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People and organizations

Barnard, Robert

  • Person
  • 1830-1854

Robert Barnard of Bunwell, Norfolk was the son of George and Lucy (Mullinger) Barnard. He died in the Crimean War in 1854.

Solway, David

  • Person

Moldofsky, Harvey

  • Person

Dr. Harvey Moldofsky is a world-renowned specialist on sleep disorders, chronic pain and fatigue, and chronobiology. He is Professor Emeritus of the Faculty of Medicine and Member Emeritus, Institute of Medical Science, School of Graduate Studies at the University of Toronto, and formerly Professor of Psychiatry and Medicine. From 1993-2000 he served as the founding Director of the University of Toronto Center for Sleep and Chronobiology. In addition to serving in various administrative positions at the university, university-affiliated hospitals and institutions, national and international scientific organizations, and professional organizations, he served from 1998-2003 as a medical assessor for the Workplace Safety and Insurance Appeals Tribunal of Ontario.

Born in Toronto, he attended Harbord Collegiate Institute and then earned his M.D. from the University of Toronto in 1959. He subsequently pursued postgraduate training in psychiatry in Vancouver, Toronto, London and San Francisco. In 1966, he was appointed Staff Psychiatrist at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry of Toronto, the first in a long line of appointments within hospitals in Toronto and at the University of Toronto.

Throughout much of his career together with his colleagues and students, he has been studying sleep physiology and biological rhythms. His interests have included sleep/wake-related immune, cytokine and neuroendocrine functions in various conditions including long-term space flight. Early research studies were devoted to eating disorders, Tourette's Syndrome, and rheumatic disease. For more than 30 years he has studied the cause and treatment of illnesses characterized by chronic musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, and nonrestorative sleep, which became known as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.

In the 1990’s, he was the Principal Investigator on a team that worked with NASA and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to study the effects of spaceflight, microgravity, and sleep/wake immune functions (SWIF) in humans. This research included numerous sleep experiments with astronauts and cosmonauts on the Mir Space Station.

He has received many local, national and international awards and honors, including the regional award of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada for his long-standing contributions as a medical educator. In honour of his contributions, in 1989 his friends and associates established The Dr. Harvey Moldofsky Scholarship for Psychiatric/Neuroscience Research, which is awarded annually to a medical student of the University of Toronto.

University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services

  • Corporate body
  • 1965-

The University of Toronto Archives was established in 1965 as a unit within the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. Its antecedents, however, date back much further to the Art Room in what is now the Science and Medicine Library. It has been located on the fourth floor of the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library since 1972. Along with the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, it forms part of the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto Libraries.

UTARMS' Oral History Collection on Student Activism

  • Corporate body
  • 2019 -

The University of Toronto Archives & Record Management Services (UTARMS) Oral History Collection on Student Activism is a collection of oral history interviews focused on illuminating the impact of student action and initiatives across UofT’s three campuses. The project, established in 2019, received funding from the University of Toronto Libraries’ Chief Librarian Innovation Grant for its initial one-year phase in which Ruth Belay, GSLA Project Coordinator, and Daniela Ansovini, Archivist, worked to complete the 17 interviews included here.

The goal of the project aimed to respond to the under-representation of student voice within the Archives’ collections and was an opportunity for the Archives to gain deeper understanding of the barriers in documenting this critical aspect of the University’s history. In developing the project’s scope, we identified the importance of also ensuring that participants’ voices reflect diverse communities on campus and experiences that have guided struggles for representation, equity, and systemic change.

Methodology and Project Design
Oral history is a generative, exploratory methodology oriented to capture the perspectives of participants in a format that is self-directed and that allows for the sharing of desired elements of personal stories and experiences. For this project, oral history was specifically used as an inclusive approach in addressing archival gaps and diversifying our collections. We designed a semi-structured interview guide to spark discussion while encouraging participants to guide the conversation. In acknowledging the personal nature of student experience and activism, it was essential to the project that participants be given a high-level of autonomy and control in how they narrated their experiences and that these records be preserved in the Archives without editing or adaptation.

Careful consideration was given to the development of our consent form in order to ensure that risks were clearly identified and could incorporate participants’ expressed protections. To minimize unintended risks to third parties, we also advised participants to anonymize those individuals mentioned when potentially private information might be disclosed.

Research and Recruitment
We adopted varying tactics in our approach to research and recruitment given the complexity of identifying individuals and movements over a fifty-year span. The project design recognized the importance of consulting a wide range of sources. Ruth began by scanning The Varsity, UTSG’s undergraduate newspaper, to track broad social movements from 1967 onwards, gain broader context about the student action and the University’s response, and to start to identify key groups and individuals. While The Varsity had been identified as one of our principle resources, it was challenging for several reasons: varying editorial approach and personal biases affecting the coverage of student groups, as well as difficulties in specifically identifying BIPOC (Black, Indigenous and People of Colour) actors.

This emphasized the importance of consulting additional archival and print sources as well as gathering background from individuals and student groups themselves. We spoke to individuals with insight into some of the groups and actions on campus and sought their recommendations on who to approach for interviews. We also reached out to student groups to learn about aspects of their history that they would like to see documented, receive their feedback about the project in general, and gather their suggestions of potential participants. Many of the individuals who did participate in turn provided the names of others who had been actively involved.

