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People and organizations

Adaskin, John

  • Person
  • 1908-1964

John Adaskin, conductor, radio producer, administrator, and cellist, was born in Toronto on June 4, 1908 and died in Toronto on March 4, 1964. He was the first program director of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission in 1934 and an ardent supporter of Canadian composers and young musicians. In 1961, he was appointed executive secretary of the Canadian Music Centre where he established the "Graded Educational Music Plan" to promote Canadian music in schools. After his death, this project was renamed the "John Adaskin Project".

John Adaskin Project

  • Corporate body
  • 1961-

The John Adaskin Project started in 1961 as the "Graded Educational Music Plan" by John Adaskin, executive secretary to the Canadian Music Centre (CMC). The initiative was underway by 1962 with a committee of music educators grading and evaluating Canadian repertoire in terms of its suitability for student performers. The project was renamed in its founder's memory in 1965, and became the "John Adaskin Project (Canadian Music for Schools)" in 1973 under the direction of Patricia (Pat) Shand, overseen by the Canadian Music Educators' Association (CMEA) and the CMC. The project organizes workshops, demonstrations, and lectures; publishes research guides; and commissions new works by Canadian composers.

The Toronto Film Society

  • 2017.009
  • Corporate body
  • 1948 - Present

The Toronto Film Society (TFS) is one of Canada’s oldest non-profit film organizations. The TFS was established later when in 1934, the National Film Society in Ottawa was founded, prompting many other film societies to come up in cities all over Canada. One of those film societies was the Vancouver Branch of the National Film Society of Canada organized in 1936. Members of the Vancouver branch were Dorothy and Oscar Burritt. Dorothy, Oscar Burritt, and a group of dedicated film enthusiasts established the Toronto Film Study Group (TFSG) in 1948, eventually becoming the TFS. The TFS is an organization meant to preserve, restore, and meet the demand for films from Canadian and international films. Some films incorporated into the TFS vast collection were once banned, independent, fringe sound and silent films. The new TFSG launched with a 1948 summer series that continues today. Now the TFS does various events such as the annual summer series, BUF series and study group. TFS also partners with the Toronto International Film Festival and other international film festivals.

Woolmer, James Howard

  • Person
  • 1929-2023

James Howard Woolmer was born in Montreal in 1929. He moved to New York City in 1958, where he began a career as a professional bookseller in the early 1960's. In addition to working at his business, J. Howard Woolmer has compiled a number of published bibliographies and collections of note, including A Checklist of the Hogarth Press 1917-1946, and a catalogue as well as a bibliography of Malcolm Lowry's writings. In recent years, Mr. Woolmer has built collections relating to American poets, Irish poets, American Jewish writers and Irish theatre for the Firestone Library at Princeton University.

Woolmer died in 2023.

Grigsby, Wayne

  • 2022.023
  • Person
  • 1947 - present

Wayne Grigsby was born in 1947 in Calgary, Alberta, and is an award-winning Canadian writer and producer. Grigsby started his career in writing as a journalist, mainly in the arts and entertainment sector, for many publications such as Maclean’s magazine and the Globe and Mail. Grigsby was also one of the founders of Big Motion Pictures, a film and television production company that focuses on scripted drama for distribution on all platforms. Launched by Wayne Grigsby and David MacLeod in 1999, Big Motion Pictures produced content, such as the multiple Gemini award-winning mini-series Trudeau: The Man, The Myth, The Movie (2002) and the international hit mini-series Sex Traffic. Grigsby is also well-known for his work on the series North of 60 (1992), E.N.G. (1989), and Snakes & Ladders (2004).

Millman, Thomas Reagh

  • Person
  • 1905 - 1966

Thomas Reagh Millman was born in Kensington, Prince Edward Island on June 14, 1905. He was educated at Prince of Wales College, Charlottetown, University College, Toronto (B.A. 1931, M.A. 1933), Wycliffe College (L.Th. 1933, B.D. 1938) and McGill University where he received his doctorate in 1943, which was published with the University of Toronto Press (1947).
He was ordained deacon in 1933 and ordained priest in 1934. From 1935 until 1941 Dr. Millman was lecturer and dean of residence at the Montreal Diocesan Theological College. From 1950-1954 he was professor of church history at Huron College, London, Ontario, and from 1954 until he retired in 1974 he was professor of church history at Wycliffe College. He was also associated with the Toronto School of Theology. He was awarded the degree of D.D. by the University of Western Ontario in 1953, by Wycliffe College in 1974 and Trinity College in 1977 and the degree of D.C.L. by the University of King’s College, Halifax in 1974.
As a parish priest Dr. Millman served first at Grafton in the Diocese of Toronto, then from 1941 to 1949 he was rector of Dunham and Frelighsberg (St. Armand East) in the Diocese of Montreal and finally at Alvinston with Inwood in the Diocese of Huron. He was made a Canon of St. James Cathedral, Toronto in 1969 and was an honorary assistant for over 40 years at St. Timothy’s Church, Toronto.
Dr. Millman was the first archivist of the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada, serving from 1955 until 1974, as well as a founder of the Canadian Church Historical Society. While in the Diocese of Montreal he was one of the founders of the Montreal Diocesan Archives, along with the Reverends S.B. Lindsay and R.K. Naylor and Professor J.I. Cooper.
Dr. Millman was a church historian who published many works. His first two books were biographies, Jacob Mountain, First Lord Bishop of Quebec (1947) and The Life of the Right Reverend, the Honourable Charles Stewart, Second Anglican Bishop of Quebec (1953). In 1983 he published Atlantic Canada to 1900: A History of the Anglican Church, which was started by Canon A.R. Kelly; Dr. Millman completed the book after the death of Canon Kelly in 1961. Dr. Millman was also a contributor to the Dictionary of Canadian Biography and was also published in the Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society.
Dr. Millman married Margaret McLeod of Lennoxville, Quebec in 1944. She died in 1991.
Dr. Millman died on November 22, 1996 in Toronto. His funeral took place on November 25, 1996 at St. Timothy’s Church, Toronto. He is buried at St. Stephens, Irishtown, Prince Edward Island.

Jakob Jocz

  • Person
  • 1906 - 1983

Jakob Jocz was born in Vilno, Lithuania, on October 18, 1906. His father was Basil Jocz. Jocz married Joan Alice Gapp in 1936, in London, United Kingdom. They had three daughters and one son; Elizabeth Anne, Winifred Mary, Christine Joan, and Philip Vernon Jocz.

Jocz began his studies at the Methodist Episcopal Seminary in Frankfurt, Germany. He completed his studies there in 1932 and graduated with a Masters degree. From there he attended St. Aidan's College in Birkenhead, Cheshire, England. He was ordained Deacon in the Church of England in August 1935 by the Bishop of Fulham and was ordained as a Priest in August 1936. He graduated from New College in Edinburgh in 1943 with a Ph.D. and D. Litt.

Jocz was sent by the organization Church Missions to the Jews as a Chaplain of the Anglican Church in Warsaw, Poland where he served from 1935-1939. In 1939 he returned to England on holiday and was prevented from returning to Warsaw by the outbreak of World War II. He lead the Church Missions to the Jews in London, United Kingdom from 1939 –1948. He served as a lecturer at Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland in 1948, and as Rector at St. John's, Hampstead, London from 1948 to 1956. He immigrated to Canada in 1956, and was appointed as Priest-in-Charge and Superintendent of the Nathanael Institute, Toronto, October 1, 1956, which was concerned with missions to the Jews. On September 1, 1960 he accepted a position as a Professor of Systematic Theology at Wycliffe College, University of Toronto. He was appointed Bishop's examining Chaplain March 15, 1965 and held the position until August 31, 1975. From March 4, 1969 to February 1, 1976 he was Honorary Assistant at the Church of St. Alban-the-Martyr, Toronto and served as Priest-in-Charge for a short time. Jocz retired from active ministry and from his position with Wycliffe College on June 30, 1976. In September 1979 he accepted the appointment of Honorary Assistant at the Church of the Messiah, Toronto and then later the position of Priest-in-Charge.

Jocz wrote on the theme of Christian and Jewish relations. He had nine books published, and wrote a column for the Canadian Churchman from 1972 to January 1980. He was President of the International Hebrew Christian Alliance beginning in 1955.

Jocz passed away on August 14, 1983. His funeral was held at the Church of the Messiah on Sunday August 21, 1983.

Sandler, Robert

  • 2022.015
  • Person

Robert Sandler is a Canadian writer and producer with many memorable Television credits to his name. Sandler is credited as ‘Bob Sandler’ in some scripts and Television credits. He is most well-known for his writing in children’s programs such as Fraggle Rock, beginning in the second season, Sesame Street Canada, The Adventures of Moby Dick, and many television series and TV movies. His other work includes scripting various Canadian productions such as Under the Umbrella Tree, the law drama Street Legal, The Argon Quest with Terry Angus, and production duties on the investment banker drama Traders. He later served as co-creator and executive producer of the semi-documentary series 72 Hours: True Crime. Robert Sandler is also the President of the Video production company Creative Anarchy Inc. His production company, Creative Anarchy Inc., established in 1997, has made the pioneering documentary/re-enactment series on crime called Exhibit A: Secrets of Forensic Science.

Manson, Robert Graham

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1883-1950

Robert Graham Manson was a violinist, violist, pianist, and composer. Born in London, England on July 11, 1883, Manson studied at the Royal College of Music (1900-1903) with Arthur Somervell, Sir Frederick Bridge, and Sir Charles Villiers Stanford. After graduation, he performed with the Scottish Orchestra and London Symphony Orchestra before he emigrated to North America and joined the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sokoloff; Toronto Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Frank Welsman; and New Symphony Orchestra of Toronto, conducted by Dr. Von Kunits.

After World War I, during which he served in the British Expeditionary Force, Manson returned to Canada to work with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, with whom he performed for more than 20 years. He also performed with the Spivak String Quartet, and wrote various compositions. Manson also taught at the Hambourg Conservatory of Music in Toronto.

His compositions exist in manuscript form only. Helmut Kallmann's Catalogue of Canadian Composers (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1952) lists eight manuscripts:

  • Symphony in C minor
  • An Atlantean episode
  • Niagara
  • Canadian fantasy
  • Ukrainian fantasy
  • Quintet in F major
  • Quartet in D major
  • Alouette.

The collection of manuscripts at the University of Toronto Music Library also includes Symphony in G minor, which was premiered in County Orange Hall by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Donald Heins; Symphony in D major; and two of Manson's arrangements.

Manson died in Toronto on February 14, 1950.

Murakami, Michael

  • Person
  • 1943-

Michael Murakami was born July 7, 1943 in Kaslo, B.C. His mother, Aiko Murakami (nee. Kondo) was born in Steveston, B.C. in 1917, and grew up in Victoria, B.C. after the Kondo family moved to the area in 1918. Michael’s father, David Masawo Murakami, was born in Vancouver, B.C. in 1917.

