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People and organizations
University of Toronto Music Library

Delamont, Gordon

Gordon Delamont, teacher, author, composer, and trumpeter was born in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan on October 27, 1918, and died in Toronto, Ontario on January 16, 1981. He performed in dance bands and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) radio orchestras, taught harmony, counterpoint, composition, and theory. Important pupils include Peter Appleyard, Gustav Ciamaga, Ron Collier, Jimmy Dale, Hagood Hardy, Paul Hoffert, Moe Koffman, Rob McConnell, Ben McPeek, Birnie Piltch, Fred Stone, Norman Symonds and Rick Wilkins, among many others.

Geiger-Torel, Herman

Herman Geiger-Torel, opera director and teacher was born in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1907. He began his career as a stage director in Czechoslovakia and Germany, and after 1934, in South America. From 1948 until his death in 1976 he was based in Toronto, working with the University of Toronto Opera Division and as general director of the Canadian Opera Company.

Palanti, Giuseppe

Giuseppe Palanti was born on July 30, 1881 in Milan, Italy and died on April 23, 1946 in Milan. In the early twentieth century, he worked as a costume and set designer for the Teatro alla Scala in Milan.

Buczynski, Walter

Walter Buczynski, pianist, composer and teacher, was born in Toronto on December 17, 1933. He studied internationally, with Darius Milhaud and Nadia Boulanger, among others. From 1962 until 1969, he taught piano and theory at the Royal Conservatory of Toronto, before moving to the University of Toronto, where he taught piano, theory and composition at from 1969 until his retirement in 1999. He is a prolific composer, and has often been commissioned by prominent Canadian artists and organizations.

McConnell, Rob

Rob McConnell was a trombonist, composer, and arranger. He was born in London, Ontario on February 14, 1935 and died in Toronto, Ontario on May 1, 2010. McConnell grew up in Toronto before moving to Edmonton, Alberta in 1954 to play with Don (DT) Thompson's band. He later performed as a pianist with Alex Lazaroff's Rhythm Rockets; with Gordon Delamont's rehearsal band; and as a trombonist with Bobby Gimby. In 1964, he worked in New York with Maynard Ferguson's big band, before returning to Toronto. In 1968, he formed the Boss Brass, one of Canada’s most successful jazz ensembles. In 1997, he reorganized the Boss Brass into the Rob McConnell Tentet, with whom he release three recordings (Rob McConnell Tentet, 2000; Thank You, Ted, 2002; and, Music of the Twenties, 2003).

Bartel, Lee

Lee Bartel is Professor Emeritus of Music Education and Music and Health, and the founding director of the Music and Health Research Collaboratory (MaHRC) at the University of Toronto.

Kenneson, Claude

Claude (Emile) Kenneson was a cellist, writer, and teacher. Born in Texas on April 11, 1935, he completed his Bachelor of Music (B Mus, 1957) and Master of Music (M Mus, 1959) at the University of Texas before moving to Canada in 1959. He was a member of the Vancouver, Winnipeg, and Montreal orchestras, and taught at the University of Alberta (1965-1990 and the Banff School of Fine Arts. In 1969, he was a founding member of the University of Alberta String Quartet. Kenneson passed away on October 9, 2013 in Edmonton, Alberta.

Kenins, Talivaldis

Talivaldis Kenins, a composer and teacher, was born in Liepaja, Latvia on April 23, 1919. He received a Bachelier des lettres from the College de Menton and Lycee de Grenoble in France in 1939, before studying composition at the State Conservatory in Riga with Joseph Wihtol. During the second Soviet occupation of Latvia following World War Two, he returned to France, and entered the Conservatoire National Superieur de Paris in 1945, where he studied with Simone Plé-Caussade, Tony Aubin and Olivier Messiaen, among others. There, he received the Perilhou, Gouy d'Arcy and Halphen music prizes, and graduated in 1950 with the Grand Prix Laureate in composition.

Kenins emigrated to Canada in 1951, where he was the organist and music directory at St. Andrews Latvian Lutheran Church in Toronto. In 1952, he joined the Faculty of Music at the University of Toronto, where he taught composition and contrapuntal techniques until his retirement in 1984. Kenins composed chamber music, eight symphonies, twelve concertos, three cantatas, an oratorio, several choral works, and various educational pieces. His awards and honours include: the Champollion Silver Medal (Grenoble), Officer of the National Three-Star Order of the Republic of Latvia, and Honourary Professor by the Music Academy of Latvia.

Kenins passed away in Toronto on January 20, 2008.

Hawkins, John

John Hawkins, composer, pianist, and teacher was born in Montreal on July 26, 1944 and died in Toronto, January 14, 2007.

Hawkins studied piano with Lubka Kolessa at the Conservatoire de musique et d’art dramatique and composition with Istvan Anhalt at McGill University. He also attended a conducting seminar with Bierre Boulez in Basel, Switzerland (1969). As a pianist, he performed over 70 new works for both the Montréal’s Société de musique contemporaine du Québec (SMCQ) and New Music Concerts (NMC). He won the Léger Prize in 1983 for new chamber music. He joined the University of Toronto in 1970, and taught analysis and composition until 2006. His compositions are performed throughout Canada, the United States, and Europe, and he wrote music for numerous groups and organizations, including the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Nexus, York Winds, NMC, SMQC, Chamber Concerts Canada and the Banff Centre.

