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People and organizations
Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library, University of Toronto

Innis, Mary Quayle

Mary Quayle Innis was an economist, writer, editor, and academic administrator. She was born in St. Mary's, Ohio, on April 13, 1899. From 1915 to 1919 she attended the University of Chicago, graduating with a Ph.B. in English. There she met a young Canadian economics instructor, Harold Adams Innis. They married in 1921. After they started a family, she continued writing while at home and published a number of stories in the Canadian Forum. She also wrote An Economic History of Canada (1935), which became a standard university text. During the 1940s, she began publishing short stories (forty-five in total) in Saturday Night magazine. After her husband's death in 1952, she entered a more public life. In 1955, she became Dean of Women at University College at the University of Waterloo, where she served for nine years. During these years, Innis continued to write and publish stories and also worked as an editor. She died in 1972.

Wallace, William Stewart

William Stewart Wallace was born at Georgetown, Ont., in 1884. He was Chief Librarian of the University of Toronto between 1922-54. He was president of the Ontario Library Association in 1942/43 and of the Canadian Library Association in 1950/51. He made many contributions to Canadian literature, and in 1957 authored the Report on provincial library service in Ontario, which was a catalyst for creation of the Provincial Library Service in 1959. He died in 1970.

Mavor, James

James Mavor, economist, economic historian and professor of political economy. He was born 8 December 1854 in Stranraer, Scotland. He attended the University of Glasgow and taught economy and statistics at St. Mungo’s College in Glasgow. He became involved in socialist groups as a means to assist the poor, and became acquainted with William Morris and George Bernard Shaw. Ultimately, his knowledge of economics led him to reject Marxist ideals. In 1892, he became the first professor of political economy at the University of Toronto, a position he would hold until his retirement in 1923. Between 1898 and 1899, Mavor was instrumental in bringing the Doukhobors to Canada. Mavor held many professional and personal interests, including economic history, Russian studies and the arts. He assisted in the founding of the Art Museum of Toronto and the Royal Ontario Museum, and authored several books including Economic History of Russia (1914), Niagara in Politics: A Critical Account of the Ontario Hydroelectric Commission (1925) and his memoirs, My Windows on the Street of the World (1923). James Mavor died in 1925.

Bauer, Walter

  • VIAF ID: 17328454
  • Person
  • 1904-1976

German poet and writer emigrated to Canada in 1952. Professor of German at the University of Toronto. Won the Albert Schweitzer prize for his biography of Fritjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer. Published over 60 books.

Bliss, Michael

  • VIAF ID: 110214953
  • Person
  • 1941-2017

Michael Bliss was born in Kingsville, Ontario, in 1941. He is a professor of Canadian history at the University of Toronto and a prolific writer on a wide range of Canadian topics. He has received national prizes for both his literary journalism and his scholarship. His book, 'A Canadian Millionaire: The Life and Business Times of Sir Joseph Flavelle' (Macmillan of Canada: 1978), established his reputation as a distinguished historian and biographer. His next two books on the insulin discovery and on Banting are recognized as definitive works and have received much acclaim since their publication. Both have utilized extensively the collection of Banting's papers in the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library.

Gilbert, Stephen G.

  • MS Coll. 413
  • Person
  • 1931-2014

Stephen Goltra Gilbert was born 18 January 1931 in Portland, Oregon. He received a degree in art in a joint degree program with the Pacific Northwest College of Art (PNCA) in 1952, with a thesis on woodcarving. Following graduation, Gilbert spent three years in the U.S Army Medical Corps and after his discharge, he was accepted to a three-year program to study medical illustration with Muriel McLatchie Miller at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Gilbert received his first job as a medical illustrator from Dr. John Bonica at the Tacoma General Hospital in Washington. Between 1958 and 1961, Gilbert worked as a medical artist for the School of Medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle. In 1961, Gilbert left his position at the University of Washington to work on his own anatomical drawings. He moved to farm in Albany, Oregon and over the period of twelve years produced six zoological anatomical atlases includes: Pictorial Anatomy of the Fetal Pig (1963), Pictorial Anatomy of the Frog (1965), Atlas of General Zoology (1965), Pictorial Anatomy of the Cat (1968), Ms Coll 289 Gilbert (Stephen) Drawings 2 Pictorial Anatomy of the Dogfish (1973) and Pictorial Anatomy of the Necturus (1973). In 1973, Gilbert joined Arts as Applied to Medicine program at the University of Toronto as a part-time lecturer. Between 1982 and 1985, Gilbert spent each summer in Japan training Yuzuru Matsuda’s staff in medical illustration. Gilbert was very successful at the University of Toronto, and was made a full professor in 1995. He also authored Pictorial Human Embryology in 1989 and Outline of Cat Anatomy with Reference to the Human in 1999, both with the University of Toronto Press. One of Gilbert’s ongoing projects was human anatomical illustrations for Dr. Anne Agur, a professor at the University of Toronto and the current editor of Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. Gilbert retired in 2010 but continued to teach classes as a Professor Emeritus in pen and ink drawing.

