Showing 3472 results

People and organizations

Fleming, Archibald Lang

  • Person
  • 1883-1953

Archibald Lang Fleming was born in Greenstock, Scotland, in 1883. He was the first Bishop of the Anglican Diocese of the Arctic. In 1906 he came to Canada to train at Wycliffe College, Toronto, and in 1909 he established a mission at Lake Harbour in the Artic, where he stayed until 1916. For his crossing of Fox Peninsula on his return, he was made a member of the Royal Geographic Society.

Until his first appointment as Archdeacon of the Arctic in 1927, he served first as financial secretary and Chaplin to Wycliffe College and then as Rector of Old Stone Church, Saint John, NB. His incredible travels as Bishop of the Arctic earned him the title "The Flying Bishop." He was the author of several books. He died in Toronto in 1953.


  • Corporate body
  • 1975-2002

Syd Kessler and Jody Colero operated a number of commercial studios from the 1970s to 2000. Hamilton born Syd Kessler began working in media in 1966 when he was hired by Chuck Blore Creative Services, a Los Angeles-based radio production company. Over the next five years, Kessler learned his way around a recording studio while also freelance writing for the prime time comedy show, Laugh-In. Returning to Toronto in 1971, Kessler obtained work writing for television shows such as Wayne and Schuster and began working on commercials with noted jingle writer and film composer Ben McPeek. Kessler joined the Cockfield Brown Advertising Agency in 1973; it was here that he met Cubby Marcus, who would become his mentor.

By 1975, Kessler had started his own company, WAMO (Words and Music Organization), which then became Kessler, Morrison, Meteskey and Giacomelli Inc. Three years later, he founded Kessler Productions (later Kessler Music Corp.), which over the next several years became the largest jingle company in Canada. In 1981, Kessler acquired Berryman Studios and Sounds Interchange and formed the Air Company and Creative Interchange. These two companies dominated the advertising business in Canada for nearly a decade, with Kessler co-writing, producing and/or directing commercials for major companies including Coca-Cola, Esso, Air Canada, McDonald’s and others. In 1988, John Labatt Ltd. merged with Kessler Music Corp, thereby forming a new entity called Supercorp. Five of Kessler’s competitors came under the Supercorp umbrella; one of these, Einstein Brothers, included Jody Colero.

Following a change in direction in 1994, Kessler sold his shares in Supercorp and started a new company called The Kessler Group. In 1997, Kessler became co-director of KPMG e-commerce practice. He retired in 2000, and published a book (called The Perfect System) in 2005, and currently lives in Toronto.

Jody Colero began his professional career in 1977, working as an engineer at Thunder Sound. He subsequently worked in A & R, signing notable Canadian pop and rock artists such as Teenage Head, Harlequin and David Bendeath while helping to develop a number of successful Canadian songwriters like Mary Margaret O’Hara and Tim Thorney. Colero also worked with such notable Canadian acts as Dr. Music and Craig Russell. In 1985, Colero formed Einstein Brothers Music Inc. with two partners that he subsequently bought out. The company was acquired by Kessler’s Supercorp in 1992. Shortly afterwards, Colero created the Einstein Brothers Record label, which enjoyed some success with Cassandra Vassik and Charlie Major. Einstein Brothers Inc. was acquired by Supercorp in 1992 and, after its dissolution, Colero became the sole owner of the company that he once co-owned. After a brief sabbatical at the end of 2001, Colero returned to the advertising business with a new company called Silent Joe. He continues to create musical products for all media.

In addition to their advertising work, both Kessler and Colero served as executive producers or worked ‘hands on’ on commercial recordings by Bob and Doug MacKenzie, Rick Moranis and Mary Margaret O’Hara, among others. Kessler and Colero’s work has been well-regarded within the advertising, music and broadcasting communities, and they have earned countless awards: AMPAC (Advertising Music Producers Association of Canada), Andys (Advertising Club of New York), Bessies, Canadian Radio Commercial Awards, Canadian TV Commercials Festival, CLIOs (International Broadcasting Awards), International Film & TV Festival awards, Toronto Art Directors Club Awards, and others.