Broad Spectrum of Activism
In looking at activism and its impact on UofT’s campuses, we have adopted a definition of the term that accepts a broad spectrum of activities, approaches, and actors. Activism includes efforts to support social, political, economic, and environmental change, though can also be shaped by commitments to systemic reform through decolonization, liberation, and equity. It is inclusive of grassroots activists, those involved in radical forms of disruption and protest, advocates, facilitators, organizers, insurgent civil servants, and those whose presence is an active form of resistance. It is a subjective term that individuals define through their lived experience and for this reason, we also understand activism as fluid and evolving.

This project seeks to honour, preserve, and celebrate a rich history of activism that is representative of this breadth of approach and identification. We also recognize how larger movements, solidarity networks, and communities outside of UofT have helped to push forward change within the institution. While this is a retrospective project looking at the history of activism at UofT, we also acknowledge the continued resistance and calls for institutional change that are being pushed forward by students today.
Commitment to Learning

Through the work of researching, designing, and completing this oral history project, UTARMS has had the opportunity to gain feedback from alumni, key informants, and in particular, student groups. This input has asked us to take critical views of the project design, interrogate our role as an archive, and ensure our connection to current student groups. We are incredibly grateful as these conversations have positively shaped the project, deepened our understanding of the institution, and given us insight into how we might further support rich documentary heritage through reflection, enhanced inclusion, and strengthened relationships. As a department, we are committed to actively engaging with community members and continuing our own learning about the institution, ourselves, and the diverse communities who have shaped UofT.

If you have any feedback or questions regarding the project, please feel free to email Daniela Ansovini at

Tri-campus Representation
The University of Toronto is composed of three separate campuses – the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM), University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) and the University of Toronto at St. George Campus (UTSG). Each of the campuses carry distinct histories and are shaped by local communities and the formation of unique campus cultures. As it was important that this project reflect the actions and interests of students across the three campuses, we aimed to both include participants who attended each of the institutions, as well as build connections to oral history projects currently taking place at UTM and UTSC.

Ethics and Use
The intimate nature of the conversations that generate an oral history interview require a level of trust between the interviewer, the participant, archivists, and researchers. Please listen to these interviews with an acknowledgment of the generous spirit with which participants offer their memories, opinions, and views. This project was guided by the Oral History Association’s Core Principles for Oral History with the aim of ensuring that participants’ perspectives, privacy, and safety are respected. Interviews that are part of the Oral History Collection on Student Activism are made available for research purposes only.

The audio recordings are intended to be the original source within this collection and have not been altered with the exception of removing identifying information of third parties who did not agree to be named in the interview and where their involvement was not already publicly known. Transcripts are available for each of the interviews and while they are near verbatim, they have had varying degrees of editing to remove word repetitions and some non-words, in addition to the same identifying information removed from the recordings. Transcripts are noted when they have been more heavily edited by the interviewee and verbatim transcripts of these interviews are available upon request. They also include added notes or corrections by the participant in square brackets. As oral history interviews rely on individual perspectives and opinions, they represent a broad range of viewpoints and serve as entry points in building our understanding of rich and intricate histories.

Ling, Elaine

  • Person
  • 1946-2016

Photographer Elaine Ling was born in Hong Kong in 1946, and immigrated to Canada when she was nine with her family. She studied music and medicine, and obtained a medical degree from the University of Toronto. Ling practiced family medicine around the world, including Abu Dhabi, Nepal, and both urban and remote places in Canada.

Ling continued to practice family medicine in the Greater Toronto Area during her life, and played cello in the community orchestra, Orchestra Toronto. She was an accomplished musician who also played the piano, baritone, oboe, and guitar. She was also a fellow at the Royal Canadian Geographical Society. The University of Ryerson offers a Research Fellowship in her name for students perusing photography after receiving a generous donation from Ling. She passed away in 2016 from lung cancer.

Her love for open space, stone, and nature propelled her to seek out places of solitude and places with ancient architecture. Her travels brought her across four continents, capturing the landscapes and beauty of Mongolia, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Timbuktu, Namibia, North Africa, India, South America, Australia, American Southwest; the citadels of Ethiopia, San Agustin, Persepolis, Petra, Cappadocia, Machu Picchu, Angkor Wat, Great Zimbabwe, Abu Simbel; and the Buddhist centers of Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Tibet, and Bhutan.

Lingh’s photography - which is predominantly in Black & White - explored the shifting balance between man-made and nature. Her work has been exhibited all around the world, published in a multitude of collections, and is part of many public institutions' permanent fine art collections. In Canada, her work is in the collections of the National Gallery of Canada, Ryerson University, Art Gallery of Ontario, Royal Ontario Museum, and the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography. She has also published four books of her art: Mongolia, Land of the Deer Stone (2009), Talking Stones (2015), Cuba Chronicles (2015), and Habitacion Cubana (2016).

Cooper, Afua

  • Person
  • 1957-

Afua [Ava Pamela] Cooper was born on November 8, 1957, in the Whithorn district of Westmoreland, Jamaica. She moved to Canada in December 1980 as a direct result of the increasing political violence in Jamaica. After the birth of her son Akil in July 1981, Cooper worked as an instructor at Bickford Park High School in Toronto, but she was already beginning to perform her poetry at Toronto's spoken word venues. Her first book of poetry, Breakin Chains, was published in 1983, the same year that she enrolled at the University of Toronto to major in African Studies. In 1988 she took up a residency fellowship at Banff School of Fine Arts and wrote two books of poetry, The Red Caterpillar on College Street (1989), for children, and Memories Have Tongue (1992), which was a finalist in the 1992 Casa de las Americas Award. Dr. Cooper is currently the Ruth Wynn Woodward Professor at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver.