Gilbert’s other passion was tattoos. He received his first tattoo at the age of 15, and according to Dino Pulera in 2006, “today, he is so covered with tattoos that he only has a small patch of ‘blank canvas’ remaining behind his left knee.” Gilbert worked as a tattoo artist and historian and edited and introduced the text Tattoo History: A Source Book: An Anthology of Historical Records of Tattooing throughout the World (2000) (as Steve Gilbert). Gilbert died 21 February 2014 of Parkinson’s disease.

Allen, Ralph

  • Person
  • 1913-1966

Novelist, journalist and editor of Toronto Daily Star, Maclean's magazine.

Baillie, James Little

  • Person
  • 1904-1970

James Little Baillie was a Canadian naturalist and ornithologist. He joined the staff at the Royal Ontario Museum, in the department of Ornithology, in 1922 and would serve consecutively as technical assistant, research assistant and assistant curator until his death in 1970. He began writing a weekly column on birds in the Toronto Evening Telegram in 1931 and would continue for 39 years. He would eventually write feature articles and host guiding nature tours through the Telegram. He also worked as a prolific lecturer and writer on the topic of ornithology, giving lectures at the University of Toronto and penning over 300 articles. He was a founding member of the Toronto Ornithological club, the Toronto Field Biologists’ Club and the Brodie Club.

Balfour, James

  • Person
  • 1854-1917

James Balfour was born in Hamilton in 1854. His father, Peter Balfour (1819-1897), emigrated to Canada from Scotland in 1842 and settled in Hamilton where he opened his own business as builder, carpenter, and joiner, and leter served as city alderman and assessment comissioner. James Balfour, at age eighteen, was sent to apprentice with the prominent Scottish architectural firm of Frank Peddie and John Kinnear in Edinburgh. After spending an additional year in New York, he returned to Hamilton in 1876 to open his own practice at the age of twenty-two. In the 1880's and 90's Balfour carried out several major comissions in Hamilton and elsewhere. These included an office building in Hamilton for the Canada Life Assurance Company (1883) Hamilton City Hall (1887-90); Detroit Institute of Fine Arts (ca. 1887), a building for which a competition was held with entries by leading American and Canadian architects the YMCA residence in Hamilton (1889); the Hamilton Boys' Home (ca.1892); the Tuckett Tobacco Factory in Hamilton (ca. 1895); and Alma Ladies' College in St. Thomas (ca. 1896).

Barbarian Press

  • Corporate body
  • 1977-

Barbarian Press was established in 1977 in Kent, England, where the Elsteds worked with Graham Williams at the Florin Press. Having acquired three flatbed hand presses – an 1850 super royal Hopkinson & Cope Albion, an 1833 foolscap folio Barrett bench Albion, and an 1854 foolscap folio Sherwin & Cope Imperial – together with many cases of type, they returned to their native Canada in 1978 and set up shop in Mission, British Columbia, about 50 miles east of Vancouver in the Fraser Valley, where they remain. To the English hand presses they have added Vandercook Universal I and Universal III proofing presses, two Chandler & Price vertical platen presses, much more type, and a small hand bindery.

The press’s publications range from new English translations of poetry and prose from various languages and new poetry in English to bibliography, illustrated classics, typography, and books on wood engraving. This last has become a particular speciality since the publication in 1995 of Endgrain: Contemporary Wood Engraving in North America, which was greeted with considerable acclaim, and is now widely sought after. This has spawned an ongoing series of books called Endgrain Editions, each showing selected work of a single engraver, printed from the original blocks, with an introduction and a catalogue of major works. The first of these, on Canadian engraver Gerard Brender à Brandis, appeared in 2000; the fourth volume, on Simon Brett, was published in 2014, and further volumes are planned.

