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People and organizations

Turner, Vernon G.

  • Person
  • 1926-2021

Vernon George Turner (1926-2021) was a former Canadian ambassador. Born in Ottawa, Turner attended Maurice Cody Public School from 1936-1943 and North Toronto Collegiate Institute from 1943-1948. After completing a graduate degree in German history, Turner joined the Canadian Foreign Service in 1954 and spent 16 months in Hanoi, Vietnam as a junior member of the Canadian delegation to the International Commission for Supervision and Control (ICSC). Turner was also accredited to the United Nations in New York City in the late 1960s. Turner served as Canadian Ambassador to Israel and Cyprus from 1982 to 1986, and Ambassador to the USSR and the Mongolian People’s Republic from 1986 to 1990. He served as Foreign Service Visitor at the Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto from 1990-1991. Turner retired from the Canadian Foreign Service in 1991.

Uyeno, Tashichi George

  • Person
  • 1904-

Tashichi Uyeno was born July 4, 1904 in Hikon, Japan. His father was Mohachi Uyeno (1873 – 1959), and his mother was Miyoko Uyeno. Tashichi immigrated to Canada with his father in June of 1911. He had a sister, Mary (1916 – [1949]), and a brother Kenjiro (d. 1939). Mohachi’s brother Shuchi Fukunaga (b. 1890), eventually came to British Columbia as well. Mohachi was a skilled oar maker and worked for The Tommy Oar Co. Tashichi would go on to become an agent and broker for Richmond Trading Company which worked to import goods from Japan to Canada and the United States. In 1934, he returned to Japan to marry Akiko Shimano (b. 1912). They would later have two children, Shoichiro Godfrey Uyeno (b. 1935) and Haruyo Kathleen Uyeno (1938 – 2022). The children were born and raised in Vancouver until the forced removal from the coast during WWII. By then, the family had crisscrossed the Atlantic, as Mary Uyeno was now living in Shiga, Japan with her mother, since 1931. Kenjiro passed away in 1939, so his wife and children went to live with Mary and Miyoko. Eventually, Mary would marry and have three children. Though she desperately missed Canada and her life there, she would never return.

Prior to 1940, Tashichi had begun to use the name George T. Uyeno in business matters. By then he was a successful businessman, with agents in both Japan and the United States. He entered as a share holder with his father into the Vancouver Shoyu Manufacturers Limited, to begin manufacturing soy sauce in British Columbia, a commodity and product highly anticipated by many in the area. All the investors were Japanese Canadian, and by 1942 all of them were forced to sell their shares of the company to John Lim and King Chan. The family were forced to sell much of their personal assets and property, including land in North Vancouver. The family resided in Vancouver for as long as permitted, eventually going to Tashme, B.C. Shuchi Fukunaga also lived with the family in Tashme, though exiled to Japan in August of 1946. The Uyeno family moved frequently in these years, traveling from Tashme, to Kaslo, eventually settling in Blenheim, Ontario in 1946. They would later make their way to Toronto.

Murakami, Michael

  • Person
  • 1943-

Michael Murakami was born July 7, 1943 in Kaslo, B.C. His mother, Aiko Murakami (nee. Kondo) was born in Steveston, B.C. in 1917, and grew up in Victoria, B.C. after the Kondo family moved to the area in 1918. Michael’s father, David Masawo Murakami, was born in Vancouver, B.C. in 1917.

The Kondo family began their life in Canada when Shinjiro Kondo, a fish broker, traveled to Victoria in 1900 from Wakayama, Japan. He began work as a fisherman in Steveston, and in 1908 he sponsored Kinu to come to Canada to join him as his wife. Together they had five children, Tohachiro also known as Toki (1909), Matsuye (1910), Fusako (1912), Eichi (1914), Aiko (1917), and a sixth after moving to Victoria, Fumiko also known as Finks (1921).

In Victoria, Shinjiro began again as a fish broker, selling to Chinese restaurants in the area. He also spent his time volunteering for the Japanese Language school and became a Buddhist lay minister. Kinu who was trained as a dressmaker made children’s clothes, adding to the family’s income. The family was close to the Shimizus, who owned a rice mill, and Aiko became close to their daughter. Aiko was encouraged to finish highschool and eventually went into bookkeeping. She was an active member of the Japanese Canadian Citizen League and participated in their conventions with her brother Eichi. Like many women at the time, Aiko worked as a domestic and eventually took up dressmaking. Through these career choices she was able to move to Vancouver and attend Marietta’s School of Costume Design.

David Murakami was the youngest of three siblings. His parents had emigrated from the Yamaguchi prefecture, Japan and had settled in Vancouver across the street from Hastings Park. David worked as a fisherman, along the Skeena River. He held Captain’s papers and also worked as a skipper.

Aiko and David met at a New Years Eve party in 1941, and on May 7, 1942, they married at the Powell Street Japanese United Church. Eiko Henmi was the maid of honour, with Thomas Shoyama as the best man. Their courtship was in the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and so the couple were quickly sent to Kaslo, B.C. only 10 days after getting married.

The newlyweds joined many other Japanese Canadians who were also forcibly uprooted and moved to the interior of B.C. David worked as a truck driver for the B.C. Securities Commission and Aiko worked in the local Commission office. David was also named the official photographer in the Kalso internment camp by the B.C. Securities Commission, an important title as cameras had been forbidden to Japanese Canadians. In 1943, their son Michael was born. By 1944 the family moved to New Denver for David’s health. New Denver, B.C. had a recent sanitorium built for interned Japanese Canadians. It was often called “The San”. In New Denver, Aiko began teaching at the New Denver Orchard internment camp school, the elementary school for Japanese Canadians, and when they left in February 1947, she had been appointed principal.

The family eventually moved to Hamilton, then Toronto, ON. Aiko began to work as a secretary for Mitsui’s Canadian office and David became a watchmaker. David served on the board for the Watchmakers Association of Ontario for many years. During her free time, Aiko volunteered for the Toronto Nisei Women’s Club, and also served as president.

During the 1980s both Aiko and David were active in the Redress movement. Both marched on Parliament Hill in April 1988. On September 22, 1988, it was Aiko who ensured the Japanese flag was removed at Westbury Hotel after someone wrongfully included it along with the Canadian flag. In 1988 Aiko and David moved to Edmonton to be with their son Michael and his family. They both continued their work with the Redress movement, helping to organize Edmonton’s celebrations for the monumental victory. Aiko also served as the regional Redress Coordinator in the area.

David Murakami passed away in Edmonton, A.B. in 1992. Aiko Murakami passed away in Toronto, O.N. in 2020.

Shimizu, Hide

  • Person
  • 1908-1999

Hide Adelaide Shimizu (nee Hyodo) was born on May 11, 1908 in Vancouver, B.C. Her parents were Hideichi Hyodo and Toshiko Hyodo, both of whom had immigrated to Canada from Uwajima, Japan. She was the eldest of eight children.

After graduating John Oliver High School, she attended UBC though transferred to Vancouver Normal School a year later. Shimizu graduated with a teacher’s certificate in 1926. Due to anti-Japanese sentiments, few nisei became teacher. Shimizu was the first Japanese Canadian to teach in the British Columbia school system, taking a job at Lord Byng Elementary School in Steveston, B.C. The students at this school predominantly spoke Japanese, a language Shimizu did not speak. She pushed through the communication issue though, and taught there for 16 years.

Shimizu was very active in the community. She volunteered with the United Church and Japanese Canadian Citizens League (JCCL). She was one of four delegates to travel to Ottawa, sent by the JCCL to advocate for Japanese Canadian’s right to vote in 1936. Though the group were unable to convince the Elections and Franchise Acts Committee to grant voting rights to Japanese Canadians, this advocacy work did make her favorably known within the Japanese Canadian community.

Her passion for teaching continued and brought her to the 1937 World Education Conference held in Toyko. In 1942 when Japanese Canadians began to be sent to Hastings Park in Vancouver, Shimizu turned her attentions there. Concerned that the children now living there were no longer receiving any formal education, she began to travel to Vancouver from Steveston to organize classes led by those who had completed high school or generally a higher education. Throughout internment, the B.C. government was hesitant to set up and provide education to the thousands of children and young adults they had unsettled and moved to the interior. Shimizu was one of the last to leave Hastings Park, and as she made her way to New Denver to join other Japanese Canadians in an internment camp, she made a stop in Tashme to help set up an elementary school for those relocated there. She worked for the British Columbia Securities Commission to help set up classes and train teachers. Teachers were often other Japanese Canadians who had completed high school, not actual teachers. The B.C. government refused to provide support for high school students, so the community turned to the churches (Roman Catholic, United Church, and Anglican) to organize correspondence courses. Shimizu, under the supervision of the British Columbia Securities Commission advocated for supplies, equipment, and better working conditions. She continued her work until 1945 when she moved to Ontario to be with the rest of her family who had also moved there.

Hide married Reverend Kosaburo Shimizu in Toronto in 1948. He was a widower with four children whom Hide became step mother to. Rev. Shimizu had also been very active in advocating for Japanese Canadians during WWII. Now settled in Toronto, she began to spend her time working with the Nisei Church, the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre (JCCC), Nisei Women’s Club, the National Association of Japanese Canadians (NAJC) and the Momiji Health Care Society.

