Showing 3466 results

People and organizations

Abel, Albert Salisbury

Albert S. Abel was born in Iowa and studied at Harvard University. He was professor of law at the University of West Virginia before coming to the University of Toronto in 1955. He was known as a specialist in constitutional law and on environmental issues such as pollution. He died May 6, 1978

Abols, Gesta Janie "Gus"

  • Person

President, Students' Administrative Council, University of Toronto, 1969-1970.

Acland, James Headly

James Acland was professor of architecture in the University of Toronto School of Architecture from 1958 until his death in 1976. His main research and teaching interest was in historical architecture of the medieval period.

James Acland was born in Toronto in 1917. After attending Ecoles des Beaux Arts and McGill University in Montreal, he graduated from Syracuse University New York with a B.A. in Architecture in 1942. During World War II, he worked on factory designs and from 1942-1945 was with Canadian Army Photo Intelligence. After obtaining an M.A. in Philosophy from Harvard University in 1952, he returned to the study and teaching of architecture and held positions at the University of Utah and the University of British Columbia. In 1956, he returned to his hometown to become associate professor and later professor at the University of Toronto’s, School of Architecture.

Both his research and teaching focused on the history of architecture. Much of his research related to land use and how it affects architecture, the development of complex towns in the medieval period and early European building traditions. His study in these areas resulted in several articles and culminated in his book Medieval Structure: The Gothic Vault, University of Toronto Press, 1972. The subjects he taught related directly to his interest on the history of architecture and included courses such as the History of Medieval Architecture, Renaissance Architecture, European Tradition of Framed Building, Mediterranean Tradition of Mass and Shell Building, Medieval Structures, to list a few.

Starting in 1962, Acland popularized his ideas on the history of architecture by appearing in two CBC television series Man in a Landscape and Wall and Window. In these shows, and many to follow, he was the speaker, actively developed the script and provided photographs, and drawings. Through the 1960s, he continued to be involved in television programming and educational films.

Acland’s interest in the history of architecture led him to become an advocate of architectural and heritage conservation. In the 1960s, he was active in the Stop the Spadina Committee and, as chair of the Friends of Old City Hall, he was instrumental in saving Toronto’s Old City Hall (now the City Court House) from demolition. From 1969-1971, he was president of the Architectural Conservancy of Ontario and organized a computer inventory of historic buildings through the National Historic Sites Service. Many of his articles related to his conservation work. His work with Eric Arthur on maritime architecture most certainly did – Building by the Sea, University of Toronto Press, 1962. James Acland died on June 22, 1976. He was still teaching in the School of Architecture and was writing a history of house and street.

Acres, Henry G.

  • Person

Student in mechanical and electrical engineering at the Ontario School of Practical Science from 1900-1903.

Adam Chapnick

  • F2341
  • Person
  • 1976-

Adam Chapnick was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 1 August 1976, the son of Lorne and Sharon Chapnick (née Ritter). He was the first of three children. He was educated at the University of Toronto Schools, Trent University, the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs (Carleton University), and the University of Toronto. He was a co-director of the University of Toronto’s Teaching Assistants’ Training Programme, 2003-2005. He was a sessional instructor at the University of Toronto between 2003 and 2006, and a sessional instructor at Ryerson University between 2007 and 2009. He has taught defence studies at the Canadian Forces College, a part of the Royal Military College of Canada, since 2006. He is the author or editor of numerous books and scholarly publications.

Adams, Manette Fishwick

  • Person
  • 1926-2016

Manette Fishwick Adams was born in Roanoke, Virginia on January 5, 1926. She received her BA degree from Hollins College and her MA degree from Yale University. She died at Whitney Center in Hamden, Connecticut on November 17, 2016.

Addison, Margaret Eleanor Theodora

Margaret Eleanor Theodora Addison was born in 1868 in Horning's Mills, Ontario. She graduated from Victoria College in 1889 with a B.A. After graduation, she taught in high schools and at the Ontario Ladies' College in Whitby. In 1900 she travelled to Europe to study educational methods and was inspired by women's higher education there, particularly with the sense of college life that women students had; made possible through ensuring that they had space on campuses, something that Victoria College had lacked when Addison had attended. Back in Toronto, one of her goals to make a residence for women at Victoria had become a reality. Annesley Hall, the first women's residence was opening in 1903 and Addison had been asked by Mrs. Burwash, the President of the Victoria Women's Residence and Educational Association (later the V.W.A), to serve as Dean of Annesley Hall. In 1920, she was appointed as and Dean of Women at Victoria University, to reflect that not all women lived on campus. She served in this role until 1931 when she retired. Addison was also involved with the International Y.W.C.A., the Student Christian Movement, and the University Club. Margaret Addison died in 1940.

