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University of St. Michael's College, John M. Kelly Library, Special Collections Zola Research Programs fonds
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Zola Research Programs fonds

  • CA ON00389 F17
  • Fonds
  • 1873-2008

Fonds consists of documents relating to the Zola Research Program and the publication of the 10 volume "Émile Zola Correspondance" series, including project files, inventories, reference materials, photocopies of Émile Zola’s correspondence and other documents related to the project. The project files contained in this fonds document the development and activities of the Zola Research Program. Project files records include inventories of various letters, funding information, budgetary forms, donor agreements, publicity documents and summaries of the project written both by external entities (newspapers) and internal figures (members of the Program staff). Also included are supplementary documents that were collected to create a broader contextual framework. Each letter is be supported with annotations and background information on the correspondents, events or people discussed in the letters as well as the social and political state of France during the 19th century. While the collection of letters by Zola was the primary mandate of the project, along the way the Program collected a vast number of reference materials to broaden the perspective. This fonds contains the off-prints, various documents (both collected by Zola and collected by the Zola Research Program about various 19th century figures) and bibliographies. Books collected by the Program are now the basis of the Émile Zola Collection in the Rare Book Collection of Kelly Library.

The correspondence is composed mostly of photocopies of handwritten letters, post cards, cartes de visites, telegrams and typed transcriptions of letters. The correspondence is a mixture of professional and personal letters that discuss various matters from the publication of Zola’s main works to the birth of his children. It is clear from the various handwritings and documentation styles that multiple figures were involved in the processing of the letters. However, as a Research Associate and long-term member of the team, Dorothy Speirs was the primary figure creating, processing and cross-referencing the letters. This can be seen through the presence of her initials on most of the documents. Additionally, as Project Archivist Hélène Issayevitch organized the letters and maintained the record-keeping practices throughout. It is important to note that after the dissolution of the Zola Research Program in 1995, Speirs continued collecting reference materials and adding them to the collection. As a result, there are a number of documents contained within that extend outside the dates of the Program. The result of this continued research is an additional publication completed in 2008, in association with Owen Morgan.

This collection remains the largest repository of Émile Zola’s letters available in North America. In recent years, the descendants of Zola have divided the estate, including the letters, resulting in a dispersal of the documents. This collection represents the largest single collection of Zola’s letters that is accessible and open to the public. Additionally, this fonds contains a fountain of information on key figures in the Naturalist Movement of the 19th century, as well as other well-known artists, scholars, intellectuals and political and social figures, including J.K. Huysmans, Edmond de Goncourt, Gustave Flaubert, Édouard Manet, Alfred Bruneau, Paul Alexis, Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, and Guy de Maupassant - all of which can be found either through personal discussions in the letters or supplementary documentation. The hidden value in this fonds lies in the plethora of reference resources that are available. The fonds also houses a vast number of off-prints that explore various aspects of Zola’s life as well as the broader Naturalist community of the 19th century. Some other significant pieces include original 19th century illustrated theatrical pamphlets from the Théâtre Libre, various original newspaper clippings and original letters by Émile Zola, Alexandrine Zola, Paul Alexis and Jules Claretie.

Fonds is arranged into 6 series:

1) Project Files series: consists of a variety of records that document the development of the project over the years, including funding information, publicity and marketing documents, donor agreements, budgetary forms and some correspondence amongst various scholars.

2) Letters by Zola series: consists of photocopies of letters written by Zola between 1856 and 1902. This series also contains an original letter by Émile Zola, dated June 22, 1890 (File #107).

3) Letters to Zola series: contains photocopies of letters written to Zola between 1858 and 1902. This series also contains an original letter by Alexandrine Zola to Émile Zola, dated May 27, 1890 (File #248).

4) Letters by Contemporaries series: consists of photocopies of letters sent between Zola’s family and contemporaries. This series contains an original letter from Paul Alexis to Léon Hennique, dated September 19, 1887 (File #420).

5) Collected and Reference Material series: contains photocopies of documents about the project and the various correspondents in the fonds (documents written by or about Émile Zola, documents about his family and correspondents, off-prints of works written about Émile Zola and naturalism, project inventories of letters and bibliographies). Series contains a variety of original documents including newspapers and theatrical pamphlets.