Hide Shimizu was made a Member of the Order of Canada by the Governor General in 1982. This was in recognition for her work in organizing education for children in the internment camps. In 1983 she was awarded the Order of the Precious Crown by the Japanese Government.

During the 1980s, many Sansei began to learn more about the Issei and Nisei internment of WWII. The Redress movement began to pick up momentum and Hide Shimizu became an active participant. She joined the NAJC in their march to Ottawa to demand redress for the government’s actions towards Japanese Canadians after Pearl Harbor. Hide Shimizu took center stage when she pulled out over 14 000 postcards from Canadians across the country stating their support for redress in the House of Commons. As a Member of the Order of Canada, her presents and support was invaluable to the NAJC and the movement.

Hide Shimizu passed away on 22 August in Nepean, Ontario.

Rastrick Workhouse

  • Corporate body

Rastrick is a small village in the riding of West Yorkshire in the vicinity of Brighouse. The Overseer of the Poor of Rastrick was a
yearly appointed and unpaid position, usually a landowner or church warden, who was tasked with assisting the poor of the parish.
This included estimating how much poor relief was required and setting the poor rate accordingly, as well as collecting the tax levied
on land and business owners, distributing relief to needy individuals and supervising the poor house. Prior to 1837, the Overseer at
Rastrick facilitated the treatment of the poor through the provisions set by the Gilbert Act (1782). Under this act, only the elderly, sick
and orphaned were removed to the workhouse, all able-bodied poor were eligible for ‘out-relief,’ which included monetary assistance
for food, clothing, schooling and housing. In 1834, the Poor Law Amendment Act emphasized that out-relief should cease and instead
that assistance only be given inside the workhouse. The roll-out of this new amendment was not put into effect in Lancashire and
Yorkshire (including Rastrick) until 1837. The Outdoor Labour Test Order of 1842 did reinstate out-relief to some capacity for the

Brown, Egerton

  • Person
  • 1904-1998

(Graham) Egerton Brown was the youngest son of Newtown Harcourt Brown. At the University of Toronto, Brown was the President of the University College Literary and Athletic Society. He received a BA in Political Science from the University of Toronto in 1926. Egerton Brown married Hazel Kingsworthy in 1927. He worked for Sun Life Assurance Company in Montreal for many years beginning as a clerk in 1921 (which he left to attend University of Toronto), returning in 1925, and eventually became Senior Vice-President in 1963. He was also a Fellow and President of the Life Insurance Institute of Canada. He died in 1998.

Brown, Elizabeth

  • Person
  • 1902-1990

(Agnes) Elizabeth Brown, the daughter of Newton Harcourt Brown, received a BA from the University of Toronto in 1928 (she was elected vice-president of the 2T8 University College class) and a MA in Personnel and Guidance from Columbia University in 1939. Prior to WWII, she worked for the department stores, Simpson’s and Eatons, and in New York, at Greenwich House. During the war, Elizabeth Brown initiated a program to recruit women into industries for the federal Department of Labour. Brown was the Chief of Mission for the UN Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) in Palestine (1945-1947). She later served as the Regional Officer for the National League of Nursing. When in Germany, she served as Director of Repatriation for the US zone for the International Refugee Organization (IRO) (1948-1952). Brown later became Director of Foster Parents Plan (1963-1969) in Ho Chi Ming City, Vietnam, formerly known as Saigon. She helped establish a Foster Parents Plan in Australia (1971-1972) before retiring. The Elizabeth Brown Travel Award was established in her name to support University College students provide humanitarian aid internationally. Brown died in 1990.

Pip, Ivan

  • Person

Ivan was born in the village of Koniushky in the Lviv region. He enlisted with the Polish cavalry in 1938 and, during the September Campaign of 1939, was wounded and captured by German armed forces. Ivan spent the rest of the war moving from one forced labour camp to another in the Hamburg region. Afterwards, he passed through several displaced persons camps in Lower Saxony and Schleswig‐Holstein. Ivan, an artist and musician, participated actively in the cultural life of Camp Korigen. He painted icons for the camp church, created stage sets for the performances staged there, and designed the costumes and makeup for the actors, crafted dolls for children, and played the violin both solo and with the camp orchestra, which he organized. In addition, Ivan illustrated camp journals, including Dzhmil´ (Bumblebee), a satirical‐humorous publication.
Ivan and Nadija Pip immigrated to Canada in 1948-1949. In Canada, Nadija Jaremenko Pip taught in several Ukrainian schools in Winnipeg and continued to write for Ukrainian-language periodicals and pedagogical journals.

Meinhardt, Emmi

  • Person

Emmi Oligschläger married Hermann Meinhardt in 1939, and they had one daughter, Ingeborg (Inga). Herman Meinhardt was killed by Allied Troops near Felbecke, Germany in April 1945. Emmi remarried in 1947 and soon lost touch with most of the Meinhardt family.

Johnston, Alexandra F.

  • Person
  • 1939–

Alexandra (Sandy) F. Johnston was born in 1939. She attended Brantford Public School, Brantford Collegiate Institute and Vocational School, and studied at Victoria College from 1957 to 1961, receiving her BA in English Language and Literature. She studied medieval drama in her post-graduate work, receiving her MA and PhD from the University of Toronto in 1962 and 1964, respectively. After teaching at Queen’s University, she returned to Victoria University to serve as Assistant Professor of English in 1967 and became Professor of English in 1978. In 1981, she was appointed the first female Principal of Victoria College, and served in that position until 1991. She served again as acting Principal in 2004. After retiring from teaching in 2004, as a Professor Emerita, she worked full-time on the Records of Early English Drama (REED) project, an international scholarly project that had begun in 1975. Her achievements have been acknowledged through an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Queen’s University and an honorary Doctorate of Divinity from The Presbyterian College, Montreal. She has also received the University of Toronto Faculty Award and is a member of the Royal Society of Canada.

Hutcheon, Linda

  • Person
  • 1947-

Linda Hutcheon is a University Professor Emeritus in the University of Toronto Department of English and the Centre for Comparative Literature, where she began teaching in 1988 after receiving her PhD. from the University of Toronto in 1975. Alongside Caryl Clark, she was co-chair of The Opera Exchange and presented over 40 educational symposia on the multi-disciplinary nature of opera.

Clark, Caryl Leslie

  • Person
  • 1953-

Caryl Clark is a retired Professor of Music History and Culture at the University of Toronto and Fellow at Trinity College. She studied music history at the University of Western Ontario (Honours BMus), McGill University (MA) and Cornell University (PhD.). Her research and teaching interests include Enlightenment aesthetics, Haydn studies, gender and ethnicity in opera, the politics of musical reception, piano cultures, Glenn Gould, and music entrepreneurship. Alongside Linda Hutcheon, she was co-chair of The Opera Exchange and presented over 40 educational symposia on the multi-disciplinary nature of opera.

Kabayama, Michiomi Abraham

  • Person
  • 1926-2016

Michiomi Abraham Kabayama was born 15 April 1926 in Japan, the eldest of eight siblings. He was the son of Rev. Jun Kabayama and Maki Kabayama (nee Tomekawa). The family emigrated in 1929 as Rev. Jun had been called to serve the Japanese United Church in Ocean Fall, B.C. The family stayed in Ocean Falls, until 1942 when Japanese Canadians were forced to relocate away from the coast. The family were the last to leave Ocean Falls, as Rev. Jun helped organize the many Japanese Canadians living there and prepared them for wherever they were forced to go. The Kabayamas then went to Hastings Park in Vancouver with only the possessions they could carry. The family was separated at Hastings Park, with Rev. Jun, Moichiomi, and the second eldest son Yoshiomi going to live in the men’s quarters, while Maki and the rest of the family lived in the women’s. In August 1942 the family was ordered to move again to Raymond, A.B. They lived in a small shack and worked on a sugar beet farm. Rev. Jun continued to minister the many Japanese Canadians who had been relocated to Alberta, traveling from town to town on a bicycle no matter the weather.

Michiomi would go on to obtain a PhD in Chemistry and Physics at the Universite du Montreal. He worked for TetraPak Canada, a member of the Vinyl Council of Canada, and published articles on the science involved. He had a wide variety of skills and interests, including Kendo and became a Sensei at the Takahashi Judo Club in Ottawa in 1974. Michiomi was an avid volunteer and supporter of human rights. In 1990 he was the Chairperson of the NAJC Task Force on Native Peoples and was tasked to lead the Earth Spirit Festival. Working with the Native Cultural Centre and the Greater Toronto Chapter of the NAJC, the festival celebrated both cultures’ arts. Many notables performed at the event’s 2-year run including David Suzuki and Buffy Saint Marie. Michiomi Abraham Kabayama passed away June 12, 2016.

Yamada, Shirley

  • Person
  • 1941-

Shirley Yamada was born September 28, 1941 in Cumberland, B.C. Her mother, Nancy Sumako Yamada (nee Kanemochi) was born in Skeena River, B.C. (1915-1965), while her father Henry Iwao Yamada was born in Hawaii (1905-N/A), traveled to Japan, then later immigrated to Canada. Henry worked as a logger at the Deep Bay Logging Co. in Fanny Bay, B.C. At 6 months old, Shirley and her family were sent to Grand Forks, B.C. a self-supporting site. She would later move to Toronto, ON and become a teacher. The 1977 Centennial of the first Japanese to settle in Canada was a well celebrated event in Toronto. Shirley joined the JC Centennial Society as a secretary and helped organize newsletters to distribute information about the project across the country. She became an integral member of the NAJC and human rights activist.

