both positions until 1953. He wrote a number of textbooks, including The Reading Approach to French (1930), A New French Reader (1937), an abridged version of Prosper Mérimée’s Columba (1931), and an abridged version of Valentine Bonhoure’s Le Trésor de Châteauvieux (1935) as well as several standardized grammar tests incorporating the new approaches advocated in the committee’s report. He published an English translation of the first French play ever produced in Canada in 1608, Marc Lescarbot’s Théâtre de Neptune (1947). He also published an English translation of French-Canadian folk songs, Douze chansons canadiennes (1958). He had an interest in poetry and drama, serving as an honorary president of the Trinity College Dramatic Society, a member of the Board of Syndics of Hart House Theatre, and a director of the Crest Theatre. He died on 27 March 1964 in Toronto.

In 1911, RKH met Marjorie Ogilvy Edgar (1886-1951), daughter of Sir James David Edgar (1841-1899) and Matilda Ridout (1845-1910). They married in 1913. Marjorie was an amateur actress and writer, and an avid golfer and badminton player. She died on 21 May 1951 in Toronto. They had five children: John Edgar, Anthony Rivers, Douglas Barcham, Maud Jocelyn, and Michael Keith.

John Edgar Hicks, chartered accountant, was born circa 1914. He attended Lakefield Preparatory School and Upper Canada College and as a teenager worked as a caddy in Jasper, Alberta. He attended the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ontario until 1941. He worked for the Bank of Montreal, 1931-1932, and for Welch Anderson, Chartered Accountants, 1932-1939, before working for Tropical Oil Company in Colombia, 1939-1941. He developed an interest in aviation, joining the RCAF. He married Catherine (Kiki) Bethune. They had eleven children. He died in 1999 in Chemainus, British Columbia.

Anthony Rivers Hicks, naval officer, business executive, was born ca.1916. He attended Upper Canada College and entered Trinity College in 1933, graduating with a BA in 1938. He was in active service with the Royal Canadian Navy from August 1940. Later in life, he became an executive with the Sun Life Company and lived in Montreal. He married Jeanne Sargent and they had two children. He died in 1998 in Montreal.

Douglas Barcham Hicks, diplomat, was born in 1917. He attended University of Toronto Schools and the University of Toronto, graduating in 1939 with a BA. He was employed by the Department of External Affairs beginning in 1944 and served in important diplomatic posts in a number of African states in the 1970s, including high commissioner to Ghana, 1968-1971, and ambassador to Ethiopia, 1975-1978. He married Elizabeth Maud Stones and they had four children, three daughters and one son. He died in 1984 in Ottawa.

Maud Jocelyn Hicks, broadcaster, teacher, and writer, was born circa 1925. She attended Havergal College, 1942-1943, and then Trinity College, 1945-1946. She married John Smart and then John MacLean. She had three sons. She died in 2008 in Oakville.

Michael Keith Hicks, clergyman and civil servant, was born ca.1927. He attended University of Toronto Schools and then Trinity College, obtaining a BA in 1949 and an MA in 1950. He worked for the government of Canada and lives in Ottawa with his wife Barbara Findlay. They have three daughters.

Harris Family

  • F2050
  • Family
  • 1855-1961

Richard Homan Harris (1829-1908) was born in Cork, Ireland. He taught for a time near Cork and also in Montreal and area, having relocated after his family had immigrated to Montreal. He next studied at Trinity College, Toronto, graduating with honours in 1860 from a double course in arts and theology. He was ordained deacon on 14 October 1860 by Bishop John Strachan. Harris chose the mission field, serving parishes in Orillia (Ont.) and region, as well as Omemee, and later Brighton and Weston. While working in Orillia, he met and married Collinette De Grassi, and they had two children. Widowed in May 1874, the following June he married Olivia Colter Cottingham, and they had three children. At the time of his death, he was residing in Toronto. He was buried in Orillia.

Collinette Virginia Beaumaris Harris (1872-1955), daughter of Richard Homan Harris and Collinette De Grassi, was one of the first graduates of the Church of England Deaconess Missionary Training House in Toronto. She served as a missionary in Egypt for 16 years. At the time of her death, she was a resident of Hamilton, Ont. She was buried in Orillia.