6) Alphabetical Index Forms series: consists of biographical and contextual information on correspondents of Émile Zola, figures mentioned in the letters, or the main journals for which he wrote.

Zola Research Program

Files: 261-267

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
handwritten and typed transcriptions of letters sent to Zola between January and December of 1894.
Recurring correspondents include Ernest Vizetelly, Henry & Co. and Antoine Guillemet. File #264 contains a
Zola Research Program fonds
vast number of cartes de visites, most of which contain expressions of gratitude to Zola for the release of
Lourdes and his generosity in sending copies of the book to his friends, associates and acquaintances.

Files: 1158-1226

These files consist of off-prints, newspaper and academic articles, and chapters from books that pertain to
Émile Zola and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Rigaud to Salvan. The dates of the works
published in these files range from 1886 to 1998. Recurring authors include Guy Robert, Edouard Rod, Sergio
Sacchi, Murry Sachs and A.J. Salvan.

Files: 111-118

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten correspondence (letters, postcards, cartes de visites and
telegrams) as well as typed/handwritten sent by Émile Zola between January of 1891 and September of 1892.
Recurring correspondents include Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Jacques van Santen Kolff, Numa Coste,
Edmond de Goncourt, Gabriel Thyébaut and Alfred Bruneau. The letters pertain to both personal and
professional matters. Works discussed in these files include La Bête humaine, L’Argent and La Débâcle. This
period also includes the birth of Zola’s son, Jacques, as can be seen in Zola’s letter to Henry Céard explaining
that he would be away during Jacque’s birth and thus requests that Céard be present at his birth, name his son
and then place an ad in the newspaper to update Zola (letter dated September 8, 1891, in File #113). As well,
Zola’s language with various doctors and Céard implies a need for discretion and secrecy up until 1891, when
Alexandrine Zola finds out about Jeanne Rozerot and the children (as seen in letters to Céard and Jeanne
Rozerot, dated 10 November, 1891, in File #114).

Files: 406-412

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letter, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings sent to Émile Zola in April of 1898 through to December of 1899.
The period largely consists of Zola’s exile to England and his subsequent return to France in 1899. These files
were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and August of 1991.

Files: 255-260

These files consist of various correspondence sent to Émile Zola throughout January of 1892 to December of
1893, including photocopies of handwritten letters, postcards, cartes de visites as well as handwritten and
typed transcriptions of letters. Most of the letters discuss business deals (publications and translations) of La
Débâcle, Le Docteur Pascal and Lourdes. Recurring correspondents throughout these files include Ernest Vizetelly,
Antoine Guillemet, Gabriel Thyébaut, the family Charpentier (Georges, Paul and Georgette) and Eugène
Fasquelle. There are a number of letters from Ernest Vizetelly within these files that discuss various business
matters including arranging a dinner in 1893 between Zola and other English authors, translations of books
into English and a biography being written about Zola by R.H. Sherard

Files: 401-405

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letter, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings sent to Émile Zola between February 8 and March 31, 1898. This
period spans the trial of Zola as well as the interim period after his conviction, but before his exile. These files
were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and August of 1991.

Files: 1082-1139

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Pia to Rienzo. The dates of publication for material in
these files range from 1868 to 1991. Recurring scholars include V.S. Pritchett, Madeleine Reberioux and
Theodore Reff. These files also contain three original documents: an article written by Gaston Picard,
published in 1927 (in File #1085); one La Presse newspaper clipping, published in 1897 (in File #1102); and
one Revue de l’art Pour Tous newspaper clipping, published in 1904 (in File #1144).

Files: 98-110

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten correspondence (letters, postcards, cartes de visites and
telegrams) as well as typed/handwritten transcriptions of letters sent by Émile Zola between July of 1888 and
December of 1890. Recurring correspondents include Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Jacques van Santen
Kolff, Numa Coste, Edmond de Goncourt, Gabriel Thyébaut and Alfred Bruneau. The letters pertain to both
personal and professional matters. Works discussed in these files include Le Rêve and La Bête humaine. This
period also spans the birth of Zola’s daughter, Denise, as can be seen in Zola’s letters to Henry Céard and Dr.
Delineau, requesting both their discretion during Denise’s birth as well as their signatures on her birth
certificate afterwards (letters dated September 22, 1889, in File #103). File #107 consists of an original letter
by Émile Zola, dated June 22, 1890; it has been encased in glass and is accompanied by a photocopy of the
letter (in Italian) that prompted the response. This letter was originally filed in the Documents by Zola subseries
(previously in Box 56), however it was moved as it was seen to be better suited in this series.

