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Victoria University Library - Special Collections

Heath, Jeffrey M.

Jeffrey Heath was born in 1943 in London, Ontario, where he completed his elementary and secondary school education. He began his association with Victoria College in 1961, completing a B.A. in English Language and Literature in 1965. He was elected President of the Vic Class of 6T5. After travelling in Europe during 1965-66 he returned to the University of Toronto to begin work on his M.A., completing it in 1967. He started his doctoral studies for U of T while a Resident Junior Fellow of Massey College. He lived there from 1967 to 1968. After spending a year in England doing research on Evelyn Waugh, he returned to teach at Victoria College, where he was a Lecturer from 1969 to 1975. He completed his dissertation, “Evelyn Waugh and the Comic Macabre” in 1971. He received tenure and became an Assistant Professor in 1975. In 1978 he became an Associate Professor. He was a member of the Victoria University Board of Regents from 1984 until 1990, participating actively in Victoria and Department of English committee work. In 1998 he retired to pursue his own research interests, co-editing, for some time, the University of Toronto’s Modern Drama.

In 1982 the McGill-Queen’s University Press and Weidenfeld and Nicolson published Heath’s The Picturesque Prison: Evelyn Waugh and His Writing. It was a study that had little connection with his dissertation but much to do with the research and interviews that he carried out in England later in the 1970s. During the 1980s Heath’s interests turned to Canadian Literature. He edited Profiles in Canadian Literature, Series 1–8 (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1980, 1982, 1986, 1991), a collection of 124 articles on notable Canadian literary figures. After travelling through northern India in 1985, Heath began to focus his research on the life and work of E.M. Forster. He made a series of trips (1993 to 2004) to examine the Forster papers at the Archive Centre of King’s College, Cambridge and the BBC Written Archives Centre at Caversham Park, Reading. His research has been issued in scholarly articles and in The Creator as Critic and Other Writings by E.M. Forster (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 25 February 2008).

Heath’s academic interests continue to focus on Forster and on twentieth-century British and American literature.

Jeffrey Heath lives and works in Toronto.

Schmid, Catherine

Catherine Rank Schmid is a Canadian artist based in France. She was born in 1942 in Toronto, Ontario, to Margery Butler and Harold Rank. In 1968 she married Stephen Yeomans. They divorced in 1988. Their son Edward (Ted) Yeomans resides in Peterborough, Ontario. In 1995 she married Gérard Schmid in Switzerland. He passed away in 2003 in France.

Schmid studied Modern Languages at Victoria College, University of Toronto from 1961 to 1965 and received an Honours BA in French and German. During this period, she took part-time courses at the Ontario College of Art, studying painting with Aba Bayefsky. After graduation she taught in Bad Godesberg (Bonn) Germany in Amos Comenius Gymnasium, a Pestalozzi school, travelling extensively as well. Returning to Toronto, she completed her diploma at the Ontario College of Education and taught French, German and Art for many years in Secondary Schools in Toronto and Peterborough Ontario. While in Peterborough she was a founding member of the Art Gallery of Peterborough.

During a Sabbatical leave in 1984, Schmid spent several months in France and Germany drawing and painting. In 1987 she exhibited her work at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and gave a lecture in the Department of Philosophy of Education on the theme of the creative experience and its relationship to the development of learning. She also exhibited at The Art Gallery of Peterborough and in 1988 at the Here and Now Gallery in Toronto. In 1990 she moved to Saint Gallen, Switzerland, teaching Art at the Institut auf dem Rosenberg, an international private school. Her experiences travelling and living in different surroundings have been a compelling influence on her philosophy and in her artistry.

Schmid has also exhibited internationally. In 1989, she painted in Indonesia and The Cross Cultural Institute in Jakarta exhibited her drawings and paintings “Indonesia: the first impression of a Canadian artist”, sponsored by the Canadian Embassy. In 1990, The Museum of Contemporary Art Nyoman Gunarsa in Yogyakarta invited her to be Artist in Residence, where she had an exhibition “Explorations in Indonesia”. Her work is held in the collections of Victoria University at the University of Toronto, the Art Gallery of Peterborough, the Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation in Toronto, Crédit Suisse in Saint Gallen, Switzerland, the Agung Rai Gallery in Bali, Indonesia, the Art Gallery of Ontario in the art rental collection, and in many private collections.

Since 1994, she has resided in Provence in the south of France, where she has her studio and has given private instruction to students from many countries.

Schmid’s works reflect the elements of chance, surprise, capturing a world full of possibilities, originating in her broad travel experience and exposure to many cultures. Always “looking”, suddenly she “sees”. She is especially interested in the contrast of light and darkness and in architectural forms. The inner space of the mind: a thought, a word, a feeling, are all part of her creative approach.

Bader family

Alfred Bader was born in Vienna, Austria in 1924. After Kristallnacht he was included in the first Kindertransport from Vienna to Britain in December 1938. In 1940 he was interned in a British detention centre until being transferred to another centre on Quebec’s Ile aux Noix later that year; while there he studied for McGill University’s matriculation exams, passing them in 1941. After World War II he studied chemistry and engineering at Queen’s University, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in 1945. Emigrating to the United States, he pursued graduate studies at Harvard, earning an M.Sc. in organic chemistry in 1948 and then a Ph.D. in 1949. During a sea voyage to Liverpool that year he met Isabel Overton.

After his studies Bader began work as a research chemist with PPG Co. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from 1950–1954, and then became chief chemist for Aldrich Chemicals Company (1954–55), and subsequently its president (1955–81) and chairman (1981–91). He served as president of Sigma-Aldritch Corporation (1975–80) and its chairman (1980–91), then as chairman emeritus (1991–92). Alfred Bader became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1964. He has received honourary degrees from several universities in the United States, Canada and England. He passed away in 2018.

Isabel Louise Overton was born in northern Ontario and graduated from Victoria University in 1949 (DLittS Vic ’95). After touring England in the summer of 1949 she accepted a teaching post at St. Francis School, Bexhill-on-Sea in Sussex, where she taught drama, French and Spanish and established a costume museum. She remained there until her marriage to Alfred Bader in 1982. In 2000 the Isabel Bader Theatre was completed at Victoria University.

Taylor, Kenneth Douglas

Kenneth Douglas Taylor was a Canadian diplomat and businessman. Born in Calgary, Alberta, in 1934 to Richard and Nancy Taylor, he was educated at Crescent Heights High School. He received his B.A. at Victoria College in 1957, and his M.B.A. at the University of California, Berkeley in 1959. He married Patricia Taylor, née Lee, whom he met while studying for his Masters at Berkeley. They have one son, Douglas Taylor.

Upon graduation in 1959, Taylor joined the Canadian Trade Commissioner Service, and was appointed General Director in 1974. During his time with the foreign service he was posted to Guatemala from 1960-63; Detroit, Michigan from 1963-66; Karachi, Pakistan from 1966-67; London, England from 1967-71; and finally to Tehran, Iran from 1977-80. In 1980, he became the Canadian consul-general in New York. In 1984, he retired from the diplomatic service and settled with his family in Manhattan to pursue a career in business.

Taylor was Senior Vice-President of corporate government relations at Nabisco Brands and RJR Nabisco, Inc., until a takeover changed the composition of the management team in 1989. He continued as a director of several firms and served on the boards of various agencies including the Business Council for International Understanding, the School of International Affairs at Columbia University, Vancouver-based company First City, Alberta Northeast Gas, and the Matthews Group in Toronto. He was Chancellor of Victoria University from 1998-2004.

Taylor is best known for his role in the Iran hostage takeover of 1979, when he was the Canadian ambassador to Iran. In November of 1979, following a year of civil unrest, Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran, taking more than 60 hostages. Four US consulate employees and two of their wives escaped capture and found sanctuary at the Canadian Embassy. With assistance from the CIA, Taylor and another Canadian diplomatic official, John Sheardown, hid the six Americans in their residences and obtained special permission to create Canadian passports and documents under false names to help them escape. The operation was known as the “Canadian Caper” and several books and films were made highlighting Taylor’s work, including the television film Escape from Iran: The Canadian Caper (1981), and the book Our Man in Tehran (2010) by Robert Wright. It also provided the inspiration for the Academy Award-winning film Argo (2012), directed by and starring Ben Affleck, in which Taylor is portrayed by Canadian actor Victor Garber.

For his involvement in the Iran hostage crisis, Taylor received numerous awards and honours, including the United States Congressional Gold Medal, the Military Order of the Mike Award, the Americas Society Gold Medal, the Harry S. Truman Good Neighbor Award and the Gold Medal of the Canadian Club. He also received honourary degrees from various universities and keys to several cities throughout the United States and Canada. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1980.

Ken Taylor died in New York City in 2015.

Gray, Margaret

  • Person
  • 1922-2017

Margaret Miller Gray (née Blair) was a Scottish-born Canadian writer. Born in Glasgow in 1922, she immigrated with her family to Canada in 1925, where they settled in Toronto. After graduating from St. Clement’s School in 1939, she worked for a stockbroker before enlisting and serving in the Royal Canadian Navy, where she met her future husband, Don Gray. In 1945 she left the Navy and married Don Gray. They had two children, Ann and Ian.

While her husband’s job moved the family back and forth between Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal, Gray remained at home to care for their children, although she was active in community activities, taking art classes and performing in local theatre. In 1967, Gray began her Art History Degree at Sir George Williams University (now Concordia University) in Montreal, however her studies were briefly interrupted when the family was transferred to Toronto. She continued her studies at the University of Toronto and completed her B.F.A. in 1974.

