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People and organizations

Škvorecký, Josef

  • Person
  • 1924-2012

Josef Škvorecký was born in 1924 in Nachod, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. He received his PhD in philosophy from Charles University in Prague in 1951. His earliest works, including The Cowards (1958) and the End of the Nylon Age (1956) were banned by communist censors. He published novels, short stories and film scripts between 1963 and 1968, during a shift to more liberal political climate. After the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia, Škvorecký and his wife, Zdena Salivarová emigrated to Canada in 1969. Together with his wife, he ran 68 Publishers, which published, in both Czech and English translations, books that we banned in Communist Czechoslovakia. By the fall of the Soviet Union, 68 published had published over 220 works. Skvorecky published many books, including novels, poetry, non-fiction, as well as for film and television, among them The Engineer of Human Souls (1984), which received the Governor General’s Award for fiction. Škvorecký was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982, and was awarded the Order of the White Lion in the Czech Republic in 1990. Josef Škvorecký died in 2012.

van der Smissen Family

  • Family

The van der Smissens were Germans of Netherlandish origins. One of the family, Henry van der Smisson, emigrated to Canada in 1833. His Toronto-born son, William Henry van der Smisson, was a professor of German at the University of Toronto beginning in 1892, and at the time was regarded as the chief authority of German in Ontario. He also filled the positions of Registrar and Librarian for seventeen years at the university.

Zitner, Sheldon

  • F2300
  • Person
  • 1924-2005

Sheldon Paul Zitner was a Professor of English at Trinity College and a published poet. He was born on April 20, 1924 in Brooklyn, New York, the eldest son of Dora and Morris Zitner and brother of Robert J. Zitner (b. 1932). He was educated at Townsend Harris High School (Flushing, New York) and subsequently enrolled in Brooklyn College at the age of 16. After three years he enlisted in the army and served in the United States Air Corps in the South Pacific during the Second World War. Upon his return he continued his studies and received his BA (1947), an MA from New York University (1948) and a PhD from Duke University (1955). In 1951 Prof. Zitner became an assistant professor at Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) in Hampton, Virginia. In 1957 he took a position in the English department at Grinnell College (Grinnell, Iowa) where he held several positions, becoming the Carter-Adams Professor of Literature (1963) and Roberts Honour Professor (1964). He also served as the chairman of the Department of English (1960, 1962-63) and the chairman of the Division of Humanities (1964-68).

In 1969 Zitner came to Trinity College. His research interests included Shakespeare, Renaissance literature (especially drama), literary criticism, and contemporary poetry. He taught a variety of courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels and supervised numerous doctoral theses. He published extensively in academic publications and edited three scholarly editions: Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing (Oxford University Press 1993), Francis Beaumont’s The Knight of the Burning Pestle (Manchester University Press 1984), and Edmund Spenser’s The Mutabilitie Cantos (Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1968). During his career Prof. Zitner took on many administrative and committee positions within the Department of English and was a member of professional organizations including the Shakespeare Association of America, the Toronto Renaissance and Reformation Colloquium, the Association of Canadian University Teachers of English, the Northeastern Modern Language Association, and the Society for Textual Scholarship.

Upon his retirement in 1989, Zitner began to write poetry full-time. His first book of poetry, The Asparagus Feast, was published by McGill-Queen’s University Press in 1999, followed by Before We Had Words (MQUP) in 2002, The Hunt on the Lagoon (Goose Lane Editions) in 2005, and a small chapbook, Missing Persons (Junction Books), in 2003. His poems were published in various literary publications including The Walrus, Fiddlehead, and The Nation. In the years prior to his death, he began working on a translation project with Herbert Batt, “Chinese Vernacular Poetry, 1919-1949”, which remains unpublished. He maintained strong ties with Trinity College after his retirement and was an active member of the Friends of the Library. In 2001 he received an honorary doctorate of sacred letters from the College in recognition of his many years of teaching.

Sheldon Zitner married Dona M. Waldhauser of Brooklyn, New York in 1947 or 1948. Their daughterr, Julia was born 15 March 1963. Julia Zitner married Duncan Steel of Wirksworth, Derbyshire, England in and they have one daughter, Rebecca Steel, born 2005. Sheldon Paul Zitner died on April 26, 2005, in Toronto.

Zimmerman, Arthur M.

Dr. Arthur Zimmerman, a renown cell biologist, first came to the University of Toronto’s Department of Zoology in 1964 where he accepted an appointment of Professor. Previous to this, he had received his undergraduate and graduate degrees from New York University and had held an Associate Professorship in the Department of Pharmacology at the State University of New York. Dr. Zimmerman retired in 1999 and throughout his lengthy service to the University held many administrative positions including Graduate Secretary (1970-1975) and Associate Chairman (1975-1978) in the Department of Zoology, Associate Director of the School of Graduate Studies (1978-1981) and Acting Director of the Institute of Immunology (1980-81).