Schneid, Otto

  • Person
  • 1900-1974

Otto Schneid, born in Jablunkova, Czechoslovakia, January 30, 1900, was an art historian, professor, writer, and artist. During the 1930s he began work on a dictionary of twentieth century Jewish artists to be published in Vienna in 1938, but the plates were confiscated by the Nazis. In 1939 he went to Palestine (Israel) as a research student at Jerusalem University. From 1948-1960 he taught art history at the Technion (Israel Institute of Technology), Haifa, and continued to write about art. In 1960 he decided to concentrate on his creative work (poetry, painting, sculpting) and moved to the United States, where he lived from 1960 to 1963. During that period he had seven one-man shows there and one in Canada. In 1964 he moved to Canada where he continued to paint and to write. He died in Toronto in 1974.

Hill, Lawrence

  • Person
  • 1957-

Lawrence Hill is the son of American immigrants who came to Canada the day after they married in 1953 in Washington, D.C. The story of how they met, married, left the United States and raised a family in Toronto is described in Hill's bestselling memoir Black Berry, Sweet Juice: On Being Black and White in Canada (HarperCollins Canada, 2001). Growing up in the predominantly white suburb of Don Mills, Ontario in the sixties, Hill was greatly influenced by his parents' work in the human rights movement. Much of Hill's writing touches on issues of identity and belonging. His third novel was published as The Book of Negroes in Canada, Great Britain, South Africa and India and as Someone Knows My Name in the USA, Australia and New Zealand, and won numerous literary awards, including the overall Commonwealth Writers’ Prize for Best Book and the Rogers Writers’ Trust Fiction Prize. Hill is also the author of the novels Any Known Blood (William Morrow, New York, 1999 and HarperCollins Canada, 1997) and Some Great Thing (Turnstone Press, Winnipeg, 1992).

Leslie, Charles Whitney

  • Person
  • 1905-1986

Charles Whitney Leslie was a graduate of Emmanuel College (Class of 1933). He was a member of the Emmanuel College Faculty, 1941-1955, lastly as Professor of Systematic Theology and Philosophy of Religion.

List of positions held:
Lecturer in Ethics, 1941-1942
Assistant Professor of Ethics, 1942-1945
Associate Professor of Ethics, 1945-1947
Associate Professor of the Philosophy of Religion (Emmanuel College), 1945-1947
Associate Professor of Ethics; Secretary of the Victoria College Council, 1947-1949
Associate Professor of the Philosophy of Religion and Christian Ethics (Emmanuel College), 1947-1949
Professor of Ethics; Secretary of the Victoria College Council, 1949-1950
Professor of Ethics, 1950-1954
Professor of the Philosophy of Religion and Christian Ethics (Emmanuel College), 1949-1952
Professor of Systematic Theology and Philosophy of Religion (Emmanuel College), 1952-1955

Haanel, Eugene

  • Person
  • 1841-1927

Eugene Haanel was born near Berlin and studied at Breslau. He taught at several American colleges before coming to Victoria College, Cobourg in 1872 where he served as Professor of Chemistry and Physics, 1872-1889. He also served as Dean of Science and founded the Faraday Hall, the first science hall in Canada. Haanel was married to Julia Darling of Michigan and the couple had 5 children.

Positions held:
Professor of Chemistry and Experimental Physics and Lecturer on Geology, 1872-1882
Dennis Moore Professor of Chemistry and Physics; Lecturer on Mineralogy, 1882-1889

Barber, Francis Louis

  • Person
  • 1877-1945

Francis Louis Barber was a graduate of Victoria University (Class of 1903). He was married to Ethel May Treble and he held several important positions at Victoria throughout his career.

Positions held:
Bursar (Victoria University), 1921-1925
Special Lecturer in the History of Preaching, 1923-1935
Bursar; Librarian (Victoria University), 1925-1932
Librarian; Superintendent of Buildings and Grounds (Victoria University), 1933-1944
Acting Librarian (Victoria University), 1944-1945

Surerus, John Alvin

  • Person
  • 1894-1976

John Alvin Surerus (1894-1976) was educated at Victoria College, University of Toronto earning a degree in 1915 and the University of Chicago. He taught in the German Department at Victoria College from 1925 to 1962, serving as head of the department from 1932 to 1962. He married Alys Gertrude Farewell in Winnipeg in 1925.

Maclaren, John James

  • Person
  • 1842-1926

John James Maclaren was a Justice with the Supreme Court of Ontario. He was involved in the University of Toronto federation proceedings, which included Victoria University, Cobourg.

Maclaren was married twice: Margaret G. Matheson and Mary Mathewson.

Line, John

  • Person
  • 1885-1970

John Line was born in England. He was ordained in Newfoundland and studied at Victoria University and Wesleyan College, Montreal, before a teaching career that included thirty-four years at Victoria University (including both Victoria College and Emmanuel College). He was married to Amy C. Line.