The Kondo family began their life in Canada when Shinjiro Kondo, a fish broker, traveled to Victoria in 1900 from Wakayama, Japan. He began work as a fisherman in Steveston, and in 1908 he sponsored Kinu to come to Canada to join him as his wife. Together they had five children, Tohachiro also known as Toki (1909), Matsuye (1910), Fusako (1912), Eichi (1914), Aiko (1917), and a sixth after moving to Victoria, Fumiko also known as Finks (1921).

In Victoria, Shinjiro began again as a fish broker, selling to Chinese restaurants in the area. He also spent his time volunteering for the Japanese Language school and became a Buddhist lay minister. Kinu who was trained as a dressmaker made children’s clothes, adding to the family’s income. The family was close to the Shimizus and Aiko became close to their daughter. Aiko was encouraged to finish highschool and eventually went into bookkeeping. She was an active member of the Japanese Canadian Citizen League and participated in their conventions with her brother Eichi. Like many women at the time, Aiko worked as a domestic and eventually took up dressmaking. Through these career choices she was able to move to Vancouver and attend Marietta’s School of Costume Design.

David Murakami was the youngest of three siblings. His parents had emigrated from the Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan and had settled in Vancouver across the street from Hastings Park. David worked as a fisherman, along the Skeena River. He held Captain’s papers and also worked as a skipper.

Aiko and David met at a New Years Eve party in 1941, and on May 7, 1942, they married at the Powell Street Japanese United Church. Eiko Henmi was the maid of honour, with Thomas Shoyama as the best man. Their courtship was in the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and so the couple were quickly sent to Kaslo, B.C. only 10 days after getting married.

The newlyweds joined many other Japanese Canadians who were also forcibly uprooted and moved to the interior of B.C. David worked as a truck driver for the B.C. Securities Commission and Aiko worked in the local Commission office. David was also named the official photographer in the Kalso internment camp by the B.C. Securities Commission, an important title as cameras had been forbidden to Japanese Canadians. In 1943, their son Michael was born. By 1944 the family moved to New Denver for David’s health. New Denver, B.C. had a recent sanitorium built for interned Japanese Canadians. It was often called “The San”. In New Denver, Aiko began teaching at the New Denver Orchard internment camp school, the elementary school for Japanese Canadians, and when they left in February 1947, she had been appointed principal.

The family eventually moved to Hamilton, then Toronto, ON. Aiko began to work as a secretary for Mitsui’s Canadian office and David became a watchmaker. David served on the board for the Watchmakers Association of Ontario for many years. During her free time, Aiko volunteered for the Toronto Nisei Women’s Club, and also served as president.

During the 1980s both Aiko and David were active in the Redress movement. Both marched on Parliament Hill in April 1988. On September 22, 1988, it was Aiko who ensured the Japanese flag was removed at Westbury Hotel after someone wrongfully included it along with the Canadian flag. In 1988 Aiko and David moved to Edmonton to be with their son Michael and his family. They both continued their work with the Redress movement, helping to organize Edmonton’s celebrations for the monumental victory. Aiko also served as the regional Redress Coordinator in the area.

David Murakami passed away in Edmonton, A.B. in 1992. Aiko Murakami passed away in Toronto, O.N. in 2020.

Hirabayashi, Gordon

  • Person
  • 1918-2012

Gordon Hirabayashi was born April 23, 1918 in Sandpoint, Washington, USA. His father, Shungo Hirabayashi, immigrated to the United States in 1907, and Mitsuko, Gordon’s mother, came to the United States in 1914. Both of Gordon’s parents came from the Nagano prefecture in Japan. Prior to immigrating to the United States, both Shungo and Mitsuko had studied English at Kenshi Gijuku academy in Japan and it was there that they converted to Christianity.

Hirabayashi went to study at the University of Washington in 1937. He was active with the YMCA and attended a leadership conference at Columbia University in the summer of 1940. After that summer he returned to University and registered with the Selective Service as a conscientious objector and joined the Religious Society of Friends. Though born in the United States and thus a citizen, as a Japanese American his rights were continually encroached upon during WWII. President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated the mass removal and internment of Japanese Americans from the West Coast on February 19, 1942 with Executive Order 9066. Instead of following these orders, Hirabayashi began to resist. He left school and began to volunteer with the American Friends Service Committee and defied the newly placed curfew on those of Japanese Ancestry.

In order to create a test case against these new laws, Hirabayashi turned himself into the FBI for not obeying the imposed curfew. He argued he was not guilty as the laws were prejudice and unconstitutional. His case, Hirabayashi v. United States, (320 U.S. 81) culminated with him serving time in prison. After his release, he spent another year in prison after refusing to complete the Selective Service Form 304A, "The Statement of United States Citizens of Japanese Ancestry" from the draft board as it singled out Japanese Americans.
After the war, Hirabayashi completed his B.A., then went on to earn an M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Washington. He taught around the world, and eventually settled in Edmonton at the University of Alberta in 1959. In 1987, shortly after his retirement, lawyers contacted him seeking permission to reopen his wartime conviction. That year the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of his case, vacating his personal conviction.

Gordon Hirabayashi passed away on January 2, 2012. Later that year he was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama for his stand against Japanese American internment.

McTaggart, Douglas Graham

  • Person
  • 1931-2011

Douglas Graham McTaggart was born in Toronto on September 30, 1931. He attended Rawlinson Public School and Forest Hill Collegiate prior to earning a B.A. in 1951 from Victoria College at the University of Toronto. Throughout high school and university, he participated in intramural football and track and field. He was also a chartered member of the Sports College Canadian Testing Group founded by Lloyd Percival and competed at Madison Square Gardens in New York as well as various other arenas in Chicago, Montreal, and Hamilton. He died on July 22, 2011.

Flint, Maurice Sydney

  • 124
  • Person
  • 1913-2000

Maurice Sydney Flint was born in London, England on June 5, 1913 to Randolph Rymer Flint, a stereotyper, and Kate Elizabeth Wood. In 1936, he concluded his studies at Tyndale Hall at the Bible Churchmen’s Missionary and Theological College in Bristol, and was ordained a Deacon at St. Paul’s in London. He immediately left for missionary work in the Canadian Arctic and served at Pond Inlet on north Baffin Island, from 1936 to 1941. After learning the language, he translated many biblical books, expositions, catechisms, and a dictionary of difficult New Testament terms into Inuktitut. He also wrote the English lesson book for Eskimo children (1946) and the Revised Eskimo Grammar Book: from the work of Rev. E.J. Peck (1954), and translated Pilgrim’s Progress (1956), which was published accompanied by Inuit drawings. In addition to his missionary work in this region, Flint is recognized as the first white man to cross Baffin Island by dog sled, and Flint Lake, located in central Baffin Island, is named in his honour.

During World War II, Flint was commissioned as a Squadron Leader and served as Chaplain for the Royal Air Force, stationed throughout Canada from 1941 to 1944, and in Nassau, Bahamas, from 1944 to 1945. On June 5th, 1943, he married Honora Chew Atkins, and they had two daughters: Elizabeth Norah Chew Flint in 1944, and Kathryn Louise Flint in 1949. After the war, Flint served as Scripture Union Director and the Canadian representative for the Children’s Special Service Mission, from 1945-1947. He was Assistant at Toronto’s Church of Messiah from 1947 to 1950, and studied at the University of Toronto, earning a BA from University College and an L.Th (Certificate of Licentiate in Theology) from Wycliffe College, both in 1950. He then moved to Massachusetts, where he served as Priest in Charge at St. James in Roxbury and earned an STM (Master of Sacred Theology) from Boston University in 1951.

Flint returned to Toronto in 1951 and was appointed Priest-in-Charge (and later Rector) of Little Trinity Church, which he helped revive and save from closure. He left Little Trinity in 1956. From 1953 to 1962, Flint ministered to convicted female narcotic addicts as part-time Chaplain at the Mercer Reformatory in Toronto. He also served on the Mayor of Toronto’s Citizens’ Committee for the Investigation of Narcotic Addiction and Vice in Metropolitan Toronto in 1959. In 1964, Flint received his PhD in the Psychology of Religion at Boston and in 1967, he received the Governor General’s Centennial Medal,

Flint’s teaching career began in 1961 at Wycliffe College, where he lectured on pastoral counselling, pastoral psychology, and the psychology of religion until 1980. He also lectured on urban sociology at the Ecumenical Institute, from 1962 to 1969. Flint continued his ministry, serving as Director of Chaplaincy in the Ontario Department of Reform Institutions (later the Ministry of Correctional Services) from 1963 to 1972 and as Co-ordinator of Chaplaincy Services for the Ontario Civil Service Commission, from 1972 to 1978. In 1978 he received a citation from the Premier of the Province of Ontario, for twenty-five years of public service on behalf of the government and people of Ontario. That same year, Wycliffe College conferred him the honourary degree, Doctor of Divinity.

In the 1980s, Flint developed “A Course in Pastoral Counseling,” a series of written and audio lectures, which he used to promote international improvement in clergy education, especially in Antigua, Jamaica, and Malaysia. In 1987, he started the Flint Trust at Wycliffe College, to promote teaching missions in parishes.

In addition to his books of Inuktitut translations and grammar, Maurice Sydney Flint wrote the following published works: The Arctic: land of snowmen (1948), Operation canon: a short account of the life and witness of the Reverend John Hudspith (1949), Treasure within: the influence of the church upon the penal system in England (1968), and A touch of heaven: thirty-five years of the Chapel-By-The-Sea 1949-1984 (1984). In 1991, he finished A work book for the study of Innuktetut, a volume of over 800 pages.

Flint never finished working on his autobiography, No Greater Privilege, and died in his home in Oakville, Ontario, on August 13th, 2000.

Slater, John Greer

  • Person
  • 1930-2022

John Greer Slater was born in the United States on June 1st, 1930 and immigrated to Canada in the mid 1960’s. His major research interest is the philosopher Bertrand Russell. During his time at the University of Toronto, Professor Slater assembled the world’s largest collection of print material by and about Bertrand Russell. The collection comprises approximately 10,000 items, and helped establish the University of Toronto as a major centre for Russell studies. He also donated 8,500 philosophy books to the Fisher Rare Book Library in 1990 that form a complete collection of American, Canadian and Australian philosophy from 1870 to the time of donation.

Professor Slater earned a B.A. with High Honours from the University of Florida in 1955, followed by an M.A. in Philosophy from the University of Michigan in 1956. He completed his Ph.D. in Philosophy at the University of Michigan in 1961. The title of his Ph.D. thesis was A Methodological Study of Ordinary Language of Philosophy.

Following his doctoral studies, Professor Slater was a teaching fellow, instructor, and part-time lecturer at the University of Michigan between 1956 and 1961. He was then an instructor at Wayne State University for the spring term of 1960 and 1961. Following those positions, Professor Slater was an assistant professor of Philosophy at the University of Houston, before being awarded tenure and being appointed to the Graduate School at the University of Toronto in 1964. Professor Slater was an associate professor of Philosophy from 1964 until 1988, when he was promoted to Professor.