Dr. Zimmerman has also shown leadership within his profession holding several appointments in professional associations and as editor of several journals. From early in his career, he has been an active member of the Bermuda Biological Station and the Marine Biological Laboratories at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He was president or director of several associations including Ontario Society of Biologist (1968), Canadian Society for Cell Biology (1970-71, 1976-77), International Cell Cycle Society (1986-88) and International Federation for Cell Biology (1996-2000). He also acted as Treasurer for the American Society of Cell Biology (1974-1980) and was Chair of their Publications Committee for their Methods in Cell Biology Series. He was co-president and founding member of the International Group on High Pressure Biology. His editorial activities include: consulting editor for Cytobios (1969 –), Microbios (1971 - ), Senior Editor for Marcell Decker Inc. (1974-1978), Academic Press Cell Biology Series (1978 – 1996), Associate Editor for Canadian Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (1980-84), Editor for Experimental Cell Research (1983-1992), Biochemistry and Cell Biology (1984-1993) and Western Hemisphere, Cell Biology International Reports (1985- present).

By far, Dr. Zimmerman’s most important contribution has been his research in the field of cellular biology and physiology for which he is internationally recognized. He has contributed much to the understanding of the cell cycle, the mechanism of cell division and has done pioneering work on the effects of hydrostatic pressure and drugs on various cellular processes. He has authored over 100 research and review articles and chapters in books. He has been editor of eight books and presented over 150 papers and lectures at meetings of professional associations and seminar groups. His research has been supported by numerous grants from the National Research Council of Canada, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Medical Research Council. As a teacher and mentor, he has supervised 21 doctorate students, many of whom are themselves holding influential positions in academic institutions and industry. His role as consultant to the U.S. National Institute on Drug Abuse (1975-1987) and as a witness to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Internal Security (1974, 1980) recognizes that his expertise transcends his own scientific community.

Zend, Robert

  • CAN
  • Person
  • 1925 - 1985

Hungarian-Canadian poet and radio producer Robert Zend was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1929. Zend majored in Hungarian and classical literature and received a Bachelor of Arts from Péter Pázmány Science University in 1953. Zend immigrated to Canada in 1956 and commenced working for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in1958. During his time at the CBC, Zend held a number of increasingly important positions including Film Librarian (1958-1966), film editor (1966-1969), and writer and radio producer for the CBC-Radio Arts and specifically for the program “Ideas” (1969-1977).
Throughout his career, Zend continued to pursue his academic and literary interests, receiving a Masters of Arts in Italian and Comparative literature from the University of Toronto in 1969 and writing, translating and publishing several works of poetry and prose. Works published by Zend include From Zero to One, My Friend Jeronimo, Arbormundi, Beyond Labels, Oāb I, The Three Roberts Premiere Performance, The Three Roberts On Love, and The Three Roberts On Childhood. Works written by Zend but unpublished include: Madouce, How Do You Doodle, Nicolette, and Key to the Cube. Works translated by Zend include: Gilgamesh, The Tragedy of Man, and Pattern Without End. Zend received numerous Ontario Arts Council Awards to help support his creative activities during the period between 1975 and 1985.
Zend died in Toronto on June 27, 1985.

Zarb, George A.

George Albert Zarb was born in Valetta, Malta on 28 October 1938. He completed high school at the Lyceum in 1954 and subsequently received his BChD magna cum laude from the Royal University of Malta in 1960. He was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and went to the University of Michigan from which he received his MS in 1962 and his DDS in 1963. He then undertook further studies in graduate prosthodontics at Ohio State University, earning a Diploma in Prosthodontics and a second MS in 1966. This was followed by a Fellowship in the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of Canada in 1969.

From 1963 to 1965, Professor Zarb was in private practice in Toronto and taught part-time in the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto. In 1966 he was appointed assistant professor at the U of T in the Department of Prosthodontics, while maintaining a part-time special practice that extended throughout his career. In 1968 he was promoted to associate professor and, from 1971 to his retirement in 2004, he was Head of the Discipline of Prosthodontics. He was elevated to full professor in 1972, and from 1974 was a member of the School of Graduate Studies. From 1997 to 2001, he also held the position of associate dean, Clinical Studies. During his years at the University of Toronto, Professor Zarb held some sixty formal positions on campus; he sat on many administrative committees and task forces, and chaired numerous search committees.

Professor Zarb has also played an active and internationally recognized role in national and international prosthodontic organziations. He was a co-founder (and president-elect) in 1973 the Association of Prosthodontists of Canada. He sat on the executive committees of four other bodies, each of which he also served as president: the Canadian Academy of Prosthodontics (1970-1975), the Association of Prosthodontists (1971-1976), the International College of Prosthodontists (1988-1997), and the Academy of Prosthodontists (1989-1998).

He was instrumental in the establishment of prosthodontics as a recognized specialty in Ontario and at a conference in Toronto in 1982, considered the most important of the 11 he organized, he introduced osseointegration to North America. Professor Zarb’s major contributions to the advancement of the discipline has made him one of the most respected scholars in the field of prosthodontics. He has written or edited 15 textbooks, contributed chapters to sixteen others, and authored or co-authored over 150 other scientific publications. He has served as an editorial board member of 7 dental journals and is editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Prosthodontics.

