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Molnar, Ferenc

  • Person
  • 1878-1952

Ferenc Molnar was an Hungarian-American playwright, director, novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. Molnár wrote in all about 42 plays. Much of his life Molnár spent away from his native country; he died in New York. Molnár's novel, The Paul Street Boys (1907), is among the most popular books in Hungary.

Ferenc Molnár was born Ferenc Neumann in Budapest into a well-to-do Jewish family. His father, Mor Neumann, was a famous physician. At the age of eighteen, Molnár began a career in journalism and then studied law in Budapest and Geneva. He joined the editorial staff of the Budapest newspaper Budapesti napló and changed his German name, to be known as a Hungarian writer, which he was. In 1906 he married the journalist and painter Margit Vészi; they divorced in 1910. She was the daughter of Jósef Vészi, the editor-in-chief of Pester Lloyd. Like Molnár, she came from a Jewish family. Later in life Molnár converted to Christianity.

At the age of twenty-two, after writing a number of short stories, Molnár published his first novel, Az éhes város (The Hungry City). Molnár's early plays were comedies, such as A doktor úr (1902) and Józsi (pub. 1904). In 1907 he gained fame as a novelist with A Pál utcai fiúk (The Paul Street Boys), a story about two rival boy's gangs on the streets of Budapest.
Az ördög (1907, The Devil), taking its central idea from Faust and dealing with marital infidelity, was staged in New York a year after its Hungarian premiere. This comedy established Molnár's fame as one of the leading dramatists of his day. Molnár wrote the play for Irén Varsányi, who was at that time Hungary's leading actress. Her jealous husband, Illés Szécsi, a wealthy manufacturer, challenged him to the duel, but it was eventually Molnár who spent two weeks in jail.

Liliom, perhaps Molnár's most enduring achievement, failed first but it soon soon gained international success. The première in December 1909 at Budapest left critics a bit bewildered. The hero is killed in the fifth scene but he is back on earth in the seventh. After four screen adaptations the play becomeseventually familiar as the Rogers and Hammerstein musical Carousel (1944). Earlier also the Italian composer Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) had thought of setting it to music. Influenced by Oscar Wilde, Pirandello, and George Bernard Shaw, but with his own touch of wit and grace, Molnár fused in Liliom naturalistic scenes with mystical symbolism.

During World War I Molnár served for a year as a war correspondent. His reports were published in book form in 1916 under the title Egy haditudósító naplója (The Diary of a War Correspondent). Some of these writings also appeared in the New York Times, although Hungary belonged to the enemies of the Allies.

Between 1908 and 1940, sixteen of Molnár's plays were produced on Broadway. When he visited the United States with his wife in the 1920s, he was honored with a dinner dance, at which guests included Gershwins and Vanderbilts. Until 1925, he resided in Hungary, and then moved to Germany. In Vienna he stayed in a comfortable hotel for long periods, in Budapest he was seen often at the Café Central on Károlyi Mihály street.

Molnár's most interesting plays from this decade include Játék a kastélyban (1926, The Play's the Thing), which followed a Pirandellian theme of reality and illusion through a discussion of how a play should be written. A hattyú (1921, The Swan), a comedy about a girl being groomed to marry a prince, was filmed in 1956 with Grace Kelly. In Olympia (1928) Molnár assailed the cruelty of aristocracy toward the common man. The Good Fairy (1930), had a respectable run on Broadway. Its film version from 1935, directed by William Wyler, and starring Margaret Sullivan and Herbert Marshall, was written by Preston Sturges, who invented a new beginning and damped down observations on marital infidelity. The film was a smash hit. It was remade in 1947 as I'll be Yours.

In 1938, after the Anschluss, Molnár fled to the United States (according to some sources 1936) to escape Nazi persecution. In his new home country, he was celebrated for his masterly theatrical technique and the sparkling dialogue of his characters, which at the same time expressed a sense of humanity and decency. Underpaid workers and vagrants Molnár portrayed with great sympathy.

Molnár held court in his suite at the New York Plaza Hotel, and continued writing, but he did not speak much English and he became increasingly isolated. In Hungary his plays were not performed during the Communist period. Molnár died on April 2, in 1952. Because of a superstitious fear that in preparing a will he would shorten his life, Molnár died intestate. His second wife was the the actress-singer Sári Fedák (1879-1955), who became a Nazi. They divorced in 1925 and Molnár then married the actress Lili Darvas (1902-1974); she began a successful television career in the 1950s. After the war, Sári Fedák was sentenced to prison for a short period by the "People's Court". In the Communist Hungary Molnár's works were viewed with suspicion long after his death. Even in the 1980s Attila Tamás wrote in A History of Hungarian Literature (1983): "He had great talents as a dramatist, but he lacked the appreciation of the noble human values necessary for true greatness."

