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Victoria University Library - Special Collections

Bader family

Alfred Bader was born in Vienna, Austria in 1924. After Kristallnacht he was included in the first Kindertransport from Vienna to Britain in December 1938. In 1940 he was interned in a British detention centre until being transferred to another centre on Quebec’s Ile aux Noix later that year; while there he studied for McGill University’s matriculation exams, passing them in 1941. After World War II he studied chemistry and engineering at Queen’s University, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in 1945. Emigrating to the United States, he pursued graduate studies at Harvard, earning an M.Sc. in organic chemistry in 1948 and then a Ph.D. in 1949. During a sea voyage to Liverpool that year he met Isabel Overton.

After his studies Bader began work as a research chemist with PPG Co. in Milwaukee, Wisconsin from 1950–1954, and then became chief chemist for Aldrich Chemicals Company (1954–55), and subsequently its president (1955–81) and chairman (1981–91). He served as president of Sigma-Aldritch Corporation (1975–80) and its chairman (1980–91), then as chairman emeritus (1991–92). Alfred Bader became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1964. He has received honourary degrees from several universities in the United States, Canada and England. He passed away in 2018.

Isabel Louise Overton was born in northern Ontario and graduated from Victoria University in 1949 (DLittS Vic ’95). After touring England in the summer of 1949 she accepted a teaching post at St. Francis School, Bexhill-on-Sea in Sussex, where she taught drama, French and Spanish and established a costume museum. She remained there until her marriage to Alfred Bader in 1982. In 2000 the Isabel Bader Theatre was completed at Victoria University.

Massey, Raymond

Raymond Massey was an internationally recognized actor, on stage and screen. Born in Toronto in 1896, he was the son of Anna (née Vincent) and Chester Daniel Massey, the owner of the Massey-Harris Tractor Company; his brother Vincent served as Governor-General of Canada, 1952-1959.

Raymond Massey received his schooling in various Ontario institutions, including Upper Canada Academy, before attending Victoria College in the University of Toronto. At the conclusion of the 1915-1916 academic year Massey joined the Canadian Army, serving as an artillery officer in France and Siberia. After attending Balliol College, Oxford, and briefly trying his hand in the family business in Canada, Massey set sail for England, with aspirations of becoming an actor. Massey produced and directed various plays on the London stage in the 1920's and early 1930's, in addition to honing his skill as an actor in a wide range of productions; his acting roles of increasing prominence led to high profile supporting parts in British and American films such as "The Scarlet Pimpernel" (1934), "Things To Come" (1936) , "The Hurricane" (1937) and "Prisoner of Zenda" (1937). Wide acclaim followed his portrayal of the title character in the play "Abe Lincoln in Illinois", which led to his starring in the 1940 film of the same name, a performance which was rewarded with an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.

Throughout the 1940's and 1950's Massey alternated theatrical roles in notable plays with work in popular films such as "Arsenic And Old Lace" (1944) and "East Of Eden" (1955); he also appeared steadily in television productions from 1948 on. Massey also starred in "Seven Angry Men", (1955) reprising his stage persona of John Brown. In the 1960's Massey received praise for his supporting role of Dr. Gillespie on the popular television drama "Dr. Kildare". After "Kildare" Massey's performances were limited, culminating in his last appearance in the play "The Night of the Iguana", 1975-1976. During his long and stellar career he received many honours for his acting, as well his philanthropic and charitable pursuits, which included fund raising for the Red Cross and World War II publicity and entertainment service.

Raymond Massey died in 1983, predeceased by one year by his third wife, Dorothy, and survived by children Geoffrey, Daniel and Anna - the latter two having established careers in the acting profession.

Bates, Ronald Gordon Nudell

Ronald Gordon Nudell Bates, a poet, literary critic and Professor of English, was born in Regina Saskatchewan in 1924. He earned a B.A. (1948), at Victoria College, University of Toronto, and M.A. and Ph.D also from the University of Toronto. The subject of his doctoral thesis was James Joyce’s Finnegan’s Wake. His teaching career was spent at the University of Upsala (Sweden), the University of Toronto and University of Western Ontario. A member of P.E.N., selected publications of his poetry include The Wandering World (1959), The Unimaginable Circus; Theatre and Zoo (privately printed, 1965), and Changes (1968), and his poems have appeared in various periodicals. He is also the co-editor of works of criticism on Erik Lindegren and James Joyce, and the author of critical articles published in journals and a biography of Northrop Frye (1971). Married to Kirsti Helen Mottonen; his three children are Karina Anne, Peter Gerald and Lisa Lydia.

Tait, Anne

Anne Tait is a producer, writer, broadcaster and casting director. She was born in Toronto and received a B.A. from Victoria University in 1954, later earning an M.A. at the University of Toronto, 1972. She worked in CBC studios as a director’s assistant in the early days of live --and then taped -- television dramas. Later she was a casting director of feature films such as Margaret’s Museum and Mariette in Ecstasy, plus major Canadian and American television series such as Anne of Green Gables, Road To Avonlea, Philip Marlowe P.I. and Goosebumps. She has won the Female Eye Film Festival’s career achievement award, plus Victoria University’s Alumna of the Year, a Canadian Gemini and awards from film festivals in Rome and the Dominican Republic, two Anik awards, and an Emmy nomination. Tait hosted her own daily CBC radio program and the weekly public affairs television series Some of The People. She has written the widely performed play Yeats In Love, as well as producing it for stage and CBC radio. She produced the 2009 film and miniseries Iron Road – a ground-breaking co-production between Canada and China with Peter O’Toole, Sam Neill and Chinese star Sun Li. Her novel Li Jun and the Iron Road is based on this award-winning film.

Bentley, Gerald Eades

Gerald Eades Bentley Jr. was born in 1930 in Chicago, Illinois, to Gerald Eades Bentley and Esther Greenwood Felt. His father was an English professor who taught at several American universities, including the University of Chicago and Princeton, while publishing numerous books on drama. G.E. Bentley Jr. received a B.A. from Princeton in 1952, and a B.Litt. (1954) and D.Phil. (1956) from Oxford University. He specialized in literature, and wrote all three of his theses on William Blake.

After graduating in 1956 Bentley became an English instructor at the University of Chicago; in 1960 he became an assistant professor at University College at the University of Toronto, where he remained for the rest of his career, advancing from associate professor (1965) to professor of English (1967), before retiring as an emeritus professor of English in 1996. He married Anne Elizabeth Kathryne Louise Budd in 1952; they have two daughters, Sarah Elizabeth Esther and Julia Greenwood.

During Bentley’s career he spent time as a lecturer, visiting professor, and research fellow all over the world. He was a Fullbright lecturer at the Universite d’Algier in 1967–1968, the University of Poona in India, 1975–1976, and Fudan University in China, 1982–1983. He was a visiting professor at University of Hyderabad in India in 1988, and at the Australian Defence Force Academy in 1997. Bentley was also a visiting resident professor at Princeton in 1992, and a fellow at The University of Wales, 1985, National Library of Australia, 1989, Rockefeller Study Center in Bellagio, Italy, 1991, Merton College, Oxford University, 1993, and Hatfield College, Durham University, 1996.

G.E. Bentley has authored and edited numerous books and articles, primarily on William Blake. Books include Blake records: documents (1714–1841) concerning the life of William Blake (1757–1827) and his family, incorporating Blake Records (1969), Blake Records Supplement (1988), and extensive discoveries since 1988 (2004); The Stranger from Paradise: a biography of William Blake (2001); Blake books supplement: a bibliography of publications and discoveries about William Blake, 1971–1992, being a continuation of Blake Books (1977) (1995); Blake studies in Japan: a bibliography of works on William Blake published in Japan 1893–1993 (1994); ed., William Blake's Writings , 2 vols. (1978). His articles have appeared in journals such as Times Literary Supplement, New York Public Library Bulletin, and University of Toronto Quarterly.

He was a member of professional associations that included the Modern Language Association of America, the Bibliographical Society (London), the Friends of the National Libraries (London), and the Royal Society of Canada. Bentley’s academic achievements have been recognized through honours and awards that include the Fullbright lectureships, the Jenkins award for Bibliography in 1978, and election to the Royal Society of Canada in 1985.

G.E. Bentley died in Toronto in 2017.

Phillips, Michael

Michael Phillips is an internationally recognized William Blake scholar and academic. He was born to Paul Curtis Phillips and Louise Phillips in New York City and grew up in Southern California.

Phillips obtained a BA in English from Loyola University, Los Angeles, in 1963, and, in 1968, earned a PhD from Exeter; his thesis was titled The Poetical Sketches of William Blake. He also has a BPhil in Modern English Studies from Oxford.

Phillips was influenced by his friendships with Shakespearian scholar G. Wilson Knight and prominent Blake scholar Sir Geoffrey Keynes and his work on William Blake became increasingly interdisciplinary over the course of his career. He trained in printmaking techniques at the Edinburgh College of Art and became a member of the professional Edinburgh Printmakers Workshop, where he began successfully replicating Blake’s “illuminated printing” technique in studio. This printmaking training informed Phillips’ numerous publications, especially his book William Blake: The Creation of the Songs: From Manuscript to Illuminated Printing, 2000.

Phillips has taught at Oxford, University College London, the University of Edinburgh, and the University of York. He has also lectured and given Blake printmaking demonstrations internationally, including at Victoria University, University of Toronto, in 2012.

In addition, Phillips has been guest curator of William Blake exhibitions at Tate Britain and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Petit Palais in Paris, and, currently, for the Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford.

His work has been recognized with awards from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Yale Centre for British Art, British Library Centre for the Book, a British Academy Research Readership in the Humanities, Waynflete Lectureship, Magdalen College, Oxford, and the Medal of the Collège de France.