Bryden, Ronald

  • Person
  • 1927-2004

Ronald Bryden, who devoted much of his professional life to writing and teaching about the theatre, was born in Port of Spain, Trinidad in 1927. He came to Canada as a teenager and completed his high school education in St. Catherines, Ont. He attended Trinity College at the Univ ersity of Toronto, where he became involved with the thriving theatre community at the university. After graduating with a bachelor of arts in English language and literature in 1950, he moved to England and attended Cambridge University. He earned a second bachelor’s degree in 1953, followed by an MA in 1958.

It was at Cambridge that Bryden began a career in journalism, writing book reviews. After graduating, he worked for the BBC before moving to The Spectator in 1961 to become its literary editor for three years. In 1964, Bryden turned his critical attentions to the world of theatre, beginning a period where he became one of the leading theatre critics of his generation. He was the drama critic for the New Statesman from 1964 to 1966, and followed that with a five-year stint as the drama critic at The Observer. It was at The Observer that he famously kick-started the career of Tom Stoppard when he wrote a glowing review of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead after seeing it at the 1966 Edinburgh Festival. It had been dismissed by other critics, but Bryden’s high praise (“punning, far-fetched, leaping from depth to dizziness”) led to it being staged the following year by the National Theatre at the Old Vic in London.

He left The Observer in 1971 to be the dramaturge for the Royal Shakespeare Company. While there, he commissioned his fellow Trinidadian Derek Walcott to write a ‘Caribbeanised’ version of the Don Juan legend entitled The Joker of Seville, which premiered in the Port of Spain in 1974. In 1976, he accepted an invitation to return to Canada to be a visiting professor at the University of Toronto’s Graduate Centre for Study of Drama. He eventually became a full professor and the Centre’s director. He’s the only person to have served ten years as director, from 1981 to 1991. He retired in1993. In addition to his academic work, he served on the boards of several Canadian theatre organizations, including the Stratford and Shaw Festivals (he was also a literary adviser for the Shaw in 1990s), and the Canadian Stage Company. He also continued to be a prolific writer, contributing articles and reviews to numerous publications (including Maclean’s magazine and the Globe and Mail), as well as authoring two collections of essays, The Unfinished Hero and Other Essays (1969) and Shaw and His Contemporaries (2002). Bryden died of complications following heart surgery in 2004 at the age of 72.

Best, Charles Herbert

  • Person
  • 1899-1978

Charles Herbert Best was a Canadian physiologist and one of the co-discoverers of insulin. Born in Maine in 1899 to Canadian parents, Best moved to Toronto in 1915, where he completed a degree in physiology and biochemistry. In 1921, as a medical student at the University of Toronto, he worked as an assistant to Dr. Frederick Banting. Together they discovered the pancreatic hormone insulin, which became a treatment for diabetes. In 1923, Banting and J.J.R Macleod were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of insulin, while Best was not named in the award, Banting chose to give half of the prize money to Best. Best became a professor of physiology at the University of Toronto in 1927. During his time in the department, he co-authored the textbook The Physiological Basis of Medical Practice (1937) with Norman B. Taylor. After Banting’s death in 1941, Best also became the head of the Banting and Best Department of Medical Research at the University of Toronto. During WWII, Best developed a method of separating and drying blood plasma serum, which could be sent to the front, reconstituted and transfused into wounded soldiers. Best served as an adviser to the Medical Research Committee of the United Nations World Health Organization, and was made a Companion of the Order of Canada in 1967. He retired in 1965 and died in 1978.

Auger, Roger

  • Person

Roger Auger is a Canadian antiquarian bookseller based in Quebec City, Quebec specializing in art, local (Quebec) history, and travel-related books and manuscripts. He was the president of the Antiquarian Booksellers Association of Canada from 2006-2008.