P.G. Wodehouse adapted Game of Hearts from a text by Molnár, and also The Play's the Thing. Tom Stoppard adapted a Molnár Rough Crossing in 1985, and The Guardsman was made into a radio drama in 1947 by Arthur Miller. In addition, a number of Molnár's plays and novels were turned into Hollywood films, among them No Greater Glory (1934), Liliom, filmed several times, and The Swan, first directed byDimitri Buchowetzki in 1925, remade in 1930, and then again in 1956 by Charles Vidor, starring Grace Kelly and Alec Guinness.
Billy Wilder's satirical One, Two, Three, about Coca-Cola, a raging capitalist, and Communism was based on Molnár's play Egy, kettő, három (1929). Wilder shot the film mostly in Germany.

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Hynes, Maureen

  • Person
  • 1948-

Maureen Hynes is a Toronto poet whose first book of poetry, Rough Skin, won the League of Canadian Poets’ 1995 Gerald Lampert Award for best first book of poetry by a Canadian. Her second collection, Harm’s Way, was published by Brick Books, and her third, Marrow, Willowwas released in 2011 by Pedlar Press. In 2006, she won the Petra Kenny Poetry Competition at the Canadian High Commission in London, England. Her work was selected for Best Canadian Poems 2010, Ed. Lorna Crozier and longlisted for the 2011 edition of Best Canadian Poetry, Ed Priscila Uppal.

Her work has appeared in dozens of journals across Canada and internationally, and in over twenty anthologies and textbooks, including In Fine Form: The Canadian Book of Form Poetry, eds. Kate Braid and Sandy Shreve; A Verse Map of Vancouver, ed. George McWhirter; and The Bright Well, Ed. Fiona Lam. Maureen has given readings, workshops and panels across Canada and in the U.S, England, Scotland and Australia. In genres other than poetry, Maureen has published Letters from China, a memoir of her experiences in teacher training just after the Cultural Revolution in Chengdu, Sichuan. She has also written ESL academic texts, as well as academic articles in the fields of second language acquisition, women's training issues, human rights, labour history and labour studies. Most recently in 2010, she co-authored with David Kidd Mapping Our Work: Toronto Labour History Walking Tours, and conducts tours of Toronto's labour history sites. Maureen is Poetry Editor for Our Times, Canada’s national labour magazine (

Roberts, E. Dawson

  • Person
  • 1926-2012

E. Dawson Roberts was a student at Victoria University, 1943-1947.

Calzetta, Tony

  • Person
  • 1945-

Tony Calzetta (1945- ) is a Canadian artist and author who currently lives and works in Toronto. He works predominantly on canvas and paper and occasionally ventures into the areas of printmaking and sculpture. He has published other artist books in the past including Acts of Kindness and of Love (1995) in collaboration with John Metcalf, and a folio of 20 hand coloured intaglio prints entitled, War Stories for Children and Art Stories for Adults (2001).
In addition to his commissioned works, Calzetta is represented in public and private collections in Canada, the U.S. and Europe. As well, he is a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (R.C.A.).

Artifacts Collection

  • Corporate body

The Victoria University Artifacts Collection was created by the Archivist in order to organize donated artifacts, artifacts of unknown provenance, and artifacts accumulated by the Archives via the University.

Student Organization Records Collection

  • Corporate body

The Student Organization Records collection was compiled by the Victoria University Archives to organize small amounts of records from various student clubs and associations that do not have their own fonds.

Ephemera Collection

  • Corporate body

The Victoria University Ephemera Collection was compiled by the Archivist to organize the Ephemera.

Student Collection

  • Corporate body

The Victoria University Student Collection was created by the Archivist to organize small amounts of student personal records that do not require their own fonds.

Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam (Alfred Jeyaratnam)

  • Person
  • 1928-2000

Alfred Jeyaratnam Wilson was born on October 4, 1928 in Colombo, Sri Lanka, to Kanagasabay Rajaratnam Wilson and Elizabeth Ariammah Dutton. Wilson completed a B.A. in Economics and Political Science from the University of Ceylon in 1950, a Ph.D from the London School of Economics, University of London in 1956, and a DSc. (Econ.) from the University of London in 1977. In 1953, he and Suseelavathy Chelvanayakam (daughter of Samuel James Velupillai Chelvanayakam) were married in Colombo. Wilson taught political science at the University of Peradeniya in Sri Lanka from 1956 to 1972. After completing several fellowships in the UK, Canada, and the US, in 1972 he became professor of Political Science and Chairman of the Department of Political Science at the University of New Brunswick until 1994. From 1978 to 1984 Wilson also acted as an advisor to the Sri Lankan government. He and his family later moved to Toronto, where he passed away on 31 May 2000.

