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People and organizations

Flinn, John Ferguson

  • Person
  • 1920-2009

John Ferguson Flinn was born in Toronto on 24 October 1920, the son of Thomas Flinn and Margaret Robson. In 1938 he entered Victoria College at the University of Toronto “on scholarships from Harbord C[ollegiate[ I[nstitute], added more each year.” [1] There he took Modern Languages and was much involved in extra-curricular activities. He sat on the executive of the French Club for four years, ending as president, and also for four years in the Canadian Officers Training Corps, where he commanded its Machine-gun Wing III in his final year. In his final year he was also president of the German Club, a member of the executive of the Class of 1938, and a member of the Hart House Art Committee. He graduated with a BA honours in 1942.

Following graduation, Professor Flinn enlisted in the Canadian Army. He took the 15th Field Security Course at Royal Military College in Kingston in the fall of 1942, followed by an intelligence course the following summer. In 1944 he took a wireless intelligence course in the United Kingdom. He trained initially (June 1942-June 1943) with the Canadian Armoured Corps (Advanced) Training Centre and the No. 2 Training Regiment. From August 1943 he served with the Canadian Intelligence Corps as an information officer, initially (from December 1943) at the headquarters of the 2nd Canadian Corps in England, and then with the 1st Canadian Wireless Intelligence Section in the Mediterranean theatre (August 1944-March 1945) and in northwestern Europe (March-November 1945). He was promoted to captain in May 1945 and received various medals. He was transferred to the Reserve in February 1946. [2]

Back in Toronto, Professor Flynn returned to his alma mater as a graduate student, receiving his Master of Arts in 1947. In 1949 he moved to Paris, France, where he was employed as “assistant d’anglais” (until 1952) at the Lycée Turgot and “professeur d’anglais” (until 1953) at the Institut National de la Statistique et des Ētudes économiques. He then entered the Sorbonne where he studied under Professor Jean Frappier and received his Doctorat de l’Université in 1958. His doctoral thesis, ‘Le Roman de Renart dans la literature française et dans les littératures étrangères au Moyen Age’, served as the basis for much of his research work in later life. In 1959 he was hired by the University of Toronto as a special lecturer in the Department of French at University College and was also appointed to the School of Graduate Studies. He was promoted to assistant professor the following year, to associate professor in 1964 and to the rank of professor in 1967, a year after receiving tenure. He retired from the University of Toronto in 1986

At the University of Toronto, Professor Flinn was much involved in departmental administrative work. From 1964 to 1968 he served as academic secretary and undergraduate secretary of French in University College and from 1969 to 1975 as secretary to the Graduate Department of French. From 1966 to 1968 he was a member of the Academic Advisory Committee of the Graduate Department of French and at various times (1966-1967, 1970-1971, 1974-1975) was a member of the Degree Committee for Division I of the School of Graduate Studies. At various times, he served on other committees in the Department of French at University College and other College committees, in the Department of French, the School of Graduate Studies and the Faculty of Arts and Science. From 1970 to 1972 he was a member of the university Senate.

Outside the University of Toronto, he served on the Appraisals Committee of the Ontario Council on Graduate Studies for three years (1973-1976), the last two as chair; and for a number of years from 1964 was a consultant to the Certification Department of the Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation.

In the Department of French, Professor Flinn taught courses in language practice, French realist literature, medieval French language and literature, and practical translation. At the graduate level, he taught courses in the structure of Old French and the bourgeoise literature of the Middle Ages. He supervised a number of masters and four doctoral students.

Professor Flinn’s research centred on bourgeoise literature in the Middle Ages, particularly in France, and the iconography of the Roman de Renart and related works in medieval Europe.

He wrote one major book, Le Roman de Renart dans la littérature française et dans les literatures étrangères au Moyen Age, book reviews, a few refereed articles and numerous non-refereed publications. Two of these were articles on Reynard the Fox and Gauthier d’Arras for the Dictionary of the Middle Ages but most were translations. The latter began with English translations of 97 biographies for volume I of the Dictionary of Canadian Biography/Dictionaire biographique du Canada (1965). For Volume II (1969), Professor Flinn chaired the English Translation Committee and was translator, and continued as English translator for volumes III (1974), IV (1979) and V (1983), VI (1987) and VII (1988). He translated a number of articles, pamphlets for the Addiction Research Foundation of Ontario, booklets for the Public Archives of Canada, and legal documents for the Ontario and federal governments and the University of Toronto. He also interpreted phrases of documents for various bodies and individuals.

Some of Professor Flinn’s articles grew out of addresses presented at conferences. Most of his papers dealt with bourgeoise literature of the Middle Ages and the iconography of the Roman de Renart.

Professor Flinn died in Toronto on 14 June 2009.

NOTES

[1] Torontonensis, 44 (1942) 50
[2] Curriculum vitae (September 1982) in B2009-0038/001(01); UTA, A1965-0002/009

University of Toronto. Department of Geography and Planning

  • Corporate body
  • 1935-current

The Department of Geography and Planning was established as the Chair of Geography on July 1, 1935. It was knows as the Department of Geography from September 12, 1935 until it was absorbed in the the Department of Urban and Regional Planning in 1981. The Department was renamed the Department of Geography and Regional Planning in 2***.

University of Toronto. John H. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape and Design

  • Corporate body
  • 1890-current

"A Department of Architecture was established at the University of Toronto in 1890, making ours the first architecture program in Canada and one of the earliest on the continent. The five-year Bachelor of Architecture was created in 1928, and the department was renamed the School of Architecture in 1933. Courses in town and regional planning were added in 1933, and the landscape courses were offered in 1934. In 1967 the school was granted faculty status with three departments: Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urban and Regional Planning. In 1998 the University of Toronto approved a name change for the division to Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design, heralding the establishment of a suite of new graduate programs: Master of Architecture, Master of Landscape Architecture, and Master of Urban Design. Today, the faculty name has changed to become the John H. Daniels Faculty of Architecture, Landscape, and Design in recognition of the historic gift of $14 million given by John and Myrna Daniels. We are extremely proud of our 120-plus-year history and the thousands of graduates who have gone on the lead creative lives throughout the world." - taken from https://daniels.utoronto.ca/about/history

University of Toronto. Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy

  • Corporate body
  • 1926-current

The first program in occupational science and occupational therapy was started in 1926 within the University of Toronto's Department of Extension. In 1950, the occupational therapy program was combined with the physical therapy program to form the Division of Physical and Occupational Therapy. In the early 1990s, the Division was split to form a separate Department of Occupation Science and Occupational Therapy, and a Department of Physical Therapy. More history on the program can be found here http://ot.utoronto.ca/about/program-history/

University of Toronto. Division of Physical and Occupational Therapy

  • Corporate body
  • 1950 - ca. 1993

The Division of Physical and Occupation Therapy was formed in 1950 as a merger of the Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy programs within the Department of Extension. The Division was split in the early 1990s to form two separate departments; the Department of Physical Therapy and the Department of Occupational Therapy.