Grosskurth, Phyllis

  • Person
  • 1924-2015

biographical note
Canadian scholar and writer, Phyllis Grosskurth was born in Toronto. She began teaching English at the University of Toronto in 1965 and retired in 1989. Her teaching and research has focused on biography and the history of psychoanalysis. She has published several biographies, notably John Addington Symonds: A Biography (1964), which won the Governor-General's Award for nonfiction and the University of British Columbia Award for Biography in 1965. Her other books include Leslie Stephen (1968), Gabrielle Roy (1969), Havelock Ellis: A Biography (1980), Melanie Klein: Her World and Her Work (1986), Margaret Mead (1988), The Secret Ring: Freud's Inner Circle and the Politics of Psychoanalysis (1991), Byron: The Flawed Angel (1997), and Elusive Subject: A Biographer's Life (1999).

Berry, Michelle

  • Person
  • 1968-

Michelle Berry is the author of three books of short stories, How to Get There from Here (1997), Margaret Lives in the Basement (1998), and I Still Don’t Even Know You (which won the 2011 Mary Scorer Award for Best Book Published by a Manitoba Publisher and was shortlisted for the ReLit Award, 2011), as well as five novels, What We All Want (2001), Blur (2002), Blind Crescent (2005) and This Book Will Not Save Your Life (which won the 2010 Colophon Award and was longlisted for the ReLit Award, 2011), and Interference (2014). Her writing has been optioned for film and published in the U.K. She is also co-editor with Natalee Caple of The Notebooks: Interviews and New Fiction from Contemporary Writers (2002), and has collaborated on an art book with Winnipeg artist Andrew Valko called Postcard Fictions (2001). Michelle taught creative writing at Ryerson University, Humber College and Trent University, was on the board of PEN Canada and the authors’ committee of the Writer’s Trust and served as Second Vice-Chair of The Writer’s Union. Michelle is a contributing reviewer for The Globe and Mail, with over 50 reviews published. She presently teaches online for The University of Toronto, in class at Trent University, and is a mentor at Humber College. She lives in Peterborough, Ontario where she currently runs her own bookstore, Hunter Street Books.

Blatz, William E.

  • Person
  • 1895-1964

W.E Blatz was a developmental psychologist, who observed, advised and conducted research into the topics of infancy and early childhood. He was born in 1895 in Hamilton and received his B.A, M.A in Physiology and M.B at the University of Toronto and received his PhD in Psychology from the University of Chicago. He served as the research director of the Canadian National Committee of Mental Hygiene (1925-1935), and was the director of the University of Toronto’s Institute of Child Study (1925-1960). He also was appointed as the educational consultant for the Dionne Quintuplets between 1935 and 1938. He traveled to England in 1941 under the auspices of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene of Canada to survey the need for children welfare and other services in war-time, as a result of this visit, the Canadian Children’s Services was founded in 1942. Noted publications include The Management of Young Children (1930), Collected Studies on the Dionne Quintuplets (1937), the Five Sisters (1938), Hostages to peace (1940), Understanding the Young Child (1944), Twenty-Five years of Child Study (1951), Human Security: Some Reflections (1964).

Boultbee, Horatio C.

  • Person
  • 1876-1952

Horatio Boultbee, 1876-1952, a brother of the architect, Arthur Boultbee, was trained as an architect, but did not practice. He devoted himself to the study of the English language. While he published very little, he was a considerable influence among a small circle of acquaintances who were interested in writing and the study of poetry.

Atwood, Margaret

  • Person
  • 1939-

Margaret Atwood was born in 1939 in Ottawa, and grew up in northern Ontario and Quebec, and in Toronto. She received her undergraduate degree from Victoria College at the University of Toronto and her master’s degree from Radcliffe College.

Margaret Atwood is the author of more than forty volumes of poetry, children’s literature, fiction, and non-fiction, but is best known for her novels, which include The Edible Woman (1969), The Handmaid’s Tale (1985), The Robber Bride (1994), Alias Grace (1996), and The Blind Assassin, which won the prestigious Booker Prize in 2000. Her latest work is a book of short stories called Stone Mattress: Nine Tales (2014). Her newest novel, MaddAddam (2013), is the final volume in a three-book series that began with the Man-Booker prize-nominated Oryx and Crake (2003) and continued with The Year of the Flood (2009). The Tent (mini-fictions) and Moral Disorder (short fiction) both appeared in 2006. Her most recent volume of poetry, The Door, was published in 2007. In Other Worlds: SF and the Human Imagination, a collection of non-fiction essays appeared in 2011. Her non-fiction book, Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth was adapted for the screen in 2012. Ms. Atwood’s work has been published in more than forty languages, including Farsi, Japanese, Turkish, Finnish, Korean, Icelandic and Estonian.