Files: 90-97

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten correspondence (letters, postcards, cartes de visites and
telegrams) as well as typed/handwritten transcriptions of letters sent by Émile Zola between January of 1887
and June of 1888. Recurring correspondents include Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Jacques van Santen Kolff,
Numa Coste, Edmond de Goncourt, Gabriel Thyébaut and Alfred Bruneau. The letters pertain to both
personal and professional matters, or sometimes both, as seen in the case where Zola sent most of his close
friends (The Charpentiers, Céard, Hennique, Guillemot, de Goncourt, etc.) a letter indicating his displeasure
with the Théâtre du Châtelet because they were playing an unauthorized version of Germinal. Zola refused to
attend himself and encouraged his friends to also boycott the show (letters dated April 21, 1888, in File #97).
Other works discussed in these files include La Terre and Le Rêve.

Files: 250-254

These files consist of photocopies of correspondence written to Émile Zola between January and December
of 1891. The contents are largely composed of photocopies of handwritten letters, cartes de visites, telegrams
and some typed transcriptions of letters. Recurring correspondents in these files include Gabriel Thyébaut,
Eugène Fasquelle, Ernest Vizetelly, Numa Coste, and Antoine Guillemet. Much of the content is congratulations to Zola for his election as President of the Société des gens de lettres as well as his
commissioning of the Statue of Balzac. In some situations, it appears that Zola has written when he responded
to certain letters on the top of the correspondence (see letter from an editor in Prague, dated May 19, 1891, in
File #252 – they are not signed, but the handwriting resembles Zola’s). File #254 contains a variety of undated
correspondence (organized alphabetically) that is presumed to be from 1891, and is accompanied by an
incomplete inventory of some of the letters. Included in this file is a series of undated cartes de visites from
Antoine Guillemet.

Files: 395-400

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings spanning the early months of Émile Zola’s participation in the
Dreyfus Affair (beginning in January 1897 through to February 7, 1898), including the period in which J’Accuse
was published. These files were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and
August of 1991.

Files: 1007-1081

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints, and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Pagès to Peyrot. The dates of publication for material in
these files range from 1858 to 2001. Recurring scholars in these files include Alain Pagès, Allan Pasco, and
Sandy Petrey

Files: 943-1006

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints and chapters from books that focus on either Émile
Zola or Naturalism written by authors with the surname Niederstenbruch to Page. The dates of publication
for material in these files range from 1898 to 1994. Recurring scholars include Robert J. Niess and Kazuo
Ozaki. There are articles written in French, English, Italian, Japanese and Russian in these files.

Files: 391-394

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between July of 1898 and September of 1902. The contents of these files are primarily
concerned with providing support to Zola while he is in exile as well as celebrating the reopening of the case in
June 1899 and Zola’s subsequent return to France.

Files: 80-89

These files consist of photocopies of letters, postcards and cartes de visites and typed/handwritten
transcriptions of correspondence sent by Émile Zola between January of 1885 and December of 1886.
Recurring correspondents include Antoine Guillemet, Alphonse Daudet, Ernst Kiegler, Henry Céard,
Edmond de Goncourt, Georges Charpentier, Jacques van Santen Kolff and various family members (Amélie
Laborde, Lina Laborde, etc.). The contents of the box are both personal and professional in nature as can be
seen through the various social gatherings mentioned in the letters, as well as professional discussion of the
publication and translation of the following works: La Joie de Vivre, Germinal, L'Œuvre and early talks about La
Terre.

Files: 244-249

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and some typed
transcriptions of letters sent to Émile Zola between August of 1888 and December of 1890. Georges
Charpentier, Gabriel Thyébaut and Eugène Fasquelle are some of the recurring correspondents in these files.
File #246 includes an invitation sent to Zola in preparation of the birth of Fasquelle’s daughter, followed by a
letter the next day informing Zola of her birth (letters dated respectively November 10 and November 11,
1889). Most of the contents of these files are professional correspondence and fan mail regarding Zola’s
novels Le Rêve, La Bête humaine and L’Argent (pre-published interest). In particular, there is an ongoing
conversation of letters from Eliza E. Chase regarding the rights to the English translation of Le Rêve - these
letters follow the progression from the early stages of discussion through the negotiation and the eventual
agreement (this conversation encompasses both this box and the previous box). There is also an original letter
from Alexandrine Zola to Émile Zola, dated May 27, 1890 (in File #248).