Aird, John Black

  • Person

Chancellor of the University of Toronto.

Aitken, William Ewart Maurice

  • Person

William Ewart Maurice Aitken, B.A. (University College, 1908), M.A., 1909, was head of the department of English at Western Branch Technical School, Toronto, from 1928 to 1931, when he resigned to take up an appointment at the Normal School in the city.

Albert College (Belleville, Ont.)

Albert College was established as Belleville Seminary in 1857. Its name was changed to Albert College in 1866, and when it later affiliated with Victoria University in 1884, it gave up its right to grant degrees.

Aldeburgh Connection

The Aldeburgh Connection was founded in 1982 by pianists Stephen Ralls and Bruce Ubukata. Former faculty members, pianists, and coaches at the Britten-Pears School in Aldeburgh, England, Ralls and Ubukata moved to Toronto in 1978 for positions at the Faculty of Music, University of Toronto.

Starting in 1982, Ralls and Ubukata developed a Sunday afternoon vocal and piano concert series in Walter Hall that featured leading Canadian singers. The Aldeburgh Connection was officially formed as an organization and registered charity in 1986 under the name “The Aldeburgh Connection Concert Society.” Their founding patron was Sir Peter Pears, and Ralls and Ubukata were co-artistic directors.

Each concert in the Sunday afternoon series was based on a theme (musical, literary, or a historical character or period) and integrated music and narration, based on letters, diaries, newspapers, and poetry. In addition to this concert series, which ran from 1982 until 2013, the Aldeburgh Connection also produced a recital series (1993-2013), featuring complete song cycles without a narrative framework; and, the Young Artists Recitals series (1998-2011), renamed the Discovery Series in 2006. The Discovery Series consisted of two recitals per season and featured vocal and opera students from the University of Toronto. Following the success of three annual concerts in Bayfield, Ontario (2004-2006), the Aldeburgh Connection also established the Bayfield Festival of Song (2007-2012), which included masterclasses and concerts. Starting in 2009, they added a tour of Huron and Perth elementary schools to the festival. Ralls and Ubukata also performed with the Aldeburgh Connection at various venues in North America and in the United Kingdom, including two appearances at the Aldeburgh Festival in Suffolk, England (1988 and 1992).

The Aldeburgh Connection regularly commissioned new works by Canadian composers, including John Beckwith, Roger Bergs, John Greer, Derek Holman, Gary Kulesha, James Rolfe, Erik Ross, Harry Somers, and Timothy Sullivan. They also released seven CDs, including the 2008 Judo-nominated Schubert among Friends, with Gillian Keith (soprano), Colin Ainsworth and Michael Schade (tenors), and Gerald Finley (baritone). In 2013, Ralls and Ubukata were both named members of the Order of Canada.

Alert Music

  • 2005.006
  • Corporate body
  • 1984-2006

Alert Music was founded in 1984 by Toronto’s W. Tom Berry and Montreal’s Marc Durand. From 1975-1983, Berry had been managing director at Anthem Records whose roster included Rush, Max Webster and Bob and Doug Mackenzie. Durand was the manager and producer of the Montreal rock band Men Without Hats. Alert’s mission was to create a unique label that could bridge the “two solitudes” of Canada, hopefully turning regional hits into national ones; the Toronto office would sign English language artists that the Montreal office would attempt to promote in French Canada, and vice versa. The Montreal office immediately signed The Box, while the Toronto office signed Kim Mitchell (who had recently begun a solo career).

In the late 1980s, Berry decided that his interest in rock music was waning and he and Durand agreed to go their separate ways. Berry kept the name Alert and all the English language artists currently signed to the label, while Durand kept The Box and the company’s Montreal office. Sometime after, Berry discovered jazz singer Holly Cole performing with pianist Aaron David and bass player David Piltch. He signed the trio and immediately set out to create a distinctive image and style for Cole. Her album Girl Talk caught the attention of jazz label Blue Note Records, and they released Cole’s next five albums in the American market. The majority of Alert’s efforts since the mid1990s have revolved around recording and marketing Cole. The label also continues to record and market other Canadian jazz, blues and roots-oriented music including Roxanne Potvin, Michael Kaeshammer and Cole’s accompanists, Piltch and Davis.