O'Connor, John

  • Person
  • 1870-1952

John O'Connor was a Roman Catholic parish priest based in the town of Bradford, Yorkshire. Born on 5 December 1870 in Clonmel, County Tipperary, Ireland, O'Connor was educated by the Franciscans and Christian Brothers until the age of twelve, at which point he left for Douai in Flanders to study at the English Benedictine College. He later studied theology and philosophy at the English College in Rome. He was ordained at St. John Lateran on 30 March 1895. O'Connor served as curate at St. Joseph's in Bradford, England and later at St. Marie's, Halifax, West Vale and St. Anne's, Keighley. From 1909 to 1919 O'Conner was parish priest of Heckmondwike where he helped build the Church of the Holy Spirit. It was in Keighley that O'Connor met the writer G.K. Chesterton in 1904. He would later receive Chesterton into the Roman Catholic faith in 1922. O'Connor served as parish priest at St. Cuthbert's from 1919 until his death. In 1937 he was made Privy Chamberlain to His Holiness. In addition to Chesterton, O'Connor was also associated with the Catholic authors Hilaire Belloc, Maurice Baring and the typographer and engraver Eric Gill. O'Connor published poems, book reviews and prose in English Catholic periodicals and news papers, and also translated the work of French poet Paul Claudel, (including "The Satin Slipper" and "Ways and Crossways") and the philosopher Jacques Maritain's "Art et Scolastique".John O'Connor died in the Sisters' of Mercy Nursing Home at Horsforth on 6 Febraury 1952.

University of Toronto. Department of Occupational Health and Occupational Therapy

  • Corporate body
  • 1918-

There are actually two beginnings for occupational therapy at the University of Toronto: one in 1918 and one in 1926. [The] first program was designed for ward aides to work with the injured soldiers of World War I. Ward aides were employed by the Military Hospitals Commission of Canada to provide the soldiers with occupations, generally in the form of crafts, to “rehabilitate” their spirit during long periods of convalescence. From bedside and ward occupations, the soldiers progressed to off-ward occupations and to curative workshops. At later stages, soldiers who were unable to return to their former jobs were given occupations related to their vocational retraining. Similar occupation-based work had been carried out for decades in mental institutions and also in tuberculosis sanatoriums so there was already some basis on which to build this program. As each year of the war went by and the numbers of injured soldiers continued to increase, the Military Hospitals Commission realised it needed more women to work as ward aides. The University of Toronto (U of T) volunteered to help meet this need and started short courses to train ward aides in 1918. The courses were run by the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering and held in the basement of the Mining Building. From 6-week courses, they developed into 6-month courses and when the last course finished in the fall of 1919, some 300 women had been trained as ward aides and were working across the country.

The ward aides continue to work with veterans after the war ended. They also continued to work in mental institutions and tuberculosis sanatoriums and by 1920 they had begun working in general hospitals as well. They soon realised that there would be a continuing need for the service they were providing. The ward aides who were based in Ontario organized themselves into the Ontario Society for Occupational Therapy (OSOT) and received their provincial charter in 1921. In addition to promoting occupational therapy as treatment, OSOT began planning for a proper training course to be housed at the University of Toronto. With influential people on their Advisory Board (including Dr Primrose, then Dean of the Faculty of Medicine, and Sir Robert Falconer, the President of the University), they were able to establish a new program in 1926. This “second beginning” for OT at U of T was a two-year diploma course. It was run by the Department of Extension, a structural entity that oversaw programs with somewhat uncertain futures. The course was advertised in the Commencement Bulletin the preceding June as a "new course for young ladies who are anxious to be of service in the healing of the sick and maimed and convalescent." In 1946, the course was extended to 3 years, and in 1950, occupational therapy and physical therapy were combined into one program and brought into the Faculty of Medicine as part of the Division of Rehabilitation Medicine. The program was known as “P&OT” and its graduates were affectionately known as “POTS”. Although combining the programs was not considered desirable by many – there was at last a permanent home for the program in the Faculty of Medicine. Some 20 years later, the programs separated again to become individual degree programs, with the first students graduating with a BSc (OT) degree in 1974. In 2000, occupational therapy became a graduate program offering an MScOT degree.

