Fonds 20 - Edwin John Pratt fonds

Identity area

Reference code

CA ON00399 20


Edwin John Pratt fonds


  • [1882?] - 2000 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1.75 m of textual records
114 photographs: b&w
17 photographs: col.
10 photographs: sepia
53 photographs: 35 mm b&w negatives
14 photographs: 4x5 inch b&w negatives
1 photograph: 12 x 9.5 cm b&w negative
6 photographs: 35 mm col. negatives
6 photographs: 35 mm col. slides
3 pencil drawings
4 ink drawings
6 printed drawings
1 painting
23 artifacts
21 reels of microfilm
3 sheets of microfiche
25 audio cassettes
28 audio reels
40 audio discs

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Edwin John Dove Pratt was an academic and a poet. He was born in Western Bay, Newfoundland, the son of Reverend John Pratt and Fanny Pitts Knight. He married Viola Leone Whitney on August 20, 1918 and they had a daughter, Mildred Claire, born on March 18, 1921. He died in Toronto, Ontario on April 26, 1964.

Pratt was educated at St. John’s Methodist College (1888–1901) with a three-year interruption. He received a B.A. in 1911 at Victoria College, University of Toronto, a M.A. at the University of Toronto, and a B.D. at Victoria University, both in 1913. He was ordained as a minister in 1913, and received a Ph.D. at the University of Toronto in 1917.

Pratt was an Assistant Minister at various churches in Streetsville, Ontario (1913–1920). He was Demonstrator-Lecturer in Psychology at the University of Toronto (1913–1920), joined the faculty of the Department of English at Victoria College in 1920, and was promoted to Professor (1930), Senior Professor (1938), and Professor Emeritus (1953). He was appointed Visiting Professor, summer sessions, at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Queen’s University in Kingston, and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. He served as Literary Adviser to the Editorial Board of Acta Victoriana and was the founder and first editor (1936–1943) of The Canadian Poetry Magazine.

Pratt was a member of the Royal Society of Canada, the Editorial Board of Saturday Night, the Canadian Authors’ Association, the Empire Club of Canada and the Arts and Letters Club. He received several awards, including a Governor General’s Award in 1937, 1940 and 1952, the Canada Council Award in 1957, the Civic Award of Merit from the City of Toronto in 1959, and the Canada Council Medal for distinction in literature in 1961. In 1946, he was made a Companion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George by King George VI.

Pratt’s publications include: Rachel: A Sea Story of Newfoundland in Verse (1917), Newfoundland Verse (1923), The Witches’ Brew (1926), Titans (1926), The Iron Door: An Ode (1927), The Roosevelt and the Antinoe (1930), Many Moods (1932), The Titanic (1935), The Fable of the Goats and Other Poems (1937), Brébeuf and His Brethren (1940), Dunkirk (1941), Still Life and Other Verse (1943), They are Returning (1945), Behind the Log (1947), Ten Selected Poems (1947), Towards the Last Spike (1952), and Here the Tide Flows (1962).

Archival history

E.J. Pratt’s records were acquired E.J. Pratt, Viola Whitney Pratt, Claire Pratt, the Provincial Archives of British Columbia, Margaret (Peggy) Brown, Concordia University, and from other unknown sources.

The Viola Leone Whitney Pratt fonds was originally a unique collection that was then transferred into the Edwin John Pratt fonds. In 2016, it was subsequently moved back into its own separate collection.

Some pamphlets were originally acquired separate of the E.J. Pratt fonds, but were transferred to the collection based on their relation to E.J. Pratt. They were also catalogued in the University of Toronto catalogue as part of the E.J. Pratt Special Collections, where this pamphlet collection is updated. In 2017, the entire pamphlet collection was transferred out of the archives and became part of E.J. Pratt Special Collections, forming the pamphlet collection. Series 7 of this fonds lists pamphlets collected and added to the E.J. Pratt fonds but are located in the Pamphlet Collection. For a complete list of pamphlets in, as well as access to, this collection, refer to the University of Toronto Catalogue for location information.

Since its acquisition by the archives, the E.J. Pratt fonds has been revised in 1981, 2006, and 2016. The current finding aid is the most recent revision of the collection.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

E.J. Pratt material acquired from E.J. Pratt in 1946–47; from Viola Pratt in 1964, 1967–68, 1978, 1980–82; from Claire Pratt in 1979; from the Provincial Archives of British Columbia in 1979; from Margaret (Peggy) Brown in 1980; from Concordia University in 1980; from an unknown source in 1988; and from various donors at unknown dates.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

The fonds consists of E.J. Pratt’s records pertaining to his activities as a teacher, minister and poet. It contains manuscripts and published works by E.J. Pratt, as well as notebooks, drafts of poems, lecture notes, letters, critical works and theses, photographs and memorabilia. The fonds is arranged in seven series; see finding aid for details.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


No further accruals are expected.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Some restrictions on access. See file lists for individual restrictions.

Conditions governing reproduction

Individual files are governed by terms of use and reproduction. Individual audio cassettes cannot be published without the permission of the speakers and of Ottawa University. See file list Series 6.

Part of the material (Box 1–10) is available on microfilm (in Box 30), which researchers are requested to use unless an enquiry can be satisfied only by consulting original documents. For further information contact the Chief Librarian. See also the file list.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

The material in Box 1–10 is available on microfilm (in Box 30).

Related units of description

The Mildred Claire Pratt fonds at the Victoria University Library contains documents of her parents, Edwin John Pratt and Viola Leone Whitney, which she inherited after their deaths.

The Viola Leone Whitney Pratt fonds at the Victoria University contains records related to E.J. Pratt's writings and personal life.

University of Calgary Library, Special Collections: Letter to Miss Urquhart (reference: ULM 199-26).

Biographical material relating to E.J. Pratt (correspondence, photocopied; article, reprinted; clippings) is held at Victoria University Archives.

"A Poet and a Legend" by Northrop Frye, Vic Report, 7.3 (1979): 6-7.

The Complete Poems and Letters of E.J. Pratt: A Hypertext Edition

"E.J. Pratt," Canadian Poetry Online

"E.J. Pratt," Literature Resource Center

"Poet E.J. Pratt on Turning 75," CBC Archives

Pitt, David G. E.J. Pratt: The Truant Years, 1882–1927. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.

Pitt, David G. E.J. Pratt: the Master Years, 1927–1964. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Notes area


The fonds is stored in 36 boxes.

Alternative identifier(s)

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Rules and/or conventions used


  • English



Accession area

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