Professor Zarb’s prodigious output and many personal connections worldwide has made him a much sought-after speaker at conferences, where he has often delivered the keynote address. Over the thirty-year period between 1973 and his retirement in 2004 he held over 80 visiting professorships, in 20 countries other than Canada, including a dozen American states. He has hardly slowed down in retirement, continuing to lecture widely and to do some teaching and organizing biennial Workshops for Young Prosthodontic Educators from the global academic community. This initiative is the result of his forging a partnership between the editorial team in the IJP and the Karlsruhe Academy in Karlsruhe Germany. Since their inception in 2006, the Workshops have also been held in Asia – Beijing, Seoul and Kyoto.

Many honour have been bestowed on Professor Zarb in recogniztion of his work. He has received honorary degrees from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden; Dalhousie University, the University of Toronto, and the University of Montreal in Canada; the University of Malta; and the University of Turin. He has also received numerous honorary fellowships and awards from universities and professional organizations, including the Academy of General Dentistry, Harvard University, the Canadian Dental Association (twice), the Greater New York Academy of Prosthodontics (where he is the only recipient of its three awards), the Royal College of Dental Surgeons of England, the American Prosthodontic Society, and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. In 1993 he received the International Association for Dental Research Award in Prosthodontics and Implant Surgery.

Professor Zarb lives in Toronto, but spends the coldest winter months in his beloved Malta with his wife Janet. Dentistry has surrounded him most of his life and is reflected in other members of his extended family. As Professor Zarb himself pointed out, “There are 4 Zarb dentists [including himself] and all are Prosthodontists - quite confusing!”: his brother, Francis (DDS, U of T, 1966), his son; George (DDS, SUNY; MSc, Chapel Hill, NC); his nephew John (DDS, University of Detroit Mercy; MSc, U of T).

Yurkovic, Marcelline

  • Person

Maryknoll Sister Marcelline Yurkovic was born in Coaldale, Pennsylvania. She entered Maryknoll in 1952 and earned her Bachelor in Education from Maryknoll Teachers College at Maryknoll. Sr. Marcelline began her mission journey as a primary school teacher and principal of San Jose School in Bolivia in Riberalta, Beni. After six years she served in various capacities in Cochabamba, where she founded Cochabamba Archdiocesan Family Life Center in 1979. In 1982 she returned to the United States as part of the Maryknoll Sisters Mission Institute at Maryknoll, New York.

Young-Bruehl, Elisabeth

  • Person
  • 1946-2011

Elisabeth Young-Bruehl (1946-2011) was an author, biographer, psychoanalyst, and scholar. She was born in Maryland, and spent much of her professional life in New York and Philadelphia, before moving to Toronto in 2007. Young-Bruehl began her academic career studying poetry at Sarah Lawrence College, and went on to attend the New School in New York to pursue post-graduate degrees in philosophy. There, she became Hannah Arendt’s only PhD student, and completed her dissertation on the philosophy of Karl Jaspers in 1974. After Arendt’s death in 1975, Young-Bruehl took on the challenge of writing Arendt’s biography. Hannah Arendt: For the Love of the World (1982), won the Harcourt award went on to become the definitive account of Arendt’s life and work.
Young-Bruehl occupied teaching positions at Haverford College, Wesleyan University, and Columbia University, and would also go on to write a biography of Anna Freud, along with scholarly works on philosophy, psychology, and politics. Young-Bruehl devoted much of her later life to her psychoanalysis practice; after moving to Toronto, she also co-founded Caversham Productions, an organization dedicated to the development of psychoanalytic training materials.

Young, David

  • Person
  • 1946-

David Young was born in 1946 and raised in Oakville, Ont. He is best known for his plays Glenn (Stratford Festival, 1999) and Inexpressible Island (1999). He has written extensively for radio, television and film. He is the founder of the Baffin Island Writer's Project. He was an instructor at the Canadian Film Centre from 1992-1995, and President of Coach House Press for ten years.

Young, Clarence Richard

Clarence Richard Young was born near Picton, Ontario, in 1879, the descendent of United Empire Loyalists, and received his early education at Picton High School. He entered the Ontario School of Practical Science, forerunner of the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering of the University of Toronto, with the Class of 1903, receiving the degrees of B.A.Sc. and C.E. from that institution. He became a lecturer in structural engineering in the University of Toronto in 1907 and head of the Department of Civil Engineering in 1929. In 1941 he was appointed Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering and served in that position until his retirement from teaching in 1949. During his tenure as Dean he was instrumental in setting up teaching facilities at Ajax for veterans of the Second World War.

Throughout his academic career he also worked as a consulting engineer, being associated for some time with Frank Barber in the firm of Barber and Young. Much of their business was concerned with the design of bridges, of which there is much evidence in the Young Papers; they also were engaged in the design of buildings, foundations and other structures. Young served often as arbitrator or expert witness in cases involving claims dealing with engineering problems. He was a member of the Royal Commission on Transportation in 1938, and of an inquiry into the safety of hoisting equipment in Ontario mines in 1947. Young served as President of the Engineering Institute of Canada for the year 1942.