List of positions held at Victoria:
Associate Professor of Ethics, 1928-1938
Department of Religious Knowledge, 1929-1946
Department of Religious Knowledge, 1953-1962
Professor of Philosophy and History of Religion (Emmanuel College), 1929-1940
Professor of Systematic Theology; Professor of Philosophy of Religion (Emmanuel College), 1940-1952
Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology; Special Lecturer in Systematic Theology (Emmanuel College), 1952-1955
Professor Emeritus of Systematic Theology, 1955-1972

Grant, John Ratcliffe

  • Person
  • 1913-1990

John Ratcliffe Grant was born in Henan Province, China, the son of Presbyterian missionaries. He was granted a PhD from Harvard University in 1947, and in 1950 came to Victoria University as an Assistant Professor of Classics. Dr. Grant taught at Victoria until 1979, becoming a Professor of Classics in 1975. Dr. Grant was married to Nettie Grant.

List of positions held at Victoria:
Assistant Professor of Classics, 1950-1951
Secretary of Victoria College Council; Assistant Professor of Classics, 1951-1953
Assistant Professor of Classics, 1953-1957
Associate Professor of Classics, 1957-1967
Professor of Greek and Roman History, 1967-1975
Professor of Classics, 1975-1979
Professor Emeritus of Classics, 1979-1990

Wilson, John

  • Person

John Wilson was a Professor at Victoria, 1848-1899. He held the following positions:
Professor of Latin and Greek, 1848-1849
Professor of Latin and Greek, 1852-1853
Professor of Classical Literature, 1853-1856
Professor of Latin and Greek, 1856-1872
Professor of Latin and Greek; Professor of Biblical Criticism and Antiquities; Professor of Exegesis and Literature of the New Testament, 1872-1887
Professor of Latin and Greek; Professor of Exegesis and Literature of the New Testament, 1887-1889
Professor Emeritus of Latin and Greek, 1897-1899


சாமுவேல் ஜேம்ஸ் வேலுப்பிள்ளை செல்வநாயகம் மலேசியாவிலுள்ள ஈப்போ நகரில் 31 மார்ச் 1898 இல் வணிகரான விசுவநாதன் வேலுப்பிள்ளை அவர்களுக்கும் ஹரியட் அன்னம்மா கணபதிப்பிள்ளை அவர்களுக்கும் மகனாகப் பிறந்தார். சிறுவயதிலேயே தனது தாயாருடனும் இரு சகோதரர்கள், ஒரு சகோதரியுடனும் கல்வி கற்கும் நோக்குடன் இலங்கையிலுள்ள தெல்லிப்பழைக்குத் திரும்பினார். செல்வநாயகம் தனது ஆரம்பகாலக் கல்வியினை தெல்லிப்பழை யூனியன் கல்லூரியில் எட்டு வருடங்கள் பயின்றார். பின்னர், பரி. யோவான் கல்லூரியில் ஐந்து வருடங்களும் கல்கிசையிலுள்ள புனித தோமையர் கல்லூரியிலும் கல்வி பயின்றார். 1918 ஆம் ஆண்டு இலண்டன் பல்கலைக்கழகத்தில் வெளிவாரி மாணவராகப் பயின்று அறிவியல் துறையில் பட்டம் பெற்றார். 1927 ஆம் ஆண்டு எமிலி கிரேஸ் பார் குமாரகுலசிங்கத்தைத் திருமணம் செய்தார். இவர்களுக்கு நான்கு மகன்களும் ஒரு மகளும் பிறந்தனர்.

செல்வநாயகம் புனித தோமையர் கல்லூரியில் ஆசிரியராக சில காலம் பணிபுரிந்தார். 1919 ஆம் ஆண்டு உவெஸ்லிக் கல்லூரியில் கணித ஆசிரியராகச் சேர்ந்து, பின்னர் அக்கல்லூரியின் அறிவியல் துறைத் தலைவராகவும் பணிபுரிந்தார். உவெஸ்லிக் கல்லூரியில் ஆசிரியராகப் பணிபுரிந்தபோது இலங்கை சட்டக் கல்லூரியில் கல்வி கற்று சட்ட அறிஞரானார். செல்வநாயகம் தனது சட்டத் தொழிலை கொழும்பு விண்ணப்ப நீதிமன்றத்தில் ஆரம்பித்தார். அங்கிருந்து மாவட்ட நீதிமன்றத்திலும் பின்னர் மேல்முறையீட்டு நீதிமன்றங்களிலும் வழக்குரைஞராக விளங்கினார். 31 மே 1947 இல் இராணியின் வழக்குரைஞராக நியமிக்கப்பட்டார்.

செல்வநாயகம் தனது வழக்குரைஞர் தொழிலை விடுத்து 1944 இல் அகில இலங்கை தமிழ் காங்கிரஸின் முதன்மை ஒழுங்கமைப்பாளராக அரசியலில் இணைந்தார். 1947 ஆம் ஆண்டு செப்டெம்பர் மாதம் முதன்முறையாக பாராளுமன்ற உறுப்பினராகத் தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டார். 18 டிசம்பர் 1949 இல் செல்வநாயகம் இலங்கை தமிழரசுக் கட்சியை ஈ. எம். வி. நாகநாதன் மற்றும் வி. நவரத்தினம் ஆகியோருடன் இணைந்து உருவாக்கினார். இது சமஷ்டிக் கட்சி எனவும் அழைக்கப்பட்டது. ஈ. எம். வி. நாகநாதனும் வி. நவரத்தினமும் இணைச் செயலாளர்களாகத் தெரிவு செய்யப்பட்டனர். செல்வநாயகம் தமிழ்ச் செய்தித்தாளான சுதந்திரனின் இயக்குனராகவும் விளங்கினார்.