In recommending the program to the University in 1926, the letter to the University Senate noted that there was a desire "to make the University of Toronto Extension Course the headquarters for the Dominion of Canada, so that pupils will not be of Provincial origin alone, but will come from all parts of the Dominion." Indeed this intention was realised as the U of T program remained the only university program in Canada until 1950, and the only one in Ontario until 1967. In fact the program at U of T was one of just five schools of occupational therapy in all of North America to be recognized in 1935 by the American Medical Association, the academic accrediting body of the time. The schools were in Boston, St Louis, Philadelphia, Milwaukee, and Toronto. Class size at U of T varied tremendously over the years and ranged from as few as 13 during the early years of the depression, to 120 in the post-war class of 1947.

Because it was the only educational program in Canada until 1950, OT at U of T provided most of the occupational therapists for the country. As a result, our grads held most of the senior clinical positions and greatly influenced the development of the profession. When new educational programs began to develop at other Canadian universities, the directors were usually selected from among U of T grads and they too greatly influenced the development of the profession. Grads from OT at U of T continue those traditions today, making their influence felt across the nation, and around the world.

Judith Friedland. PhD, OT Reg (Ont), FCAOT
Professor Emerita
July 17, 2006
(taken from

University of Toronto. Department of Pathology

  • Corporate body
  • 1891-1896, 1951-1997

The University of Toronto's Department of Pathology and Bacteriology was established in 1897 when the Department of Pathology (originally est. in 1891) was renamed to include Bacteriology. The Department existed until 1951, when Pathology and Bacteriology split for form stand alone departments. The Department of Bacteriology existed until 1971, when it become the Department of Medical Microbiology, and was later combined with the Department of Medical Genetics (est. in 1996) to form the Department Medical Microbiology and Genetics (1997). Meanwhile, in 1997, the Department of Pathology was combined with the Department of Clinical Biochemistry (est. in 1972) to form the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology.

Frothingham, John

  • Person
  • 1788-1870

John Frothingham was born in Portland, Maine, and came to Canada in 1809 to open a hardware store for Samuel May, who had a similar store in Boston where Frothingham worked. In 1831, he was one of the founders and a main shareholder of the City Bank of Montreal, which broke the monopoly of the Bank of Montreal in the city. He became president of the bank, a position he held from 1834 until his retirement in 1849. Frothingham's other business interests and activities included the Montreal Board of Trade, St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad, Montreal Stock Exchange and Canada Inland Steam Navigation Company.

Gale, James Scarth

  • Person
  • 1863-1937

James Scarth Gale was a Canadian writer and Presbyterian missionary in Korea.

Gibb, Camilla

  • Person
  • 1968-

Camilla Gibb was born in London, England, and grew up in Toronto. She has a B.A. in anthropology and Middle Eastern studies from the University of Toronto, completed her Ph.D. in social anthropology at Oxford University in 1997, and spent two years at the University of Toronto as a post-doctoral research fellow before becoming a full-time writer. She is the author of three novels: Mouthing the Words, The Petty Details of So-and-so's Life and Sweetness in the Belly, as well as numerous short stories, articles and reviews. She was the winner of the Trillium Book Award in 2006, a Scotiabank Giller Prize short list nominee in 2005, winner of the City of Toronto Book Award in 2000 and the recipient of the CBC Canadian Literary Award for short fiction in 2001. Her books have been published in 18 countries and translated into 14 languages, and she was named by the jury of the prestigious Orange Prize as one of 21 writers to watch in the new century.

Gilpin-Brown, Edward

  • Person
  • 1854-1904

Edward Gilpin-Brown was a captain with the 92nd Gordon Highlanders from February 1874 until June 1884. He served in the second Afghan War (1878-1880), the Boer War (1881) and the Egyptian War (1882).

