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University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services
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Records in this series relate to Cochrane’s publishing of books, articles and reviews. Included are manuscripts, correspondence, research notes, clippings, published reviews and off-prints. For his first major book, Thucydides and the Science of History (1929), there is only one file containing reviews, comments and some correspondence.

For his most renowned work, Christianity and Classical Culture (1940) there is no manuscript, although two sets of galley proofs have survived. There is some correspondence relating to the book and copies of numerous reviews, including some from important scholars such as George Grant, Arnaldo Momigliano, R.M. Henry, Shirley Jackson Case, W.H. Auden and Reinhold Neibuhr.


Records in this series document Cochrane’s role as an educator. Included are course outlines, exams annotated with Cochrane notes, assignments and reading lists.

The largest part of this series is made up of course lectures. Where identified, lectures for specific courses are arranged together. There are no complete runs of lectures but the courses represented include: 1st year Greek and Roman History, Constitutional and Political History of Rome, Interpretation of Greek History. There are a series of lectures on Roman history and another series on Roman law, religion and institutions, although no course was identified. Finally there are lectures for a course on Economics of Geography, clearly written by Cochrane, although it is uncertain when and where he would a have taught this course.

Graphic records

This series mainly contains photographs and negatives documenting the Cochrane family, especially the Cochrane children Mary Ann and Hugh David. Cochrane appears in a very few, however, there are photographs of Cochrane on a camping trip to Temagami with some other men as well as early photos of his sea voyage to England probably to attend Oxford.6


Unfortunately only a small amount of Cochrane’s correspondence survived.

There is very limited professional correspondence, some family correspondence from his wife and daughter and very routine correspondence relating to the University College men’s residence. There is also some correspondence and related documents sent to Mrs. Cochrane upon the death of her husband.

Most of the correspondence relates to his family’s involvement in the evacuation of children of Oxford University faculty to Canada during the 2nd World War. This was officially undertaken by the University of Toronto Women’s War Services Committee but the correspondence relates directly to the care of the children of G.N. Clark, Patience and Martin, who lived with the Cochrane family from 1940-1942. There is also some correspondence with family friends, the Bells of Oxford, who sent their children and grandchildren to Canada. Cochrane finally helped them to be placed with relatives in the United States.

Of some interest, and included in this series, is a copy of W.S. Milne’s letter to the President requesting an independent department for Ancient History, dated 1903 and attached is a copy of his lengthy justification. This item is filed at the end of the series.

Talks, essays and lectures

This series includes manuscripts, draft notes, research notes of formal talks and lectures as well as related correspondence and newspaper clippings. Of particular note are files related to his work on historian Carl Becker. Two copies of his lecture and several files of notes are preserved. As well, there are manuscripts and typescripts of four lectures on St. Augustine that Cochrane delivered at Yale University prior to his death in 1945 and were expected to be published. There is also a rough draft of a paper entitled Augustine’s City of God that may also have been part of this series.

Also filed at the end of this series is some correspondence and an annotated copy of the Yale lectures belonging to Hugh David Cochrane who had attempted to publish some of his father’s works.

Advisory Committee, Defence of Canada Regulations

During the 2nd World War, Cochrane was a member of the Defence of Canada Regulations, Advisory Committee to the Minister of Justice. The committee heard appeals from people interned under the Defence of Canada Regulations and made recommendations on the terms of release or continued imprisonment of the internee. Records include some general correspondence, background papers and notes. Most of the series are case files for individual appeals.

There are some 170 case files that minimally contain a copy of the memo sent from the committee to the Minister of Justice with decision and justification. Some files also contain police or RCMP reports, background briefings, transcripts of the hearing and other interviews, correspondence of witnesses and Cochrane’s notes.

Also included in this series are some documents and clippings about various communist and fascist groups such as the Communist Party of Canada and the German Bund of Canada. These groups were illegal in this period under the Defence of Canada Regulations and many of its members appeared before the Advisory Board. There is also an early manuscript and a typescript of the Memorandum on the Communist Party of Canada, co-authored by Cochrane and A.S. Simpson ca. 1942.

General files have been placed in B2003-0011/023, followed by files on the Memorandum. Case files, found in B2003-0011/021 and B2003-0011/022, were grouped in large brown envelopes, upon which Cochrane listed the names of the internees and recommended decision for each case. These groupings have been maintained and arranged chronologically. The front of each envelope has been preserved and filed at the beginning of each group. Case files within each group have been arranged alphabetically by surname.


This series contains notes taken by Cochrane on secondary source readings, mainly monographs and encyclopedia as well as notes from primary documents such as the writings of early Greek and Roman philosophers and historians. While some notes are simply summaries of texts, others are annotated with Cochrane’s own subjective comments and evaluations. These notes most certainly served as source material for lectures, addresses and publications. Since there are no early drafts of his two major books, Thucydides and the Science of History (1929), and Christianity and Classical Culture (1940), the notes give some sense of how Cochrane’s theses developed and what contemporary and past works influenced his thinking.

This material is the most voluminous series and files are arranged in various ways. Firstly, there are notes grouped by subject as identified by Cochrane and arranged by author within.