Rouillard, Kay Riddell

  • Person
  • 1906-2006

Kay Riddell Rouillard, CM BA LLD, educator, artist, and social activist, was born in St. Lambert, Quebec, in 1906, the daughter of Harriet Page and Perry S. Dobson. Matriculating at Alma College, St. Thomas, she studied at University of Toronto's Victoria College, while assisting Arthur Lismer in art education for children. After graduation in 1929, she taught English and art in Ontario schools. In 1936 Kay married Robert Gerald Riddell, professor of history and later Canadian ambassador to the United Nations. After Gerry's death in 1951, Kay became the director of a community centre for students from abroad and led its transformation into the University of Toronto's International Student Centre and the acquisition of its present St. George Street quarters in 1966. After her retirement, Kay was awarded an honorary doctorate (University of Toronto 1973) and the Order of Canada (1974). A long-time member of the Spadina NDP she was, active in opposition to South African apartheid and other solidarity campaigns. In 1987 Kay married her friend of many decades, Clarence Dana Rouillard (1904-1991). She died peacefully in her 100th year on July 11, 2006 in Toronto.

University of Toronto. Office of the President

  • Corporate body
  • 1827-

On March 15, 1827, the University of Toronto, then called “King’s College”, was granted its royal charter by King George IV. In the years since its founding, the university has been home to a series of colourful presidents who, together with an extraordinary cast of faculty, staff, and students, have guided the university through a history filled with dramatic events — from the admission of women in the 1880s, the University College fire of 1890, two world wars, the student protests of the 1960s, decades of growth and underfunding, to the new wave of building, renewal, and excellence today.

Below is a list of the University of Toronto’s past presidents:
The Honourable and Right Reverend John Strachan – 1827-1848

The Reverend John McCaul – 1848-1880

Sir Daniel Wilson – 1880-1892

James Loudon – 1892-1906

Sir Robert Alexander Falconer – 1907-1932

The Honourable and Reverend Henry John Cody – 1932-1945

Sidney Earle Smith – 1945-1957

Claude Thomas Bissell – 1958-1971

John Robert Evans – 1972-1978

James Milton Ham – 1978-1983

David William Strangway – 1983-1984

George Edward Connell – 1984-1990

John Robert Stobo Prichard – 1990–2000

Robert Joseph Birgeneau – 2000-2004

C. David Naylor – 2005-2013

Meric Gertler – 2013-

Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer. Office of the Camp Wardens

  • Corporate body

The Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer, also known as the Kipling Ritual, or the Iron Ring Ceremony, is a private ceremony to initiate newly qualified engineers to the social and ethical responsibilities of the profession. The text for the ceremony was written by Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) in 1922, at the request of Professor Herbert Edward Terrick Haultain (1869-1961), and was adapted in consultation with several past-presidents of the Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC) for use in the first ceremonies held in Montreal and Toronto in 1925. Integral to the Ritual is the wearing of the iron ring, which is worn on the little finger of the writing hand, as a reminder of the engineer’s sworn professional obligation.

The issue of creating a graduation ritual for new engineers was first presented at the 36th annual meeting of the EIC, held 25 January 1922, in Montreal, Quebec. As the luncheon speaker at the meeting, Professor Haultain gave a talk entitled “The Romance of Engineering”, after which he suggested the development of an oath, in the form of the Hippocratic Oath, but for engineers. The idea was an extension of Haultain’s involvement with the transformation of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineers into the EIC in 1918, a transformation that sought to formalize the licensing process of engineers, while increasing their professional and public standing.

The difficulty of drafting an appropriate ritual led Haultain to correspond with Kipling for help with authoring a text. Kipling showed considerable interest in the idea and drafted the initial ceremony, which was formalized, after considerable consultation between Haultain and the seven past presidents of the EIC. These seven would ultimately become co-opted as the original Corporation of Seven Wardens by the authority of their seniority in the profession. They were John Morrice Roger Fairbairn (1873-1954), George Herrick Duggan (1862-1946), Phelps Johnson (1849-1926), George Alphonso Mountain (1861-1927), Robert Alexander Ross (d.1936), William Francis Tye (1861-1932) and Henry Hague Vaughan (1868-1942). Fairbairn was the original chairman, or Chief Warden, of this governing body.

The first “ceremony”, also referred to as a “preliminary rehearsal”, was held on 25 April 1925, in Montreal. Ross, acting as the Senior Supervising Engineer (SSE), administered the obligation to himself and Fairbairn, as well as Harold Rolph, Norman M. Lash, Jim M. Robertson and John Chalmers, all graduates of the class of 1893 from the University of Toronto. In Toronto on 1 May 1925, fourteen officers of the University of Toronto Alumni Association were obligated in the Senate Chambers of the University of Toronto by the newly obligated senior engineers from Montreal. This ceremony was followed on the same day by another in which the University’s graduating class of 107 engineering students was obligated.

Kipling envisoned a camp ritual, a gathering in the spirit of camaraderie. The original Wardens of Camp One subsequently established a formal structure to administer the Ritual in Toronto. This was confirmed on 22 February 1926, by correspondence between Fairbairn and Robert John Marshall (1884-1970). The original Camp Wardens were Haultain, Marshall, William D. Black (d.1961), Arthur D’Orr LePan (1885-1976), Charles E. MacDonald, Thomas H. Hogg, and William A. Burke. The full names of the original Wardens of the first nine Camps are listed following the Administrative history.

Camp One’s authority to administer the Ritual was confirmed when it was issued the Book of Authority by Fairbairn in 1927; it included the full text of the Kipling Ritual. Although the Ritual could be said to have originated with Haultain, he took no more than an informal role in the ceremonies because of his conviction that the ceremony should be conducted by working engineers. Students should not associate the ceremonies with the awarding of academic credentials. From its inception, attendance at the Ritual has been voluntary and does not confer any professional qualifications on the wearer of the ring.