தமிழ் மக்களின் அடையாளத்தையும் உரிமைகளையும் காப்பதற்கு உழைத்தமையால் செல்வநாயகம் தமிழ் மக்களால் தந்தை செல்வா என அழைக்கப்பட்டார்.

26 ஜூலை 1957 இல் பிரதமருடன் இணைந்து பண்டாரநாயக்கா-செல்வநாயகம் ஒப்பந்தத்தில் கையெழுத்திட்டார். இது தமிழ்மொழிக்கு சம உரிமை, தமிழ்ப் பாரம்பரிய நிலங்களில் குடியேற்றங்கள் ஒழிப்பு, தமிழ் மாகாணங்களுக்கு சுயாட்சி, மலையக மக்களுக்கு இலங்கைக் குடியுரிமை ஆகியவற்றை கோரி நின்றது (எஸ். ஜே. வி. செல்வநாயகமும் இலங்கை தமிழ்த் தேசியத்தின் நெருக்கடி நிலையும் / ஏ. ஜே. வில்சன்). 24 மார்ச் 1965 இல் செல்வநாயகம் 1958 இன் தமிழ்மொழி சிறப்பு உரிமைகள் சட்டம் எண். 28 என்னும் சட்டத்தைக் கவனப்படுத்திய சேனாநாயக்க-செல்வநாயகம் ஒப்பந்தத்தில் கையெழுத்திட்டார். எனினும், இது நடைமுறைப்படுத்தப்படவில்லை.

செல்வநாயகத்தின் உடல்நிலை பார்க்கின்சனின் நோய் காரணமாக மிலவும் நலிவடைந்திருந்தது. இதற்கான சத்திரசிகிச்சையை எடின்பர்க் நகரில் அவர் மேற்கொண்டார். மார்ச் 1977 இல் நிலத்தில் வீழ்ந்து ஏற்பட்ட தலைக்காயங்கள் காரணமாக மருத்துவமனையில் அனுமதிக்கப்பட்டு, 26 ஏப்ரல் 1977 இல் இயற்கை எய்தினார்.

Shaull, Richard

  • Person
  • 1919-2002

Frank, Marion

  • Person
  • 1924-2016

Marion passed away peacefully on April 7, 2016 at her home in Thornhill, Ontario in her ninety-second year. She was predeceased by her husband Mark and by her parents the Rev. Alexander Dow Cornett and Jean Macalister Cornett, by her brothers Donald and William and by her sister Jean McQuade. She is survived by her children Alan and David, her daughter-in-law Janet and her grandchildren Alexander, Emma and Daniel. Born in Stratford, Ontario, July 18, 1924, she grew up in Harrington, Barrie, Owen Sound, Smiths Falls and Oshawa, where she completed high school. After a period of wartime factory work, she joined the Women's Royal Canadian Naval Service and was stationed on the south shore of Nova Scotia. She went on to complete a B.A. at Queen's University and was employed as an office worker, high school teacher and professional librarian. The influences of the Great Depression, the Second World War and the Cold War made her a lifelong activist for the causes of social justice and world peace, commitments she shared with her husband of almost sixty years. She also maintained an abiding passion for the appreciation and protection of the natural environment. To the end, she remained active, always eager to enjoy the gardens she kept. Her ashes will be joined with those of her husband in the rose garden at the Toronto Necropolis. No memorial service is planned at this time. Friends may wish to contribute to the Humanitarian Coalition, Project Ploughshares or the David Suzuki Foundation.

Dotsch, Daisy

  • Person
  • 1914-2013

Daisy Eileen Dotsch (1914-2013), born Daisy Eileen Whitehall, was a nursery school teacher and founder of the Vaughan Cooperative Nursery School in York Township (still operating today as Hippo Nursery School in Toronto). She was a pioneer in the cooperative preschool movement, which began in the Unites States as part of a broader Progressive education movement in the 1930s, but proliferated widely in North America, and some other parts of the world, in the decades following World War II. Cooperative preschools and nursery schools required parents to spend a certain amount of time working at the school as teachers and teachers’ assistants, partly as a way to reduce costs, but more importantly out of a belief that parental involvement in the education of their children was beneficial to children and parents alike. As part of this mission, cooperative nursery schools like Vaughan trained parents in early childhood education theories and practices.

Daisy Dotsch ran her first nursery school out of her own home at 8 Cherrywood Avenue in York Township between 1943 and 1947. In 1946, under the Ontario Daycare Act, the province began requiring licenses to operate nursery schools, and in 1947, York Township passed by-laws also requiring a license as well as banning nursery schools from residential areas. Refused a license by the Township, Dotsch was forced to close her home school, but she and some area mothers began a campaign to change the law. They gathered 500 signatures on a petition, and contributed to the ensuing public debate about nursery schools, defending them against critics who argued that small children belonged at home with their mothers and who dismissed the “child-centered” and “learning through play” pedagogical philosophy Dotsch and other teachers espoused at the time. The nursery school advocates won a change in the law in 1949, and Dotsch re-opened her school a year later as the Vaughan Road Nursery School (named after its new location at the International Order of Odd Fellows Hall, 94 Vaughan Road). The school was incorporated in 1951, and in 1969 moved to its current location, St. Matthews United Church at 279 St. Clair Avenue West, Toronto, where it took the name Vaughan Cooperative Nursery School.