Margaret Atwood currently lives in Toronto with writer Graeme Gibson.

Avenus, Martin

  • Person
  • 1928-2011

Martin (aka Marty) Ahvenus, born in Toronto in 1928, was for over 30 years the proprietor of Village Books, which he first opened on Toronto’s Gerrard Street in June 1961. At the time, Gerrard St. was akin to New York’s Greenwich Village, and Ahvenus’ shop became a favoured place for young writers and poets, including Al Purdy, bp Nichol (who used the store as his mailing address), Margaret Atwood, Michael Ondaatje, Milton Acorn, Joe Rosenblatt and Gwendolyn MacEwen, among many others. Ahvenus was an early champion of contemporary Canadian poetry, and was one of only a handful of booksellers that stocked it in a serious way, including many small press imprints.

Allin, Albert Ellis

  • Person
  • 1906-1966

Albert Ellis Allin, 1906-1966, was a physician, naturalist and writer who spent most of his working career in Fort Williams, Ontario, where he collected specimens of birds, eggs, and flowers which he sent to the Royal Ontario Museum for its collections.

Attin, Harold B.

  • Person
  • [19--]

Harold Attin was a student of modern French history.

Bagnani, Gilbert

  • Person
  • 1900-1985

Gilbert Bagnani was born in Rome in 1900, and educated in Italy and England. In 1929, after his marriage to Stewart Houston he joined the Italian School of Classical Studies in Athens, and served with the Royal Italiian Archaeological Mission in Egypt for seven years. They moved to a farm near Port Hope in 1937. In 1945 he was asked to fill temporarily a vacancy in the Department of Classics, University College where he taught for twenty years. He retired in 1965 from the University of Toronto, but he then taught at Trent University for another ten years, retiring in 1975. He died in 1985. In 1960 he gave his collection of Petronius to the newly established Department of Rare Books and Special Collections. After his death the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library received a bequest from his collection of books and manuscripts.

Bailey, Don

  • Person
  • 1942-

Novelist, poet, story writer, playwright, television and film writer born in Toronto in 1942 and spent the first years of his life in that city. He has lived in Vancouver, Peterborough County, Winnipeg and elsewhere in Canada. He became a writer while serving a prison sentence. Bailey has little formal education, having quit school when he was thirteen after completing grade 8. However he studied journalism through correspondence courses during his stay in prison and discovered that he had talent both as a writer and as a person interested in helping others.

After he was released from prison Bailey worked in corrections while trying to make his living as an author. He started an agency in Toronto called Springboard and has run halfway homes in Winnipeg and Peterborough, which attempted to keep families of inmates together.

Bailey's work has been published in numerous magazines: West Coast Review, Saturday Night, Tamarack Review, Canadian Forum, Quarry and the Toronto Star. His work has been read on CBC radio and he has written several television plays, among them Nightfall (CBC, 1980); Shared Accommodation (CBC, 1980), All Sales Final (played at the St. Lawrence Centre in Toronto).

Some of his published books are:

My Bareness Is Not Just My Body. Poetry. Fiddlehead, 1971.
If You Hum Me a Few Bars I Might Remember the Tune. Stories. Oberon, 1973.
The Shapes Around Me. Poetry. Fiddlehead, 1973.
The Sorry Papers. Stories. Oberon Press, 1979.
Making Up. Stories. Oberon. 1981.
The Final Approach. Novel. Oberon, 1983.
Swim For Your Life. Novel. Oberon, 1984.
Bring Me Your Passion. Novel. Oberon, 1987.
Homeless Hearts. Poetry. Quarry, 1989.
Sunflowers Never Sleep. Novel. Prentice-Hall, 1990.
Window Dressing, Novel. Oberon, 1994.
Going Home, Oberon, 1995.

Batten, Jack

  • Person
  • 1932-

Jack Batten is a Toronto-based writer and journalist. Born in Montreal, Batten practiced law from 1959 to 1963, before turning his full attention to writing. He is the author of over thirty books, including non-fiction on biographies, history, sports, law, as well as young adult and crime novels. As a freelance journalist, Batten has written for magazines including Maclean’s, Rolling Stone, Chatelaine, Toronto Life and Reader’s Digest. He reviewed Jazz in the Globe and Mail in the 1970s, reviewed movies on CBC radio for 25 years and since 1998 has contributed a biweekly whodunit column in the Toronto Star.