Alexander, Ruth Marion

  • Person
  • 1929-

Ruth Marion Alexander (nee Manning) is a graduate of Victoria College 5T0. She served as the Chairman of the Board of Regents from 1989-1992.

Alexander, W. J. (William John)

  • Person
  • 1855-1944

William John Alexander was born of Scottish parents in Hamilton, Canada West, in 1855. He was educated in Hamilton and at the University of Toronto where he won a scholarship which enabled him to study English at the University of Wales College in Charlottetown for two years. He obtained a PhD in Greek And Philology at the newly constituted Johns Hopkins University in 1833, and spent a further year studying modern languages in Heidelberg. Dr. Alexander was appointed professor of English language and literature at Dalhousie University in 1884. Attracted by Alexander's reputation as a scholar and teacher, the University of Toronto hired him as Professor of English in 1889. He occupied the chair of English at University College until his retirement in 1927, enriching the lives of several generations of students by his knowledge and enthusiasm. He worked with the Department of Education in improving English text books for public schools and high schools. He edited Shorter Poems and Short Stories and Essays for use in Ontario high schools. His selection of poems is especially interesting, covering the entire range of English literature from the early ballads (one of his great loves) to the free verse of his century. He died in 1944 while visiting his daughter, Mrs. Carleton Stanley, in Halifax.

Alice Rosamond Lloyd

  • f2343
  • Person
  • 1927-2013

Alice Rosamond ‘Roz’ Lloyd was born in Govan, Saskatchewan, on 13 November 1927. She attended Trinity College, University of Toronto, graduating with her BA in business in 1949. While at Trinity College she played varsity hockey and volleyball. After graduation she worked at Avro Aircraft and De Havilland Aircraft in the guided missile division. In 1954 her interest in aviation led her to get her private pilot’s license. Lloyd was also a member of the Ninety Nines International Women’s Flying Club and met and married her husband, Douglas Edgar Robinson, at the Toronto Flying Club in May 1956. Douglas E. Robinson was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, on 17 June 1923 and was a commercial pilot.

Rosamond Lloyd Robinson and Douglas Edgar Robinson had one child, Diana, in 1961. Douglas Robinson died on 4 December 2001 in Brampton, Ontario. Rosamond Lloyd Robinson died on 25 July 2013 in Orangeville, Ontario.

Allan, George William

  • F2077
  • Person
  • 1822-1901

George William Allan, administrator and politician, was born 9 January 1822 in Little York, Upper Canada (now Toronto, Ontario). He was the son of William Allan and Leah Tyreer Gamble. Allan was educated privately and at Upper Canada College, Toronto, Ontario. He spent a portion of 1837, the year William Lyon Mackenzie headed a rebellion in Upper Canada, as a private in the "Bank Rifle Corps." He then finished his studies at Upper Canada College and decided to pursue law, passing his law examinations in 1839. He was articled to the office of Gamble & Boulton in Toronto. He was called to the bar of Upper Canada in 1846. Before entering into practice, he travelled abroad, through Europe, parts of Africa, Syria and the Middle East, Turkey and Greece.

Allan was deeply involved in the political life of the city of Toronto, serving as mayor in 1855. He presided over a number of institutions including the Royal Canadian Institute, the Toronto Conservatory of Music, the Historical Society, the Ontario Society of Artists, and the Horticultural Society of Toronto. From 1877 to 1901 Allan served as Chancellor of Trinity College and from 1867 to 1901 he was a Senator (Speaker 1888-1891), sitting as a Conservative. He was a great collector of art and historical objects and in 1848 bought the entire collection of 100 paintings that Paul Kane had painted on his travels throughout the west. In 1858 Allan donated a portion of land in Toronto to the Toronto Horticultural Society which became the Allan Gardens.

Allan married Louisa Robinson, daughter of Sir John Beverley Robinson, then Chief Justice of Upper Canada, on 16 April 1846. Louisa Allan died in 1852 while the couple was in Rome. In 1857 Allan married Adelaide Harriet Schreiber at St. James' Church, Piccadilly, England. They had seven children, Maude, George William, Mary Adelaide, Charles S., Arthur Campbell, Frederick Gamble Bingham, and Audrey Elizabeth Schreiber. George William Allan died on 24 July, 1901 in Toronto.