Files: 70-79

These files consist of photocopies of letters, postcards and cartes de visites and typed/handwritten
transcriptions of correspondence sent by Émile Zola between January of 1883 and December of 1884.
Recurring correspondents include Antoine Guillemet, Alphonse Daudet, Ernst Kiegler, Henry Céard,
Edmond de Goncourt, Georges Charpentier, Jacques van Santen Kolff and various family members (Amélie
Laborde, Lina Laborde, etc.). The contents of the box are both personal and professional in nature; there is
repeated discussion of lunches and dinners at the various houses of friends, as well as discussion of the
publication and translation of the following works: Pot-Bouille, Au Bonheur des Dames and La Joie de Vivre.

Files: 388-390

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between March and June of 1898. The contents of these files are primarily concerned with
the outcome of the trial of Zola as well as the beginning discussion of Zola’s exile, with correspondents
expressing support or criticism for Zola’s involvement in the Affair

Files: 237-243

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters, cartes de visites, postcards, and some transcriptions
of letters sent to Zola between February of 1887 and July of 1888. There is a clear increase in both the number
of letters sent to Zola in these files, as well as his popularity (particularly in 1887). The files within are divided
into 2-3 month section. The early files are comprised of mostly short notes and cartes de visites, with quite a
few on letterheads from the journal Le Figaro and from the Théâtre de Paris. The later files contain mostly
lengthier letters from friends (recurring correspondents include Marius Roux, Jacques van Santen Kolff, Numa
Coste, Henry Céard and Georges Charpentier) as well as supporters and critics. The increase in the amount of
letters sent to Zola in 1887 could perhaps be attributed both to his increase in popularity (some of his most
ground-breaking books had recently been published), as well as a very critical article published in Le Figaro which targeted both Zola and his most recent novel La Terre. Additionally these files include personal
correspondence and professional papers that discuss the publication of the novel Le Rêve in the journal La
Revue Illustrée.

Files: 874-942

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters of books that pertain to Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with the surnames Nelson to Newton. The dates of publication range
from 1951 to 2004. Joy Newton dominates these files with over 60 articles, however other recurring authors
include Brian Nelson and William Newton.

Files: 55-69

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters as well as handwritten and typed transcriptions of
letters sent by Émile Zola to various correspondents between January of 1880 and December of 1882.
Recurring correspondents include Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Gustave Flaubert, Ivan Tourgueniev,
Philippe Solari and Numa Coste. Included in these files are discussions of Zola’s works Nana and Pot-Bouille.
As well, the letters discuss the death of both Gustave Flaubert (as seen in a letter to Céard, dated May 9, 1880,
in File #56) and Émilie Zola, Émile Zola’s mother (as seen in a letter to Zola’s uncle, Jules Aubert, dated
October 18, 1880, in File #58).

Files: 483-496

These files consist of photocopies of letters written amongst Zola’s immediate family: Alexandrine Zola,
Jeanne Rozerot, Denise Émile-Zola (previously Rozerot), Jacques Émile-Zola (previously Rozerot) and
eventually Denise’s husband Maurice Le Blond and Jacques’ wife Marguerite Émile-Zola. The files within are
arranged chronologically, starting in 1906 and continuing through to 1924, including undated letters. There is
no clear indication as to why these letters have been compiled and preserved, as they could not have provided
context for the annotations in the published volumes (as they were all written after Zola’s death); however, it is
possible that these letters were collected to document the lives of Zola’s children, who would eventually have a
great impact on the development of the project because the children of Denise and Jacques provided the
primary and foremost source of letters.

Files: 384-387

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between February 19 and 28, 1898. The contents of these files are primarily concerned with
the trial of Émile Zola, with correspondents expressing support or criticism for Zola’s involvement in the
Affair and the conviction outcome of the trial.