Dotsch studied at an elementary education program at London Normal School before marrying, and later took courses at the Institute for Child Studies in Toronto, earning a diploma in early childhood education in 1953. The Nursery Education Association of Ontario awarded her a diploma as a preschool teacher in 1966. Dotsch ran orientation programs for new parents at Vaughan School, taught ongoing workshops, and maintained a resource library for parents who wanted to learn more. From the mid-1960s through the early 1970s, Dotsch also taught courses in early childhood education and nursery school management, most frequently at Seneca College. Dotsch was also involved with local, national, and international cooperative nursery organizations, Including the Nursery Education Association of Ontario, the Toronto Council of Co-operative Nursery Schools, and Parent Co-operative Preschools International. Dotsch retired from teaching in 1972.

Daisy Dotsch was married to Nick Dotsch until his death in 1974. They had four children: Rose (Dotsch) Imeson, Richard Dotsch, Lee (Dotsch) Gravlev, and Julie Dotsch.

Sources: Obituary in the Toronto Star, 13 November, 2013, and A Patchwork of Memories: Celebrating the History of Vaughan Co-Op Nursery School (2004).

Conquering Lion Pictures

  • 2015.014
  • Corporate body
  • 1991 - present

Conquering Lion Pictures (CLP) is an independent production company based in Toronto, Canada. Company founders Damon D’Oliveira and Clement Virgo met in 1991, while studying at the Canadian Film Centre’s residency program for filmmakers of colour. They formed their production company CLP while working together on their first feature film, Rude (1995).

Damon D’Oliveira is a Canadian actor and film and television producer. He is originally from Guyana, and moved to Canada in 1976. His first film production credit was on Virgo's 1993 short film Save My Lost Nigga Soul, and he currently sits on the board of Bell Media’s Harold Greenberg Fund. Clement Virgo is a Canadian film and television writer, producer and director, and is a member of the Director’s Guild of Canada. Born in Jamaica, Virgo immigrated with his family to Canada at the age of 11 and grew up in the Regent Park area of Toronto.

CLP have produced or co-produced a number of noteworthy films, with many of their productions being selected for Cannes, Berlin, Sundance, and Toronto International Film Festivals. Rude was the first Canadian feature film produced by an African-Canadian, and premiered at Cannes to critical acclaim. Rude and Love Come Down were also both Genie Award nominees for Best Picture. Other notable credits include Poor Boy’s Game (2007) starring Danny Glover, which focuses on racial tensions in the Halifax boxing community, and The Planet of Junior Brown (1997), which was nominated for five Gemini awards and an Emmy.

Recently, Clement Virgo co-wrote and directed a six-part miniseries adaptation of Lawrence Hill’s novel, The Book of Negroes (2015), which aired on CBC Television in Canada and BET in the United States. The series achieved record-breaking viewing figures when it aired on CBC in 2016, and was the winner of 12 Canadian Screen Awards, a TV Critics Award and the NAACP Award for best mini-series.

In 2017, Virgo and D'Oliveira received the Canadian Film Centre's Award for Creative Excellence, for their accomplished body of work with Conquering Lion Pictures.

Swede, George

  • Person
  • 1940-

George Swede (Latvian: Juris Švēde), (born as Juris Puriņš, November 20, 1940 in Riga, Latvia) is a Canadian psychologist, poet and children's writer who lives in Toronto, Ontario. He is a major figure in English-language haiku, known for his wry, poignant observations.

In 1947, Swede arrived with his mother and stepfather from post-WW II Europe to live with his maternal grandparents on a fruit farm in Oyama, British Columbia and, when his stepfather died in 1950, Swede moved with his mother to Vancouver where he finished junior high and high school. Then he studied at the University of British Columbia, where he graduated with a B.A. in Psychology in 1964. After that, he worked briefly as a psychologist at B.C. Penitentiary in New Westminster. In 1965, he got an M.A. at Dalhousie University.

From 1966 to 1967, Swede was a psychology instructor at Vancouver City College, after which he worked as a school psychologist at the Scarborough Board of Education in Toronto until 1968.

He resumed his academic career at Ryerson University, where he stayed as member of the psychology department from 1968 to 2006 (as chair from 1998 to 2003). From 1970 to 1975 he served as Director for Developmental Psychology at Ryerson Open College, a virtual university which broadcast lectures by radio (on CJRT-FM) and TV (CBC and CTV) from 1970 to 1975; and from 1993 to 2000 he was engaged in Ryerson University Now (RUN), an initiative to get bright but disadvantaged students interested in going to university. This was achieved by enrolling Vaughan Road Academy students in a university level introductory psychology course that Swede taught. Most graduated and many received scholarships to attend university.

Swede retired in 2006 and was awarded Honorary Life Membership by the Canadian Psychological Association in 2007. For the 2008-2009 term, he was named the Honorary Curator of the American Haiku Archives at the California State Library in Sacramento, California.

Swede began writing poetry in the late 1960s.

An interest in short form Japanese poetry began in 1976 when he was asked to review Makoto Ueda's Modern Japanese Haiku (University of Toronto Press, 1976).

In 1977, along with Betty Drevniok and Eric Amann, Swede co-founded Haiku Canada. At its 30th anniversary held in Ottawa in May 2007, Haiku Canada awarded Swede an Honorary Life Membership.

A blending of his interests in poetry and psychology is illustrated by his refereed article in The International Handbook on Innovation, Poetic Innovation, which explores the psychological, sociological and cultural factors that determine whether someone becomes a professional poet.

From 2008 to 2012 he was editor of Frogpond, the journal of the Haiku Society of America.

Swede is married with two children.