Klein, Lothar

Lothar Klein, composer and teacher, was born in Hanover, Germany, on January 27, 1932, and died in Toronto on January 3, 2004. His family emigrated from Germany to England in 1939, and then to Minneapolis, Minnesota in 1940. Klein studied piano with Olga Samaroff-Stokowsky and received his doctorate in musicology and composition from the University of Minnesota, where he studied composition with Dimitri Mitropoulos, Antal Dorati, and Goffretto Petrassi. He also studied with Boris Blacher and Luigi Nono. After teaching at universities in the United States, he joined the University of Toronto Faculty of Music in 1968 and retired in 1996. His compositions include an opera (Tale of a Father and Son); various orchestral and chamber works; solo piano pieces; and vocal and choral compositions.

Johnstone, John Francis

John Francis Johnstone was born on November 25, 1838 in Kirkburton, near Huddersfield, in West Yorkshire. His father William was a tea merchant; his mother was Anne Whitehead.

In official birth registration documents for his children, J.F. is described as a teacher, but it is not known whether he taught just music. According to family lore, his future wife, Mary Curtis was at boarding school where she was sent by her parents who lived in Jamaica (Timothy Curtis was a Methodist minister/missionary who spent his career in Jamaica, moving from parish to parish). However, Mary Curtis was 18 at the time of her marriage, and in spite of family tradition was probably not a schoolgirl when she wed Frank. The family appears to have moved around a bit but always within the small circle of Bradford and its environs. Mother to five children, Mary Curtis died in 1877, three years after the last child was born, and soon afterwards J.F. married Catherine McGregor who was born in Scotland, and according to the census of 1881 was ten years older than her husband. In 1880 the family emigrated to Toronto where J.F. is described in the 1881 census as a music teacher. According to family lore Catherine returned to Britain.

J.F.’s obituary in the February 25, 1913 issue of The Toronto Daily Star gives further details of his life. “Mr. Johnstone was a well-known figure in musical circles in Toronto during the past 35 years. He had for many years his studio at the corner of Spadina Avenue and College Street. He was organist of Broadway Tabernacle and Christ Church, Lippincott and College, for a number of years. He was organist of Surrey Lodge, S.O.E. [Sons of England], of which he was a member for thirty years and was secretary of the Hospital Committee for the Sons of England for a number of years. In this work, which took him into the hospitals, his kindness and cheery face made him beloved by all who came in contact with him.”

J.F. Johnstone is given an entry in The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, and although some of the facts about his early life are incorrect, the text does mention that “he was associated with the CNE” and “taught privately.”

What is not mentioned in reminiscences or in documents is the many compositions and songs that J.F. wrote (just the music – not the words). These were published for voice, or piano or both, and usually in collaboration with the poet/publisher John Imrie.

Parlow, Kathleen

Kathleen Parlow, violinist and teacher, was born in Calgary, Alberta on September 20, 1890 and died in Oakville, Ontario on August 19, 1963. She completed her studies with Leopold Auer at St. Petersburg [Leningrad] Conservatory, made her professional debut in Berlin in 1907 and then toured world wide. Returning permanently to Canada in 1941, she taught at the Toronto Conservatory and founded The Canadian Trio, and the Parlow String Quartet.

Taussig, Elyakim

Elyakim (Peter) Taussig, pianist, was born in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, February 27, 1944. He received the first Master of Music (MMUS) in performance granted by the University of Toronto in 1970, and formed the ensemble Camerata in 1973. He has been active as a performer, composer and educator.

Branscombe, Gena

Gena Branscombe was born in Picton, Ontario on November 4, 1881. She was a composer and conductor, and left Canada in 1897 to study and work in the United States. Her piano pieces, songs, and choral and orchestral works were published and performed in both countries. In 1934, she founded The Branscombe Choral (1934-1954) in New York, for whom she composed and arranged works. The choir also premiered various musical works by other female composers. Branscombe died in New York on July 26, 1977.

Collier, Ron

Ron (Ronald William) Collier was a composer, arranger, conductor, trombonist, and teacher. Born near Lethbridge, Alberta on July 3, 1930, he received his early musical training in the Kitsilano Boys' Band in Vancouver, British Columbia (1943-1950). He then studied composition in Toronto with Gordon Delamont (1951-1954) and in New York with George Russell and Hall Overton (orchestration) (1961-1962).

In the 1950s, Collier played trombone in various Toronto dance bands, the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, the National Ballet, the Canadian Opera Company orchestras, and for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) radio and television groups. He was also a member of Norman Symonds' jazz octet, and formed his own jazz group in 1954, which started as a quartet (1954-1957), then a quintet (1957), dixtuor (1960), and, for Expo '67 and other special occasions, a big band.

In 1972, Collier became the composer-in-residence at Humber College in Toronto, and continued to teach there from 1974 until 1979. His students included Pete Coulman, Scott MacMillan, Jim McGrath, John Roby, Ilmars Sermulis, and Doug Wilde. Collier composed several works within the Third-Stream idiom, wrote scores for the plays, various films, and the ballet Aurora Borealis, and many works for big band.

Collier was named an officer of the Order of Canada in 2003. He passed away in Toronto, Ontario on October 22, 2003.