The iron rings were initially made from puddled wrought iron, sometimes called cold iron, hand-hammered by convalescing First World War veterans at the Christie Street Military Hospital, under the care of the Military Hospitals Commission which became the Department of Soldiers’ Civil Re-establishment (DSCR). Haultain had a longstanding association with the DSCR; he arranged for the rings to be manufactured and delivered to the various camps. After 1948 the responsibility for their manufacture was taken over by the Corporation of the Seven Wardens, based in Montreal. Camp One continued to manufacture its own rings, considering them to be Ancient Landmarks. While many members still wear a rough iron ring, most of the rings manufactured today are made from stainless steel.

Kipling regarded the ring as a symbol. It is rough, not smoothed, and hammered by hand as, in the words of Kipling, “the young have all their hammering coming to them.” The ring has no beginning or end. Kipling’s use of cold iron as a symbolic metal for the Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer stems from his interest in iron as a metal of power and a symbol of human innovation. Likewise, the Ancient Landmarks upon which the obligation is taken are made of cold iron of “honourable tradition” without inscription. Landmarks have typically included anvils, chains and hammers. A frequently circulated myth about the iron rings is that they were made from the pieces of the collapsed Pont de Quebec Bridge that killed 76 people in 1907. The rings, however, have always been made from commercial sources. While the Ritual is not a secret initiation, tradition has called for the ceremony to be private and has been solemnized by its not being publicized. The ceremony is conducted at each university by obligated engineers for students who are about to graduated from an accredited engineering program. In Camp One only family members and friends who themselves are obligated may attend and participate as ring presenters. Persons with foreign education who are professional engineers in Canada may apply to be obligated at a special ceremony known as the “Seniors Ceremony”.

The Kipling Ritual was registered in Ottawa on 5 June 1926, under copyright number 6831. Obligation certificates have been printed and given out at or after the ceremony since 1927. The “Hymn of Breaking Strain”, a poem written by Rudyard Kipling, was at times recited as a homily at the end of the Ritual to be delivered by the SSE. Kipling had intended the Wardens to own the copyright of the poem but that plan proved legally impractical and instead it was assigned to himself and published in The Engineer in 1935 to secure the rights. Kipling’s poem “The Sons of Martha” was written in 1907 and has also been recited as a homily. The Corporation of the Seven Wardens was incorporated as the custodial organization and administrative body of the Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer, under federal letters patent on 18 March 1938. The Ritual was officially registered in the United States in 1941. Miniature obligation cards were given to obligating engineers as portable keepsakes in 1943, at the suggestion of Harold Johnston, the secretary of Camp Seven in Halifax. The trademark for the ring design was registered in 1961 in Canada and 1965 in the United States.

Attempts have been made to make the Ritual available outside of Canada. Some Wardens felt that the Ritual to be extended to engineers in Commonwealth countries and in the United States. Some wardens have rejected numerous attempts to adapt the ceremony for other jurisdictions outside of Canada. Nonetheless, certain highly distinguished foreign engineers have taken the obligation in Canada, upon the invitation of the Chief Warden.

Kipling was opposed to such extension. He wrote “I did it for the Canadians and with the Canadians I wish it to remain.” Within Canada, the Iron Ring Ceremony has become immensely popular. By 2007 twenty-five camps located in every region of the country serving the needs of thirty-eight university campuses. The text of the Ritual has been translated into French as “L’engagement de l’ingenieur”, as have the poems “The Sons of Martha” and the “Hymn of Breaking Strain”, both of which are included in the French ceremony as in the English. Camp One has expanded its reach beyond the University of Toronto, so that it now serves Ryerson University (added in 1992), York University and the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (both added in 2007).

The Order of the Engineer in the United States has modelled an obligation ceremony on the Canadian Ritual. The U.S. camps are called “Links”. Candidates wear plain stainless steel rings to show that they have been obligated. This programme was approved by the American Society of Civil Engineers in 2003 and has been condoned by the Corporation of the Seven Wardens. Though the ceremony bears little resemblance to the Kipling Ritual, the American ceremony clearly acknowledges its Canadian origin.

LIST OF ORIGINAL WARDENS BY CAMP

Camp 1 (1925): William D. Black, William A. Bucke, Herbert E.T. Haultain, Thomas H. Hogg, Arthur D'Orr LePan, Charles A. MacDonald, Robert J. Marshall

Camp 2 (1926): DeGaspé Beaubien, F.B. Brown, N.M. Campbell, F.S. Keith, J.C. Kemp, J.J. Ross, F.P. Shearwood

Camp 3 (1927): John M. Campbell, William Casey, John Donnelly, Stanley N. Graham, Thomas A. McGinnis, Edward J.C. Schmidlin, Henry L. Sherwood

Camp 4 (1928): R.N. Blackburn, H.S. Carpenter, A.C. Garner, A.M. MacGillibray, J.R.C. Macredie, C.J. Mackenzie, L.A. Thornton

Camp 5 (1930): E. Carpenter, E.A. Cleveland, Victor Dolmage, A.E. Foreman, W.H. Powell, G.A. Walkem, A.E. Wheatley

Camp 6 (1930): R.B. Baxter, L.C. Charlesworth, W.J. Cunningham, J.B. de Hart, A.W. Haddow, S.G. Porter, B.L. Thorne

Camp 7 (1930): H.F. Bennett, W.P. Copp, H.W.L. Doane, A.F. Dyer, J.B. Hayes, H.S. Johnston, J.H. Winfield

Camp 8 (1930): C.H. Attwood, Donald J. Birse, George E. Cole, J.S. DeLury, H.B. Lumsden, J.W. Sanger, Fred V. Seibert

Camp 9 (1934): J.R. Freeman, A. Gray, C.C. Kirby, Gilbert G. Murdock, Geoffrey Stead, G.H. Thurber, G.A. Vandervoort

Urban, Frederic

  • Person
  • 1942-

Frederic Urban was born on 12 January 1942 in Springfield, Massachusetts. In the fall of 1959 he entered Merrimack College, a private Roman Catholic institution in North Andover, Massachusetts. In the summer of 1961, he studied Latin at Glastonbury Abbey, a Benedictine abbey in Hingham, Massachusetts, and that autumn entered the Augustinian Good Counsel Novitiate in New Hamburg, New York as a novice monk. In the autumn of 1962 he resumed his studies at Merrimack, graduating with an AB in 1964. In 1970 he received his MA in literature from Boston College. He met his future partner, Larry Richards, in Boston in 1967. In 1975 they moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia where Frederic entered the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, from which he received a Bachelor of Fine Arts in 1978. This was followed by an independent study program at the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1978-1979. At both institutions, Urban mounted a number of exhibitions and took part in performance pieces.