Files: 1905-2023

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Nadar to Zola. Key
correspondents in these files include Nadar, Auguste Rodin, Marius Roux, the Solari family, Gabriel Thyébaut,
Gustave Toudouze, Antony Valabrègue, Alexandrine Zola, and Zola’s mother and father (François and Émilie
Zola).

Files: 802-873

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with the surname Mitterand to Nardi. The dates of publication range
from [1894] to 2001. Recurring authors include Henri Mitterand and Owen Morgan.

Files: 229-236

These files consist of photocopies of letters, cartes de visites telegrams and postcards written to Zola between
January of 1883 and January of 1887. Recurring correspondents include Georges Charpentier, Antoine
Guillemet, Numa Coste and the Manets. The early contents of the letters discuss Zola’s political and
philosophical battle concerning his naturalist literary style. There are multiple letters within these files that
indicate that Zola was considering multiple English journals when releasing the serial version of Germinal;
within these letters, we can see evidence of the concern on the part of the English for the moral and ethical
contents of Zola’s novels (see letter from Tilloston & Son, dated October 9, 1884, in File #232). Other works
mentioned in the letters include La Terre, L’Œuvre and L’Assommoir. File #235 contains the last letter between
Paul Cézanne and Zola in this collection (marking the end of their friendship) following the publication of
L’Œuvre, a work that was interpreted to be based upon the unsuccessful career of Cézanne (letter is dated
April 4, 1886).

Files: 45-54

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters as well as handwritten and typed transcriptions of
letters sent by Émile Zola to various correspondents between January of 1878 and December of 1879.
Recurring correspondents include Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Gustave Flaubert, Ivan Tourgueniev,
Philippe Solari and Numa Coste. The contents of the letters are both personal and professional. Contained
with these files are discussions of Zola’s works including L’Attaque du Moulin, Une Page d’amour and early
discussions on Nana.

Files: 473-482

These files consist of photocopies of letters written by and amongst Zola’s family and friends, starting with
letters written by Alexandrine to Eugène Fasquelle through to Zola’s mother Émilie Zola and finishing with
letters written to and from Zola’s wife, mistress and children between 1903 and 1905. File #474 contains
letters sent to Alexandrine Zola by Eugène Fasquelle. The dates of letters in these files range from 1841 to

  1. The letters sent to and from Zola’s family are arranged chronologically.

Files: 581-601

These files consist of photocopies of documents pertaining to Émile Zola’s personal and professional life.
There are six broad categories in these files:

  1. Obituaries: This file (#581) contains various death notices and announcements for Zola, including 16
    original newspaper clippings with dates ranging from 1902-1904. This file also contains some
    documents regarding anniversaries of Zola’s life and death.
  2. Theatre: These files (#582-590) consist of documents relating to theatre productions of Zola’s novels,
    with particular focus on L’Assommoir, Germinal, Les Mystères de Marseille, Nana, Renée and Thérèse Raquin.
    The file on Théâtre Libre contains 5 original pamphlets and 2 booklets about Zola’s theatrical
    productions, dating from 1888-1904.
  3. Zola Today: These files (#591-592) contain photocopies of newspaper clippings and articles that
    document current tensions and issues arising around Zola, with particular focus on the sale of the
    J’Accuse manuscript in 1987.
  4. Zola and the Dreyfus Affair: These files (#593-594) consists of photocopies of handwritten and
    newspaper articles that explore Zola’s participation in the Dreyfus Affair from a non-French
    perspective (many English articles, as well as articles exploring the responses of various other countries
    • Germany and Russia, to name a couple). As well there is a catalog from the Beitler Family
      Foundation that held an exposition for the 100th anniversary of Zola’s involvement in the Affair.
  5. Zola and England: These files (#595-600) contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, articles and
    documents mostly pertaining to the development of the Émile Zola Society in 1990, as well as
    photocopies of handwritten documents donated to the Society by J.C. Burr and Chantal Morel. These
    files also contain photographs documenting the tracking of Zola’s experience in England by the Émile
    Zola Society and Zola’s descendants.
  6. Zola and La Société des gens de lettres: This file (#600) contains a listing of days upon which Zola
    attended meetings between 1891 and 1897.
    Similar to the other boxes in this sub-series, these documents were likely collected to provide context and
    material for the annotations of the published letters. This box in particular also represents some research into
    Zola’s influence in the modern world, the world in which the Zola Research Program was participating and
    adding research and knowledge.

