Showing 84 results

People and organizations
Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto

Hollar, Wenceslaus

  • Person
  • 1607-1677

Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677) set the standard of artistic and technical achievement that many later engravers attempted to emulate. In every area Hollar's work stands out as a source of information on common life in 17th century Europe. It ranges from topography and landscapes, to depictions of local dress from a variety of regions. Born in Prague, he lived and worked in London, where his views of the city form an invaluable record of its appearance before the Great Fire of 1666.

Henderson, Douglas

  • Person
  • 1944-

Douglas Henderson was born in Kitchener, Ont., in 1944, but now resides in Victoria, BC. He is a teacher of Buddhism, a writer on Tibetan art and Buddhism, as well as a poet. In 1978, he was appointed Registrar of the Art Gallery of Great Victoria where he wrote The Arts of Tibet. His poetry has appeared in Raven, The Endless Knot and The Message Makers, and in Japanese translation in Sarvodaya. He is a ngagpa (Tibetan yogi) and an ordained priest in the Tomitsu Shugendo Tradition of Japan.

Bascom H. Darwin

  • Person
  • 1913-1988

Bascom H. Darwin (1913-1988) was a Canadian born civil engineer. He trained at the Royal Military College and later enlisted with the Royal Canadian Engineers.

Smith, Sydney Goodsir

  • Person
  • 1915-1975

Sydney Goodsir Smith was a significant figure in the 20th-century revival of poetry in Scots. His masterpiece, Under the Eildon Tree (1948), comprising 23 variations on the
subject of love, draws parallels between his personal experience and that of great lovers in history and mythology. It is one of the great love poems in Scots. Sydney Goodsir Smith spent his first years in New Zealand, then in 1928 moved with his family to Edinburgh. From the outset he chose Scots as the language for his poetry. Three collections appeared in the 1940s: Skail Wind (1941), The Wanderer (1944) and The Deevil's Waltz (1946). A humorous novel, Carotid Cornucopius, followed in 1947. In the 1950s, with the publication of So Late Into the Night (1952) Orpheus and Eurydice (1955), and Figs and Thistles (1959), he was hailed as the best Lallans poet after MacDiarmid. His play, The Wallace, was staged at the 1960 Edinburgh Festival. Kynd Kittock's Land (1965) gives an affectionate portrait of Edinburgh.

MillAr, Jay

  • MS Coll 00036A
  • Person
  • 1971-

Jay MillAr, born John Elliott Millar, is a poet, editor, publisher and bookseller involved in the Canadian experimental poetry community. He was born in Edmonton, Alberta and grew up in London, Ontario. He began his undergraduate degree at Western University before transferring to York University and moving to Toronto in 1992. He later received graduate degrees from York University (Master’s in English) and the University of Toronto (Master of Information). In 1992, he founded his own publishing company, Boondoggle Books, which according to MillAr was “mostly to publish my own terrible early work, but I published a few other writers as well.” According to an interview in 2006, MillAr stated that he found the term Boondoggle in a dictionary as “a military term that means to carry out useless and trivial actions with the appearance of doing something important.” MillAr produced two small magazines through Boondoggle, “B” after “C” and HIJ. In 1997, he transformed Boondoggle Books into BookThug. MillAr has published widely through his own presses, as well as several other publishing houses, most notably including: The Ghosts of Jay MillAr. (Coach House Books, 2000), Mycological Studies, (Coach House Books, 2002), False Maps for Other Creatures. (Blewointment press, 2005), Double Helix (with Stephen Cain, Mercury Press, 2006), The Small Blue (Snare Books, 2007) and Timely Irreverence (Nightwood Editions, 2013). MillAr is the proprietor of Apollinaire’s Bookshoppe, “a virtual bookstore that specializes in the books that no one wants to buy.” MillAr is the co-director of the Toronto New School of Writing and also teaches creative writing and poetics at George Brown College.

Parker, Gilbert

  • MS Coll 00022
  • Person
  • 1862-1932

Sir Horatio Gilbert George Parker, 1st Baronet PC, known as Gilbert Parker, was a Canadian novelist, journalist and British politician. He was born at Camden East, Addington, Ontario in 1862 and was trained as a teacher. He worked as a teacher at the Ontario Institute for the Deaf and Dumb in Belleville, Ontario and later as a lecturer at Trinity College before leaving for Australia to become a journalist in 1886. He published his first novel in 1892 and soon gathered a reputation for his romantic fiction, many of which were set in Canada. He was knighted in 1902 for his contribution to Canadian literature. He was elected to the British House of Commons as an MP in 1900, which he held until 1918. Gilbert Parker died in London 6 September 1932 and is buried in Belleville.

