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O'Brien, Mary

Mary O'Brien was a renowned philosopher, feminist scholar and Professor in the Department of Sociology in Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

Born in Walmer, Kent, England on 8 July 1926, along with her brother Jimmy, Mary was raised by her aunts in Glasgow, Scotland. Upon completion of her secondary school studies, she trained and then began a career as a nurse and midwife, which would last for nearly twenty-seven years. She moved to Montreal in 1956, where she continued to work as a nurse and midwife in various capacities as a senior administrator and educator specializing in rehabilitation and gerontological care. Always a supporter of the front-line nurse, often against hospital administrators, she resigned as Director of Nursing at the Grace Dart Hospital in Montreal, to protest against the lower wages of female nurses' aides for work that was similar to that of male orderlies. In the late 1960's, she decided to go back to school, first taking courses at Sir George Williams University (Concordia University) in Montreal, and later enrolling at Atkinson College, York University. She obtained her B.A. (Sociology) in 1970, her M.A. (Political Science) in 1972, and her Ph.D. (Political Science) in 1976, all from York University. During her doctoral studies, O'Brien was a part-time lecturer in the Department of Political Science at York University. Upon completion of her Ph.D., she became a Professor in the Department of Sociology in Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

Her Ph.D. thesis served as the basis of her first book, The Politics of Reproduction. The book was groundbreaking in its challenge of the entire Western philosophic tradition and her introduction of reproduction and women's experience as important fundamental theoretical concepts. This book was subsequently translated into French and Greek and it is still being read and taught by scholars around the world. Throughout the 1980's, O'Brien published extensively in journals and edited volumes. In 1989, her book Reproducing the World:
Essays in Feminist Theory was published, featuring a compilation of O'Brien's essays and addresses about feminist theory. She was also involved with the journal Resources for Feminist Research / Documentation de la Recherche Féministe, serving on its Editorial Board from 1979-1982 and its Advisory Board from 1986-1989. Likewise, she supervised over two dozen M.A., Ed.D., and Ph.D. graduate students, serving as a mentor to the next generation of feminist scholars. In addition, O'Brien was a highly sought after speaker and gave addresses and lectures throughout North America and the United Kingdom.

Besides her academic duties, O'Brien was highly involved in the feminist movement in Canada and was one of the founders of the Feminist Party of Canada in 1979. She also was active with the Toronto group, Women Against Violence Against Women.

Mary O'Brien retired from OISE in 1987. She passed away on 17 October 1998 after a lengthy battle with Alzheimer's disease.

Brieger, Peter

Prof. Peter H. Brieger (1898-1983) was an art historian and expert in medieval manuscripts and art. A professor at the University of Toronto, Dr. Brieger is considered “a pioneer in Art History as an academic discipline in Canada” (Eleen).

Dr. Brieger was born in 1898 in Breslau, to his father Oskar Brieger, an otolaryngologist, and his mother, Hedwig Lion. He was raised by a governess in an intellectual and cultured home. Brieger fought for Germany in World War I and was wounded in Flanders. Brieger then studied at Breslau and Munich and settled on art history as a discipline, studying under Wilhelm Pinder, Paul Frankl, and Heinrich Wölfflin. He worked as an assistant under August Grisebach at Breslau from 1922-1927 and received his Ph.D. in 1924. After spending 1927-1928 researching in Rome, he returned to Breslau, where he worked as a professor and married historian Barbara Ritter in 1931. In 1933, fearing Nazi persecution, he left for Paris. When he was officially classified a “non Aryan” in 1934, he moved to London, where he worked on the Atlas of Medieval Art and Architecture in England at the Courtauld Institute. It was here that his focus shifted from Baroque to medieval art.

In 1936, Dr. Brieger moved to Canada, where he taught at U of T and became a professor in 1947. He chaired the art history department from 1965 until his retirement in 1969. He also served as a part-time professor at the Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies in Toronto until 1973 and contributed to “Art and the Courts: France and England from 1259 to 1328,” an exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada in 1972.

Dr. Brieger is the author of many influential articles and books, including "English Art, 1216-1307" (1957) and "Illuminated manuscripts of the Divine Comedy" (with Millard Meiss and Charles S. Singleton, 1969).

Dr. Brieger died in Toronto in 1983.

Greenfield, T. Barr (Thomas Barr)

Thomas Barr Greenfield (1930–1992) was a Canadian scholar whose ideas have been influential in the study of educational administration. Greenfield was born in 1930 in Saskatchewan, Canada. He studied English and German at the University of British Columbia. After graduating from the undergraduate program in British Columbia he began teaching in schools and eventually moved to the field of educational administration. In 1961 he moved to Edmonton Alberta to join the Masters program in Educational Administration at the University of Alberta and subsequently he completed a PhD in the same department. After a period at the University of Alberta he returned to the University of British Columbia where he worked as a professor and researcher. After a brief stay in British Columbia, he received an appointment at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto where he wrote his most influential works.

Greenfield argued against the positivist orientation of the so-called Theory Movement in educational administration and proposed a subjectivist approach to the study of educational administration. In his view, educational organizations have no existence beyond the actions, perceptions and values of the members of the organization. Thomas Greenfield's work has been studied and commented by numerous authors. The Canadian Association for the Study of Educational Administration instituted the Thomas B. Greenfield PhD Dissertation Award in his honour. The award is presented at the annual conference of the Canadian Society for the Study of Education. (

Myers, C. Roger

Roger Myers was Chair of the Department of Psychology at the University of Toronto from 1956-1968.

He was born in Calgary, Alberta, on February 12, 1906. He obtained his bachelor's (1927), master's (1929), and doctor's (1937) degrees at the University of Toronto. He began teaching in the department of psychology 1931, became professor there 1948, served as chairman from 1956 to 1968, and retired in 1971. He died in Toronto on 5 June 1985.

For further details about his work and accomplishments, see obituary in Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne, 29(3), 317-318.

Grenville, David Morgan

David Morgan Grenville was born February 16, 1928 in London, England, the eldest child and only son (he has two sisters) of Harry Morgan-Grenville OBE & Mary Murray Morgan-Grenville. He attended Stowe School in Buckingham from 1941 to 1945 and was then commissioned in the British Army from 1946 to 1948, seeing service in India in 1946/47. From 1948 to 1950 he studied at Cambridge University where he received his MA in economics. In 1950-1951 he took his MBA at the University of Kansas. He married Nancy Martin of Washington DC in 1951 and they had three children, Sally, Geoffrey, and Andrew. She died in 1994 and in 1996 he married Patricia Jequier.