Professor Slater mainly taught courses on the history of philosophy, logic, and the foundations of mathematics. He taught Logic, Knowledge and Reality; Modern Symbolic Logic; Bertrand Russell; and Introduction to Political Philosophy at the undergraduate level as well as Political Philosophy; Modern Logic; and Bradley and Russell at the graduate level.

At the University of Toronto Professor Slater held a number of administrative positions. Between 1969 and 1974 he served as chairman of the Department of Philosophy, chairman of the Graduate Department of Philosophy, and chairman of the Department of Ethics at University College simultaneously. Between 1981 and 1985 he was acting chairman of the Department of Philosophy, and he also served on all of the department’s standing committees as well as a number of its ad hoc committees.

Professor Slater was also active in a number of professional associations, including the American Philosophical Association, the Canadian Philosophical Association, where he served on the Executive Committee between 1969 and 1972, and the Ontario Philosophical Society.

Throughout his career, Professor Slater edited five volumes of The Collected Papers of Bertrand Russell, for which he won three SSHRC grants. He also edited five other books, including Pragmatism and Purpose: Essays Presented to Thomas A. Goudge (1981), and wrote a chapter of the book Russell in Review (1976). Professor Slater wrote a number of articles, book introductions, book reviews, papers and addresses, the majority of which reflected his research on Bertrand Russell as well as Logic and Philosophy. Between 1970 and 1983, Professor Slater served on the Bertrand Russell Archives Advisory Committee, and he has been a member of the Editorial Board of Russell since 1970.

Professor Slater has received honours for his work, including National Science Foundation Fellowship, Woodrow Wilson Fellow. He is also a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, and Phi Eta Sigma. Professor Slater retired officially on July 1, 1995. He died on November 19, 2022.

Morgan, Kathryn Pauly

  • Person
  • 1943-2022

Kathryn Pauly Morgan (1943-2022) was a white feminist philosopher and Professor of Philosophy and Women’s Studies at the University of Toronto, where she taught from 1974-2013. She played a prominent role in the development of Women’s Studies as an academic discipline at the University of Toronto, from its early days as an undergraduate program (one of the first in Canada) through to the launch of the Graduate Collaborative Program in Women’s Studies in 1994-95, the creation of the Institute for Women’s Studies and Gender Studies in 1999 (now Women & Gender Studies Institute) and the admission of graduate students in Women & Gender Studies. She researched, published, and taught in the areas of philosophy of education, feminist ethics and bioethics, women and health, feminist philosophy of the body, and gender and techno-science.

Morgan was born on August 20th, 1943 in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. She earned a B.A. from Alverno College (Milwaukee, WI) in 1965 and subsequently pursued graduate studies in philosophy at Johns Hopkins University. She obtained her PhD in 1973, writing her dissertation on Descartes, Merleau-Ponty, and the knowledge of the self. She also earned an M.Ed. in Educational Foundations from the University of Alberta in 1972.

In 1974, Morgan began working at the University of Toronto on sessional contracts, first in the Department of Philosophy, and later also in Women’s Studies. In 1980 she was the recipient of the Ontario Council of University Faculty Associations (OCUFA) Award for Excellence in Teaching. She was appointed Associate Professor (with tenure) in 1983 and Full Professor in 1989. In addition, she became a member of the Joint Centre for Bioethics in 1990 and was cross-appointed to the Institute of Medical Science from 1992-1998.

Alongside Kay Armatage and Sylvia Van Kirk, in the early 1980s, she helped develop and co-taught Introduction to Women’s Studies (NEW 260). She also taught courses on the topics of Scientific Perspectives on Sex and Gender, Women in Western Political Thought, Women and Health, Philosophy of Feminism, Philosophy of Human Sexuality, Gender and Disability.

From 1989-1993, she chaired the School of Graduate Studies (SGS) Gender Issues Committee which was tasked to advance gender equity at SGS and raise retention rates for women. The committee undertook a large empirical research project, surveying all female graduate students at the U of T (approximately 4000) and 1000 male graduate students.

Morgan was active in numerous professional organizations including the Society for Women in Philosophy (SWIP), the Canadian Society for Women in Philosophy (CSWIP), the Philosophy of Education Society (PES), the National Women’s Studies Association (NWSA), the Canadian Women’s Studies Association (CWSA), and the International Network on Feminist Approaches to Bioethics (FAB). She was also involved in the establishment of the journal Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy in 1984.

She published numerous papers on her diverse research interests, which included sexuality, gender, cosmetic surgery, reproductive technologies, and romantic love. Some of her most highly regarded and creatively titled papers are: “The Paradox of the Bearded Mother: The Role of Authority in Feminist Pedagogy”, “Women and the Knife: Cosmetic Surgery and the Colonization of Women’s Bodies”, “Of Woman Born? How Old Fashioned! Reproductive Technology and Women's Oppression”, “From Ugly Duckling to TechnoSwan: a Foucauldian Analysis of Biomedicalized Aesthetics”, and “Gender Police”. Published books include The Gender Question in Education: Theory, Pedagogy and Politics (1996), co-authored with Ann Diller, Barbara Houston, and Maryann Ayim (Westview Press/Harper Collins) and The Politics of Women's Health: Exploring Agency and Autonomy (1998), a co-authored, collaborative book with the SSHRC-funded Feminist Health Care Ethics Research Network (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1998).

Morgan retired from University of Toronto in 2013, the same year the first class of doctoral students were admitted to the Women & Gender Studies Institute. She died on 16 September 2022 in Toronto.

University of Toronto. Faculty of Forestry

  • Corporate body
  • 1907-current

The Faculty of Forestry was established in February 14, 1907. The name was changed to the Faculty of Forestry and Landscape Architecture on July 1, 1975 upon the merger of the Faculty of Forestry with the Department of Landscape Architecture. On July 1, 1979, the name of the faculty was changed back to the Faculty of Forestry when the Department of Landscape Architecture attaining independent standing.

de Brettes, Joseph

  • Person
  • 1861-1934

Joseph de Brettes (1861-1934) was a French explorer, surveyor, and author, as well as a businessman and delegate. De Brettes made two geographical explorations to the interior regions of Gran Chaco in South America, first in 1886, and again in 1888. From 1892 to 1893 he was exploring Colombia and making sociological and ethnographical observations of the Arhuaco and the Ahuaco-Kagaba Indigenous peoples (Kogi People)in the Sierra Nevada region. After a sojourn in France, he returned for further exploration in Colombia from 1895 to 1898.

Blake Wrong family

  • Family

Family members include Samuel H. Blake and his wife Rebecca Blake, Edward Blake and Gerald Blake, as well as cousins Murray, Hume and Harold Wrong.

Samuel H. Blake is the brother of Edward Blake (1833-1912). Rebecca Blake is the sister of Margaret Blake (1837-1917).

Blake, Margaret

  • Person
  • 1837-1917

Margaret Blake was born in 1837, the daughter of the Right Reverend Benjamin Cronyn, Bishop of Huron, and in 1858 married Dominick Edward Blake, the eldest son of William Hume Blake, a lawyer who was chancellor of Upper Canada (1849-1862) and of the University of Toronto (1853-1856). Her sister, Rebecca, married Edward’s brother, Samuel Hume Blake, who was a partner in his law firm and later sat on the senate of the University of Toronto. Edward Blake was a prominent lawyer and politician, sometime premier of Ontario (1871-1872), leader of the federal Liberal Party (1879-1887) and chancellor of the University of Toronto (1876 to 1900) who in 1892 was returned to the British House of Commons as an MP for South Longford. His health in decline, Blake resigned his seat in 1907 and he and Margaret returned to Toronto. Soon after he suffered a debilitating stroke and died on 1 March 1912. Margaret followed on 2 April 1917.

The Blakes had four children: Sophia Hume, Edward William Hume, Edward Francis (Ned), and Samuel Verschoyle. Sophia married George MacKinnon Wrong. Hume Blake attended University College at the University of Toronto (BA1884) and was a prominent Toronto financier and sportsman who died in 1930. Ned was born in 1866; his wife was Ethel Mary Benson. (Another member of this family was Clara Cynthia Benson, the first woman professor at the University of Toronto; the Bensons were also related to the family of John Galbraith, first dean of the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering.) Ned’s eldest son, Gerald Edward Blake, attended University College (BA 1914), fought in France during World War I and was killed on 23 July 1916. Samuel Blake was born in 1868, attended University College (1887-1888)and Osgoode Hall, and moved to London, England with his parents, where he practiced law and pursued his love of literature. He married Florence Cameron, daughter of John Cameron of London, Ontario and sometime editor of the Globe. They had no children. He dropped dead from a heart attack on a golf course in 1923. A similar fate awaited his cousin, William Hume Blake (BA 1882), a year later on a golf course near Victoria, BC.

The Blakes owned two houses, Le Caprice and Maison Rouge, in Murray Bay (now La Mal Baie), about 160 kilometers downriver from Quebec City. Here the extended family spent most summers. William Hume Blake and his family were among the first to summer there regularly, perhaps from the early1860s (Edward Blake had ‘Maison Rouge’ built in 1874). The place was also popular with American families from the mid-west, such as the Harlans and Tafts –they produced a future Supreme Court justice and President, respectively. William Howard Taft and his wife were family friends and correspondents. The residences were sited on the west side of the bay at Pointe-au-Pic. Le Caprice, in particular, figures in the family photo albums; it burned down in a spectacular blaze in the summer of 1914 as the male Wrongs and Blakes threw furniture out the windows. In England, Edward Blake rented, as a retreat from London, rooms at Bamburg Castle near Whitby from the Duke of Northumberland. This arrangement was continued for a time after World War I by the next generation of the family.

Wrong, George MacKinnon

  • Person
  • 1860-1948

George MacKinnon Wrong, the son of Gilbert and Christina MacKinnon Wrong, was born on a farm at Grovesend, Elgin County, Canada West on 25 June 1860. In 1886 he married Sophia Hume Blake, the eldest daughter of Edward Blake, chancellor of the University of Toronto and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. They had five children, Margaret (Marga), Murray, Harold, Hume and Agnes (Polly). His wife died in 1931 and two years later he married Elizabeth Durgwynne, an Englishwoman with extensive nursing experience who had come to Canada two years earlier.

Wrong was educated at Wycliffe College and the University of Toronto (BA 1883, MA 1886), taking post-graduate work at Oxford and Berlin. He was ordained a minister of the Church of England in 1883 and from 1883 to1892 was lecturer in history and apologetics at Wycliffe College. In 1892 he was appointed lecturer in history at the University of Toronto and promoted to professor and head of the department in 1894. He remained in that position until his retirement in 1927 and was recognized as a superb lecturer. He introduced Canadian history into the curriculum and in 1904 founded the University of Toronto Historical Club, with its dominant interest in public affairs. His three sons were all to be members of the Club, though never at the same time. In retirement, Wrong devoted himself to writing, community and educational causes. In January 1929 he was elected president of the Ontario division of the Canadian Red Cross Society. Later that year he represented Canada at the 3rd Institute of Pacific Relations Conference in Kyoto, Japan.