Duckworth Family

  • f2062
  • Family
  • 1834-1927

Robinson Duckworth, clergyman, was born at Liverpool, 4 December 1834 and died 20 September 1911. He was the second son of Robinson Duckworth and Elizabeth Forbes Nicol (1803-1868) (daughter of William Nicol, M.D.). He attended the Royal Institution School, Liverpool, and Liverpool College. Duckworth matriculated 19 March 1853 and was elected to an open scholarship at University College, Oxford. He attained a first class Classics BA in 1857 and was Assistant Master at Marlborough from 1857 to 1860. He achieved an MA 1859 and was fellow at Trinity from 1860 to 1876 (tutor until 1866). He was made examining Chaplain to Bishop of Peterborough in 1864. In 1867, at the special request of Queen Victoria, he was made tutor to HRH the Duke of Albany (Prince Leopold) and was the Prince's Governor from 1867-70. He was Vicar of St. Mark's, Hamilton Terrace, London 1870-1906, Chaplain in Ordinary to Queen Victoria, 1870-90, and to the Prince of Wales, 1875-1901. He accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour through India 1875-76. He was Sub-Dean and Canon of Westminster (appointed to the later position in 1875). He obtained a BD and DD 1879. Duckworth was Rural Dean of St. Marylebone from 1891 to 1905. He was select Preacher at Cambridge in 1906 and made Chaplain in Ordinary to the King in 1910. He was buried near the entrance to the choir, Westminster Abbey. [Sources: Foster, J. Oxford Men & their Colleges, 1893; Pratt, A.T.C. People of the Period, 1897; Men of the Time: a dictionary.., 1897; Men and Women of the Time, 1899; Schaff, P. and S. M. Jackson Encyclopedia of Living Divines, 1887; Who Was Who 1897-1916, 1920]

Henry Thomas Forbes Duckworth, academic, was born 29 November 1868 at Grassendale, Lancashire, England, and died in 1927 in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. He was the son of Henry Duckworth (1836-19--) and Mary Bennett of Chester, England (1939-1916) and the grandson of Robinson Duckworth and Elizabeth Forbes Nicol. He attended Birkenhead school and matriculated 22 October 1887 at Merton College Oxford. He obtained his BA, a double first-class honour degree (Classics in 1891, Theology in 1892), was made deacon in 1893, and priest in 1894. He was curate of Witton, Northwich, from 1893 to 1896 and chaplain at Nicosia, Cyprus from 1896 to 1901 (enquiring into the liturgy, worship, and doctrines of the Eastern Church). As a representative of the Eastern Church Association in Cyprus, Duckworth spent his time studying the history of the Cypriot church. He authored Greek Manuals of Church Doctrine (1901), The Church of Cyprus (1901), and Pages of Levantine History (1906). He was English Chaplain at Cairo, Egypt, in 1901 but moved to Toronto and became Professor of Divinity at Trinity College. He held that post until 1907, was Lecturer and Professor of Classics from 1904 to 1927 (Greek in 1907 and Ancient History from 1912 until his death) and Dean of Residence from 1903 to 1914. In 1914, the position of Dean of Arts was created and he held that post until 1923. He married Hope Holland Hunt in 1908 [Sources: Foster, J. Oxford Men 1880-1892, 1893; Morgan Canadian Men and Women of the Time, 1912; Reed, T. A. The History of Trinity College, Toronto 1852-1952; The Clergy List, 1914]

Hope Holland Hunt Duckworth, was born 17 December 1884 in Brantford, Ontario, and died 28 August 1966. She was the daughter of Wellington Hunt (1838-1903) and Eliza Jane Craig (1851-1920). She attended the Ontario Ladies College, Whitby, and entered Trinity College, Toronto, in 1905. She graduated with a BA (Specialist) in 1908 and married Henry Thomas Forbes Duckworth in September of that year. She was Treasurer of the Women's Historical Society, Toronto in 1917. From 1918 to 1924 the Duckworths lived on Crawford Street and students of Trinity College boarded with them when necessary. After her husband’s death in 1927, Hope travelled back and forth to Cyprus. She is buried in the British cemetery in Kyrenia, Cyprus.
[Sources: Reed, T.A. A History of Trinity, College, Toronto 1852-1952; Trinity College Directory of Graduates and Alumni; Wellington Hunt,]