Following the completion of his graduate work at the University of Kansas, Mr. Grenville worked as a roughneck in the New Mexico oilfields. In 1952 he joined Rycade Oil in Houston, Texas as an oil scout and landman. In 1954 he emigrated to Canada and began work for the British Newfoundland Corporation (Brinco), based in Montreal. From then until 1970 he was at various times assistant to each of Brinco’s presidents; he was also development manager, and finally Brinco’s assistant general manager. From 1966 until 1969 he was responsible on behalf of Brinco’s subsidiary Churchill Falls (Labrador) Corporation for planning and managing the provision of construction and town-site services for the $1 billion (1969) 6 million horsepower hydro-electric project.
In 1970 he moved to London to join Rio Tinto-Zinc’s group planning department. He was then transferred as administrative general manager to RTZ Development Enterprises, a subsidiary of Rio Tinto acting as British Project Manager for the Anglo-French Channel Tunnel project between Britain and France. He acted as joint secretary of the project management executive committee, which coordinated the activities of the British and French teams. After successfully completing a one mile pilot tunnel in 1975, full-scale construction was about to begin; but the project was abandoned by the British government at the time as a result of rising interest rates and escalating inflation due to the OPEC oil crisis.

Mr. Grenville then returned to Canada in 1975 to help establish and develop C-CORE, the newly-formed Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Engineering at Memorial University in St. John’s, Newfoundland. Funded by a major grant from the Devonian Foundation in Calgary, C-CORE’s mandate was to work with government, university and oil industry researchers to establish the engineering qualities of sea-ice and icebergs, and to determine how offshore exploratory drilling and subsequently the production of oil from the continental shelf off Newfoundland and Labrador might be safely undertaken. He was C-CORE’s administrator from 1975 to 1982, during which period the Captain Robert Bartlett Building was built for the Centre adjacent to Memorial University’s Engineering Building. C-CORE celebrated its 35th anniversary in 2010 and continues to serve a wide range of international clients.

Mr. Grenville first met Omond Solandt when he joined C-CORE. Dr. Solandt was on C-CORE's Board of Advisors appointed by the Devonian Foundation, and Grenville was the secretary of the board. They worked together quite closely at that time and gradually became friends. Although Dr. Solandt was his senior by 19 years, they had quite a lot in common: both had been at Cambridge, Solandt just before the war, Grenville just after it; and he had lived in England through the war years. His second wife, Vaire, was English. He used to come to the house for dinner when he was in St. John's, and took an interest in Grenville’s young teenage son Andrew, who was already deeply interested in computers.

As Mr. Grenville worked with Dr. Solandt and the other advisors in those early days of C-CORE, he became aware of the breadth and depth of his experience and qualifications, and realized the extent and nature of his reputation as an engineer and medical scientist in the field of operations research, and as a manager of research.

Following the loss in a storm of the giant semi-submersible drilling rig Ocean Ranger in February 1982, the Canada/Newfoundland Royal Commission on the Ocean Ranger Marine Disaster was established to enquire into the causes of the loss, and to carry out a comprehensive study of safety offshore Eastern Canada. Mr. Grenville was appointed Commission Secretary in 1982 with responsibility for managing its operations. He quickly saw that the six commissioners, all Newfoundlanders, and the Commission based in St. John's far away from Ottawa, would need to win credibility as they set about tackling a task that was of significance both nationally and internationally. He could see that someone like Dr. Solandt, who had run the Ontario Commission of Inquiry into the Transmission of Power between Nanticoke and Pickering (the Solandt Commission), had a great deal to contribute to their work. His national and international reputation would also prove to be a major asset. Alex Hickman, the Commission chair, prompted by Mr. Grenville to consider Dr. Solandt as senior advisor to the Commission, asked him to approach him. Dr. Solandt was looking for something new to do and he agreed to take it on. Art Collin, the Deputy Minister responsible for supporting the work of the Commission, subsequently said to Mr. Grenville when he heard about Dr. Solandt coming aboard, "I see you are mobilizing the best brains in the country to tackle the job." The inquiry was completed in 1985 after an extensive technical investigation and wide consultation involving regulatory bodies and the international oil industry. Dr. Solandt’s final service to the Commission was acting as Chair of the Safety Offshore Eastern Canada Conference, held in St. John’s in August 1984, that wrapped up the second phase of the enquiry by gathered the expert testimony necessary for the report.

Following the winding up of the Commission, Grenville worked for two years on a number of consulting assignments. These included setting up Seabright Corporation, Memorial University’s innovation and technology transfer agency. He then joined former colleagues from C-CORE at Canpolar East, an engineering and technology innovation start-up company engaged in developing new processing methods and technology for the fishery industry.

He then retired to the Eastern Townships of Quebec in 1989, and served as Chairman of Canpolar East from 1989 until 1995. He died on 14 November 2013 in Knowlton, Quebec.

Zimmerman, Arthur M.

Dr. Arthur Zimmerman, a renown cell biologist, first came to the University of Toronto’s Department of Zoology in 1964 where he accepted an appointment of Professor. Previous to this, he had received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from New York University and had held an Associate Professorship in the Department of Pharmacology at the State University of New York. Dr. Zimmerman retired in 1999 and throughout his lengthy service to the University held many administrative positions including Graduate Secretary (1970-1975) and Associate Chairman (1975-1978) in the Department of Zoology, Associate Director of the School of Graduate Studies (1978-1981) and Acting Director of the Institute of Immunology (1980-81).

Dr. Zimmerman has also shown leadership within his profession holding several appointments in professional associations and as editor of several journals. From early in his career, he has been an active member of the Bermuda Biological Station and the Marine Biological Laboratories at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He was president or director of several associations including Ontario Society of Biologist (1968), Canadian Society for Cell Biology (1970-71, 1976-77), International Cell Cycle Society (1986-88) and International Federation for Cell Biology (1996-2000). He also acted as Treasurer for the American Society of Cell Biology (1974-1980) and was Chair of their Publications Committee for their Methods in Cell Biology Series. He was co-president and founding member of the International Group on High Pressure Biology. His editorial activities include: consulting editor for Cytobios (1969 –), Microbios (1971 - ), Senior Editor for Marcell Decker Inc. (1974-1978), Academic Press Cell Biology Series (1978 – 1996), Associate Editor for Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (1980-84), Editor for Experimental Cell Research (1983-1992), Biochemistry and Cell Biology (1984-1993) and Western Hemisphere, Cell Biology International Reports (1985- present).

By far, Dr. Zimmerman’s most important contribution has been his research in the field of cellular biology and physiology for which he is internationally recognized. He has contributed much to the understanding of the cell cycle, the mechanism of cell division and has done pioneering work on the effects of hydrostatic pressure and drugs on various cellular processes. He has authored over 100 research and review articles and chapters in books. He has been editor of eight books and presented over 150 papers and lectures at meetings of professional associations and seminar groups. His research has been supported by numerous grants from the National Research Council of Canada, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Medical Research Council. As a teacher and mentor, he has supervised 21 doctorate students, many of whom are themselves holding influential positions in academic institutions and industry. His role as consultant to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (1975-1987) and as a witness to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Internal Security (1974, 1980) recognizes that his expertise transcends his own scientific community.