Nimmons, Phil

Nimmons (clarinetist, composer, arranger, and band leader) was born in Kamloops, British Columbia on June 3, 1923, and raised in Vancouver. His life-long career in music began with playing clarinet in high school, and leading a small band in his Point Grey neighbourhood. Nimmons studied at the University of British Columbia 1940-1944 in preparation for a career in medicine. At this time, he played in local dance bands (Sandy DeSantis, Stan Patton, Barney Potts, Wilf Wylie, and Dal Richards) and joined the jazz quintet of the guitarist Ray Norris, where he actively arranged a substantial body of music. He subsequently studied clarinet 1945-1947 at the Juilliard School with Arthur Christmann and composition 1948-1950 at the Royal Conservatory of Music with Richard Johnston, Arnold Walter, and John Weinzweig.

In 1953, Nimmons formed his own jazz band (which took the name Nimmons 'N' Nine in 1957). Early broadcasts on CBC and its concert debut in 1956 at the Stratford Festival marked the beginning of this venture. Through various iterations, including Nimmons ‘N’ Nine Plus Six, this ensemble continued in some form much of the rest of his career. Subsequently, Nimmons has performed with David Braid, billing themselves as Nimmons ‘N’ Braid. In November 2013, Nimmons performed in a concert billed as “Nimmons ‘N’ 90” in celebration of his 90th year. Nimmons joined the University of Toronto in 1973 as instructor in jazz techniques and is now Director Emeritus of Jazz Studies.

Nimmons, and his ensembles, toured widely, including many engagements around the world. Nimmons is known to create works in both the jazz and classical vein. Nimmons was a founding member of the Canadian League of Composers and an associate of the Canadian Music Centre. He also founded jazz programs at several schools and universities, including the Banff School of Fine Arts (1970), the University of Toronto (1973), the University of Western Ontario (1978), the Courtney Youth Music Centre (1982), and the InterProvincial Music Camp, near Parry Sound, Ontario (1987).

Nimmons was awarded the first Juno in the Jazz category in 1976 for the recording of his Atlantic Suite (1974) by Nimmons ‘N’ Nine Plus Six. Nimmons has received many commissions including “Transformations” (premiered by Nimmons ‘N’ Nine Plus Six), which was commissioned jointly by the CBC and the Ontario Arts Council for World Music Week Conference (1975), hosted by the Canadian Music Council on behalf of the International Music Council (UNESCO). “Invocation” was commissioned jointly by COJO and the Ontario Arts Council and was premiered by Nimmons ‘N’ Nine Plus Six in the 1976 Olympic Games. “Plateaus: Cartiboo Country Tone Poem,” commissioned by the CBC Vancouver Orchestra and premiered in 1986, was subsequently recorded by that ensemble for CBC Classics. The Olympic Arts Festival of the 1986 Winter Games commissioned “The Torch,” and the work was premiered in Calgary by an Olympic Jazz Band, directed by Rob McConnell.

Neel, Boyd

Boyd Neel was born in London, 19 July 1905, and died in Toronto, 30 September 1981. In 1932 he formed his own orchestra, performing and recording baroque music, and works by contemporary English composers. From 1953 to 1971 he was Dean of the RCMT, and also founded and conducted the Hart House Orchestra at the University of Toronto.

Hanslick, Eduard

Hanslick was born in Prague and died in Baden in 1904. At the age of eighteen, Hanslick went to study music with Václav Tomášek, one of Prague's renowned musicians. He also studied law at Prague University and obtained a degree in that field. He wrote music reviews for small town newspapers, then the Wiener Musik-Zeitung and eventually the Neue Freie Presse, where he was music critic until retirement. In 1870 he gained a professorship in history and aesthetic of music at the University of Vienna where he later obtained a doctorate honoris causa.

Benois, Nicola

Nicola Benois was born in Lomonosov, Russia on May 2, 1901 and died in Codripo, Italy on March 31, 1988. He was the principal set and costume designer at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy, starting in 1935. He studied art and design with his father Alexandre Benois, and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Saint Petersburg, Russia. Prior to working at the Teatro alla Scala, he designed several Mariinsky opera and ballet productions; worked for Sergei Diaghilev and the Ballets Russes; and, designed for the Teatro dell'Opera di Roma.

Aldeburgh Connection

The Aldeburgh Connection was founded in 1982 by pianists Stephen Ralls and Bruce Ubukata. Former faculty members, pianists, and coaches at the Britten-Pears School in Aldeburgh, England, Ralls and Ubukata moved to Toronto in 1978 for positions at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto.

Starting in 1982, Ralls and Ubukata developed a Sunday afternoon vocal and piano concert series in Walter Hall that featured leading Canadian singers. The Aldeburgh Connection was officially formed as an organization and registered charity in 1986 under the name “The Aldeburgh Connection Concert Society.” Their founding patron was Sir Peter Pears, and Ralls and Ubukata were co-artistic directors.

Each concert in the Sunday afternoon series was based on a theme (musical, literary, or a historical character or period) and integrated music and narration, based on letters, diaries, newspapers, and poetry. In addition to this concert series, which ran from 1982 until 2013, the Aldeburgh Connection also produced a recital series (1993-2013), featuring complete song cycles without a narrative framework; and, the Young Artists Recitals series (1998-2011), renamed the Discovery Series in 2006. The Discovery Series consisted of two recitals per season and featured vocal and opera students from the University of Toronto. Following the success of three annual concerts in Bayfield, Ontario (2004-2006), the Aldeburgh Connection also established the Bayfield Festival of Song (2007-2012), which included masterclasses and concerts. Starting in 2009, they added a tour of Huron and Perth elementary schools to the festival. Ralls and Ubukata also performed with the Aldeburgh Connection at various venues in North America and in the United Kingdom, including two appearances at the Aldeburgh Festival in Suffolk, England (1988 and 1992).