Beckerman, Miriam

  • Person

Miriam Beckerman is an award-winning Yiddish translator who was born in Toronto where she has lived all her life except for five years in Israel (1947-1952). She has had five books published: (1) Wartime Experiences in Lithuania by Rivka Lozansky Bogomolnaya, Vallentine Mitchell, 2000; (2) Nightmares - Memoirs of the Years of Horrors Under Nazi Rule in Europe, 1939-1945, by Konrad Charmatz, Syracuse University Press, 2003; (3) Haftling (Prisoner) No. 94771, Experiences in German Lagers (camps), 1941-1945, Concordia University, 2003; (4) The Book of Borszcow, a yizkor book, 2005; and (5) A Thousand Threads - a story told through Yiddish Letters, Remembrance Books, Washington, DC, 2005. Miriam's translations have also appeared in the Canadian Jewish News, Pakn Treger, Parchment, Lifestyles International, as well as translations into Yiddish in the Yiddish Forward. Miriam Beckerman is a graduate of York University, Toronto, earning a Bachelor of Arts in 1973 and a Bachelor of Arts with Honours in 1995.

Brown, Russell

  • Person
  • [19–?]-

Russell Brown is professor emeritus of English at the University of Toronto, where he teaches Canadian literature. He formerly served as editor of the Lakehead University review (1972-1975), co-editor of Descant (1979-1983) and Editorial Director at McClelland and Stewart (1983-1988). He is the editor or co-editor of The Collected Poems of Al Purdy (1985); The Collected Poems of Patrick Lane (2011); An Anthology of Canadian Literature in English (2010); and The Penguin Book of English-Canadian Short Fiction (2005).

Bernhardt, Karl Schofield

  • Person
  • 1901-1967

Bernhardt was educated at Orillia Collegiate, the University of Toronto (B.A., 1926 and M.A., 1929) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1933). He was a professor of psychology at the University of Toronto (1943-1964), and assistant director (1936-1960) and then director of the Institute of Child Study (1960-1964). After his retirement in 1964, he was named professor emeritus and director emeritus.

Beverley, Jo

  • Person
  • [19–?]-

Jo Beverley is the author of thirty-two published historical romances. She has been the recipient of numerous awards including the Golden Leaf, the Award of Excellence, the National Readers Choice, and a two Career Achievement awards from Romantic Times. She is also a five-time winner of the RITA, the top award of the Romance Writers Of America, and is a member of its Hall of Fame and Honor Roll.

Branfill, Benjamin Aylett

  • Person
  • 1828-1899

Colonel Benjamin Aylett Branfill was an artist, remembered especially for his enormous founding contributions and pioneering influence to the art scene in the late nineteenth century in Nelson, New Zealand. He was a well-known illustrator and was published in T.L Wilson’s History and Topography of Upminster (1880). He was born on 26 February 1828 to Champion and Anne (nee Hammond) Branfill in Upminster, England. Benjamin was the fourth child of eight. He spent his childhood at Upminster Hall, a fifteenth-century Estate home that had been the ancestral home of his family since 1685. He was educated at Forest School in Walthamstow. Within the span of a year, between 1843 and 1844, Benjamin
would lose both his brother, Egerton, and his father of illness. On the 5 April 1846, at the age of 18, he joined the 10th Royal Hussars Cavalry regiment (Prince of Wales’ Own) at the rank of Cornet, but quickly rose to the rank of Lieutenant by 1847. He traveled to India with the regiment in 1846 and then to the Crimea in 1855. Upon returning to England in June 1856, he married Mary Anna Miers on 1 July 1857 at Cheltenham and they had 8 children: Champion Edward (b. 1858), Capel Aylett (b. 1859), Mary Leigh (b. 1860), Ethel Aylett (b. 1862), Helen Hammond (b. 1863), Egerton Brydges (b. 1864, d. 1866), Francis Lisle (b. 1865), and Benjamin (b. 1871). On 6 May 1859, he was assigned Deputy
Assistant Quartermaster General (DAQMG) in Ireland and lived in Dublin until 1864. From 1864 to 1881, he traveled widely, making trips to Gibraltar, Cape Town, and Mauritius, as well as having extended postings in Bermuda (May 1873- March 1874) and India (1875-1876). He retired as a Lieutenant-Colonel in October 1877. He inherited Upminster Hall in 1873 and resided there with his family after his retirement. In 1881, he immigrated to New Zealand and settled in Nelson. Once there, he became an art instructor
and critic for the Bishopdale Sketching Club. In New Zealand, Branfill’s life focused primarily on art, religious study, music, horticulture and photography. He died 4 January 1899 at the age of 70.