Blackstone, Milton

Milton Blankstein was born in New York in 1894 and died in Toronto in 1974. He moved to Toronto in 1911, where he studied with Luigi von Kunits and played in the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Frank Welsman) and the Academy String Quartet at the Canadian Academy of Music. He also played viola with the Hart House Quartet and served as their business manager from 1923 until his retirement in 1941.

Paul, Derek A. L.

Derek Paul was born in 1929 and was educated at the University of Cambridge (England) and Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. From 1953 to 1963, he held positions of Lecturer, Assistant Professor and Associate Professor at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario. He joined the University of Toronto as Associate Professor in the Department of Physics in 1964. He was appointed Professor of Physics in 1976. In 1981 he was a founding member of the Science for Peace group at the University of Toronto. He served as Treasurer (1981-1982), Research Director (1982-1984 and 1985-1986), Secretary (1984-1985), Publications Director (1988-1990, 1992-1993), and President (1993-1994).

Hughes, Francis Norman

Dean Emeritus, Faculty of Pharmacy at the University of Toronto.

Norman Hughes earned his Bachelor of Pharmacy (PhmB) degree from the University of Toronto in 1929, a second Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy degree from Purdue University in 1940, and a Master’s degree in physiology from the University of Toronto in 1944.

In 1938 Norman Hughes joined the teaching faculty of the Ontario College of Pharmacists, the body that provided pharmacy undergraduate education in Ontario until 1953. He served as assistant dean of the Ontario College of Pharmacists School from 1948 to 1950 and as dean of the School in 1952. He was instrumental in moving the BScPhm program from the College to the University of Toronto in 1953, at which time the Faculty of Pharmacy was created. He was the Faculty’s first dean and served in this position until his retirement in 1973

Sessle, Barry John

Dr. Barry John Sessle (b. 1941) is a Professor at the University of Toronto. Internationally recognized as an authority in orofacial neuroscience, his research focuses on the study of orofacial pain and neuromuscular and sensory function. He has made key contributions to the understanding of orofacial motor control, nociceptive activity, and trigeminal pain mechanisms. Dr. Sessle is the former Dean of UofT’s Faculty of Dentistry and continues to work in the Faculty of Dentistry, Medicine, and the Centre for the Study of Pain.

Dr. Sessle received his training in Australia, attending the University of Sydney (B.D.S. 1963, B.Sc. and M.D.S.. 1965) and the University of New South Wales for his doctorate in neurophysiology (Ph.D. 1969); Sessle also taught at the University of New South Wales in their School of Physiology (1965 – 1968). Following his PhD. studies, he conducted post-doctoral research at the National Institutes of Health in Maryland, U.S.A. In 1971, Dr. Sessle accepted a position at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Dentistry and later went on to serve as Dean from 1990 to 2001. While based in Toronto, Dr. Sessle has worked and maintained long-term partnerships with colleagues in the U.S.A. and overseas, particularly in Japan and Scandinavia.

Throughout his career, Dr. Sessle has been actively involved in a number of professional associations, serving as President for the Canadian Pain Society, the International Association for the Study of Pain, the Canadian Association for Dental Research, and the International Association for Dental Research. In addition to his professional activity, Sessle has published numerous articles, co-authored and edited twelve books and served on multiple editorial boards for publications such as the Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache and the Journal of Dental Research.

Dr. Sessle is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, a member of the Canadian Academy of Science, and was a holder of a Canada Research Chair from 2001 to 2014. He has received the Oral Sciences Award and the Pindborg International Prize from the International Association for Dental Research, the Distinguished Career Award and the Outstanding Mentorship Award of the Canadian Pain Society, in addition to honorary memberships and degrees from associations and institutions within Canada and abroad.

Hogg, Helen Battles Sawyer

One of Canada's most prominent astronomers and a world authority on globular clusters, Helen Sawyer Hogg is also credited with helping to popularize the science of astronomy and for providing an important role model for women in the Physical Sciences.

Born Helen Battles Sawyer on August 1, 1905 in Lowell, Massachusetts, she was the daughter of a banker and schoolteacher from Dunstable, Massachusetts. She attended public school in Lowell and in 1922 she entered Mount Holyoke College, earning an A.B. (Magna cum Laude) in 1926. It was here that she was influenced by the inspirational teachings of Anne Sewell Young, who in no small measure helped to forge her interest in astronomy. It was also at Mount Holyoke she met another major figure in women's astronomy, Annie J. Cannon who was visiting from the Harvard College Observatory. Helen was later offered a Harvard College fellowship to pursue graduate work on globular star clusters where she worked under the leading expert in the field, Harlow Shapley. She obtained her A.M. from Radcliffe in 1928, earned her Ph.D. from the same institution in 1931 and continued to specialize in globular clusters throughout her professional life.

She met her first husband, Frank Scott Hogg, a Canadian graduate student, at the Harvard Observatory and was married in 1930. In 1929 Frank Hogg received the first doctorate in astronomy awarded by Harvard College and Helen Hogg's own Ph.D. was only the third accorded by Radcliffe College, its women's college affiliate. In 1931, Frank Hogg accepted an appointment at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory in Victoria B.C., then under the directorship of J.S. Plaskett. She followed her husband, continuing her research at the observatory, first as an unpaid volunteer and later with the help of foundation grants.

In 1935, Frank Hogg accepted a position at the University of Toronto with the David Dunlap Observatory, which was to have its formal opening that year. Initially Helen Hogg once again worked as an unpaid volunteer until receiving an appointment as a research assistant with the University in 1936. She continued to teach at the University and work at the observatory for the following four decades. Frank Hogg became director of the observatory in 1946, a position he held until his death at age 46 in 1951. Career advancement came more rapidly following the death of her husband and Helen Hogg attained the standing of professor with the university in 1957, became research professor in 1974 and professor emeritus in 1976.

She interrupted her work at the University twice throughout her career. The first was as Acting Chairman of the Astronomy Department at Mount Holyoke College in 1940-41. The second time was in 1955-1956 when she spent an academic year in Washington as Program Director for Astronomy at the National Science Foundation.

Apart from her responsibilities at the University, Dr. Hogg was very active in numerous academic and astronomy associations. Among the many important positions she held were: president of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (1957-1959); first woman president of the Physical Sciences section of the Royal Society of Canada (1960-1961); president of the Royal Canadian Institute (1964-1965); founding president of the Canadian Astronomical Society (1971-1972). Outside her academic milieu, her leadership was recognized when she was appointed one of the first two women directors of Bell Telephone Company of Canada (1968-1978). She also served on the Advisory Committee of Science and Medicine for EXPO 1967.