MacLure, Millar

Millar MacLure was a professor of English at Victoria College, Toronto, for thirty years. Born in 1917 at Albion Cross, Prince Edward Island, he received degrees at Acadia University (Hon. B.A. 1939), Queen's University, Kingston (M.A. 1944), and the University of Toronto (Ph.D. 1949). When his graduate studies in English literature at Johns Hopkins University were interrupted by the war in 1940, he taught at his former high school, Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown, during 1941-1943 and 1944-1945. After receiving his doctorate, he served as Professor of English and Chairman of the Department at United College, Winnipeg, 1949-1953. He returned to Toronto to teach at Victoria College until his retirement in 1983. During his distinguished professorate at Victoria and the University of Toronto Graduate Department of English, MacLure served as departmental chairman and edited The Tamarack Review (1956-1960) as well as The University of Toronto Quarterly (1960-1965). His major publications were The Paul's Cross Sermons, 1534-1642 (1958) and George Chapman: A Critical Study (1966). He also edited and co-edited several other important volumes and wrote many essays and reviews. He served as founding president of the Association of Canadian University Teachers of English for 1957-1958, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1973. MacLure died in 1990.

Heath, Jeffrey M.

Jeffrey Heath was born in 1943 in London, Ontario, where he completed his elementary and secondary school education. He began his association with Victoria College in 1961, completing a B.A. in English Language and Literature in 1965. He was elected President of the Vic Class of 6T5. After travelling in Europe during 1965-66 he returned to the University of Toronto to begin work on his M.A., completing it in 1967. He started his doctoral studies for U of T while a Resident Junior Fellow of Massey College. He lived there from 1967 to 1968. After spending a year in England doing research on Evelyn Waugh, he returned to teach at Victoria College, where he was a Lecturer from 1969 to 1975. He completed his dissertation, “Evelyn Waugh and the Comic Macabre” in 1971. He received tenure and became an Assistant Professor in 1975. In 1978 he became an Associate Professor. He was a member of the Victoria University Board of Regents from 1984 until 1990, participating actively in Victoria and Department of English committee work. In 1998 he retired to pursue his own research interests, co-editing, for some time, the University of Toronto’s Modern Drama.

In 1982 the McGill-Queen’s University Press and Weidenfeld and Nicolson published Heath’s The Picturesque Prison: Evelyn Waugh and His Writing. It was a study that had little connection with his dissertation but much to do with the research and interviews that he carried out in England later in the 1970s. During the 1980s Heath’s interests turned to Canadian Literature. He edited Profiles in Canadian Literature, Series 1–8 (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1980, 1982, 1986, 1991), a collection of 124 articles on notable Canadian literary figures. After travelling through northern India in 1985, Heath began to focus his research on the life and work of E.M. Forster. He made a series of trips (1993 to 2004) to examine the Forster papers at the Archive Centre of King’s College, Cambridge and the BBC Written Archives Centre at Caversham Park, Reading. His research has been issued in scholarly articles and in The Creator as Critic and Other Writings by E.M. Forster (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 25 February 2008).

Heath’s academic interests continue to focus on Forster and on twentieth-century British and American literature.

Jeffrey Heath lives and works in Toronto.

Jewison, Norman

Norman Jewison, Canada’s most distinguished and celebrated film director, was born in Toronto in 1926. He attended Kew Beach School, and while growing up in the 1930s displayed an aptitude for performing and theatre. He served in the Navy (1944–1945) during World War II, and after being discharged travelled in the American South, where he confronted segregation, an experience that would influence his later work.

Jewison attended Victoria College in the University of Toronto, graduating with a B.A. in 1949. As a student he was involved in writing, directing and acting in various theatrical productions, including the All-Varsity Revue in 1949. During the summer he worked as a waiter at the Banff Springs Hotel, as well as doing local theatre production. Following graduation he was determined to work in show business, preferably as an actor, and ventured to Hollywood and New York in search of opportunities.

Finding the employment prospects in the United States dim and the cost of economic survival high, Jewison came back to Toronto to drive a taxi for a living, but maintained his ambitions by acting and writing during the summer. After seeking Canadian television production work but finding it unavailable, he moved to London, England, where he worked sporadically as a script writer for a children’s show and bit part actor for the British Broadcasting Company, amid supporting himself with odd jobs. Out of work in Britain in late 1951, he accepted an offer to be a production trainee for CBC-TV in Toronto.

When CBC went on the air in the Fall of 1952, Jewison was an assistant director. During the next seven years he wrote, directed and produced a wide variety of musicals, comedy-variety shows, dramas and specials, including the “The Big Revue,” “Showtime” and “The Barris Beat.” In 1953 he married Margaret “Dixie” Dixon, a former model. They would have three children—Michael, Kevin and Jennifer—who would all pursue careers in the entertainment world, sometimes working on a Jewison film.

His reputation for high quality work was established, and in 1958 Jewison was recruited to work for CBS in New York, where his first assignment was “Your Hit Parade,” followed by “The Andy Williams Show.” The success of these shows led to directing specials featuring performers such as Harry Belafonte, Jackie Gleason, and Danny Kaye. The television production that proved pivotal to Jewison’s career was the Judy Garland “comeback” special that aired in 1961, which included Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin, and led to a weekly show that Jewison was later called in to direct. Visiting the studio during rehearsal for the special, actor Tony Curtis suggested to Jewison that he should direct a feature film.

Norman Jewison’s career as a film director began with the comedy “Forty Pounds Of Trouble” (1962), starring Curtis. The next three films he directed, including two with Doris Day, “The Thrill Of It All” (1963) and “Send Me No Flowers” (1964), were also light comedies done under contract for Universal Studios. After “The Art Of Love” (1965), Jewison was determined to escape from the genre and tackle more demanding projects. His breakthrough film proved to be “The Cincinnati Kid” (1965), a drama starring Steve McQueen, now considered one of the finest movies made about gambling. This triumph was followed in 1966 by the acclaimed satire on Cold War paranoia, “The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming,” which was the first film Jewison also produced, and was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Picture.

Continuing the string of successes was one of the films that have become closely identified with its director: “In The Heat Of the Night” (1967), a crime drama set in a racially divided Southern town and starring Sidney Poitier and Rod Steiger, won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, while Jewison was nominated for Directing. As a follow-up he directed and produced another film with McQueen, using innovative multiple screen images in the crime caper “The Thomas Crown Affair.” From that point Jewison would produce all feature films he would direct, often with associate Patrick Palmer, and would also act as producer for films directed by others, beginning with his former film editor Hal Ashby’s “The Landlord” (1970).

After the completion of the period comedy “Gaily, Gaily” (1969), Jewison, having become disenchanted with the political climate in the United States, moved the family to England. At Pinewood Studios northwest of London, and on location in Yugoslavia, he worked on what would become one of the top grossing films of all time, the musical “Fiddler On the Roof” (1971, re-issued 1979), which would win two Oscars and be nominated for five others, including Best Picture and Directing.

Jewison’s next project was the musical “Jesus Christ Superstar” (1973), based on the record album produced by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice. It was filmed in Israel, where Jewison also produced the western “Billy Two Hats” (1974), starring Gregory Peck. “Superstar,” controversial for its treatment of a sacred subject, was followed by another movie that sparked critical debate— this time the violence in “Rollerball” (1975), set in the near future where corporations ruled the world and entertainment centred around a deadly game. The next film he directed, the labor union drama “F.I.S.T.” (1978), also provided some turmoil, this time around the script adapted by star Sylvester Stallone.

In 1978 Jewison returned to Canada, settling in the Caledon area in Ontario, and establishing a farm that would produce prize winning cattle. Operating from a base in Toronto, as well as one maintained in California, he directed high profile actors Al Pacino in “…And Justice For All” (1979), and Burt Reynolds and Goldie Hawn in the romantic comedy “Best Friends,” as well as producing “The Dogs Of War” (1981) and “Iceman” (1984). During this period Jewison also acted as producer for the 53rd Annual Academy Awards (1981), which was slated to air the day President Ronald Reagan was shot, and had to be rescheduled.

Revisiting the theme of racial tension that had characterized “In The Heat Of The Night”, Jewison’s “A Soldier’s Story” (1984), based on a Pulitzer Prize winning play, was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Picture. His subsequent film was also based on an acclaimed play. The provocative “Agnes Of God,” set in a Quebec convent, starred Jane Fonda, Meg Tilly and Anne Bancroft; it received three Academy Award nominations.

Jewison’s next film proved to be one of the most popular romantic films ever made. “Moonstruck” (1987), starring Cher, was a box office hit that garnered three Academy Awards, including Cher as Best Actress. It also competed for the Oscar for Best Picture, as well as providing Jewison with his third nomination for Best Directing. During this period he became the force behind a project that had long been of interest: the Canadian Centre for Advanced Film Studies was incorporated in 1986. Renamed the Canadian Film Centre, it began operations in 1988. As founder, Norman Jewison has continued his efforts for the Centre in many capacities.

For the next decade Jewison continued to direct feature films released by major studios: “In Country” (1989), a drama concerned with Viet Nam veterans and the daughter of a war casualty; “Other People’s Money” (1991), a social comedy about greed in the 1980s; “Only You” (1994) a romantic comedy set in Italy; and Bogus (1996) a fantasy about a young boy and his imaginary friend. He also served as producer for the film “January Man” (1989), and executive producer for the Canadian movie “Dance Me Outside,” and branched back into television both as a director and producer, including the series “The Rez.”

“The Hurricane” (1999) was Jewison’s third film to explore the effects of racism, telling the story of boxer Rubin “Hurricane” Carter, who had been falsely convicted for a triple murder in New Jersey during the mid-sixties. Denzel Washington was nominated for an Oscar for his portrayal of Carter. In 1999 Jewison’s work was recognized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences when he was bestowed with the prestigious Irving G. Thalberg Award for lifetime achievement.

The Thalberg award was one of many honours Jewison has been awarded, including Honorary Degrees from Trent, Western Ontario and the University of Toronto, and being made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1992. In addition, he has received numerous tributes at Canadian and international film festivals and retrospectives, and been given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and Canada’s Walk of Fame. A park in downtown Toronto was named after him in 2001.

Norman Jewison has continued directing and producing; his latest film to be released was the thriller “The Statement” (2003), based on a novel by Brian Moore, and starring Michael Caine. In recognition of his contributions to the arts, as well as his sustained support, he was installed as Chancellor of Victoria University in 2004. That same year his autobiography “This Terrible Business Has Been Good to Me” was published, expressing the enthusiasm, conviction and creative passion that have sustained a rewarding career.