The Provincial Marine

  • MS Coll. 00022B
  • Corporate body
  • 1788-1792

Traders and merchants based in Quebec and the Thirteen Colonies had been successfully advancing the fur trade in the Great Lakes region since the mid-1760s, largely through the assistance of privately-owned commercial vessels to ship trade merchandise to western posts and retrieve bales of peltries to be sold for handsome profits. The trade had only recently transitioned from the old French structure to a modified system under British management, and was gaining momentum and efficiency. But all that changed with the onset of the American Revolution in 1775. The British government at Quebec responded to the war threat with plans to prevent American incursions into the Great Lakes region and ensure that weapons, ammunition, and provisions were not smuggled to the American side through the fur trade network. To that end, Governor Guy Carleton (1724-1808) outlawed the use of private vessels on the Great Lakes in the spring of 1777.
According to Governor Carleton’s 1777 announcement, vessels taken into the King’s service would be armed and manned by the Crown, be the exclusive carrier of troops and stores for the war effort, and maintain absolute control over the Great Lakes. The service was also the official conveyor of United Empire Loyalists relocating to British territory in the Province of Quebec. The fleet of King’s Ships of the Provincial Marine would be on constant military patrol between British garrisons at Carleton Island and Fort Niagara on Lake Ontario (employing Snow Seneca, Ship Limnade, and Sloop Caldwell), Fort Little Niagara, Fort Schlosser, Fort Erie, and Detroit on Lake Erie (employing Schooner Faith, Snow Rebecca, Schooner Hope, Brig Gage, Schooner Dunmore, Sloop Felicity, and Sloop Wyandot), and Detroit and Mackinac Island on Lake Huron (employing Sloop Felicity, Sloop Wyandot, Sloop Welcome, and Sloop Angelica)
The fur trade was at the heart of the young Canadian economy. Prior to Carleton’s 1777 orders, traders and merchants had their merchandise and peltries shipped over the Great Lakes on private vessels, many of which were owned and operated by the traders and merchants themselves. The new regulations dealt a serious blow to the fur trade when all private vessels on the lakes were effectively taken out of service and purchased or leased by the Crown for the exclusive use of the Provincial Marine. Traders, merchants, and agents were assured of services for the transport of their goods on board the King’s Ships, provided there was sufficient room available and military manoeuvres were not impacted.
The Provincial Marine thus became the sole means of transporting commercial goods on the Great Lakes. When merchandise and peltries were consigned for transport aboard the King’s Ships, promissory freight notes were issued to confirm the nature of the cargo and formalise a commitment to pay freight charges at some later date to Provincial Marine officials at Detroit, Carleton Island, or Quebec. Private transport of goods between Montreal and Carleton Island along the Saint Lawrence River was still permitted, but only in canoes and flat-bottomed cargo boats or bateaux.
Under the British system for managing the fur trade, the transport of trade merchandise to western depots was heavily regulated, and required a license from the governor (of which there was only a limited number issued each year). Ownership, origin, and destination of cargo was heavily scrutinized along the way by garrison commandants and ship masters, who had the authority to seize unauthorized shipments and prohibited goods. Strict supervision ensured that American traders were entirely excluded from the trade.
By the summer of 1778, Frederick Haldimand (1718-1791) had been installed as the new Governor of Quebec, and wasted no time in refining the organisation of the Provincial Marine. According to his General Orders and Regulations for the Better Government of His Majesty’s Armed Vessels Employed on the Different Lakes, issued on 1 July 1778, the fleet of vessels on the Great Lakes was divided into geographic commands: Lake Ontario constituted its own jurisdiction, and Lake Erie and the three upper Great Lakes (being lakes Huron, Superior and Michigan) constituted another, each with its own senior naval officer. In addition to organisational details for manning and operating the King’s Ships, Haldimand’s directive required that the British Articles of War be read on board each vessel at least once every month, to maintain order and discipline. Unfortunately, the chain of command between land- and lake-based officials was poorly defined, and led to quarrels that impacted the ability of the Provincial Marine to assist with the army’s land operations and properly fulfill commercial shipping obligations to those in the fur trade.
At the height of the war in 1779, during a period of particular difficulty for the fur trade, nine trading partnerships strategically combined their assets and resources to form the first consortium that would become the North West Company. The 16-share syndicate, composed of leading traders and merchants operating out of Montreal and Mackinac Island, eventually developed into the principal fur trade concern in Canada in opposition to the Hudson’s Bay Company. Another similar 16-share agreement was made in 1783, which was expanded to a 20-share agreement in 1787. A few of the traders included in the North West Company agreements are represented on promissory freight notes as the shippers and receivers of merchandise and peltries carried by the Provincial Marine, most notably George McBeath and Normand McLeod who were among the first British traders in the Great Lakes region after the British conquest
Forced to conform with the regulations for shipping their merchandise and peltries only on the King’s Ships, traders, merchants, and agents were at the mercy of the fleet’s management, staff, schedules, and performance, the weather and sailing conditions, and the physical state of the vessels. The lack of suitable storage facilities for goods held at garrisons added to the impact on trade, and other serious problems were numerous and widespread. Trade merchandise and peltries were delayed at transfer points for extended periods of time, damaged through improper storage, sodden by transport aboard leaky vessels, lost and misplaced through incompetence, and ransacked by unscrupulous military staff. Delays were particularly injurious to the trade, owing to the inherently tight trade cycle of shipping goods (which were usually obtained on credit from merchant-outfitters) to the interior and receiving furs the following year for sale at Montreal. Goods sometimes lay for months at Carleton Island, Fort Niagara, and Fort Erie, and were sometimes delayed so long that they could not be sent until the following season. Disruptions in the cycle equated to monetary losses through higher interest payments, damage to credit ratings, and strained relations with outfitters and investors. Petitions and Memorials complaining of unfair treatment and exorbitant freight charges were drawn up by traders, merchants, and agents, and sent to the governor and council at Quebec, but were largely ignored.
In the end, a large proportion of freight notes were not voluntarily settled: traders and merchants were summoned to court and sued for full or partial payment, whereas others were pardoned on the basis that negligence by the Provincial Marine caused financial losses that exceeded freight charges.