When her husband Frank Hogg died suddenly in 1951, Dr. Hogg took over the writing of a weekly column "With the Stars" which he had been producing for the Toronto Star. For the next thirty years, she faithfully churned out the column which would provide her with the basis for her popular science work "The Stars Belong to Everyone" (1976). Together, the book and the column, along with a TV Ontario series on astronomy in 1970, established her as one of Canada's best-known popular astronomers. In 1983, Dr. Hogg was the first Canadian to receive the Klumpke-Roberts Award from the Astronomical Society of the Pacific for her work in public education, whose past recipients include Isaac Asimov and Carl Sagan.

In addition to her work in popular astronomy, Dr. Hogg was also a recognized expert in the study of globular clusters, an area of research on which she published over a hundred articles, including several editions of "A Catalogue of Variable Stars in Globular Clusters". In 1972, an International Astronomical Union Colloquium was held in honour of her life work in this field. Another area, which drew her interest, was the history of astronomy on which she was also widely published.

Throughout her lengthy career, she received numerous honours, awards and medals including the Annie J. Cannon Prize (American Astronomical Society 1950); the Rittenhouse Medal (< biblio >); the Sandford Fleming Medal (Royal Canadian Institute 1985). In 1967 she was invested into the Order of Canada and in 1976 she attained the Order's highest level when she was made a Companion of the Order, an honour accorded to only 150 Canadians at any one time. She received honorary degrees from Mount Holyoke (1958), University of Waterloo (1962), McMaster University (1976), University of Toronto (1977), Saint Mary's University (1981) and University of Lethbridge (1985). She has had two telescopes dedicated to her: one at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Ottawa (1987), the other at the University of Toronto Southern Observatory in Chile (1992). Asteroid 2917 was named Sawyer Hogg in 1984. In 1985 the Canadian Astronomical Society and the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada established the annual Helen Sawyer Hogg lectureship in her honour.

Intertwined with her career was Dr. Hogg's devotion to her family and friends, an aspect well documented within her personal papers. When she died at the age of 88 on January 28 1993, she was survived by three children, seven grand children and four great-grandchildren. She was predeceased by her first husband Frank Hogg and her second husband Dr. F.E.L. Priestly, whom she had married in 1985.

Bobiwash, A. Rodney

Alan Rodney Bobiwash (1959-2002) was a Canadian First-Nations and anti-racist activist, scholar, and crusader for racial equality and social justice. Based predominantly in Toronto, Bobiwash held many prominent positions in the first-nations and academic community, and was recognized in Canada, and throughout the world, as a spokesman for the rights of indigenous people.

Alan Rodney Bobiwash was born in Blind River, Ontario in 1959 as part of the Anishnabek Nation, from the Mississagi First Nation on the north shore of Lake Huron. Bobiwash, one of eight children (five sisters and two brothers), was born into the Bear Clan and his Anishnabek name, Wacoquaakmik, meant “the breath of the land”. He attended Garson-Falconbridge Secondary School just outside of Sudbury, Ontario, and graduated in 1978. After high school, Bobiwash attended Trent University in Peterborough, Ontario where he graduated with an Honours Bachelor of Arts in Native Studies. His honours thesis was titled An Economic and Social History of Pinehouse, Saskatchewan. After Trent, Bobiwash went on to study at Oxford University, Wolfson College where he wrote on the topic of Metis, Indian, and Company Regulations in the Post-Monopoly Era: The English River Fur Trade District. 1870-1885. During his academic career, Bobiwash won the Native Studies Prize and the was named Bata Scholar at Trent University, as well as earning a Short Term Residency Fellowship at the D’Arcy McNickel Centre for the History of the American Indian, Newberry Library Chicago.

In 1987 Bobiwash began lecturing part-time at the University of Manitoba in the Native Studies Department where he taught a course on Native Identity. From 1988-1990 he taught at Trent University in the Native Studies Department where he was a lecturer in a wide variety of First Nations courses at all levels. Bobiwash was one of the more politically active faculty members at Trent and encouraged his students to take a hands-on role in addressing the issues facing the Native community. After a break from teaching, Bobiwash began lecturing at the University of Toronto in the Aboriginal Studies Program in 1996. At the time, Bobiwash was also the Director of First Nations House at the University of Toronto, as well as the coordinator for the Office of Aboriginal Student Services and Programs; positions he held from 1994 until 1997.

In addition to his academic career, Bobiwash was highly active in the Toronto and Ontario First Nations community, as well as the anti-racist movement in Canada. In the early 1990s, Bobiwash was instrumental in launching a Canadian Human Rights Commission complaint against the far-right organization The Heritage Front, and played a pivotal role in their eventual demise. He also founded an organization called Klanbusters, which was formed to combat the growing prevalence of Klu Klux Klan and affiliated white supremacist organizations in Ontario, Quebec and the Prairie provinces. KlanBusters monitored far-right activities, prevented white supremacist parades and demonstrations and provided an anti-racist hotline. Bobiwash was also an Aboriginal rights leader with a particular focus on pay equity for First Nations people, and the status and rights of urban native populations in Canada. In 1998 Bobiwash became the director of the Native Canadian Centre Toronto, where he had worked previously as a policy analyst and Native Self-Government and anti-Racism Coordinator from 1991-1993.
From 1991 until 1998 Bobiwash ran Mukwa Ode First Nations consulting Inc. Mukwa Ode was a first nations consulting group that worked with aboriginal and non-aboriginal clients in a number of different areas. Among many projects, Mukwa Ode Consulting created the Toronto Urban Native Self-Government Handbook, conducted a review of the perception of policing in Toronto’s Aboriginal community, and worked closely with the Greater Toronto Aboriginal Management Board (G.T.A.M.B.). Throughout his professional career, Bobiwash, as a representative many different First Nations and Anti-Racist organizations, attended, organized and participated in numerous conferences, seminars and workshops around the world. Bobiwash was also a highly sought-after academic and professional public speaker, who was known for his passion for the subjects he addressed, and for his humour in addressing them. In the final years before his death Rodney Bobiwash worked for the Centre for World Indigenous Studies as the Director of the Forum for Global Exchange, as well as on the C.W.I.S. board of directors. In this capacity Rodney worked to allow indigenous participation in international forums, and to ensure an indigenous voice in the global debate on biocultural diversity. In 2000 Bobiwash received the Urban Alliance on Race Relation 25th Anniversary Award. Rodney Bobiwash died of cardiovascular disease associated with complications from diabetes on January 13, 2002, at the age of 42.

Siminovitch, Louis

Louis Siminovitch is a molecular biologist and professor of medicine at the University of Toronto.

He received his undergraduate and graduate education in chemistry from McGill (PhD 1944) and he trained at the Institut Pasteur, where he shared in the discovery of bacteriophage lysogeny. Returning to U of T, Siminovitch participated in the formation of the Dept of Medical Biophysics, founded the Dept of Medical Cell Biology (now Medical Genetics) as its first chairman, established the Dept of Genetics at the Hospital for Sick Children as geneticist in chief (1970-85), and from 1983 to 1989 was director of research at the Mount Sinai Research Institute.

