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Nathanael Burwash fonds
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Notebook of Sermons.

"Blessed are the dead" ; "Resist the devil and he will..." ; "Ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear" ; "Judgement also will I lay" ; "The light of the body is..." ; "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God" ; "For this cause I bow my knees" ; "Ye that make mention of the Lord" ; "For we are made partakers of Christ ... " ; "Remember now thy Creator" ; "Ye have not received the spirit of bondage" ; "Wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times" ; "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart" ; "Judgement also will I lay" ; "But thou when thou prayest" ; "Unto him be glory in the Church" ; "God cannot be tempted with evil" ; "Therefore being justified by faith" ; "Every branch in me that beareth" ; "Behold the Lamb of God" ; "And the Lord will create" ; "Preach the Gospel" ; "Search the scriptures for in them..." ; "For our gospel came not" ; "And the Word was made flesh" ; "Let a man examine himself" ; "Behold the Lamb of God" ; "Except a man be born again" ; " Let us go on to perfection" ; "He that walketh with the wise" ; "Though ye have been among" ; "Therefore being justified by faith" ; "And the Word was made flesh" ; "For what is a man profited" ; "Preach the Gospel to every creature" ; "Who gave himself for us" ; "The gospel of the uncircumcision" ; "The gospel of the Uncircumcision" ; "I have not found thy works" ; "He shall not fail" ; "This know also that in the last days perilous times shall..." ; "For ye have not received the spirit of bondage" ; "For the law of the spirit of life" ; "For the wrath of God is revealed" ; "And he gave some apostles" ; "Therefore as by the offence of one" ; "In every nation God left not" ; "All - scripture is given by inspiration of God"


"Sketches of Sermons." ; "To preach deliverance to the captives" ; "Ye were sealed with that Holy Spirit of promise" ; "What is truth?" ; "For the promise is given unto you and to your children" ; "For God so loved the world" ; "All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth" ; "Wilt thou not revive us again that thy people may rejoice in thee" ; "If we confess our sins He is faithful and just" ; "For we are his workmanship created anew in Christ Jesus" ; "I am not ashamed of the Gospel" ; "The Lord is not slack" ; "Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God" ; "Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years" ; "Now faith is the substance of things hoped" ; "Thy sins are forgiven" ; "Behold now is the accepted time" ; "Watchnight 1865" ; "And whosoever was not found written in the book of life" ; "Search the Scriptures" ; "A little one shall become a thousand" ; "That they all may be one" ; "The spirit itself beareth witness" ; "Holiness becometh thine house O Lord" ; "Pure religion" ; "If we confess our sins he is faithful and just" ; "Holiness becometh thine house O Lord" ; "A reason of the hope that is in you" ; "Let us lay aside every weight" ; "Him that cometh unto me" ; "Who being in the form of God" ; "Despisest thou the riches" ; "For where two or three are gathered together" ; "Their conscience also bearing witness" ; "But a certain Samaritan..." ; "These were more noble than they of Thëssilonica" ; "There conscience bearing witness" ; "And Enoch walked with God"; "Who can understand his errors"; "Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way" ; "Wherefore comfort yourselves together and edify one another" ; "Through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins" ; "And when he had looked round about on them with anger" ; "And the Lord will create upon every dwelling place of Mount Zion" ; "Workers together with God" ; "Being made free from sin" ; "If the righteous scarcely be saved" ; "Whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins" ; "God loveth a cheerful giver" ; "Remember now thy Creator" ; "Unto him be glory in the church" ; "For the weapons of our warfare are not..." ; "Will thou not revive us" ; "Let him know that he which converteth the sinner from error" ; "Full of the Holy Ghost" ; "Preach the Gospel to every creature" ; "Let us not be weary in well doing" ; "By nature the children of wrath" ; "I will pay my vows unto the Lord" ; "That every mouth may be stopped" ; "May enter in through the gates into the city" ; "I kept back nothing" ; "If thou Lord shouldst mark iniquity O Lord who shall stand" ; "Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil is a roaring lion" ; "The Son of Man give his life" ; "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God" ; "What is a man profited if he shall gain the whole world" ; "Behold a sower went..." ; "For he must reign till..." ; "And grieve not the Holy Spirit" ; "But let a man examine" ; "Repentance" ; "Who of God is made unto us wisdom" ; "A Witness for Christ" ; "The Carnal Mind in Believers" ; "The Perfect Christian" ; "Every branch in me that beareth not" ; "For our Gospel came not unto you in Word only but also in power" ; "O that they were wise" ; "Ye that make mention of the Lord" ; "For the grace of God that bringeth" ; "The New Birth" ; "He shall not fail nor be discouraged" ; "But ye are a chosen generation" ; "Let me die the death of the righteous" ; "Her ways are ways of pleasantness" ; "For this cause I bow my knees" ; "Risen with Christ" ; "Born again" ; "They that are Christ's have crucified" ; "For this cause I bow my knees" ;"For the perfecting of the saints" ; "But thou O man of God flee these things and follow after righteousness"