Watada, Terry

  • MS Coll 00036
  • Person
  • 1951-

Terry Watada is a well-known writer, poet, journalist, playwright and musician. He was born on 16 July 1951 in Toronto, Ontario after his parents and older brother were interned in British Columbia during WWII. Watada received his Master of Arts in English at the University of Toronto and was a Professor of English at Seneca College for 32 years until his retirement in 2012.
He is well-known for his monthly column in The Nikkei Voice, a Japanese-Canadian newspaper, in addition to his poetry, fiction and essays. His publications include Daruma Days: A Collection of Fictionalised Biography (1997), Ten Thousand Views of Rain (2001), Obon: The Festival of the Dead (2006), Kuroshio: The Blood of Foxes (2007), The Game of 100 Ghosts (2014) and The Three Pleasures (2017). He has currently published two volumes of a planned trilogy of manga on the Japanese Canadian experience, beginning with The Sword, the Medal and the Rosary (2013) followed by Light at a Window (2015). He has also contributed to and edited various anthologies, including a collection of Asian-Canadian short stories written for the York District School Board in 1993 and Vancouver Confidential (2014). As a playwright, he has had a number of plays staged, beginning with Dear Wes/Love Muriel, which premiered during the Earth Spirit Festival at Harbourfront in 1991. His best known play, Vincent premiered in 1993 and has been subsequently restaged including for the Madness and Arts World Festival. In addition to his literary work, Watada is known as a singer and songwriter, his most-well known album, Runaway Horses (1977) was re-released in CD format in 2015.
For Watada’s efforts as an activist for the Japanese-Canadian community, he has been presented a number of awards including the William P. Hubbard Race Relations Award from the City of Toronto, the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal and the Dr. Gordon Hirabayashi Human Rights Award.

The Niagara Falls Museum

  • MS Coll 00403A
  • Corporate body
  • 1827-1999

Thomas Barnett (1799-1890) emigrated to Canada from Birmingham, England in 1824, residing first in Kingston and then in Niagara Falls. Barnett was the founder and proprietor of Canada’s oldest museum, which first opened in 1827. The museum began with a modest collection, composed chiefly of Barnett’s main hobby, taxidermy. The close proximity to the falls, and Barnett’s tour down the staircase at Table Rock and behind the falls, which was included with the price of admission, brought tourists to the museum. The collection grew from 10,000 specimens to over 100,000 between 1850 and 1867, primarily due to Thomas’ son, Sydney (1836-1925). Sydney collected oddities and anthropological collections, including traveling to Egypt to bring back mummies in 1854 and 1857, as well as introducing a specimen exchange program with other museums and collections. In 1858, the Barnetts designed and built a new stone building for the museum, which opened in 1860. After a series of bad business decisions, Barnett filed for bankruptcy on 1 May 1878 and the museum and its collections were sold at auction for $48,000. The museum was purchased by local businessmen and rival of the Barnetts, Saul Davis (1807-1899). In 1888, Davis moved the museum collection to Niagara Falls, New York. The Sherman family purchased the museum in 1942 and returned it to Canada, where they moved the museum in a converted five story corset factory with a view of Niagara Falls. The Sherman family sold the collections to Golden Chariot Productions in 1999.

Barnard, Robert

  • MS Coll 00185A
  • Person
  • 1830-1854

Robert Barnard of Bunwell, Norfolk was the son of George and Lucy (Mullinger) Barnard. He died in the Crimean War in 1854.

Atkins, Hedley John Barnard, Sir

  • MS Coll 00185A
  • Person
  • 1904-1983

Sir Hedley John Barnard Atkins, KStJ, KBE was the son of Sir John Atkins. He was the first professor of surgery at Guy’s Hospital, London and President of the Royal College of Surgeons. He specialised in the scientific treatment of breast cancer and the Hedley Atkins Breast Unit at New Cross Hospital acknowledges his contribution

Atkins, John, Sir

  • MS Coll 00185A
  • Person
  • 1875-1963

Sir John Atkins, KCMG, KCVO, FRCS was the Deputy Director of Army Medical Services; physician-in-ordinary to Duke of Connaught. He served in the Boer War, as well as the First World War.