In his unofficial capacity as Canada's chief biologist, he has served nationally and provincially on various bodies, as editor of the scientific journals Virology and Molecular and Cellular Biology, and was a founding member of the now-defunct Canadian science journal Science Forum. He has had a major influence on the careers of numerous Canadian molecular biologists. His research has centered on somatic cell genetics as a founder of the field, and on the Molecular Biology of mammalian cells.

Some 170 publications in books and leading scientific journals have come from his work. Among numerous awards are the Centennial Medal, Gairdner Foundation International Award, Flavelle Gold Medal and membership in the Royal Society (London). An Officer of the Order of Canada since 1980, Siminovitch was promoted within the Order to Companion in 1989.

Goudge, Thomas Anderson

Thomas Anderson Goudge was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 19 January, 1910. His undergraduate years were spent at Dalhousie University, where he was president of the Arts Class of 1931, associate editor of the student newspaper, and full back of the Arts intramural football team. He was described in Pharos, the University yearbook, as a philosopher, litterateur, and artist; several of his articles were published in campus journals and his sketches illustrated the yearbook.

He took his MA at Dalhousie in 1932, and the following year entered his doctoral studies at the University of Toronto, majoring in modern philosophy under G. S. Brett. In 1934 he was appointed interim lecturer in philosophy at Waterloo College, University of Western Ontario. In 1935, he was a fellow and assistant in Philosophy at Queen's University. In 1936-1937 a fellowship from the Royal Society of Canada enabled him to spend a year at Harvard, where he continued his research on the theory of knowledge of the American philosopher, Charles Sanders Peirce, whose Collected Papers had just been published. His research paper, "The theory of knowledge in C. S. Peirce," written in the summer of 1936, became his doctoral thesis on his return to Toronto.

By the time Goudge received his doctorate in May of 1937, he had published three scholarly papers. He accepted an appointment at Queen's for the academic year 1937-38, when Professor Vlastos, with whom he had worked earlier, was on leave. In 1938 he was offered a lectureship in philosophy at the University of Toronto and never left, despite attempts by other institutions to lure him away. In 1964 he was appointed chair of the department. On his retirement in 1976, he was appointed professor emeritus. He remained actively involved in his discipline until the end of the 1980s, when Alzheimer's disease began to take its toll.

Professor Goudge became appreciated quickly for the clarity and probity of his writings and was soon recognized as an outstanding scholar. He made important contributions in two areas of philosophy -- the thought of C. S. Peirce and the philosophy of biology, on which he wrote numerous articles and two books, The Thought of C. S. Peirce (1950) and The Ascent of Life (1961). He was also much sought after as a speaker, both at academic events and more informal gatherings. Following Professor Goudge's retirement, his colleagues honoured him in a festschrift, Pragmatism and Purpose: essays presented to Thomas A. Goudge (1981).

McNaught, Kenneth W.

Kenneth William Kirkpatrick McNaught was born in Toronto on November 10, 1918, the son of William Carlton McNaught and Eleanor Sanderson. Both his father, a graduate of University of Toronto (BA, 1911) and mother were writers. Carlton McNaught worked for a number of years with newspapers in Toronto and with the Calgary Herald, was a writer and account executive for an advertising firm, and later did editorial work for the Ryerson Press in Toronto. Eleanor Sanderson, “the clever young Canadian writer”, was one of the first women reporters for the Toronto Star. His grandfather was Colonel W. K. McNaught, a member of the Ontario Legislature (ca 1910) and member of the Hydroelectric Power Commission of Ontario (ca 1916).

Kenneth McNaught attended Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto, receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1941, Master of Arts degree in 1946 and Ph.D. in 1950. His doctoral dissertation “James Shaver Woodsworth: 1874-1921. From Social Gospel to Social Democracy” reflected his life long belief in social democracy and participation in public life. Frank Underhill, his thesis supervisor, became his mentor and “academic model”. His thesis led to the publication of his first book, a biography of Woodsworth in 1959 entitled A prophet in politics.

Prof. McNaught joined the faculty of the University of Toronto in 1959 following his resignation in protest over the firing of a colleague, Prof. Harry Crowe at United College, Winnipeg (now the University of Winnipeg). His involvement in the “Harry Crowe Case” was early evidence of his strong feelings towards academic freedom and justice. He was awarded tenure in 1962 and elevated to the rank of professor. During these 25 years, he taught predominately Canadian history, and influenced such future historians as Michael Bliss and Ramsay Cook. He retired in 1984 as professor emeritus. A few months before his death on June 2, 1997, he received the Order of Canada. Michael Valpy, columnist for the Globe and Mail, in commemorating his life described him as a “Red Tory” “that uniquely Canadian political persona compounded of collectivism, conservatism, and monarchism”.

“ He was modestly delighted to be the Red Tory icon of a younger generation”.

Hacking, Ian

Dr. Ian MacDougall Hacking (b. Vancouver, 18 February 1936) is a Canadian analytic philosopher whose work draws from multiple disciplines, including the history of science, statistics, physics, and psychology. Recognized as an influential contemporary thinker, Dr. Hacking is noted for his examination of the relationships between the physical and social sciences.

Raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, Dr. Hacking received his B.A. in Physics and Mathematics (1956) from the University of British Columbia. He later became a student at the University of Cambridge’s Trinity College, studying moral sciences. Here, he received a BA (1958), followed by an M.A. and PhD (1962). Between the 1960’s and early 1980’s, Dr. Hacking held academic teaching positions at universities internationally. These included his alma maters, the University of British Columbia (1964-1967) and the University of Cambridge (1969-1974), as well Princeton University (1961-1962), Makerere University College in Uganda (1967-1969), Stanford University (1975-1982), and Germany’s Bielefeld University (1982-1983).

In 1982, Dr. Hacking accepted a position at the University of Toronto Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology and, in 1991, was awarded the title of University Professor. Following his tenure at the University of Toronto, Dr. Hacking was appointed Chaire de philosophie et histoire des concepts scientifiques at the Collège de France. His term from 2000 to 2006 marked the first time an Anglophone philosopher was awarded the prestigious position. Subsequently, Prof. Hacking taught at the University of Chicago (2007), the University of California, Santa Cruz (2008-2010), and the University of Cape Town (2011) as a visiting professor. He continues his work as University Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and Professeur honoraire at the Collège de France.

Dr. Hacking has published fourteen books to date in addition to numerous reviews, articles, and editorials. The books authored by Dr. Hacking comprise both his academic writing as well more popular texts directed to general audiences. His early seminal text, The Emergence of Probability (1975), explores the influence of a 17th century concept of probability in contemporary thought. Logic, statistical theory, and the history of mathematics are also the central topics of Dr. Hacking’s Logic of Statistical Interference (1965), Taming of Chance (1990), An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic (2001), and Why is There Philosophy of Mathematics at All ? (2014).