Graham, William C.

  • VIAF ID: 3968809
  • Person
  • 1939-03-17/2022-08-07

William Carvel Graham was born on March 17, 1939 in Montreal to Loring and Helen Bailey, although his parents divorced before he was born. In 1940 his mother married Francis Ronald Graham, who was in fact William's biological father. He predominantly grew up in Vancouver, although he moved to Toronto for education, attending Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto, where he was a student at Trinity College (class of 1961) during his undergraduate studies and later the Faculty of Law (class of 1964). During his time at the University of Toronto he joined the Royal Canadian Naval Reserve.

After graduating from law school he attended the Université de Paris to obtain a doctor of laws degree (1970) with a focus on international law. At the same time he worked for the Canadian law firm Fasken and Calvin on their European business, and would continue to work for them when he returned to Toronto, specializing in international trade and commercial law. In 1980 he returned to U of T's Faculty of Law as a professor, teaching international law. He also served as the president of the University of Toronto Faculty Association. Graham was also an active proponent of bilingualism. He was a director and later president (1979-1987) of Alliance française, and worked on an advisory committee for the implementation of bilingualism in Ontario courts.

In 1993, after two previous attempts in 1984 and 1988, he was elected to the House of Commons as the Liberal Party candidate for Rosedale (later, Toronto Centre-Rosedale and then Toronto Centre). He was appointed to the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade, and would later be appointed its chair from 1995-2002. His role as chair facilitated his involvement in several international parliamentary associations, including the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Canada-US Parliamentary Association, the Inter-Parliamentary Forum of the Americas, and Liberal International.

Graham was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs by Prime Minister Chrétien in January 2002. The major issues he faced during his tenure were the post-9/11 War on Terror and the invasion of Afghanistan, and the Canadian opposition to the American-led invasion of Iraq. In December 2003 Paul Martin replaced Jean Chrétien as prime minister. Graham continued as Minister of Foreign Affairs until the June 2004 general election. Subsequently, he was shuffled to Minister of National Defence. During his time at Defence he oversaw the Canadian response to America's Ballistic Missile Defence program expansion, the creation and implementation of a new defence policy and increased spending, and an agreement governing the treatment of detainees captured by Canadian soldiers and given into Afghan custody. Prime Minister Martin resigned as leader of the Liberal Party following his defeat in the January 2006 federal election. Graham was chosen to serve as Leader of the Opposition and interim leader of the Liberal Party until December 2006, when Stéphane Dion replaced him. Graham resigned his seat and retired from politics in July 2007.

In addition to his international affairs work, Graham was a vocal and active champion of gay rights throughout his political career. He worked to ensure discrimination based on sexual orientation was covered by human rights legislation, and fought for same-sex couples to receive equal pension benefits and, ultimately, the federal legal recognition of same-sex marriage.

That same year he was appointed Chancellor of Trinity College at the University of Toronto. He was involved in several non-governmental organizations and think tanks during his retirement, including the Atlantic Council of Canada, the Canadian International Council, and the Trilateral Commission. He also received several honours throughout this lifetime, including becoming an Honorary Colonel in the Governor Genera's Horse Guards and of the Canadian Special Forces Operational Command, and becoming a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour and of the Order of La Pléiade. In 2015 he was made a Member of the Order of Canada, and an Officer in 2020. He received honorary degrees from the Royal Military College of Canada (2010) and the University of Toronto (2018).

He married fellow Trinity College student Catherine Curry in 1962, and together they had two children, Katherine and Patrick.

Graham died in his sleep following a period of illness on August 7, 2022.

For more information, see Graham's autobiography Call of the World: A Political Memoir (UBC Press, 2016).

Boultbee, Horatio C.

  • Person
  • 1876-1952

Horatio Boultbee, 1876-1952, a brother of the architect, Arthur Boultbee, was trained as an architect, but did not practice. He devoted himself to the study of the English language. While he published very little, he was a considerable influence among a small circle of acquaintances who were interested in writing and the study of poetry.

Horatio Boultbee was president of the Toronto Tennis Club, and a member of the Arts and Letters Club. He died in Toronto at the age of 76.

His publications were:

  • The Oxford Lists and Other Poems. Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1931.
  • Longer Poems. Toronto, T.S. Best Printing Co., 1953.
  • The Famous Men of England, and Last Poems. Montreal, 1966.

Toronto Wagner Society

  • Local
  • Corporate body
  • 1975-

Founded in 1975 by Dorothy Graziani with the support of Dr. Boyd Neel, the Toronto Wagner Society is a non-profit organization of people with a common love of the music dramas of Richard Wagner. The Society's objective is to encourage interest in, study of, and further presentation of the music-drams of Wagner. The Society meets monthly and organizes various events (lectures, interviews, video screenings, roundtable discussions, debates, and reviews). Their newsletter, Wagner News, is issued to members 3-4 times per year and features articles, reviews, and information about Wagner performances worldwide. The Society also maintains a scholarship to support young singers.

Past chairs of the Society are: Dorothy Graziani (1975-1981); Eric Domville (1981-1985); Hans de Groot (1985-1990); Frances Henry (1990-1996, 2007-); Linda and Michael Hutcheon (1996-1999); Wayne Gooding (1999-2001); Helmut Reichenbächer (1999-2003); Richard Rosenman (2001-2005); Jim Fisher (2003-2007); Yvonne Chiu (2005-2009); and Lorne Albaum (2009-2013).

Centro, Vic

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1924-2007

Jazz accordionist Vic Centro was born in Vancouver, British Columbia and began his career there performing in clubs, on the radio, and on television programs. He was the leader of the Western Serenaders, Vancouver night club and radio entertainers (with Gordon Brand, electric guitar; Mike Ferby, bass guitar, novelty vocalist; George Tait, violin, keyboard; Johnny Lane and Beverley Thorburn, vocalists). While on the West coast, he also toured the Philippines and Okinawa, travelled with the USO, and performed with the Ray Norris Quintet. Later, he performed in Korea with the comedy duo Wayne and Schuster (1953).

In the late 1940s, he moved to Toronto, where he performed with Nimmons 'N' Nine, the Bill Page Orchestra, and his own Vic Centro Sextette. He was also part of the house band for the Billy O'Connor Show, CBC Television Network (1954-1956) with Jackie Richardson, bass and Kenny Gill, guitar.

In 1968, Centro moved to Los Angeles, before moving to Carson City in 1975 and Iowa in 2003.

University of Toronto. Opera Division

  • Local
  • Corporate body
  • 1946-

In the Fall of 1946, Arnold M. Walter, started the Opera School under the auspices of the Senior School of the Royal Conservatory of Music. The University of Toronto Faculty of Music assumed administrative and budgetary responsibilities for the Opera School in 1968 and it was officially renamed the "Opera Department of the Faculty of Music" in 1969, overseen by Chairman Ezra Schabas (1969-1978). In 1978, it became the "Opera Division" under Dean Gustav Ciamaga.

In a brief to the Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences in 1949, Walter described his initial aims for the Opera School: " a school it undertakes to train young singers and to make them familiar with all phases of operatic production; as an operatic company, it presents those artists so trained in productions which depend exclusively on Canadian talent."

The School's first full-length production was Smetana's The Bartered Bride (April 1947) at the Eaton Auditorium, following an opera excerpts concert on December 16, 1946 at Hart House Theatre. The School relocated to the Edward Johnson Building when it opened in 1963, and the Opera School performed Albert Herring's Benjamin Britten as part of the opening ceremonies (March 4, 1964) in the MacMillan Theatre, the new home of Opera School productions.

The new facilities offered further opportunities for training and performance, and in 1964, Wallace A. Russell began a course in theatre technology, offering instruction in technical direction, stage and production management, lighting, scenic and costume design. This program was cut in 1974, with a decision from the Ministry of Colleges and Universities that technical theatre training belonged at Ryerson Polytechnical Institute. In 1969, the university introduced a two-year post-graduate professional diploma in operatic performance, and the University of Toronto Symphony Orchestra started accompanying opera productions.

The opera program produced two fully-staged operas per year until 1985, when budgetary restrictions forced a reduction to one per year, supplemented by staged operatic excerpts with piano accompaniment. Its productions include a number of premiere performances, including Raymond Pannell's Aria da capo (1963); the English-language premiere of Humphrey Searle's Hamlet (1969); stage premiere of Healey Willan's Deirdre (1965); and Canadian premieres of Paisiello's Il Mondo della Luna (1962), Orff's Die Kluge (1961), Cherubini's The Portuguese Inn (1966), Holst's The Wandering Scholar (1966), Rossini's The Turk in Italy (1968), Robert Ward's The Crucible (1976), Richard Rodney Bennett's The Mines of Sulphur (1976), Janacek's Katya Kabanova (1977), Paisiello's The Barber of Seville (1977), Vaughan Williams' Sir John in Love (1984), and Tchaikovsky's Iolanta (1989).