Cartwright and Wood Families

  • F2182
  • Family
  • 1806-

The Cartwrights were a prominent Upper Canadian Loyalist family, living in the Kingston area and later in York (Toronto). The Hon. Richard Cartwright Jr. (1759-1815) had twin sons, Robert David Cartwright (1804-1843), an Anglican minister, and John Solomon Cartwright (1804-1845), a Kingston lawyer who became involved in banking, real estate, and politics. The youngest of John Solomon Cartwright’s children was John Robison Cartwright (1842-1919), a lawyer who became deputy attorney general of Ontario.

In June 1868, John Robison Cartwright married Emily Boulton (1845-1920), in Cobourg, Ontario. Emily’s grandfather, D’Arcy Edward Boulton (1785-1846) had built The Grange in Toronto as his family home. Her father D’Arcy Edward Boulton (1814-1902) and mother Emily Mary Caroline Heath married in 1838 and raised their ten children at their home, known as The Lawn, in Cobourg. D’Arcy was a lawyer active in town affairs, serving as mayor of Cobourg from 1854 to 1857. John Robison Cartwright and Emily Boulton Cartwright had six children: Mabel (1869-1955), John Macaulay Boulton (1872- 1877), Stephen Hayter (1875-1909), Ralph Bingham (1877-1899), Edwin Aubrey (1879-1951), and Winifred Macaulay (1883-1953).

Their first child, Mabel Cartwright, was born in Kingston, Ontario, in 1869. She grew up in Toronto and later went to England where she was educated at Cheltenham Ladies’ College and Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University. Mabel earned honours in the School of Modern History, taught in Oxford High School and, upon her return to Toronto, at Bishop Strachan School for four years. In 1903 she was appointed the second Lady Principal and in 1925 Dean of Women at St. Hilda’s residence, Trinity College. She taught English at Trinity College until her retirement in 1936. In 1925 she was granted a Doctor of Laws (honoris causa) by the University of Toronto. Through the years she held numerous posts including that of resident of the Women's Auxiliary of the Diocese of Toronto.

After Mabel Cartwright’s retirement from St. Hilda’s, she lived at 32 Prince Arthur Avenue in Toronto with her invalid sister Winifred and her friend and former student, (Hilda) Fern Wood until her death in 1955. Born in Orillia, the daughter of Edward A. Wood and Sarah Weafer Wood, Fern Wood (1889-1962) was the executor of Miss Cartwright’s estate.

Plowman Family

  • Family

Mr. Charles (Chas) Plowman and Samuel Plowman were born in Northampton, England in 1853 and 1858. Their Toronto business, The Plowman Brothers, was either a grocery store, a confectionery, or a fruit market. Charles married Ellen Anderton in Toronto while Samuel remained unmarried. Charles and Ellen had three children but only Ella Olive Alberta, born 3 September 1882, survived childhood. Olive Plowman married Francis McCann in 1920.

Ross Family

  • Family

Ralph Ross, BA 1887, BPaed 1908, and his son:
-William Wrighton Eustace Ross, BA 1915 (University College); studentship (half-year), Department of Physics under E. F. Burton, 1919; studentship, 1921-1922 (resigned).

David Lowrey, MB 1879, and his children:
-Mary Evelyn Lowrey, BA 1912 (University College)
-Bertram David Lowrey, MB 1914
-Roy Cathey Lowrey, MB 1905

Rankin Family

  • Family

-Garnet Rankin: Born Perth County, Ontario, 7 December 1887; BASc 1915. Died 23 November 1963
-Roy William Rankin: Born Chicago, Illinois, 9 October 1894; Arts (University College), 1911-1913, MB 1918; died 12 May 1975

Palmer Family

  • Family

"Benson Jones Palmer : Matriculated student, University College, 1868; student in the ‘School of Agriculture’ (University College), 1868-1869(?), 1869-1870 (2nd year)

Elgin Burpe Plamer : Non-matriculated student, University College, 1870-1871; matriculated student, University College, 1871-1872; student in the ‘School of Agriculture’ (University College), 1870-1872

Muckle Family

  • Family

Charles Park Muckle and his daughter, Alice May Muckle, were students of the University of Toronto.