Dr. Hacking’s later texts, Rewriting the soul: Multiple personality and the sciences of memory (1995) and Mad travelers: Reflections on the reality of transient mental illnesses (1998), discuss psychiatric illness and the behavioral and social effects of diagnosis. These texts also reflect Dr. Hacking’s continued interest in ‘human kinds’ and the relationship between individuals and social categories.

In response to the philosophical debates surrounding the objectivity of scientific inquiry and theory, often referred to as ‘the science wars’, Dr. Hacking published The Social Construction of What? (1999). A collection of Dr. Hacking’s writing was published in the volume Historical Ontology (2002) taking essays authored throughout Dr. Hacking’s career to discuss the philosophical uses of history.

Dr. Hacking has been recognized for his work with numerous awards, fellowships, and honours. In 1991, Dr. Hacking was selected to present the Tarner Lectures at Trinity College, Cambridge University and is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences among other institutions. He is the recipient of the Canadian Council of the Art’s Molson Prize (2000), the inaugural Killam Prize for the Humanities (2002) and the Holberg International Memorial Prize (2009). Dr. Hacking was named a Companion to the Order of Canada in 2004.

Dr. Ian Hacking has three children, Daniel Hacking, Rachel Hacking, and Jane F. Hacking. Following two previous marriages, Dr. Hacking married Judith Baker (nee Polsky, 1938-2014) in 1983. Prof. Baker was a professor of philosophy at York University, Toronto.

Marrus, Michael

Michael R. Marrus (1941- ) is a University of Toronto professor and historian who is an internationally-recognized expert on the Holocaust and Jewish and French history.

Born in Toronto, Prof. Marrus received his BA from the University of Toronto in 1963. He then received his MA (1964) and PhD (1968) at the University of California, Berkeley. He also received his Master of Studies in Law from the University of Toronto in 2005.

Prof. Marrus began his career at the University of Toronto as Assistant Professor of History in 1968. He became Associate Professor in 1973, full Professor in 1978, and Professor Emeritus in 2009. Prof. Marrus also served as the Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies from 2000 to 2006 (and since 2007, as Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor Emeritus of Holocaust Studies). He also taught as an adjunct in the Faculty of Law since 2006.

In addition to his teaching and research duties, Prof. Marrus has served the University of Toronto in many administrative capacities, including on Governing Council (1987-1996, 2002-2009, 2010-) and as Dean of the School of Graduate Studies (1997-2004).

Prof. Marrus has also been a visiting fellow of St. Antony’s College, Oxford and the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and a visiting professor at UCLA and the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

During his career, Prof. Marrus has published numerous articles and books on the Holocaust and the treatment of Jewish people in France during the Second World War. Some of his most notable books include The politics of assimilation: a study of the French Jewish community at the time of the Dreyfus Affair (1971), Vichy France and the Jews 1981), The unwanted: European Refugees in the Twentieth Century (1985), The Holocaust in history (1987), Mr. Sam: the life and times of Samuel Bronfman (1991), and Some measure of justice: the Holocaust era restitution campaign of the 1990s (2009). He was also editor of a 15 volume work, The Nazi Holocaust: historical articles on the destruction of European Jews (1992). Prof. Marrus has also spoken about his research in both local and international settings, at numerous conferences, academic gatherings, and community group events.

Prof. Marrus was appointed to serve on the International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission, which consisted of three Jewish and three Catholic scholars tasked with exploring the role of the Vatican during the Holocaust. The commission worked from 1999 to 2001, and issued a report in 2000.

Prof. Marrus was married in 1971 to Randi Greenstein and has three children. He was awarded the Order of Canada in 2008.

Skilling, H. Gordon (Harold Gordon)

Harold Gordon Skilling (February 12, 1912 – March 2, 2001) was born in Toronto to Alice and William Skilling, and was the youngest of four boys.

In 1925, Skilling registered at Harbord Collegiate Institute where he excelled academically and became involved with several extracurricular activities, such as serving as president of the Literary Society, the associate editor of the Harbord Review, the battalion commander of the cadet corps, and playing basketball on the junior team. Skilling managed to graduate with twelve firsts in twelve subjects and was also awarded the Gundy-Doran scholarship in Canadian history, which helped to secure funding for future studies at the University of Toronto.

Skilling went on to study at University College at the University of Toronto. Here, too, he excelled academically and was first in his class in all years except his final year. He was likewise still involved with extracurricular activities, including the University College Literary and Athletic Society (of which he became president in his final year), associate editor of the Varsity, the Historical Club, pledged to the Psi Upsilon fraternity, and continued with studying the piano at the Toronto Conservatory of Music.

Skilling credits his time at the University of Toronto as bringing about significant changes in his way of thinking. He had begun to move away from the religious faith of his childhood and become increasingly supportive of socialism. A hitchhiking trip through North America during the summer of 1933 helped to crystallize his politics as he saw the effects of the Depression first hand. Returning to school in the fall of 1933, Skilling helped to organize and became the president of a Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) club at the University of Toronto. As his interest in politics grew, he became increasingly interested in and committed to Marxism. He graduated from the University of Toronto in 1934.

In the autumn of 1934, Skilling left for Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar where he studied at Christ Church College and focused on interdisciplinary studies of philosophy, politics, and economics, as well as modern history and international relations. Skilling took this as an opportunity to travel throughout England and Europe. During the summer of 1935, Skilling made his first visit to Central Europe and the Jugoslavia [Yugoslavia]. Beginning in Vienna, he took a boat along the Danube through Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, and travelled further to Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bosnia, and Croatia. This would be his first introduction to the complex ethnic, cultural, and political landscape of the region.

Back in England, Skilling was first introduced to Sally Bright on November 2, 1935. Bright was an accomplished scholar herself, and studied sociology and economics at Barnard College in New York City and was studying at the London School of Economics when she was introduced to Skilling. They were married in Prague on October 16, 1937.

Skilling received a Masters degree from Oxford in 1936, and soon after decided to focus his studies on Central and Eastern European studies with a primary interest in Czechoslovakia. He moved to London to pursue a doctorate under the guidance of R.W. Seton-Watson at the University of London’s School of Slavonic and East European Studies. Skilling focused on studying the Czech language and researching Czech history, and began work on his doctoral thesis in May, 1938. Skilling’s doctoral thesis was completed and approved in 1940. It was recommended for publication by the examiners, however, due to wartime pressure, this did not occur.

Increasing tensions throughout Europe—including the Spanish Civil War, Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia, and increasing German aggression—strengthened Skilling’s commitment to socialism and convinced him to join the Communist party in 1937. He secured work at the Czechoslovak Broadcasting Corporation in May, 1938, which allowed him to witness firsthand the troubling events in Czechoslovakia in 1938-39. After further travels throughout Europe, Skilling and his wife returned to England only one month before war broke out.