Irwin, Grace

Grace Irwin had a distinguished life as novelist, humanist and classicist. Born in Toronto in 1907, she attended Parkdale Collegiate Institute before attaining a B.A. (1929) from Victoria College, University of Toronto, and M.A. (1932) from University of Toronto. Ms. Irwin went on to a long and rewarding career teaching at Humberside Collegiate Institute, heading the Latin and Greek Department, 1942-1969. She wrote seven novels, including Least of all saints (1952), In a little place (1959), Servant of slaves : a biographical novel of John Newton (1961), Contend with horses (1969), and The seventh earl: a dramatized biography (1976), as well as poems and articles in periodicals. Grace Irwin served on the Senate, University of Toronto, 1952-1956, and received an Honorary Doctorate of Sacred Letters from Victoria University in 1991. In 1968 she was awarded the Centennial Medal of Canada, and in 2001 the Grace Irwin Secondary School Teaching Award was established by the Ontario Classical Association. Grace Irwin died in 2008.

Pratt, Viola Whitney

Viola Leone Whitney Pratt was a writer and editor of the magazine World Friends. She was born in Atherley, Ontario, the daughter of a farmer and a teacher. She married Edwin John Dove Pratt on August 20, 1918, and they had a daughter, Mildred Claire, born in 1921. She died in Toronto, Ontario on September 6, 1984.

Pratt completed Grade 8 at the age of 11, and began attending Orillia Collegiate (1903-1908), where she received Junior Matric at age 14 and Senior Matric at age 15. As she was too young to enter university, she stayed at home and studied music. After half a year of music study, she tired of it and applied for a teaching job at Zephyr, which she got and taught the second term. She entered Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1909, and graduated in 1913 with a first in three honours courses: English and History, Modern Romance Languages, and Modern Teutonic Languages. She then attended Ontario College of Education (1913-1914) and taught High School in Amherstburg, Renfrew, and St. Mary's.

In 1929, she was a founding member and editor of World Friends, a magazine for children published monthly by the Woman's Missionary Society of the United Church of Canada, and retired from the magazine in 1955. In the 1930's, she was President of the Canadian Authors' Association. She was President of the University Women's Club; founding member of the Margaret Nice Ornithological Club; member of: Victoria Women's Association, Helconian Club, White Cross Guild at the Toronto Psychiatric Hospital, and Amnesty International. From the 1930's on, Pratt addressed various groups such as university women's groups, church groups, and book clubs. She accompanied her husband, E.J. Pratt, as research assistant on his trip to British Columbia for preparation of Towards the Last Spike. Pratt read to blind students at University during and after the Second World War. She also wrote book reviews for the Globe and Mail. In 1956, Pratt was awarded a honorary degree of Doctorate of Sacred Letters from Victoria University and published two books: Famous Doctors and Journeying with the Year.

Coleman, Helena Jane

Helena Jane Coleman was a music teacher, poet and writer. She was born in Newcastle, near the Bay of Quinte, Ontario, the daughter of Francis Coleman and Emmeline Maria Adams, the sister of Albert Evander and Arthur Philemon Coleman. She resided with her brother, A.P. Coleman, in Toronto and spent summer holidays at their cottage in the Thousand Islands (“Pinehurst”). She died, unmarried, in Toronto.

Coleman was educated at Ontario Ladies’ College, Whitby, where she received the Gold Medal in Music, and became the Head of its Music Department (1880-1892). She took a one-year leave of absence to pursue post-graduate studies in music in Berlin, Germany.

Coleman contributed poems to a large number of Canadian and American journals. She was a member of the Author’s Society, the Canadian Author’s Association, the Rose Society, and the University Women’s Club in Toronto. She did not publish under her own name until the release of Songs and Sonnets in 1906. Her short stories and articles continued to appear under pseudonyms long afterwards.

Pseudonyms used included: Caleb Black, Catherine G. Brown, H.C., Helen Gray Cone, H.S.C., Hollis Cattwin, L.D. Clark, Winifred Cotter, Winnifred Cotter, A.T. Cottingham, Winnifred Ford, C.H., Mrs. R.H. Hudson, Hollis Hume, Shadwell Jones, Annie Lloyd, M.D. Merrivale, Helen Saxon, Helen A. Saxon, Emily A. Sykes, Gwendolen Woodworth.

She is also presumed to have used the following pseudonyms: Frances Alexander, C.D., Ralph Hodgson, F.G. Pearson, Maxwell Wallace, and Dorothea West.

She contributed to the following journals: Appleton’s Magazine, Associated Sunday Magazine, Atlantic Monthly, The Bellman, Bob Taylor’s Magazine, Booklover’s Magazine, Canadian Courier, Canadian Magazine, Canadian Good Housekeeping, Canadian Public Health Journal, The Churchman (New York), Collier’s, Cosmopolitan, The Delineator, The Editor: A Journal of Information for Writers, Evening Post (New York), The Globe, Good Housekeeping, Gunter’s Magazine, Hampton’s Harper’s Bazaar, Harper’s Weekly, Independent, The Interior, Ladies’ Home Journal, Ladies’ Review, Ladies’ World, Leslie’s Weekly, Lippincott’s Magazine, Literary Digest, Mail and Empire, The Metropolitan Magazine, Modern Women, National Home Journal, The National Monthly, The New Age, New England Magazine, New Idea, Northwest Magazine, Pearson’s Magazine, The Pictorial Review, The Pilgrim, The Presbyterian, Progress, The Prospector, Puck’s Magazine, The Reader Magazine, Red Book, Saturday Evening Post, Saturday Night, The Smart Set, Smith’s Magazine, Spare Moments, Star Weekly, Tom Watson’s Magazine, Twentieth Century Home, The University Magazine (Montreal), Willison’s, Women’s Home Companion.

Her publications of poetry include: Songs and Sonnets (1906), Marching Men (1917), Songs (1937).

Her collection of short stories Sheila and Others: the Simple Annals of an Unromantic Household (1920) was published under the pseudonym of Winifred Cotter.

Housser, Yvonne McKague

Yvonne McKague Housser was an artist associated with the Group of Seven. She was born in Toronto, Ontario, the daughter of Hugh Henry McKague and Louise Elliott. She married Frederick Housser, the author of A Canadian Art Movement: The Story of the Group of Seven (1926), in 1935. She died in Toronto.

Housser studied at the Ontario College of Art in Toronto (1915–1920), stayed on to teach for a year, and then studied in Paris at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, the Académie Colarossi and the Académie Ransom (1921–22). On her return to Canada, she resumed teaching at the Ontario College of Art under Arthur Lismer and first exhibited her work with the Royal Canadian Academy in 1923 and the Ontario Society of Artists in 1924, later becoming a member of both these organizations. After another year in Europe, Housser rejoined the staff of the Ontario College of Art in 1925. She was associated, along with Lismer, with the dissident Art Students’ League formed in 1926, but stayed on at the College. She exhibited in 3 Group of Seven Shows (1928–31). In 1930, she studied child art with Franz Cizek in Vienna. She made sketching trips to Northern Ontario in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s. In 1939, she went to Taos, New Mexico, with Isabel McLaughlin to study dynamic symmetry under Emil Bisttram. She retired from the Ontario College of Art in 1949 but went on to teach at the Doon School of Fine Arts in Kitchener and at the Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in Toronto (since 2001 Ryerson University). She studied under abstract expressionist Hans Hofmann in Cape Cod, Massachusetts during two summers in the 1950s and made several trips to Mexico and the West Indies during the 1950s and 1960s.

Housser was a founding member of both the Canadian Group of Painters (1933) and the Federation of Canadian Artists. She was also a member of the Toronto Theosophical Society, the Ontario Society of Artists (1927), the Royal Canadian Academy (A.R.C.A. 1942–R.C.A. 1951), and the Heliconian Club. In 1965, Housser was awarded the Baxter Purchase Award at the Ontario Society of Artists’ 47th annual exhibition for Spring Stirs the Earth. She received the Order of Canada in 1984.

A colleague of the Group of Seven, Housser’s work explored aspects of Canada’s landscape and its beauty. Her work developed and evolved towards semi-abstract and abstract expressionism. Her paintings are in the permanent collections of the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto, the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, the Art Gallery of Hamilton, Ontario, the McMichael Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario, the University of Toronto and Victoria University, Ontario, the Public Library and Art Museum in London, Ontario, and in many private collections.

Pratt, Mildred Claire

Mildred Claire Pratt was an artist, poet and editor. She was born in Toronto in 1921, the only child of Edwin John Pratt and Viola Leone Whitney Pratt. At the age of 4, Claire contracted polio and subsequently developed osteomyelitis, an inflammatory disease of the bone that afflicted her for the rest of her life. She died in Toronto, Ontario on April 5, 1995.

Pratt majored in English and Philosophy at Victoria College, University of Toronto, and upon graduation in 1944 was awarded a gold medal in Philosophy. She then enrolled at Columbia University, New York City, to pursue graduate work in International Studies. When she returned to Toronto she established Claire Pratt Book Service, a personal advisory and purchasing agency, from 1946 to 1950. Between 1952 and 1954 she worked for Harvard University Press as an editor. From 1956 to 1965 she was Senior Editor for McClelland and Stewart. In 1965, ill health forced her to retire but she continued doing free-lance work for Oxford University Press, McClelland and Stewart, Press Porcepic, and Consolidated Amethyst.

She also studied art at the Doon School of Art, Toronto, and at the Boston Museum of Fine Art. She preferred working with woodcuts and her work was exhibited at shows across Canada and in Europe. Later, she began writing poetry, and her poems were published in various poetry magazines in Canada and the United States. In 1965 she published Haiku. Her interest in genealogy was responsible for her travels to England, Newfoundland, and New Zealand, and in 1971 she published Silent Ancestors. Her other published works include Music of Oberon (1975) and Black Heather (1980). Near the end of her life she completed work on editing her mother’s writings, Papers and Speeches and Viola Pratt: A Testament of Love, a diary her mother kept of Claire’s life. Pratt belonged to several organizations, including: Amnesty International, World Federalists, and the Professional Booksellers Association where she held the position of President from 1957 to 1958.

Gisborne, Frederic Newton

Frederic Newton Gisborne was a telegraph agent, engineer and civil servant, who pioneered the construction of submarine telegraph systems. He was born in Broughton, Lancashire, England, the son of Hartley P. Gisborne. He married Alida Ellen Starr in 1850. She died in 1854, leaving him with two children. He married Henrietta Hernaman in 1857. They had four children. He died in Ottawa, Ontario.