McKeown Family

  • Family

The patriarch was Patrick. His son, Patrick Walter Hughes, attended Upper Canada College, University College (BA 1887) and Trinity Medical College (MD, CM 1889). He established his own practice and by 1900 was, in addition, a demonstrator in surgery in the Medical Faculty at the U of T. He rose tot he position of assistant professor of clinical surgery and served overseas with No. 4 Hospital Unit during the First World War. He married Minnie Woods, a daughter of Alderman John Woods, and they had two children, Walter Woods ("Woody") and Gertrude. Woody attended University College for one year (1911-12) before leaving for England to take law at Cambridge. He served in Europe during the War and, on returning to Canada, attended Osgoode Law School from which he graduated in 1922. Margaret Woods was a sister of Mrs. McKeown and Helen Ryan was a niece.

Students in the Faculty of Arts and Trinity Medical College.

Miller Family

  • Family

Family includes William Lash Miller (former professor of chemistry at University of Toronto), Mrs F.L. Miller, W. Nicholas Miller, and others.

McMurrich (James Playfair) Family

  • Family

-James Playfair McMurrich: BA 1879, MA 1882; Professor of Anatomy and departmental head, 1907-1930. First Dean of Graduate Studies, 1922-1930.
-Kathleen Isabel McMurrich. Diploma in Occupational Physiotherapy, 1931.

McInnes Family

  • Family

Walter John McGill McInnes, student at Toronto School of Medicine, listed as attending 1861-1862 (1862-1863 annual announcement): Born 1843(?), Died 1919. Norman Walter McInnes student in medicine 1893-1897, MB 1897.

McFarlen Family

  • Family

George and Ann McFarlen and their descendants in Canada, including George Walter McFarlen, SPS Dip.1888 (civil engineering); Thomas James McFarlen, SPS Dip. 1893 (civil engineering); Ruth Olive McFarlane, BA (philosophy) 1918 (Victoria); Arthur MacFarlane Toye, BASc 1925 (civil engineering); Walter Newton McFarlen, Arts (teacher's course), 1925-1926; Willena Hilda McFarlen, BA 1932 (Victoria); Deborah Ann McFarlen, BA, 1974 (Victoria), MA 1979; Claire Willena McFarlen, Arts 1980-1983 (University College

George Walter McFarlen; diploma student in civil engineering in the School of Practical Science; SPS Dip. 1888. For biographical sketch see B1982-0015/001.

McLennan/Parks Family

  • Family

The McLennan/Parks Family is one with a long and influential association to the University of Toronto. Sir John C. McLennan put his mark on the teaching and research of physics at the University from his appointment as demonstrator in 1900 to his retirement in 1932 as Dean of the School of Graduate Studies and Chair of the Department of Physics. His sister, Jean McLennan was married to Prof. William Arthur Parks, who was head of the Department of Geology and director of the Palaeontology Museum of the Royal Ontario Museum from 1910 until his retirement in 1935. Their son, Arthur Ewart Park, was a graduate of the Faculty of Medicine (M.D. 1930) and was a noted Toronto doctor.

Hanly Family

  • Family

Students in the School of Practical Science.

J. Bruce Hanly: special student 1888-1889; 1889-1890, 1st year (mechanical engineering); 1890-1891, 1st year (mechanical and electrical engineering); 1891-1892, 2nd year (mechanical and electrical engineering); 1892-1893, 2nd year (mechanical and electrical engineering); 1892-1894, 3rd year (mechanical and electrical engineering). Born 1866, died 22 April, 1937, Midland, Ontario.

Samuel Cyrus Hanly: 1890-1891, 1st year (mechanical and electrical engineering); 1891-1892, 2nd year (mechanical and electrical engineering); 1892-1893, 3rd year (mechanical and electrical engineering). From Wabushene, Simcoe County; died Midland, Ont., 26 January, 1962.