Gray is the author of three books: A.J. Casson (1976); Charles Comfort (1976); and Carl Schaefer (1977), all published by Gage Publishing. Co-written with her friend Margaret Rand and photographed by Lois Steen, the books were part of the Canadian Artists series, a project dedicated to highlighting younger contemporaries of the better-known Group of Seven. Gray arranged and conducted interviews and wrote the artist biographies, while Rand carried out background research on the technical aspects of their work. A fourth book on Yvonne McKague Housser was also planned and written, however due to production issues, underwhelming sales, and a change in the editorial staff at Gage Publishing, it was never published and all subsequent books in the series were cancelled. Gray continued to edit books in the 1980s and 1990s. She was a docent for several years at the Royal Ontario Museum and she also wrote numerous unpublished stories for her grandchildren.

After her husband's death, Gray moved west in 2011 to be close to her family in Calgary. She passed away in 2017.

Saddlemyer, Eleanor Ann

  • Person
  • 1932-

Eleanor Ann Saddlemyer is an internationally known author, academic and expert in the field of Anglo-Irish literature and Canadian theatre history. Born in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, to Elsie Sarah, née Ellis, and Orrin Angus Saddlemyer in November 1932, she attended high school in Humboldt, Saskatchewan. She received her B.A. from the University of Saskatchewan in 1953, her M.A. from Queen’s University in 1956, and her Ph.D. from the University of London in 1961. She was awarded a D.Litt. from the University of Saskatchewan in 1991.

Saddlemyer taught at the University of Victoria in British Columbia from 1956-1957 and 1960-1971, when she accepted appointments as Professor of Drama and Professor of English in Victoria College at the University of Toronto. She was Director of the Graduate Centre for Study of Drama at the University of Toronto from 1971-1977, and visiting Berg Professor at New York University in 1975. In 1988, she was appointed Master of Massey College, a position she held until her retirement in 1996.

Saddlemyer has lectured extensively in Canada and elsewhere, and has served as founding President of the Association for Canadian Theatre History and chair of the International Association for Anglo-Irish Literature, as co-general editor of the Cornell Yeats series of manuscripts, founding co-editor of the Canadian Journal of Theatre Research, and is on the Editorial Boards of numerous other journals. She is currently Director of Colin Smythe Limited, Publishers and is a Corresponding Scholar of the Academy of the Shaw Festival.

She was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1976 and the Royal Society of Arts in 1987. In 1995, she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. She has received several awards for her scholarship including the M.L. Rosenthal Award from the Yeats Society of New York, the Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Medal and the Queen Elizabeth Diamond Jubilee Medal, and holds five honorary doctorates from universities across Canada. In 2013, she was given a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Canadian Association for Theatre Research.

Ann Saddlemyer is the author of many works including Becoming George: The Life of Mrs. W.B. Yeats (2002), W.B. Yeats and George Yeats: The Letters (2011), The Letters of John Millington Synge (1968), which was given an award by the British Academy, Conversations with Our Past: Stories of North Saanich (2006), Later Stages: Essays on Ontario Theatre from World War I to the 1970s (1997), Early Stages: Theatre in Ontario 1800 to 1914 (1990), Lady Gregory Fifty Years After (1987), Theatre Business, the letters of the first Abbey Theatre Directors (W.B. Yeats, Lady Gregory and J.M. Synge) (1982), A Selection of Letters from John M. Synge to W.B. Yeats and Lady Gregory (1971), In Defence of Lady Gregory, Playwright (1966) and The World of W.B. Yeats: Essays in Perspective (1965), as well as numerous articles and chapters in books.

Ann Saddlemyer was a close friend of famed Irish poet, Seamus Heaney. Upon learning that he and his family were considering leaving Belfast so he could become a full-time writer, she offered him the rental of Glanmore Cottage in County Wicklow, which she had purchased in 1971 while lecturing in Dublin. His family moved there in the summer of 1972. Their time at the cottage greatly influenced his work, and in 1977 he dedicated the “Glanmore Sonnets” to Saddlemyer. In 1988, Saddlemyer sold Glanmore Cottage to the Heaneys. They remained friends until his death in 2013.

Millgate, Jane

Jane Millgate is Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto. She was educated at the universities of Leeds and Kent at Canterbury and taught at Victoria College in the English Department at the University of Toronto from 1964–1997. From 1982–87 she was Vice-Dean of Arts and Science. She is the author of Macaulay (1973), Walter Scott: The Making of the Novelist (1984), and Scott’s Last Edition: A Study in Publishing History (1987). This last work, an examination of the creation of Scott’s magnum opus edition, was awarded the British Academy’s Crawshay Prize in 1988. In addition she has edited a volume of essays, Editing Nineteenth-Century Fiction (1978), and is the author of numerous articles on American, English, and Scottish literature as well as on the History of the Book. Professor Millgate was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1986 and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1994. She has served on numerous editorial boards, including Dalhousie Review, Victorian Review, the Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada, English Studies in Canada, and the Collected Works of Northrop Frye, and is a member of the advisory board for the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels and one of the founders of the Toronto Centre for the Book. Her Union Catalogue of the Correspondence of Sir Walter Scott, comprising over 14000 records for letters from and to Scott, is published by the National Library of Scotland.

Housser, Yvonne McKague

Yvonne McKague Housser was an artist associated with the Group of Seven. She was born in Toronto, Ontario, the daughter of Hugh Henry McKague and Louise Elliott. She married Frederick Housser, the author of A Canadian Art Movement: The Story of the Group of Seven (1926), in 1935. She died in Toronto.

Housser studied at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto (1915–1920), stayed on to teach for a year, and then studied in Paris at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, the Académie Colarossi and the Académie Ransom (1921–22). On her return to Canada, she resumed teaching at the Ontario College of Art under Arthur Lismer and first exhibited her work with the Royal Canadian Academy in 1923 and the Ontario Society of Artists in 1924, later becoming a member of both these organizations. After another year in Europe, Housser rejoined the staff of the Ontario College of Art in 1925. She was associated, along with Lismer, with the dissident Art Students’ League formed in 1926, but stayed on at the College. She exhibited in 3 Group of Seven Shows (1928–31). In 1930, she studied child art with Franz Cizek in Vienna. She made sketching trips to Northern Ontario in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. In 1939, she went to Taos, New Mexico, with Isabel McLaughlin to study dynamic symmetry under Emil Bisttram. She retired from the Ontario College of Art in 1949 but went on to teach at the Doon School of Fine Arts in Kitchener and at the Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in Toronto (since 2001 Ryerson University). She studied under abstract expressionist Hans Hofmann in Cape Cod, Massachusetts during two summers in the 1950s and made several trips to Mexico and the West Indies during the 1950s and 1960s.

Housser was a founding member of both the Canadian Group of Painters (1933) and the Federation of Canadian Artists. She was also a member of the Toronto Theosophical Society, the Ontario Society of Artists (1927), the Royal Canadian Academy (A.R.C.A. 1942–R.C.A. 1951), and the Heliconian Club. In 1965, Housser was awarded the Baxter Purchase Award at the Ontario Society of Artists’ 47th annual exhibition for Spring Stirs the Earth. She received the Order of Canada in 1984.

A colleague of the Group of Seven, Housser’s work explored aspects of Canada’s landscape and its beauty. Her work developed and evolved towards semi-abstract and abstract expressionism. Her paintings are in the permanent collections of the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ontario, the McMichael Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario, the University of Toronto and Victoria University, Ontario, the Public Library and Art Museum in London, Ontario, and in many private collections.

The Woolf/Bloomsbury Group/Hogarth Press Ephemera Collection

  • Corporate body

The Ephemera Collection is a sub collection of Victoria University Library's Virginia Woolf Collection which contains books by and about Leonard and Virginia Woolf, members of The Bloomsbury Group and The Hogarth Press (see the Related Special Collections links below). The Ephemera collection is comprised of items accumulated with the acquisition of materials for the Virginia Woolf collection, as well as some gifts in the form of newspaper and magazine clippings and duplicates of Bloomsbury Workshop material already in the catalogue.

Wesleyana

  • Corporate body

Victoria University Library owns one of the finest, most complete early edition collections in North America of the works by John and Charles Wesley.

The majority of the collection came from the library of the Rev. Richard Green (1829-1907); the collection has been supplemented by critical and biographical works on the Wesley family.

All works in the Wesleyana Collection have been catalogued in the University of Toronto Library catalogue, and are identified by library location, Victoria (Emmanuel) Wesleyana collection.

Woolf, Virginia

The writer Virginia Woolf was born to Leslie Stephen and Julia Princip in 1882. Her father’s conventional views on education precluded her from attending university; however she began to review books for the Times Literary Supplement, and in 1905, along with friends and relatives, including Vanessa Bell, Clive Bell, Leonard Woolf, and John Maynard Keynes, formed what became known as the Bloomsbury Group. She married Leonard Woolf in 1912, and five years later they founded the Hogarth Press. Woolf’s first novel, The Voyage Out, was published in 1915, and was followed by a number of critically acclaimed others; she also gained renown as a journalist and literary critic, and as a writer of non-fiction works such as A Room of One’s Own (1929). A victim of recurring depression, Woolf’s mental condition was exacerbated by the Second World War. She committed suicide by drowning in March 1941.