Allemang, Margaret May

Margaret May Allemang and her twin brother, William Herbert, were born in Toronto on 19 July 1914. She had a twin brother, William Herbert, and later another brother, Robert Milner; all three eventually graduated from the University of Toronto. She grew up in the family residence at 320 Willard Avenue and, as a child, developed chronic osteomyelitis, resulting in frequent stays in hospital and the delaying of her high school graduation from Humberside Collegiate. In 1937, the year after William received his Bachelor of Commerce, she entered the University of Toronto, graduating with a Diploma in Public Health Nursing (Parts I and II) in 1940. Her 1956 master’s thesis from the University of Washington in Seattle was on “factors affecting the sleep of patients”; it was one of the earliest dissertations in clinical nursing. Her doctorate, from the University of Washington, was not completed until 1974. She had to fit it in with her teaching duties and her thesis committee rejected her initial proposal to construct a theory of nursing based on an existentialist approach to man (derived from her own experience of how a medical crisis like hers could be transformative). Also, according to her nephew John Allemang, she was “a great procrastinator” [1]. The topic that was finally approved (in 1968) was the development of nursing education in the United States and Canada from 1873 to 1950. It was the first study ever published on Canadian nursing history.

Professor Allemang was an ‘inveterate deep thinker’ and, ‘one of the new breed of nurses who emerged from an academic program instead of from an in-hospital apprenticeship, was a pioneer in applying research methodology to traditional nursing' [2]. Margaret’s first employment was as an assistant head nurse on a cancer unit at Toronto General Hospital, at $80 a month, a position that lasted until 1942 when she joined the Royal Canadian Air Force as a Flying Officer/Nursing Sister [3]. She never went overseas and was discharged on 10 December 1945. Then, over the next three years, she entered a whirlwind of academic studies at the University of Toronto. In 1946-1947, she took a supplemental year in nursing, receiving her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 1947 (she was one of two students to receive first class honours). In the fall of 1947 she registered as an occasional student in the general course in nursing education, combining this with a pass Bachelor of Arts programme (English Literature, History, and Psychology). She received a Certificate of Nursing Education in 1948 and her BA at the autumn convocation in 1949.

In 1949 she obtained employment as a Nursing Arts instructor at the Belleville General Hospital School of Nursing and travelled to Kingston each week to teach ‘Trends and Issues in Nursing’ at Queen’s University. In the fall of 1950, she returned to the University of Toronto as a lecturer in the School of Nursing. After she had obtained her Master’s degree, the School asked her to design and conduct a research project in conjunction with Toronto Western Hospital. The experiences of eight cardiac patients during a period of hospitalization in a General Hospital, which appeared in 1960, was the first patient care study of its kind conducted in Canada [4]. Allemang was promoted to assistant professor in 1959, then returned to the University of Washington to further her education. She enrolled in the Department of Education as there was no doctoral program in nursing. In 1964 she received an appointment as a pre-doctoral teaching associate II in the School of Nursing. But by March of 1965 she was expressing reservations: “I am most concerned about not fulfilling the requirements of Education 600 – as I perceive them – this quarter…I feel as a matter of intellectual and personal integrity I cannot register for any more credit hours unless I can make more progress toward my academic goals” [5]

Professor Allemang returned to her teaching duties at the University of Toronto in the fall of 1965; the School, in preparing for a graduate program, needed staff with experience in nursing research. She was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 1966 and continued to broaden the purview of contemporary clinical research. In 1967 she initiated a three-year study at Sunnybrook Hospital to try out a new type of organization and system for the provision of nursing care, with an emphasis on nursing performance and patient well-being. Her report appeared in 1971 [6]. In 1968, she was a member of a subcommittee of the Ontario Council of Health, chaired by Harding le Riche; it recommended a permanent committee on research in nursing be established. She retired on 1 January 1982 but from 1982-1984 continued to be jointly responsible for the core seminars in the graduate program.

One of the developments arising from Professor Allemang’s research for her doctoral thesis was making contact with a group of history-making women in the Nursing Sisters Association of Canada, where she discovered dozens of women who had been principal actors in the drama of war. In 1977 she began interviewing them and transcribing their interviews. By the early 1990s, she had completed or directed interviews with 26 World War I and 17 World War II nursing sisters, though she did not consider the project finished [7]. She also became very active in the Canadian Nursing Sisters Association, Toronto Unit, serving variously as president, vice-president and treasurer, and chair of its committee on archives.