Secondly there are a series of notes on Roman History arranged by subject that often relate to subjects found in lectures (see Series 2) as well as a box of miscellaneous notes that may relate to the writing of Christianity and Culture. There are also 16 small notebooks on secondary source writings that relate to the broad subjects covered at the beginning of the series, a bibliographic card index arranged by subject, as well as four files of bibliographic lists. Finally, a selection of annotated books from Cochrane’s personal library has been preserved here for the value of the notes in the margins.


Prof. Ivey spoke regularly to groups, conferences, meetings, convocations and graduation dinners at both the university level and the high school level. He spoke to administrators, alumni, and students in both university and high school, and to high school and university level teachers as well as to the general public. The subject of these talks was centred frequently on his passion for the sciences, teaching and physics. Some of these addresses, like “A soupçon of science” were later published. The files in this series contain manuscripts of addresses as well as correspondence and notes. Of particular interest are files relating to his trips to England (1963-1964) ,China (1985), and to Caracas, Venezuela, Poland and New Zealand (1991).

Course notes

Course notes of Park's aunt, Mary Louise McLennan, in Educations, 1914-15, and later by her students in the London Country Council; Teachers' outlines for senior bible class which Parks taught; his course notes University of Toronto Schools (1916-1920), Upper Canada College (1921-1923); course and lab notes for University of Toronto undergraduate courses in Arts, in Medicine and post-graduate courses and internships in medicine in Toronto; course notes for post-doctoral course in medicine, London (1932-33), University of Freiburg (1933-34), and Harvard (1934-35).

McLennan, Mary Louise

Military records

Series consists of diaries, lectures, daily orders and training syllabi for his start with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps at Camps Niagara and Borden (1941-43).

Also includes personal file, circular letters, hospital routines and notices and material for a course in tropical medicine while Director of Medical Services for the Canadian Army (1943-1945).


Books picked up at the Sanderbusch Naval Hospital, Germany, 1945

John Marshall fonds

  • UTA 1522
  • Fonds
  • 1964-1999

Personal papers of Prof. John Marshall, Faculty of Information Studies covering his career as librarian and professor of library science at the University of Toronto. Includes records relating to his role on the Canadian Libraries Association subcommittee on Library technician programs including articles, workshops, surveys, research materials etc. Also included are records relating to the Ontario Provincial Consultative Committee and files on other community colleges and universities. Biographical file documents his firing in 1954 from Victoria Public Library and public apology by the Board of VPL in 1998.

Marshall, John

Writing and publishing

Series consists of records relating to Dr. Rakoff’s writing and publishing activities. Works include articles in peer reviewed journals, book chapters, opinion pieces, magazine articles, reviews, and drafts of unknown works. One file includes Dr. Rakoff’s Discussion paper for the Ontario Law Reform Commission regarding the Mental Health Act (1991). Files almost always include copies of the final product, but may also include drafts, revisions, correspondence and background material.


Series consists of limited correspondence between Dr. Rakoff and various individuals, primarily academics, psychiatrists, editors, friends, and some members of the general public. In addition, one file documents the difficulties arranging a performance of his “Non Quasi” in Montreal. One file contains 12 years of correspondence with and about Mr. Li Hsing-yeh, a Chinese man Dr. Rakoff met in a park, with whom he struck up correspondence and who sent Dr. Rakoff a number of Chinese figurines and other gifts.

Personal and biographical

Series consists of records relating to Dr. Rakoff’s personal life and career. Records include CVs, degrees and certificates, diaries from trips to Israel and Russia, records pertaining to his honorary degree from U of T including a DVD of his address, and various memorabilia. 2 files pertain to the education and early adulthood of two of his children (David and Ruth, both authors). Series also includes a copy of “A psychiatrist’s odyssey,” an article on Dr. Rakoff by Robert Fulford, published in Saturday Night in February 1984.

Trips, conferences and talks

Series consists of records relating to Dr. Rakoff’s trips, conferences and talks. Files primarily include the texts of Dr. Rakoff’s lectures. One file includes news coverage of the 1970 Couchiching conference on “Love and the Establishment.” Another file includes the full transcript of a debate sponsored by the residents in psychiatry at McGill University on whether or not “psychiatry is an agent of the establishment,” at which Dr. Rakoff made extensive comments during the question period. One file relates to a trip to China in 2004, and includes correspondence and background research on suicide rates in China.

Research, works in progress, and background material

Series consists of records documenting Dr. Rakoff’s research and works in progress. The series begins with a number of files documenting Dr. Rakoff’s research on psychological issues facing the children of Holocaust survivors. These records include a list of doctors working with such patients, a bibliography of resources, articles by others, news articles, and correspondence.

Series also provides good documentation of a Family Interaction Test conducted by Vivian Rakoff, Nathan Greenberg, Esther Halpern, Roslyn Spector and Isaac Rebner, from the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal in the 1960s. Records here include research, drafts, correspondence, and the original pictures shown to experiment participants. Other records in this series include notes and articles on art, Freud, Nietzsche, genius, Otto Rank, and Erik Erikson.

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