Davies, Robertson

  • MS Coll 00050
  • Person
  • 1913-1995

Robertson Davies was born in Thamesville, Ontario in 1913 and was the third son of W. Rupert Davies and Florence Sheppard McKay. Davies’ father, Rupert Davies was born in Wales and was the publisher of The Kingston Whig Standard and was appointed to the Senate as a Liberal in 1942, a position he would hold until his death in 1967. As a young child, Robertson Davies moved with his family to Renfrew, Ontario, where his father managed the local newspaper, the Renfrew Mercury. The family would later relocate to Kingston in 1925. Between 1928 and 1932, Davies attended Upper Canada College in Toronto, where he performed in theatrical performances and wrote and edited the school paper, The College Times. After graduating, Davies attended Queen’s University in Kingston, where he was enrolled as a special student as he was not working towards a specific degree. Between 1932 and 1935, Davies wrote for the school paper and performed and directed theatrical plays. In 1935, Davies traveled to England to study at Baillol College at Oxford, where he was enrolled in a Bachelor of Letters degree. At Oxford, Davies performed with the Oxford University Dramatic Society and was a co-founder of the Long Christmas Dinner Society. After graduating in 1938, Davies published his thesis, Shakespeare’s Boy Actors through the publisher J.M Dent & Sons in 1939. In 1938, Davies joined the Old Vic theatre company, where he had roles in The Taming of the Shrew, She Stoops to Conquer, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream and also worked as a teacher of dramatic history at their drama school. At Old Vic, Davies met and married Brenda Matthews Newbold who was the stage manager. He also became well acquainted with Tyrone Guthrie, who was the director from 1933 to 1939, and who would later go on to help found the Stratford Festival. After their marriage in 1940, Robertson and Brenda Davies moved to Toronto, where he was the literary editor of Saturday Night magazine and then to Peterborough, where he was the editor of the Peterborough Examiner, a position he held until 1963. During his time at the Peterborough Examiner he frequently wrote editorials under the pseudonym of Samuel Marchbanks. Marchbanks was so popular that Davies ‘edited’ three books of Marchbanks’ writing including: The Diary of Samuel Marchbanks (1947), The Table Talk of Samuel Marchbanks (1949) and Samuel Marchbanks Almanack (1967). Davies is considered one of Canada’s greatest novelist and he published eleven novels during his lifetime. His novels were written in trilogies, and he began with the Salterton Trilogy (Tempest-Tost (1951), Leaven of Malice (1954), A Mixture of Frailities (1958)), and continued with The Deptford Trilogy (Fifth Business (1970), The Manticore (1972), World of Wonders (1975)), The Cornish Trilogy (The Rebel Angels (1981), What’s Bred in the Bone (1985), The Lyre of Orpheus (1988)). His final trilogy, The Toronto Trilogy (Murther and Walking Spirits (1993) and The Cunning Man (1995)) was incomplete. In addition to his novels, Davies was also a prolific writer and he wrote pieces for newspapers and magazines, published articles in academic journals, contributed to anthologies and published books of short stories, non-fiction and essays. Throughout his life, Davis remained interested in the theatre and he was an active playwright beginning in 1945. Davies served on the first board of governors for the Stratford Festival and he remained connected with the festival through writing about its history as well as staging several plays there. Davies wrote a number of plays including Fortune, my Foe (1948), Eros at Breakfast 1949), At My Heart’s Core (1950),A Jig for the Gypsy (1954), Hunting Stuart (1955), Question Time (1975) and Pontiac and the Green Man (1977) , as well as adapting his novels for the stage, most notably Leaven of Malice and Tempest-Tost. Davies became the founding Master of Massey College in 1963 and lived there throughout his residency and also taught classes in the English department until his retirement in 1988. During his time at Massey College, Davies was well-known for his annual ghost story, which he would tell at the Christmas Gaudy. These stories were later published as High Spirits in 1982. After his retirement, Davies split his time between a condo in Toronto and his country estate, Windover, in the Caledon Hills. Robertson Davies died on 2 December 1995 after a stroke.

Bascove, Anne

  • MS Coll 00050
  • Person
  • 1964-

Commonly known as Bascove, she is an American artist, that works in the media of painting, printmaking and collages. Bascove designed the book covers for the Penguin editions for all of Robertson Davies' novels, as well as his book of short stories, 'High Spirits' (1982) and his collection of public addresses, 'One-Half of Robertson Davies' (1977).

Davis, Richard, Dr.

  • MS Coll 00050
  • Person
  • 1944-2014

Dr. Richard (Rick) Davis was a family physician from Guelph, Ontario. He learned of Robertson Davies in 1975, in a third-year North American Literature class at the University of Guelph. He began collecting books by Davies in 1980, and became acquainted with the writer in 1988. Davis became a prolific collector of Davis' books, as well as archival material and ephemera related to the author. Davis provided medical advice to Davies for 'Murther and the Walking Spirits' (1991) and 'The Cunning Man' (1994).

Wallace, William Stewart

William Stewart Wallace was born at Georgetown, Ont., in 1884. He was Chief Librarian of the University of Toronto between 1922-54. He was president of the Ontario Library Association in 1942/43 and of the Canadian Library Association in 1950/51. He made many contributions to Canadian literature, and in 1957 authored the Report on provincial library service in Ontario, which was a catalyst for creation of the Provincial Library Service in 1959. He died in 1970.

James-French, Dayv

  • Person
  • 1953-1916

David James French (now Dayv James-French) was born in Summerside, Prince Edward Island on August 18, 1953 and died in Toronto on September 1, 2016. He obtained his bachelor of arts in Religion (1979) from Carleton University and in Creative Writing (1980) from the University of Victoria. James-French was a member of the Writers’ Union of Canada and was the recipient of several awards, including the Canada Council of Explorations Grant (1982), Nepean Public Library Short Story Award (1989), and the Ontario Arts Council Works-in-Progress Grant (1991). James-French was published several times in the Antioch Review: “Domestic Order” (The Merry Chase: Juggling Words and Other Fictions, vol. 43, no. 1, 1985); “Heaven Full of Astronauts” (All Fiction Issue, vol. 45, no. 2, 1987); and “Cows” (Changing Fashions in Baseball, vol. 46, no. 3, 1998). His poems were published in Canada, the USA, England, and Australia. His publications include Victims of Gravity (1990) and What Else is a Heart For (revised as The Afternoon of Day Five, 2006).

Gilbert, Stephen G.