Gisborne came to Canada in 1845 with his brother. He farmed for two years near St. Eustace, Lower Canada. He also worked as one of the first operators for the Montreal Telegraph Company, becoming its Chief Operator. In 1847 he was appointed General Manager of the British North American Electric Telegraph Association. From 1849 to 1851 he held the position of Superintendent of Telegraphs in Nova Scotia.

During the early 1850s Gisborne began to study the possibility of a submerged trans-Atlantic cable. After he received permission from the Canadian Government to conduct a preliminary survey, he traveled to the United States to find investors. He enlisted the support of several businessmen and was appointed engineer of the private company that emerged as a result. After overseeing the establishment of an overland link from Nova Scotia through New Brunswick to the United States, in 1852 he laid a small insulated cable from New Brunswick to Prince Edward Island, thereby establishing the world’s first submarine telegraph system. A second project, to lay an overland line from Newfoundland to Nova Scotia, failed, but in the winter of 1853-54 Gisborne returned to New York where he again solicited support from investors. They formed the New York, Newfoundland and London Telegraph Company. In 1854 Gisborne went to Newfoundland as Chief Engineer of the Company and Superintendent of the submarine operation. In 1856 he succeeded in laying a cable between Cape Ray, Newfoundland and Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. He was offered a permanent position as Superintendent of the new telegraph system. When he rejected the terms offered, his connection with the company and his involvement in the construction of the trans-Atlantic telegraph system, which came to fruition in 1858, ceased.

In 1857 Gisborne was elected President of the Mining Association of Newfoundland. After several years he returned to England as a mines and minerals agent for the Government of Nova Scotia. He received several British medals for scientific inventions, including electrical and signaling devices. He returned to Canada in 1869 as Chief Engineer for an English company with investments in the coalmines of Cape Breton. In 1879 he accepted the position of Superintendent of the Telegraph and Signal Service of the Dominion Government.

Gisborne was a charter member of the Royal Society of Canada, a member of the Council of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, and a member of many scientific associations.

Hoeniger, Frederick Julius David

Frederick J. David Hoeniger was born in Goerlitz, Germany in 1921. As a child he attended the Quaker School, Eerde, in Ommen, Holland, and in 1938 received an Oxford School Certificate. He later moved to Toronto where he attended Victoria College in the University of Toronto. In 1946 he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in English. He was a lecturer at the University of Saskatchewan from 1946–47, after which he returned to Victoria College as a lecturer from 1948–55. During this time he obtained a Masters (1948), and a Ph. D (1954) which he received from the University of London after becoming a British Council Scholar from 1951–53. In 1954 he also married his first wife Judith F. M. Hoeniger, with whom he had two children, Brian and Cathleen.

After 1955 Hoeniger was promoted to many positions at the University of Toronto, including Assistant Professor in 1955, Associate Professor in 1961, Professor in 1963, and Chairman of the English Department between 1969–72. He served as the first Director of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies (between 1964-69 and 1974-79) at Victoria College. He spearheaded the development of its collections and acquisitions policies, and developed many of its programs, such as the annual Erasmus Lecture. He also played a key role in the establishment of the Victoria College Renaissance Studies Program, and the CRRS Publications series.

Hoeniger was also involved with many publications. In 1960 he became associate editor of the seventh edition of Representative Poetry, and between 1971–85 he was General Editor of The Revels Plays. He also published several scholarly books including editions of Shakespeare’s Pericles, Prince of Tyre and Henry VIII, and The Growth of Natural History in Stuart England, which he co-wrote with his wife Judith, an academic scholar in her own right.

Hoeniger retired in the early 1990s and resided in Toronto with his wife Xu Xuenqing. Some of his recreations include travelling and studying ornithology. F. David Hoeniger passed away in September of 2016.

Baxter, George

George Baxter, who was trained as a lithographer and engraver, developed a process to produce colour prints from blocks and plates using oil-based inks. His aim was to provide good, inexpensive prints for popular sale and to imitate oil painting. He said of his prints, "that while their artistic beauty may procure for them a place in the Royal palaces throughout Europe, the prices at which they are retailed introduces them to the humblest cottages."

He was the first printer successfully to use oil-based inks. He first began to print with a succession of wood blocks, but later used metal plates as well, often printing the basic design from a steel engraving. In many cases aquatint, mezzotint, and even lithograph were introduced into the process, some prints requiring over thirty blocks. The press-work at Baxter's establishment must have been superb in order to keep so many impressions in perfect register. It seems particularly remarkable when one learns that he used Stanhope and Cogger presses, machines already outdated by some thirty years at the time he was using them.

In order to produce a number or ornamental prints resembling a highly-coloured painting, whether in oil or water colours according to my invention, I proceed first to have the design engraved on a copper or steel plate. ...By thus colouring such descriptions of impressions the result will be that the prints produced will be more exquisite in their finish, more correct in their outline, and more soft and mellow in their appearance.

Unfortunately the process was much less a commercial than an artistic success, and Baxter was constantly in debt. In 1849 he applied, pleading poverty and debt, to have his patent extended. Although the application was opposed by George Leighton, an old pupil of Baxter's, the extension was granted. In giving judgement, Lord Brougham advised Baxter to grant licences, he said that the process was of "public utility," but seemed sorry that the public benefited more than Baxter.

Baxter retired from active business in 1860, but the sale of his prints and materials was a failure and much of the material was bought in by the auctioneer. He began to republish his prints late in 1864 or early in 1865. Later in 1865 he became bankrupt. On January 11, 1867, Baxter died as the result of injuries received in an omnibus accident. After his death his prints were published as Baxter Prints by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son and as their own by Le Blond & Co., his licencees.

Grant, John Webster

John Webster Grant was a United Church clergyman, an editor, and an academic. He was born in Truro, Nova Scotia, the son of William P. Grant and Margaret Dorothy Waddell. He married Gwendolyn Margaret Irwin in 1944. Gwendolyn died in 2002.

Grant was educated at Pictou Academy (1931–35) and Dalhousie University in Halifax where he received a B.A. in 1938 and an M.A. in Philosophy in 1941. He attended Princeton University, New Jersey, on a foreign scholarship for graduate studies in Politics (1938–39), Pine Hill Divinity Hall, Nova Scotia, where he received a Certificate in Theology (1939–40, 1942–43), and Oxford University in England where he received a D. Phil. (1946–48).

Grant was a minister in West Bay, Nova Scotia in 1943, in Chelsea, Quebec from 1943 to 1945, and in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1949. He served as Director of Information to non-Roman Catholic Churches, Wartime Information Board between 1943 and 1945 and was a Chaplain in the Royal Canadian Navy in 1945 and from 1952 to 1959. He was Editor-in-Chief, Ryerson Press from 1960 to 1963. Grant was appointed Sessional Lecturer in Systematic Theology at Pine Hill Divinity Hall (1945–46), Professor of Church History at Union College, University of British Columbia (1949–59), visiting Professor at United College of South India and Ceylon during a sabbatical (1957–58), and Professor of Church History at Emmanuel College, Victoria University, Toronto (1963–84). As a member of the United Church of Canada he served on several committees, including the Committee on Worship and the Committee planning Hymn Book for Anglican Church and United Church. He was a member of several university departments and committees at the Toronto School of Theology, the University of Toronto, the Centre for Religious Studies and Victoria University. He also was a member of several associations and other organizations, including the Canadian Society of Church History, the Canadian Historical Association and the Association of Theological Schools. He received a number of awards, including Honourary D.D.’s at Union College, British Columbia (1961), Pine Hill Divinity Hall (1962), and Trinity College, University of Toronto (1981).

Grant has published extensively (articles, introductions, contributions to books), edited several publications, participated in the creation of Calvinism and Work (phonotape: Learning Systems, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) and written/edited the following books: World Church: Achievement or Hope? (1956), Free Churchmanship in England, 1870–1940 (1958), God’s People in India (1959), The Ship under the Cross (1960), George Pidgeon: a Biography (1962), The Churches and the Canadian Experience (1963), God Speaks...we answer: a Handbook for Lay Leaders of Adult Worship (1965), The Canadian Experience of Church Union (1967), Salvation! O the Joyful Sound: the Selected Writings of John Carroll (1967), The Church in the Canadian Era: the First Century of Confederation (1972), Die unierten Kirchen (1973), and Moon of Wintertime: Missionaries and the Indians of Canada in Encounter Since 1534 (1984).

Pratesi, Mario

Mario Pratesi was an Italian teacher and respected author. He was born in Santa Fiora on Mont’Amiata near Grosseto, Italy, in 1842. Following the death of his mother when he was four years old, he continued to suffer from intense depression, eventually being hospitalized. After being released from the sanatorium he moved to Florence, with the ambition of becoming a writer. Financial necessity compelled him to earn his living as a teacher, however he wrote extensively in his free time, producing newspaper articles, book reviews, memorials, short stories, novellas, travel accounts, and novels, including Memorie del mio amico Tristano (1872), L’eredita (1889), Il Mondo di Dolcetta (1896, 1916), Le Perfidie del caso (1898) and Il Peccato del dottore. Pratesi retired from teaching in 1906, devoting his time to writing despite the hardships of terminal illness and poverty. Pratesi died in 1921.

Clarke, Ernest George

Ernest George Clarke was a theologian and an academic. He was born in Varna, Ontario, the son of Melvin E. McK. Clarke and Eva M. Epps. He married Ruth G. Hunt in 1951. They had four children, Ernest Paul, Margaret Jean, Patricia Helen and David William. He died in Toronto, Ontario.

Clarke received a B.A. in 1949 from Victoria College, University of Toronto, a B.D. in 1952 from Emmanuel College of Victoria University (Toronto), and a Ph.D. in 1962 from the University of Leiden, The Netherlands. He was professor of Old Testament Studies at Queen’s Theological College in Kingston, Ontario for several years and returned to Victoria College in 1961 as senior tutor and Professor of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Toronto. Clarke achieved great distinction in Targumim scholarship (Aramaic version of “Old Testament” books), was President of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies (1967-68), a Fellow of the Institute of Advanced Studies in Jerusalem, Acting Principal of Victoria College (1988-89), Acting Director of the Graduate Centre for Religious Studies at the University of Toronto (1989-90), and Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Victoria College. He was a member of the International Organization for the Study of Targums and the International Society for the Study of the Old Testament.