The directors, musical directors, and stage directors of the opera program have included: Arnold Walter (director, 1946-1952), Ettore Mazzoleni (director, 1962-1966), Peter Ebert (director, 1967-1968), Anthony Besch (director, 1968-1969), Georg Philipp (director, 1969-1972), Richard Pearlman (director, 1972-1973), Nicholas Goldschmidt (musical director, 1946-1958), Ernesto Barbini (musical director, 1961-1975), James W. Craig (musical director, 1976-1990), Felix Brentano (stage director, 1946-1948), Herman Geiger-Torel (stage director, 1948-1976), Andrew MacMillan (stage director, 1952-1967), Werner Graf (stage director, 1963-1966), Peter Ebert (stage director, 1967-1968), Anthony Besch (stage director, 1968-1969), Leon Major (stage director), Giuseppe Macina (stage director, 1969-1974), Constance Fisher (stage director 1972-1978, coordinator 1978-1983, associate coordinator 1987-), Michael Albano (stage director 1977-1982, coordinator 1983-1987, associate coordinator 1987-), and Sandra Horst (co-director, director).

Chairman of the Board of Regents of Victoria University

  • Corporate body
  • 1926-

The Chairman of the Board of Regents is appointed by the Board and presides at all meetings. They are to have a general oversight and control of the business of the Board and is a member ex officio of all Committees of the Board.

Past Chairs:
Albert Carman, class of Vic 1883
1884-1914 - Samuel Dwight Chown
1914-1928 - Newton Wesley Rowell
1928-1933 - Alfred Ernest Ames: He first became a member of the Board in 1898 and in 1915 he was appointed as Chairman of the Executive Committee and Vice-Chairman of the Board. He also served on the Finance Committee and the Plans and Buildings Committee. Ames was born in 1866 and died in 1934.
1933-1934 - James Russell Lovett Starr, class of Vic 1887
1934-1942 - Wilfred Crossen James, class of Vic 1916: James was also Bursar at Victoria University, 1951-1962.
1942-1951 - Leopold Macaulay, class of Vic 1911, Osgoode Hall 1914: Won a gold medal at Vic for high academic standing. Named King's Counsel in 1929. Elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, representing the riding of York South in 1926 and kept his seat until he was defeated in the 1943 election. Served continuously on the Board from 1932-1972. Also served terms as President of the Victoria College Alumni Association and the University of Toronto Alumni Association. In 1973, he received an Honorary Doctorate from Victoria University in recognition for his outstanding service. The Leopold Macaulay Admissions Scholarship was endowed after his death. Born in Peterborough Nov 25, 1887, died Dec 24 1979.
1951-1958 - Henry Eden Langford, class of Vic 1928
1958-1962 - Ralph Shaw Mills, class of Vic 1925
1962-1971 - Frederick Arthur Wansbrough, class of Vic 1928
1971-1974 - Donald Walker McGibbon, class of Vic 1932
1974-1978 - G. Dennis Lane, class of Vic 1955
1978-1982 - Henry Jonathon Sissons, class of Vic 1937
1982-1985 - David Walter Page Pretty, class of Vic 1947: Also the President of North American Life Insurance. Born August 23, 1925 and died in 2014.
1985-1989 - Ruth Marion Alexander (nee Manning), class of Vic 1950: Born in 1929.
1989-1992 - Paul Wesley Fox, class of Vic 1944
1992-1995 - Richard P.K. Cousland, class of Vic 1954
1995-1998 - Elizabeth (Eastlake) Vosburgh, class of Vic 1968
1998-2001 - David E. Clark, class of Vic 1971
2001-2004 - Frank Mills, class of Vic 1968
2004-2007 - Murray Corlett, class of Vic 1961
2007-2010 - Paul Huyer, class of Vic 1981
2010-2014 - John Field, class of Vic 1978
2014-2021- Lisa Khoo, class of Vic 1989
2021 - present - Cynthia Crysler class of Vic 9T0

Hadwen, John G.

  • F2307
  • Person
  • 1923-2007

John Gaylard Hadwen was born in Toronto in 1923, the son of Dr. Seymour and Estelle Alden Hadwen. He was educated at the University of Toronto Schools, Trinity College, the London School of Economics, and the Universitaire des Hautes Études Internationales (Geneva). He joined the Department of External Affairs in 1950, and served first in Pakistan, New York, Oslo, and Ottawa. He was High Commissioner to Malaysia and Singapore and Ambassador to Burma 1967-71, Ambassador to Pakistan and Afghanistan 1972-74, High Commissioner to India and Ambassador to Nepal 1979-83, Director General of the East Asia Bureau 1983-85 and Director General of the Bureau for Security Services, 1985-86. He also served as assistant to Lester B. Pearson and to Paul Martin Sr. He was the author of numerous essays and articles and completed a book-length manuscript, unpublished, on the Colombo Plan.

The Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific was conceived at the Commonwealth Conference on Foreign Affairs held in Colombo, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in January 1950. It was launched on 1 July 1951 as a co-operative venture for the economic and social advancement of the peoples of South and Southeast Asia. Originally it was called the Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic Development in South and Southeast Asia. It has grown from a group of seven Commonwealth nations - Australia, Britain, Canada, Ceylon, India, New Zealand, and Pakistan - into an international organization of 26 countries, including non-Commonwealth countries. When it adopted a new constitution in 1977, its name was changed to The Colombo Plan for Co-operative Economic and Social Development in Asia and the Pacific. The name change was to reflect the expanded composition of its enhanced membership and the scope of its activities. The administrative structure of the Colombo Plan consists of the Consultative Committee (elected political leaders or senior representatives of member governments), the Council for Technical Cooperation, and the Colombo Plan Bureau, headed by a director and staff, whose role is to fulfil matters assigned to them by the Consultative Committee. These three groups are supported by the Information Section headed by a Principal Information Officer, responsible for publications issued by the Colombo Plan. [Source: John Hadwen fonds and]

John Hadwen was married to the former Shirley Vivyan Brown and had four sons: Timothy, Peter, Matthew, and Anthony. He died at his cottage near Dwight, Ontario, in 2007.

Cunningham, Frank A.

  • Person
  • 1940-2022

Frank Arthur Cunningham (5 August 1940 – 4 February 2022) was a white Professor of Philosophy and Political Science at the University of Toronto and the 6th Principal of Innis College. His research and activism focused on issues related to democracy, equity, and urban politics. He was also instrumental in establishing philosophy courses in the Ontario Secondary School curriculum.

Early Life and Education

Prof. Cunningham was born to a white, middle-class Republican family in Evanston, Illinois. Growing up in a small town with little cultural and racial diversity, he was frequently exposed to the racist opinions held by the community. In 1958, Prof. Cunningham left home to attend Indiana University where he began to challenge the racist stereotypes he learned from his upbringing. He received his B.A in 1962 and continued on to the University of Chicago where he received his M.A. in 1965. During his graduate studies, he fell in with a group of Jewish students who furthered his awareness of the prejudice faced by racialized people which led him to begin embracing a Marxist perspective. Shortly after, Prof. Cunningham moved to Toronto with his first wife to pursue his doctoral studies at the University of Toronto. At this time, he was introduced to the work of C. B. Macpherson, a leading political theorist at the University’s Department of Political Economy. Prof. Cunningham then established a relationship with C. B. Macpherson who provided counselling and support throughout his studies. The views of C. B. Macpherson went on to heavily influence Prof. Cunningham and his work throughout the rest of his career. In 1970, Prof. Cunningham completed his Ph.D. in Systematic Philosophy for his dissertation Objectivity in Social Science. He remained in Toronto and received his Canadian citizenship in 1973.

Academic Appointments

While working on his doctorate, Prof. Cunningham was hired as a lecturer by the University of Toronto Department of Philosophy in 1967. He continued to teach at the Department, becoming an Assistant Professor (1970), Associate Professor (1974), and Professor in (1986). Following his tenue, he was cross appointed to the Department of Political Science (2000), the University’s Cities Centre (2007), and as an Associate Instructor of History and Philosophy of Education at OISE (2007). Prof. Cunningham has also held several visiting positions internationally at the University of Amsterdam (1990), Lanzhou University (1991), Ritsumeikan University (1994, 1997, 2007), and the University of Rome (1999). In 2009, he retired to Professor Emeritus status and remained active in the academic community. Post-retirement, Prof. Cunningham became an Adjunct Professor at the Simon Fraser University’s Urban Studies Program.

Much of his research and courses focused on social and political philosophy, with a later focus on urban philosophy, including topics such as democratic theory, Marxism, environmental philosophy, feminist philosophy, racism, and urban politics. Prof. Cunningham was known as a dedicated, thoughtful, and inspiring teacher who challenged students to envision a more democratic and egalitarian future.