Alexander, W. J. (William John)

  • Person
  • 1855-1944

William John Alexander was born of Scottish parents in Hamilton, Canada West, in 1855. He was educated in Hamilton and at the University of Toronto where he won a scholarship which enabled him to study English at the University of Wales College in Charlottetown for two years. He obtained a PhD in Greek And Philology at the newly constituted Johns Hopkins University in 1833, and spent a further year studying modern languages in Heidelberg. Dr. Alexander was appointed professor of English language and literature at Dalhousie University in 1884. Attracted by Alexander's reputation as a scholar and teacher, the University of Toronto hired him as Professor of English in 1889. He occupied the chair of English at University College until his retirement in 1927, enriching the lives of several generations of students by his knowledge and enthusiasm. He worked with the Department of Education in improving English text books for public schools and high schools. He edited Shorter Poems and Short Stories and Essays for use in Ontario high schools. His selection of poems is especially interesting, covering the entire range of English literature from the early ballads (one of his great loves) to the free verse of his century. He died in 1944 while visiting his daughter, Mrs. Carleton Stanley, in Halifax.

Appell, M. R. (Melvin Robert)

  • Person
  • 1943-

M.R. (Melvin Robert) Appell was born in Kitchener, Ont., in 1943. He has been writing poetry since the early 1960s. His work has appeared in The Antigonish Review, The New Quarterly, Volume 63, Alive Magazine, Mountain, Weed and The Canadian Review, among other periodicals. In 1968, he won the Dorothy Shoemaker Award, judged by Irving Layton. He currently lives in Newfoundland.

Bacque, James

  • Person
  • 1929-

James Bacque is a writer, editor and one-time publisher. Educated at Upper Canada College in Toronto and then the University of Toronto, where he studied history and philosophy, Bacque began his career as a fiction writer, publishing the novels The Lonely Ones (novel was re-titled Big Lonely when published in England and in paperback by M&S in 1978), A Man of Talent (Toronto: New Press, 1972) and The Queen Comes to Minnicog . He has also written a number of plays and teleplays. In 1989, Bacque published his first non-fiction book, the controversial Other Losses. The book thesis was that the Allied Supreme Commander Dwight Eisenhower’s policies caused the death of 790,000 German captives in internment camps through disease, starvation and cold from 1944 to 1949. He followed it up with two more World War II-related books: Just Raoul and Crimes and Mercies. He also published another work of fiction, Our Fathers' War.

Banting, Frederick Grant, Sir

  • Person
  • 1891-1941

Frederick Banting was a Canadian physician and medical researcher who was best-known as the co-discoverer of insulin. He was also an artist.

Exile Editions

  • Corporate body
  • 1976?-

Exile Editions is an independent Canadian publisher based in Toronto. It was founded in 1976 by Barry Callaghan.

Donnell, David

  • Person
  • 1939-

David Donnell is a Canadian poet and writer. He was born in 1939 in St. Mary’s, Ontario. He moved to Toronto in 1958 and became acquainted with other Toronto poets through the Bohemian Embassy. In 1961, he published his first book, Poems, and assisted John Robert Colombo in printing Margaret Atwood’s first book, Double Persephone. Other published works of Donnell include: The Blue Sky (1977), Dangerous Crossings (1980), Hemingway in Toronto (1982), Settlements (1983), which was the Governor General’s Award for Poetry, The Blue Ontario Hemingway Boat Race (1985), Water Street Days (1989), China Blues (1992), which won the City of Toronto Book Award, Dancing in the Dark (1996) and Sometimes a Great Notion (2004).