The Aldeburgh Connection regularly commissioned new works by Canadian composers, including John Beckwith, Roger Bergs, John Greer, Derek Holman, Gary Kulesha, James Rolfe, Erik Ross, Harry Somers, and Timothy Sullivan. They also released seven CDs, including the 2008 Judo-nominated Schubert among Friends, with Gillian Keith (soprano), Colin Ainsworth and Michael Schade (tenors), and Gerald Finley (baritone). In 2013, Ralls and Ubukata were both named members of the Order of Canada.

Hart House String Quartet

The Hart House String Quartet was founded by violinist Geza de Kresz, violist Milton Blackstone (formerly Blackstein), cellist Boris Hambourg, and violinist Harry Adaskin. They gave their first performance in 1924 at Hart House Theatre, and its success of the concert led to the groups permanent establishment with funding by the Massey Foundation. The quartet continued to perform internationally until 1945. They performed 10 annual concerts at Hart House and 10 annual concerts at Convocation Hall, University of Toronto, as well as performing across Canada, the United States, and two tours of Britain and Europe.

Geza de Kresz left the quartet in 1935 and was replaced by James Levey; Harry Adaskin was replaced by Adolph Kodolfsky in 1938, and then Henry Milligan in 1942; and Milton Blackstone was replaced by Allard de Ridder in 1941 and Cyril Glyde in 1944. Boris Hambourg remained with the quartet throughout its existence.

Beckwith, John

John Beckwith (born March 9, 1927 in Victoria, British Columbia) is a composer, pianist, author, and teacher. He moved to Toronto in 1945 to study piano with Alberto Guerrero at the Royal Conservatory. He also studied composition in Paris with Nadia Boulanger (1950-1951) and has a Mus.B. (1947) and Mus.M. (1961) from the University of Toronto, where he studied with John Weinzweig, among others. He began lecturing part-time at the University of Toronto in 1952, taught full-time from 1955 to 1990, and was dean of the Faculty of Music from 1970 to 1977. He was also the director for the Institute for Canadian Music at the Faculty of Music and held the Jean A. Chalmers professorship in Canadian music.

His over 150 compositions include four operas, orchestral, chamber, solo and choral works, and he has published critical and scholarly articles in Canadian music studies. He was also a staff (1953-1955) and freelance (1955-1965) script-writer and programmer for Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) music series) and a critic and columnist for the Toronto Star (1959-1962, 1963-1965).

Beckwith holds five honorary doctorates from Canadian Universities, and received the Canadian Music Council’s annual medal (1972) and the Composer of the Year citation (1984), the Toronto Arts award for music (1995), and the Diplome d’honneur of the Canadian Conference of the Arts (1996). He was named a member of the Order of Canada in 1987.

Blachford, Frank

Franck Blachford was a violinist, teacher, conductor, and composer. He was born on December 28, 1879 in Toronto, Ontario and passed away on June 24, 1957 in Calgary, Alberta. He studied at the Toronto Conservatory of Music (TCM) with Bertha Drechsler Adamson and graduated with his ATCM in 1897, before continuing his studies at the Leipzig Conservatory with Hans Sitt and Carl Reinecke, graduating in 1901 with the Helbig prize. He then studied in Geneva, Switzerland with Henri Marteau and in Berlin, Germany. He returned to Canada in 1901 and taught at the TCM until his death. He was also concertmaster of the Conservatory Orchestra (1906-1908) and the Welsman Toronto Symphony Orchestra (1908-1918), and was a first violinist with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (1932-1946). He also performed as a solo violinist. As a chamber musician, he founded the Toronto String Wuartet in 1907; performed with the Schumann Trio (1902-1905), the Conservatory Trio (1926-1928); and, conducted the Conservatory String Orchestra (1914-1925) and the Victoria College Orchestra (1920-1930). In 1932, he formed the Blachford String Symphony, a group of 16 musicians from the Toronto Symphony Orchestra. Blachford's compositions include pedagogical works for violin, and transcriptions of baroque and romantic music for string quartet and orchestra. He also wrote a number of songs.

Riley, Doug

Doug (Douglas Brian) Riley was a composer, arranger, pianist, organist, and record producer, born in Toronto on April 12, 1945. Before his death on August 27, 2007 in Calgary, Alberta, Riley relocated to Little Pond, Prince Edward Island. He received a Bachelor of Music from the University of Toronto in 1967.

Riley produced and performed on many recordings with various solo artists and groups (including Ray Charles, Natalie McMaster, David Clayton Thomas, The Brecker Brothers, Molly Johnson, Bob Segar, Ringo Starr, Jake Langley, Gordon Lightfoot, Anne Murray, and Moe Koffman), both as Doug Riley and under his pseudonym Dr. Music. He also wrote numerous jingles, three ballets for the National Ballet of Canada, a concerto for flute, a string quartet for Moe Koffman, a piano concerto for Mario Bernardi's retirement from the National Arts Centre Orchestra, and much more. He was also the music director for various television, radio, and live productions, including JAZZ.FM91’s annual ‘Jazz Lives' (mid-2000s) and The Famous People Players. He continued to perform with his Doug Riley Quartet until his death. Throughout his life, he received many awards, including The Jazz Report ‘Jazz Organist of the Year’ Award (1993-2000), and, in 2003, he was named a member of the Order of Canada.