Borden, Robert Laird, Sir

  • Person
  • 1854-1937

Sir Robert Laird Borden was a Canadian political leader and prime minister between 1911-1920. He guided Canada through World War I and, through astute bargaining, achieved equal status for Canada with England within the Commonwealth.

Brabant, Joseph A. (Joseph Anthony)

  • Person
  • 1925-1997

Born in Saskatchewan in 1925, Joseph Brabant moved to Montreal to attend McGill University, where he majored in classics and received a law degree. For forty years, he worked for the Sun Life Canada financial services company, a career that provided for a great deal of travel. He took advantage of his many business trips throughout North
America, Great Britain, Europe, and Asia to search antiquarian book shops for Carrolliana, a passion that began to gain momentum in the late 1960s. The diplomacy, judgment, and diligence that made him an excellent lawyer engendered his success as a collector. In addition to travelling, Brabant received a dozen catalogues each week and spent each morning writing an average of ten letters, establishing a global network of bookselling contacts. Required to relocate to Toronto in 1979, when Sun Life moved its corporate headquarters, Brabant stayed on there after retiring as Sun Life's House Councillor in 1990. In retirement, he was able to dedicate himself fully to his interest in Lewis Carroll, pursuing projects such as his Cheshire Cat edition of Alice in Wonderland, illustrated by George Walker and printed by Bill Poole, in addition to participation in conferences, scholarly
consultation, and, of course, collecting. Brabant's dedication ultimately yielded breathtaking results some ten thousand items that he tracked down individually, repaired, catalogued and shelved. Twenty years after his death, Joe, as he was known to his friends, is still remembered warmly in the Toronto book world for his geniality as well as his determination.

Burns, Mary

  • Person
  • 1944-

Mary Burns was born and raised in Joliet, Illinois, near Chicago, emigrated to Canada in 1970, and now lives in Gibson's Landing, British Columbia. She has worked as a newspaper editor in northern British Columbia and the Yukon Territory before moving to Vancouver with her daughters in 1977. A former journalist and documentary film researcher/writer/director, she is now Chair of the Creative Writing Department at Douglas College, New Westminster, British Columbia, where she has taught fiction, play writing and personal narrative courses since 1989. Her stories have been published in a variety of literary magazines and broadcast on CBC and BBC Radio 3 Scotland.

Alexander, W. J. (William John)

  • Person
  • 1855-1944

William John Alexander was born of Scottish parents in Hamilton, Canada West, in 1855. He was educated in Hamilton and at the University of Toronto where he won a scholarship which enabled him to study English at the University of Wales College in Charlottetown for two years. He obtained a PhD in Greek And Philology at the newly constituted Johns Hopkins University in 1833, and spent a further year studying modern languages in Heidelberg. Dr. Alexander was appointed professor of English language and literature at Dalhousie University in 1884. Attracted by Alexander's reputation as a scholar and teacher, the University of Toronto hired him as Professor of English in 1889. He occupied the chair of English at University College until his retirement in 1927, enriching the lives of several generations of students by his knowledge and enthusiasm. He worked with the Department of Education in improving English text books for public schools and high schools. He edited Shorter Poems and Short Stories and Essays for use in Ontario high schools. His selection of poems is especially interesting, covering the entire range of English literature from the early ballads (one of his great loves) to the free verse of his century. He died in 1944 while visiting his daughter, Mrs. Carleton Stanley, in Halifax.

Appell, M. R. (Melvin Robert)

  • Person
  • 1943-

M.R. (Melvin Robert) Appell was born in Kitchener, Ont., in 1943. He has been writing poetry since the early 1960s. His work has appeared in The Antigonish Review, The New Quarterly, Volume 63, Alive Magazine, Mountain, Weed and The Canadian Review, among other periodicals. In 1968, he won the Dorothy Shoemaker Award, judged by Irving Layton. He currently lives in Newfoundland.

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