Pratt, Viola Whitney

Viola Leone Whitney Pratt was a writer and editor of the magazine World Friends. She was born in Atherley, Ontario, the daughter of a farmer and a teacher. She married Edwin John Dove Pratt on August 20, 1918, and they had a daughter, Mildred Claire, born in 1921. She died in Toronto, Ontario on September 6, 1984.

Pratt completed Grade 8 at the age of 11, and began attending Orillia Collegiate (1903-1908), where she received Junior Matric at age 14 and Senior Matric at age 15. As she was too young to enter university, she stayed at home and studied music. After half a year of music study, she tired of it and applied for a teaching job at Zephyr, which she got and taught the second term. She entered Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1909, and graduated in 1913 with a first in three honours courses: English and History, Modern Romance Languages, and Modern Teutonic Languages. She then attended Ontario College of Education (1913-1914) and taught High School in Amherstburg, Renfrew, and St. Mary's.

In 1929, she was a founding member and editor of World Friends, a magazine for children published monthly by the Woman's Missionary Society of the United Church of Canada, and retired from the magazine in 1955. In the 1930's, she was President of the Canadian Authors' Association. She was President of the University Women's Club; founding member of the Margaret Nice Ornithological Club; member of: Victoria Women's Association, Helconian Club, White Cross Guild at the Toronto Psychiatric Hospital, and Amnesty International. From the 1930's on, Pratt addressed various groups such as university women's groups, church groups, and book clubs. She accompanied her husband, E.J. Pratt, as research assistant on his trip to British Columbia for preparation of Towards the Last Spike. Pratt read to blind students at University during and after the Second World War. She also wrote book reviews for the Globe and Mail. In 1956, Pratt was awarded a honorary degree of Doctorate of Sacred Letters from Victoria University and published two books: Famous Doctors and Journeying with the Year.

Victoriana

  • Corporate body

Victoriana consists of published materials and documents relating to the history as well as present activities of Victoria University. It contains more than 250 titles and includes books, magazines, newspapers, pamphlets and other documents.

Duplicate copies of some items are located in our stacks and may be signed out (a valid TCard is required). Additionally, microfiche copies of Acta Victoriana are located in the reference collection on the first floor, under the call number LH3 .V5 A3. A microfiche reader is available on the main floor of the library.

The Toronto Centre for the Book

  • Corporate body
  • 1994

The Toronto Centre for the Book was established at the University of Toronto in 1994; its mandate is to bring together faculty, students, librarians and any others who have an interest in any aspect of the book and the written word. The Centre co-ordinates a wide range of editorial, bibliographical and book history projects in various disciplines and periods, providing a forum for lectures and colloquia, fostering research and interdisciplinary co-operation, and developing graduate training at the University.

The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

  • Corporate body

The Collected Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a sixteen volume series published in the United States by Princeton University Press, 1971-2001. The volumes, some of them in multiple parts, were a collaborative effort of various editors, with Kathleen Coburn credited as General Editor.

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor

Victoria University Library holds a research collection of international importance containing manuscripts, papers and printed books belonging to Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others of his circle, including Wordsworth, Southey and Lamb. It provides an especially rich resource for the study of Coleridge's private papers and informal conversation.

Extensive secondary materials are also held in the collection to support Coleridge studies.

Most specialists know of the existence of the S. T. Coleridge Collection of manuscripts and rare books at Victoria University, but probably few are familiar with the scope and depth of materials which place the collection, according to The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, second in importance for Coleridge studies only to that of the British Museum

Bates, Ronald Gordon Nudell

Ronald Gordon Nudell Bates, a poet, literary critic and Professor of English, was born in Regina Saskatchewan in 1924. He earned a B.A. (1948), at Victoria College, University of Toronto, and M.A. and Ph.D also from the University of Toronto. The subject of his doctoral thesis was James Joyce’s Finnegan’s Wake. His teaching career was spent at the University of Upsala (Sweden), the University of Toronto and University of Western Ontario. A member of P.E.N., selected publications of his poetry include The Wandering World (1959), The Unimaginable Circus; Theatre and Zoo (privately printed, 1965), and Changes (1968), and his poems have appeared in various periodicals. He is also the co-editor of works of criticism on Erik Lindegren and James Joyce, and the author of critical articles published in journals and a biography of Northrop Frye (1971). Married to Kirsti Helen Mottonen; his three children are Karina Anne, Peter Gerald and Lisa Lydia.

Bell, Richard lloyd

  • Person
  • 1896-1991

Richard Lloyd Bell was a graduate of Victoria College (B.A., Class of 1920) who served overseas in the Canadian military during World War I. He was born in Springford, Ontario and received his early education in Ingersoll. After attending Victoria College, 1914-1917, he entered the Canadian Army, and was sent to England, where he was posted at various training centres before the end of the War. He went on to a career in teaching in Toronto, which included being head of the mathematics department at Harbord Collegiate, and then holding the same position at Western Commerce.

Butchart, Reuben

Reuben Butchart was a Toronto writer and church periodical editor who researched and wrote about the history of the Churches of Christ (Disciples) in Canada. He served as manager and later as editor of Christian Messenger and its successor The Canadian Disciple for the period 1897–1929. During that time he was active in his local congregation, since 1923 known as Hillcrest Church of Christ, and served many years as Corresponding Secretary of the Cooperation of Disciples of Christ in Ontario. His historical research broadened in the 1940s, culminating in the publication of his pioneering work The Disciples of Christ in Canada since 1830 (1949).

Massey, Raymond

Raymond Massey was an internationally recognized actor, on stage and screen. Born in Toronto in 1896, he was the son of Anna (née Vincent) and Chester Daniel Massey, the owner of the Massey-Harris Tractor Company; his brother Vincent served as Governor-General of Canada, 1952-1959.

Raymond Massey received his schooling in various Ontario institutions, including Upper Canada Academy, before attending Victoria College in the University of Toronto. At the conclusion of the 1915-1916 academic year Massey joined the Canadian Army, serving as an artillery officer in France and Siberia. After attending Balliol College, Oxford, and briefly trying his hand in the family business in Canada, Massey set sail for England, with aspirations of becoming an actor. Massey produced and directed various plays on the London stage in the 1920's and early 1930's, in addition to honing his skill as an actor in a wide range of productions; his acting roles of increasing prominence led to high profile supporting parts in British and American films such as "The Scarlet Pimpernel" (1934), "Things To Come" (1936) , "The Hurricane" (1937) and "Prisoner of Zenda" (1937). Wide acclaim followed his portrayal of the title character in the play "Abe Lincoln in Illinois", which led to his starring in the 1940 film of the same name, a performance which was rewarded with an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.

Throughout the 1940's and 1950's Massey alternated theatrical roles in notable plays with work in popular films such as "Arsenic And Old Lace" (1944) and "East Of Eden" (1955); he also appeared steadily in television productions from 1948 on. Massey also starred in "Seven Angry Men", (1955) reprising his stage persona of John Brown. In the 1960's Massey received praise for his supporting role of Dr. Gillespie on the popular television drama "Dr. Kildare". After "Kildare" Massey's performances were limited, culminating in his last appearance in the play "The Night of the Iguana", 1975-1976. During his long and stellar career he received many honours for his acting, as well his philanthropic and charitable pursuits, which included fund raising for the Red Cross and World War II publicity and entertainment service.

Raymond Massey died in 1983, predeceased by one year by his third wife, Dorothy, and survived by children Geoffrey, Daniel and Anna - the latter two having established careers in the acting profession.

Knister, Raymond

Raymond Knister was an editor, a writer and a poet. He was born in Essex County, Ontario, the son of Robert Knister. He married Myrtle Gamble in 1927. They had two children. He drowned on Lake Saint Clair near Stoney Point.

Knister attended Victoria College, University of Toronto (1919-20) and took courses at Iowa State University, Iowa City (1923-24). He became associate editor of The Midland in 1923. He contributed many short stories and poems to The Midland, This Quarter (Paris) and Transition, along with other American and Canadian avant-garde magazines.

Knister was the editor of Canadian Short Stories (1928) and the author of White Narcissus (1929), My Star Predominant (1934), and Collected Poems (1949).

Ide, Thomas Ranald

Thomas Ranald (Ran) Ide was born in Ottawa on February 20, 1919 to Lola Scharfe and Richard Mold Ide. He moved with his family to Saint John, N.B., where he went to high school. After graduating from Mount Allison University, he taught at Pickering College, Newmarket, Ontario, where he met his first wife Eleanor Aylesworth. During WWII, Ran Ide served as a navigator in the RCAF and afterwards, returned to teaching at the Port Arthur Collegiate Institute.

Eleanor and Ran had three children Richard, John and Douglas. In 1953, Eleanor was struck by polio and lived the next twelve years as a quadriplegic until her death in 1964. During this period, television played an important role in the household. TV, as Ran saw it, could bring the classroom into a hospital room, the home, or isolated community and he immediately starting promoting its potential as a powerful educational tool.

After spending twenty years in Port Arthur, Thunder Bay, and Fort William as a teacher, principal, inspector and superintendent of secondary schools, Ran Ide was asked in 1966 by the Honourable William G. Davis to establish a branch responsible for educational television within the Ontario Department of Education. When the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, better known as TVOntario, was created in 1970, Mr. Ide was appointed its first Chairman and CEO.

Following his retirement in 1979, he established T. R. Ide Consultants Inc. with his second wife Arlene Miles and, among other activities, chaired the federal Department of Communication’s Research Advisory Board (CRAB), the Science Council of Canada’s Committee on Computers and Communications and served as acting Vice-President of Planning at the CBC.