Johnson, Edward

Edward Johnson, tenor and administrator, was born in Guelph, ON, 22 Aug. 1878. He sang in Europe (as "Edoardo di Giovanni") from 1912-1919, and in North America from 1919-1935. From 1935-1950 he was general manager of the Metropolitan Opera, New York City. He died in Guelph in 1959.

Le Caine, Hugh

Hugh Le Caine, physicist and instrument builder, was born Port Arthur (Thunder Bay), 27 May 1914, and died in Ottawa 3 July 1977. He worked with the National Research Council in Ottawa from 1940 to 1974, concentrating on musical activities after 1954. He created over twenty electronic instruments, and produced at least fifteen electroacoustic compositions.

Hartmann, Arthur

Arthur Hartmann, American violinist, composer and writer was born 7 October 1881 and died 30 March 30 1956. From 1931-1933 he maintained a studio in Toronto.

Guerrero, Alberto

Alberto Guerrero was a pianist, teacher, and composer. He was born in La Serena, Chile on February 6, 1886, and came to Canada in 1918. He died in Toronto on November 7, 1959.

In the early 1900s, his family moved to Santiago, Chile where he established himself as a composer and solo pianist. Between 1908 and 1915, he wrote music for four or five operettas and zarzuelas; contributed to the newspaper E diario ilustrado; and published a treatise La armonia moderna (1915). This treatise and his operetta scores are now lost, but some of his early chamber works and piano solos survived and are held in the University of Toronto Music Library Archives.

In 1915, he went on tour with cellist Michael Penha, travelling through Bolivia, Peru, Panama, Costa Rica, and Cuba, before arriving in New York in January 1916. He remained there until the fall of 1917, when he returned to Chile, before moving to Toronto in 1918, where he replaced Mark Hambourg in the Hambourg Trio and taught at the Hambourg Conservatory. In 1922, he moved to the Toronto Conservatory of Music, where he taught until his death in 1959. He also taught at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto starting in the late 1940s. His students included William Aide, John Beckwith, Helmut Blume, Gwendolyn Duchemin, Ray Dudley, Dorothy Sandler Glick, Glenn Gould, his second wife Myrtle Rose Guerrero, Stuart Hamilton, Paul Helmer, Horace Lapp, Edward Laufer, Gordana Lazarevich, Pierrette LePage, Edward Magee, Ursula Malkin, Bruce Mather, John McIntyre, Gordon McLean, Oskar Morawetz, Arthur Ozolins, George Ross, R. Murray Schafer, Oleg Telizyn, Malcolm Troup, Neil Van Allen, and Ruth Watson Henderson.

Kasemets, Udo

Udo Kasemets, composer, pianist and writer, was born in Tallinn, Estonia, November 16, 1919, and emigrated to Canada in 1951, becoming a leader in the experimental avant-garde in music in Toronto. He passed away on January 19, 2014 in Toronto, Ontario.

Kasemets trained at the Tallinn Conservatory and the Stuttgart Academy of Music, as well as the Kranichstein Institute for New Music in Darmstadt, where he encountered Ernst Krenek, Edgard Varèse and Hermann Scherchen. In 1962-1963, Kasemets organized the first new music series in Toronto, "Men, Minds and Music," followed by the establishment of the Isaacs Gallery Mixed Media Concerts in 1965. In 1968, he directed the first Toronto Festival of Arts and Technology entitled "SightSoundSystems." In 1971, he joined the Faculty of the Department of Experimental Art at the Ontario College of Art, where he taught until his retirement in 1987.

Gattoni, Giuliana

Giuliana Gattoni was born on February 27, 1947 in Lissone, Italy. She trained as an architect in Italy before emigrating to Canada with her husband, where she helped him run his practice and was an active freelance writer in Toronto (ca. 1985-1993). Among others, she wrote (in Italian) for the Balletto Oggi magazine (published as Ballet 2000 in English), and for Corriere Canadese, the Italian-language daily newspaper in Toronto. In addition to reviewing performances in Toronto, she traveled regularly to festivals in Italy, including opera in Versilia, Spoleto's Festival dei due Mondi, and the ballet festival in Nervi. In the early 1990s, she went back to school at the University of Toronto, where she received her Master of Arts in art history. She passed away in 1996 whilst working on her PhD in art history.

Welsman, Frank Squire

Frank Squire Welsman, conductor, pianist and teacher, was born in Toronto, December 20, 1873, and died in Muskoka, Ontario, July 2, 1952. After studies in Germany, he founded the Toronto Conservatory Symphony Orchestra, which in 1908 became the Toronto Symphony Orchestra.

Bell, Leslie R.