Clarke published many books, articles and reviews, including: The Selected Questions of Isho’ Bar Nun (1962), Wisdom of Solomon (1972), Targum Pseudo-Jonathan of the Pentateuch: Text and Concordance (1984), Targum Pseudo-Jonathan: Numbers, Translated with Notes (1995).

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor

Victoria University Library holds a research collection of international importance containing manuscripts, papers and printed books belonging to Samuel Taylor Coleridge and others of his circle, including Wordsworth, Southey and Lamb. It provides an especially rich resource for the study of Coleridge's private papers and informal conversation.

Extensive secondary materials are also held in the collection to support Coleridge studies.

Most specialists know of the existence of the S. T. Coleridge Collection of manuscripts and rare books at Victoria University, but probably few are familiar with the scope and depth of materials which place the collection, according to The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, second in importance for Coleridge studies only to that of the British Museum

Clark, Kenneth Mackenzie

Kenneth Mackenzie Clark (1903–1983) was a patron and inspector of the arts. He was born in London, England, the only child of Kenneth Mackenzie Clark and Margaret Alice McArthur. He married Elizabeth Winifred (’Jane’) Martin. She died in 1976; they had a son, politician Alan Clark, and a twin son and daughter. In 1977 he married Nolwen, former wife of Edward Rice and daughter of Frederic, Comte de Janzé. Clark died in Hythe, Kent, England.

Kenneth Clark was educated at Winchester and won a scholarship to Trinity College, Oxford, where he gained a second class in modern history in 1925. In the autumn of 1925 art historian Bernhard Berenson asked him to assist him in the revision of his corpus of Florentine drawings. In 1929 he was offered the task of cataloguing Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings held at Windsor Castle. He also helped organize an exhibition of Italian painting at the Royal Academy. In 1931 he was appointed keeper of the department of fine art at the Ashmolean in Oxford. In 1933 he was appointed director of the National Gallery in London (1934–45) and shortly afterwards surveyor of the King’s Pictures (1934–44). During the war he served in the Ministry of Information (1939–41). In 1946 he resigned from the National Gallery to devote himself to his writing. Between 1946 and 1950 he was Slade Professor of fine art at Oxford. He also became known as a broadcaster in such programmes as The Brain’s Trust. As a collector-patron of the arts he supported several artists including Henry Moore. In 1939–40 he was involved with the setting up of the Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts, which subsequently became the Arts Council of which he was chairman between 1953 and 1960. From 1954 to 1957 he was chairman of the Independent Television Authority. In 1966 the programme series Civilisation was mooted with the BBC and finally broadcast in 1969. He was Chancellor of York University from 1969–79 and a trustee of the British Museum.

Clark received the following honours: KCB (1938), FBA (1949), CH (1959), life peerage (1969) and OM (1976). Universities and academies in Britain, America, France, Spain, Italy, Sweden, Austria and Finland conferred Honourary degrees, fellowships, and distinctions on him. He was appointed to the Conseil Artistique des Musées Nationaux, Paris. His publications include: The Gothic Revival (1928), Catalogue of the Windsor Leonardo Drawings (1935), Leonardo da Vinci. An Account of his Development as an Artist (1939), Piero della Francesca (1951), The Nude (1956), The Gothic Revival (1962), Rembrandt and the Italian Renaissance (1966), Civilization (1969), Blake and Visionary Art (1973), and The Romantic Rebellion: Romantic versus Classic Art (1986).

Source: The Dictionary of National Biography, 1981–1985 / Lord Blake and C.S. Nicholls. / – Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990

Grant, Duncan

Duncan Grant was a British painter and member of the Bloomsbury Group. Born in Inverness, Scotland, his earliest years were spent in India and Burma, before returning to England in 1894 to attend St. Paul’s school in London, where he was under the care of his aunt and uncle, the parents of Lytton Strachey. He attended the Westminster School of Art in 1902, and a few years after that met members of what was to become the Bloomsbury Group. After a year in Paris he returned to London to become a regular at Bloomsbury gatherings, and in 1911 he worked on his first major commission. From 1914 on he lived and worked with Vanessa Bell, a relationship that would last nearly fifty years despite the fact she was married to Clive Bell. During World War I Grant was a pacifist who was eventually recognized as a conscientious objector. His first one-man exhibition was in 1920, and until the late 1930’s he was recognized as one of the most important British artists. He travelled widely with Vanessa Bell in Europe, and continued painting and travelling after her death in 1961. He died in 1978.

Edgar, Oscar Pelham

Oscar Pelham Edgar was a teacher and an academic. He was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of James David Edgar and Matilda Ridout. He married Helen Madeline Boulton in 1893. She died in 1933. He married to Dona Gertrude Cameron Waller in 1935. They had one daughter, Katharine Jane. He died in Canton, Ontario.

Edgar was educated at Upper Canada College. He received his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1892 and a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland in 1897. He began his teaching career as modern-language master at Upper Canada College (1892-1895). He was appointed to the staff of the Department of French at Victoria College, Toronto, as Lecturer in 1897, then as Head from 1901 to 1910. He also began to lecture in the Department of English in 1902, later transferring permanently to the latter, where he held full professional rank until 1938 and served as Head for twenty-eight years.

Edgar was a member of the Athenaeum Club, London, England; of the Canadian Society of Authors where he served as Secretary; of the Tennyson Club, Toronto, where he served as President; of the Modern Language Association, Ontario, where he served as President; of the Ontario Education Society, where he served as Secretary from 1908 to 1909; and of the Canadian Writers’ Foundation which was founded by Edgar. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1915 and received its Lorne Pierce Medal for distinguished service to Canadian literature in 1936.

Edgar published many reviews and articles, along with three monographs: A Study of Shelley with Special Reference to his Nature Poetry (1899), Henry James, Man and Author (1927), The Art of the Novel from 1700 to the Present Time (1933). He also contributed a chapter on Canada to The Cambridge History of English Literature (1916), and acted as Canadian advisor for the Dictionary of National Biography (1911). Some autobiographical material was published posthumously under the title Across my Path (1952), edited by Northrop Frye, including a complete bibliography of Edgar's publications, compiled by Margaret Ray.

Woolf, Leonard

Leonard Woolf was a writer, editor and book publisher who was also active politically. He was born in London in 1880, the third of ten children of Solomon Rees Sydney and Marie Woolf. After earning a Cambridge B.A. (1902) he served in the civil service in Ceylon, before returning to England and marrying Virginia Stephen in 1912. From that point on the Bloomsbury Group, which traced its roots to Woolf’s days at Cambridge, and included Clive Bell, John Maynard Keynes and Lytton Strachey, began to emerge as an artistic and intellectual force. In 1913 Woolf published his first novel, The Village and the Jungle.

During World War I Woolf was a pacifist who became heavily involved in political and social issues; an activity that would carry on after the War. To provide a hobby for Virginia – who was suffering from manic depression – Woolf launched the Hogarth Press in 1917. After initially publishing small books by friends such as T.S. Eliot , E.M. Forster and Katherine Mansfield, it evolved into a prestigious publishing house; its titles included Virginia Woolf’s Jacob’s Room and Eliot’s The Waste Land. Woolf continued to work as the Hogarth director after Virginia’s suicide in 1941, until his death in 1969.

Davey, Keith

Keith Davey was a sales manager, National Campaign Director for the Liberal Party Canada, a Senator, and a communications consultant. He was born in Toronto, Ontario, the son of Charles Minto Davey and Grace Viola Curtis. He married Catherine Isobel Hart in 1952. They had three children, Douglas, Ian and Catherine. They separated in 1975. He married Dorothy Elizabeth Petrie in 1978.

Davey was educated at North Toronto Collegiate Institute. He received a B.A. from Victoria College, University of Toronto in 1949. After graduation Davey became a Sales Manager for CKFH, a Toronto radio station (1949-60). He entered politics in 1960 as a campaign organizer for his home riding of Eglinton and was appointed National Campaign Director of the Liberal Party Canada in 1961, 1962, 1963 and 1965; concurrently National Organizer of the Party and Executive Director, of the Liberal Party of Canada until his appointment to the Senate in 1966. He was Chairman of the Special Senate Committee on Mass Media in 1970; and Co-Chairman of the Liberal National Campaign in 1973, 1979, 1980, and 1984 (last half). He was Commissioner of the Canadian Football League in 1967; a member of the Board of Governors of Toronto Central Hospital, the Canadian Oldtimers Hockey Association, and the United Church; Chairman of the Advisory Board of Alcohol and Drug Concerns, Inc.; Director of the Shaw Festival; and member of the Editorial Advisory Board of The Journal. Upon his retirement from the Senate in 1996 his friends and colleagues created an endowment to establish an annual lecture at Victoria University.

In 1969 Davey established his own communications consultancy, Keith Davey Limited. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1999. Davey published a political memoir, The Rainmaker – a Passion for Politics, in 1986.

Keith Davey died in Toronto in 2011.

Ide, Thomas Ranald

Thomas Ranald (Ran) Ide was born in Ottawa on February 20, 1919 to Lola Scharfe and Richard Mold Ide. He moved with his family to Saint John, N.B., where he went to high school. After graduating from Mount Allison University, he taught at Pickering College, Newmarket, Ontario, where he met his first wife Eleanor Aylesworth. During WWII, Ran Ide served as a navigator in the RCAF and afterwards, returned to teaching at the Port Arthur Collegiate Institute.

Eleanor and Ran had three children Richard, John and Douglas. In 1953, Eleanor was struck by polio and lived the next twelve years as a quadriplegic until her death in 1964. During this period, television played an important role in the household. TV, as Ran saw it, could bring the classroom into a hospital room, the home, or isolated community and he immediately starting promoting its potential as a powerful educational tool.

After spending twenty years in Port Arthur, Thunder Bay, and Fort William as a teacher, principal, inspector and superintendent of secondary schools, Ran Ide was asked in 1966 by the Honourable William G. Davis to establish a branch responsible for educational television within the Ontario Department of Education. When the Ontario Educational Communications Authority, better known as TVOntario, was created in 1970, Mr. Ide was appointed its first Chairman and CEO.