He founded, in 1897, the Review of Historical Publications Relating to Canada, predecessor to the Canadian Historical Review. In 1905 he helped found the Champlain Society, was its editorial secretary until 1922, and its president from 1924-1928. Besides several text-books on British and Canadian history, he was the author of The Crusade of 1383 (1892), The Earl of Elgin (1906), A Canadian Manor and its Seigneurs (1908), The Fall of Canada (1914), Washington and his Comrades in Arms (1921), The Rise and Fall of New France (1928), Canada and the American Revolution (1935) and The Canadians (1938). He edited for the Champlain Society Sagard's Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons (1939) and was co-editor with H.H. Langton of The Chronicles of Canada (32 volumes, 1914-16). For a complete list of his publications see W. Stewart Wallace, “The life and work of George M. Wrong” Canadian Historical Review, 29, 3 (Sept.1948) 238-239.

Wrong was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1908 and received the honorary degree of LLD from McGill University in 1919 and University of Toronto in 1941. In 1936 his portrait, painted by Sir Wyly Grier, was presented to the Department of History at the University. In 1944 he was elected an honorary member of the American Historical Association, the third person to receive that honour. Professor Wrong died in Toronto on 29 June 1948.

The Wrongs had residences in Toronto at 467 Jarvis Street and later at 73 Walmer Road, where they were generous and hospitable hosts. After the death of Edward Blake, George bought property that included a miller’s house on a pond at Canton north of Port Hope. In the summer of 1929 he offered to sell the rights to the mill and dam to his former pupil, Vincent Massey, but no agreement was reached until the early 1930s, when George was suffering financially from the stock market crash. Vincent Massey then erected his residence, Batterwood, on the property.

Wrong, Sophia Hume

  • Person
  • 1859-1931

Sophia Hume Wrong, the eldest daughter of Edward Blake and Frances Margaret Cronyn, was born in Toronto in 1859. She was educated privately (women were not allowed to attend the University of Toronto until the autumn of 1884) and in September 1886 married George MacKinnon Wrong. For much of her married life she lived at 467 Jarvis Street. She was described as “a little withdrawn in manner, almost shy…[but] with great strength and sweetness, courage and singleness of mind…she was the centre of gravity of the gay and many-sided life of that home.” In 1917, the family moved to 73 Walmer Road. From about 1923 her health declined and she died of pneumonia on 17 February 1931.

SRO Management

  • Corporate body
  • 1973-2015

Ray Danniels was a booker and talent manager in Toronto. Danniels became acquainted with the members of Rush, a Willowdale, Ontario band, when they were all high school students. Danniels began to book the band – then composed of members Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson, and John Rutsey - for the high school circuit, which included a church basement youth drop-in center called The Coffin. In 1971, Danniels became the band’s full-time agent and manager. There was just one problem: Danniels could not find a single record label in Canada willing to release the band’s music. Undeterred, Danniels sold his booking agency and teamed up with Vic Wilson to start their own management company and record label, SRO and Moon Records, respectively. Under the Moon label, Danniels fronted the money for Rush to start recording. The band released their first single in 1973, a cover of Buddy Holly’s “Not Fade Away.” The single sold a few thousand copies, mainly in Southern Ontario. In the spring of 1974, their self-titled debut album followed. This too received a fair amount of airplay in Southern Ontario, as well as south of the border, when the album was played on a Cleveland area radio station.
With cross-border recognition, Danniels signed Rush with an American talent agent, ATI, and the band also signed a major record deal with Mercury. Rush was set to begin touring extensively, but on the eve of their first big U.S. tour, Rutsey left the band. Auditions for a new drummer were held, and the band chose Neil Peart, who was to become the band’s chief lyricist. By the end of the U.S. tour, Rush had cracked the Billboard charts, and another album, “Fly by Night,” followed in 1975. The album was a hit in Canada, selling 100,000 copies and reaching No. 9 on the charts. It was certified platinum in both the United States and Canada. Through the 1970s, Rush would continue to tour and to release albums, including “Caress of Steel,” “2112” the live album “All the World’s a Stage,” “A Farewell to Kings” and “Hemispheres.”
Meanwhile, Danniels expanded SRO's roster of talent. He signed Toronto-area rock bands such as Max Webster, Liverpool, and A Foot in Coldwater, as well as solo artists Ian Thomas and Moe Koffman. Alongside Vic Wilson, Danniels also continued to expand his business, and SRO quickly became more than simply a management company. Its associated divisions covered a full range of music business activities including recording, songwriting and publishing, and merchandising. In the mid 1970s, Danniels and Wilson created two new record labels, Taurus Records and Anthem Records to showcase their artists. Moon Merchandising was established to handle merchandising rights – which would soon become a major revenue stream. At this time, Pegi Cecconi, a former SRO employee, rejoined the company, and helped to launch the additional divisions, Brandy Publishing, Core Music, and Mark-Cain Music, which handled songwriting and publishing.
Handling artist management, recording, publishing, and merchandising (known in the industry as the 360 deal) gave Danniels and Wilson (who left the company in 1980) the opportunity to sign, record and publish a diverse array of artists. In the 1980s, the company would go on to represent acts as varied as Coney Hatch, Lawrence Gowan, Mendelson Joe, Spoons, and BB Gabor. In addition to music, SRO/Anthem would also make its mark on Canadian comedy, with Anthem Records releasing the Bob and Doug McKenzie comedy album “The Great White North,” as well as “The Wankers’ Guide to Canada,” which featured the talents of SCTV alums Eugene Levy, Martin Short, and Catherine O’Hara.
SRO’s independence also gave Rush a certain measure freedom from major label interference, particularly as the band’s sound became more experimental, synth-driven, and progressive through the late 70s and early 80s. Drummer Neil Peart was once quoted as saying “We just complete a record, do the artwork, master it, and then present [Anthem Records] with a finished work rather than kibitzing [with label executives] all the way along from the demos. We just tell Ray our silly idea, and he makes it work."
A canny negotiator, Danniels excluded Canada as a territory when signing multinational recording contracts. With Anthem as the Canadian record company, Danniels and SRO’s artists had more control over how their music was released. Danniels once noted: “By having Anthem, every time the U.S. label wanted to do things differently than what the band or I wanted, and they told us ‘No,’ we had the ability to have the tail wag the dog instead of the dog wag the tail. It was the ability to say, ‘Fine, if you don’t want to release it until September, we are releasing it in May [in Canada].’” If the American label was reluctant to support a single, Danniels could force their hand, as a successful Canadian single could create a demand in the United States. The exclusion of Canada in multination recording contracts also meant that SRO’s artists could begin earning royalties on records sales in Canada right away, as well as earning royalties from worldwide publishing. Fiercely protective of SRO’s business interests, Danniels retained the worldwide publishing rights to Rush, despite being offered a large sum of money for them by Warner Brothers Publishing in 1981. Touring and merchandising were also sources of artist income – and here too SRO safeguarded their interests by going after bootleggers and counterfeiters. SRO’s legal counsel, Robert Farmer once joined the RCMP in a dramatic raid of counterfeit merchandise operations outside a Rush concert at Maple Leaf Gardens.
With the support of SRO, Rush went on to release over 20 studio albums, went on over 30 tours, won 9 Juno Awards, received a handful of Grammy nominations, and sold an estimated 40 million albums worldwide. They were inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2013. SRO went on to manage the careers of other major Canadian musical talents, including The Tea Party, Big Wreck, Molly Johnson, and the Matthew Good Band. In 2015, music rights publishing group Ole acquired several of SRO/Anthem’s divisions, including Core Music Publishing, Mark-Cain Music, and the Anthem Entertainment Group, which included the publishing rights as well as the legacy audio and video release of Rush and other Anthem artists. The records in this collection highlight the growth of SRO/Anthem from its humble beginnings representing the band no one wanted to record, to a major force in the Canadian music industry who managed the career of one of the most successful Canadian bands of all time.

Dave and Dale Cox

  • Family
  • 1967-2023

Dale and Dave Cox are prominent figures in the Canadian animation industry. Now retired, the couple worked for major Canadian animation studios and led many major animated programs. Their work has been internationally recognized, and has won many awards, including two Daytime Emmy Awards.
Both Dale and Dave graduated from Sheridan College in the late 1960’s and early 70’s in Animation. Both began their education in graphic design but switched to animation after taking a few classes and realizing they truly enjoyed the processes and creating stories. After graduation, Dave was hired by Sheridan College to direct animated commercials for the school. He then moved on to be hired by VideoArt Productions, where he worked with Bob Kain. The two would stay close friends and continue to work together. Dale began her career after college by freelancing. From there she got a job with Rainbow Animation where she stayed for a few years.
The duo are most known for their time with the Canadian animation company Nelvana. Working over 30 years for the company, they have lent their talents to many beloved programs, including The Care Bears, Inspector Gadget, and Rolie Polie Olie. Often, Dave would direct, and Dale would be the production manager.
Overall, the Coxes have worked on over 70 animation projects. Some have been independent work, and have been invited to the Academy Awards. Their skills have been recognized by film makers and fellow animators alike. The many television programs they have worked on have become household names. Dave and Dale Cox have made significant impacts to both the Canadian animation field and the animation world. They have worked on programs both in Canada and internationally, and helped to make Canada one of the leaders in animation during their long careers.


  • University of Toronto Media Commons Archives
  • Corporate body
  • 1980-2023

Cinemavault was a Toronto-based motion picture and television distribution company. After graduating from Toronto Metropolitan University’s School of Image Arts in 1978, company Chairman and CEO Nicholas Stiliadis began his career as a writer and film producer. Alongside business partner, Syd Cappe, Stiliadis founded SC Entertainment. The pair produced several industrial and educational films, including the Genie-nominated short Productivity and Performance by Alex K (1984). But Stiliadis and Cappe found their niche as producers of low-budget romps, thrillers, and action-adventure films such as The Pink Chiquitas (1986), Still Life (1990), and Gladiator Cop (1995). These films were often shot in Toronto, with principal photography sometimes starting before financing had even been secured. While widely considered to be B-movies (a 1990 MacLean’s article characterized them as “shlock”), these genre films had broad international appeal, and SC Entertainment found eager buyers on the international marketplace. Some critical successes followed, with the true crime drama Murder One (1988), which garnered some positive attention from American critics. Stiliadis also served as Executive Producer on Pump Up the Volume (1990), a title that was initially developed for SC Entertainment, with New Line Cinema brought on to co-produce and distribute. The darkly comedic teen movie starring Christian Slater was widely praised at the time and continues to enjoy a reputation as a cult classic.
Stiliadis and Cappe parted ways in 1994, and amidst expanding international film markets, the company’s focus gradually shifted from production to distribution. Under the Cinemavault banner, Stiliadis and company worked with both Canadian and international producers, financiers, and independent filmmakers to secure the distribution rights to a substantial catalogue of films. In some cases, Cinemavault would license these films to other companies to handle distribution in individual worldwide markets. In other cases, Cinemavault was brought on by filmmakers as the principal worldwide distributor. While representing international titles, Cinemavault also played a role in promoting Canadian cinema to the world. They were the international distributor of Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner (2001), the first feature film in the Inuktitut language. They also represented the Genie award winner Savage Messiah (2002), as well as the Genie nominated film Histoire de Pen (2002). Cinemavault was a frequent participant in the international film festival circuit, taking their films to Cannes, Berlin, and Venice. Beyond feature film distribution, the company found many new sales avenues in DVD and VHS sales, pay television, free television, video on demand, and streaming video on demand.