  • MS Coll. 413
  • Person
  • 1931-2014

Stephen Goltra Gilbert was born 18 January 1931 in Portland, Oregon. He received a degree in art in a joint degree program with the Pacific Northwest College of Art (PNCA) in 1952, with a thesis on woodcarving. Following graduation, Gilbert spent three years in the U.S Army Medical Corps and after his discharge, he was accepted to a three-year program to study medical illustration with Muriel McLatchie Miller at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Gilbert received his first job as a medical illustrator from Dr. John Bonica at the Tacoma General Hospital in Washington. Between 1958 and 1961, Gilbert worked as a medical artist for the School of Medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle. In 1961, Gilbert left his position at the University of Washington to work on his own anatomical drawings. He moved to farm in Albany, Oregon and over the period of twelve years produced six zoological anatomical atlases includes: Pictorial Anatomy of the Fetal Pig (1963), Pictorial Anatomy of the Frog (1965), Atlas of General Zoology (1965), Pictorial Anatomy of the Cat (1968), Ms Coll 289 Gilbert (Stephen) Drawings 2 Pictorial Anatomy of the Dogfish (1973) and Pictorial Anatomy of the Necturus (1973). In 1973, Gilbert joined Arts as Applied to Medicine program at the University of Toronto as a part-time lecturer. Between 1982 and 1985, Gilbert spent each summer in Japan training Yuzuru Matsuda’s staff in medical illustration. Gilbert was very successful at the University of Toronto, and was made a full professor in 1995. He also authored Pictorial Human Embryology in 1989 and Outline of Cat Anatomy with Reference to the Human in 1999, both with the University of Toronto Press. One of Gilbert’s ongoing projects was human anatomical illustrations for Dr. Anne Agur, a professor at the University of Toronto and the current editor of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. Gilbert retired in 2010 but continued to teach classes as a Professor Emeritus in pen and ink drawing.

Gilbert’s other passion was tattoos. He received his first tattoo at the age of 15, and according to Dino Pulera in 2006, “today, he is so covered with tattoos that he only has a small patch of ‘blank canvas’ remaining behind his left knee.” Gilbert worked as a tattoo artist and historian and edited and introduced the text Tattoo History: A Source Book: An Anthology of Historical Records of Tattooing throughout the World (2000) (as Steve Gilbert). Gilbert died 21 February 2014 of Parkinson’s disease.

Mavor, James

James Mavor, economist, economic historian and professor of political economy. He was born 8 December 1854 in Stranraer, Scotland. He attended the University of Glasgow and taught economy and statistics at St. Mungo’s College in Glasgow. He became involved in socialist groups as a means to assist the poor, and became acquainted with William Morris and George Bernard Shaw. Ultimately, his knowledge of economics led him to reject Marxist ideals. In 1892, he became the first professor of political economy at the University of Toronto, a position he would hold until his retirement in 1923. Between 1898 and 1899, Mavor was instrumental in bringing the Doukhobors to Canada. Mavor held many professional and personal interests, including economic history, Russian studies and the arts. He assisted in the founding of the Art Museum of Toronto and the Royal Ontario Museum, and authored several books including Economic History of Russia (1914), Niagara in Politics: A Critical Account of the Ontario Hydroelectric Commission (1925) and his memoirs, My Windows on the Street of the World (1923). James Mavor died in 1925.

Innis, Mary Quayle

Mary Quayle Innis was an economist, writer, editor, and academic administrator. She was born in St. Mary's, Ohio, on April 13, 1899. From 1915 to 1919 she attended the University of Chicago, graduating with a Ph.B. in English. There she met a young Canadian economics instructor, Harold Adams Innis. They married in 1921. After they started a family, she continued writing while at home and published a number of stories in the Canadian Forum. She also wrote An Economic History of Canada (1935), which became a standard university text. During the 1940s, she began publishing short stories (forty-five in total) in Saturday Night magazine. After her husband's death in 1952, she entered a more public life. In 1955, she became Dean of Women at University College at the University of Waterloo, where she served for nine years. During these years, Innis continued to write and publish stories and also worked as an editor. She died in 1972.

Berry, Michelle

  • Person
  • 1968-

Michelle Berry is the author of three books of short stories, How to Get There from Here (1997), Margaret Lives in the Basement (1998), and I Still Don’t Even Know You (which won the 2011 Mary Scorer Award for Best Book Published by a Manitoba Publisher and was shortlisted for the ReLit Award, 2011), as well as five novels, What We All Want (2001), Blur (2002), Blind Crescent (2005) and This Book Will Not Save Your Life (which won the 2010 Colophon Award and was longlisted for the ReLit Award, 2011), and Interference (2014). Her writing has been optioned for film and published in the U.K. She is also co-editor with Natalee Caple of The Notebooks: Interviews and New Fiction from Contemporary Writers (2002), and has collaborated on an art book with Winnipeg artist Andrew Valko called Postcard Fictions (2001). Michelle taught creative writing at Ryerson University, Humber College and Trent University, was on the board of PEN Canada and the authors’ committee of the Writer’s Trust and served as Second Vice-Chair of The Writer’s Union. Michelle is a contributing reviewer for The Globe and Mail, with over 50 reviews published. She presently teaches online for The University of Toronto, in class at Trent University, and is a mentor at Humber College. She lives in Peterborough, Ontario where she currently runs her own bookstore, Hunter Street Books.

Grosskurth, Phyllis

  • Person
  • 1924-2015

biographical note
Canadian scholar and writer, Phyllis Grosskurth was born in Toronto. She began teaching English at the University of Toronto in 1965 and retired in 1989. Her teaching and research has focused on biography and the history of psychoanalysis. She has published several biographies, notably John Addington Symonds: A Biography (1964), which won the Governor-General's Award for nonfiction and the University of British Columbia Award for Biography in 1965. Her other books include Leslie Stephen (1968), Gabrielle Roy (1969), Havelock Ellis: A Biography (1980), Melanie Klein: Her World and Her Work (1986), Margaret Mead (1988), The Secret Ring: Freud's Inner Circle and the Politics of Psychoanalysis (1991), Byron: The Flawed Angel (1997), and Elusive Subject: A Biographer's Life (1999).