Files: 743-801

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters from books that relate to Émile Zola or
Naturalism written by authors with the surnames Iwabuchi to Mitterand. The dates of publication range from
1897 to 2001. Recurring scholars include Gian-Carlo Menichelli, Elise Michel and Henri Mitterand. There are
also multiple booklets written in Japanese in these files.

Files: 223-228

Files consist of photocopies handwritten letters, telegrams and cartes de visites written to Zola between the
years of January of 1880 and December of 1882. These letters are comprised of both personal correspondence
(letters from Zola’s godson, Paul Charpentier) and professional correspondence (people requesting
authorization to write various translations of Zola’s works). It is interesting to follow the progression of some
of Zola’s works throughout the time period in these letters (for example, Céard writing to Zola on January 13,
1880 about the editing on an upcoming compilation book titled Les Soirées à Médan between Zola, Henry
Céard, Léon Hennique, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Paul Alexis and Guy de Maupassant and then the incoming
letters from fans once the book is released in April of 1880). These files contain numerous fan mail letters
regarding various articles written in journals and books published during this period (including Pot-Bouille), as
well as requests from editors to write in their journals.

Files: 378-383

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between February 4 and 18, 1898. The contents of these files are primarily concerned with
the trial of Émile Zola (particularly between February 7 and 18), with correspondents expressing support or
criticism for Zola’s involvement in the Affair

Files: 1802-1904

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Henriques to Murger. Key
correspondents in these files include Joris-Karl Huysmans, the Laborde family (Amélie, Albert, Elina),
Édouard Manet, Louis Margery, Guy de Maupassant and Octave Mirbeau.

Files: 363-367

These files consist of typed and handwritten transcriptions of letters, photocopies of handwritten letters, cartes
de visites and photocopies of some published items (from catalogs like Lettres & Manuscrits Autographes and
Hôtel Drouot) sent to Émile Zola, with dates spanning the 1860s through to 1902. The files within are
organized alphabetically, with recurring correspondents possessing their own files. The original box label
stated that these letters were obtained from “Other Collections,” which refers to smaller collections like
Collection Mitterand and Collection Labodens, as well as from catalogs.

Files 5-18

These files consist of records created and maintained by the Zola Research Program staff throughout the life of the project. Types of records found in these files include publicity and marketing documents (including some newspaper articles), various summaries of the project, funding and budgeting documents, salary, benefits and stipend forms, mail order lists, book orders for the Joseph Sablé Centre for 19th century French Studies (post-project) and graduate student profiles.

Files: 448-472

These files consist of photocopies of letters written by and amongst Zola’s contemporaries with the surnames
M through to Alexandrine Zola’s letters to Doctor Larat. The files within have been arranged alphabetically by
author, with recurring correspondents possessing their own distinct files. Letters sent by Alexandrine Zola to
various correspondents dominate these files, with particular emphasis on letters to the Laborde family (Amélie,
Albert and Elina). The dates range from 1871 to 1922. File #460 contains nine original cartes de visites from
Alexandrine Zola to various correspondents, dated from 1903.

Files: 1684-1801

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Colet to Hennique. Key
correspondents in these files include Numa Coste, Fernand Desmoulin, Louis Desprez, Edmond Duranty,
Gustave Flaubert, Edmond de Goncourt, Antoine Guillemet and Léon Hennique.

Files: 698-742

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, newspaper and academic articles and chapters from books
that discuss Émile Zola and/or Naturalism that have been written by authors with the surnames Bedo to
Hemmings. The dates of publication in these files range from 1900 to 1994. Key scholars in these files include
Saint-Georges de Bouhélier and Pedro Calheiros. These files include a number of original documents by SaintGeorges
de Bouhélier, with dates ranging from 1908-1938 (in Files #713-717, #719) and three newspapers:
Comœdia (dated 1908, in File #728), Le Figaro (dated 1927, in File #736) and La Feuille Litteraire (dated 1913, in
File #737).