Imai, Ken

  • Person
  • 1911-2007

Reverend Canon Paul Ken Imai was born November 10, 1911 in what was at the time called Manchuria, though his family had roots in Tottori Prefecture, Japan. His father, Kumajiro Imai was a devout Anglican and named his son Ken as it means “offering” in Japanese. He studied and was awarded a Bachelor of Arts from Rikkyo University also known as Saint Paul’s University. He then achieved a Bachelor of Divinity from the Anglican Theological College, in 1936 in Tokyo. A year later on July 28, 1937 Imai was ordained to Deacon at the Christ Church Cathedral in Sendai, Japan. His studies continued in Ohio where he began to study at the Graduate School of Applied Religion within the University of Cincinnati, then studied at the General Theological Seminary and Columbia University within the Department of Sociology, in New York City from 1938-1940. It was during this time that he leaned English. Returning to Japan, Imai was ordained to Priesthood December 4, 1940 at Christ Church Cathedral. For a short period in 1941 he spent time at the Saint Savior’s Church in Akita, Japan.

When WWII began, Imai was a conscientious objector, but was eventually drafted into the Japanese army. Before being drafted, he gave a sermon from the pulpit against the war. During the war, he was often sent to the front lines as a scout. His English language skills served him well, and he often interpreted for the army. Imai was injured in Papua New Guinea and later captured by the Americans. He also spent time in a POW camp in Australia.

Not much is known about Imai’s family prior to WWII. He had a wife and daughter, the later passing away during her travel from Manchuria to Japan. It is not known when his first wife passed away. It is believed that the Nozomi Rose, a strain of roses, was names after his first daughter.

After WWII, Imai became the Chaplin at St. Margaret’s Rikkyo School in Tokyo. In 1947 Imai married Yachiyo Grace Tobimatsu (1920-2017), an English teacher. They had two children in Japan, Shin Imai (1950-) and Margaret Imai Ko (1952-) and once in Canada they had, Rei Imai (1954-). He stayed at the school in Tokyo until 1953 until he was called by the Missionary Society of the Church of England in Canada to minister Japanese Canadians in the Toronto, Hamilton, London, St. Catherine’s, and Montreal area.

Ken Imai and his family were some of the few Japanese permitted to enter Canada during the period after the war. The family traveled from Yokohama to San Francisco, then took a train to Toronto via Chicago. The assignment from the Church was initially to be three years, but the family decided to continue their life in Canada, and received citizenship in the 60s.

Imai continued his education in Toronto. As part of the three year assignment, Imai was also awarded a scholarship from Trinity College at the University of Toronto, to pursue a Master of Theology (Degree granted in 1958).

Rev. Ken Imai began to lead the St. Andrew’s Japanese congregation and their first location was the Church of the Holy Trinity (10 Trinity Square, Toronto). Their congregation outgrew the church, so they moved to St. Anne's Parish Hall (651 Dufferin Street, Toronto) in 1956. By 1957 they were self-supporting and named St. Andrew’s Dufferin. The congregation rapidly grew and moved to the Cathedral of St. Alban the Martyr in 1961. Eventually, when the choir school took over, the congregation moved to St. David, Donlands (49 Donlands Ave, Toronto).

Imai was dedicated to his parishioners. In order to better reach the Issei who read mostly Japanese, he translated the Book of Common Prayer with the assistance of Rev Reg N. Savary and copy-editing done by Shizuko Moritsugu from 1965-1967. 1969 marked the 25th anniversary of the congregation. Celebrations were held, and guests included Lt. Governor of Ontario Ross Macdonald and Right Rev. Bishop Hunt. 1973 marked the 100th anniversary of the first Canadian missionary to Japan. To celebrate the occasion, Rev. Imai and his congregation gathered with notables including Canadian primate Most Rev. Ted Scott, the presiding Bishop of Japan John N. Okubo, the Japanese Ambassador to Canada and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Nishiyama, Counsel General Mr. and Mrs. Yamaguchi, and 33 Canadian missionaries to Japan.

In 1975 Rev. Imai was appointed honorary Canon of the Cathedral Church of St James in Toronto. By 1976 he was inducted as Incumbent of St. Andrew’s Church and retired from there in 1978. He and his wife went to England, where he was Chaplain of the Rikkyo Japanese School. After, he moved into the position of Dean of Shoei Centre at King Alfred's College in Winchester, England, holding the position from 1981 to 1983. At the time this was an all-girls boarding school, with pupils from ages 18-20.

Rev. Canon Imai and his wife returned to Toronto in 1983 to retire. Imai’s dedication to the Japanese Anglican community continued until 1997, as he would often guest preach at Japanese language churches, while also running a Bible class. He passed away November 27, 2007.

Imai, Shin

  • Person
  • 1950-

Shin Imai helped form the Sodan-Kai group during the Redress movement for Japanese Canadians. He played a pivotal role in the events leading up to Redress, and the organizing of the Japanese Canadian people in the Toronto area.

Born in Tokyo, Japan, Imai immigrated to Canada as a child with his family in 1953, one of the few Japanese families allowed to enter Canada during the post-war era. His father, Reverend Canon Ken Imai, was an Anglican Minister who had been invited to Canada to lead a Japanese speaking congregation, composed of Japanese Canadians who had settled in Toronto after internment. Though the family was initially prepared for three years in Canada, they chose to stay and received Canadian Citizenship in the 1960s.

During the Redress movement, the Toronto chapter of the Japanese Canadian Citizens Association (JCCA) had become fractured, and members were torn between whether or not Redress should include individual financial compensation and civil rights protection. Though his family had come to Canada after the war, Imai became an active member in the movement. At the time he helped to prepare briefs for the National JCCA Human Rights Committee. He, along with two other lawyers Maryka Omatsu and Marcia Matsui created the Sokan-Kai in 1983. The Sodan-Kai was meant to be a forum for public discussion on Redress, taking no sides and acting separately from the Toronto JCCA and the National Association of Japanese Canadians (NAJC). Imai was inspired by Vancouver sansei called the Canadian Centennial Committee and Canada’s growing awareness of the treatment of Japanese Canadians during WWII. The group began informal discussions at each other’s homes, and members grew to include Joy Kogawa, Ron Shimizu, Edie Goto, Yukio Mizuyabu, Roger Obata, Bryce Kanbara, Wes Fujiwara, Connie Sugiyama, Jim Matsui, David Fujino and Harry Yonekura. Imai chose the name “Sodan-Kai” as it roughly means “discussion society”. The group came from many different backgrounds and had varying opinions on Redress. What they held in common was their belief that Japanese Canadians should be informed about the issue and have a platform to discuss it before addressing the Canadian government.

The first public meeting of the Sodan-Kai was held Sunday May 15, 1983 at the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre (JCCC). Over 300 came to listen to members of the Japanese American Citizens' League, George Imai of the National Redress Committee, and Gordon Kadota the NAJC president. The second meeting was held Saturday, July 23, 1983, with Shin Imai and Frank Moritsugu acting as chairmen. Those in attendance agreed to form a Toronto Redress group from members of both Sodan-Kai and the Toronto JCCA.

The Sodan-Kai participated in the Prince Hotel Conference where the NAJC and its representation was overhauled. Their participation caused much controversy, especially from those who still followed the Toronto JCCA. The third public meeting of the Sodan-Kai was Sunday, October 23 at the JCCC, though there was little discussion of Redress.

After dismissive comments from Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, the Sodan-Kai organized the CentreStage Forum, titled “Racism and Injustice: The Japanese Canadian Experience”. Taking place at the St. Lawrence Centre on April 25, 1984, it was the first time non-Japanese Canadians were invited to participate. Shortly after the forum, the group stopped meeting, but only until 1987 did they formally dissolve.

The logo for the Sodan-Kai was designed by David Fujino.

Shin Imai received his law degree in 1980 and has spent much of his career working in human rights, refugee law and indigenous rights. He currently teaches at Osgood Hall Law School.

MacDougal, Raymond

  • Person
  • 1917-2004

Joseph Raymond MacDougal (known as Raymond throughout his life) was born in Toronto on 5 May 1917 to Paul MacDougal (1883-1958) and Marie Ellen Swan (1995-1961). MacDougal was a keen photographer and captured his British and European biking excursion in 1936. In 1940, after the outbreak of war, MacDougal joined the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), he hoped to be accepted as a photographer, but was instead assigned to be an observer. He trained in Toronto, before being sent to Clinton, Ontario, the site of a secret radar base, where he assisted with construction and set-up. In the summer of 1941, he attended the Initial Training School (ITS) at Belleville, before being sent to Ancienne Lorette in Quebec for flight training as a navigator. After 64 hours of flight hours, McDougal was transferred due to extreme air-sickness. He was assigned to the Clinical Investigation Unit and was sent to Toronto, where he trained in blood grouping and transfusion and was then transferred to Halifax and, later, to Regina to do blood labs for soldiers going overseas and also assisted with experiments on floatation devices, ditching suits and oxygen regulation. In October 1943, he returned to the secret No. 1 Clinical Investigation Unit located at 1107 Avenue Road in Toronto. MacDougal took over the photographic and joined the motion picture staff, where he worked on educational films for the RAF and RCAF and worked on aerial photography advancements. MacDougal also photographed activities at No. 1 Clinical Investigation Unit including experiments on centrifugal force on pilots at the Banting laboratory.
Raymond MacDougal married Eleanor Campbell on 18 October 1941 and had four children. After the war, he attended medical school at the University of Toronto and graduated in June 1953. Between 1954 and 1957, he worked as the Chief Medical officer for the Food and Drug Directorate in Ottawa, after which he relocated to Montreal to become the medical director of the pharmaceutical company, Frank W. Horner. He later became the Medical Director of Burroughs Wellcome & Co. After he retired, he worked as a consultant for the Terry Fox Foundation organizing studies for the drug Interferon. In 2002, he was awarded the Queen’s Golden Jubilee medal.
Raymond MacDougal died on 20 November 2004 in Kingston, Ontario at the age of 8

Freeman, Shelley

  • Person

Shelley Freeman is a visual artist based in Montreal, Canada. She first studied painting, drawing and typography at York University in Toronto, through a Bachelor of Fine Arts (class of 1974). After taking a typography course co-instructed by Stan Bevington (1943-) and Nelson Adams (1942-2019) of Coach House Press (CHP) in the fall of 1973, Freeman was able to secure a summer job at the press herself, from April 1974 to August 1975. During her time at CHP and beyond, Freeman kept in touch with Adams. In these postcards and letters, Adams reflects on his travels in Europe in the mid-1970s and his decision to enroll in Library School and become a Junior Fellow at Massey College, at the University of Toronto, beginning in September of 1976. He also shares updates on his ongoing printing projects and passes along samples of his hand-printed cards and pamphlets.