Leslie (Richard) Bell was a choir conductor, educator, writer, arranger, and composer, who was born in Toronto on May 5, 1906 and died there January 19, 1962. He received a Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Toronto (1930); Master of Arts (MA) from the University of Toronto (1931); and a Doctorate of Music (D MUS) from the University of Montreal (1946). While studying with Frederick Horwood and Louis Waizman at the Toronto Conservatory of Music (TCM, now the Royal Conservatory of Music) (1917-1925), he played clarinet and saxophone in the orchestras of Luigi Romanelli and Joe DeCourcy and later led his own dance band. He taught English, history, and music at Parkdale Collegiate Institute (1935-1939), where his pupils included Howard Cable, later an associate at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), and founded a girls choir there, the Alumnae Singers, later the Leslie Bell Singers. He was president of the music section of the Ontario Education Association (OMEA) from 1938 until 1941; chairman of the music department at the Ontario College of Education (1939-1948) and also taught summers at Queen's University (1946-1952) and at the University of Toronto (1946-1952).

Later in the 1950s, Bell divided his time between conducting (he also formed the short-lived Leslie Bell Gleemen in 1957), writing, and broadcasting. His broad musical interests were reflected in his work as music columnist for the Toronto Daily Star (1946-1962); associate editor in charge of music education for the Canadian Music Journal (1958-1962); contributor to many other publications; and radio commentator for CBC and CFRB in Toronto. In 1959, he was the co-founder and first executive director of the Canadian Music Educators' Association (CMEA) and editor of its journal, the Canadian Music Educator (1959-1962). In the Canadian Music Journal (Spring 1962), Geoffrey Payzant wrote: "It was his driving ambition to close the gap between the art of music and the minds of the many. He took the view that there is popular music good and bad and art music good and bad, and that the best of each had more in common than is generally thought to be the case."

Bell wrote Variations on a French Noël for string quartet; several choral works for female and mixed groups published by Canadian Music Sales and Mills; and many folk song arrangements published by Canadian Music Sales, G.V. Thompson, Shawnee Press, and Summy. After Bell's death, the CBC and the CMEA sponsored the Leslie Bell Memorial Choir Competition in 1963-1964 and 1965 (won by the Tudor Singers of Montreal, Quebec and the Acadia Chapel Choir of Wolfville, Nova Scotia, respectively). The Leslie Bell Prize was established in 1973 to assist a choir conductor in post-graduate training. Administered by the Ontario Choral Federation, it has been awarded to Edward F. Moroney (1973), Robert Cooper (1974), David Christiani (1975), Carole Boyle (1976), Jean Ashworth-Gam (1977), Gerald Neufeld (1978), Brainerd Blyden-Taylor (1981), Richard Dacey (1983), Daniel Hansen (1984), David Fallis (1985), Karen Price-Wallace (1986), Laurence Ewashko (1988), and Andrew Slonetsky (1990).

G. Ricordi & Co. Ltd.

  • Ricordi
  • Corporate body
  • 1954-1999

G. Ricordi & Co. (Canada) Ltd. was the Canadian branch of the Italian firm (Casa Ricordi, established in Milan in 1808). In the early 1950s, Gordon Wry was Ricordi's agent, before Bruno Apollonio (a former music publisher in Trieste) took over this position in 1953. In 1954, he established G. Ricordi & Co. (Canada) Ltd. in Toronto. He served as the managing director of the company until his death in 1983. His wife, Wally Apollonio, was in charge of promotion for the publishers. As well as distributing and promoting works by the parent firm, Ricordi (Canada) also published orchestral works by Canadian composers, including Murray Adaskin, Robert Aitken, Harry Freedman, Steven Gellman, Otto Joachim, Pierre Mercure, Oskar Morawetz, Francois Morel, André Prévost, and Harry Somers.

In 1963, Leeds Music (Canada) took over sales of Ricordi's printed music, including Canadian publications, followed by Boosey & Hawkes in 1980.

Barrow, Reginald Herbert

  • OTUFM Local
  • Person
  • 1907-1973

Reginald (Herbert) Barrow was born in London on April 12, 1907 and died in Toronto on December 10, 1973. He studied French horn in Toronto with his father Herbert Barrow and in England with Aubrey Brain. He joined the Toronto Symphony Orchestra in 1927, where he continued until 1958 and taught at the Royal Conservatory of Music Toronto (1944-1972). He was also a founding member of the Toronto Chamber Music Society (1932) and the Canadian Brass Sextet (1949).

Lambert, George James

  • OTUFM Local
  • Person
  • 1900-1971

George (James) Lambert, baritone and teacher, was born in Long Preston, Yorkshire, England, on December 17, 1900, and died in Toronto on the September 13, 1971. In 1932, Lambert joined the teaching staff of the Toronto Conservatory of Music (TCM); he taught there until his death.

Rittich, Eugene

  • OTUFM Local
  • Person
  • 1928-2006

Eugene (Danny) Rittich was a French horn player and teacher, born in Calgary on August 15, 1928. He studied with Douglas Kent in Victoria, British Columbia, and then at the Curtis Institute with Mason Jones (1945-1951), where he received an Artist Diploma. He also studied privately with Philip Farkas (1967), Frantisek Solc (1971), ad Arnold Jacobs (1973).