He was the author of a history of engineering education in Toronto (Early Engineering Education at Toronto 1851-1919: University of Toronto Press, 1958) and of numerous technical articles for professional periodicals.

During the First World War, Young was an officer of the University of Toronto contingent of the Canadian Officers Training Corps, served on the staff of the School of Infantry at Niagara-on-the-Lake, and finally was appointed adjutant of the Polish Army at Niagara. During the Second World War he maintained the ties with Poland which were formed during the Great War, and was an active member of the Toronto Branch of the Canadian Friends of Poland.

C.R. Young died in April 1964 at the age of 85, and was survived by one son and one daughter. His wife, the former Miriam Temple, had died in 1960.

Young, Archibald Hope

  • F2053
  • Person
  • 1863-1935

Archibald Hope Young, educator and historian, was known as “Archie” to generations of Trinity College students. Born 6 February 1863 in Sarnia, Canada West, to Archibald and Annie (née Wilson) Young, he attended Sarnia Public, Private, and High Schools before going to Upper Canada College 1878-1882, where he was Head Boy in his final year. He matriculated at the University of Toronto in 1882 as a Prince of Wales Scholar and graduated with a BA in Modern Languages in 1887. He was also the president of the University of Toronto Modern Language Club 1886-1887. He received a BA ad eundem in 1892 from the University of Trinity College, and his MA in 1893. He also studied for a period of time at the University of Strasbourg. In 1916 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Civil Law, honoris causa, by the University of King’s College.

Before coming to Trinity College, Young was the assistant master in Drummondville High School 1884-1885 and an assistant junior master in Upper Canada College 1887-1889. He was also a Modern Languages master 1887-1892 and an assistant housemaster 1889-1891. Young first became associated with Trinity College in 1892, when he was hired as a lecturer on Modern Languages and Philology. He held this position until 1900, when he was promoted to Professor of Modern Languages and Philology. In 1905, he became Professor of German, a post he held until his retirement in 1931, when he became Emeritus Professor of German. In 1911-1912 Young was Acting Professor of French, and in 1920-1921 he was a lecturer on Church History. He also served for one year as a University of Toronto lecturer on Italian 1909-1910. Upon his retirement he was appointed Research Fellow in Canadian History.

Young also held a number of administrative positions at Trinity College. He was the Librarian 1896-1902, the Clerk of Convocation 1901-1902 and 1903-1922, the Trinity College Registrar 1903-1914 and the Trinity University Registrar 1907-1914 (the two positions were combined in 1914), and the Dean of Residence 1914-1922. In 1904, upon the college’s federation with the University of Toronto, for which he was an advocate, Young was elected by the Trinity faculty to act as a representative on the university’s Senate. He was re-elected to this position until 1923. He also served as editor for the Trinity University Yearbook 1896-1914. Upon the creation of the Universities Bureau of the British Empire in 1913, Young began to act as its corresponding secretary, having attended the Congress the previous year. Young was the principal organizer of Trinity College’s jubilee celebrations in 1902. Naturally, he was also an ex officio and an elected member of both Corporation and Convocation.

In 1903 Young attended the International Congress of History Studies in Rome. In 1910 he was elected as president of the Modern Languages section of the Ontario Educational Association. In 1913 Young became a Non-Resident Life Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and in 1919 he became a member of the St. Andrew’s Society. Young was the historiographer of the Diocese of Toronto starting in 1914 and also served for a time as president of the Ontario Historical Society. In 1920-1921 Young served as a member of the executive of the University of Toronto Alumni Association.

Always one to take an active role with students, Young served as chairman of the Trinity University Review Board of Management from 1914 until his death. He was named honorary president of the Trinity Glee Club in 1905, and in 1906 he founded the Deutscher Klatsch Club to assist students in attaining proficiency in conversational German, an organization which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War. During the war, he wrote to Trinity students and alumni who were involved in the war effort and organized care packages to be sent to them at Christmas. At the time of Young’s death, Provost Cosgrave wrote the following in the midsummer edition of the Trinity University Review: “[Graduates of Trinity College] will think most gratefully of [Young’s] influences upon them in the most critical and formative years of their lives and of his continued interest in them after they had left college. His greatest pleasure was to gather a group of graduates for tea in his room or in the Board Room and recall the days when they were students at Trinity. He wrote annually or oftener to hundreds of his former students expressing his interest in their concerns and telling them what was passing at Trinity College.”

Young valued his time at Upper Canada College, too, which he demonstrated by his permanent connection to it in the years after he left. For years he acted as a member of Corporation and the Board of Governors. He was also the corresponding secretary and treasurer for the Upper Canada College Old Boys Association. In 1917 he edited The Roll of Pupils of Upper Canada College Toronto: January 1830 to June 1916, and in 1923 he edited The War Book of Upper Canada College Toronto (1914-1919). He was also a member of the Governing Body of Trinity College School.