Nathanael Burwash fonds

  • CA ON00357 2042
  • Fonds
  • 1845-1927; predominant 1865-1915

In his capacities as a minister, teacher and administrator, Nathanael Burwash exerted tremendous influence on both the course of the Methodist Church in Canada and the development of the educational system in Ontario for over half a century. In view of this dual role, Burwash's papers are of cardinal interest to religious and educational historians; nevertheless, they also contain valuable insights into the political, social and economic conditions in Canada between 1860 and the end of the First World War. The collection held by the Archives includes a large selection of Burwash's correspondence, diaries, sermons, addresses, essays, lectures, manuscripts, and biographical material.

Burwash's correspondence has been organized chronologically and thematically. The bulk of the material has been classified as general correspondence, but, where the volume or importance of correspondence on a particular subject warranted, a separate file was created. When ever possible, Burwash's replies were placed with the letters in response to which they were written. The major portion of the correspondence relates to the administration of Victoria College: included are letters from students seeking advice, requests for academic recommendations and honourary degrees, applications for staff openings and salary increases, questions concerning curriculum and examinations and debates over the relationship between the university and the government. The close ties between Victoria and other Methodist institutions such as Albert College, Columbian Methodist College and Wesley College in Winnipeg are clearly illustrated. Information concerning the university's financial arrangements and endowments has largely been segregated, but the researcher should also scan the general correspondence and the Massey family correspondence for a more complete picture. The family correspondence provides insights into Burwash's private opinions and reflects many values of Canadian family life. Although there are occasional questions regarding spiritual matters, the problems of training young men for the ministry or mission work, there are not as many as might be expected from the nature of Burwash's involvements. The bulk of the religious correspondence deals with the issue of Higher Criticism (particularly the Workman and Jackson controversies). Because Burwash was generally perceived to be a moderate liberal in theological matters, he received solicitations for support from both conservatives and radicals within the Methodist Church.

Although a number of the diaries are little more than listings of appointments and meetings, others are detailed accounts of Burwash's daily activities as a young preacher and professor and outline the nature of his spiritual concerns. The division of the remainder of the material into sermons, addresses, lectures, articles, essays, and manuscripts was often difficult and, of necessity, occasionally arbitrary. Within each category, the material was arranged chronologically. Generally, any piece containing a text (unless a title indicated otherwise) was classified as a sermon; pieces addressed to an audience (usually without a text) were labelled as addresses or lectures. The lecture notes contain examples of Burwash's work both as a student and as a teacher. Compositions which seem to have been written strictly for publication rather than for an audience were considered to be essays, articles, or manuscripts. The collection includes the complete manuscript for A Manual of Christian Theology in the Inductive Method and the manuscript and several drafts of The History of Victoria College.

Burwash's writings reflect an emphasis on the inner spiritual life of the individual and the importance of such Wesleyan traditions as Christian perfection. His work was an interesting example of a nineteenth century struggle to reconcile spiritual and scientific truths, although like most Methodists he was confident that all modes of truth were ultimately harmonious. Burwash's articulation of Wesleyan doctrine was designed to separate superficial and fundamental concepts in order to prepare a doctrinal basis for church union. The biographical and autobiographical material,initially prepared by Burwash and subsequently by his eldest son Edward,is incomplete in that it deals only with the period of Burwash's life prior to the 1890's. However, it contains interesting information on the nature of the educational system in Ontario, the lifestyle of a young preacher in both rural and urban stations, and the problems facing Victoria College immediately prior to federation.