In 1952, he became the principal horn player for the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and he was the co-principal horn player from 1973 until his retirement in 1989. He was also principal horn for the CBC Symphony Orchestra (1952-1964) and the York Concert Society (1953-1965), and was a founding member of the Toronto Winds and the Toronto Woodwind Quintet. Rittich taught French horn at the University of Toronto (1956-1991) and at the Royal Conservatory of Music (1961-1991). He was the brass coach for the National Youth Orchestra of Canada (1960-1984), and was a coach (from 1973) and guest conductor (1979-1989) for the Toronto Symphony Youth Orchestra. His students include Jean Gaudreault of the Montreal Symphony Orchestra; Ronald George, Orchestra London Canada; Miles Hearn, Hamilton Philharmonic; Harcus Hennigar, Toronto Symphony; Carol Lavell, Kitchener-Waterloo Symphony Orchestra; James and John MacDonald; Fergus McWilliam, Berlin Philharmonic; Janet Parker, Victoria Symphony Orchestra; and James Sommerville. He commissioned Divertimento No. 7 by John Weinzweig and Sonata for Horn and Piano by Oskar Morawetz, and premiered both works on CBC radio in 1980.

Rittich passed away on June 18, 2006 in Toronto, Ontario.

Speranza Musical Club

  • Local OTUFM
  • Corporate body
  • 1899-[1962?]

The Speranza Musical Club for women musicians was founded in Toronto, Ontario in 1899 as the Practice Club by Mary Parsons (nee Hagarty), and formally established as the Speranza Musical Club in 1906. Hope Morgan, who opened a school of singing in Toronto in 1906, was the honorary president of the Club, and a formal constitution was written in 1907. By 1912, the Club had 58 members, and they set a membership limit at 60. The group, including pianists, vocalists, violinists, met regularly in members' homes, where they wrote and read papers on music and musicians, and held dress rehearsals for young artists prior to their first public appearances. During the First and Second World Wars, they held concerts to raise funds for the war effort, and volunteered and provided entertainment for patients at local Toronto hospital hospitals.

Scholey, Olive

  • Local OTUFM
  • Person
  • active 1905-1911

Olive Scholey, contralto, was a pupil of F. H. Torrington at the Toronto College of Music, and of Clara de Rigaud in New York.

Arlidge, Joseph Churchill

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1849-1913

J. (Joseph) Churchill Arlidge, flutist, organist, teacher, and composer, was born in Stratford-on-Avon, England on March 17, 1849, and died in Toronto, Ontario on January 22, 1913. Arlidge studied flute with Benjamin Wells and Robert Sydney Pratten, and made his debut in 1859 at the Crystal Palace in a concert given by Sir Julius Benedict for Queen Victoria. He continued to perform in London and studied with George Rudall (flute) and James Coward (piano and organ), before enrolling in the Brussels Conservatory, where he studied with Jacques-Nicholas Lemmens (piano and organ) and Oluf Svendsen (flute). In 1873 or 1874, he appeared as a solo flutist in Gilmore's 22nd New York Regiment Band. In late 1874 he moved to Toronto, where he married Olivia Mary Arlidge.

In Toronto, he performed as a solo flutist with F.H. Torrington, was the first organist and choirmaster at Toronto's Carlton Street Methodist Church, and taught. In late 1875, he returned to England for a teaching position, but returned in 1885 to participate in the First Toronto Musical Festival, from which point he settled permanently with his family in the Toronto area. He served as organist and choirmaster at the Carlton Street Methodist Church, as well as Christ Church Deer Park, Bonar Presbyterian, and St. John the Evangelist. He also continued to appear as a flutist with the Toronto Philharmonic Society, and as accompaniment for singers, including Emma Calve, Marcella Sembrich, Lilli Lehmann and Emma Albani. In the late 1880s, he established the Toronto Flute Quartet with his students Lubraico, J.B. Glionna and Herbert Lye.

Arlidge also taught music at the Toronto College of Music and the Toronto Conservatory of Music, and in 1902, established his own school the Toronto Academy of Music, following controversy with Torrington and Edward Fisher regarding the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music (1899). Arlidge was also a composer, although most of his compositions are unpublished.

In the Toronto community, Arlidge was also involved with the YMCA, the Independent Order of Foresters (IOF), and was a member of the Masonic Lodge, Saint George's Society. He was also a member of the newly-formed Canadian Guild of Organists.

Bell, L. Richard

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1946-2007

Richard Bell was the son of the Canadian composer and musician, Dr. Leslie Bell, and Leona Bell (born March 5, 1946). He started playing the piano at the age of four and studied music at Canada's Royal Conservatory of Music. Bell's career first gained significance when he joined Ronnie Hawkins as a member of the group "And Many Others," following the departure of Hawkins' previous band (who would gain fame as The Band). Hawkins fired the entire band in early 1970, and they renamed themselves Crowbar, subsequently recording Official Music (as King Biscuit Boy with Crowbar) (1970, Daffodil; 1996, Stony Plain). Bell left Crowbar shortly after this to join Janis Joplin's Full Tilt Boogie Band, making good on an offer made the previous year by her manager.

In the late 1960s, while touring with Hawkins at the Fillmore East, Bell was approached by Janis Joplin's manager Albert Grossman and invited to join her new ensemble. His playing can be heard on her posthumously‐released album Pearl and many bootleg recordings from her 1970 tour, including performances from the Festival Express "train tour" of Canada. Bell was interviewed many years later for the 2003 documentary film of the same name.

Following Joplin's death, Bell moved to Woodstock, New York, where he worked as a session musician. Among those he worked with during this time were Paul Butterfield and John Sebastian. Other acts Bell has worked with include Blackie and the Rodeo Kings, Bruce Cockburn, Judy Collins, Cowboy Junkies, Bob Dylan, Michael Kaeshammer, Bonnie Raitt and Joe Walsh.