Young published widely on the history of Upper Canada and the Church of England in Canada, usually in the form newspaper and journal articles or reviews. His larger works included The Revd. John Stuart, D.D., U.E.L. of Kingston, U.C. and his Family: A Genealogical Study and he edited The Parish Register of Kingston, Upper Canada 1785-1811. In 1922, along with Professor W.A. Kirkwood, Young edited the War Memorial Volume of Trinity College, Toronto, which listed every member of the college who served in the First World War. Young never married and had no children, and lived for most of his life at Trinity College. Much of the latter half of Young’s life was spent writing biographies of John Strachan and John Stuart, but these were left incomplete when he died in Toronto 6 April 1935.

Young, Alfred

  • Person

Alfred Young was the rector of Birdbrook, Halstead, Essex. He lectured in Mathematics at Cambridge University. He also patented at least two inventions in the field of electricity.

York, Thomas

  • Person
  • 1940-1988

Thomas York was born in Washington, D.C. and raised in Little Rock, Arkansas. York was ordained minister of the United Church of Canada, and served in parishes in mining and logging camps of the Queen Charlotte Islands, the village of Bella-Bella, B.C., the gold mining town of Yellowknife, N.W.T., and Chapel-in-the-Park in Toronto. His novels are set in the places where he has lived.

York, Derek

Professor emeritus Derek York (1936-2007) was born on August 12, 1936 in Normanton, Yorkshire, England. He attended Oxford University, graduating with a B.A. in Physics in 1957 and a PhD in Earth Science in 1960. During his time as a graduate student, York worked with physicist Ken Mayne to establish the first potassium-argon lab in the UK. In his final year of graduate school, York met distinguished Toronto physicist Tuzo Wilson at a departmental colloquium. The meeting clearly had an impact on York as he joined the University of Toronto physics faculty later that year as a Lecturer, moving to Assistant Professor in 1962, Associate Professor in 1966, and full Professor in 1972. Prof. York also acted as chair of the department for a time (1992-1997) and held the inaugural J. Tuzo Wilson Professor of Geophysics position from 1995-2000.

Prof. York’s research focused primarily on potassium-argon dating, thermochronometry, meteoroid impact dating, and the chronology of human evolution. During his time at U of T, the U of T Geochronology lab became known as a leader in the field of 40Ar/39Ar potassium-argon dating. It was at this lab that Prof. York and his colleagues first used lasers to extract argon from samples in the 1980s. Their later development of one of the world’s first extraction lines which enabled data to be collected over the course of a 24 hour day, along with the use of a gas purification system, mass spectrometer, and unattended operation of the laser changed the way Prof. York and his colleagues worked, allowing them to focus their energies on more creative ideas.

In addition to his research activities, Prof. York also taught several courses in physics and geophysics and sat on various committees during his time at U of T. Many of his students went on to establish 40Ar/39Ar labs around the world. In terms of committees, Prof. York sat on several, both as chairman and member. These committees included: Welsh Lectures in Physics Committee (1979-1982), Department Council, Department of Physics, University of Toronto (1980-1981), University of Toronto Research Board (1984-1985), Graduate Students Admissions Committee (1988-1991), and the University Grievance Committee.

Outside of U of T, Prof. York participated in several committees and professional associations, including the NRC Sub-Committee for Isotope Studies and Geochronology (acting as Chairman from 1967-1973) and the NRC Associate Committee for Geodesy and Geophysics (1970-1973). He was also the foreign principle investigator for NASA during the Apollo missions to the moon. In addition to the numerous articles Prof. York authored or co-authored, he also wrote several books, including The Earth’s Age and Geochronology with R.M. Farquhar and In Search of Lost Time (published in 1997). These books, along with his 70+ articles in The Globe and Mail, ensured that Prof. York was a sought after expert in his field.
Over the course of his career, Prof. York’s work won him numerous awards and honours. He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada (1985), the American Geophysical Union (1995), and the Geochemical Society and the European Association for Geochemistry (1997). In addition to this, Prof. York received the Past President’s Medal of the Geological Association of Canada (1985), the Bancroft Award of the Royal Society of Canada (1986), the Sandford Fleming Medal of the Royal Canadian Institute (1996), and the Canadian Association of Physicists’ Lifetime Achievement Award (2005). Prof. York passed away on August 9, 2007 and is survived by his wife Lydia and son Link.

Yates, Peter

  • Person
  • 1924-1992

Born in 1924 in Essex England, Dr. Peter Yates received degrees from the University of London, Dalhousie University and Yale University. After teaching at Harvard from 1952-60, he was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University of Toronto where he remained throughout his accomplished career. In addition to numerous prestigious lectureships, editorial positions and awards, he was appointed University Professor in 1986 and later University Professor Emeritus in 1990. Believing that his students and his collaborators were testimony to the success of his work, he supervised over 50 doctoral theses. He was widely recognized for his pioneering research in the photochemistry of organic molecules, publishing over 230 articles in refereed journals and a book on the structural implications of spectroscopic data, which became the standard reference source in that field. Dr. Yates died on November 16 1992.

Wrong, Sophia Hume

  • Person
  • 1894-1931

Sophia Hume Wrong, the eldest daughter of Edward Blake and Frances Margaret Cronyn, was born in Toronto in 1859. She was educated privately (women were not allowed to attend the University of Toronto until the autumn of 1884) and in September 1886 married George MacKinnon Wrong. For much of her married life she lived at 467 Jarvis Street. She was described as “a little withdrawn in manner, almost shy…[but] with great strength and sweetness, courage and singleness of mind…she was the centre of gravity of the gay and many-sided life of that home.” In 1917, the family moved to 73 Walmer Road. From about 1923 her health declined and she died of pneumonia on 17 February 1931.