Wilson wrote and edited nine books on Sri Lankan politics as well as numerous essays and reviews published in academic journals. His books include: An Introduction to Civics and Government (1954); Politics in Sri Lanka, 1947–1973 (1974); Electoral Politics in an Emergent State: the Ceylon General Election of May 1970 (1975); The Gaullist System in Asia (1980); The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration: Essays in honour of W.H. Morris-Jones (1982, editor, with Dennis Dalton); The Break-up of Sri Lanka: The Sinhalese-Tamil Conflict (1988); S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947–1977: a Political Biography (1994); Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism: Its Origins and Development in the 19th and 20th Centuries (2000); and The Post-Colonial States of South Asia: Democracy, Development and Identity (2001, editor, with Amita Shastri).

Cassidy, Francis Alcot

  • Person
  • d.1924

Francis Alcot Cassidy was a graduate of Victoria College (B.A. Class of 1881, M.A. 1885). He was a Wesleyan Methodist Minister and spent time in Japan.

Victoria University (Toronto, Ont.). Office of Alumni Affairs & Advancement

  • Corporate body
  • 1975-

Throughout much of the University's history, matters of alumni and fund raising were managed by the President, Bursar, and Board of Regents. Beginning in 1975, a separate office was created to manage these responsibilities: the Department of External Relations and Development. Minor name changes have occurred since that time in 2002 and the 2010s. A committee of the Board of Regents continues to monitor and encourage matters relating to alumni and advancement.

2002 - The name changed to the Alumni Affairs and University Advancement Department.
[201-?] (exact year unknown) - The name changed to the Office of Alumni Affairs & Advancement.

Victoria University (Toronto Ont.). Centre for Renaissance and Reformation Studies

  • Corporate body
  • 1964-

In 1964, the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies (CRRS) was established by the Board of Regents to be: a research institute dedicated to the Renaissance and Reformation while having the Andrew James Bell Erasmus collection at its core, and; to develop a broader collection of reference works, texts, and bibliographical material for the period of ca. 1500-1700. The CRRS was co-publisher of the journal Renaissance and Reformation, it later began publishing the journals Early Theatre and Confraternitas, as well as five lines of books.

In 2020 the CRRS slightly altered their name to the Centre for Renaissance and Reformation Studies.

Griffin, Allan

  • Person
  • 1939-2011

Allan Griffin was a faculty member of the University of Toronto’s Department of Physics from 1967-2011, where he taught and conducted research in a number of areas of theoretical condensed matter physics, in particular Bose-Einstein condensation.

Born on February 10, 1939 in Vancouver, British Columbia, he entered the University of British Columbia at the age of 17, obtaining his B.Sc. in Mathematics & Physics in 1960, and an M.Sc. a year later in Theoretical Physics. He then went to Cornell University, where his doctoral studies in theoretical solid state physics were supervised by Vinay Ambegaokar. His thesis, entitled “Theory of the Thermal Conductivity of Gapless Superconductors,” resulted in an influential and widely-cited paper published in 1965, the year Griffin received his Ph.D. Following this, Griffin spent two years as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of California, San Diego, where he worked on superconductivity alongside renowned solid-state theorist Kazumi Maki. In 1967, Griffin was hired by the University of Toronto as an Assistant Professor; he held full professor status from 1976 to 2004. Griffin primarily taught at the University of Toronto’s Scarborough campus. Throughout his career, he mentored and supported the career development of countless young students and postdocs.

Over the course of his career, Griffin pursued many problems in condensed matter physics, including surface physics, plasmonic excitations in solids, phonons, and d-wave superconductivity. However, a reoccurring and increasingly prominent interest was Bose-Einstein condensation, a phenomenon predicted by Einstein in 1925 and, beginning in 1938, suspected to play a role in the dynamical properties of superfluid Helium-four (4He). Griffin supervised a number of Ph.D. students whose work touched on this, including his first, T.H. Cheung, who finished his thesis “Excitations in Bose Fluids”, in 1971. In 1993, after more than two decades of work on this topic, Allan published a monograph entitled Excitations in a Bose-Condensed Liquid. This text became a standard reference book within quantum liquid research field.