University of Toronto

In addition to teaching, Prof. Cunningham was an active participant in the University of Toronto community where he attempted to bring about social change at the university and beyond. During his early career he was a founding member of the University’s Faculty Reform Caucus and Faculty Committee on Vietnam. He also held several administrative positions, including Associate Chair (1977 – 1978), Chair (1982 – 1988) and Acting Chair (1991 – 1992) of the Department of Philosophy; Principal of Innis College (2000 – 2005); and Interim Director for the Centre of Ethics (2011). As Principal of Innis College, he established a column in the Innis College Herald and helped develop the University of Toronto-Regent Park Learning Exchange Program which provided free, non-credit courses for adults on a wide range of interdisciplinary topics to small classes of adult residents of Regent Park. He also contributed to the establishment of the University’s Bioethics program as well as its Cities Centre, which operated from 2007 to 2013. Additionally, Prof. Cunningham has served on more than 80 University committees including the Transitional Year Programme (TYP) Evaluation Committee (1975), the Provost’s Committee on Teaching Assistant Workloads (1991 – 1992).

Activism and Professional Activities

As a political activist, Prof. Cunningham was committed to advancing equity, social justice, and democratic socialism. He became increasingly involved in numerous anti-racist, anti-imperialist, feminist, and socialist movements beginning in the mid ‘60s. In 1964, he campaigned for the presidential candidate Lyndon B. Johnson against Barry Goldwater, who Prof. Cunningham believed was willing to start a nuclear war. He also protested the Vietnam War and apartheid in South Africa, the latter of which led to his arrest. Around the later 2000s, he also began to get involved with neighborhood-level politics within his local communities. He became a Board Member of the Annex Resident’s Association (2007 – 2013) and the Chair of its Planning and Zoning Committee (2009 – 2013). After moving to the West End of Vancouver in 2013, he also cofounded the neighborhood association Denman and West Neighbours (DAWN) to establish communication with Vancouver’s City Council and Park Board to ensure local residents could have input on upcoming changes to their community.

Being passionate about education and philosophy, Prof. Cunningham helped lead the campaign to introduce philosophy courses to Ontario’s secondary school curriculum. Prior to 1986, he co-organized the Secondary School Philosophy Committee which led to the creation of the Ontario Secondary School Philosophy Project. Prof. Cunningham was also a founding member of the Ontario Philosophy Teachers’ Association which helps further the development of the curriculum. Similarly, he was Vice-President (1996 – 1997) and President (1997 – 1998) of the Canadian Philosophical Association.

Research and Publications

Prof. Cunningham is the author of 7 books and many more publications in academic journals and public press. His early works include Objectivity in Social Science (1973), his thesis re-worked for a broader audience, and Understanding Marxism: A Canadian Introduction (1977) which became widely used in post-secondary institutions across Canada. Shortly after, his research became focused on democratic theory and led to the publication of Democratic Theory and Socialism (1987), The Real World of Democracy Revisited and Other Essays on Socialism and Democracy (1994), and Theories of Democracy: A Critical Introduction (2002). In 2019, he published The Political Thought of C. B. Macpherson: Contemporary Applications in which Prof. Cunningham describes and analyzes Macpherson’s core theories and applies them to contemporary issues including neoliberalism, racism, intellectual property, globalization, and urban challenges. In his final book, Ideas in Context: Essays in Social & Political Theory (2020), Cunningham provides a selection of essays together with a brief narrative on the personal and political contexts in which they were written.

Honours and Awards

Prof. Cunningham has been recognized for his work with numerous fellowships and awards. Throughout his post-secondary studies, he was the recipient of a Ford Foundation Fellowship (1961 – 1962), Woodrow Wilson Fellowship (1962 – 1963), School of Letters Fellowship (1964 – 1965), and a Mary Beatty Fellowship (1965 – 1966). He was a Faculty Teaching Fellow at the University of Toronto from 1974 – 1975, and he later became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1995 and a Senior Fellow at Massey College in 1999. Prof. Cunningham was also the recipient of a Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal (2002) and a U of T SAC/APUS Undergraduate Teaching Award (2005).


Prof. Cunningham was the eldest of three children born to Art and Mary (née Gaskins) Cunningham. His siblings were Candice and Larry. He met his first wife, feminist and fellow student Charnie Guettel, during his studies at Indiana University. Together, they moved to Toronto in 1965 and gave birth to a son, Will, in 1967. Five years later in 1972, he married Maryka Omatsu, who eventually became the first woman of East Asian descent to be appointed a Judge in Canada in 1993. The couple remained together for 50 years until his death.

Prof. Cunningham died in Vancouver at the age of 81 on February 4, 2022.

Baines, Andrew D.

  • Person
  • 1934-

Dr. Andrew DeWitt Baines (b. 17 July 1934) is a white Professor Emeritus of Laboratory Medicine at the University of Toronto and former Principal of New College, Vice-Dean of Education at the Faculty of Medicine, and Biochemist-in-Chief at The Toronto Hospital (now part of the University Health Network). Academically, he is best known for his nephrology research and for developing the Stowe-Gullen Stream of the Vic One Program at Victoria College. Dr. Baines was also involved in the development of health-related educational programs and culturally relevant services for Indigenous students at the University of Toronto.

Raised in Toronto, Dr. Baines attended high school at Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute. In 1953, he enrolled in the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine’s pre-medicine program. While in medical school, he was rugby player and team captain for the Varsity Blues. Dr. Baines received his M.D. in 1959, where he was awarded the Cody Silver Medal for achieving the second highest cumulative average grade in his graduating class. In 1960, Dr. Baines returned to U of T as doctoral student under the supervision of Dr. T. F. Nicholson and Dr. James A. Dauphinee. He achieved a Ph.D. (1965) in Pathological Chemistry and a Starr Medal for his research on the relationship between the structure and function of the kidney. Afterwards, he completed postgraduate fellowships at the University of North Carolina Department of Medicine (1965 – 1967) and the Saclay Nuclear Research Centre Department of Physiology in Paris, France (1967 – 1968).

University of Toronto Appointments
Upon completing his postgraduate research, Dr. Baines returned to the University of Toronto as an Associate Professor at the Department of Pathological Chemistry in July 1968. He was later appointed as Professor of Clinical Biochemistry and Professor of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology between 1973 – 2005. Afterwards, Dr. Baines developed the Augusta Stowe-Gullen Stream of the Vic One Program at Victoria College which he coordinated and co-taught from 2005 to 2018. In 2013, he was appointed the first James and Anne Nethercott Professor at Victoria College.

Dr. Baines has also held several additional administrative appointments, including: Assistant to the Dean of Undergraduate Affairs, Faculty of Medicine (1973 – 1974); Principal of New College (1974 – 1979); Chairman of the Department of Clinical Biochemistry (1988 – 1994); Vice-Dean of Education, Faculty of Medicine (1994 – 1999); and Acting Program Director of the University of Toronto Sioux Lookout Program (1997 – 1998).

Likewise, he has chaired numerous committees at the University of Toronto, including the Undergraduate Education Committee for the Department of Clinical Biochemistry (1968 – 1972) and the Faculty of Medicine (1972 – 1974); Advisory Committee on the Hannah Chair for the History of Medicine (1982 – 1984); Presidential Committee on Professional Faculty Education for Native Students (1983 – 1986); Advisory Committee (1986 – 1991) and Management Committee (1991 – 1993) for the Aboriginal Health Professions Program; as well as the Clinical Long Range Planning Committee (1991).

Hospital Appointments
Beginning in the early 1970s, Dr. Baines concurrently practiced as an Associate Physician at the Toronto General Hospital (TGH). He was later appointed as Biochemist-in-Chief at TGH and The Toronto Hospital (after the merger between the Toronto General and Toronto Western Hospitals in 1986) from 1984 – 1994. Additionally, Dr. Baines has served on several committees including the Council of Heads of Laboratory Departments (1984 – 1988), Joint Council of Laboratory Directors (1987 – 1994), Medical Advisory Board (1977 – 1998), Medical Education Committee (1988 – 1994), Committee for Coordination of Downtown Genetic Services (1989 – 1992), The Toronto Hospital Laboratory Committee (1990 – 1992) at TGH and The Toronto Hospital; the Planning Committee for Women’s College Hospital (1989); the Molecular Diagnosis Laboratory Steering Committee (1991); and the Board of Trustees at the Hospital of Sick Children (1994 – 2004, 2019).

Research and Publications
Dr. Baines has published over 80 articles, reviews, and chapters throughout his academic career. Much of his early work relates to the structure, function, and physiology of kidneys. He later expanded his research to include studies on the effects of the sympathetic nervous system on kidneys and heart, methods in laboratory medicine, as well as clinical research related to hypertension and blood substitutes. Dr. Baines’s research appears in numerous high-impact academic journals including Kidney International, the American Journal of Kidney Diseases, and the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. As of 2024, more than twenty of his most cited articles have over 50 – 200 citations.

Honours and Awards
Dr. Baines has received numerous awards, fellowships, and honours in recognition of his work. In addition to the Cody Silver Medal (1959) and Star Medal for Outstanding Scholarship (1965), he was elected a Senior Fellow at Massey College in 1981 followed by the Canadian Society Clinical Chemists Cybermedics Award in 1982 and the Medical Award from the Kidney Foundation of Canada in 1994. He also became a Fellow of the Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Canada in 1988 and has been awarded several major research grants from NSERC, the Medical Research Council of Canada, the Kidney Foundation, the Heart and Stroke Foundation, and Hemosol.

Dr. Baines is married to Dr. Cornelia Baines (neé van Erk) who is known academically for her work on the Canadian National Breast Screening Study. The couple met and married while in medical school at the University of Toronto. They have two kids: Nicole and Nigel.