Files: 629-644

These files consist of articles and research materials compiled and written about the correspondents from the
Letters by Contemporaries series. Types of documents found in these files include various certificates
(including, marriage, death, professional/honorary), photographs, booklets or journal articles written about the
figure, as well as examples of their own work (poems, newspaper articles, etc). Key correspondents in these
files include Henry Céard, Alphonse Daudet, Louis Desprez, Paul Alexis and Alfred Bruneau. There are also
files on various other events including the commission of the Statue of Balzac and diverse matters. There are a
number of original pieces in these files including a program celebrating Henry Becque (dated May 31, 1904, in
File #640), an albumen print (dated 1898, in File #641), and a pamphlet discussing loans of the Government
of Egypt (dated 1873, in File #644)

Files: 1570-1577

These files consist of a bibliography of works written by Zola, including compilations of his works as well as
translations and updated editions. It is unclear when the document was compiled, however dates of
publication of items included on the list indicate that compilation occurred after the dissolution of the Zola
Research Program. Dorothy Speirs continued adding reference materials to the collection, and it is likely that
this bibliography was included in this process. Pages 187-222 are missing from the document, resulting in
works starting with “A” missing.
The document has been arranged into 8 separate sections, listed below:
1) Oeuvres completes
2) Collected editions of the novels
3) Individual works by title
4) Electronic publications
5) Selected works
6) Correspondence
7) Divers
8) Prefaces

Files: 510-537

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten manuscripts, published material and typed transcriptions of
manuscripts and other documents pertaining to Zola’s works written between 1866 and 1952. The files within
have been arranged alphabetically by title of works, starting with Angeline and finishing with Vérité. These files
document some of Zola’s thought process and brainstorming when writing his books and short stories.
Germinal and Une Page d’amour contain extensive (though not complete) photocopies of manuscripts written in
Zola’s hand.

Files: 30-44

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten letters and typed/handwritten transcriptions of letters
written by Émile Zola between January of 1871 and December of 1877. The letters contained within are both
personal and professional: Zola writes to childhood friends (Marius Roux, Paul Cézanne and Jean-Baptistin
Baille) regarding his career and life in Paris. Additionally, there are various letters sent to friends, editors and
reviewers regarding the first few novels in the Rougon-Macquart series including La Fortune des Rougon, La
Curée, Le Ventre de Paris and L’Assommoir. Recurring correspondents include Georges Charpentier, Philippe
Solari, Paul Cézanne, Edmond de Goncourt, Géry Legrand, Marius Roux and Antony Valabrègue.

Files: 564-580

These files consist of a variety of documents that pertain to Émile Zola’s life and work. There are four broad
categories in these files:

  1. Miscellaneous: This file (#564) consists of a variety of documents that Zola signed or participated in
    that do not fit with the other categories. Types of documents include Marius Roux’s marriage
    certificate and the birth certificate of his daughter, as well as a photocopy of a document with
    responses from various men to Georges Charpentier regarding dinner at Zola’s (dated June 21, 1893).
  2. Homes: This file (#565) consists of various documents that pertain to Zola’s houses including a
    newspaper from 1995 discussing the sale of Zola’s Medan house to the Émile-Zola Museum, as well as
    a catalogue from the sale of Alexandrine Zola’s furniture after her death in 1925.
  3. Iconography: These files (#566-577) consist of photographs and illustrations on a variety of topics
    including the Dreyfus Affair, pamphlets documenting Zola’s photography hobby, and portraits of
    Zola and his family. Although most of these are photocopies, there are some photographs tracking
    Zola’s vacations/life in England taken during the 1970s, photographs taken in 2000 following one of
    Zola's vacations in the south of France (accompanied by the original Fujifilm roll), as well as an
    original colour newspaper from 1882 (in File #573). There are also 4 negatives of photographs of Zola
    (in File #575).
  4. Inventories: These files (#578-580) consist of an inventory of books dedicated to Émile Zola between
    1897 and 1901.
    Similar to the other boxes in this sub-series, these documents were likely collected to provide context and
    material for the annotations of the published letters.