Wrong, Margaret Christian

The eldest child of George and Sophia Wrong, Margaret (Marga) was born in Toronto on 26 June 1887. She attended Havergal College and the University of Toronto, where she was an occasional student in Arts at University College in 1906-1907 and again in 1910-1911. She then attended Somerville College at Oxford from 1911-1914, where she was very active in the work of the Student Christian Movement. In 1920 she received an MA from the University of Toronto.

Back in Canada, she became secretary to the student YWCA, a position she held for three years. As a result of her work with students, she founded in 1916 the University College Women’s Union, as a social centre and residence, of which she became the first resident head. Later she founded Argyle House (1918) and Hutton House (1919), women’s residences associated with University College. From 1917 to 1919 she was also a temporary assistant (sessional) in the Department of English in University College and, from 1919 to 1921, a sessional instructor in the Department of History.

In 1921 Margaret resigned to take up the position of travelling secretary of the World Students’ Christian Federation, based in Geneva (her father acknowledged that she would never receive a permanent position in the department while he was head). Her duties took her first to Eastern Europe, where she helped organize student relief in Poland, Austria and the Baltic countries, and established a student YMCA, first in Riga, Latvia, and then in Austria. In all she spent five years traveling across Europe and the British Isles, attending conferences and helping to improve the organization of the WSCF.

In 1926 she moved to London as a missionary secretary of the British Student Christian Movement. Her first activity was a seven-month tour of Africa, traveling 18,000 miles to inspect Christian educational facilities. She also put down roots, buying a house in suburban Hampstead that she shared with her partner, Margaret Read. It was to be her base until her death. After Murray’s death, the two Margaret's took in some of his children.

In 1929 Margaret was appointed the first secretary of the newly established International Committee of Christian Literature for Africa, a position she held until her death. She spent much of her time in Africa, learning about literature needs and conferring with officials and missionary bodies to promote the spread of education. In 1932, she started Listen, a magazine for African school children, edited a quarterly called Books for Africa, and published a number of books, mostly on aspects of education in Africa.

Her advice was sought by the British Colonial Office and she served as a member of its Committee on Mass Education. She was also a member of the Linguistic Committee of the International African Research Institute. During World War II she served as a consultant on West Africa to the British Ministry of Information, and helped prepare scripts for the BBC’s African service. In 1948, Margaret had just embarked on a survey of educational institutions in East Africa when she died of a heart attack in Gulu, Uganda on 11 April 1948.

Margaret Read continued to live in their house in Hampstead, occasionally visiting the Wrongs in Canada. She died at the age of 102 in the late 1990s.

Wrong, Humphrey Hume

Hume Wrong, the third and youngest son of George and Sophia Wrong, was born in Toronto on 10 September 1894. He was educated at Upper Canada College, Ridley College, and the University of Toronto, from which, in 1915, he received his Bachelor of Arts in classics. He was a member of the Classical Association of University College (1911-1912) and of the Historical Club (1913-1915), and was its president in his graduating year.

Hume was determined to follow his brothers into military service so, when rejected by the Canadian Army because of an eye injury suffered in childhood, went to England and joined the Oxford and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry. He served in the Ypres area and the battles of the Somme, from where, in November 1916, he was invalided home with trench fever. When the Imperial Royal Flying Corps was organized in Toronto in March 1917, he was put in charge of its depot in the Engineering Building at the University of Toronto. At demobilization in January 1919, he was a captain in the RFC’s successor, the Royal Air Force, and adjutant of its Long Branch cadet wing.

He then returned to England with a Flavelle scholarship to take the post-war special course at Balliol College, Oxford, receiving a BLitt. In 1921 he was appointed a lecturer in the Department of History at the University of Toronto and was promoted to assistant professor in 1923. One of his duties was librarian of Hart House. He wrote two books, The Government of the West Indies (1923) and Sir Alexander Mackenzie: Explorer and Fur Trader (1927).

In 1922 Hume married Joyce Hutton, the daughter of Maurice Hutton, professor of classics and principal of University College. Their daughter, Elizabeth June, attended University College (BA 1947) where she was heavily involved in the International Students Service committee.

In 1927 Hume was lured away by the fledgling Department of External Affairs, where he joined the secretarial staff of Canada’s first ambassador to Washington, Vincent Massey. He was appointed counsellor in 1930 and remained in Washington for ten years, where he acted as Chargé d’Affaires for several lengthy periods, the first being in 1928. In 1937 he moved to Geneva as Canadian Advisory Officer to the League of Nations; one of his first duties was to serve as technical adviser to the Canadian delegation to the Sino-Japanese conference in Brussels. Subsequently, he was promoted to Canadian Permanent Delegate. In October 1939, he was temporarily reassigned to London where he worked on plans for the economic liaison between Great Britain and Canada as a part of their joint war effort. Early in 1941 he moved back to Washington as senior counsellor to the Canadian legation and in June was designated Minister-Counsellor. The following year, he went to Ottawa as Assistant Under-Secretary of State for External Affairs where he was in charge of the Commonwealth and European Division; his responsibilities embraced most of the major problems of war and peace. In December 1944, he was appointed associate under-secretary for external affairs.