Law, Eileen

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1900-1978

Eileen Law, contralto and teacher, was born in Belfast, Ireland on October 16, 1900, and died in Toronto on November 30, 1978. From 1922 until 1926, she studied with Jenny Taggart (voice) and Ernest MacMillan (piano) at the Canadian Academy of Music, earning her LCAM and ACAM. From 1926 to 1936, she studied privately with Hope Morgan. Primarily an oratorio singer, she performed as a soloist at the Timothy Eaton Memorial Church (1923-1936) and at the First Church of Christ Scientist (1936-1945), and appeared with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, the Promenade Symphony Concerts, the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir, the Apollo Musical Club Choir of Chicago, the Ottawa Choral Union, and symphony orchestras in Cleveland, Detroit, and Minneapolis. She appeared in performances of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in Toronto for over 25 years.

Law taught for the Royal Conservatory of Music of Toronto from 1938 until 1977, and at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto from 1952 to 1961.

Sutton Straus, Joan Treble

  • Person
  • 1932-

Joan Treble (Sutton) Straus was born in Mimico, Ontario on November 30, 1932.

While studying Honor English at University College, University of Toronto, she worked as a runway and photography model.

She married W.J Pete Sutton in 1955, and moved to Ann Arbor, Michigan where, in addition to working as a model, she began to do fashion commentary for the J.L Hudson Company in Detroit. On her return to Toronto in 1959, she continued to coordinate fashion shows, becoming the first shopping center fashion consultant in North America. Her other clients included SeaQueen swimwear and the Sayvette department store. She was a regular guest on CBC’s Take Thirty, discussing fashion. In 1966, she formed a company, Joan Sutton & Associates, Ltd. She worked with the Ontario Government to develop the Ontario Fashion Council, and the Edee awards, the Canadian Men’s Manufacturing Association, the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union, Dylex Ltd, as well as individual fashion designers.

In 1971, she joined The Toronto Telegram as fashion editor, and when it closed, was one of the group that founded The Toronto Sun where she worked as a lifestyle editor, columnist and feature writer until 1979, when she joined The Toronto Star as a columnist. In 1981, she returned to The Toronto Sun. During this period, she conducted a series of television interviews for CFTO, and taped a daily essay for CFRB. Her newspaper columns have been syndicated in The Boston Herald and The Houston Post as well as The Los Angeles Times.
She is the author of Clothing and Culture (1975) and her columns on relationships were compiled in three books: Lovers and Others (1974), Once More with Love (1975), and Love Lines (1979). Her other books include: A Legacy of Caring: The History of the Society of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Society (1996), and The Alzheimer’s Diary: One Woman’s Journey from Caregiver to Widow (2014).

A volunteer all her adult life, she has served on many non-profit boards and raised money for organizations in Canada and the United States.

In 1982, she married Oscar S. Straus II (1914-2013), and moved to New York City. In 1990, the Hon. David Peterson appointed her Agent General to the United States.

In 2019, she was appointed to the Order of Ontario.

Sherk, Lawrence C.

  • Person

From his book, 150 Years of Canadian Beer Labels:

Lawrence (Larry) Carl Sherk was the last Sherk to be born in one of the many Sherk family farmhouses around the village of Sherkston, now part of the town of Port Colborne, Ontario – where he grew up and went to school. From there he went to college in Guelph, post-graduate school at Cornell University, and then spent a year visiting gardens and nurseries in Europe. After several years with Agriculture Canada in Ottawa, he joined the staff of Sheridan Nurseries in Etobicoke, Ontario.

In February 1972, a holiday in San Francisco turned everything upside down when he visited a house where the walls were covered with various kinds of advertising nostalgia and breweriana. Returning to Toronto, he decided to find a few advertising signs to decorate a stairwell. Soon he acquired several beer trays to decorate his kitchen. Then, “all hell broke loose!” as dealers started offering him ashtrays and bottle openers; before long, his passion for collecting Canadian breweriana was in full swing.

Larry’s first sixty labels, circa 1890-1910, were acquired in January 1975 when he found an old printer’s sample book. He added to this cache by purchasing other labels through contacts in breweries spanning from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and by trading with fellow collectors from across Canada.

In 2011, Anne Dondertman, then acting director of the Fisher Rare Books Library at the University of Toronto, convinced Larry to donate the pre-1945 portion of his label collection to the library. Anne went on to have it declared a National Treasure by Heritage Canada, and a large number of labels were scanned and made available for public viewing on the university’s website. In 2016 he published a book showcasing his collection of beer labels from the 1870s- 2016 entitled 150 Years of Canadian Beer Labels (2016).

Shapiro, Jack

  • Person
  • 1926-2019

Jack Rae Shapiro was born at Woodstock, Ontario, on June 5, 1926 to Julius and Fannie (Freedman) Shapiro. He received his primary education in Woodstock and graduated from Oakwood Collegiate Institute in Toronto. Shapiro earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Saskatchewan (1969).

Shapiro worked as a research assistant for the Economics Bureau in Toronto prior to moving to Regina, Saskatchewan in 1950. Shapiro was employed with Regina News from 1950 to 1970 as a sales manager, manager and president. He also served as president of Midwestern News Agency ltd. (Saskatoon), Supermatic Car Wash (Regina) and Smitty’s Pancake House (Saskatchewan).

During his residence in Saskatchewan, Shapiro was active in politics at the local and provincial level with the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) and New Democratic Party (NDP). He served as president of the Lakeview CCF Club and was a member of the Provincial Council and Provincial Executive of the New Democratic Party. Shapiro moved to Toronto in 1970.