Seaborn, J. Blair

  • March 18, 1924 - November 11, 2019

James Blair Seaborn, diplomat and civil servant, was born in Toronto on March 18, 1924, the son of Richard Seaborn, an Anglican priest, and his wife Muriel. He was educated at the Toronto Normal School, the University of Toronto Schools, and in 1941 he entered Trinity College. In 1943 he enlisted in the army, training with the Royal Canadian Artillery. He served briefly in England and Holland, returning home in 1946. He received his BA in 1947, and an MA in political economy in 1948. While at Trinity College he met Carol Trow (4T8); they married in 1950 and had two children, Geoffrey (Trinity 7T3) and Virginia (Trinity 7T6).

Seaborn joined the Department of External Affairs in 1948, working for e newly appointed Secretary of State for External Affairs, Lester B. Pearson, taking on positions at home and abroad. From 1950 to 1954 he was Second Secretary in The Hague, followed by a promotion to First Secretary in Paris from 1957 to 1959. These positions were followed by a stint in Moscow as Counsellor (1959-1962), and Head, Eastern European Section from 1962-64, and 1966-67, back in Ottawa. Between these last two postings Seaborn served as Canadian Commissioner, International Commission for Supervision and Control, in Saigon. In 1964 and 1965 he was sent on six missions to Hanoi. From 1967 to 1970, back in Ottawa, Seaborn was Head of the Far Eastern Division.

Leaving External Affairs he moved to the Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, serving as Assistant Deputy Minister, Consumer Affairs, from 1970 to 1974. He then moved to the Department of the Environment, as Deputy Minister from 1974 to 1982. He was Canadian Chairman of the International Joint Commission from 1982 to 1985, and Intelligence and Security Co-ordinator in the Privy Council Office from 1985 to 1989. In 1989 he retired from the Public Service of Canada.

Post-retirement, Seaborn joined the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency as Chairman, Environmental Assessment Panel on Nuclear Fuel Waste Management and Disposal Concept. He was actively involved in the Five Lakes Fishing Club in the Gatineau area, and participated in yearly hikes along the Appalachian Trail in New England. He became a resource for countless researchers on the Vietnam War, and on environmental issues, contributing to many articles, interviews, conferences, and broadcasts. In 2000 he became a Member of the Order of Canada. His wife, Carol, predeceased him on June 27, 2011; Blair Seaborn died on November 11, 2019, in Ottawa.

Macdougall, Donald V.

  • Person

Donald V. Macdougall began his studies at the University of Toronto in 1966. He received his B.A. (Hons.) from Victoria College in 1970. He later received an LL.B. (1973) from Queen's University and and LL.M. (1985) from Cornell.

Brown, Joshua Price

  • Person
  • 1805-1904

Joshua Brown was born and educated in Manchester, England on 7 April 1805. Brown was a police superintendent and amateur scientist in Stockport and Manchester. In 1841, he briefly moved to New York to look for employment with the police service before travelling back to Manchester. In 1854, Brown wrote System of the Universe, a text based on his understanding of the principles and internal laws of the earth’s matter. He positioned his viewpoint in opposition to the Newtonian philosophy of how motion affects matter . He married Sarah Price Brown in 1833 and his family, including five sons and four daughters, emigrated to Canada in 1855. Once here, they settled in Simcoe County, Ontario. Brown was part of Lynedoch Lyceum, a debating society in Ontario. He died in 1904.

Shopiro, Leonard

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1930-2000

Leonard "Len" Shoprio was a Toronto musician who played with various army bands (Irish Regiment of Canada, the Queen's Own Rifles, and the RCAF 411 Squadron) as well as his own Lenny Shopiro Rehearsal Band. He also worked as a music teacher for the Metropolitan Separate School Board. Over his lifetime, he developed an extensive music library of arrangements and charts, which he bequeathed to the University of Toronto Music Library.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

  • Corporate body
  • 1936-

The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) is Canada's national broadcasting system, created in 1936. It replaced the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC), established in 1932.

Wilton, Murray Alexander

  • Person
  • 1911-2000

Murray Alexander Wilton graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree in 1932. For many years, as an Alumnus, he was active in the University of Toronto Athletic Association including the Advisory Board and the T-Holder's Association. He held various positions on both bodies and was involved in organizing events, writing reports, and maintaining membership lists.

Angus, Ian

  • Person
  • 1945 -

Scholar and activist Ian Angus has been involved in following Canadian socialism and communism since the late 1970s. Author of Canadian Bolsheviks: The Early Years of the Communist Party of Canada (originally published in 1981), Angus has followed Canadian communism and other solidarity movements for years. Having an established background in ecosocialism, Angus is the editor of the journal Climate & Capitalism as well as a founding member of the Global Ecosocialist Network. Other more recent publications include Facing the Anthropocene: Fossil Capitalism and the Crisis of the Earth System (2016) and A Redder Shade of Green: Intersections of Science and Socialism (2017).

Howell, Nancy

  • Person
  • 1938 -

Nancy Howell is a sociologist best known for her demographic research on the !Kung San in Botswana. Howell was born in 1938 and grew up in Michigan. Howell graduated with her B.A. in 1963 from Brandeis University and with her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1968. Her doctorate research centred on the study of the abortion network in the United States prior to Rowe vs Wade ruling. Her thesis was published in 1969, titled The Search for an Abortionist and was since re-released in 2014 as an e-book.

It was at Harvard where she met and married anthropologist Richard Lee. The two spent nearly two and half years living among the !Kung San in Botswana from 1967 to 1969. The couple divorced in teh early 1970s but this fieldwork was the source of her lifelong interest in the !Kung San. She is the author of numerous articles on the !Kung San and has published two books focusing on these hunter gatherer peoples including The Demography of the Dobe !Kung (1979 and 2nd edition 2000) and Life Histories of the Dobe !Kung (2010).

In 1985, the tragic death of Lee and Howell’s son Alex while in Botswana with Lee on a field trip shifted her research for the half decade. Howell wrote and researched extensively on the health and safety of anthropologist working in the field. The result of this effort was the publication of a report of the American Anthropologist Association in 1990, Surviving Fieldwork: Health and Safety in Anthropological Fieldwork.

Howell taught sociology at Princeton University (1970-1972) before moving to the University of Toronto in 1972. She was a Faculty member of the Department of Sociology from 1972 to 2004 and served as Associate Dean of the School of Graduate Studies from 1982-1985. During her years at the University of Toronto, she had stints as visiting professor at the University of California Berkeley (1977-1978) and the University of Botswana in Gaborone (1991-1992). She has also held several fellows at Stanford University. Nancy Howell is retired from teaching but continues to publish and lecture occasionally. She lives in Fort Meyers Florida.

Hollander, Samuel

  • Person
  • 1937-

Samuel Hollander was born in 1937 in London England. He grew up in an orthodox Jewish family where at the age of 16 he was sent to Gateshead-on-Tyne for Talmudic training. After returning to London in 1953 and completing “Advanced Level” requirements at Hendon Technical College and Killburn Polytechnic, he entered the London School of Economics. There, he was taught by well known economists, Lionel Robbins, Bernard Corry and Kurt Klappholz, to name a few. He graduated with a B. Sc. in Economics in 1959 and went to Princeton University where he completed his A.M. and Ph.D. by 1963.

He was recruited by Vincent Bladen to come to the University of Toronto to teach the history of economic thought and received his first appointment as Assistant Professor in 1963, rising through the ranks to Professor in 1970. In 1984 he received the distinction of University Professor, a lifetime honorary title held by only 14 professors at any one given time. Other prestigious honours include being named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1976 and the First Bladen Lecturer, 1982 and Innis Lecturer, 1982. Hollander’s research has been recognized by the support of various fellowships and grants including the Guggenheim Fellowship (1968-69), Senior Canada Council Grant (1969-71), the Killam Senior Research Fellowship (1974-75), Connaught Senior Fellowship (1984-85) as well as numerous Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada Grants.

Hollander’s diligent research and innovative interpretations of the British classical economists have earned him distinction and recognition internationally in the field of the history of economic thought. Since the publication of The Economics of David Ricardo in 1979, Hollander’s works (numerous books and over 100 articles) have been the subject of unprecedented debate among academics. In a review of one of his recent books The Economics of Thomas Robert Malthus, the author, Walter Eltis of Oxford, refers to a possible “Hollanderian approach to the history of economics” (History of Economic Thought Newsletter, No. 59 Winter 1997 pp.20-23). In 1991, a campaign to procure Hollander a Nobel Prize was initiated. Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson of MIT wrote to University of Toronto President Robert Prichard in support of this campaign and noted that “Professor Hollander of your university, by virtue of the depth and breadth of his writings on classical economics, I have to regard as virtual dean of his discipline”. At Hollander’s request, this endeavour was put on hold until the publication of his Malthus manuscript. In September 1998, in view of his early retirement from the University of Toronto, a two day conference was organized in his honour.