Ran Ide held honorary doctorates from Queen’s and Waterloo universities. He was a Fellow of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, the Ontario Teachers’ Federation, the World Academy of Art and Science and was an active member of the international Club of Rome. In 1996, he was made an Officer of The Order of Canada. Ran Ide died of leukemia in October of 1996.

Trevelyan, Robert Calverley

Robert Calverley Trevelyan was a poet and translator who was associated with the Bloomsbury Group. He was born in Weybridge, the son of Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet; his brother was the historian G.M. Trevelyan. At Trinity College, Cambridge, (1891-1895), he studied classics and law, but his ambition was to be a poet, and he went on to author many books, including translations, from 1898 to 1950. He was married to the Dutch musician Elizabeth van der Hoeven.

Bell, Quentin

Quentin Bell was an author, artist, critic and biographer of his aunt, Virginia Woolf. He was born in London in 1910, to Clive and Vanessa Bell, who was Woolf’s sister; his parents separated when he was six. He studied art in Paris before mounting his first exhibition, and in 1947 published his first book, On Human Finery. Bell went on to publish more non-fiction books, as well as a novel. During his career he was a lecturer in art education at King’s College, Newcastle, and a professor of fine art at Oxford and the University of Leeds; he was also chair of history and theory of art at the University of Sussex. He received much acclaim when his biography of Virginia Woolf was published in 1972; and in 1996, the year of his death, his memoir Bloomsbury Recalled was hailed as a significant contribution to the history of that creative group. Bell was survived by his wife Anne Olivier Bell, and three children.

Jones, Peter

Peter Jones, known in Ojibwa as Kahkewaquonaby, meaning “sacred feathers” or “sacred waving feathers”; also known as Desagondensta, in Mohawk, signifying “he stands people on their feet”, was a Mississauga Ojibwa chief, a member of the eagle totem, a farmer, a Methodist minister, an author, and a translator. He was born at Burlington Heights (Hamilton), Upper Canada, the son of Augustus Jones and Tuhbenahneequay. He married Eliza Field in 1833, and they had five sons, four of whom survived infancy. He died near Brantford, Upper Canada.

Jones lived among the Mississauga people, then among the Mohawk on the Grand River. At the age of fourteen his father sent him to school in a Saltfleet township, where he became known as Peter Jones. He was baptized at the age of eighteen, but by his own account, not converted until 1823. He taught Sunday School and preached occasionally. In 1825 he was invited by William Case to work as a Methodist, and was asked to keep a journal of his travels. He became the first Canadian native to keep a journal, the first native missionary to be appointed to serve the Ojibwa and, with his brother John, the first translator of Biblical literature into such native tongues as Ojibwa and Chippewa. He was responsible for the establishment of a native mission on the Credit River in 1825. He was received on trial for ministry in 1827, became a deacon in 1830, and an elder in 1833. He was elected chief of two Ojibwa bands. In 1831, Jones traveled to England on behalf of the Methodist Conference to raise funds for Indian missions, and also to represent native causes to British authorities. He preached in Methodist churches throughout Britain, arranged to have translations of the New Testament published, and was presented to King William IV. He was received by Queen Victoria in 1837 and delivered a petition from the Ojibwa requesting the title to Indian lands. In 1844 he was compelled to accept supernumerary status due to poor health. He continued to travel in Britain and France gathering funds for Indian missions. He also worked among the native people at Muncey and New Credit. After 1850 he was forced to retire by poor health. He built a home in Brantford with his wife, where he lived until his death. Eliza Jones later married again and was known as Eliza Carey.

Jones’ publications include: Removal of the River Credit Indians, an article in the Christian Guardian, concerning the relocation of his tribe (1848), The sermon and Speeches of the Rev. Peter Jones, alias, Kah-ke-wa-quon-a-by, the Converted Indian Chief, delivered on the occasion of the eighteenth anniversary of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society, for the Leeds District (1831). His translations include: The First Book of Moses, called Genesis (1835) and A Collection of Chippeway and English hymns, for the use of the native Indians (1840). His Life and Journals of Kah-ke-wa-quo-nā-by (Rev. Peter Jones), Wesleyan Missionary (1860), and History of the Ojibway Indians: with especial reference to their conversion to Christianity (1861, editor: Eliza Jones) were published posthumously.

Source: Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. VIII, 1851 to 1860 / Francess G. Halpenny. – / Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1985.

Hess, Peter Hans

Peter H. Hess was born in 1934. He received a B.A. from the University of Western Ontario in 1965, and M.A. (1966) and Ph.D. (1971) degrees from Brown University. He began teaching at Victoria University in Toronto in 1969 as a Lecturer in Philosophy. From 1970 to 1978 he was an Assistant Professor, and from 1978 to 1996 an Associate Professor. During his academic career he published "Thought and experience" (c1988) as well as articles in various philosophical journals.

Edgar, Oscar Pelham

Oscar Pelham Edgar was a teacher and an academic. He was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of James David Edgar and Matilda Ridout. He married Helen Madeline Boulton in 1893. She died in 1933. He married to Dona Gertrude Cameron Waller in 1935. They had one daughter, Katharine Jane. He died in Canton, Ontario.

Edgar was educated at Upper Canada College. He received his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1892 and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland in 1897. He began his teaching career as modern-language master at Upper Canada College (1892-1895). He was appointed to the staff of the Department of French at Victoria College, Toronto, as Lecturer in 1897, then as Head from 1901 to 1910. He also began to lecture in the Department of English in 1902, later transferring permanently to the latter, where he held full professional rank until 1938 and served as Head for twenty-eight years.

Edgar was a member of the Athenaeum Club, London, England; of the Canadian Society of Authors where he served as Secretary; of the Tennyson Club, Toronto, where he served as President; of the Modern Language Association, Ontario, where he served as President; of the Ontario Education Society, where he served as Secretary from 1908 to 1909; and of the Canadian Writers’ Foundation which was founded by Edgar. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1915 and received its Lorne Pierce Medal for distinguished service to Canadian literature in 1936.

Edgar published many reviews and articles, along with three monographs: A Study of Shelley with Special Reference to his Nature Poetry (1899), Henry James, Man and Author (1927), The Art of the Novel from 1700 to the Present Time (1933). He also contributed a chapter on Canada to The Cambridge History of English Literature (1916), and acted as Canadian advisor for the Dictionary of National Biography (1911). Some autobiographical material was published posthumously under the title Across my Path (1952), edited by Northrop Frye, including a complete bibliography of Edgar's publications, compiled by Margaret Ray.

Bouissac, Paul Antoine

Paul Antoine R. Bouissac is a writer and an academic. He was born in Perigueux, France, the son of Antoine Louis Bouissac and Marguerite Marie Frêne. He lives in Toronto.

Bouissac received license-ès-lettres in Études latines (1955), Études grêcques (1955), Psychologie générale (1956), and Grammaire et philologie classique (1962) at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he also received a Diplome d’Études Supérieures in 1956. In 1970 he received a Doctorat du Troisième Cycle en Linguistique (sémiotique) at the University of Paris.

Bouissac was appointed Lecturer at Victoria University, Toronto in 1962. After this he was appointed Assistant Professor at Victoria University (1965); Associate Professor at Victoria University (1969); Professor at the Graduate Department of French at the University of Toronto (1971); Professor at the Graduate Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto (1972); Professor at Victoria University (1974); and Professor Emeritus at Victoria University (1999). He became a Member of the Associate Faculty at the Centre for Comparative Literature in 1981, and of the First (1980) and Third (1982) International Summer Institutes for Semiotic and Structural Studies. He served as visiting professor at New York University in Buffalo (1975), the University of South Florida (1975), New York University (1980), and again at New York University in Buffalo from 1981 onwards. He also served as Associate Director of the Summer Institute for Semiotic and Structural Studies at Indiana University in 1982.

During his career Bouissac received awards from the University of Toronto in 1963, 1971 and 1972, from the Canada Council in 1967, 1968 and 1977, from the Wenner Gren Foundation in 1970, and fellowships from the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (1972–73); the Guggenheim Foundation (1973–74); Connaught (1988–89); and Killam (1989–91).

Bouissac’s publications include one work of fiction, Les Demoiselles (1970), and works of non-fiction: La Mesure des Gestes; prolegomenes à la sémiotique gestuelle (1973), Circus and Culture; a Semiotic Approach (1976), Iconcity: Essays on the Nature of Culture: Festschrift for Thomas A. Sebeok on his 65th birthday (1986), and Encyclopedia of Semiotics (1998).

In 1964 Bouissac became president and main stockholder of the Debord Circus, a circus that attempted to present high quality animal acts in a single ring. The circus lasted only 2 years and closed in 1965.

The Paris Posters

  • Corporate body
  • 1968

May 1968 was a period of political upheaval in Paris. Student demonstrations led to worker sit-in strikes and to the widespread general strike that paralyzed the country and threatened the French political regime. This worker/student rebellion shut down most of France and eventually ended General DeGaulle’s political career. The demand was for the reorganization of French social and political life. Barricades went up; street fighting broke out; and the Sorbonne was occupied by students and converted into a huge commune.

During this time of political and social upheaval, the École des Beaux Arts was occupied by students who formed the Atelier Populaire: workshops where the posters were first conceived, then produced using silk-screening processes, lithography and stenciling. The Atelier Populaire considered the posters they produced as weapons both in the service of their struggle and the workers’ protest against the “Establishment.” These posters later became collectors’ items.