In July 1940, Skilling and Sally returned to Canada, and Skilling took up an assistant position at the United College in Winnipeg, followed by a position as assistant professor at the University of Wisconsin in 1941, and, in 1947, a position at Dartmouth College, where he and his family remained for the next twelve years. Skilling began work in 1946 to revise his doctoral thesis and to extend it to include the period up to 1914 with the intention of eventually publishing the finished work. The new title for the revised thesis is “The Czech-German Conflict in Bohemia, 1867-1914.” Skilling worked on the revision up until at least the 1970s, when it was rejected for publication by the University of Toronto Press. Throughout these years, he also travelled regularly to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. In 1958, he accepted a position of head of the Department of Political Science and Economics and a full professorship at the University of Toronto, and in 1962 became the Director of the Centre for Russian and East European Studies (CREES)—a position that he held until 1974. Through his involvement with CREES, Professor Skilling worked to develop exchange programs with the Soviet Union.

Skilling’s position at the University of Toronto allowed him ample time for travel and research. In 1961-62 while on sabbatical, Skilling moved his family to Vienna as he travelled through the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Four years later, in 1966, he returned to the Soviet Union to discuss an exchange program. During the summer of 1967 Skilling visited Czechoslovakia, East Germany and Poland. He returned to Czechoslovakia in May 1968 to witness the Prague Spring and again in the autumn of the same year. In 1969 Skilling again visited Czechoslovakia as well as Yugoslavia in order to gain insight into Yugoslav attitudes toward the events in Prague in the previous year. He would return to Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union several more times throughout the 1970s and 1980s, as well as travelling extensively throughout North America for conferences and to give lectures. Professor Skilling also became increasingly active in advocating for human rights in Eastern Europe during this time.

In 1981, Skilling stopped teaching and was awarded the rank of professor emeritus. Several other honours soon followed: in 1981, Skilling was awarded the Innis-Gérin medal from the Royal Society of Canada and was made a life member of the Canadian Association of Slavists (CAS) and of the Czechoslovak Society of Science and Art (SVU); in 1982, the University of Toronto awarded Skilling with an honorary LL.D; in 1985 he was awarded the Masaryk Award from the Czechoslovak Association of Canada; in 1987 the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies honoured Skilling for his distinguished contributions to Slavic studies (he had also been elected to the board in 1981); and in 1992, on Skilling’s 80th birthday, President Havel awarded him with the Order of the While Lion—the highest honour for non-citizens. Several other honours and awards followed, some of which are listed below in Series 3.

Professor Skilling passed away on March 2, 2001 at his home in Toronto at the age of 89.

Griffith, Byron Alexander

Byron A. Griffith was a student of Math and Physics and a lecturer in Applied Mathematics. Griffith went on to get a PhD. in Mathematics in 1936 and taught Applied Mathematics at the University of Toronto for over two decades. More notably, he played an early role in establishing the University of Toronto Computation Centre.

Boeschenstein, Hermann

Hermann Boeschenstein, Professor of German at the University of Toronto, was born in Stein am Rhein, Switzerland on May 1, 1900. He attended the University of Zurich and pursued studies as well in Munich, Berlin, Kiel, Konigsberg and Rostock. At the University of Rostock he completed his doctorate with a thesis on the philosophy of J.P. Crousaz in 1924. The next two years were spent largely travelling including visiting Canada and travelling to the West coast. He returned to Switzerland in May 1928 and married his long time sweetheart, Elisabeth Schoch. By August, 1928, they set out for Toronto. He worked at the Banting Institute and University Library, and enrolled for philosophical studies with George Sidney Brett. While at the University he met Prof. G. H. Needler of the University College German Department who recognized Boeschenstein's potential and appointed him to the Department of German in 1930.

During the second world war, Prof. Boeschenstein was on leave from the University to serve as the Director for Canada of the War Prisoners' Aid of the Y.M.C.A. One of his duties was to supply German prisoners of war in Canada with up-to-date reading material. On return to his duties at the University he was made a full professor in 1948.

In 1956 Prof. Boeschenstein succeeded Barker Fairley as Head of the Department of German. He remained as head of the department until 1967. He continued his academic activities, taking on Visiting professorships at Zurich (1950), University College, London, England (1956), University of Chicago (1963, 1965), New York State University at Buffalo (1968), University of Waterloo (1968-1969), as well as others. He was editorial advisor for the "University of Toronto Quarterly" and also the Canadian-Australian periodical for German Studies, "Seminar". In June 1968 he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. During his career he was the author of nine books and more than 40 articles including a two volume history of German literature 1770-1830 titled "Deutsche Gefuhlskultur".

He retired in 1970. He died at his home in Toronto on September 21, 1982.

Wrong, Edward Murray

Murray Wrong, the eldest son of George and Sophia Wrong, was born on 4 April 1889. In 1904 he contacted rheumatic fever which affected his heart, leaving him with “an aortic regurgitation sufficiently gross to cause a ‘water-hammer’ pulse which moved his chair with each heart-beat,” and brought on periodic health crises throughout his life. He attended Ridley College, St. Andrew’s College, and University College at the University of Toronto, from which he received his BA in 1911 in English and modern history. He was vice-president of the Historical Club (1910-1911), an associate editor of the Varsity and editor of the Evening Blast (1910-1911), and a member of the Letters Club (1909-1911). He also played tennis.

In 1911 Murray went to Balliol College, Oxford from which he graduated with a first class honours in modern history 1913. In December 1914, he was elected to a fellowship at Magdalen College, the first Canadian to be so honoured. A month later he was awarded the Beit Prize for his thesis on colonial history, being the first Canadian to receive the whole prize. Rejected for military service, he was appointed vice-principal of the School of Technology in Manchester in 1916, where he remained until 1919 when he returned to Magdalen as tutor in history. He continued as Beit lecturer until 1924 when he became senior tutor. He was also vice-president of his college (1925, 1926) and in 1927 was elected junior proctor of Oxford University.

Murray wrote several books, including a history of the British Empire in Australia (1917?), The constitutional development of Canada (1918), Charles Buller and responsible government (1926), Crime and detection (1926), which he edited and for which he wrote an introduction, and History of England, 1688-1815 (1927). He also wrote frequently for the British press. At the time of his death he was working on a life of Lord Dorchester, the first governor-general of Canada.

At the end of 1915 he married Rosalind Grace Smith, the sixth daughter of A. L. Smith, fellow and tutor of Balliol, and herself a brilliant student. They had two sons and four daughters.
During the autumn of 1927 Murray overtaxed his heart and never recovered. He died at Oxford on 15 February 1928 and was buried in Holywell Cemetery.