Following his retirement in 1979, he established T. R. Ide Consultants Inc. with his second wife Arlene Miles and, among other activities, chaired the federal Department of Communication’s Research Advisory Board (CRAB), the Science Council of Canada’s Committee on Computers and Communications and served as acting Vice-President of Planning at the CBC.

Ran Ide held honorary doctorates from Queen’s and Waterloo universities. He was a Fellow of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, the Ontario Teachers’ Federation, the World Academy of Art and Science and was an active member of the international Club of Rome. In 1996, he was made an Officer of The Order of Canada. Ran Ide died of leukemia in October of 1996.

Macpherson, Jean Jay

Jean Jay Macpherson was an award winning Canadian poet. She was born in 1931 in London, England, to James Ewan Macpherson and Dorothy Macpherson. She immigrated to Canada in 1940 with her mother and younger brother Andrew as a “war guest”, living in St. John’s, Newfoundland, with a local family for four years before joining her mother and brother in Ottawa where her mother worked for the National Film Board.

She received a BA in classics, German, and philosophy from Carlton College in 1951, followed by a Library Science degree from McGill University. She obtained her MA in English in 1955 and PhD in 1964 from the University of Toronto where she was mentored by Northrop Frye, with whom she later co-wrote Biblical and Classical Myths: The Mythological Framework of Western Culture. She spent her career teaching in the Department of English at Victoria College, University of Toronto.

Jay Macpherson's work was heavily influenced by her mentors Northrop Frye, George Johnston, and Robert Graves. She published her first poem at age 15 and her poems regularly appeared in Canadian poetry magazines such as Contemporary Verse and The Fiddlehead. In the 1950s and early 1960s she ran her own small press, Emblem Books, and produced eight chapbooks by emerging poets, starting with her own O Earth Return in 1954. Her publications include Nineteen Poems (1952), The Boatman (1957), Welcoming Disaster (1974), a high school mythology textbook Four Ages of Man (1962), The Spirit of Solitude: Conventions and Continuities in Late Romance (1982), as well as numerous papers on the connections between The Magic Flute and Freemasonry.

She has received the E.J. Pratt Medal, the Levinson Prize, and the Governor-General's Literary Award for her poetry.

Boissonneau, Alice

Alice Boissonneau (née Eedy) was a novelist and short story writer who also published a notable memoir of life in Toronto. Born in Walkerton, Ontario in 1918, she was raised in St. Marys, Ontario, and graduated from Victoria College, University of Toronto, in 1939. While working as a hospital social worker in Toronto and Vancouver she wrote short stories that appeared in the Canadian Forum, Alphabet and Exile: A Literary Quarterly, and also wrote for the Anthology series on CBC radio. After marrying Arthur Boissonneau, a specialist in forestry, Alice began writing fiction in the isolation of northern Ontario. The novel Eileen McCullough was shortlisted in 1977 for the W.H. Smith/Books in Canada First Novel Award, and was followed by A Sudden Brightness (1994). The memoir Stories from Toronto was published in 1992. Alice Boissonneau died in 2007.

Carman, William Bliss

William Bliss Carman (1861–1929) was an editor, essayist and poet. He was born in Fredericton, New Brunswick, the son of William Carman and Sophia Mary Bliss. He died in New Canaan, Connecticut.

He went to Collegiate Grammar School in Fredericton with his cousin Charles G.D. Roberts. He graduated from the University of New Brunswick in 1881 after which he attended Edinburgh University in Scotland for two years. In 1883, he returned to Fredericton where he taught at Collegiate Grammar School and read law, receiving an M.A. in 1884. From 1886 to 1888, he did post graduate work in history and philosophy at Harvard. Subsequently, he was employed on the editorial staffs of various literary publications in New York, Chicago and Boston, including The Atlantic, Cosmopolitan, Current Literature, The Chapbook, The Independent, Literary World, and The Outlook.

In 1896, Carman met Dr. Morris Lee King and his wife, Mary Perry King. He collaborated with Mrs. King on The Making of Personality (1908) and on several other books, brochures, masques and interpretive dances. In 1908, he met Madeleine Galbraith at a reception following her appearance in a play at Hart House, University of Toronto. The same year, Carman moved to New Canaan, Connecticut, near the King’s estate, where he devoted the later years of his life solely to writing poetry.

In 1925, Carman was made Corresponding Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1906 he was awarded an LL.D. by the University of New Brunswick, and in 1928 he received the Lorne Pierce Gold Medal from the Royal Society of Canada. Posthumously, he received a medal from the Poetry Society of America.

Some of Carman’s publications include poetry collections: Low Tide on Grand Pré: A Book of Lyrics (1893), Behind the Arras: A Book of the Unseen (1894), Songs from Vagabondia (1894–1900), A Seamark: A Threnody for Robert Louis Stevenson (1895), From the Book of Myths (1902), The Pipes of Pan (1902–1905), The Green Book of the Bards (1903), Songs of the Sea Children (1904), Collected Poems: In Two Volumes (1904), The World’s Best Poetry (1904), Sappho: One Hundred Lyrics (1905), Echoes from Vagabondia (1912), Daughters of Dawn: A Lyrical Pageant or Series of Historic Scenes for Presentation with Music and Dancing (1913), Earth Deities and Other Masques (1914), Later Poems (1922), Wild Garden (1929), The Music of Earth (1931). Essays and other works of non-fiction: The Kinship of Nature (1903), The Poetry of Life (1904), The Making of Personality (1908), Talks on Poetry and Life (1926), The Oxford Book of American Verse (1927).

Toppings, Earle

Earle Toppings was an editor at The Ryerson Press, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education and CBC Radio Drama. He was born in Regina, Saskatchewan, in 1931, and grew up near Kipling. After attending high school in Kipling, Vancouver, and Surrey, B.C., he attained a B.A. at the University of British Columbia, and then graduated from the Academy of Radio Arts in Toronto. Beyond his editing career he also worked as a newscaster, producer and program director at CBC and other radio stations, and taught in Radio and Television Arts at Ryerson University, where he produced Canada's first course for university credit by radio, broadcast by Ryerson's Open College in 1976. Before becoming an Art advisor (Toppings Art), he was producer and interviewer for Canadian Writers on Tape and Canadian Poets on Tape. A volunteer at the Art Gallery of Ontario and other institutions, he and his wife Iris reside in Toronto.

Horning, Lewis Emerson

Lewis Emerson Horning was a teacher and an academic. He was born in Norwich, Ontario, the son of James Horning and Eliza Macklem. He married Beatrice Lillian Nixon in 1885. She died in 1912. He married Grace McRae Cooper in 1916. He had one son and two daughters. He died in Toronto.

Horning was educated at Brantford Collegiate Institute. He received a B.A. from Victoria University, Toronto, in 1884 and went on to study at the University of Breslau, Germany, the University of Göttingen, Germany, where he received a Ph.D. in 1891, and the University of Leipzig, Germany.

Horning was a teacher at Peterborough Collegiate Institute (1884-86). He was appointed Assistant Professor Classics and Modern Languages (1886-91), Professor German and Old English (1891-1905), and Professor Teutonic Philology (1905-25) at Victoria University. He was Chief Examiner at the Education Department of Ontario for several terms and Honourary President of the French and German Club. He received the Prince of Wales medal and the silver medal in Philosophy at Victoria University.

Horning’s publications include: Exercises in German Composition (1895), Materials for German Composition (1901), A Bibliography of Canadian Fiction (1904), The German Drama of the Nineteenth Century (1909), and Syllabus of Lectures on the Outlines of German Literature (1909).

Coleman, Albert Evander

Albert Evander Coleman was a journalist and writer. He was born in Perth, Ontario, the son of Francis Coleman and Emmeline Maria Adams, the brother of Arthur Philemon and Helena Jane Coleman. He died in New York, USA.

A.E. Coleman was educated at Newcastle grammar school and British American College, Hamilton. He became a journalist in 1875 and worked for the New York Herald for over 40 years. His publications include: History of the America’s Cup (1905), History of New York Herald (1924-25, published serially in the Editor and Publisher), The Romantic Adventures of Rosy the Octoroon (1929).

James, Charles Canniff

Charles Canniff James was an academic, a civil servant, a book collector and an authority on Canadian history and literature. He was born in Napanee, Ontario, the son of Charles James and Ellen Canniff. He married Frances Lillian Crossen in 1887 with whom he had one son, Wilfred Crossen James. He died in St. Catherine’s, Ontario.

James was educated at Napanee High School and Victoria College, Cobourg, Ontario, where he received a B.A. in 1883 and an M.A. in 1886. James was appointed Assistant Master at Cobourg Collegiate Institute (1883-86), Professor of Chemistry at Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph (1886-91), Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Government of Ontario (1891-1912), Commissioner to administer Dominion Agricultural Instruction Act (1912-14), and Member of the Federal Board of Enquiry into the Cost of Living (1914).

James was elected Director of the Canadian Seed Growers’ Association, President of the Ontario Historical Society (1902-04), Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1905), Member of the Canadian Olympic Committee (1908), Member of the Senate of the University of Toronto, Member of the Board of Regents of Victoria College, and Member of the Advisory Board of Acta Victoriana. He was awarded the Gold Medal in Natural Science, Victoria College in 1883, created Commander of St. Michael and St. George in 1911, and awarded LL.D. at the University of Toronto in 1912.

James was a generous benefactor of the Victoria University Library, donating the Canadiana collection and the Alfred Tennyson collection.

James’ publications include: Agriculture (1898), A Bibliography of Canadian Poetry (English) (1899), The First Legislature of Upper Canada (1902), The Second Legislature of Upper Canada (1903), The Downfall of the Huron Nation (1907), A Tennyson Pilgrimage: And Tennyson, the Imperialist (1910), William Dummer Powell (1912), David William Smith: A Supplementary Note to the Upper Canada Election of 1792 (1913), and A History of Farming in Ontario (1914).