After receiving his AB degree, Frederic Urban spent three years with Dun and Bradstreet in New Haven, Connecticut and General Motors Corporation in Boston. While studying for his MA, he taught high school part-time and afterwards taught at three Massachusetts high schools before coming to Canada in 1975. He has practised as a professional artist since graduating from the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design in 1978, alongside his scholarly work as an architect. He served as a director of Networks Limited of Halifax in 1979-1980, where one of the projects was the Lyon’s Tower (published in Domus (Milan) in 1981).

When Larry Richards was appointed director of the School of Architecture at the University of Waterloo in 1982, Urban became an adjunct assistant professor there, a position he held until they moved to Toronto in 1989. At Waterloo he served as co-ordinator of the first year architectural design programme. In 1987 he spent four months as a visiting professor teaching architectural design at the Nanjing Institute of Technology in Nanjing, China, and returned the following year (the Institute had become Southeast University). In 1989-1990 he served as director of the S. L. Simpson Gallery, one of the leading commercial galleries in Toronto. He then joined the Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at the University of Toronto as adjunct assistant professor with responsibility for the first year architectural design studio. He also tutored in the fifth year architectural design thesis studio. In 1992 he was promoted to associate adjunct professor and in 1998 to associate professor and, in addition, faculty advisor, student affairs and a member of the faculty, School of Graduate Studies. From 1998 Professor Urban chaired the Faculty’s admission and recruitment committee and from 2004 he was a member of the Faculty’s executive committee. From 1999 until his retirement in 2007 he was a member of the University Tribunal.

Professor Urban has been an occasional visiting artist and lecturer. In 1979 he was visiting artist at Ohio State University, where he documented a number of student performances. In October 1981 he was guest lecturer with the Venice Study Abroad Program run by the Department of Architecture at the University of Toronto. The following year he was a guest lecturer at University College for Larry Richard’s course, “Introduction to architecture”. In 1991 he was a visiting lecturer at the University of Wisconsin at Stout. In 1996-1997 he was adjunct professor, creative and performing arts, at Northwestern State University, Natchitoches, Louisiana.

Other professional appointments include serving as a member of the research grants adjudication committee of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada from 1988-1990, as a member of the College Art Association, and as a member of the Board of Directors of the Sharon Temple Museum Society from 1996-2001.

His writings have appeared in a number of journals and catalogues.

Frederic Urban and Larry Richards reside in Toronto and maintain a house in Natchitoches, Louisiana.

Massey Family

  • Family
  • 1887-1967

Charles Vincent Massey was born on February 20, 1887 in Toronto, the son of Chester Daniel Massey and Anna Vincent. His brother, Raymond Massey, was born nine years later on August 30, 1896.

Vincent Massey attended Jarvis Collegiate and, in 1906, entered University College at the University of Toronto. From 1906 to his graduation in 1910 he was active in many campus activities such as contributor to the Varsity and other campus publications, and chair of the Letters Club. In 1911 he entered Balliol College, Oxford. On his return to Canada in 1913, he was employed as Dean of the Men's residence, Victoria College and as lecturer in history.

In 1915 he married Alice Parkin and a year later welcomed the birth of his first son, Lionel. His second son, Hart, was born in 1918. In 1919 Vincent Massey was instrumental in forming the Massey Foundation from his grandfather's estate. In 1919 Hart House, named in honour of his grandfather, Hart Almerrin Massey, was opened. This was followed by the establishment of Hart House Theatre, in which he was instrumental as patron, director and actor, and later the Hart House String Quartet, which was sponsored and promoted by Vincent and Alice Massey.

Vincent Massey embarked on a long career of public service, as politician and government representative abroad. In 1926 he was appointed Canada's first minister to Washington by the newly elected Liberal government. In 1930 he was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to London by Prime Minister Mackenzie King but resigned shortly following the defeat of Liberal Party by Conservatives led by R.B. Bennett. When the Liberal's returned to power in 1935, he was reappointed High Commissioner to London. He and his wife remained in London throughout the war years. During their years in England they continued to support the arts both in Britain and Canada.

Following their return to Canada in 1946, Massey continued to be involved in Canadian arts and culture, published his book On being Canadian (1948), and from 1949-1951 served as Chairman, Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letter and Sciences. Recommendations from this Commission led to the formation of the Canada Council.

Two years after the death of his wife in 1950 Vincent Massey was appointed the first Canadian born Governor- General of Canada (1952-1959). His son, Lionel, served as his private secretary. Following completion of his term as Governor-General he continued to write, lecture, and serve the arts and culture community. In 1962 he published his autobiography What's past is prologue. In 1957 he had initiated the establishment of Massey College at the University of Toronto. Six years later he attended its official opening. He died in London, England on December 30,1967.

Benson, Clara Cynthia

  • Person
  • 1875-1964

Clara Cynthia Benson was born June 5, 1875 at the family home, Terralta in Port Hope, the daughter of Judge Thomas Moore Benson (1833-1915) and his second wife, Laura Fuller Benson (1847-1928). Judge Benson’s first wife, Mary Edith (d. 1870) was the eldest daughter of Rev. John McCaul, President of University College. In addition to Clara, the Benson family consisted of two half sisters, Ethel Mary (b1867) and Emily Constance (b. 1869), her sister Jessie (b1880) and a brother, Thomas Bingley Fuller Benson (1876-1941).

Clara Benson received her early education at Port Hope High School and following graduation enrolled in University College at the University of Toronto. From 1895 to 1899 she studied math, chemistry and physics in the Faculty of Arts and was the first women to graduate with a Bachelor of Arts degree in chemistry in 1899. She continued her studies as a graduate student in biochemistry and was one of only two women to be awarded a PhD in 1903. Her thesis “The rates of reactions in solutions containing ferrous and sulphate, potassium iodine and chromic acid” was published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry in May, 1903. She was appointed to the faculty of the Lillian Massey School of Domestic Science and spent 1905-1906 as lecturer in physiological chemistry at the University. In 1906 she was appointed Associate Professor in the newly created Faculty of Household Science .and proceeded to develop the programme of study in food chemistry. In 1926 she was promoted to full professor and head of the Department of Food Chemistry, a position she held until her retirement. With Professor Annie Laird, principal and professor of Household Science, she left a lasting impact on this field of study. She retired as Professor Emeritus in 1945.