Payzant, Geoffrey

Geoffrey Payzant, philosopher, writer, and organist, was born in Halifax, NS, 7 Mar 1926, and died in Toronto 31 Aug 2004. His later research interests were the writings of the pioneer of musical aesthetics, Eduard Hanslick (1824-1904), resulting in two books, several articles and dozens of invited lectures.

Callahan, William James

Professor Emeritus William James Callahan (1937-) graduated from Boston College with a Bachelor of Arts in 1958. He followed that up with a Master of Arts from Harvard University in 1959 and a Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard in 1964. During the final two years of his PhD studies, Callahan acted as a Teaching Fellow for Harvard. Upon graduation he moved to Toronto (where he continues to live) to accept the position of Assistant Professor at the University of Toronto’s Department of History in 1965, becoming Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1975. Callahan was appointed a fellow for Victoria College in 1985 and acted as President of the college from 1991-2000.

While at the University of Toronto, Professor Callahan taught courses in European history, with a primary focus on Spain. His main areas of research centered on religion in Spain, starting in the early modern period and extending into the 20th century. He taught classes on colonial Latin America as well as Early Modern Europe (HIS 244), France and Spain in the age of the Enlightenment (HIS 347), Spain and France in the Americas, 1500-1800 (HIS 385), and Franco’s Spain, 1936-1975 (HIS 304), among others.

Professor Callahan took part in various professional associations over his career. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in 1993 and was a member of the Canadian Historical Association, the American Historical Association, the Society for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies (serving here as a member of the Executive Committee from 1993-1995), and the American Catholic Historical Society (serving as President for 1996). In addition to his role of Professor at the University of Toronto, Callahan acted as chair of the Department of History from 1978-1982, the Department of Religious Studies from 1985-1990, and as President of Victoria College from 1991-2000.

Professor Callahan also took part in several committees and working-groups during his time at U of T, including the Curriculum and Standards Subcommittee (1984-1986), the Provost’s Working-Group on Five-Year Plan for School of Graduate Studies (1983-1984), the Faculty of Arts and Science Undergraduate Education Committee (1993-1994). Professor Callahan was also a member of the Humanities and Social Sciences Committee, Research Board (1977-1982), the editorial board for the Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine (1983-1990), and an external assessor for the Departments of History at St. Francis Xavier University (1992) and the University of Montreal (1989).

Glazebrook, George Parkin de Twenebrokes

George P. de T. Glazebrook, B.A. (University College), 1922, was a lecturer and associate professor of history at the U. of T. from 1924 to 1941, when he took leave from the University to join the Department of External Affairs for the duration of the war. In 1946 he returned to the University as professor of history. at the beginning of 1949 he resigned from the University to become Director of the Joint Intelligence Bureau of the Department of External Affairs. When he retired from External Affairs in 1963 he returned to the University as a special lecturer in the Department of History a post he retained until 1967.

Stacey, C.P.

Charles Perry Stacey was a military historian and Professor at the University of Toronto, 1959-1975. Born in Toronto, he received his undergraduate education at the University of Toronto (BA 1924) and completed his PhD at Princeton University (1933) where he also taught from 1934-1940. During the Second World War, Stacey served as the Canadian Army's historical officer in London, England. Immediately following the war he became the Chief Army Historian, a position he held until retirement in 1959. Following his retirement, Stacey returned to Toronto to teach and lecture at the University of Toronto. In 1965 he moved back to Ottawa for a year in order to preside over National Defence's newly unified triservice Directorate of History. Distinguished military historian and Professor at the University of Toronto until 1976, Stacey died in 1989 at the age of 83.

Harney, Robert Forest

Robert Forest Harney was born on March 5, 1939 in Salem, Massachusetts, the oldest of 8 children. He received his early education at St. James Elementary School in Salem, and St. Johns Prep in Danvers, MA. In 1957 he enrolled at Harvard University, graduating in 1960 with an A. B. (cum Laude) in history and literature. In the fall of that year he enrolled in the graduate programme at University of California (Berkeley) after marrying Diana Ohlsson on May 28, 1960. He received his M.A. in History in 1961, and then enrolled in the Ph.D programme.

It was while working on his Ph.D. in history at Berkeley that he was hired by the University of Toronto as Lecturer in the Department of History. He moved with his family to Toronto on September 4, 1964. In 1965 he was appointed Assistant Professor, a position he held until his promotion in 1971 to Associate Professor. During this period he completed his thesis entitled “the Last Crusade: the papal army of the 1860s” and was awarded his Ph.D. from the University of California in 1966.

While Associate Professor in the Department of History, Prof. Harney received a grant of $3,000,000 to establish a multicultural history collection. The result was the formation of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario (MHSO) in 1976. As “founding and guiding genius” of this institution, Prof. Harney created what has been described as “ a rich and vast collection of oral histories and archival materials” [1]. As President and Academic Director of the MHSO until his death in 1989, Prof. Harney edited Polophony and published essays relating to the use of such collections in the writing of the history of ethnic institutions such as theatres, churches and benefit societies. In 1979 he was promoted to professor of history by the University.

From the late 1970s to his death, Prof. Harney published numerous articles and six books as sole or co-author. While his initial research and teaching interest was Italian history, his exposure to the cultural diversity of Toronto eventually turned his attention to North American immigration and ethnic history. One of his earliest books, Immigrants: Portrait of the Urban experience (Toronto: Van Nostrand, 1975) was co-authored with Harold Troper. This book won the Toronto Book Award in 1975. He developed courses and wrote numerous papers on immigration in general, and Italian immigration to Canada in particular. He served on the editorial boards of more than nine associations including the Canadian Ethnic Studies Journal and the Canadian Journal of Italian Studies, Journal of American Ethnic History and American Italian Historical Association, among others. As well he continued to act as General Editor of all publications of the MHSO.

His reputation in the fields of multiculturalism and immigration history made him much in demand for addresses and presentations, as well as a consultant to academic institutions, cultural centres, and governments at home and abroad. His work in this field garnered him several honours, including the already mentioned City of Toronto Book Award in 1975, the Francesco Bressani Award for the Italian language Dalle Frontiera alle Little Italies in 1986 and Certificates of commendation from the Canadian Historical Association and the American Association for State and Local History (both in 1987).

Prof. Harney’s teaching, research and publishing in this field led to the establishment of the Ethnic and Immigration Studies graduate programme at the University of Toronto in 1977. Shortly before his death, he was appointed to the newly endowed Professorship and Program in Ethnic, Immigration, and Pluralism Studies, a collaborative graduate programme. Prof. Harney died on August 22, 1989 after the failure of a heart transplant. Following his death, the chair was re-named the Robert F. Harney Professorship, with Wsevolod Isajiw, Department of Sociology, as the first appointment in 1990.


[1] “Robert Forest Harney” by Rudolph J. Vecoli. Perspectives. April 1990. American Historical Association.

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