In 1946 Hume succeeded Lester Pearson as Canadian ambassador to Washington. In September 1949, he served as dean of the Canadian delegation to the trilateral (Canada, Britain, United States) conference of foreign and finance ministers in Washington on the sterling/dollar crisis. His contributions to public service were recognized in May 1953 when he received a Doctor of Laws degree from Queen’s University. The following month his appointment as under-secretary of state for external affairs was announced and by November he was back in Ottawa. Two weeks later he collapsed with coronary problems and died on 24 January 1954.

Wrong, Harold Verschoyle

  • Person
  • 1891-1916

The second son of George and Sophia Wrong, Harold was born in Toronto on 1 December 1891 and attended the same colleges as his older brother. He played tennis throughout his undergraduate years, won the university tennis championship and his colours in 1911 and captained the team in 1912. He was also a member of the Historical Club (1911-1913), of the Classical Association of University College (1912-1913) and the Thirteen Club (1912-1913). He also wrote essays, short stories, and poetry, some of which were published in the student literary journal, The Arbor.

Harold graduated with a BA in 1913 and went to Christ Church, Oxford. After his first year, he devoted his time at Oxford mainly to the Officers’ Training Corps and was gazetted in December 1914 to the 15th (Service) Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers. He served in France from November 1915 and was killed on the first day of the battle of the Somme, 1 July 1916, at Thiepval with much of his battalion. His body was never recovered.

After his death, Murray Wrong and Samuel Verschoyle Blake collected some of his poems, most of which were written before the summer of 1913, in a little volume, Verses, that was published by Oxford in 1922.

Wrong, George MacKinnon

George MacKinnon Wrong, the son of Gilbert and Christina MacKinnon Wrong, was born on a farm at Grovesend, Elgin County, Canada West on 25 June 1860. In 1886 he married Sophia Hume Blake, the eldest daughter of Edward Blake, chancellor of the University of Toronto and leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. They had five children, Margaret (Marga), Murray, Harold, Hume and Agnes (Polly). His wife died in 1931 and two years later he married Elizabeth Durgwynne, an Englishwoman with extensive nursing experience who had come to Canada two years earlier.

Wrong was educated at Wycliffe College and the University of Toronto (BA 1883, MA 1886), taking post-graduate work at Oxford and Berlin. He was ordained a minister of the Church of England in 1883 and from 1883 to1892 was lecturer in history and apologetics at Wycliffe College. In 1892 he was appointed lecturer in history at the University of Toronto and promoted to professor and head of the department in 1894. He remained in that position until his retirement in 1927 and was recognized as a superb lecturer. He introduced Canadian history into the curriculum and in 1904 founded the University of Toronto Historical Club, with its dominant interest in public affairs. His three sons were all to be members of the Club, though never at the same time. In retirement, Wrong devoted himself to writing, community and educational causes. In January 1929 he was elected president of the Ontario division of the Canadian Red Cross Society. Later that year he represented Canada at the 3rd Institute of Pacific Relations Conference in Kyoto, Japan.

He founded, in 1897, the Review of Historical Publications Relating to Canada, predecessor to the Canadian Historical Review. In 1905 he helped found the Champlain Society, was its editorial secretary until 1922, and its president from 1924-1928. Besides several text-books on British and Canadian history, he was the author of The Crusade of 1383 (1892), The Earl of Elgin (1906), A Canadian Manor and its Seigneurs (1908), The Fall of Canada (1914), Washington and his Comrades in Arms (1921), The Rise and Fall of New France (1928), Canada and the American Revolution (1935) and The Canadians (1938). He edited for the Champlain Society Sagard's Long Journey to the Country of the Hurons (1939) and was co-editor with H.H. Langton of The Chronicles of Canada (32 volumes, 1914-16). For a complete list of his publications see W. Stewart Wallace, “The life and work of George M. Wrong” Canadian Historical Review, 29, 3 (Sept.1948) 238-239.

Wrong was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1908 and received the honorary degree of LLD from McGill University in 1919 and University of Toronto in 1941. In 1936 his portrait, painted by Sir Wyly Grier, was presented to the Department of History at the University. In 1944 he was elected an honorary member of the American Historical Association, the third person to receive that honour. Professor Wrong died in Toronto on 29 June 1948.

The Wrongs had residences in Toronto at 467 Jarvis Street and later at 73 Walmer Road, where they were generous and hospitable hosts. After the death of Edward Blake, George bought property that included a miller’s house on a pond at Canton north of Port Hope. In the summer of 1929 he offered to sell the rights to the mill and dam to his former pupil, Vincent Massey, but no agreement was reached until the early 1930s, when George was suffering financially from the stock market crash. Vincent Massey then erected his residence, Batterwood, on the property.