During her forty year career with the University of Toronto, Dr. Benson was involved in many aspects of university life in particular and the community in general. Among her academic achievements was recognition for her work in food chemistry during the World War I. She discovered that explosives could be analyzed in the same manner as the chemistry of foods. “Her methods established the accepted technique for analysis in munitions laboratories.” In 1921 she became the first president of the Women’s Athletic Association at the University of Toronto, position she held until her retirement in 1945. One of the main goals of the WAA was the construction of a women’s athletic centre, a goal that wasn’t achieved for 38 years. In 1959 she returned to the University to unveil a plaque commemorating the opening of the Benson Building, named in her honour. Other honours bestowed on her included the establishment of a scholarship in her name in 1950 sponsored by the Household Science alumnae, and the presentation of a portrait by Yousef Karsh, which was hung in the Household Science building. In 1992, the Canadian Society for Chemistry established the Clara Benson Award, awarded annually to a woman who has made a distinguished contribution to chemistry while working in Canada.

She was also very involved in the YWCA (Young Women’s Christian Association) serving on its national board. After her retirement in 1945, her work on the YWCA led to her interest in sponsoring two young French girls, Madeleine Killian and Maryse Deslandes, orphaned during World War II. One of her major interests was the making of films such as the visit of the King and Queen and the University campus. She was also involved in her local church in Port Hope, and an avid stamp collector. She died in Port Hope on March 24, 1964

MacIntosh, David Lloyd

  • Person
  • 1914-2013

David Lloyd MacIntosh was a knee-surgery and sports medicine pioneer.

David Lloyd MacIntosh was born on June 6, 1914 in Middle Musquodoboit, a small community near Halifax, Nova Scotia. MacIntosh was the second youngest of six children in his family, and excelled in his schooling from an early age – winning the Governor-General’s Academic Gold Medal while in high school.

MacIntosh attended Dalhousie University in Halifax, where he studied English literature and received his Bachelor of Arts in 1933. His love for literature, especially poetry, was fueled by MacIntosh’s father, a United Church minister who loved poetry and recited it to MacIntosh from a young age. After graduating from Dalhousie, MacIntosh took a job teaching, though he realized quickly that he it would not be his lifelong career. Instead, MacIntosh decided to pursue medical school at Dalhousie, first obtaining a Bachelor of Science in 1934, and earning his Doctor of Medicine in 1939, graduating as a class Gold Medalist.

It was MacIntosh’s first internship that initially brought him to Toronto to work at Toronto General Hospital. He was only briefly at Toronto General before joining the Royal Canadian Navy as a surgeon-lieutenant during the Second World War. While in the Navy, MacIntosh first worked on deep sea diving experiments with British scientist J.B.S Haldane. MacIntosh also served as a physician aboard the HMS Philante, which helped to escort freighters across the North Atlantic Ocean. Before the end of the war, MacIntosh returned to Canada and treated senior officers at a hospital in Ottawa. While in Ottawa, MacIntosh met and married Elaine Dickie. Together they had three children; Doug, Ian and Ann.

When the war ended in 1945, MacIntosh returned to Toronto to finish his internships, which led to a scholarship year in the United Kingdom involving work in several medical facilities which were specializing in the new field of orthopedics. MacIntosh became especially interested in knees and athletic injuries, leading to the opening of his own practice in Toronto in the early 1950s.

MacIntosh also accepted a post with the UofT’s Hart House clinic, which allowed him to host clinics on weekday afternoons for injured Varsity athletes and eventually led to his appointment as the team doctor for the Varsity football and hockey teams.

MacIntosh also accepted a cross-appointed position at the UofT in the early 1950s teaching interns, residents, and undergraduate students while also working as an orthopedic consultant for the Princess Margaret Hospital dealing with cancer patients, and the Christie Street and Sunnybrook hospitals for war veterans.

Working with wounded veterans and many injured athletes, MacIntosh would often have to diagnose patients with irreparable torn anterior cruciate ligaments (ACL), and began to think of ways to successfully repair the knee. In 1957, MacIntosh invented the “pivot-shift” test to determine how the knee had been injured – a test that is still the standard in medical practice today. His testing eventually led him to perform the first successful surgery for repairing a torn ACL in the early 1960s.

His interest in orthopedics was not limited to knee injuries. During the 1960s and 70s, MacIntosh also worked with damaged hips (hemiarthroplasty), ankles, shoulders, and backs, and researched and perfected various difficult surgical procedures such as high tibial osteotomy and hip replacements, and treated a wide-range of patients suffering from trauma, osteo and rheumatoid arthritis, cancer (destruction of bones), congenital deformities, neck and spine injuries, and hand, foot and ankle injuries.

In the 1970s and 80s, demand for MacIntosh’s skills and knowledge increased, and he became a consultant for various organizations such as the Workmen’s Compensation Board (WCB), Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB), the Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA). He also worked on many high-profile athletes such as the downhill skiers the “Crazy Canucks”, and ballerina Veronica Tennant, who became the first person to dance after successful ACL surgery and rehabilitation. As MacIntosh’s career wound down, his focus turned to caring for aging patients suffering from arthritis and joint problems, and he was known for his long term approach and vigorous follow-up procedures with patients.

MacIntosh retired from his practice in 1984, but kept seeing patients part-time until 2002, when he turned 88 years old. MacIntosh died on January 12, 2013 at the age of 98. The David L. MacIntosh Sport Medicine Clinic, which treats sport-related injuries at the University of Toronto, was named after him in 1990.

Synan, Edward A.

  • VIAF ID: 94342297
  • Person
  • 1918-1997

Edward Aloysius Synan was born on April 13, 1918. He graduated from Seton Hall College (South Orange, NJ) in 1938. He studied theology at the American College at the Catholic University of Louvain, but returned to North America at the start of the Second World War. He completed his studies at the Catholic University of America (Washington, DC) in 1942, and was also ordained to the priesthood in 1942. Fr. Synan served as a chaplain in the United States Air Force from 1944-1948, and then returned to his studies at the University of Toronto. He graduated with an M.A. in 1950, and a PhD in 1952, both in Philosophy. He also earned the License in Mediaeval Studies from the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies in 1951.