Victoria University Library’s original collection of 19 posters was donated by Professor Emeritus Paul Bouissac, who was doing research in Paris in May 1968. In 2012, the Library acquired approximately 300 additional posters to commemorate Professor David Cook, who had completed his terms as Principal of Victoria College.

The Paris 1968 posters are original examples of simple yet powerful graphic street art which played a significant role in provoking political and social change. View the Paris Posters Collection online at: http://uoft.me/paris-posters/

Jewison, Norman

Norman Jewison, Canada’s most distinguished and celebrated film director, was born in Toronto in 1926. He attended Kew Beach School, and while growing up in the 1930s displayed an aptitude for performing and theatre. He served in the Navy (1944–1945) during World War II, and after being discharged travelled in the American South, where he confronted segregation, an experience that would influence his later work.

Jewison attended Victoria College in the University of Toronto, graduating with a B.A. in 1949. As a student he was involved in writing, directing and acting in various theatrical productions, including the All-Varsity Revue in 1949. During the summer he worked as a waiter at the Banff Springs Hotel, as well as doing local theatre production. Following graduation he was determined to work in show business, preferably as an actor, and ventured to Hollywood and New York in search of opportunities.

Finding the employment prospects in the United States dim and the cost of economic survival high, Jewison came back to Toronto to drive a taxi for a living, but maintained his ambitions by acting and writing during the summer. After seeking Canadian television production work but finding it unavailable, he moved to London, England, where he worked sporadically as a script writer for a children’s show and bit part actor for the British Broadcasting Company, amid supporting himself with odd jobs. Out of work in Britain in late 1951, he accepted an offer to be a production trainee for CBC-TV in Toronto.

When CBC went on the air in the Fall of 1952, Jewison was an assistant director. During the next seven years he wrote, directed and produced a wide variety of musicals, comedy-variety shows, dramas and specials, including the “The Big Revue,” “Showtime” and “The Barris Beat.” In 1953 he married Margaret “Dixie” Dixon, a former model. They would have three children—Michael, Kevin and Jennifer—who would all pursue careers in the entertainment world, sometimes working on a Jewison film.

His reputation for high quality work was established, and in 1958 Jewison was recruited to work for CBS in New York, where his first assignment was “Your Hit Parade,” followed by “The Andy Williams Show.” The success of these shows led to directing specials featuring performers such as Harry Belafonte, Jackie Gleason, and Danny Kaye. The television production that proved pivotal to Jewison’s career was the Judy Garland “comeback” special that aired in 1961, which included Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin, and led to a weekly show that Jewison was later called in to direct. Visiting the studio during rehearsal for the special, actor Tony Curtis suggested to Jewison that he should direct a feature film.

Norman Jewison’s career as a film director began with the comedy “Forty Pounds Of Trouble” (1962), starring Curtis. The next three films he directed, including two with Doris Day, “The Thrill Of It All” (1963) and “Send Me No Flowers” (1964), were also light comedies done under contract for Universal Studios. After “The Art Of Love” (1965), Jewison was determined to escape from the genre and tackle more demanding projects. His breakthrough film proved to be “The Cincinnati Kid” (1965), a drama starring Steve McQueen, now considered one of the finest movies made about gambling. This triumph was followed in 1966 by the acclaimed satire on Cold War paranoia, “The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming,” which was the first film Jewison also produced, and was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Picture.

Continuing the string of successes was one of the films that have become closely identified with its director: “In The Heat Of the Night” (1967), a crime drama set in a racially divided Southern town and starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger, won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, while Jewison was nominated for Directing. As a follow-up he directed and produced another film with McQueen, using innovative multiple screen images in the crime caper “The Thomas Crown Affair.” From that point Jewison would produce all feature films he would direct, often with associate Patrick Palmer, and would also act as producer for films directed by others, beginning with his former film editor Hal Ashby’s “The Landlord” (1970).

After the completion of the period comedy “Gaily, Gaily” (1969), Jewison, having become disenchanted with the political climate in the United States, moved the family to England. At Pinewood Studios northwest of London, and on location in Yugoslavia, he worked on what would become one of the top grossing films of all time, the musical “Fiddler On the Roof” (1971, re-issued 1979), which would win two Oscars and be nominated for five others, including Best Picture and Directing.

Jewison’s next project was the musical “Jesus Christ Superstar” (1973), based on the record album produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. It was filmed in Israel, where Jewison also produced the western “Billy Two Hats” (1974), starring Gregory Peck. “Superstar,” controversial for its treatment of a sacred subject, was followed by another movie that sparked critical debate— this time the violence in “Rollerball” (1975), set in the near future where corporations ruled the world and entertainment centred around a deadly game. The next film he directed, the labor union drama “F.I.S.T.” (1978), also provided some turmoil, this time around the script adapted by star Sylvester Stallone.

In 1978 Jewison returned to Canada, settling in the Caledon area in Ontario, and establishing a farm that would produce prize winning cattle. Operating from a base in Toronto, as well as one maintained in California, he directed high profile actors Al Pacino in “…And Justice For All” (1979), and Burt Reynolds and Goldie Hawn in the romantic comedy “Best Friends,” as well as producing “The Dogs Of War” (1981) and “Iceman” (1984). During this period Jewison also acted as producer for the 53rd Annual Academy Awards (1981), which was slated to air the day President Ronald Reagan was shot, and had to be rescheduled.

Revisiting the theme of racial tension that had characterized “In The Heat Of The Night”, Jewison’s “A Soldier’s Story” (1984), based on a Pulitzer Prize winning play, was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Picture. His subsequent film was also based on an acclaimed play. The provocative “Agnes Of God,” set in a Quebec convent, starred Jane Fonda, Meg Tilly and Anne Bancroft; it received three Academy Award nominations.

Jewison’s next film proved to be one of the most popular romantic films ever made. “Moonstruck” (1987), starring Cher, was a box office hit that garnered three Academy Awards, including Cher as Best Actress. It also competed for the Oscar for Best Picture, as well as providing Jewison with his third nomination for Best Directing. During this period he became the force behind a project that had long been of interest: the Canadian Centre for Advanced Film Studies was incorporated in 1986. Renamed the Canadian Film Centre, it began operations in 1988. As founder, Norman Jewison has continued his efforts for the Centre in many capacities.

For the next decade Jewison continued to direct feature films released by major studios: “In Country” (1989), a drama concerned with Viet Nam veterans and the daughter of a war casualty; “Other People’s Money” (1991), a social comedy about greed in the 1980s; “Only You” (1994) a romantic comedy set in Italy; and Bogus (1996) a fantasy about a young boy and his imaginary friend. He also served as producer for the film “January Man” (1989), and executive producer for the Canadian movie “Dance Me Outside,” and branched back into television both as a director and producer, including the series “The Rez.”

“The Hurricane” (1999) was Jewison’s third film to explore the effects of racism, telling the story of boxer Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, who had been falsely convicted for a triple murder in New Jersey during the mid-sixties. Denzel Washington was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of Carter. In 1999 Jewison’s work was recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences when he was bestowed with the prestigious Irving G. Thalberg Award for lifetime achievement.

The Thalberg award was one of many honours Jewison has been awarded, including Honorary Degrees from Trent, Western Ontario and the University of Toronto, and being made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1992. In addition, he has received numerous tributes at Canadian and international film festivals and retrospectives, and been given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and Canada’s Walk of Fame. A park in downtown Toronto was named after him in 2001.

Norman Jewison has continued directing and producing; his latest film to be released was the thriller “The Statement” (2003), based on a novel by Brian Moore, and starring Michael Caine. In recognition of his contributions to the arts, as well as his sustained support, he was installed as Chancellor of Victoria University in 2004. That same year his autobiography “This Terrible Business Has Been Good to Me” was published, expressing the enthusiasm, conviction and creative passion that have sustained a rewarding career.

MacLure, Millar

Millar MacLure was a professor of English at Victoria College, Toronto, for thirty years. Born in 1917 at Albion Cross, Prince Edward Island, he received degrees at Acadia University (Hon. B.A. 1939), Queen's University, Kingston (M.A. 1944), and the University of Toronto (Ph.D. 1949). When his graduate studies in English literature at Johns Hopkins University were interrupted by the war in 1940, he taught at his former high school, Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown, during 1941-1943 and 1944-1945. After receiving his doctorate, he served as Professor of English and Chairman of the Department at United College, Winnipeg, 1949-1953. He returned to Toronto to teach at Victoria College until his retirement in 1983. During his distinguished professorate at Victoria and the University of Toronto Graduate Department of English, MacLure served as departmental chairman and edited The Tamarack Review (1956-1960) as well as The University of Toronto Quarterly (1960-1965). His major publications were The Paul's Cross Sermons, 1534-1642 (1958) and George Chapman: A Critical Study (1966). He also edited and co-edited several other important volumes and wrote many essays and reviews. He served as founding president of the Association of Canadian University Teachers of English for 1957-1958, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1973. MacLure died in 1990.

Pratt, Mildred Claire

Mildred Claire Pratt was an artist, poet and editor. She was born in Toronto in 1921, the only child of Edwin John Pratt and Viola Leone Whitney Pratt. At the age of 4, Claire contracted polio and subsequently developed osteomyelitis, an inflammatory disease of the bone that afflicted her for the rest of her life. She died in Toronto, Ontario on April 5, 1995.