Files: 213-222

These files consist of photocopies of letters sent to Zola between January of 1871 and December of 1879.
These files are primarily composed of photocopies of handwritten letters, although there are a few typed
transcriptions of the letters as well. These files follow the increased popularity and success of Zola’s writing
with the release of L’Assommoir and the creation of a theatre production of Thérèse Raquin, which is likewise
reflected in the increase of fan mail in the later years. The contents of letters between Numa Coste, Louis
Marguery and Georges Charpentier (Zola’s editor) indicate that Zola is becoming increasingly involved in the
social world of literary authors (with names like Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, Guy de Maupassant, Joris-Karl
Huysmans and Louis Edmond Duranty appearing in the contents of the correspondence). Similarly, there is a
clear globalization of Zola’s works as Zola receives correspondence from the United States (discussing
translations) and Georges Charpentier discusses potential German translations.

Files: 373-377

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between January 17 and February 3, 1898. Most of the letters in these files discuss Zola’s
letter J’Accuse and indicate either support or criticism for his political alignments. Included in these files are multiples Letters of Contemporaries addressed to Alexandrine Zola, but they are likely included because they
discuss either the state of France during the Dreyfus Affair or Émile Zola’s involvement.

Files: 193-205

These files consist of photocopies of correspondence written by Émile Zola between 1858 and 1902. These
files are photocopies of letters published in 2010 through the University of Montreal Press by Dorothy Speirs
and Owen Morgan. This publication was not within the scope of the original Zola Research Program project,
but it is titled as the eleventh book in the Émile Zola Correspondance series. For the most part, the
correspondence is composed of typed transcriptions of the letters, some of which are accompanied by
photocopies of the handwritten version. Some of the source information has likewise been documented, either
through annotation at the bottom of the transcription or by stapling a copy of the catalog to the transcription.
Each year is accompanied by a typed inventory – although this inventory does not correspond directly with the
letters in the file (sometimes there are letters listed in the inventory but not included in the file). Markings on
the transcriptions indicate that Speirs and Morgan were attempting to remove any letters that had already been
published in the Emile Zola Correspondance series (as seen on a letter that has been crossed out with the markings
"tome VIII, lettre 180"), implying that the letters in these files cannot be found anywhere else in this fonds.

Files: 330-362

These files consist of typed and handwritten transcriptions of letters, photocopies of handwritten letters, cartes
de visites and photocopies of some published items (from catalogs like Lettres & Manuscrits Autographes and
Hôtel Drouot) sent to Émile Zola, with dates spanning the 1860s through to 1902. The files within are
organized alphabetically, with recurring correspondents possessing their own files. The original box label
stated that these letters were obtained from “Other Collections,” which refers to smaller collections like
Collection Mitterand and Collection Labodens, as well as from catalogs.

Files: 319-329

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, cartes de visites, telegrams, handwritten
and typed transcriptions of letters and photocopies of postcards sent to Émile Zola from March of 1902 until
his death in September of 1902. The earlier files consist of correspondence sent to Zola concerning business
matters around the publication and translation of Vérité, as well as multiple requests for advice or critique on
works sent to Zola from various aspiring authors. File #321 consists of correspondence sent to Alexandrine
Zola about Émile Zola written after 1902 by various correspondents expressing their condolences on Zola’s
death, discussing business matters (with Ernest Vizetelly mostly), expressing congratulations for Alfred
Dreyfus’ exoneration in 1906, and discussing the transfer of Zola’s ashes to the Panthéon in 1908. A number
of these files are comprised of letters that are undated and thus organized alphabetically, as well as unsigned or
illegibly signed. Most of these undated correspondences have been included here because the letters
themselves were undated, they are missing the first page or they are cartes de visites (which are often not
precisely dated).

Files: 179-192

These files consist of a variety of photocopies of letters written by Zola, as well as published catalogs
advertising letters written by Zola, with dates from 1843 through to 1902. The first half of the files contain
letters that were obtained from smaller collections (outside of the big collections such as Le Blond-Zola or
Bibliothèque Nationale), and have not consistently been filed with the general files in this series. Most of the
files in this half are accompanied by a typed inventory at the front of the file. Some of the main
correspondents in these files include Henry Céard, Ely Halpérine-Kaminsky, Ernest Vizetelly, the Laborde
family and Jacques van Santen Kolff. The second half of these files contain typed transcriptions of letters,
photocopies of handwritten letters and catalogs advertising letters that were either obtained from the Pierpont
Morgan Library or were included in the Supplement volume of the Émile Zola Correspondance series. These
letters have also not been consistently filed within the general files of the series.

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