Hastings (John E. F.) Family

  • Family

The Hastings family has a long and honourable history of medical service in Toronto, beginning with Charles John Oliver Hastings (1858-1931), and his brother, Andrew Orr (1855-1918). Charles attended the Ontario College of Pharmacy and both he and Andrew later studied at the Toronto School of Medicine, receiving their MDs from Victoria University in 1885 and 1886 respectively. For almost twenty years (1910-1929) Charles was Medical Officer of Heath for the City of Toronto, setting a standard of excellence and innovation that brought him and his department international acclaim. In 1923 the University of Toronto recognized his contributions by bestowing on him the degree of LLD. Andrew was also a well-known medical practitioner in Toronto.

Their brother, Rowland Beverley, had three sons and a daughter, two of whom figure in this fonds: Elgin Rowland (1886-1958) and Louise. Elgin, like his uncles, attended Markham Collegiate; he then worked for four years before entering medicine at the University of Toronto. He graduated from the five-year program in 1913 and set up his practice on Queen Street East. Louise, never married but she and her sister-in-law, Bessie Gowan Ferguson, were favourite aunts of his son, John.

On 26 December 1925 Elgin married Helen Mary Ferguson (1893-1973), the daughter of Ogle R. and Mary A. Ferguson and a great-granddaughter of Ogle Robert Gowan, first Canadian grand master of the Grand Orange Lodge of British North America. She was born in Cookstown, Ontario on 12 July 1893 and was a public school teacher in Hamilton; just before her marriage she applied for a position in household economics at Central Technical School in Toronto.
Their son, John Elgin Ferguson, was born on 28 June 1928.

John attended the Normal Model School and University of Toronto Schools before following the family tradition by entering the University of Toronto as a pre-medical student in 1945. During these formative years he began developing skills and interests that remained with him for the rest of his life. He was fascinated by politics and, never a bystander, became an active member of the Progressive Conservative Party. His political interests were broad, early on extending to the national and international level, especially to the countries of the emerging Commonwealth. He honed his debating and public speaking skills and indulged in another passion, drama, by writing skits and plays. At UTS he also began developing leadership skills that he was soon to apply, with his strong Christian faith and sense of social justice, at Camp Kagawong, the summer camp for boys that he began attending in the mid-1930s and where he became a counsellor and section leader.

John Hastings received his MD in 1951 and did post-graduate work in public health, receiving his DPH in 1954. For the following two years he was a fellow in preventive medicine in the School of Hygiene, and acquired additional training in international health planning at Johns Hopkins University. At the same time he served as a don of South House in Burwash Hall at Victoria College and made two trips abroad. The first was to India in 1953, as the University of Toronto’s representative to the World University Service International Seminar in Madras. He also attended the first World Conference on Medical Education in London. Two years later, as the faculty’s representative, he attended the WUS International Seminar in Japan and spent a further month studying Japanese medical education and care, sponsored by the World Health Organization.
His report was well received and helped launch his career which would include local, provincial, national and international elements.

Dr. Hastings’ career at the University spanned forty years; at the time of his retirement in 1993 he was Professor of community health and health administration, having held many academic and administrative posts at the University, including (from 1998-1992) associate dean of community health in the Faculty of Medicine. During his long tenure he brought to the University the knowledge gained from his participation in many aspects of community and public health outside the confines of academe.

His expertise was sought constantly by governments and agencies of all stripes. Notable examples within Canada include his study on community health services for the Royal Commission on Health Services (the Hall Commission) (1961-1963); his work (1971-1972) with the Community Health Centre Project, recorded in his “Hastings’ Report”; and his Canadian health administrator study (1978-1981). Internationally, he worked for thirty years as a consultant to and an invited participant in seminars of the World Health Organization, which tried to lure him away to Geneva in the late 1960s. Many of his activities were part of joint WHO/ Pan American Health Organization projects, especially studies of health planning and services in South America and the Caribbean. In the 1980s his work with the WHO was directed largely to helping develop policies in its European offices.

Dr. Hastings was a member of a number of professional associations, mostly relating to public health and including the Canadian Public Health Association; its Ontario, American and Caribbean equivalents, and the Canadian Society for International Health. In 1996-1997 he served as president of the CPHA. He was also made an honorary life member of that body and received its R. D. Defries award for “outstanding contribution to the broad field of public health”, one of several such honours that came his way.

