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Samuel James Velupillai (S. J. V.) Chelvanayakam fonds
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Samuel James Velupillai (S. J. V.) Chelvanayakam fonds

  • UTSC 014
  • Fonds
  • n.d., 1921, 1929-1930, 1933-1937, 1939-1940, 1944-1988

The fonds reflects Chelvanayakam’s career as a political leader of the Sri Lankan Tamil community, as well as documenting the daily operations of the Federal Party.

The fonds documents important political events in Sri Lanka from the 1950s to the 1970s and provides witness to the struggles faced by Sri Lankan Tamils.

The fonds also contains records relating to his family, background, and memorial material collected after his death by his wife, Emily Grace Chelvanayakam. The fonds is organized into three series and covers the periods of 1933-1937, 1939-1940, 1944-1988, with the bulk of the material being from the 1960s and 1970s.

Personal records include correspondence, personal items, financial and estate documentation, and other material. Professional records include office files, party records, correspondence, and documentation. Memorial material includes posters, newspaper clippings, and a book of condolences. The fonds is organized as follows:

  1. Personal material
    1.1. S. J. V. Chelvanayakam personal correspondence
    1.2. S. J. V. and Emily Grace Chelvanayakam correspondence
    1.3. Emily Grace Chelvanayakam correspondence
    1.4. Personal items
    1.5. Miscellaneous correspondence
    1.6. Miscellaneous family material
    1.7. Financial documents
  2. Professional material
    2.1. Professional files
    2.2. Professional correspondence
    2.3. Documentation
    2.4. Printed materials
    2.5. Ceylon Newspaper Limited/ The Sutantiran
    2.6. ITAK files
  3. Memorial material

Chelvanayakam, Samuel James Velupillai

Ceylon Newspaper Limited/ The Sutantiran

Ceylon Newspapers Ltd. was registered as a company in 1946, with Chelvanayakam being one of the directors. From 1947 to 1983 it published the Tamil paper The Sutantiran. There was a brief pause from 2 June 1958 to 20 October 1958 when the Government closed the press under emergency powers.

Subseries contains account statements, memos, reports, and correspondence regarding the newspaper.

Kannaki Library to the Minister of Health

File contains a letter written by the Kannaki Library to the Minister of Health regarding the need of a hospital in proximity to the fishing communities  of the coastal areas between Valvettithurai and Kayts. It outlines the hardship the fishermen encounter in order to access and seek health care services and thus suggests integration of chest and general diseases. The letter also provides a detailed account of the village Myliddy and about the fishermen, their way of living, and the importance of having a hospital in proximity to where they live and work.

Professional correspondence

Subseries contains correspondence in the following order: early professional correspondence predominantly from the late 1940s and 1950s; correspondence to Chelvanayakam; correspondence from Chelvanayakam; and miscellaneous correspondence to/from individuals other than Chelvanayakam.

Early professional correspondence (1940s-1950s) has been arranged chronologically since this covers a time when many party members were under house arrest resulting in increased written correspondence, and since documentation from this time period is sparse. All other correspondence is alphabetical.

Professional correspondence was found in miscellaneous boxes and has been arranged alphabetically by correspondent by the archivist. This correspondence was found separate from the professional files although subject-wise they can overlap.

[General Election -1965]

File contains records regarding the 1965 general election. Includes letters, telegrams, handwritten applications, expenses/ accounts, and newspaper clippings related to ITAK's election preparations, campaign, candidacy nomination requests, and election funds collection. Also includes lists of candidates and The Ceylon Daily News 1960 election line-up.

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