Brabant, Joseph A. (Joseph Anthony)

  • Person
  • 1925-1997

Born in Saskatchewan in 1925, Joseph Brabant moved to Montreal to attend McGill University, where he majored in classics and received a law degree. For forty years, he worked for the Sun Life Canada financial services company, a career that provided for a great deal of travel. He took advantage of his many business trips throughout North
America, Great Britain, Europe, and Asia to search antiquarian book shops for Carrolliana, a passion that began to gain momentum in the late 1960s. The diplomacy, judgment, and diligence that made him an excellent lawyer engendered his success as a collector. In addition to travelling, Brabant received a dozen catalogues each week and spent each morning writing an average of ten letters, establishing a global network of bookselling contacts. Required to relocate to Toronto in 1979, when Sun Life moved its corporate headquarters, Brabant stayed on there after retiring as Sun Life's House Councillor in 1990. In retirement, he was able to dedicate himself fully to his interest in Lewis Carroll, pursuing projects such as his Cheshire Cat edition of Alice in Wonderland, illustrated by George Walker and printed by Bill Poole, in addition to participation in conferences, scholarly
consultation, and, of course, collecting. Brabant's dedication ultimately yielded breathtaking results some ten thousand items that he tracked down individually, repaired, catalogued and shelved. Twenty years after his death, Joe, as he was known to his friends, is still remembered warmly in the Toronto book world for his geniality as well as his determination.

Buttrick, Ann

  • Person

Ann Buttrick is an artist and curator of art & architecture at the University of Technology in Jamaica.

Burns, Mary

  • Person
  • 1944-

Mary Burns was born and raised in Joliet, Illinois, near Chicago, emigrated to Canada in 1970, and now lives in Gibson's Landing, British Columbia. She has worked as a newspaper editor in northern British Columbia and the Yukon Territory before moving to Vancouver with her daughters in 1977. A former journalist and documentary film researcher/writer/director, she is now Chair of the Creative Writing Department at Douglas College, New Westminster, British Columbia, where she has taught fiction, play writing and personal narrative courses since 1989. Her stories have been published in a variety of literary magazines and broadcast on CBC and BBC Radio 3 Scotland.

Buckler, Ernest

  • Person
  • 1908-1984

Ernest Buckler was born in Nova Scotia and received his BA from Dalhousie University in 1929 and his MA in philosophy from the University of Toronto in 1930. From 1930 to 1936, he worked at the Manufacturers Life Insurance Company but then, due to failing health, returned to the valley, where he remained for the rest of his life. His writing career began in 1937 with contributions to the American magazine Esquire. Although he had published a story in the Trinity University Review in 1933 ("No Second Cup"), his first story to receive wide circulation was "One Quiet Afternoon," published in Esquire in April 1940. Other stories, articles, letters and poems followed, in magazines such as MacLean's, Saturday Night, The Canadian Home Journal, and Chatelaine. Novels and plays, including radio scripts, followed. Buckler's fame largely rests with his first novel, The Mountain and the Valley (1952), which is recognized as a Canadian classic.

Bryden, Ronald

  • Person
  • 1927-2004

Ronald Bryden, who devoted much of his professional life to writing and teaching about the theatre, was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad in 1927. He came to Canada as a teenager and completed his high school education in St. Catherines, Ont. He attended Trinity College at the Univ ersity of Toronto, where he became involved with the thriving theatre community at the university. After graduating with a bachelor of arts in English language and literature in 1950, he moved to England and attended Cambridge University. He earned a second bachelor’s degree in 1953, followed by an MA in 1958.

It was at Cambridge that Bryden began a career in journalism, writing book reviews. After graduating, he worked for the BBC before moving to The Spectator in 1961 to become its literary editor for three years. In 1964, Bryden turned his critical attentions to the world of theatre, beginning a period where he became one of the leading theatre critics of his generation. He was the drama critic for the New Statesman from 1964 to 1966, and followed that with a five-year stint as the drama critic at The Observer. It was at The Observer that he famously kick-started the career of Tom Stoppard when he wrote a glowing review of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead after seeing it at the 1966 Edinburgh Festival. It had been dismissed by other critics, but Bryden’s high praise (“punning, far-fetched, leaping from depth to dizziness”) led to it being staged the following year by the National Theatre at the Old Vic in London.

He left The Observer in 1971 to be the dramaturge for the Royal Shakespeare Company. While there, he commissioned his fellow Trinidadian Derek Walcott to write a ‘Caribbeanised’ version of the Don Juan legend entitled The Joker of Seville, which premiered in the Port of Spain in 1974. In 1976, he accepted an invitation to return to Canada to be a visiting professor at the University of Toronto’s Graduate Centre for Study of Drama. He eventually became a full professor and the Centre’s director. He’s the only person to have served ten years as director, from 1981 to 1991. He retired in1993. In addition to his academic work, he served on the boards of several Canadian theatre organizations, including the Stratford and Shaw Festivals (he was also a literary adviser for the Shaw in 1990s), and the Canadian Stage Company. He also continued to be a prolific writer, contributing articles and reviews to numerous publications (including Maclean’s magazine and the Globe and Mail), as well as authoring two collections of essays, The Unfinished Hero and Other Essays (1969) and Shaw and His Contemporaries (2002). Bryden died of complications following heart surgery in 2004 at the age of 72.