He was named a member of the Order of Canada in 2003. Shapiro died on 17 January 2019, at age 92.

Shapiro married Juliette Paperny in August, 1947. They have five children: Daniel, Paul, Ellen, Carrie and Simone.

--primarily from Saskatchewan Archives Board, Administrative History, Jack Shapiro fonds

Russel, Robert Arnold

  • Person
  • 1927-2011

After attending the University of Toronto for several years in the late 1940s and graduating from the University of British Columbia in 1950, Russel set out for Europe to begin his career in the arts. In the 1950s and early 1960s, he worked as an actor, mime, director, and producer in theatres in Canada, France, and England. He created the tourist lecture series at the Comédie Française in Paris and the Monday- Night-Meet-the-Cast program for Tony Richardson at London's English Stage Company. As an NFB and independent filmmaker in Montreal, he edited Dalton Muir's seminal ecology film Life in the Woodlot; produced a very early TV series on the future, and made TV documentaries like "Cine-Boom," with friends Claude Jutra, Michel Brault, Guy Coté, Gilles Grouxl, and Pierre Patry, which introduced Quebec cinema to English Canada.

Russel’s life changed again in 1962, when he interviewed Marshall McLuhan for Canadian Art magazine on the tenth anniversary of Canadian TV. McLuhan, a virtual unknown outside academia at the time, talked for more than an hour, but Russel found him almost unintelligible. He spent a week doggedly reconstructing the taped interview into a linear narrative, placing McLuhan's name at the end. McLuhan was furious with the published piece, complaining he had been "straightened out." Russel was charming but unapologetic. They became friends. Most important, McLuhan inspired Russel to become one of Canada's first futurists. Russel created one of Canada's earliest think tanks, Orba, providing policy advice to Pierre Juneau, the Liberal Party, the Privy Council, ORTF's Pierre Schaeffer, Bahamian Premier Lyndon Pindling, and many others. By 1967, Russel had made detailed predictions of the Internet, home computers, and interactive voice response systems, and coined the words "cybersex," and "demand broadcasting." He published six daily and weekly booklets of abstracts culled from stories in the world's most influential newspapers and magazines, providing world leaders with an early-warning service on technological and cultural changes. He wrote on the future for Playboy, Saturday Night, Executive, Take One, and other periodicals. He authored The Electronic Briefcase and Winning the Future.

He wanted to live to 100. Learning his cancer was terminal, he gracefully accepted his fate, inviting friends to his home for one final, boisterous, well-attended party, holding court with his last great love, artist Mary Daemen, beside him. Tributes came from Japan, France and Trinidad. Stan Fox and Frank "Dr. Tomorrow" Ogden phoned from Vancouver; Pierre Juneau, Rock Demers, and Arnie Gelbart called from Montreal; Patrick Watson phoned to wish him a farewell. Six days later, he passed into eternity after a life lived with panache. He was the only child of Grace Arnold Davison, U.E.L, and C.E.S. Russel. Russel’s marriage to McGill professor Eva Blumenschein Russel ended in divorce. He left no survivors but many friends. The man who "straightened out" McLuhan and explained the future to the rest of us donated his remains to science.

Darvis, Lila

  • Person
  • 1902-1974

International actor Lili Darvas won acclaim in her adopted country, the United States, on stage, in films, and on television. Born in Budapest on April 10, 1902, to Alexander and Berta (Freiberger) Darvas, both of whom were Jewish, she was educated at the Budapest Lyceum. She made her professional debut at age twenty, playing Juliet in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet at the Magyar Szinhas in Budapest. Married to one of Hungary’s outstanding playwrights, Ferenc Molnar, Darvas appeared in a range of modern and classical works and became one of Budapest’s leading actors. Molnar, inspired by her talent, created a series of sparkling plays for her, including Riviera, Olympia, and The Girl from Trieste. In 1926, Darvas joined the acting troupe of the German impresario Max Reinhardt, even though she had learned to speak German only two years earlier, by reciting classical German verse plays for hours at a time.

She performed with Reinhardt’s company in Vienna and Berlin and at the Salzburg Festival until 1938. Her roles included Beatrice in Much Ado about Nothing, Lady Milford in Kabale und Liebe, Vivie in Mrs. Warren’s Profession, and Sadie Thompson in Rain. When Reinhardt’s company traveled to New York in 1927, Darvas appeared as Titania in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, as Faith in Jedermann, Lucille in Danton’s Tod, and Beatrice in The Servant of Two Masters. Toward the end of her prewar European career, she played the title role in the film Marie Baskirchev (1936). Her next significant movie role would be in the MGM all-star musical Meet Me in Las Vegas in 1956.

In 1938, she left Europe, immigrating to the United States, where she became a citizen in 1944.

In 1944, she made her Broadway debut as Peter Gray, the women’s page editor of the Herald Tribune, in the play Soldier’s Wife. The following season, she played Gertrude in Maurice Evans’s famous “G. I.” production of Hamlet. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Darvas worked steadily on the New York stage. She returned to Budapest to perform in a revival of Olympia in 1965 and made the film Love there five years later. Her last major Broadway stage role was that of Madame Neilsen in Les Blancs in 1970.

In 1951, she began a television career that would lead to roles in over a hundred programs. Her most significant television performance was in the title role of the National Educational Television Opera Theatre production of Rachel La Cabana in 1973.

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