Griffin was an active member of the Canadian Association of Physicists throughout his career, advocating for Canadian physics and physicists. He served as Chair in 1993. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 2003 and was a member of the American Physical Society from 2004. In 2001, he was appointed Visiting Professor at the Collège de France, simultaneously receiving a Bronze Medal from that organization. Griffin also held a number of visiting professorships, including at the University of Trento (1995), Italy, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C. (1974) and was a Visiting Research Physicist at Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan (1987-1988).

Towards the end of his career, became interested in the history of liquid helium and superfluidity, in particular, Canadian contributions to this field. He helped found Canadian Association of Physicist’s (CAP) Division of History of Physics, serving as Chair in 2005 and 2006. He also played an organizational role in the ultracold physics community, initiating a Canadian Institute for Advanced Research-sponsored (CIFAR) workshop and conference series focused on ultracold matter, held in Banff and Toronto in the spring and fall of 2005.

Griffin died on May 19, 2011 in Toronto, survived by his wife Christine McClymont and extended family.

Moggridge, Donald E.

  • Person
  • 1943-

Donald E. Moggridge was born in 1943 and grew up in Windsor Ontario. From 1961 to 1965, he was a student in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto where he studied economic history under Karl Helleiner, John Dales, Tom Easterbrook and Ian Drummond. He graduated with his Honours B.A. in 1965 and subsequently went onto to do graduate work at the University of Cambridge where he obtained his M.A. in 1968 and his Ph.D. in 1970. While at Cambridge, he was mentored by well know economists Joan Robinson, Richard Kahn, who was his thesis advisor, and Austin Robinson.

It was also at Cambridge that he was first introduced to the papers of John Maynard Keynes which would influence his research interests throughout his entire career. In 1969, Prof. Moggridge began working with an established editorial team from the Royal Economic Society on The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes. What began as a job for a finishing Ph.D. student became a 20 year endeavour, and, in the end, Moggridge was responsible for editing 24 of the 30 volume set. His interest in Keynes resulted in two books on the famous economist: a small version Keynes which saw three editions and was translated into several languages and Maynard Keynes: An Economist’s Biography a large version that is considered the definitive account of Keynes’s work as an economist. He has published countless papers and chapters in books not only on Keynes but on other areas in economic history and the history of economic thought. Along with Susan Howson, he edited the diaries of James Meade and Lionel Robbins. He is also wrote a biography on Canadian economist Harry Johnson – Harry Johnson: A Life in Economics (2008).

In 1974, Prof. Ian Drummond enticed Prof. Moggridge back the University of Toronto with a full professorship. His early years were spent teaching undergraduate courses at Scarborough College and graduate courses on the St. George campus. Over the years, Prof. Moggridge taught courses in such subject areas as North American and British economic history, 20th century economic history, the history of economic thought, and the economics J.M. Keynes. He supervised 11 Ph.D. theses.

Throughout his career at the University of Toronto, Professor Moggridge also held various administrative roles including assistant Chair for Economics at Scarborough (1977-79, 1985-85), member, treasurer and chair for the Conference on Editorial Problems (1981-1991), Acting Associate Dean , Social Sciences for the School of Graduate Studies (1994-1997) as well as Vice Dean of SGS (1997-2000) and member of the Board of Trustees, Trinity College (1998-2004). He has worked on numerous review and planning committees throughout the University.

Moreover he has been an active member of the several professional associations including Economic History Association, Economic History Society and the Canadian Economics Association. He has been most involved with the History of Economic Society (HES) including serving a term as president 1987-1989. In 2008, he was honoured as a distinguished fellow by HES.

Today, Professor Moggridge is still a professor in the Department of Economics and is a Fellow of Trinity College.

Langton, William

  • Person
  • 1803-1881

William Langton was the eldest brother of John Langton. He became a highly successful banker in Manchester, England and a noted social reformer and connoisseur of the arts.

University of Toronto. Campus Chaplains' Association

  • Corporate body
  • 1976-

The Campus Chaplains' Association, an interfaith organization of the chaplains at the University of Toronto, was established about 1976 as the Campus Ministries Foundation. In February, 1983 the name was changed to the Christian Chaplains at the University of Toronto, and the following year to the Campus Chaplains' Association.

McCallum, Archie B.

  • Person
  • c. 1906-1970

Archie B. McCallum was a medical doctor trained at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine and who practiced in St. Thomas, Ontario.

Wagner, John C.

  • Person
  • 1931-2015

Buys, Anneke

  • Person
  • 1945-

Uomoto, Jay M.

  • Person
  • 1956-
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