Browne, William George

  • Person
  • 1768-1813

William George Browne (1768-1813) was an English travel writer. In 1799 he published “Travels in Africa, Egypt and Syria, from the years 1792 to 1798.” His papers also formed the basis of 2 works by Robert Walpole (1781-1856); “Remarks written at Constantinople” (1802) and “Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic Turkey” (1820). He went on a second journey in 1800, this time to Anatolia, visiting places such as Greece and Sicily. His third and final journey took place in 1813 where he was murdered by robbers on route to Tehran.

Nevitte, Neil

  • Person
  • 1948-

Dr. Neil H. Nevitte (b. November 10, 1948) is a Canadian political scientist and Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto. His major areas of focus are public opinion, political participation, and electoral behaviour. Nevitte is known for his work on the World Values Survey and developing the Quick Count method for detecting election fraud.

Education and Family
Nevitte was born on November 10, 1948. He has two children, Lee and Alex, with his former wife Susan Bloch-Nevitte. Nevitte attended McMaster University where he graduated summa cum laude with a B.A. (Hons.) in 1972, followed by an M.A. in 1973. He then attended Duke University where he achieved his Ph.D. in Political Science (1978) for his dissertation Religion and the ‘New Nationalisms’: The Case of Quebec.

Academic Career and the University of Toronto
Between the 1979 and the early 1990s, Nevitte held academic teaching positions at institutions internationally. He began his postgraduate academic career as a Research Fellow and lecturer at Harvard University (1978 – 1980) where he was hand-picked by sociologist and political scientist Seymour Martin Lipset to help develop initiatives on comparative survey research. During this time, he lectured at Harvard’s Department of Government (1978 – 1979) and Kennedy School Institute of Politics (1979). Nevitte subsequently held positions at Memorial University in Newfoundland as an Assistant Professor (1979 – 1980); the University of Calgary as an Assistant Professor (1980 – 1982), Associate Professor (1982 – 1987), Professor (1990 – 1995), and the Director of the Research Unit for Public Policy Studies (1989 – 1990); and the University of Windsor as a Professor (1988 – 1989). Between 1985 – 1986, Nevitte also spent some time as a visiting professor and researcher in France at the University of Paris I (Sorbonne) and in the United Kingdom at the University of Leeds, University College Cardiff, and the ESRC Data Archive (University of Essex).

In 1995, Nevitte accepted a position at the University of Toronto’s Department of Political Science where he was later cross appointed as a Professor at the School of Public Policy and Governance in 2007 and the Munk School of Global Affairs in 2010. During his time at U of T, Nevitte taught several courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels on topics such as research design, public opinion and values, and electoral behaviour. He also served on the Department of Political Science’s Promotions and Tenure Committee (2004, 2008) and the University’s Connaught Fellow Review Committee (2007 – 2009). Nevitte retired to Professor Emeritus in 2020.

Technical Advising
Between 1992 and 2020, Nevitte worked as a technical advisor to the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI) and similar domestic and international NGOs. He primarily provided consultations on the prevention and detection of election fraud as well as the conditions for fair and free elections. He worked on several voter registry audits, election supervision, and democracy survey projects in over 25 countries. During this time, Nevitte developed the Quick Count methodology to quickly and reliably detect election fraud. The method is described in his coauthored handbook: Quick Count and Election Observation: An NDI Handbook for Civic Organizations and Political Parties (2002) and has since become an international standard for assessing the legitimacy of elections.

Research and Publications
Throughout his career, Nevitte has participated in several major research endeavors at the international, national, and local levels. Most notably, Nevitte has served as the Principal Investigator for the Canadian segment of the World Values Survey (WVS), the largest non-commercial cross-national, cross-time social survey program in the world. He has also served as a co-investigator for several Canadian-specific projects including the Canadian Referendum Study (1992), the Canadian Elections Study (CES) (1993 – 2011), and Political Ethics in Canada (1993 – 2020). From 1998 – 2001, Nevitte partnered with Seymour Martin Lipset (Harvard University) and Stanley Rothman (Smith College) to conduct the Cross-National Universities Study which examined how students, faculty, and administrators viewed policies and practices across universities in Canada and the United States. Additionally, around 1999, Nevitte was selected to lead one of eight teams of academics for the Policy Research Initiative’s Project on Trends (also known as the Trends Project); his team was responsible for reviewing and synthesizing the current literature on value change in Canada.

Nevitte has written and contributed to over 100 papers, chapters, books related to his research. He has published several books which primarily focus on the findings of the WVS, CES, and Political Ethics projects including Convergencia en Norte America (1994), The Challenge of Direct Democracy (1996), The North American Trajectory (1996), The Decline of Deference (1996), A Question of Ethics (1998), Unsteady State (2000), Anatomy of a Liberal Victory (2002), The Democratic Audit of Canada (2004), and Dominance and Decline (2011). He has also edited 6 other books including The Future of North America (1985); Ethnic Preference and Public Policy in Developing States (1986); Introductory Readings in Government and Politics (1995); Political Value Change in Western Democracies (1997); and Value Change and Governance in Canada (2002). Many of his other works appear in several high-impact political science journals such as Political Communication, European Journal of Political Research, British Journal of Political Science, Comparative Political Studies, and Political Psychology.

Professional Activities
Outside his academic career, Nevitte was involved in several professional activities. He has held positions on advisory boards for the WVS (since 1995), Centre on Democratic Performance at Binghamton University (since 2000), and Vote Compass Canada (since 2010); editorial boards for the Journal on Race, Ethnicity and Government Policy (1989 – 1992), Este Pais (since 1991), and the International Journal of Comparative Sociology (since 1999); on the CPSA Board of Directors (1997 – 1990); and as the Chair of the WVS Strategic Planning Committee (since 1999). He has also served as a referee for more than 10 academic journals including the Canadian Journal of Political Science and International Organization. Additionally, Nevitte has provided expert testimony for several Canadian court cases about topics such as survey methods, federal election financing, and methods for detecting election fraud.

Honors and Awards
Nevitte has been recognized for his work with numerous research grants, fellowships, and awards. For his publications and conference papers, he was awarded the Ithiel de Sola Pool Award for the Best Paper on Political Communication presented at the APSA Annual Meetings (1994); APSA for Best Paper on Public Opinion and Voting Presented at the 1996 APSA Annual Meeting (1997), and the CPSA John McMenemy Award for the Best Article (2001). He was the recipient of a Fulbright Senior Research Fellowship (1997 – 1998), a Connaught Research Fellowship in Social Sciences (2003 – 2004), and numerous research grants 1985 and 2009. Nevitte was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2008, and in 2018 he was awarded the Ludwick and Estell Jus Memorial Human Rights Prize from the University of Toronto for his work on the detection of elections fraud and ensuring conditions for free and fair elections around the world.

For additional biographical information see Nevitte’s CV and biography in B2021-0011/001(02) of the Neil Nevitte fonds.

Kushner, Eva

  • Person
  • 1929-2023

Eva Kushner was a noted scholar in the fields of Comparative and French Literature, as well as in Renaissance, Canadian and Quebec literature. Born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1929, Eva Dubska lived in France, 1939–1945, then returned briefly to Czechoslovakia after World War II, before coming to Canada in 1946. In 1949 she married Donn Kushner, who would become a distinguished Professor of Microbiology at the University of Ottawa from 1965–1988 before coming to the University of Toronto. The Kushners had three sons, Daniel, Roland and Paul. Donn Kushner died in 2001.

She received her university education at McGill University: B.A. (Philosophy and Psychology,1948), M.A. (Philosophy, 1950), and Ph.D. (French Literature, 1956). Her teaching career began in 1952 and in the 1950's she was a Lecturer at various institutions, including McGill, and University College London. In 1961 she began teaching at Carleton University, achieving the position of Full Professor (French and Comparative Literature) in 1969. She joined McGill in 1976 as Professor of French and Comparative Literature and as Director of the Department of French Language and Literature. Professor Kushner was named President of Victoria University in 1987; she served two terms there until 1994, continuing to teach, as well as acting as the Director of the Northrop Frye Centre, 1988–1994. Becoming Professor Emeritus of French Literature in 1994, she maintained an active teaching and writing career, as well as attending and delivering papers at a number of international conferences.

Throughout her career Professor Kushner contributed to the academic world in many capacities, including serving as Chair of the Royal Society of Canada Committee on Freedom of Scholarship and Science, 1993–1998, as a member of the Canada Council Advisory Academic Panel and Executive Committee, 1975–1981, and the Modern Language Association of America Executive Council, 1983–1988. She is the author of numerous scholarly publications and articles, in addition to her significant contributions to national and international conferences and symposia. Professor Kushner was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1997.

Eva Kushner died in Toronto in 2023.

Bouissac, Paul Antoine

  • Person
  • 1934–

Paul Antoine R. Bouissac is a writer and an academic. He was born in Perigueux, France, the son of Antoine Louis Bouissac and Marguerite Marie Frêne. He lives in Toronto.

Bouissac received license-ès-lettres in Études latines (1955), Études grêcques (1955), Psychologie générale (1956), and Grammaire et philologie classique (1962) at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he also received a Diplome d’Études Supérieures in 1956. In 1970 he received a Doctorat du Troisième Cycle en Linguistique (sémiotique) at the University of Paris.

Bouissac was appointed Lecturer at Victoria University, Toronto in 1962. After this he was appointed Assistant Professor at Victoria University (1965); Associate Professor at Victoria University (1969); Professor at the Graduate Department of French at the University of Toronto (1971); Professor at the Graduate Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto (1972); Professor at Victoria University (1974); and Professor Emeritus at Victoria University (1999). He became a Member of the Associate Faculty at the Centre for Comparative Literature in 1981, and of the First (1980) and Third (1982) International Summer Institutes for Semiotic and Structural Studies. He served as visiting professor at New York University in Buffalo (1975), the University of South Florida (1975), New York University (1980), and again at New York University in Buffalo from 1981 onwards. He also served as Associate Director of the Summer Institute for Semiotic and Structural Studies at Indiana University in 1982.

During his career Bouissac received awards from the University of Toronto in 1963, 1971 and 1972, from the Canada Council in 1967, 1968 and 1977, from the Wenner Gren Foundation in 1970, and fellowships from the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (1972–73); the Guggenheim Foundation (1973–74); Connaught (1988–89); and Killam (1989–91).