Wrong, Edward Murray

Murray Wrong, the eldest son of George and Sophia Wrong, was born on 4 April 1889. In 1904 he contacted rheumatic fever which affected his heart, leaving him with “an aortic regurgitation sufficiently gross to cause a ‘water-hammer’ pulse which moved his chair with each heart-beat,” and brought on periodic health crises throughout his life. He attended Ridley College, St. Andrew’s College, and University College at the University of Toronto, from which he received his BA in 1911 in English and modern history. He was vice-president of the Historical Club (1910-1911), an associate editor of the Varsity and editor of the Evening Blast (1910-1911), and a member of the Letters Club (1909-1911). He also played tennis.

In 1911 Murray went to Balliol College, Oxford from which he graduated with a first class honours in modern history 1913. In December 1914, he was elected to a fellowship at Magdalen College, the first Canadian to be so honoured. A month later he was awarded the Beit Prize for his thesis on colonial history, being the first Canadian to receive the whole prize. Rejected for military service, he was appointed vice-principal of the School of Technology in Manchester in 1916, where he remained until 1919 when he returned to Magdalen as tutor in history. He continued as Beit lecturer until 1924 when he became senior tutor. He was also vice-president of his college (1925, 1926) and in 1927 was elected junior proctor of Oxford University.

Murray wrote several books, including a history of the British Empire in Australia (1917?), The constitutional development of Canada (1918), Charles Buller and responsible government (1926), Crime and detection (1926), which he edited and for which he wrote an introduction, and History of England, 1688-1815 (1927). He also wrote frequently for the British press. At the time of his death he was working on a life of Lord Dorchester, the first governor-general of Canada.

At the end of 1915 he married Rosalind Grace Smith, the sixth daughter of A. L. Smith, fellow and tutor of Balliol, and herself a brilliant student. They had two sons and four daughters.
During the autumn of 1927 Murray overtaxed his heart and never recovered. He died at Oxford on 15 February 1928 and was buried in Holywell Cemetery.

Wrong, Agnes Honoria

  • Person
  • 1903-1995

The youngest child of George and Sophia Wrong, Agnes (known as Polly) was born in Toronto on 31 March 1903. She attended Havergal College and the University of Toronto, graduating with a BA in modern history in 1925. In 1928 she married Charles Harold Algeo Armstrong (BA 1911, LLB 1915), a Toronto barrister who, in 1921, had been principal private secretary to Prime Minister Arthur Meighen. (Charles had attended the U of T at the same time as Agnes’ brothers and his brother, Paul, was killed in World War I.) The Armstrong's had three children, Julian (O’Brien), Paula (LaPierre), and Christopher. Charles died in 1961.

Following graduation, Agnes worked for Eaton’s Shopping Service until her marriage. She then served with a number of community organizations, including the Junior League of Toronto. She was appointed managing editor of the Junior League Mail in 1934 and president of the League in 1936. In 1940 she was elected Canadian representative to the board of the Association of the Junior Leagues of America and, in 1942, its secretary. She was also an active member of the Havergal Old Girls’ Association. She died in Toronto in December 1995.

Writers & Co.

  • Corporate body

Writers & Co. was opened by transplated New Yorker Irene McGuire in October 1982. The store's mandate was largely McGuire's mandate: she stocked the books because she wanted them. Its strengths were its collection of literary fiction, criticism and poetry, and it also had a unique and strong selection of books on baseball. The store became a much-beloved haven for book lovers in Toronto and abroad. The store suffered some financial problems in the early 1990s, which eventually forced its closure.

Wright, Richard Bruce

  • Person
  • 1937-2017

Richard Bruce Wright was born March 4, 1937, in Midland, Ontario. He studied radio and television arts at the Ryerson Institute of Technology, graduating in 1959. At Trent University he completed his Bachelor of Arts in 1972. Wright has worked as a copywriter for radio, as editor and sales manager at Macmillan Canada, and later as a teacher of English at Ridley College. Among his published works include: Andrew Tolliver (1965), The Weekend Man (1970), In the Middle of a Life (1973), Sunset Manor (1990), The Age of Longing (1995), Clara Callan (2001), Adultery (2004) and October (2007).

Wright, Peter Murrell

  • Person

Acting Dean, Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of Toronto.

Wright, George F

  • Person
  • [1905]-1976

Professor of organic chemistry, University of Toronto.

Wright was born in Council Bluffs, Iowa and received a PhD from Iowa State College in 1932. He did post-doctoral work at Iowa State, Harvard University and the University of Vienna. He came to Canada to teach at McGill University in 1935 and joined the staff at U of T in 1936. He became a full professor in 1941.

During the Second World War, he helped develop RDX, the most powerful explosive known at the time. For his work he was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire and was awarded the Medal of Freedom by the United States.

Wright, Eric

  • Person
  • 1929-2015

Eric Wright was born in 1929 in London, England, and emigrated to Canada at the age of 22. He has served as Writer in Residence at the Peterborough Public Library and taught English at Ryerson Polytechnic University until 1989. He has published several books, among them The Night the Gods Smiled (1983) and Death by Degrees (1993).

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