Brown, Russell

  • Person
  • [19–?]-

Russell Brown is professor emeritus of English at the University of Toronto, where he teaches Canadian literature. He formerly served as editor of the Lakehead University review (1972-1975), co-editor of Descant (1979-1983) and Editorial Director at McClelland and Stewart (1983-1988). He is the editor or co-editor of The Collected Poems of Al Purdy (1985); The Collected Poems of Patrick Lane (2011); An Anthology of Canadian Literature in English (2010); and The Penguin Book of English-Canadian Short Fiction (2005).

Branfill, Benjamin Aylett

  • Person
  • 1828-1899

Colonel Benjamin Aylett Branfill was an artist, remembered especially for his enormous founding contributions and pioneering influence to the art scene in the late nineteenth century in Nelson, New Zealand. He was a well-known illustrator and was published in T.L Wilson’s History and Topography of Upminster (1880). He was born on 26 February 1828 to Champion and Anne (nee Hammond) Branfill in Upminster, England. Benjamin was the fourth child of eight. He spent his childhood at Upminster Hall, a fifteenth-century Estate home that had been the ancestral home of his family since 1685. He was educated at Forest School in Walthamstow. Within the span of a year, between 1843 and 1844, Benjamin
would lose both his brother, Egerton, and his father of illness. On the 5 April 1846, at the age of 18, he joined the 10th Royal Hussars Cavalry regiment (Prince of Wales’ Own) at the rank of Cornet, but quickly rose to the rank of Lieutenant by 1847. He traveled to India with the regiment in 1846 and then to the Crimea in 1855. Upon returning to England in June 1856, he married Mary Anna Miers on 1 July 1857 at Cheltenham and they had 8 children: Champion Edward (b. 1858), Capel Aylett (b. 1859), Mary Leigh (b. 1860), Ethel Aylett (b. 1862), Helen Hammond (b. 1863), Egerton Brydges (b. 1864, d. 1866), Francis Lisle (b. 1865), and Benjamin (b. 1871). On 6 May 1859, he was assigned Deputy
Assistant Quartermaster General (DAQMG) in Ireland and lived in Dublin until 1864. From 1864 to 1881, he traveled widely, making trips to Gibraltar, Cape Town, and Mauritius, as well as having extended postings in Bermuda (May 1873- March 1874) and India (1875-1876). He retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel in October 1877. He inherited Upminster Hall in 1873 and resided there with his family after his retirement. In 1881, he immigrated to New Zealand and settled in Nelson. Once there, he became an art instructor
and critic for the Bishopdale Sketching Club. In New Zealand, Branfill’s life focused primarily on art, religious study, music, horticulture and photography. He died 4 January 1899 at the age of 70.

Boultbee, Horatio C.

  • Person
  • 1876-1952

Horatio Boultbee, 1876-1952, a brother of the architect, Arthur Boultbee, was trained as an architect, but did not practice. He devoted himself to the study of the English language. While he published very little, he was a considerable influence among a small circle of acquaintances who were interested in writing and the study of poetry.

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

  • Person
  • 1854-1937

Sir Robert Laird Borden was a Canadian political leader and prime minister between 1911-1920. He guided Canada through World War I and, through astute bargaining, achieved equal status for Canada with England within the Commonwealth.

Blunt, Giles

  • Person
  • 1952-

Giles Blunt (1952-) is a Canadian novelist, poet and screenwriter. He grew up in North Bay, Ontario. In 1980, he moved to New York City where he spent 22 years as an author and screenwriter before returning to Canada to settle in Toronto. He holds a degree in English literature from the University of Toronto and (as of 2014) an honorary doctorate of Education from Nissiping University (in North Bay, Ontario). Blunt began his career writing poetry, some of which was published in small Canadian magazines including Grain and Poetry Journal. As a screenwriter, Blunt wrote for the Canadian television crime series Diamonds (which aired from 1987-1987), and has written scripts for American-produced series, including Law & Order, Street Legal and Night Heat. According to Giles Blunt’s website as of September 2014, Canadian Television (CTV) is developing a television series based on his ‘ John Cardinal’ series of crime fiction books. Blunt is best known for his Canadian crime fiction novels. He is the author of nine books (four of which make up the John Cardinal series). His works have been published in Canada, the United States and the U.K. In 2001, Forty Words for Sorrow was awarded the British Crime Writers Silver Dagger Award, and two of his later novels The Delicate Storm and Until the Night won the Crime Writers of Canada Arthur Ellis Award for Best Novel (in 2003 and 2013).

Bliss, Michael

  • VIAF ID: 110214953
  • Person
  • 1941-2017

Michael Bliss was born in Kingsville, Ontario, in 1941. He is a professor of Canadian history at the University of Toronto and a prolific writer on a wide range of Canadian topics. He has received national prizes for both his literary journalism and his scholarship. His book, 'A Canadian Millionaire: The Life and Business Times of Sir Joseph Flavelle' (Macmillan of Canada: 1978), established his reputation as a distinguished historian and biographer. His next two books on the insulin discovery and on Banting are recognized as definitive works and have received much acclaim since their publication. Both have utilized extensively the collection of Banting's papers in the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.

Blatz, William E.