The fonds is arranged in five series: Correspondence, 1965-1925; Diaries and journal, 1859-1914; Writing, 1860-1917; Notes and manuscripts, 1862-1923; and Records, 1863-1927.

Burwash, Nathanael


Series consists of predominantly incoming but including outgoing correspondence, 1915-1923, relating to teaching/finances/administration at Victoria University, church and educational matters, personal affairs, family (includes posthumous letters), and social issues.

Sermons, Addresses, Lectures, Essays, Articles, and Reports

This box has not had it's files catalogued individually. The box contains the following files:
Sermon Notes. "Search the Scriptures!! November 26, 1899
Sermon Notes. "In him Was life" December 17, 1899
Address. "The New Probation" Theological Conference 1896
Address to Empire Club. "Imperial Education" January 7, 1904
Address to General Conference in Defence of George Jackson. Victoria, B.C. [August 27, 1910]
Address to Class of 1911 re: Challenges of the Modern Age
Address. "The Old Adolphustown Church" 1912
Address. "An Ancient Sermon Revised for Today" n.d.
Notes for Educational Address. n.d.
Address re: St. Patrick. n.d.
Notebook of Addresses. "The Student, the Mission Field, and Canadian National Life" n.d.
"The Class Meeting" n.d.
Lecture. "The Use and Abuse of Books" October, 1897
Notebook of Lectures. "Lectures on Old Testament Testament Exegesis 1875-1876
"The Day of Atonement" n.d.
"The Epistle of Paul to the Romans" n.d.
Synopsis of Lectures in Practical Theology. October–December, 1915
Essay. "The Old Religion and the New Learning" 1906-1909
Article. "The Nature and Methods of Revelation" n.d.
Article re: Relationship Between College and University n.d. Partial Draft of Article re: University of Toronto n.d.
Report of Victoria University to the Conferences of the Methodist Church 1903
Report of Meeting of Victoria Committee with the University Commission. January 27 [1906]
Report of Meetings of Board of Victoria College in 1863.
December 18, 1906 Report to the Executive Committee of the Board of Regents re: Burwash Lectureship. March 5, 1917
Report of Victoria University Committee re: Provincial University. n.d.
Report on Honours Class in Moderns Fourth Year. n.d.
Report of Committee on Buildings and Grounds. n.d.
Report to Board of Educational Society of the Methodist Church re: Co-education, Standardization of the Curriculum, and Possible Co-operation Among Institutions. n.d.

Book of Essays.

"The Spiritual Life. It's Birth. A Definite Religious Experience" ; "The Spiritual Life. Faith Working by Love" ; "The Spiritual Life. Perfect Love as the Highest Life."

Notebook of Essays.

"Biblical Data on the Doctrine of Sin" ; "The Moral Constitution of Man" ; "The Ethical Constitution of Man" ; "Conscience" ; "The Genesis, Nature and Consummation of Sin"

Notebook of Essays.

"Bricks and the Bible" ; "His truth endureth throughout all generations" ; "The Coming Judgement" ; "Consecration" ; Notes on Higher Criticism

Notebook of Essays.

"An Essay on Beauty."1859. Read before the Literary Association of the University of Victoria College in Cobourg ; Essay Examining the Causes of the American Civil War. n.d. ; "Schools and Schoolboys." June 25, 1862. Belleville

Lecture Series.

"Apocalyptics" ; "Interpretation" ; Notes on Theological Science with Short Essay on Mammoth Remains in Canadian Postpliocene on reverse


"An Essay on the Coincidence of the Geological with the Mosaic Account of Creation." January, 1858. ; Two Lectures on Organic Chemistry. n.d.


Lecture Notes on the Messianic Psalms. n.d. ; Clippings and Commentary on the Mosaic Codes.

Notes of Public Lectures.

"St. Paul's Cathedral" ; "Schools and Schoolmasters" ; "Self Culture for Teachers" ; "Bricks and the Bible" ; Clippings on Cathedrals and Education

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