Fr. Synan then taught philosophy at Seton Hall University from 1952 to 1959. He returned to Toronto in 1959, where he stayed until his death in 1997. While in Toronto, he taught in the Department of Philosophy at the University of St. Michael's College, at the School of Graduate Studies at the University of Toronto, and at the Pontifical Institute. He served as President of the Pontifical Institute from 1973 to 1979, and also served as Acting President during the 1989-1990 term.

Fr. Synan died on August 3, 1997.

Biringer, Paul P.

  • Person
  • 1925-2000

Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Toronto and as a professional engineer.

Blake, Gerald Edward

  • Person
  • 1892-1916

Gerald Edward Blake was born in Toronto on May 28, 1892, the eldest son of Edward Francis Blake and Ethel Mary Benson. His father, Edward Blake (1860-1905) was the son of the Hon. Edward Blake, former Chancellor of the University of Toronto, and partner in the law firm Blake, Lash & Cassels. His mother was the eldest daughter of Judge Thomas M. Benson of Port Hope, and step sister of Clara Benson (See B2003-0008). The Blake family was also related to the Wrong family through the marriage of Edward Blake’s sister Sophia Hume to George M. Wrong, professor of history at the University of Toronto. (See B2003-0005).

Gerald Blake’s early education was at Ridley College, St. Catherines from which he graduated in 1910. In the fall, he entered the University of Toronto with double scholarship in Classics and Mathematics and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1914. During his years at the University he was a member of Kappa Alpha Fraternity, along with his cousins, Hume Wrong and Harold V. Wrong. He was studying law at Osgoode Hall when war broke out in 1914. He left for England in June, 1915 to join the British Expeditionary Force. During his time overseas, he became engaged to Katherine Ogden Jones and spent his last leave with her and his aunt, Emily Morris, in England during the spring of 1916.

He was commissioned as 2nd Lieut. 4th Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry on July 22, 1915. He fought in France and Flanders from 31 October 1915 and was promoted to Lieutenant on April 1, 1916 and Captain on 13 July 1916. He was killed in action at Pozières during the Battle of the Somme on July 23, 1916. He was buried in Mash Valley, “1,250 yards due west of the centre of Pozières.” [1].

NOTES
[1] The roll of honour. A biographical record of all members of His Majesty’s Naval and Military forces who have fallen in the War. Volume II. By The Marquis de Ruvigny (London: n.d.). Gerald Blake is recorded on page 31.

Acres, Henry G.

  • Person

Student in mechanical and electrical engineering at the Ontario School of Practical Science from 1900-1903.

Dauphinee, James Arnold

  • Person
  • 1903-1983

James Arnold Dauphinee was born in New Westminster, B.C. on January 9, 1903, the son of Lindsay Arnold and Isabella St. Clair. He graduated from the University of British Columbia with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1922 and received a Ph.D.(biochemistry; 1929) and M.D. (1930) specializing in internal medicine from the University of Toronto. From 1938 to 1941 he was engaged in private practice. During World War II he served with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps and held the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire (O.B.E.) for his work at a Belgian military hospital. Following his military service, he returned to private practice in 1945. He was appointed professor of pathological chemistry and head of the department at the University of Toronto in 1947, succeeding Dr. Andrew Hunter. He remained as head until 1966.

He was married to Doris Manning in 1929. Following her death, he married her sister, Muriel. He died at Sunnybrook Medical Centre, Toronto, after a lengthy illness on August 18, 1983.

Hunter, Andrew

  • Person

Head of the department of pathological chemistry at the University of Toronto, until 1947

University of Toronto. New College

  • Corporate body
  • 1962-present

Founded in 1962, New College was the first college to be created within the University of Toronto since the federation with Victoria, Trinity and St. Michael's Colleges. The name of the college was initially to be "New King's College," in homage to University College, which had been known as King's College before receiving new royal charter.

University of Toronto Libraries

  • Corporate body
  • 1892-

The University of Toronto Library was established in 1892. Now known as University of Toronto Libraries, the system consists of 44 libraries located on three university campuses: St. George, Mississauga and Scarborough.

University of Toronto Libraries. Gerstein Science and Information Centre

  • Corporate body
  • 1973-current

"The Gerstein Science Information Centre is located at 9 Kings College Circle on the University of Toronto campus. The library originally existed as the main University of Toronto library, and maintained this status from 1892 to 1973. In 1973 the humanities and social sciences materials were moved to the then newly built Robarts Library, and the remaining collection was divided between the undergraduate Sigmund Samuel Library and the Science and Medicine Library. In 1997, the Science and Medicine Library was renamed the Gerstein Science Information Centre after a significant donation from benefactor the Frank Gerstein Charitable Foundation." from Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerstein_Science_Information_Centre

University of Toronto Mathematical and Physical Society

  • Corporate body

The University College Mathematical and Physical Society was founded in 1882, two years after the Mathematics and Physics course was introduced in 1880. Reported to be the first mathematical and physical society of its kind at a North American University, its meetings provided an opportunity for both students and professors to present papers on areas of their special interest. Historical subjects as well as mathematical and physical problems were discussed in these papers, some of which were published by the society in three volumes between 1890 and 1894. In 1891 the society changed its name to the University of Toronto Mathematical and Physical Society and in the 1960's the society took on the role of a course union to perform more practical services for students in Mathematics and Physics.

Many of the society's early student members later achieved fame in the field of mathematics or physics, among these J. C. Fields, W. J. Loudon, Samuel Beatty and I. R. Pounder. An account of the role these men and others played in the Society, as well as a fuller history of the Society can be found in the manuscript essay by John Spender entitled The early history of the Mathematical and Physical Society and Course Union of the University of Toronto.

University of Toronto. Scarborough Campus. Department of Humanities

  • Corporate body
  • ca. 1970s - 2012

Effective July 1st, 2012, the Department of Humanities at the University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) has been replaced by three new academic units: the Centre for French and Linguistics, the Department of Arts, Culture and Media, and the Department of Historical and Cultural Studies.

University of Toronto. Art Committee

  • Corporate body
  • n.d.

The University Art Committee is a committee advisory to the President of the University of Toronto. It meets at least annually at the call of the Vice-President and Provost or designate, who shall act as Chair of its meetings.
The Committee is mandated to advise on broad policy matters respecting the University's works of art.