Bland, J. O. P. (John Otway Percy)

  • Person
  • 1863-1945

John Otway Percy Bland was born in Malta, second son of Major-General E.L. Bland of County Antrim, Ireland. He was educated in Switzerland, at Victoria College, Jersey, and at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1883 he joined the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs and for some years was also private Secretary to Sir Robert Hart, resigning in 1896 to become Secretary to the Municipality for the Foreign Settlements at Shanghai. He became representative in China of the British and Chinese Corporation Ltd. in 1906, and negotiated four railway loans with the Chinese Government. In 1910 he resigned and left China. He had been Times Correspondent in Shanghai from 1897-1907 and in Peking, 1907-10. After his return to England he engaged chiefly in journalism. He published ten books under his own name, mainly on eastern affiars and current events. He is chiefly renowned for his collaboration with Sir Edmund Backhouse in China under the Empress Dowager, 1910, and Annals of the Court of Peking, 1913.

Canadian Economics Association

  • Person
  • 1967-

The Canadian Economics Association/Association canadienne d’économique (CEA) was originally part of the Canadian Political Science Association (CPSA) founded in 1913. The separate association emerged in 1967 as a result of a decision made by economists,political scientists, and sociologists to create separate societies to represent their interests.

The CEA held its founding meeting at Carleton University in June 1967, organized by a sub-committee of the CPSA. The constitution of the CEA was approved and the first slate of officers elected at that meeting. The object of the organization, as stated in its 1990 constitution, is as follows: the advancement of economic knowledge through the encouragement of study and research, the issuing of publications, and the furtherance of free and informed discussion of economic questions. The Association as such will not assume a partisan position upon any question of practical politics nor commit its members to any position thereon.

The CEA is comprised mainly of academic economists. As of early 2007 there were approximately 1400 members. The organization is governed by an elected president and an executive council that is selected by a nominating committee. In addition to the nominating committee, the organization maintains a committee for economic history, prize committees, and others established on an ad hoc basis. Since its inception, the CEA has recognized French and English as its official languages. As noted in more detail below, the CEA is involved in the publication of two journals, the Canadian Journal of Economics/ Revue canadienne d’économique and Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de politiques, as well as a semi-annual newsletter, begun in 1990, and member directory (the latter now published in the Web).

Cohen, Leonard

  • Person
  • 1934-2016

Leonard Cohen (born 21 September 1934 in Montréal, QC; died 7 November 2016 in Los Angeles, California) was a Canadian singer, songwriter, poet, novelist and painter.
Born in 1934 in Westmount, Québec to an Orthodox Jewish family, Cohen was the second child of Masha Klinitsky-Klein and Nathan Bernard Cohen. Cohen demonstrated an interest in writing, particularly poetry, from an early age. At 15, under the influence of country and western music, he began to play guitar and for a short time he took flamenco guitar lessons. He attended McGill University and graduated with a degree in English literature in 1955. During his time at McGill, Cohen took a poetry course with Louis Dudek and a prose course with Hugh MacLennan. He was also introduced to poet Irving Layton, who became his friend and mentor. During this period he began writing poetry and was part of the local literary scene. Cohen gave his earliest poetry readings in a Montreal nightclub to jazz accompaniment and also performed in a country-western trio called the Buckskin Boys.
His first collection of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies, was published in 1956 as a part of the McGill Poetry Series. He would briefly attend both McGill Law School (1955-1956) and Columbia University School of General Studies (1956-1957) before deciding to write full-time. Cohen moved briefly to London with a grant from the Canada Council for the Arts and then relocated to the Greek Island of Hydra in 1960, where he would live for the next seven years. It was there that he published The Spice Box of Earth in 1961, which would launch his literary career. He would later publish another collection of poetry, Flowers For Hitler in 1964 and his first two novels: The Favorite Game (1963) and Beautiful Losers (1966). To date, each book has sold more than 800,000 copies worldwide. It was not until the late 1960s that he decided to move to Nashville and pursue a musical career, where he established himself as not only a poet but also a revered singer-songwriter. He continued to publish throughout his life, including Death of a Lady’s Man (1978), Book of Mercy
(1984), Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs (1993), and Book of Longing (2006). In his poetry, novels and music, he constantly probed the human condition, exploring themes of love, loss, and death. As a poetic and unlikely pop star, his reliance on simple melodies were complimented by the intense imagery and depth of his lyrics. As one of the most iconic Canadian artists of the 20th century, Leonard Cohen was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, the US Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Folk Music Walk of Fame. He also a number of awards for both his writing and his music, including: the Glenn Gould Prize for
lifetime achievement in the arts, the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature, the Prix DenisePelletier, eight Juno Awards, a Grammy Lifetime Achievement award and numerous other

Drake, Stillman

  • Person
  • 1910-1993

Stillman Drake (1910-1993) was a Canadian historian of science, known for his work on Galileo. He became interested in the writings of A.B. Johnson in 1938 after reading his “A Treatise on Language.”