Since 2000, Hollander has been a professor, lecturer and research associate in the Department of Economics at Ben-Gurion University in Beer-Sheva, Israel. He remains an active member in the political economy community, and continues to write extensively. He has published The Economics of Karl Marx: Analysis and Application in 2008, Friedrich Engels and Marxian Political Economy in 2011, and Essays on Classical and Marxian Political Economy in 2013, John Stuart Mill: Political Economist (2015), A History of Utilitarian Ethics: Studies in Private Motivation and Distributive Justice (2020), and Immanuel Kant and Utilitarian Ethics (2022).

Bodle, Douglas

  • Person
  • 1923-2022

(George Talbot) Douglas Bodle, pianist, harpsichordist, organist, was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba August 7, 1923. He taught piano, harpsichord, and organ at the University of Toronto Faculty of Music from 1969 to 1989, and on a part-time basis in 1990-1991.

Manson, Robert Graham

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1883-1950

Robert Graham Manson was a violinist, violist, pianist, and composer. Born in London, England on July 11, 1883 to James Alexander Manson (journalist and author) and Margaret Emily Deering, Robert G. Manson studied music at the Royal College of Music in London (1900-1903) with Arthur Somervell, Sir Frederick Bridge, and Sir Charles Villiers Stanford. After graduation he stayed in the United Kingdom where he performed with the Scottish Orchestra and London Symphony Orchestra.

By 1911, he was living at a boarding house at 320 Spadina Avenue, Toronto, Ontario with fellow musician Percy Thomas, a second violinist in the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (TSO) conducted by Frank Welsman starting in 1908. Manson also played in Welsman's TSO, and is listed as a violist on two programs for TSO concerts with Kathleen Parlow (March 16, 1911 and October 18, 1911).

After World War One, during which he served in the British Expeditionary Force, he married Mary L. Stewart in Bedford, England (m. 1921, d. 1940 in Toronto) and performed regularly in North America, including two seasons with the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Nikolai Sokoloff, and fifteen years with the "New" Toronto Symphony Orchestra, formed by Luigi von Kunits (violin, 1925-1932; viola, 1932-1940). He also performed with the Spivak String Quartet, led by Elie Spivak, and taught at the Hambourg Conservatory of Music in Toronto.

Manson also wrote a number of original compositions and made several arrangements. His compositions exist in manuscript form only. Helmut Kallmann's Catalogue of Canadian Composers (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1952) lists eight manuscripts: Symphony in C minor, An Atlantean episode, Niagara, Canadian fantasy, Ukrainian fantasy, Quintet in F major, Quartet in D major, Alouette. and The collection of Manson's manuscripts at the University of Toronto Music Library also includes Symphony in G minor, which was premiered in County Orange Hall by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Donald Heins; Symphony in D major; and two of Manson's arrangements.

During World War Two, he served as a translator in Ottawa; on one of his travel documents from a trip in 1922 from England to Canada, he listed having reading comprehension of English, French, German, and Spanish. Following the war, he continued to perform regularly in and outside of Canada. According to his obituary, he performed at the Hart House Theatre two weeks before he died at his home on 49 Huntley Street, Toronto on February 14, 1950.

Hacking, Ian

  • Person
  • 1936 - 2023

Dr. Ian MacDougall Hacking (18 February 1936 - 10 May 2023) was a white analytic philosopher whose work drew from multiple disciplines, including the history of science, statistics, physics, and psychology. Recognized as an influential contemporary thinker, Dr. Hacking is noted for his examination of the relationships between the physical and social sciences.

Raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, Hacking received his B.A. in Physics and Mathematics (1956) from the University of British Columbia. He later became a student at the University of Cambridge’s Trinity College, studying moral sciences. Here, he received a BA (1958), followed by an M.A. and PhD (1962). Between the 1960s and early 1980s, Hacking held academic teaching positions at universities internationally. These included his alma maters, the University of British Columbia (1964-1967) and the University of Cambridge (1969-1974), as well Princeton University (1961-1962), Makerere University College in Uganda (1967-1969), Stanford University (1975-1982), and Germany’s Bielefeld University (1982-1983).

In 1982, Hacking accepted a position at the University of Toronto Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology and, in 1991, was awarded the title of University Professor. Following his tenure at the University of Toronto, he was appointed Chaire de philosophie et histoire des concepts scientifiques at the Collège de France. His term from 2000 to 2006 marked the first time an Anglophone philosopher was awarded the prestigious position. Subsequently, Hacking taught at the University of Chicago (2007), the University of California, Santa Cruz (2008-2010), and the University of Cape Town (2011) as a visiting professor. He numerous year he continued his work as University Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and Professeur honoraire at the Collège de France.

Hacking published fourteen books in addition to numerous reviews, articles, and editorials. The books he authored comprise both his academic writing as well more popular texts directed to general audiences. His early text, The Emergence of Probability (1975), explores the influence of a 17th century concept of probability in contemporary thought. Logic, statistical theory, and the history of mathematics are also the central topics of Hacking’s Logic of Statistical Interference (1965), Taming of Chance (1990), An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic (2001), and Why is There Philosophy of Mathematics at All? (2014).

Hacking’s later texts, Rewriting the soul: Multiple personality and the sciences of memory (1995) and Mad travelers: Reflections on the reality of transient mental illnesses (1998), discuss psychiatric illness and the behavioral and social effects of diagnosis. These texts also reflect Hacking’s longstanding interest in ‘human kinds’ and the relationship between individuals and social categories.

In response to the philosophical debates surrounding the objectivity of scientific inquiry and theory, often referred to as ‘the science wars’, Hacking published The Social Construction of What? (1999). A collection of Dr. Hacking’s writing was published in the volume Historical Ontology (2002) taking essays authored throughout Hacking’s career to discuss the philosophical uses of history.

Hacking was recognized for his work with numerous awards, fellowships, and honours. In 1991, he was selected to present the Tarner Lectures at Trinity College, Cambridge University and is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences among other institutions. He was the recipient of the Canadian Council of the Art’s Molson Prize (2000), the inaugural Killam Prize for the Humanities (2002) and the Holberg International Memorial Prize (2009). Hacking was named a Companion to the Order of Canada in 2004.

Ian Hacking had three children, Daniel Hacking, Rachel Hacking, and Jane F. Hacking. Following two previous marriages, Dr. Hacking married Judith Baker (nee Polsky, 1938-2014) in 1983. Prof. Baker was a professor of philosophy at York University, Toronto. Following a period of declining health, Hacking died on May 10, 2023.

Imai, Shin

  • Person
  • 1950-

Shin Imai helped form the Sodan-Kai group during the Redress movement for Japanese Canadians. He played a pivotal role in the events leading up to Redress, and the organizing of the Japanese Canadian people in the Toronto area.

Born in Tokyo, Japan, Imai immigrated to Canada as a child with his family in 1953, one of the few Japanese families allowed to enter Canada during the post-war era. His father, Reverend Canon Ken Imai, was an Anglican Minister who had been invited to Canada to lead a Japanese speaking congregation, composed of Japanese Canadians who had settled in Toronto after internment. Though the family was initially prepared for three years in Canada, they chose to stay and received Canadian Citizenship in the 1960s.

During the Redress movement, the Toronto chapter of the Japanese Canadian Citizens Association (JCCA) had become fractured, and members were torn between whether or not Redress should include individual financial compensation and civil rights protection. Though his family had come to Canada after the war, Imai became an active member in the movement. At the time he helped to prepare briefs for the National JCCA Human Rights Committee. He, along with two other lawyers Maryka Omatsu and Marcia Matsui created the Sokan-Kai in 1983. The Sodan-Kai was meant to be a forum for public discussion on Redress, taking no sides and acting separately from the Toronto JCCA and the National Association of Japanese Canadians (NAJC). Imai was inspired by Vancouver sansei called the Canadian Centennial Committee and Canada’s growing awareness of the treatment of Japanese Canadians during WWII. The group began informal discussions at each other’s homes, and members grew to include Joy Kogawa, Ron Shimizu, Edie Goto, Yukio Mizuyabu, Roger Obata, Bryce Kanbara, Wes Fujiwara, Connie Sugiyama, Jim Matsui, David Fujino and Harry Yonekura. Imai chose the name “Sodan-Kai” as it roughly means “discussion society”. The group came from many different backgrounds and had varying opinions on Redress. What they held in common was their belief that Japanese Canadians should be informed about the issue and have a platform to discuss it before addressing the Canadian government.

The first public meeting of the Sodan-Kai was held Sunday May 15, 1983 at the Japanese Canadian Cultural Centre (JCCC). Over 300 came to listen to members of the Japanese American Citizens' League, George Imai of the National Redress Committee, and Gordon Kadota the NAJC president. The second meeting was held Saturday, July 23, 1983, with Shin Imai and Frank Moritsugu acting as chairmen. Those in attendance agreed to form a Toronto Redress group from members of both Sodan-Kai and the Toronto JCCA.

The Sodan-Kai participated in the Prince Hotel Conference where the NAJC and its representation was overhauled. Their participation caused much controversy, especially from those who still followed the Toronto JCCA. The third public meeting of the Sodan-Kai was Sunday, October 23 at the JCCC, though there was little discussion of Redress.

After dismissive comments from Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, the Sodan-Kai organized the CentreStage Forum, titled “Racism and Injustice: The Japanese Canadian Experience”. Taking place at the St. Lawrence Centre on April 25, 1984, it was the first time non-Japanese Canadians were invited to participate. Shortly after the forum, the group stopped meeting, but only until 1987 did they formally dissolve.