University of Toronto. Board of Governors

  • Corporate body
  • 1884-1972

The Board of Governors was called the Board of Trustees until 1906. In 1972 the Board of Governors merged with the University of Toronto Senate to become the University of Toronto Governing Council, now known as the Office of the Governing Council.

University of Toronto. Board of Governors. Women's Building Committee

  • Corporate body
  • [ca.1920]-1959

Prior to the opening of Hart House for men in 1919, there had been some attempts by the women of the University to point out the need for a women’s building. In 1916, The Varsity carried an editorial by Marie Parkes, the Women’s Reporting Editor, enunciating the need for such a building.
When Hart House opened, the Massey foundation donated $125,000 to the University to be used towards a women’s building. Gradually the women at the University began a more organized approach to the Board of Governors and to the President to emphasize the need for a building that would serve as a social, cultural and physical centre for all women on the campus. At the same time the ‘Physical Directress’ Ivy Coventry was making the needs of her department known to President Falconer. Plans were drawn up in 1921 for a women’s gymnasium to be built at the corner of Hoskin and Devonshire Place (the present site of Massey College).
In 1928, a ‘Dean’s Council’ of representatives of the U of T women faculty members was formed. The name was soon changed to the “Committee of Women Members of the Staff of the U of T”. After several attempts to be officially approved, the Committee, re-named the “Women’s Building Committee of the U of T”, was recognized by the Board of Governors in January, 1930. In the early 1930’s another set of blueprints was prepared. Sometime during the 1930’s, it was decided that the Hoskin and Devonshire site was too small.
In 1938-39, Sir Joseph Flavelle left his home “Holwood” to the University “to be used as a club or meeting place for women staff and students (cf. “A Canadian Millionaire”, Michael Bliss). Plans were announced by the officials that a gymnasium would be added to “Holwood”, thus providing a centre for women comparable to Hart House. World War II prevented any further progress with the plans.
When the “Women’s Building Advisory Committee” (a name given to it by the President) re-convened in 1946, they found that for a variety of reasons, some of which were never explained to the women’s satisfaction, the women were not to have the use of “Holwood” (this building is now the Faculty of Law). It should be noted that the fund for a women’s building now amounted to $290,000. (The interest on the original gift together with some other bequests and money raised over the years by the Women’s Athletic association).
By the late 1940’s, the situation, re: the lack of facilities for [women] enrolled in the fast-growing degree program in Physical and Health Education, had reached a critical state. Briefs were presented by both the Building committee and the Women’s Athletics Committee on several occasions.
In 1951, the University purchased “Wymilwood” from Victoria College and announced that this would be the new women’s building. The building was to be renovated and gymnasium facilities added. The building was re-named “Falconer Hall”. New plans were initiated for the additions to the building. President Smith announced that a new advisory committee was to be appointed for Falconer Hall but the “Women’s Building Advisory Committee” was to be retained to develop future plans. The “Falconer Hall Advisory Committee” was to consider matters related to the operation of Falconer Hall.
In 1955-56, President Smith abolished the “Women’s Building Advisory Committee” with no advance notice. At about the same time, he also advised Miss Slack, Director of Physical and Health Education for Women and Director of Falconer Hall that the Premier of Ontario had informed him that he did not wish Physical Education facilities to be built on Queen’s Park, and that consideration was again being given to building a physical education facility at the corner of Hoskin and Devonshire Place, a location that had been rejected by the Board in the 1930’s as being too small to be worth the while. These actions were met with indignation from the various women’s alumnae groups. Following vigorous protests and representation by a committee drawn from several alumnae groups, under the chairmanship of Mrs. Pauline McGibbon, the Committee was re-established and plans were announces that a new Women’s Building would be built at the corner of Harbord and Huron Streets.

The Committee continued until the Benson Building was opened in 1959 (cf. Falconer Hall Building Committee)

During the period from 1921 to 1959, the W.A.A. and the Women Senior T-holders were prominent in the long struggle to obtain a women’s building that would serve as a social, cultural and physical centre. They finally had to settle for a home for women’s physical education and sports.

University of Toronto. Centre for Research in Librarianship

  • Corporate body
  • 1975-1984

According to its first newsletter (no date P1979-0016(01)), the Centre for Research in Librarianship (CLR), Faculty of Library Science, University of Toronto, was established November 1975, under the directorship of J. P. Wilkinson who was responsible to the Dean of the Faculty of Information Science. The purpose of the centre was “to facilitate research in librarianship by acting as a liaison between funded research and appropriate research expertise.” The CLR was apparently the first of its kind in Canada. The Centre had at least three major projects: with the Canadian Library Association for a research design for a Canadian Association of Public Libraries inquiry into public library needs; with the Regina Public Library Board for a study of children’s services; and with the Metropolitan Toronto Library Board for the development of a standard catalogue of Canadian materials. The CLR was located at the Faculty of Library Science Building at 140 St. George Street. The Centre appears to have been dissolved around 1983-1984.

University of Toronto. Centre for Urban Health Initiatives (CUHI)

  • Corporate body
  • 2004-2011

The Centre for Urban Health Initiatives (CUHI) was one of seven research centres established in 2004 by the CIHR’s Institute of Population and Public Health under its Centres for Research Development program. Located in University College with Principal Investigator John Myles, Professor of Sociology and Canada Research Chair in the Social Foundations of Public Policy, CUHI has provided infrastructure and platforms for the stimulus of inter-disciplinary research, training and knowledge exchange on the social and physical determinants of health. Scholarship within the centre focused on emerging areas of population and public health, including neighbourhoods, food security & urban agriculture, physical environments, youth sexual health, chronic disease prevention & management, environmental health justice and policy pathways for equitable health and health care. The Board was chaired by Professor Dennis Magill and centre operations were managed by the Director of Research (Brenda Ross) with the assistance of the Centre Coordinator(s) (Stacey Creak and prior to that Alexis Kane-Speer).