Moritz, Albert Frank

Albert Frank (A.F.) Moritz is a prolific poet who has published numerous acclaimed collections and contributed to many anthologies and periodicals. He was born in Niles, Ohio in 1947. His father was a teacher and later a professor of biology and science education; his mother was a grade school teacher. In 1969 he received a B.A. in Journalism from Marquette University, and he later earned an M.A. and Ph.D (English) from that institution. He came to Canada in 1974 with his wife Theresa (Carrothers) and son Blaise (born 1971). Since arriving in Toronto Moritz has worked in a number of occupations, including advertising copywriter and executive, editor and publisher (Watershed Books), and has held various university teaching positions. Through the years he has won distinguished awards for his poetry, including a Guggenheim Fellowship, 1990, and Selection to the Princeton Series of Contemporary Poets, 1984.

Knister, Raymond

Raymond Knister was an editor, a writer and a poet. He was born in Essex County, Ontario, the son of Robert Knister. He married Myrtle Gamble in 1927. They had two children. He drowned on Lake Saint Clair near Stoney Point.

Knister attended Victoria College, University of Toronto (1919-20) and took courses at Iowa State University, Iowa City (1923-24). He became associate editor of The Midland in 1923. He contributed many short stories and poems to The Midland, This Quarter (Paris) and Transition, along with other American and Canadian avant-garde magazines.

Knister was the editor of Canadian Short Stories (1928) and the author of White Narcissus (1929), My Star Predominant (1934), and Collected Poems (1949).

Woolf, Virginia

The writer Virginia Woolf was born to Leslie Stephen and Julia Princip in 1882. Her father’s conventional views on education precluded her from attending university; however she began to review books for the Times Literary Supplement, and in 1905, along with friends and relatives, including Vanessa Bell, Clive Bell, Leonard Woolf, and John Maynard Keynes, formed what became known as the Bloomsbury Group. She married Leonard Woolf in 1912, and five years later they founded the Hogarth Press. Woolf’s first novel, The Voyage Out, was published in 1915, and was followed by a number of critically acclaimed others; she also gained renown as a journalist and literary critic, and as a writer of non-fiction works such as A Room of One’s Own (1929). A victim of recurring depression, Woolf’s mental condition was exacerbated by the Second World War. She committed suicide by drowning in March 1941.

Gilmour, David

David Gilmour was born in London, Ontario, in 1949. He grew up in Toronto’s Forest Hill neighbourhood, and attended Upper Canada College in Toronto from 1959 to 1967. After being expelled from Upper Canada College after grade 12, he finished his last year of high school at Muskoka Lakes College. He then completed a degree in French Literature at the University of Toronto and the University of Toulouse, graduating from the University of Toronto with an Honours BA in 1972. For several years after graduation Gilmour explored different pursuits, including acting, and subsequently completed a Bachelor of Education at the University of Toronto. Gilmour also did graduate work at Victoria College, University of Toronto, in Comparative Literature, studying under Northrop Frye. In 1980 he became managing editor for the Toronto Film Festival, serving in that role for four years. He was married to Anne Mackenzie during this period and had a daughter, Maggie. By 1985 he had married his second wife, actor Maggie Huculak; their son Jesse was born that year.

Gilmour’s first novel, Back on Tuesday, was published in 1986. Shortly thereafter, based on the critical success of his first book, he began working for the CBC as a film critic for The Journal, where he went on to review more than three hundred films. After being promoted to host of The Journal’s Friday night arts and entertainment segment in 1990, he became the host of his own CBC Newsworld show, Gilmour on the Arts, which won a Gemini Award in 1997. During this time Gilmour published his second novel, How Boys See Girls (1991). His third novel, An Affair with the Moon, was published in 1993. Gilmour on the Arts ran until 1997, at which time Gilmour left television to focus primarily on writing.

Gilmour worked with editor Dennis Lee on his fourth novel, Lost Between Houses (1999). It was a national bestseller, and was nominated for the Trillium Book Award. His fifth novel, Sparrow Nights was published in 2001, followed by his most successful and critically acclaimed book, A Perfect Night to Go to China (2005), which won the Governor General’s Literary Award for fiction, and has been published in Russian, French, Thai, Italian, French, Dutch, Bulgarian, Turkish and Serbian. In 2007 The Film Club, a non-fiction work about his relationship with his teenage son, received enthusiastic reviews and reached a wide readership.

Gilmour has been an arts contributor and reviewer for the Toronto Star, The Globe and Mail, Toronto Life, The Walrus, as well as other publications. He has also written screenplays and worked as a government speechwriter for Ministries of Industry, Trade and Technology, and of Citizenship and Culture; and written and narrated shows about Patrick Watson (2005) and William Hutt (2006) for CBC’s Life and Times, as well writing the profile of Michael Cohl (2006) for that program.

David Gilmour is married to Tina Gladstone and currently lives in Toronto’s Kensington Market.

Reynar, Alfred Henry

Alfred Henry Reynar was a minister and an academic. He was born in Quebec City, the son of James Reynar and Ellen Connor. He married Fanny M. Punshon in 1871. She died in 1873. He married Ida Hayden in 1876. He died in Toronto.

Reynar was educated at Quebec High School. He received a B.A. in 1862 and an M.A. in 1869 at Victoria University, Toronto. He later studied in Paris, France and in Berlin and Leipzig in Germany for two years (after 1866). He was ordained as Methodist minister in 1866.

Reynar was appointed Tutor in Classics, then Instructor in French at Victoria College (1862). He became Professor of Modern Languages and English Literature at Victoria University in 1866, Professor of Church History at the Faculty of Theology in 1871, Dean of the Faculty of Arts (1888-1910), Head of the Commission on Bilingual Schools in 1889, Member of the Senate of the University of Toronto in 1890, and President of the Bay of Quinte Methodist Conference in 1902. He received the Prince of Wales Medal, Victoria College in 1862, and LL.D. at Victoria University in 1889. In 1896 Reynar published Over-legislation in Church and State.

Rowell Jackman, Mary Coyne

Mary Rowell Jackman was born in 1904, the daughter of Nellie Langford Rowell and Newton Rowell, a prominent Ontario politician and lawyer. She grew up in the Rosedale area of Toronto, spending summers at a cottage on Lake Simcoe, and travelling abroad extensively with her parents. After schooling at King’s Hall in Compton, Quebec, Mary attended Victoria College in the University of Toronto, graduating with a BA in 1925; further study was then done at the London School of Economics. While in England she also took a YWCA leadership course, and developed a strong interest in psychology.

Throughout her academic years Mary had been a keen member of the Student Christian Movement, an organization that employed her as a full-time women’s secretary at the University of Toronto, 1928–1929. The following year she married Henry Rutherford Jackman (1900–1979), a Toronto financier and lawyer with strong ties to the Conservative Party. The wedding took place at the Metropolitan United Church in Toronto, where in ensuing years Mary would organize a nursery school, work in a World War II service unit, help administer a donation for the church’s upkeep, serve as president of the Afternoon Women's Association and Afternoon Women's Missionary Society, and co-author a history of the church.

Mary was also busy at home, raising four children: Henry Rowell, 1932; Eric, 1934; Edward, 1940; and Nancy, 1942. In addition, she volunteered her time at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry, and on the Art Gallery of Ontario’s women’s committee, as well as working with the Ontario Society of Artists. Her commitment to Victoria University – following a Rowell family tradition – was embodied in her serving on the Senate, Board of Regents, Board of Management, and Art Committee. She also continued to travel abroad frequently, including a round–the–world trip in 1954 and 1964.

After being given A Room of One’s Own as a wedding present by her mother, Mary maintained an interest in the writings of Virginia Woolf. She began collecting first editions of Woolf's books on the advice of a Victoria University English professor, and her acquisitions then expanded to include works by other Bloomsbury Group members and the Hogarth Press. Mary donated these valuable books to the Women's Residence Library at Victoria University in honour of her mother and aunt; the entire collection was subsequently moved to the E.J. Pratt Library.

Mary Rowell Jackman continued an active life to the end of the 1980s, supporting women’s causes and keeping in touch with political issues. Her contributions were recognized by honorary degrees from Victoria University and the University of Toronto, and in 1993 – the year before her death – she was nominated for the Order of Canada.

In 2005, “Mary Rowell Jackman: A Person in Her Own Right”, a documentary chronicling her life, comissioned by Nancy Ruth, was produced by Sky Works.

Bell, Quentin

Quentin Bell was an author, artist, critic and biographer of his aunt, Virginia Woolf. He was born in London in 1910, to Clive and Vanessa Bell, who was Woolf’s sister; his parents separated when he was six. He studied art in Paris before mounting his first exhibition, and in 1947 published his first book, On Human Finery. Bell went on to publish more non-fiction books, as well as a novel. During his career he was a lecturer in art education at King’s College, Newcastle, and a professor of fine art at Oxford and the University of Leeds; he was also chair of history and theory of art at the University of Sussex. He received much acclaim when his biography of Virginia Woolf was published in 1972; and in 1996, the year of his death, his memoir Bloomsbury Recalled was hailed as a significant contribution to the history of that creative group. Bell was survived by his wife Anne Olivier Bell, and three children.

Sparshott, Francis Edward

Francis Edward Sparshott (1926–2015) was an academic and a poet. He was born in Chatham, England, the son of Frank Brownley and Gladwys Winifred Head. He married Kathleen Elizabeth Vaughan in 1953. They had one daughter, Pumpkin Margaret Elizabeth.

Sparshott was educated at the King’s School in Rochester, England. He received a B.A. and an M.A. (1950) from Corpus Christi College, Oxford, England. He moved to Toronto, Ontario, in 1950 when he was appointed to the Department of Philosophy at the University of Toronto. He joined the faculty of Victoria College, University of Toronto, in 1955 as Professor of Greek Philosophy, Ethics, and Aesthetics; and was appointed Professor of Philosophy in 1964. In 1982, he was also appointed University Professor at the University of Toronto. He retired in 1991.

Sparshott was a member of the Canadian Philosophical Association, the League of Canadian Poets and P.E.N. International. He received the President’s Medal of the University of Western Ontario in London in 1958 and the First Prize, Poetry in the C.B.C. Literary Competition in 1981.