Bouissac’s publications include one work of fiction, Les Demoiselles (1970), and works of non-fiction: La Mesure des Gestes; prolegomenes à la sémiotique gestuelle (1973), Circus and Culture; a Semiotic Approach (1976), Iconicity: Essays on the Nature of Culture: Festschrift for Thomas A. Sebeok on his 65th birthday (1986), Encyclopedia of Semiotics (1998), Semiotics at the Circus (2010), Saussure: A Guide for the Perplexed (2010), Circus as Multimodal Discourse: Performing, Meaning, and Ritual (2012), The Semiotics of Clowns and Clowning: Rituals of Transgression and the Theory of Laughter (2015), The Meaning of the Circus: The Communicative Experience of Cult, Art, and Awe (2018), The Social Dynamics of Pronominal Systems: A Comparative Approach (2019), and The End of the Circus: Evolutionary Semiotics and Cultural Resilience (2021).

In 1964 Bouissac became president and main stockholder of the Debord Circus, a circus that attempted to present high quality animal acts in a single ring. The circus lasted only 2 years and closed in 1965.

Nancy Nicol

  • Person
  • 1951 -

Artist, scholar, activist, and filmmaker, Nancy Nicol (professor emerita, York University) has created a prodigious body of work over a lifetime career investigating movements for social change, equality and human rights; delving into unfair laws and persecution as well as the capacity of ordinary people to challenge injustice. Her portfolio serves as an enduring record of struggles against violence, bigotry and discrimination, spanning stories of immigrant workers, women’s reproductive freedom, LGBT and queer histories, and transnational stories of resistance and resilience. In particular, her work has made a unique and powerful contribution to the documentation of queer histories in Canada and internationally; a body of work that will become even more significant as the years pass. Her scholarship on LGBT rights and social justice has received wide recognition in scholarly and community-based forums and her documentary films have been distributed widely in national and international festivals, conferences and community-based organizations. Grounded in critical theory, Nancy has worked across difference, facilitating spaces for the unrepresented through a participatory documentary practice based in collaboration, community engagement, and advocacy.

Nancy’s interest in art began in her youth, when she participated in group visual arts exhibitions while still a teenager. In the late 1970s, her interests shifted from painting and graphics to film and video. Her first video, The Miniature Theatre, won first prize in the first ‘video open’, a national screening celebrating independent video (1979) and her second film, Sacrificial Burnings, premiered at the Festival of Festivals in Toronto, in 1981. Both works went on to screen at the International Feminist Film and Video conference (Amsterdam, 1981) and Kijkhuis (Germany, 1982). Nancy’s interest in political change and social justice grew during the late 1970s and early 80s, a period of significant activism including anti-racism, abortion rights, and solidarity with struggles internationally. One early expression of growing political awareness in her work was the agit-prop video Let Poland be Poland (1981), created in response to the suppression of the free trade union, Solidarnosc, in Poland. She became increasingly committed to documentary, often working with local community-based organizations, labour unions and women of colour groups. In 1982, she was a founding member of a feminist art collective, the Women's Media Alliance, and with other members of the collective created Our Choice, A Tape About Teen-Age Mothers (1983). In 1988, she co-directed with Phyllis Waugh Working for Piece Work Wages which followed the Immigrant Women's Health Centre Mobile unit into the garment factories of Toronto to examine garment workers’ working conditions and access to healthcare. In 1997, Nancy collaborated with Filipino migrant workers to create Migrante, stories and songs of migrant Filipino Workers, which examined efforts by Filipino migrant workers to improve their working conditions and access to citizenship and rights.

By the mid 1980s Nancy was active in a vital and growing pro-choice movement, joining the Ontario Coalition for Abortion Clinics (OCAC). Inspired by this, she launched a cross country filmic journey, on a shoe string budget, documenting women’s access to reproductive health, and the work of pro-choice activists from Smithers, BC, to Halifax, Nova Scotia. The result was a five-part documentary series entitled The Struggle for Choice (1987) that examined the pro-choice movement in Canada from ‘Abortion Caravan’ in 1970 to the Supreme Court ruling in 1987 that removed abortion from the Criminal Code of Canada, the first ruling of its kind under the newly adopted equality provisions of the Charter of Rights. The impact of the Charter and social movement organizing became a theme that Nancy would return to in her work on lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer (LGBTQ) rights organizing.

In the early 90s Nancy joined the Coalition for Lesbian and Gay Rights of Ontario (CLGRO). For the next three decades, she focused on LGBT and queer histories and struggles, first domestically, and later internationally. It was a pivotal time in the struggle for queer rights. After years of struggle, the Ontario Human Rights Code included non-discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in 1987, but recognition of LGBT and queer relationships and parenting rights faced bigotry and entrenched political opposition. In 1994, a bill to extend relationship recognition to same-sex partners went down to defeat in a hail of homophobic rhetoric in the Ontario legislature – in response, Nancy created Gay Pride and Prejudice (1994), juxtaposing queers in the street with the historic debate in the Ontario legislature. Later in the 1990s, CLGRO asked Nancy to create a documentary on their history to mark their 25th anniversary. In creating the work, Nancy became immersed in the fascinating but little documented history of gay liberation in Canada, interviewing activists and digging into personal collections and archives. Stand Together (2002) premiered at the Inside Out Film Festival to a standing ovation. The film examined CLGRO’s history and gay liberation in Canada more broadly, beginning with the investigations and arrests of homosexuals by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police National Security Campaign; and traced the growth of gay liberation groups, civil rights organizing, police surveillance of queer organizing and raids on gay steam baths, religious right opposition to gay rights, and the campaign for inclusion of nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in the Ontario Human Rights Code. Stand Together marked the beginning of a large body of work culminating in her award-winning series entitled From Criminality to Equality, completed in 2009. The series includes Stand Together (2002); The Queer Nineties (2009), which probed into struggles for legal and civil rights and the growing diversity of LGBT organizing during the 1990s; Politics of the Heart (2005), which focused on the Lesbian Mothers Association’s campaign to win parental and adoption rights for same-sex parents, making Quebec the first jurisdiction in the world to include such provisions; and The End of Second Class (2006), which examined the legal and social history of the battle for equal marriage in Canada. During this period, Nancy also created a large number of shorts, and the feature films Dykes Planning Tykes (co-directed with Mary Daniel, 2011), and One Summer in New Paltz, a Cautionary Tale (2008) on same-sex marriage civil disobedience in the USA during the Bush administration.

Seeking to expand on her contributions to social movement histories and legal consciousness in greater depth, Nancy turned to writing, publishing: “Politics of the Heart: recognition of homoparental families”, in Who’s Your Daddy? And Other Writings on Queer Parenting (ed. Rachel Epstein, 2009); “Legal Struggles and Political Resistance: Same-Sex Marriage in Canada and the U.S” (co-written with Miriam Smith, Sexualities, Sage, 2008); and “Politics of the Heart: recognition of homoparental families” (Florida Philosophical Review, 2008). In May 2011, Nancy was inducted into the National Portrait Collection of the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives in recognition of her work, with a portrait done by her life partner, Phyllis Waugh.

During this time, Nancy contributed to a growing list of international conferences. In 2006 she showed Politics of the Heart and the End of Second Class at the World Outgames International Conference in Montreal, where she met Monica Tabengwa, a lawyer and activist from Botswana and Phumi Mtetwa, from South Africa, and attended a panel on legal developments in India, presented in part by Arvind Narrain. In 2009, she presented a panel at the World Outgames in Copenhagen, and attended a panel on efforts in India which had resulted in the High Court of Delhi ruling to decriminalize homosexuality. By the 2000s Toronto was one of the most ethnically varied cities in the world, with a large number of diverse ethno-cultural LGBT community groups and social service agencies and a sophisticated resource of LGBT community leaders, legal experts and academics. These developments laid the basis for the next chapter in Nancy’s work. Between 2006 and 2010 Nancy began research and outreach and ultimately assembled a large international team; and in 2011, Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights (Envisioning), was launched (funded by the Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada). The project was a partnership of mutual learning that brought together 31 international and community-based partners in Canada, India, Africa and the Caribbean

From 2011-2016, Nicol was the project’s Principal Investigator. In a period when the global LGBT movement faced some of its most extreme challenges, Envisioning brought together community leaders from across the world, to share knowledge, facilitate learning from each other, and to create outcomes that would advance knowledge and social justice, a visionary politics that inspired participants. Combining research, writing and participatory documentary video, Envisioning sought to examine the impact of laws that criminalize people on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, the ways in which LGBT and human rights groups were organizing to resist criminalization and to advance LGBT rights, and flight from persecution and LGBT refugee issues in Canada.

As part of the Envisioning project, Nicol developed participatory video projects with partners based in the Caribbean, India and Africa. Outcomes include Sangini (2016), focusing on a lesbian shelter based in Delhi; And Still We Rise, (2015, co-directed with Sexual Minorities Uganda researcher, Richard Lusimbo), a moving documentary on resistance to the Anti-Homosexual Act in Uganda; No Easy Walk To Freedom (2014) on the struggle to decriminalize same-sex sex in India; The Time Has Come (2013, co-directed with Kim Vance and John Fisher), which features LGBT human rights defenders from around the world working to strategize on ways to strengthen protections under the historic United Nations resolution that recognized sexual orientation and gender identity as prohibited grounds for discrimination in 2011; and a large number of video shorts created through Envisioning participatory video projects, many of which were included in an exhibition Imaging Home: Migration, Resistance, Contradiction, at the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives during World Pride Toronto in 2014.

In 2018, Envisioning published an anthology, entitled Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights: (Neo)colonialism, Neoliberalism, Resistance and Hope, edited by Nancy Nicol, Adrian Jjuuko, Richard Lusimbo, Nick J. Mulé, Susan Ursel, Amar Wahab and Phyllis Waugh, and published by the Human Rights Consortium, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, UK. The anthology received immediate international recognition, with downloads in over 80 countries within the first 3 months of publication; today it remains the second most downloaded publication in the history of the press. The chapters are bursting with invaluable first-hand insights from leading activists at the forefront of some of the most fiercely fought battlegrounds of contemporary sexual politics in India, the Caribbean and Africa. Nancy’s chapter on participatory documentary, Telling Our Stories: Envisioning participatory documentary, recounts the experiences and challenges of the video teams, working in conditions of repression and violence, and infused with courage and creativity.

Ontario Registered Music Teachers' Association

  • Corporate body
  • 1936-

Founded in Toronto in 1936, the Ontario Music Teachers' Association (OMTA), later named the Ontario Registered Music Teachers' Association (ORMTA), aims to "encourage and provide the highest calibre of music education possible and to promote exceptional standards of music in each community." The first meeting at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto (October 6-8, 1936), brought together several local teachers' associations, including those from Toronto, Hamilton, Guelph, St. Catherines, Simcoe, London, and Stratford.