Due to discontinuation of the Centres for Research Development program, the Centre will be closing on April 15, 2011. CUHI has had certainly had a good run. Throughout our centres operations, CUHI has been proud to work with a diverse set of policy and community partners and to provide supports to researchers across a wide variety of disciplines. Over the years, we have attracted 108 academic researchers across 25 disciplines and 20 institutions. A total of 116 research projects received CUHI supports and these have led to numerous spin-off projects, proposal submissions, successful major grants and publications. In addition, CUHI provided training supports and opportunities for at least 126 graduate students and 119 undergraduates, one post-doctoral fellow and 29 other doctoral students. Many of the centres’ platforms served as spaces for interdisciplinary researcher and stakeholder dialogues. Knowledge exchange activities have been extensive and involved impressive numbers of community and policy stakeholder users of research across diverse settings as well as faculty and students from a variety of disciplines.

(Taken from http://www.cuhi.utoronto.ca/)

University of Toronto. Centre for Urban and Community Studies

  • Corporate body
  • 1964-

Origins

The Centre’s roots go back to the early “brown bag” lunches of its founding members. Beginning in 1961, S.D. Clark (of Political Economy and, after 1962, Sociology), Oswald Hall (Sociology), Donald Kerr and Jacob Spelt (Geography), James Milner (Law), and Albert Rose (Social Work), met every few months in the McMaster building (now the Royal Conservatory) to discuss their research interests and read papers to each other. Their concerns focused mainly on Metro Toronto and the urban-related activities of the federal and provincial governments.

They decided to create a research centre focused on urban affairs and established a committee to promote the idea. In a meeting with President Claude T. Bissell on November 20, 1963, the committee successfully pleaded its case. The School of Graduate Studies established the Centre on May 1, 1964.

The 1960s

The centre was managed by an Executive Council of six faculty members, with a chair-man appointed by the president. The president also appointed a director responsible for the centre’s day-to-day work. A Faculty Council and an Advisory Council made up of persons from outside the university met at least once a year to determine general policy and advise the Executive Council.

The inaugural seminar of the Centre of Urban Studies, on urban renewal, took place in Simcoe Hall on October 29 and 30, 1964. The new Centre also initiated several research projects, including the Timmins Project (Clark), the Georgian Bay Project (Milner), the Land Use Atlas (Kerr) and the CMHC-funded Alexandra Park Project (Rose).

In 1966 Stefan Dupre became director. In those days, the Centre was a one-person op-eration in the back room of a rented house on Spadina Avenue (since torn down). The di-rector had a secretary, some funding, and little else. Nevertheless, the name of the Centre was enlarged to encompass “community studies” to reflect research on community issues that were not necessarily urban in origin or expression.

The Executive Council and the director planned seminars, discussion groups, visiting lecturers, and monthly luncheons featuring guest speakers. By 1970 the Centre had 20 pro-fessors among its resident researchers and maintained regular contact with more than 80 faculty members.

A publication program that is still active started in 1968 with the release of the first Re-search Paper on urban development in Quebec and Ontario by Larry Bourne and Alan Baker. In 1969 A.J. Scott contributed the first bibliography, on combinatorial programming in planning; and in 1974, Albert Rose published the first Major Report, on citizen participation in urban renewal. The first Centre newsletter was published in 1972, discontinued after a few issues, and reactivated in 1978. In 1984, an international journal, Women & Environments, began its five-year sojourn at the Centre. It is now owned by the non-profit WEED Foundation.

The 1970s

In 1969, the Centre appointed Larry S. Bourne associate director to help with the in-creased administrative load, and the Centre moved to 150 St. George Street. Richard So-berman (1971-72) succeeded Dupre as director, followed by Bourne (1972-84).

Major research initiatives included:

An extensive exploration of alternative future trajectories of urban and economic devel-opment in Ontario and Quebec, funded primarily by Bell Canada

A massive five-year study of the effects of housing type on the preferences and behaviour of households in the process of relocation, headed by William Michelson

The Joint Program in Transportation (JPT), which linked faculty and students from engi-neering, economics, geography, planning, and law at York University and the University of Toronto (the program still exists as a free-standing unit within the University of Toronto)

The Housing Markets program, initially funded by the University’s Connaught Fund

The Child in the City Program (1976-83) was set up in response to the needs of the Hos-pital for Sick Children Foundation for research on the effects of social, neighbourhood and environmental change on urban children. It was the largest and most ambitious program as-sociated with the Centre and the first to combine faculty from the medical, health, and social science communities. In 1982, the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) emerged from this innovative project.

In 1977, the global secretariat of the International Network for Social Network Analysis (INSNA) was established in the Centre under Barry Wellman. INSNA linked more than 300 social network analysts from all continents. The INSNA newsletter Connections was pub-lished three times a year through the Centre from 1976 until 1988, when it moved to the Uni-versity of Florida.
The Centre hosted its first major international conference, on urban housing markets re-search and policy, in October 1977. Another major conference, “The Metropolis,” was held in November 1983 in honour of the distinguished urban planner, teacher, activist and Centre associate, Hans Blumenfeld.

The Centre’s resource room of research material and policy documents was organized in 1978. The major focus was on housing, but its expanding holdings reflected the Centre’s changing research interests.

In the 1970s, the Centre supported up to 40 students a year as research assistants on major projects. The Centre also offered dissertation fellowships, small grants and assistant-ships. These unfortunately stopped in the early 1980s as budgets space tightened.

The 1980s

Ambitious expansion plans were put on hold in the 1980s because of the downturn in funding and waning political interest in urban questions. The federal Ministry of State for Ur-ban Affairs closed in 1979, the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation retreated from funding large-scale external research projects, and the Bureau of Municipal Research in To-ronto closed in 1982.

In 1982 the Centre moved to its present location at the top of the former Tip Top Tailors building at 455 Spadina Avenue. The offices were renovated and the original front doors of the old Victorian house at 150 St. George were mounted in the fourth-floor hallway.

The director appointed in July 1984, Meyer Brownstone, oversaw the next phase in the Centre’s evolution, a period in which existing research projects continued with the addition of several dealing with problems of urbanization in developing countries.

(Taken from http://www.urbancentre.utoronto.ca/about/aboutcucshistory.html)

University of Toronto. Cinema Studies Institute

  • Corporate body
  • 1975 - present

In 2005 Innis College marked the official 30th anniversary of Cinema Studies as a Bachelor of Arts undergraduate degree program. In those thirty years Cinema Studies has developed into a major area of academic research that has influenced scholarship in many related disciplines, including literature, art history, cultural studies, visual culture, critical studies of race, gender, and sexuality, and visual anthropology. Cinema Studies offers historical, theoretical, analytical, and cultural study of one of the defining media of the twentieth century.

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