Pratt majored in English and Philosophy at Victoria College, University of Toronto, and upon graduation in 1944 was awarded a gold medal in Philosophy. She then enrolled at Columbia University, New York City, to pursue graduate work in International Studies. When she returned to Toronto she established Claire Pratt Book Service, a personal advisory and purchasing agency, from 1946 to 1950. Between 1952 and 1954 she worked for Harvard University Press as an editor. From 1956 to 1965 she was Senior Editor for McClelland and Stewart. In 1965, ill health forced her to retire but she continued doing free-lance work for Oxford University Press, McClelland and Stewart, Press Porcepic, and Consolidated Amethyst.

She also studied art at the Doon School of Art, Toronto, and at the Boston Museum of Fine Art. She preferred working with woodcuts and her work was exhibited at shows across Canada and in Europe. Later, she began writing poetry, and her poems were published in various poetry magazines in Canada and the United States. In 1965 she published Haiku. Her interest in genealogy was responsible for her travels to England, Newfoundland, and New Zealand, and in 1971 she published Silent Ancestors. Her other published works include Music of Oberon (1975) and Black Heather (1980). Near the end of her life she completed work on editing her mother’s writings, Papers and Speeches and Viola Pratt: A Testament of Love, a diary her mother kept of Claire’s life. Pratt belonged to several organizations, including: Amnesty International, World Federalists, and the Professional Booksellers Association where she held the position of President from 1957 to 1958.

Phillips, Michael

Michael Phillips is an internationally recognized William Blake scholar and academic. He was born to Paul Curtis Phillips and Louise Phillips in New York City and grew up in Southern California.

Phillips obtained a BA in English from Loyola University, Los Angeles, in 1963, and, in 1968, earned a PhD from Exeter; his thesis was titled The Poetical Sketches of William Blake. He also has a BPhil in Modern English Studies from Oxford.

Phillips was influenced by his friendships with Shakespearian scholar G. Wilson Knight and prominent Blake scholar Sir Geoffrey Keynes and his work on William Blake became increasingly interdisciplinary over the course of his career. He trained in printmaking techniques at the Edinburgh College of Art and became a member of the professional Edinburgh Printmakers Workshop, where he began successfully replicating Blake’s “illuminated printing” technique in studio. This printmaking training informed Phillips’ numerous publications, especially his book William Blake: The Creation of the Songs: From Manuscript to Illuminated Printing, 2000.

Phillips has taught at Oxford, University College London, the University of Edinburgh, and the University of York. He has also lectured and given Blake printmaking demonstrations internationally, including at Victoria University, University of Toronto, in 2012.

In addition, Phillips has been guest curator of William Blake exhibitions at Tate Britain and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Petit Palais in Paris, and, currently, for the Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford.

His work has been recognized with awards from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Yale Centre for British Art, British Library Centre for the Book, a British Academy Research Readership in the Humanities, Waynflete Lectureship, Magdalen College, Oxford, and the Medal of the Collège de France.

Bedard, Michael

Michael Bedard is an award-winning author of books for children and youth. He was born in 1949 in Toronto, Canada, and studied English and Philosophy at Victoria University, Toronto. After graduating with a B.A. in 1971, Bedard worked as a library assistant in St. Michael's College Library at the University of Toronto until 1978. He then worked as a pressman at the small print shop Gardenshore Press until 1981. Bedard has been a full-time writer since 1982.

Bedard's works are aimed at a young adult audience and include re-tellings of fairy tales and Chinese fables, dark fiction novels, picture books about Emily Dickinson, Willa Cather, the Bronte children, and Canadian sculptors Frances Loring and Florence Wyle, as well as a biography of William Blake.

He has won several awards including the Governor General's Literary Award, the Canadian Library Association Book of the Year Award for Children, the IODE Violet Downey Book Award, the runner-up for the Young Adult Canadian Award, and the Toronto IODE Book Award.

Rowell Jackman, Mary Coyne

Mary Rowell Jackman was born in 1904, the daughter of Nellie Langford Rowell and Newton Rowell, a prominent Ontario politician and lawyer. She grew up in the Rosedale area of Toronto, spending summers at a cottage on Lake Simcoe, and travelling abroad extensively with her parents. After schooling at King’s Hall in Compton, Quebec, Mary attended Victoria College in the University of Toronto, graduating with a BA in 1925; further study was then done at the London School of Economics. While in England she also took a YWCA leadership course, and developed a strong interest in psychology.

Throughout her academic years Mary had been a keen member of the Student Christian Movement, an organization that employed her as a full-time women’s secretary at the University of Toronto, 1928–1929. The following year she married Henry Rutherford Jackman (1900–1979), a Toronto financier and lawyer with strong ties to the Conservative Party. The wedding took place at the Metropolitan United Church in Toronto, where in ensuing years Mary would organize a nursery school, work in a World War II service unit, help administer a donation for the church’s upkeep, serve as president of the Afternoon Women's Association and Afternoon Women's Missionary Society, and co-author a history of the church.

Mary was also busy at home, raising four children: Henry Rowell, 1932; Eric, 1934; Edward, 1940; and Nancy, 1942. In addition, she volunteered her time at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, and on the Art Gallery of Ontario’s women’s committee, as well as working with the Ontario Society of Artists. Her commitment to Victoria University – following a Rowell family tradition – was embodied in her serving on the Senate, Board of Regents, Board of Management, and Art Committee. She also continued to travel abroad frequently, including a round–the–world trip in 1954 and 1964.

After being given A Room of One’s Own as a wedding present by her mother, Mary maintained an interest in the writings of Virginia Woolf. She began collecting first editions of Woolf's books on the advice of a Victoria University English professor, and her acquisitions then expanded to include works by other Bloomsbury Group members and the Hogarth Press. Mary donated these valuable books to the Women's Residence Library at Victoria University in honour of her mother and aunt; the entire collection was subsequently moved to the E.J. Pratt Library.

Mary Rowell Jackman continued an active life to the end of the 1980s, supporting women’s causes and keeping in touch with political issues. Her contributions were recognized by honorary degrees from Victoria University and the University of Toronto, and in 1993 – the year before her death – she was nominated for the Order of Canada.

In 2005, “Mary Rowell Jackman: A Person in Her Own Right”, a documentary chronicling her life, comissioned by Nancy Ruth, was produced by Sky Works.

Pickthall, Marjorie Lowry Christie

Marjorie Lowry Christie Pickthall (1883–1922) was a librarian, a writer and a poet. She was born in Gunnersby, Middlesex, England, the daughter of Arthur C. Pickthall and Helen Mallard. She died in Vancouver, British Columbia, following an operation.

She moved with her family to Southwater, Sussex, then to Toronto, Ontario in 1889. She was educated at St. Mildred’s College and Bishop Strachan School. She sold her first story, “Two-Ears” to The Globe (a Toronto newspaper) while still a student at Bishop Strachan School. She was employed as an assistant librarian at Victoria University Library, Toronto, from 1910 to 1912 and her writing was published in several periodicals during that time, including Acta Victoriana, a student literary journal at Victoria College.

Pickthall moved to England in 1912 and lived near Salisbury until 1919. She participated in World War I as an ambulance driver, a farm labourer and a library clerk. She wrote many short stories and poems during this period. After the war she returned to Toronto, then moved to Vancouver, where she continued to write.

Pickthall published over two hundred short stories and approximately one hundred poems along with numerous articles in journals such as Atlantic Monthly, Harper’s, and Scribner’s. She also contributed to young people’s magazines. Her publications include: The Drift of Pinions (1913), Lamp of Poor Souls and Other Poems (1916), Little Hearts (1916), The Bridge: A Story of the Great Lakes (1922), The Woodcarver’s Wife and Other Poems (1922), Angels’ Shoes: And Other Stories (1923), Little Songs: A Book of Poems (1925), and The Complete Poems of Marjorie Pickthall (1927).

She is buried at the St. James Cemetery in Toronto.

Pratesi, Mario

Mario Pratesi was an Italian teacher and respected author. He was born in Santa Fiora on Mont’Amiata near Grosseto, Italy, in 1842. Following the death of his mother when he was four years old, he continued to suffer from intense depression, eventually being hospitalized. After being released from the sanatorium he moved to Florence, with the ambition of becoming a writer. Financial necessity compelled him to earn his living as a teacher, however he wrote extensively in his free time, producing newspaper articles, book reviews, memorials, short stories, novellas, travel accounts, and novels, including Memorie del mio amico Tristano (1872), L’eredita (1889), Il Mondo di Dolcetta (1896, 1916), Le Perfidie del caso (1898) and Il Peccato del dottore. Pratesi retired from teaching in 1906, devoting his time to writing despite the hardships of terminal illness and poverty. Pratesi died in 1921.

Gairns, Margaret Susie

  • Person
  • 1910-2005

Margaret Susie Gairns was born on July 26, 1910 in Toronto. She attended Victoria College, studying English and History, and graduated in 1931. A year later she graduated from the Ontario College of Education, but as there were no teaching jobs available at the time, she returned to Victoria College to complete her MA. In 1937, Margaret began teaching English at Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute in Toronto and remained there for her entire career, retiring in 1969.

Margaret Gairns endowed a scholarship at Victoria College in 2004 in tribute to the professors that she had while in attendance. The Margaret Gairns Scholarship is awarded to a newly-admitted student who intends to study English or Literary Studies.

Margaret Gairns passed away in Toronto on January 10, 2005 at the age of 94.