In addition to his professional activities, Dr. Hastings applied his expertise continuously in other areas, especially activities relating to St. Andrew’s United Church in Toronto, the United Church of Canada, and the Canadian Council of Churches’ Vellore/Ludhiana Committee which supported the work of the Christian Medical College in Vellore, India. He also continued his association with Camp Kagawong until shortly before it closed in 1974.

Gibson (Thomas) Family

  • Family

-Thomas Gibson (BA 1897) was president of the class of 1897, director of the Alumni Association, member of the 1921 Committee on U of T.
-Janet Isabel Gibson (BA 1926)
-William Alan Templeton van Every (BA 1926)


  • Family
  • 1909-

George W. Sparling, a Victoria College graduate of 1907 and Methodist missionary had four daughters who attended Victoria College. Ruth Eleanor Sparling was born in 1909 and graduated with the Victoria College class of 3T2. Florence May Sparling was born in 1912 and attended Victoria College for the year of 1929-1930. Margaret Ethel Sparling was born in 1915 and graduated with the Victoria College class of 3T6. Dorothy Evelyn Sparling was born in 1917 and attended Victoria College for the year of 1935-1936.

Besly family

  • Family

Rev. John Besly was born in 1800 and attended Balliol College in Oxford, earning a B.A. He was ordained into the Church of England in 1823, and appointed Vicar of St. Bartholomew in Long Benton, Northumberland in 1830, where he remained until his death in 1868.

Barton Hope Besly served as a Lieutenant in the British army during the Boer War.

MacKinnon-Wrong Family

  • Family

Neil MacKinnon was born in Scotland around 1782. He and his wife, Agnes (Ann) Gillespie, had a number of children, including Christian MacKinnon. Gilbert Wrong Sr. and his wife, Ann (Nancy) Bridgeman, were born in the late 1700s, and were the parents of Gilbert Wrong Jr.

Christian MacKinnon and Gilbert Wrong Jr. were married and settled in Upper Canada, in what is now Elgin County. They had George MacKinnon Wrong on June 25, 1860. He went on to be a lecturer at Wycliffe College, and at the University of Toronto from 1892 until his retirement in 1927.

Dunbar Family

  • Family

William Bowie Dunbar(BASc, ) and John Gardner Dunbar (BA 1913?), graduates of the University of Toronto.

Blake Wrong family

  • Family

Family members include Samuel H. Blake and his wife Rebecca Blake, Edward Blake and Gerald Blake, as well as cousins Murray, Hume and Harold Wrong.

Peterkin Williamson Family

  • Family

Family members include John D. Williamson (B.A. 1910), Marie Peterkin (B.A. 1919), Ruby Peterkin.

Boeschenstein Family

  • Family

The Boeschenstein family traces its roots to the Canton of Schaffhausen in German-speaking Switzerland. B2013-0031 contains documents and records from four generations of the family. The first generation consists of the parents of Hermann Boeschenstein and Lili Schoch. The former’s parents were Hermann and Katharina Boeschenstein (née Krüse). They had three children, two of whom died before Hermann was born. The latter’s parents were Karl and Emma Schoch (née Walter). They had three children: Emmili, Elizabetha (Lili), and Karl.

Hermann, the son of Hermann and Katharina, was born May 1, 1900 in Stein am Rhein, “a charming town in the middle of the river just above Schaffhausen.”[1] Boeschenstein would later claim that all he remembered from his school days was meeting “a girl named Elisabeth Schoch from Schaffhausen.”[2] Boeschenstein began his impressive university career “at the age of nineteen near home, at the University of Zürich” before going on to “[pursue] his studies further in Munich, Berlin, Kiel, Königsberg and Rostock.”[3]

The years following Boeschenstein’s doctoral studies were eventful ones: “He served his term in the Swiss army, took a position as private tutor in Austria, explored Italy and France and then started his Wanderjahre proper with a trip to Canada.”[4] His initial stay in Canada was marked by hard labour as he paid his way across the country by working as a lumberman, farmhand and railway sectionman.[5] It was only in May, 1928 that Boeschenstein returned to Switzerland to marry Lili Schoch.[6]