Sparshott published the following volumes of poetry: A Divided Voice (1965), A Cardboard Garage (1969), The Naming of the Beasts (1979), The Rainy Hills (1979), New Fingers for Old Dikes (1981), The Cave of Trophonius (1981), The Hanging Gardens at Etobicoke (1983), Storms and Screens (1986), Sculling to Byzantium (1989), Views from the Zucchini Gazebo (1994), Home from the Air (1997), and The City Dwellers (2000), as well as a work of fiction titled A Book [by Cromwell Kent] (1970).

Sparshott’s publications also include the following books: An Enquiry into Goodness and Related Concepts (1958), The Structure of Aesthetics (1963), The Concept of Criticism (1967), Looking for Philosophy (1972), Aesthetics of Structures (1981), The Theory of the Arts (1982), Off the Ground (1988), Taking Life Seriously (1994), A Measured Pace (1995), and The Future of Aesthetics (1998). Additionally, he contributed to the following journals: Alphabet, Catalyst, Canadian Forum, Descant, Fiddlehead, Literary Review, The Nation, Pan/ic, Queen’s Quarterly, Poetry (Chicago), Saturday Night, Tamarack Review, and West Coast Review.

Bouissac, Paul Antoine

Paul Antoine R. Bouissac is a writer and an academic. He was born in Perigueux, France, the son of Antoine Louis Bouissac and Marguerite Marie Frêne. He lives in Toronto.

Bouissac received license-ès-lettres in Études latines (1955), Études grêcques (1955), Psychologie générale (1956), and Grammaire et philologie classique (1962) at the Sorbonne in Paris, where he also received a Diplome d’Études Supérieures in 1956. In 1970 he received a Doctorat du Troisième Cycle en Linguistique (sémiotique) at the University of Paris.

Bouissac was appointed Lecturer at Victoria University, Toronto in 1962. After this he was appointed Assistant Professor at Victoria University (1965); Associate Professor at Victoria University (1969); Professor at the Graduate Department of French at the University of Toronto (1971); Professor at the Graduate Department of Linguistics, University of Toronto (1972); Professor at Victoria University (1974); and Professor Emeritus at Victoria University (1999). He became a Member of the Associate Faculty at the Centre for Comparative Literature in 1981, and of the First (1980) and Third (1982) International Summer Institutes for Semiotic and Structural Studies. He served as visiting professor at New York University in Buffalo (1975), the University of South Florida (1975), New York University (1980), and again at New York University in Buffalo from 1981 onwards. He also served as Associate Director of the Summer Institute for Semiotic and Structural Studies at Indiana University in 1982.

During his career Bouissac received awards from the University of Toronto in 1963, 1971 and 1972, from the Canada Council in 1967, 1968 and 1977, from the Wenner Gren Foundation in 1970, and fellowships from the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (1972–73); the Guggenheim Foundation (1973–74); Connaught (1988–89); and Killam (1989–91).

Bouissac’s publications include one work of fiction, Les Demoiselles (1970), and works of non-fiction: La Mesure des Gestes; prolegomenes à la sémiotique gestuelle (1973), Circus and Culture; a Semiotic Approach (1976), Iconcity: Essays on the Nature of Culture: Festschrift for Thomas A. Sebeok on his 65th birthday (1986), and Encyclopedia of Semiotics (1998).

In 1964 Bouissac became president and main stockholder of the Debord Circus, a circus that attempted to present high quality animal acts in a single ring. The circus lasted only 2 years and closed in 1965.

Reibetanz, John

John Reibetanz is a poet, literary critic and English Professor. He was born in 1944 in New York City, the only child of Harold and Veronica (Hanley) Reibetanz, and grew up in various places in urban and rural northeastern United States and Canada. In 1967 he married Julia Maniates in Toronto—they had three children, Stephanie Sophia, Timothy and David. Reibetanz divides his time between Toronto and a small farm near Creemore, Ontario.

Reibetanz received a B.A. with Special Honours in English from Brooklyn College (City University of New York) in 1965, followed by an M.A. (1967) and a Ph.D (1968) in English Language and Literature from Princeton University. In 1968 he was appointed Assistant Professor of English at Victoria College in the University of Toronto, and went on to become Professor in 1982. His teaching and research interests include modern and contemporary British and American poetry, 16th and 17th century poetry and drama, and Shakespeare. In his career at the University of Toronto he has served on and chaired various committees. In 1990, Reibetanz received the first Victoria University Teaching Award for excellence in teaching and course preparation.

Reibetanz’s first published book was The Lear World: a Study of King Lear in its Dramatic Context (1977), which was nominated as the University of Toronto Press entry for the Christian Gauss Prize of Phi Beta Kappa. His subsequent books have been collections of poetry: Ashbourn (1986), Morning Watch (1995), Midland Swimmer (1996), Near Finisterre (1996), Mining for Sun (2000), which was shortlisted for the 2001 ReLit Award in Poetry, and Near Relations (2005). His poems have appeared in various periodicals, including Poetry (Chicago), Quarry, Canadian literature, The Malahat Review, and The Paris Review. He has also contributed poems to anthologies, including Vintage 94 (1995), Vintage 95 (1996), and Ars Poetica (1996). Reibetanz has given poetry readings in major cities across Canada, and is a member of the League of Canadian poets. In 1995 he was a finalist for the National Magazine Awards, and in 2002 he was awarded the First Prize in the Petra Kenney poetry Competition for his poem “Night Thought.

Trevelyan, Robert Calverley

Robert Calverley Trevelyan was a poet and translator who was associated with the Bloomsbury Group. He was born in Weybridge, the son of Sir George Trevelyan, 2nd Baronet; his brother was the historian G.M. Trevelyan. At Trinity College, Cambridge, (1891-1895), he studied classics and law, but his ambition was to be a poet, and he went on to author many books, including translations, from 1898 to 1950. He was married to the Dutch musician Elizabeth van der Hoeven.

Hess, Peter Hans

Peter H. Hess was born in 1934. He received a B.A. from the University of Western Ontario in 1965, and M.A. (1966) and Ph.D. (1971) degrees from Brown University. He began teaching at Victoria University in Toronto in 1969 as a Lecturer in Philosophy. From 1970 to 1978 he was an Assistant Professor, and from 1978 to 1996 an Associate Professor. During his academic career he published "Thought and experience" (c1988) as well as articles in various philosophical journals.

Carscallen, James Andrew

James (Jim) Andrew Carscallen was born on the 21st of July 1934 in Wallaceburg, Ontario to Elsie and Roland Carscallen.

A Rhodes Scholar, James Carscallen received a B.A. in English from Victoria College in the University of Toronto in 1956, and then went to Oxford where he received a B.Litt. in 1958. He then returned to Victoria College to pursue a PhD under the direction of Northrop Frye while, at the same time, teaching English at the University of Waterloo. He completed his doctorate in 1964 and the following year was hired by Victoria College (1965), where he taught until his retirement in 1996. James Carscallen wrote his first book The Natural World of Vaughan and Marvell in 1964. His last book The Other Country: Patterns in the Writings of Alice Munro was published in 1993.

In 1996, he was appointed Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies. He was an active member of the Toronto Renaissance and Reformation Colloquium, the Graduate English Renaissance Group and was also a gifted pianist, performing with the Victoria College Ichthyology Ensemble.

James Carscallen died in 2016.

Smith, Donald B.

Donald B. Smith is a professor emeritus of History at the University of Calgary who focused his career on the history of Aboriginal Canada, Quebec, and the history of Calgary and Southern Alberta. He was born in Toronto and raised in Oakville, Ontario. He obtained his Honours B.A. in Modern History from the University of Toronto in 1968; his M.A. from Université Laval in Quebec City in 1969; and his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 1975. He taught Canadian History at the University of Calgary from 1974 to 2009, where he is now Professor Emeritus of History and member of the Order of the University of Calgary. He is married to Nancy Townshend, and they have two sons, David and Peter. Smith and his family live in Calgary.

Donald Smith's publications include five biographies on individuals connected with Aboriginal Canada: Long Lance: The True Story of an Impostor (1982); Sacred Feathers: The Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) and the Mississauga Indians (1987); From the Land of Shadows: The Making of Grey Owl (1990); and Mississauga Portraits: Ojibwe Voices from Nineteenth Century Canada (2013), as well as Calgary's Grand Story: The Making of a Prairie Metropolis from the Viewpoint of Two Heritage Buildings, a history of Calgary (2005). He tells the story of his interest in the Mississauga (Ojibwe) First Nations on the north shore of Lake Ontario in the introduction to the second edition of Sacred Feathers, published in 2013. In 2014, Smith's book Mississauga Portraits won the Floyd S. Chalmers Award for the best book on Ontario history published in the preceding calendar year.

Burpee, Lawrence Johnston

Lawrence Johnston Burpee was a historian, a civil servant, a librarian and a writer. He was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the son of Lewis Johnston Burpee and Alice de Mill. In 1899 he married Maud Hanington. They had three sons and two daughters, Lawrence Hanington, Mrs. John Lowe, Margaret, Edward and Arthur. He died in Oxford, England.

Burpee was educated partly at home and at public and private schools. In 1890 he entered the Canadian federal Civil Service to serve as private secretary to three successive Ministers of Justice. From 1905 to 1912 he was Librarian of the Carnegie Public Library in Ottawa. From 1912 until his death, he was Canadian Secretary of the International Joint Commission.

Burpee was one of the founding members of the Canadian Historical Association; National President of the Canadian Authors’ Association; editor of the Canadian Geographical Journal; founding member of the Board of Directors of the Canadian Writers’ Foundation; Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1911), Honorary Secretary (1926-1935), and President (1936-1937). He received the Medaille de Vermeil award from the Académie Française for work in Canadian history and the Tyrrell Gold Medal from the Royal Society of Canada.

Burpee published extensively in the areas of Canadian bibliography, geography and history. His publications include: A Bibliography of Canadian Fiction (1904, co-editor: L.E. Horning), Canadian Life in Town and Country (1905, co-author: H.J. Morgan), A Little Book of Canadian Essays (1909), A Century of Canadian Sonnets (1910), An Index and Dictionary of Canadian History (1911, co-editor: Arthur G. Doughty), Humour of the North (1912), Sandford Fleming, Empire Builder (1915), An Historical Atlas of Canada (1927, editor), Journals of LaVerendrye (1927, editor).

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