Ezrin, Hershell

  • Person
  • 1947 -

Hershell Elliott Ezrin (b. 1947) is a former diplomat, political advisor, and senior corporate executive. With his background in both provincial and federal politics and later involvement in the corporate sector, he is highly regarded for his expertise in strategic communication and public policy.

Ezrin was born in Toronto and attended the University of Toronto (Honours B.A., 1968). He later received his Masters in History and Economics from Carlton University (M.A. 1969) where his graduate work focused on developments within the Conservative Party of Canada. Following his studies, Ezrin joined the Department of External Affairs (1969) where he worked as a diplomat in offices including New Delhi, Los Angeles, and New York. As Canadian Consul in New York (1978-1981), Ezrin managed media relations with American and foreign press through the sovereignty debates and the 1980 Quebec referendum.

In 1981, Mr. Ezrin returned to Ottawa when seconded to the role of Executive Director of the Canadian Unity Information Office. The federal office managed communications around public policy and, in the period of Ezrin’s tenure, was focused on publicizing the Constitution Act and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. During this period, he was also a member of the federal-provincial relations team within the Privy Council Office under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

Ezrin transitioned to Ontario provincial politics in 1982, accepting the position of Chief of Staff to the Leader of the Opposition, David Peterson. Subsequent to the Liberal’s successful 1985 electoral campaign, in which Ezrin was responsible for policy and communications, he was appointed the Deputy Minister to the Premier and later, Senior Strategist for the following 1987 campaign.

Following his time in politics, Ezrin moved to the corporate sector accepting a position as Senior Vice-President with Molson Companies Limited (1988-1992). He subsequently worked with a number of businesses and organizations, including positions as President and CEO of Speedy Muffler Inc. (1995-1998), Chair and CEO of GPC Canada (1998-2003), and as founding CEO of the Canadian Council for Israel and Jewish Advocacy (CIJA, 2002-2010). He also served on the Board of Directors for corporations including Torstar, Suncor, SMK Speedy and Private Mortgage Insurers (PMI).

Ezrin currently serves as Senior Counsel with Global Public Affairs and Managing Director of Ezrin Communications. He also teaches at Seneca College and Toronto Metropolitan University in Toronto.

Throughout his career, Ezrin has also volunteered on numerous committees and boards including the Public Policy Forum of Canada, Canadian Journalism Foundation, the Joint Community Relations Committee of Canadian Jewish Congress, the Governor General’s Performing Arts Award Foundation and as Chair of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra. In acknowledgment of Ezrin’s continued dedication to community and public life, he was presented with a HIPPY (Home Instruction of Parents of Pre-school Youngsters) Award in 2011. In 2020, Ezrin was named Officer of the Order of Ontario. For a list of volunteer roles held by Mr. Ezrin, see Appendix.

Hershell Ezrin is married to Dr. Sharyn Salsberg Ezrin, a psychologist and author, and has two daughters and two grandchildren.

Onley, David C.

  • VIAF ID: 63049731
  • Person
  • 1950-2023

David Charles Onley was born on June 12, 1950 in Midland, Ontario and was raised in Scarborough. He attended the University of Toronto Scarborough where he graduated with a degree in Political Science.

Onley began his career in radio working on a weekly science show for CFRB, a Toronto radio station. He later worked with Citytv as a water specialist. In 1989 he became the first news anchor for Break Television Citytv's morning show. He worked as an education specialist for Citytv and CablePulse 2. In 1999 he become an anchor for CP24 when the station launched and produced and hosted Home Page.

From 2007 to 2014, Onley served as the Lieutenant Governor for the Province of Ontario.

On October 1, 2014, Onley was appointed a senior lecture at the University of Toronto Scarborough in the Department of Political Sciences. He also served as the University's Special Ambassador for the Pan Am and the Parapan American Games in 2015.

He was inducted into the Scarborough Walk of Fame in 2006. Onley passed away on January 14, 2023.

Roots, Betty I.

  • Person
  • 1927-2020

Dr. Betty Ida Roots was a zoologist who was born October 21, 1927 at South Croydon Surrey, England. She was responsible for initiating and developing the collaborative Ph.D. program in Neuroscience at the University of Toronto. Her research interests, which awarded grants from the Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, included the response of animals to changes in their environment with special reference to the nervous systems and the structure and function of glial cells and neuron-glia relationships particularly from a phylogenetic point of view.

She attained her B.Sc. with Special Honours in Zoology in 1949 from University College at the University of London. Dr. Roots continued her education at the University College where she completed a Diploma in Education at the Institution of Education in 1950. Three years later, she gained a Ph.D. in Zoology, specializing in Comparative Physiology, from her alma mater. By 1981, Dr. Roots would be awarded a Doctorate of Science from the University of London for research in the fields of comparative physiology and neurobiology.

During and following her PhD, Roots worked at University College as a Demonstrator in Zoology between 1952-1953, and as an Assistant Lecturer in the Department of Biology and Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine between 1952-1959 and 1961-1962, a Lecturer in the Department of Anatomy from 1962-1966, and was a Research Neuroscientists for the Department of Neurosciences during 1968-1969. Roots was also visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 1959-1961 and came back as Visiting Scientist from 1966-1967.

She then immigrated to Canada where she joined the University of Toronto as an Associate Professor of Zoology in 1969. In 1972, she was promoted to Professor and was also appointed Assistant Chair of Zoology until 1975. Roots spent 1976-1980 as Associate Dean of Sciences at Erindale College and in 1984, Roots was named Chair of the Department of Zoology at the University of Toronto, a position that she held for six years. In 1993, she was promoted to the rank of Professor Emeritus. Between 1998 and 2009 Roots was the Dean’s Designate for Academic Behaviour (Sciences).

Dr. Roots held many administrative positions including membership in the Canadian Committee of University Biology Chairmen from 1984 to 1990 and Chair of the Council of Heads of University Departments of Biological Sciences of Ontario from 1984-1987. Roots developed the Collaborative Ph.D. programme in Neuroscience at the University of Toronto and also planned, established, and was responsible for, the Electron Microscope Facility at Erindale College until 1987.

Dr. Roots primarily taught courses on subjects related to animal physiology, electron microscopy, photography for ecologists, biological chemistry, and neurobiology. Her teaching experience extends on all levels for science and medical students in Great Britain, the United States, and Canada. In March and April of 1976, she was a Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Riyadh, Saudia Arabia, advising on the newly established Medical College for Women and teaching the students. She returned as a Visiting Professor in January 1978.

Throughout her career, Dr. Roots was very active in a number of professional associations and committees including the American Society for Neurochemistry, the Canadian Association for Neuroscience, the Canadian Federation of Biological Sciences where she served as a member of the Equal Opportunities Committee from 1990 to 1992, the Canadian Microscopical Society where she was a member of the Organizing committee of the Ninth International Congress on Electron Microscopy held in Toronto in August 1978, the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the International Society for Neurochemistry, the Royal Canadian Institute, where she was President in 1994 and chair of the 150th anniversary book committee, the Royal Microscopical Society, the Royal Society of Canada, Sigma XI and the Southern Ontario Neuroscience Association.

Roots published more than one hundred papers in scientific journals and authored, co-authored and edited a number of books including “Nerve membranes. A study of the biological and chemical aspects of neuron-glia relationships” with P. V. Johnston, published in 1972 by Pergamon Press, Oxford and Special Places: The Changing Ecosystems of the Toronto Region, published by University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver in 1999, for which she was Editor-in-Chief.

Dr. Roots passed away at the age of 93 on October 24th, 2020.

Hacking, Ian

  • Person
  • 1936 -

Dr. Ian MacDougall Hacking (b. Vancouver, 18 February 1936) is a Canadian analytic philosopher whose work draws from multiple disciplines, including the history of science, statistics, physics, and psychology. Recognized as an influential contemporary thinker, Dr. Hacking is noted for his examination of the relationships between the physical and social sciences.

Raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, Dr. Hacking received his B.A. in Physics and Mathematics (1956) from the University of British Columbia. He later became a student at the University of Cambridge’s Trinity College, studying moral sciences. Here, he received a BA (1958), followed by an M.A. and PhD (1962). Between the 1960s and early 1980s, Dr. Hacking held academic teaching positions at universities internationally. These included his alma maters, the University of British Columbia (1964-1967) and the University of Cambridge (1969-1974), as well Princeton University (1961-1962), Makerere University College in Uganda (1967-1969), Stanford University (1975-1982), and Germany’s Bielefeld University (1982-1983).

In 1982, Dr. Hacking accepted a position at the University of Toronto Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology and, in 1991, was awarded the title of University Professor. Following his tenure at the University of Toronto, Dr. Hacking was appointed Chaire de philosophie et histoire des concepts scientifiques at the Collège de France. His term from 2000 to 2006 marked the first time an Anglophone philosopher was awarded the prestigious position. Subsequently, Prof. Hacking taught at the University of Chicago (2007), the University of California, Santa Cruz (2008-2010), and the University of Cape Town (2011) as a visiting professor. He continues his work as University Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and Professeur honoraire at the Collège de France.

Dr. Hacking has published fourteen books to date in addition to numerous reviews, articles, and editorials. The books authored by Dr. Hacking comprise both his academic writing as well more popular texts directed to general audiences. His early seminal text, The Emergence of Probability (1975), explores the influence of a 17th century concept of probability in contemporary thought. Logic, statistical theory, and the history of mathematics are also the central topics of Dr. Hacking’s Logic of Statistical Interference (1965), Taming of Chance (1990), An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic (2001), and Why is There Philosophy of Mathematics at All ? (2014).

Dr. Hacking’s later texts, Rewriting the soul: Multiple personality and the sciences of memory (1995) and Mad travelers: Reflections on the reality of transient mental illnesses (1998), discuss psychiatric illness and the behavioral and social effects of diagnosis. These texts also reflect Dr. Hacking’s continued interest in ‘human kinds’ and the relationship between individuals and social categories.

In response to the philosophical debates surrounding the objectivity of scientific inquiry and theory, often referred to as ‘the science wars’, Dr. Hacking published The Social Construction of What? (1999). A collection of Dr. Hacking’s writing was published in the volume Historical Ontology (2002) taking essays authored throughout Dr. Hacking’s career to discuss the philosophical uses of history.

Dr. Hacking has been recognized for his work with numerous awards, fellowships, and honours. In 1991, Dr. Hacking was selected to present the Tarner Lectures at Trinity College, Cambridge University and is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences among other institutions. He is the recipient of the Canadian Council of the Art’s Molson Prize (2000), the inaugural Killam Prize for the Humanities (2002) and the Holberg International Memorial Prize (2009). Dr. Hacking was named a Companion to the Order of Canada in 2004.

Dr. Ian Hacking has three children, Daniel Hacking, Rachel Hacking, and Jane F. Hacking. Following two previous marriages, Dr. Hacking married Judith Baker (nee Polsky, 1938-2014) in 1983. Prof. Baker was a professor of philosophy at York University, Toronto.

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