Granville-Barker, Harley

  • Person
  • 1877-1946

Harley Granville Barker was born in Kensington, London, in 1877. His career included prominent success in five branches of theatrical life: as an actor, director, producer-manager, critic and playwright. In his twenties, he became established as a leader of the movement to reform British theatre, to make it less about spectacle and escapism and transform it into the cradle of a New Drama that explored social issues and featured naturalistic staging and realistic psychology. He can be viewed as one of the artists who invented the idea of the modern theatre director. He died in 1946.

University of Toronto. Political Science Club

  • Corporate body

Founded 188- or 189-; in existence in 1897 but founded some years earlier: see "College Topics", 1897-11-16, p. 2; "Torontonensis", I (1898), 151. The first recorded suggestion for such a society was made in the "Varsity" in 1884 [4, 25 (1884-04-19), 300].

Birdsall, Richard

  • Person
  • 1799-1852

Richard Birdsall born 1799, died 21 January, 1852. Surveyor of grounds of King's College and other properties; politician. Henry Boys, born 8 November, 1775. Died 23 April, 1868. Bursar, University of King's College, 1839-1851.

Boyle, David

  • Person

Boyle was a prominent archaeologist and ethnologist and was author of "Notes on the Life of Dr. Joseph Workman" (1894).

Campbell, Mary A

  • Person

Miss Campbell was a participant in the curriculum studies sessions at the Ontario College of Education in the early 1960s, along with Professor Robin S. Harris. At the time of this donation, she had retired from teaching at Parkdale Collegiate.

Horne, Alan J.

  • Person
  • 1931-

Alan J. Horne is a collector of British illustrated books, a librarian and a writer.

Hogg, Frank Scott

  • Person
  • 1904-1951

Professor of astronomy at the University of Toronto, Director of Dunlap Observatory.

Born in Preston Ontario and a graduate of the University of Toronto in 1926, Frank Scott Hogg was the first to be awarded a Ph.D. in astronomy from Harvard College. It was during his graduate studies that he met Helen Sawyer whom he married in 1930. After travelling to Europe and the Western United States on a Parker Travelling Fellowship visiting observatories, Dr. Hogg was offered a position at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory in Victoria B.C., then under the direction of J.S. Plaskett. He and his wife Helen both undertook research at the D.O.A. until 1934 when they moved to the newly opened David Dunlap Observatory, where Frank Hogg became a lecturer.

Through the years, he rose through the ranks to become a professor of astronomy and finally head of the department and Director of the David Dunlap Observatory in 1946. His main interest lay in the radial velocity program of which he spent much of the time observing, measuring and computing data. During the war, he taught Air Navigation and is credited for inventing a two-star sextant intended to simplify navigation. Under his direction the D.D.O. undertook and completed many observing programs and a Ph.D. program was initiated. Unfortunately, Dr. Hogg did not live to see the first Ph.D. student graduate. He died of a heart ailment on New Years Day 1951, at the age of forty-six.

Peters, Vera

  • Person
  • 1911-1993

Medical researcher and a pioneer in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease and breast cancer.

Bates, Gordon Anderson

  • Person
  • 1885-1975

Student in the Faculty of Medicine. Born in Burlington, Ontario, 1885; died at Toronto, 7 November, 1975, aged 89. Gordon Bates was on the Executive of the University Student Parliament, 1905- 06, and was a representative of U of T Medical Society. He was a founder of the Health League of Canada.

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