Horning, Lewis Emerson

Lewis Emerson Horning was a teacher and an academic. He was born in Norwich, Ontario, the son of James Horning and Eliza Macklem. He married Beatrice Lillian Nixon in 1885. She died in 1912. He married Grace McRae Cooper in 1916. He had one son and two daughters. He died in Toronto.

Horning was educated at Brantford Collegiate Institute. He received a B.A. from Victoria University, Toronto, in 1884 and went on to study at the University of Breslau, Germany, the University of Göttingen, Germany, where he received a Ph.D. in 1891, and the University of Leipzig, Germany.

Horning was a teacher at Peterborough Collegiate Institute (1884-86). He was appointed Assistant Professor Classics and Modern Languages (1886-91), Professor German and Old English (1891-1905), and Professor Teutonic Philology (1905-25) at Victoria University. He was Chief Examiner at the Education Department of Ontario for several terms and Honourary President of the French and German Club. He received the Prince of Wales medal and the silver medal in Philosophy at Victoria University.

Horning’s publications include: Exercises in German Composition (1895), Materials for German Composition (1901), A Bibliography of Canadian Fiction (1904), The German Drama of the Nineteenth Century (1909), and Syllabus of Lectures on the Outlines of German Literature (1909).

Woolf, Leonard

Leonard Woolf was a writer, editor and book publisher who was also active politically. He was born in London in 1880, the third of ten children of Solomon Rees Sydney and Marie Woolf. After earning a Cambridge B.A. (1902) he served in the civil service in Ceylon, before returning to England and marrying Virginia Stephen in 1912. From that point on the Bloomsbury Group, which traced its roots to Woolf’s days at Cambridge, and included Clive Bell, John Maynard Keynes and Lytton Strachey, began to emerge as an artistic and intellectual force. In 1913 Woolf published his first novel, The Village and the Jungle.

During World War I Woolf was a pacifist who became heavily involved in political and social issues; an activity that would carry on after the War. To provide a hobby for Virginia – who was suffering from manic depression – Woolf launched the Hogarth Press in 1917. After initially publishing small books by friends such as T.S. Eliot , E.M. Forster and Katherine Mansfield, it evolved into a prestigious publishing house; its titles included Virginia Woolf’s Jacob’s Room and Eliot’s The Waste Land. Woolf continued to work as the Hogarth director after Virginia’s suicide in 1941, until his death in 1969.

Burpee, Lawrence Johnston

Lawrence Johnston Burpee was a historian, a civil servant, a librarian and a writer. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Lewis Johnston Burpee and Alice de Mill. In 1899 he married Maud Hanington. They had three sons and two daughters, Lawrence Hanington, Mrs. John Lowe, Margaret, Edward and Arthur. He died in Oxford, England.

Burpee was educated partly at home and at public and private schools. In 1890 he entered the Canadian federal Civil Service to serve as private secretary to three successive Ministers of Justice. From 1905 to 1912 he was Librarian of the Carnegie Public Library in Ottawa. From 1912 until his death, he was Canadian Secretary of the International Joint Commission.

Burpee was one of the founding members of the Canadian Historical Association; National President of the Canadian Authors’ Association; editor of the Canadian Geographical Journal; founding member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Writers’ Foundation; Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1911), Honorary Secretary (1926-1935), and President (1936-1937). He received the Medaille de Vermeil award from the Académie Française for work in Canadian history and the Tyrrell Gold Medal from the Royal Society of Canada.

Burpee published extensively in the areas of Canadian bibliography, geography and history. His publications include: A Bibliography of Canadian Fiction (1904, co-editor: L.E. Horning), Canadian Life in Town and Country (1905, co-author: H.J. Morgan), A Little Book of Canadian Essays (1909), A Century of Canadian Sonnets (1910), An Index and Dictionary of Canadian History (1911, co-editor: Arthur G. Doughty), Humour of the North (1912), Sandford Fleming, Empire Builder (1915), An Historical Atlas of Canada (1927, editor), Journals of LaVerendrye (1927, editor).

Rièse, Laure Eva

Laure Eva Rièse was an academic. She was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, the daughter of Frédéric Rièse and Laure Veuilleumier. She died in Toronto, Ontario, in 1996.

Rièse went to Secondary School in Switzerland. She studied arts and literature at the Sorbonne in Paris, France, before moving to Toronto in 1928 where she assumed a teaching position at Victoria College’s French House while studying at the University of Toronto. She acquired a B.A. in 1933, an M.A. in 1935 and a Ph.D. in 1946, the first woman faculty member to gain one. As a Professor of French at Victoria University, she conducted courses in the study of French-Canadian authors, and Quebec’s place in la francophonie. At the same time she supported the teaching of theatre, and in her later years became a model, posing for a variety of advertising campaigns, including one for The Bank of Montreal.

Rièse was a member of numerous organizations including Chairman of the Canadian Swiss Cultural Association, Honourary President of the Alliance Française, and founder and President of the French Salon in Toronto. She was also the recipient of numerous awards, including the Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur in France (1971), the Officier d’Académie (1946), the Officier d’Instruction Publique, Officer of the Order of Canada, and Dame of the Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem. She also received an honorary Doctor of Sacred Letters degree from Victoria University in 1987.

Rièse’s publications include L’Ame de la Poésie Canadienne Française (anthology) and Les Salons Littéraires féminins du Second Empire à nos jours (1962). She wrote many articles and reviews for French Canadian and French American journals, and journals in France.

The Bloomsbury Group & Hogarth Press Collections

  • Corporate body

Victoria University Library has a number of special collections concerning the Bloomsbury Group. Chief among these is the Virginia Woolf Collection consisting of more than 3000 items.

The collection contains books by and about Virginia Woolf and other members of the Bloomsbury Group. It features all the Hogarth Press books hand-printed by Leonard and Virginia Woolf including many variant issues, bindings and proof copies. (Records for each item can be found in the University of Toronto Library Catalogue.)

The design interests of the Bloomsbury Group are represented by the graphic works of Vanesssa Bell, Roger Fry, Duncan Grant and Clive Bell. Stephen Tomlin, a sculptor associated with the Group, is represented by bronze busts of Virginia Woolf and Lytton Strachey (on permanent display in the Pratt Reading Room.)

A substantial number of ephemeral publications, press catalogues, announcements and notices enhance the research utility of the collection.

Wilson, Kenneth Ramsay

  • Person
  • 1904-1952

Kenneth Ramsay Wilson was born in Barnbrough, Yorkshire, England in 1904 to Norman Wilson, a railway engineer and Kate Abbey. The family moved to Canada in 1909 and initially settled in Toronto and then later settled in Brantford, where Ken attended high school. After taking a year off, Ken entered Victoria College in 1922, where he enrolled in Commerce and Finance. He lived in the Burwash Hall residence and participated in many extra-curricular activities including the Debating Society, student government, and the Hart House theatre. In his third year, he met Ruth Duggan of Brampton and the couple married in June of 1929, a year after Ruth graduated from Victoria College. He graduated in 1926 with a Bachelor of Commerce.

After graduating, Ken took a job as a reporter with the Financial Post in Toronto, later moving to Montreal and then a year later returning to Toronto where he worked in the Financial Post's head office for the next 10 years. After some health issues, Ken moved his family, now including a daughter, Nora, born in 1933 and a son, David, born in 1936 to Ottawa in 1941. Ken took on the role as Maclean Hunter Publishing Company's representative and the Financial Post's Ottawa editor. Ken found the work in Ottawa extremely satisfying and quickly established himself in the scene, becoming a confidante of politicians, cabinet ministers, civil servants and diplomats.

In 1942, the Post sent him to England to report on the Canadian war effort. He traveled on a troop ship, dodging bombs and submarines and in London, he met with Winston Churchill and other government officials. At the end of the war, he was sent to cover the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) meetings in Switzerland and traveled through Europe. He also covered many other important events including the Bretton Woods Convention. During his years as Ottawa editor of the Financial Post, Ken's reputation as one of the most knowledgeable and trusted journalists in Canada grew steadily and he was often asked to speak at various events. He was also very much involved in the community in Ottawa. He attended church regularly and served on church committees, was a Boy Scout leader, a member of the Parliamentary Press Gallery, the Press Club, and the Rideau Club.

In 1952, Kenneth R. Wilson's life was tragically cut short when the plane carrying him to New York crashed in heavy fog. He was 48 at the time of his death. His funeral was held at the church he attended weekly and was attended by over 200 mourners, including representatives from governments and the civil service.

After his death, family and colleagues established the KRW Memorial Fund, spearheaded by Floyd Chalmers and other key figures at Maclean Hunter. KRW awards are given out yearly in the field of journalism.

Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie

Kenneth Mackenzie Clark (1903–1983) was a patron and inspector of the arts. He was born in London, England, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and Margaret Alice McArthur. He married Elizabeth Winifred (’Jane’) Martin. She died in 1976; they had a son, politician Alan Clark, and a twin son and daughter. In 1977 he married Nolwen, former wife of Edward Rice and daughter of Frederic, Comte de Janzé. Clark died in Hythe, Kent, England.