Bell moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 1979 and played with various bands, including Pyro, with Jim Weider and Rick Pierce. He did session work also. He married Mary Deacon in 1979. He played with The Convertibles, with bandmates, among others, Scott Boyer and Tommy Talton (Cowboy), Topper Price, Brian Wheeler (Locust Fork) and Rick Kurtz (Delbert McClinton), before returning to Canada and The Band.

In 1991, Bell joined the reconstituted line­‐up of The Band as a keyboardist, replacing Stan Szelest (himself a replacement for original pianist Richard Manuel, who committed suicide in 1986). Bell remained with through their final three albums (Jericho, High on the Hog, and Jubilation), for which Bell also received some songwriting credits. The death of Rick Danko in 1999 essentially ended the association known as The Band.

In the years before his death, Bell performed as keyboard player with Canadian roots-­rock performers such as Colin Linden, Blackie and the Rodeo Kings and Kathleen Edwards. At the time of his death, the Toronto‐based musician performed regularly as a keyboardist/songwriter/occasional vocalist with the Porkbelly Futures and Danny Brooks & the Rockin' Revelators. (He produced two of Brooks' albums.) Bell was also a member of the country­‐rock group, Burrito Deluxe, performing and contributing songs to their CD Disciples Of The Truth. Bell died after a long battle with multiple melanoma on June 15, 2007 in Toronto's Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, at the age of 61.

Smith, Roy Lamont

  • Local
  • Person
  • 1865-1946

Roy Lamont Smith was born on March 4, 1865 in Fremont, Nebraska and died on February 6, 1946 in San Diego, California. He was a pianist and studied at the Hershey School of Musical Art in Chicago (1883). He taught music in Fremont (1891) and was a professor of music at the Cadek Conservatory of Music in Chattanooga (1904-1942). He wrote various songs for voice and piano accompaniment, including one of the Tennessee state songs "My Homeland, Tennessee" (1925).

Frost, Henry

  • Person
  • 1816-1851

Henry Frost was active in the musical community of York County, Upper Canada, between the years of 1835 and 1850. Henry Frost taught at a common school where he included music in the curriculum. It is believed that he was also responsible for musical activities in the local Anglican Church, (though the documentary history of the church was lost in a fire). Furthermore, according to established education patterns in upper Canada, he probably also served as a teacher in a singing school for adults.

University of Toronto Music Library

  • Corporate body
  • 1921-

In 1918 Toronto College of Music, founded in 1888, amalgamated with the Canadian Academy of Music, and in 1924 the academy was absorbed by the Toronto Conservatory of Music. The Toronto Conservatory of Music then gained the assets of both its rivals, including over one hundred vocal and orchestral scores. The University had taken over the ownership and operation of the conservatory by 1921, and therefore this collection became the foundation of the University of Toronto's music library.

Hugh Hornby Langton's, (University of Toronto's Chief Librarian, 1892-1922), donated a over a dozen scores from his own collection including orchestral works by Beethoven, Schubert, and Mendelssohn in piano duet arrangements from his courting days, which constitutes the University of Toronto's first efforts in collection building for the Music Library. More significantly, he had just returned from a European buying trip for the library, and its results included the addition of a dozen books on music, plus recent scores such as Stravinsky's Chant du rossignol and Sacre du printemps, and of several early tone poems by Richard Strauss.

Currently the library holds over 300,000 books, scores, periodicals and microforms.

The Sniderman Recordings Collection, 180,000 sound recordings, from cylinders to blu-ray.

The Olnick Rare Book Room, 2,500 volumes exemplifying the history of music and of music editing, performance and printing -- from liturgical manuscripts and early printed treatises, to first editions of Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven and Gershwin, and early Canadian sheet music and tune books. A significant number of 18th- and 19th-century opera full scores, with particular strength in the French repertoire, complements the large libretto holdings of the Central Library.

Coatsworth, Vida

  • Person
  • 1888-1964

Vida Coatsworth, pianist and teacher was born on 11 July 1888 in Toronto and died there 23 June 1964. She performed publicly from 1915, and taught at the Toronto Conservatory of Music from 1918.

Toronto Clef Club

  • Corporate body
  • 1894-1916

The Toronto Clef Club was established in 1894 to promote the status of, and friendships among, professional musicians. The last meeting for which minutes exist was in December 1916.

Law, Eileen

  • Person
  • 1900-1978

Eileen Law, contralto and teacher, was born in Belfast, Ireland on October 16, 1900, and died in Toronto on November 30, 1978. From 1922 until 1926, she studied with Jenny Taggart (voice) and Ernest MacMillan (piano) at the Canadian Academy of Music, earning her LCAM and ACAM. From 1926 to 1936, she studied privately with Hope Morgan. Primarily an oratorio singer, she performed as a soloist at the Timothy Eaton Memorial Church (1923-1936) and at the First Church of Christ Scientist (1936-1945), and appeared with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, the Promenade Symphony Concerts, the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir, the Apollo Musical Club Choir of Chicago, the Ottawa Choral Union, and symphony orchestras in Cleveland, Detroit, and Minneapolis. She appeared in performances of Bach's St. Matthew's Passion in Toronto for over 25 years.

Law taught for the Royal Conservatory of Music of Toronto from 1938 until 1977, and at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto from 1952 to 1961.