The logo for the Sodan-Kai was designed by David Fujino.

Shin Imai received his law degree in 1980 and has spent much of his career working in human rights, refugee law and indigenous rights. He currently teaches at Osgood Hall Law School.

Hirabayashi, Gordon

  • Person
  • 1918-2012

Gordon Hirabayashi was born April 23, 1918 in Sandpoint, Washington, USA. His father, Shungo Hirabayashi, immigrated to the United States in 1907, and Mitsuko, Gordon’s mother, came to the United States in 1914. Both of Gordon’s parents came from the Nagano prefecture in Japan. Prior to immigrating to the United States, both Shungo and Mitsuko had studied English at Kenshi Gijuku academy in Japan and it was there that they converted to Christianity.

Hirabayashi went to study at the University of Washington in 1937. He was active with the YMCA and attended a leadership conference at Columbia University in the summer of 1940. After that summer he returned to University and registered with the Selective Service as a conscientious objector and joined the Religious Society of Friends. Though born in the United States and thus a citizen, as a Japanese American his rights were continually encroached upon during WWII. President Franklin D. Roosevelt initiated the mass removal and internment of Japanese Americans from the West Coast on February 19, 1942 with Executive Order 9066. Instead of following these orders, Hirabayashi began to resist. He left school and began to volunteer with the American Friends Service Committee and defied the newly placed curfew on those of Japanese Ancestry.

In order to create a test case against these new laws, Hirabayashi turned himself into the FBI for not obeying the imposed curfew. He argued he was not guilty as the laws were prejudice and unconstitutional. His case, Hirabayashi v. United States, (320 U.S. 81) culminated with him serving time in prison. After his release, he spent another year in prison after refusing to complete the Selective Service Form 304A, "The Statement of United States Citizens of Japanese Ancestry" from the draft board as it singled out Japanese Americans.
After the war, Hirabayashi completed his B.A., then went on to earn an M.A. and Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Washington. He taught around the world, and eventually settled in Edmonton at the University of Alberta in 1959. In 1987, shortly after his retirement, lawyers contacted him seeking permission to reopen his wartime conviction. That year the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of his case, vacating his personal conviction.

Gordon Hirabayashi passed away on January 2, 2012. Later that year he was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Obama for his stand against Japanese American internment.

Smellie, William

  • Person
  • 1836-1919

William Smellie (1836-1919) immigrated to Glenelg Township, Ontario from Scotland with his father, William Smellie.

Patterson, William Robert (W.R)

  • Person
  • 1859-1931

William Robert (W.R) Patterson was born in 1859 in Kent County, Ontario and was the oldest child of Philip Bolling Patterson (1830-1922) and Alcinda Francis Parker (1840-1892). Philip Patterson and Alcinda Parker were both born enslaved in Virginia and escaped to Canada, settling in Chatham, in the 1850s. They married on 4 October 1860, and the couple had twelve children: William Robert (1859), Philip (1863), Thomas (1864), John Henry (1866), James (1868), Lucy “Lulu” Ellen (1870), Kiziah Victoria (1873), Clement Herman (1877), Anna Frances (1879), Prince Albert (1879), Bertia (1883) and Nathaniel Oscar (1885). The family was a musical one with at least three of the siblings, W.R, Thomas and Nathaniel Oscar working as professional musicians. The children grew up on a farm in Harwich township and attended local segregated schools until 1893 when the schools in the area were desegregated. W.R moved to Hamilton and was involved with music both locally and touring the United States with his first wife, Fannie Harris (1864-1909). After Fannie’s death in 1909, W.R remarried in 1910 to Mary Morton (1885-?) and settled permanently in Hamilton where he worked as a barber along with organizing and performing in local singing groups. W.R died in 1931. W.R.’s youngest brother, Nathaniel Oscar (N.O.) was born twenty-five years after W.R. but the brothers maintained a close relationship in adulthood. N.O. began touring as a musician by 1907 when he sang as a baritone soloist in the Old Southland Sextette in Chicago. N.O. married Lillian Belle Isabell (1882-?), a professional vocalist from Norfolk Virginia, on 13 December 1911 in Huron, Ontario. The couple soon began singing with the Famous Canadian Jubilee Singers, a well-known Black spiritual group which was founded in 1879 in Hamilton, Ontario. By March 1914, N.O had established his own group, the Patterson’s Jubilee Quartet and Concert Company, which featured N.O., his wife Lillian, along with Chonita Hyers (1893-1953) of Amherstburg, Ontario and Hiriam Berry (1894-1983) of Hamilton. The group was first based in Hamilton, but by 1915, had moved to Buffalo, New York. They toured in the United States throughout the war years. N.O contracted the Spanish Flu while on a visit home to Hamilton and died on 19 October 1918 at age 32.

Meinhardt, Hermann

  • Person
  • 1910-1945

Hermann Meinhardt (1910-1945) was the son of Alfred and Arnoldine (née von Wedell) Meinhardt. Hermann had three siblings, his elder sister Hedwig (Heidi), his younger sister Charlotte (Lotti) and Ernst, a younger brother. Alfred Meinhardt was a businessman who owned what would be referred to today as a commercial dry-cleaning company, specializing in preserving restaurant draperies. His wife Arnoldine’s love for the Arts influenced a broad artistic education for their children. Hermann studied at the Music Conservatory in Cologne, Heidi became a dancer and Lotti dabbled in painting for most of her life. Difficult economic times in the 1930’s guided Hermann towards more practical pursuits and he found employment in the offices of the Braunkohlen Synidcat in Cologne. Hermann Meinhardt married Emmi Oligschläger in 1939, and they had one daughter, Ingeborg (Inga). Herman Meinhardt was killed by Allied Troops near Felbecke, Germany in April 1945.
Wartime records indicate that Hermann was a member of the German Airforce 3. Batterie, I. Abteilung, Flakregiment 4 (I./Flak Regt. 4), which took him to France, Austria, Ukraine, Romania and Southern Russia, and that he held the position of Obergefreiter (leading aircraftsman) on 08.03.1943.

Jaremenko, Nadija

  • Person

When Nazi Germany invaded Ukraine in 1941, the occupying forces took Dr. Pip’s mother, Nadija Jaremenko, from her native village of Shpola in Cherkasy province to Germany to work as an Ostarbeiter (Eastern Worker), a form of slave labour. Nadija ended up in a prison camp in Itzehoe. Following liberation by British forces, she was sent to Wagenfeld, and then Korigen. At the latter camp, Nadia composed poetry (under her name and the pseudonyms N. Iskra and Ya. Idan) describing her contemporary living conditions and feelings, took part in amateur plays, and taught at the makeshift school. She also contributed to Camp Korigen’s journal Na chuzhyni (In a Foreign Country). While there, Nadija Jaremenko met her eventual husband, Ivan Pip.
Ivan and Nadija Pip immigrated to Canada in 1948-1949. In Canada, Nadija Jaremenko Pip taught in several Ukrainian schools in Winnipeg and continued to write for Ukrainian-language periodicals and pedagogical journals.

Saville, Miriam

  • Person

Miriam Saville was a diabetic patient treated by Dr. Charles Best in the late 1920s/early 1930s when she was about thirteen years old.

Nobel, Mable N.

  • Person
  • [19--]

Mable N. Nobel was the daughter of Percy G.B. Westmacott who served a nurse with the Red Cross
during World War I.

Westmacott, Percy G.B.

  • Person
  • 1830-1917

Percy G.B. Westmacott (1830-1917) was a British mechanical engineer. He began work as a draughtsman at the Elswick Ordnance Company, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, in 1851, and in 1859 was responsible for technical management of the engine works at Elswick as well as for contributions to the hydraulic lifting machinery department. In 1864 he became a partner of Sir W.G. Armstrong and Co., then managing director in 1882. Sir. W.G. Armstrong and Co. was a major British manufacturing company that built armaments, ships, locomotives, automobiles and aircraft. Westmacott then became involved in bridge building, helping to design swing bridges on the Ouse and Tyne rivers, as well as working on the principle docks on the Thames in South Wales and other part of the country.

Stewart, Kathleen Innes

  • Person
  • 1908-2003

Kathleen Innes Stewart was born 9 April 1908 in London, England as the oldest child of George and Louise Stewart. Her father soon moved the family to Cleveland, Ohio, where he headed at the H.K Cushing Laboratory for Experimental Medicine at Western Reserve University. In 1922, the family – now including Kathleen and her three younger brothers – moved to Toronto, where Kathleen attended Havergal College. She later attended University College at the University of Toronto, and graduated in 1928 before leaving on an eleven month trip through Europe with her close friend, Kathleen Sutton. George Stewart died in 1930, and Louise Stewart died in 1933, leaving Kathleen to care for her younger brothers. Kathleen Stewart married James Fitz-Randolph Crowe in 1935, and they travelled across the United States and Canada performing in theatres together under the stage names Kathleen and Norman Roland; including the opening season of the Stratford Festival. Kathleen wrote cookbooks for additional income and worked for the Canadian National Film Board during the Second World War. She worked on the stage until the 1960s, whereupon she became a social worker in New York City. She died in New York in 2003 at the age of 95.

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