The newlyweds did not remain in Switzerland for long. In August, 1928, the young couple set out for Toronto to begin the next phase of their life. In Canada, Boeschenstein befriended G.H. Needler, who was then head of the German Department at the University of Toronto.[7] “In the spring of 1930, Professor Needler offered him an appointment in the German Dept., to begin that fall.”[8] Unfortunately, Needler forgot to tell the President about the appointment and Boeschenstein did not begin teaching at the University until 1931 as a result.[9]

Between 1942 and 1946, Boeschenstein took a leave of absence from the University in order to serve as the Director of the War Prisoners’ Aid of the Y.M.C.A.[10] It was in this capacity that Boeschenstein supplied German prisons of war in Canada with up-to-date reading material.[11]

Boeschenstein was made full professor at the University of Toronto in 1948. In 1956, he became head of the Department of German, a position he held until 1967.[12] He was a prolific author throughout his career, authoring 40 articles and nine books, the latter including a two volume history of German literature titled Deutsche Gefühlskultur.[13] Not all of Boeschenstein’s publications were academic: he also published two novels (Die Mutter und der neutral Sohn and Im Roten Ochsen) as well as a collection of short stories.[14] A longtime supporter of German and Swiss clubs in Toronto [15], Boeschenstein was honoured for his work in spreading knowledge of German culture when he received the prestigious Goethe Medal in 1960.[16]

Hermann and Lili had four children together. In order from oldest to youngest, they were: Frank, Gertrude, Tom, and Bill. Hermann passed away “[q]uietly in his home on Tuesday, September 21, 1982, predeceased by his wife Lili.”[17] In addition to three of his children (Tom tragically passed away earlier), he left behind three children-in-law: Carol, Frank, and Claire. [18]

Bailey Family

  • Family

Lloyd Bailey was professor of plant biology in the Department of Botany from 1928 to 1964, when he retired as professor emeritus. His daughter, Nancy Bailey (born 5 April, 1935), received a BA from the University of Toronto in 1957 in English language and literature.

Massey Family

  • Family
  • 1887-1967

Charles Vincent Massey was born on February 20, 1887 in Toronto, the son of Chester Daniel Massey and Anna Vincent. His brother, Raymond Massey, was born nine years later on August 30, 1896.

Vincent Massey attended Jarvis Collegiate and, in 1906, entered University College at the University of Toronto. From 1906 to his graduation in 1910 he was active in many campus activities such as contributor to the Varsity and other campus publications, and chair of the Letters Club. In 1911 he entered Balliol College, Oxford. On his return to Canada in 1913, he was employed as Dean of the Men's residence, Victoria College and as lecturer in history.

In 1915 he married Alice Parkin and a year later welcomed the birth of his first son, Lionel. His second son, Hart, was born in 1918. In 1919 Vincent Massey was instrumental in forming the Massey Foundation from his grandfather's estate. In 1919 Hart House, named in honour of his grandfather, Hart Almerrin Massey, was opened. This was followed by the establishment of Hart House Theatre, in which he was instrumental as patron, director and actor, and later the Hart House String Quartet, which was sponsored and promoted by Vincent and Alice Massey.

Vincent Massey embarked on a long career of public service, as politician and government representative abroad. In 1926 he was appointed Canada's first minister to Washington by the newly elected Liberal government. In 1930 he was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to London by Prime Minister Mackenzie King but resigned shortly following the defeat of Liberal Party by Conservatives led by R.B. Bennett. When the Liberal's returned to power in 1935, he was reappointed High Commissioner to London. He and his wife remained in London throughout the war years. During their years in England they continued to support the arts both in Britain and Canada.

Following their return to Canada in 1946, Massey continued to be involved in Canadian arts and culture, published his book On being Canadian (1948), and from 1949-1951 served as Chairman, Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letter and Sciences. Recommendations from this Commission led to the formation of the Canada Council.

Two years after the death of his wife in 1950 Vincent Massey was appointed the first Canadian born Governor- General of Canada (1952-1959). His son, Lionel, served as his private secretary. Following completion of his term as Governor-General he continued to write, lecture, and serve the arts and culture community. In 1962 he published his autobiography What's past is prologue. In 1957 he had initiated the establishment of Massey College at the University of Toronto. Six years later he attended its official opening. He died in London, England on December 30,1967.

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