  • Person
  • 1895-1964

W.E Blatz was a developmental psychologist, who observed, advised and conducted research into the topics of infancy and early childhood. He was born in 1895 in Hamilton and received his B.A, M.A in Physiology and M.B at the University of Toronto and received his PhD in Psychology from the University of Chicago. He served as the research director of the Canadian National Committee of Mental Hygiene (1925-1935), and was the director of the University of Toronto’s Institute of Child Study (1925-1960). He also was appointed as the educational consultant for the Dionne Quintuplets between 1935 and 1938. He traveled to England in 1941 under the auspices of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene of Canada to survey the need for children welfare and other services in war-time, as a result of this visit, the Canadian Children’s Services was founded in 1942. Noted publications include The Management of Young Children (1930), Collected Studies on the Dionne Quintuplets (1937), the Five Sisters (1938), Hostages to peace (1940), Understanding the Young Child (1944), Twenty-Five years of Child Study (1951), Human Security: Some Reflections (1964).

Bland, J. O. P. (John Otway Percy)

  • Person
  • 1863-1945

John Otway Percy Bland was born in Malta, second son of Major-General E.L. Bland of County Antrim, Ireland. He was educated in Switzerland, at Victoria College, Jersey, and at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1883 he joined the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs and for some years was also private Secretary to Sir Robert Hart, resigning in 1896 to become Secretary to the Municipality for the Foreign Settlements at Shanghai. He became representative in China of the British and Chinese Corporation Ltd. in 1906, and negotiated four railway loans with the Chinese Government. In 1910 he resigned and left China. He had been Times Correspondent in Shanghai from 1897-1907 and in Peking, 1907-10. After his return to England he engaged chiefly in journalism. He published ten books under his own name, mainly on eastern affiars and current events. He is chiefly renowned for his collaboration with Sir Edmund Backhouse in China under the Empress Dowager, 1910, and Annals of the Court of Peking, 1913.

Birdsall & Son Bookbinders and Stationers

  • Corporate body
  • 1792-1961

The firm began in 1792 when William Birdsall purchased the small bookbinding business of John Lacy in Northampton, England. In the 1840's, Anthony Birdsall, great-nephew of the founder, bought the business and with his son, Richard, made it into one of the better known firms in the trade. The firm did the standard bindings which the general public requested as well as specializing in relieures-de-luxe and restoration work. Business continued to thrive until after the Second World War. When the factory closed its doors in 1961, it was the olderst firm in Northampton, with an international reputation for fine binding and restoration work. In 1968 the University of Toronto Library was able to purchase from Anthony Birdsall, 1877-1972, the last head of the firm, a collection of over 3,000 finishing tools. These are in constant use in the Rare Book Library Bindery, and have been described in 'The Birdsall Collection of Bookbinder's Finishing Tools', a pamphlet published by the University Library in 1972. Mr. Birdsall also gave the Library the Birdsall Book of Rubbings.

Bienkowska, Danuta Irena

  • Person
  • 1927-1974

Danuta Irena Czech was born in Torun, Poland, into the family of a noncommissioned officer. With the outbreak of war, she was evacuated with the rest of her family to Eastern Poland, spending a few months under Soviet occupation in a small town near the Toumanian border. Later the family was deported, first to the Komi republic, in the north of European Russia, and then to Uzbekistan, ending up in a Polish refugee camp in India. After the war, the family emigrated to England. As a brilliant student, Danuta had no difficulty continuing her education at the University of London, from where she received an honours B.A. in Russian and English literature in 1952. She had married in 1951, but the marriage was not a success, and after spending two years as a Russian specialist with the National Central Library in London, she emigrated to Canada, and continued her studies at the University of Toronto. Here she simultaneously worked on an M.A., and on a B.A. in Polish literature from the University of London. After receiving her M.A. in 1958, she worked briefly with the Catholic Children's Aid Society, until she was granted a two year Ford Foundation fellowship to study for a Ph.D in Polish literature at the School of Slavonic Studies (University of London). She chose as her topic the early work of Stefan Zeromski, successfully defending her thesis in 1965.

Beverley, Jo

  • Person
  • [19–?]-

Jo Beverley is the author of thirty-two published historical romances. She has been the recipient of numerous awards including the Golden Leaf, the Award of Excellence, the National Readers Choice, and a two Career Achievement awards from Romantic Times. She is also a five-time winner of the RITA, the top award of the Romance Writers Of America, and is a member of its Hall of Fame and Honor Roll.

Best, Charles Herbert

  • Person
  • 1899-1978

Charles Herbert Best was a Canadian physiologist and one of the co-discoverers of insulin. Born in Maine in 1899 to Canadian parents, Best moved to Toronto in 1915, where he completed a degree in physiology and biochemistry. In 1921, as a medical student at the University of Toronto, he worked as an assistant to Dr. Frederick Banting. Together they discovered the pancreatic hormone insulin, which became a treatment for diabetes. In 1923, Banting and J.J.R Macleod were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of insulin, while Best was not named in the award, Banting chose to give half of the prize money to Best. Best became a professor of physiology at the University of Toronto in 1927. During his time in the department, he co-authored the textbook The Physiological Basis of Medical Practice (1937) with Norman B. Taylor. After Banting’s death in 1941, Best also became the head of the Banting and Best Department of Medical Research at the University of Toronto. During WWII, Best developed a method of separating and drying blood plasma serum, which could be sent to the front, reconstituted and transfused into wounded soldiers. Best served as an adviser to the Medical Research Committee of the United Nations World Health Organization, and was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1967. He retired in 1965 and died in 1978.

Bernhardt, Karl Schofield

  • Person
  • 1901-1967

Bernhardt was educated at Orillia Collegiate, the University of Toronto (B.A., 1926 and M.A., 1929) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1933). He was a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto (1943-1964), and assistant director (1936-1960) and then director of the Institute of Child Study (1960-1964). After his retirement in 1964, he was named professor emeritus and director emeritus.

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