Kenneth Clark was educated at Winchester and won a scholarship to Trinity College, Oxford, where he gained a second class in modern history in 1925. In the autumn of 1925 art historian Bernhard Berenson asked him to assist him in the revision of his corpus of Florentine drawings. In 1929 he was offered the task of cataloguing Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings held at Windsor Castle. He also helped organize an exhibition of Italian painting at the Royal Academy. In 1931 he was appointed keeper of the department of fine art at the Ashmolean in Oxford. In 1933 he was appointed director of the National Gallery in London (1934–45) and shortly afterwards surveyor of the King’s Pictures (1934–44). During the war he served in the Ministry of Information (1939–41). In 1946 he resigned from the National Gallery to devote himself to his writing. Between 1946 and 1950 he was Slade Professor of fine art at Oxford. He also became known as a broadcaster in such programmes as The Brain’s Trust. As a collector-patron of the arts he supported several artists including Henry Moore. In 1939–40 he was involved with the setting up of the Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts, which subsequently became the Arts Council of which he was chairman between 1953 and 1960. From 1954 to 1957 he was chairman of the Independent Television Authority. In 1966 the programme series Civilisation was mooted with the BBC and finally broadcast in 1969. He was Chancellor of York University from 1969–79 and a trustee of the British Museum.

Clark received the following honours: KCB (1938), FBA (1949), CH (1959), life peerage (1969) and OM (1976). Universities and academies in Britain, America, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Austria and Finland conferred Honourary degrees, fellowships, and distinctions on him. He was appointed to the Conseil Artistique des Musées Nationaux, Paris. His publications include: The Gothic Revival (1928), Catalogue of the Windsor Leonardo Drawings (1935), Leonardo da Vinci. An Account of his Development as an Artist (1939), Piero della Francesca (1951), The Nude (1956), The Gothic Revival (1962), Rembrandt and the Italian Renaissance (1966), Civilization (1969), Blake and Visionary Art (1973), and The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art (1986).

Source: The Dictionary of National Biography, 1981–1985 / Lord Blake and C.S. Nicholls. / – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990

Davey, Keith

Keith Davey was a sales manager, National Campaign Director for the Liberal Party Canada, a Senator, and a communications consultant. He was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Charles Minto Davey and Grace Viola Curtis. He married Catherine Isobel Hart in 1952. They had three children, Douglas, Ian and Catherine. They separated in 1975. He married Dorothy Elizabeth Petrie in 1978.

Davey was educated at North Toronto Collegiate Institute. He received a B.A. from Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1949. After graduation Davey became a Sales Manager for CKFH, a Toronto radio station (1949-60). He entered politics in 1960 as a campaign organizer for his home riding of Eglinton and was appointed National Campaign Director of the Liberal Party Canada in 1961, 1962, 1963 and 1965; concurrently National Organizer of the Party and Executive Director, of the Liberal Party of Canada until his appointment to the Senate in 1966. He was Chairman of the Special Senate Committee on Mass Media in 1970; and Co-Chairman of the Liberal National Campaign in 1973, 1979, 1980, and 1984 (last half). He was Commissioner of the Canadian Football League in 1967; a member of the Board of Governors of Toronto Central Hospital, the Canadian Oldtimers Hockey Association, and the United Church; Chairman of the Advisory Board of Alcohol and Drug Concerns, Inc.; Director of the Shaw Festival; and member of the Editorial Advisory Board of The Journal. Upon his retirement from the Senate in 1996 his friends and colleagues created an endowment to establish an annual lecture at Victoria University.

In 1969 Davey established his own communications consultancy, Keith Davey Limited. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1999. Davey published a political memoir, The Rainmaker – a Passion for Politics, in 1986.

Keith Davey died in Toronto in 2011.

Coburn, Kathleen

Kathleen Coburn was an award winning academic and professor of English. She was born in Stayner, Ontario, the daughter of John Coburn and Susannah Wesley Emerson. She died in Toronto, Ontario.

Coburn was educated at Harbord Collegiate Institute in Toronto. She received a B.A. (1928) and an M.A. (1930) from Victoria College, University of Toronto. She proceeded to St. Hugh's College, Oxford, England, where she obtained her B. Litt. in 1932. The same year, she returned to Toronto and accepted a position as an instructor in the English Department of Victoria College. She also served as Assistant to the Dean of Women (1932-1935). She was appointed Professor of English at Victoria College in 1953 and Professor Emeritus in 1971. Her academic interest focused on English literature and the works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Coburn received honourary doctorates from several universities, including Queen's University (1964), Trent University (1973), Canterbury (1975), University of British Columbia (1976), and University of Toronto (1978). She became honourary fellow of St. Hugh's College, Oxford, England in 1970. She was the recipient of several academic awards, including the John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship to study the unpublished writings of Coleridge in 1953 and 1957/58, the Leverhulme Award in 1948, the Order of Canada in 1974, the Chauveau Medal in 1979, and the Rosemary Crawshay Prize in 1990.

Coburn edited The Philosophical Lectures of S.T. Coleridge (1949) and The Letters of Sara Hutchison (1954). She was the general editor of The Collected Works of S.T. Coleridge (1968-). Her other publications include: The Grandmothers (1949), Inquiring Spirit (1951, 1979), In Pursuit of Coleridge (1977), and many articles, essays and published lectures.

Grant, John Webster

John Webster Grant was a United Church clergyman, an editor, and an academic. He was born in Truro, Nova Scotia, the son of William P. Grant and Margaret Dorothy Waddell. He married Gwendolyn Margaret Irwin in 1944. Gwendolyn died in 2002.

Grant was educated at Pictou Academy (1931–35) and Dalhousie University in Halifax where he received a B.A. in 1938 and an M.A. in Philosophy in 1941. He attended Princeton University, New Jersey, on a foreign scholarship for graduate studies in Politics (1938–39), Pine Hill Divinity Hall, Nova Scotia, where he received a Certificate in Theology (1939–40, 1942–43), and Oxford University in England where he received a D. Phil. (1946–48).

Grant was a minister in West Bay, Nova Scotia in 1943, in Chelsea, Quebec from 1943 to 1945, and in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1949. He served as Director of Information to non-Roman Catholic Churches, Wartime Information Board between 1943 and 1945 and was a Chaplain in the Royal Canadian Navy in 1945 and from 1952 to 1959. He was Editor-in-Chief, Ryerson Press from 1960 to 1963. Grant was appointed Sessional Lecturer in Systematic Theology at Pine Hill Divinity Hall (1945–46), Professor of Church History at Union College, University of British Columbia (1949–59), visiting Professor at United College of South India and Ceylon during a sabbatical (1957–58), and Professor of Church History at Emmanuel College, Victoria University, Toronto (1963–84). As a member of the United Church of Canada he served on several committees, including the Committee on Worship and the Committee planning Hymn Book for Anglican Church and United Church. He was a member of several university departments and committees at the Toronto School of Theology, the University of Toronto, the Centre for Religious Studies and Victoria University. He also was a member of several associations and other organizations, including the Canadian Society of Church History, the Canadian Historical Association and the Association of Theological Schools. He received a number of awards, including Honourary D.D.’s at Union College, British Columbia (1961), Pine Hill Divinity Hall (1962), and Trinity College, University of Toronto (1981).

Grant has published extensively (articles, introductions, contributions to books), edited several publications, participated in the creation of Calvinism and Work (phonotape: Learning Systems, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) and written/edited the following books: World Church: Achievement or Hope? (1956), Free Churchmanship in England, 1870–1940 (1958), God’s People in India (1959), The Ship under the Cross (1960), George Pidgeon: a Biography (1962), The Churches and the Canadian Experience (1963), God Speaks...we answer: a Handbook for Lay Leaders of Adult Worship (1965), The Canadian Experience of Church Union (1967), Salvation! O the Joyful Sound: the Selected Writings of John Carroll (1967), The Church in the Canadian Era: the First Century of Confederation (1972), Die unierten Kirchen (1973), and Moon of Wintertime: Missionaries and the Indians of Canada in Encounter Since 1534 (1984).

Reibetanz, John

John Reibetanz is a poet, literary critic and English Professor. He was born in 1944 in New York City, the only child of Harold and Veronica (Hanley) Reibetanz, and grew up in various places in urban and rural northeastern United States and Canada. In 1967 he married Julia Maniates in Toronto—they had three children, Stephanie Sophia, Timothy and David. Reibetanz divides his time between Toronto and a small farm near Creemore, Ontario.

Reibetanz received a B.A. with Special Honours in English from Brooklyn College (City University of New York) in 1965, followed by an M.A. (1967) and a Ph.D (1968) in English Language and Literature from Princeton University. In 1968 he was appointed Assistant Professor of English at Victoria College in the University of Toronto, and went on to become Professor in 1982. His teaching and research interests include modern and contemporary British and American poetry, 16th and 17th century poetry and drama, and Shakespeare. In his career at the University of Toronto he has served on and chaired various committees. In 1990, Reibetanz received the first Victoria University Teaching Award for excellence in teaching and course preparation.

Reibetanz’s first published book was The Lear World: a Study of King Lear in its Dramatic Context (1977), which was nominated as the University of Toronto Press entry for the Christian Gauss Prize of Phi Beta Kappa. His subsequent books have been collections of poetry: Ashbourn (1986), Morning Watch (1995), Midland Swimmer (1996), Near Finisterre (1996), Mining for Sun (2000), which was shortlisted for the 2001 ReLit Award in Poetry, and Near Relations (2005). His poems have appeared in various periodicals, including Poetry (Chicago), Quarry, Canadian literature, The Malahat Review, and The Paris Review. He has also contributed poems to anthologies, including Vintage 94 (1995), Vintage 95 (1996), and Ars Poetica (1996). Reibetanz has given poetry readings in major cities across Canada, and is a member of the League of Canadian poets. In 1995 he was a finalist for the National Magazine Awards, and in 2002 he was awarded the First Prize in the Petra Kenney poetry Competition for his poem “Night Thought.

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