Professor Allemang played an active role in the numerous professional associations to which she belonged and continued long after her retirement. For example, she sat on the advisory council of the Canadian Nurses Association from 1985 to 1992 (the CNA had a number of umbrella groups, including the Canadian Nursing Research Group, in which she was also active), and, beginning in 1986, attended many of the early conferences of the American Association for the History of Nursing. In the early 1980s, she initiated a series of meetings at her residence on Willard Avenue with a group interested in nursing history that included her colleague Judith Young from the University of Toronto and Kathryn McPherson from York University. The result was the Ontario Society for the History of Nursing, which Professor Allemang co-founded with Professor Young in 1986. In 1994, the Society incorporated as the Margaret M. Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing, in her honour. Also in 1986, Professor Allemang was the co-founder, with Professor Barbara Keddy of Dalhousie University, of the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association Canadienne pour l’Histoire du Nursing (CAHN/ACHN). She was the convener of the organization’s first two conferences and also served as honorary president.

The range of her activities in ‘retirement’ is shown by the following documented activities in the early 1990s. In 1990 and 1991 she acted as a consultant and adviser to the Canadian Association for University Schools of Nursing and the Canadian Nursing Research Group. In 1991 and 1992 she acted as a consultant to a research project, “Canadian Association of University Schools of Nursing: Origins and development of a female nursing organization.” At the same time her expertise was sought for the introductory bibliography of a course at the University of Alberta, ‘Nursing 684: History and politics of nursing’. In 1993 Barbara Sibbald asked her for advice on an article on the current threat to self regulation that she was penning for CAN Today. One of her last major projects was her participation in the Ontario Society for the History of Nursing’s nursing archives survey (1992-1993) which resulted in A Directory of Nursing Archival Material in Ontario (1994). In 1997 she was honoured with the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario Honorary Life Membership.

On a more personal note, Professor Allemang was, for a few years from the late 1990s, active in the Elderhostel program in Ontario. She was very hospitable and through her church, St. John Evangelical Lutheran (on the board of which she served) she assisted, over many years, new arrivals from other countries, especially Ethiopia, the Crimea and Iran. Often they became her tenants and she assisted them financially as well. In old age, a term she hated, Professor Allemang continued to live in her home, refusing to move to ‘easier’ surroundings. On the morning of 14 April 2005, a former tenant dropped by and exclaimed, “Margaret, you don’t look at all well”. She was “propped against the kitchen table, her eyes wide open and resisting the summons of Death… Stubborn to the last, Margaret Allemang died standing up” [8].


  1. Obituary, Globe & Mail, 2005-07-25, S9
  2. Obituary, Globe & Mail, 2005-07-25, S9
  3. Margaret May Allemang, AAHNB, 8
  4. Margaret May Allemang, AAHNB, 8
  5. U of T Archives, B2006-0016/002(xx), Margaret Allemang to Gordon Lee, Dean, College of Education, University of Washington, 17 March 1965.
  6. President’s Report, 1967-1968, 73, 1969-1970, 75; 1969-1970, 48; ‘Report of a project to implement, assess and refine a decentralized system to facilitate patient-centred care’, University of Toronto School of Nursing, May 1971
  7. Margaret May Allemang, AAHNB, 8
  8. John Allemang, ‘You don’t need to worry about me’, Globe & Mail, 2005-05-14, F6

Allen, Kenneth William

  • Person
  • 1923-1997

Kenneth William Allen, nuclear physicist: born London 17 November 1923; member, Physics Division, Atomic Energy of Canada, Chalk River 1947-51; Leverhulme Research Fellow and Lecturer, Liverpool University 1951-54; Deputy Chief Scientist, UKAEA 1954-63; Professor of Nuclear Structure, Oxford University 1963-91 (Emeritus), Head of Department of Nuclear Physics 1976-79, 1982-85; Fellow, Balliol College, Oxford 1963-92 (Emeritus), Estates Bursar 1980-83, 1991-93; married 1947 Josephine Boreham (two sons); died Oxford 2 May 1997.

Allen, Maurus

  • Person
  • 1922-2005

Sister Maurus Allen, OSB, was born on December 17, 1922 in Montgomery, Alabama. She was the director of the oblate chapter of Sacred Heart Monastery. She passed away in Pensacola, Florida on February 9, 2005.

Allen, Ralph

  • Person
  • 1913-1966

Novelist, journalist and editor of Toronto Daily Star, Maclean's magazine.

Allin, Albert Ellis

  • Person
  • 1906-1966

Albert Ellis Allin, 1906-1966, was a physician, naturalist and writer who spent most of his working career in Fort Williams, Ontario, where he collected specimens of birds, eggs, and flowers which he sent to the Royal Ontario Museum for its collections.

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