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Conferences, seminars, roundtables

This series consists of files on conferences, seminars, roundtables, and panel discussions that Robert Spencer attended, was due to attend but had to cancel, or participated in, but at which did not give formal presentations. See Series 13 for documents relating to his formal addresses, talks and speeches.

Notebooks and notes

Series consists of various notes and notebooks kept by Dr. Brieger, containing research notes, course notes, travel information, sketches, and other information. Many date from his time in Germany in the early 1930s.


Series consists of typed and hand written lecture notes on various topics in art history, especially medieval and Baroque art. See file listing for more details.


Series consists of manuscripts, drafts and offprints of writing by Dr. Brieger. See file listing for titles.

Work by others

Series consists of offprints, manuscripts, and other copies of works by other authors, including limited student work and exams from the 1960s.

Bible Project

Series consists of records relating to the Bible project of Peter Brieger and Jürgen Paul. The original idea of the project was to compile a complete collection of photographs of French and English illustrated Bibles produced between the end of the eleventh century and around the year 1270, with a focus on the iconography of their illustrations. The project likely began in the late 1950s. In 1965, Dr. Brieger met Dr. Jürgen Paul, who moved to Toronto, from Germany, in 1967 to help Dr. Brieger finish the book.

Dr. Paul helped define the focus of the book, from a multi-volume corpus of all illustrations, to a study of “questions of iconography, the variety and development in the choice of subjects for illustrating the biblical books, and to concentrate on the Old Testament. It was to be demonstrated how over the period of the two centuries changes in subjects of illustration selected were influenced by changes in Christian theological exegesis of the Old Testament.” [1] The pair worked together in an office in Sydney Smith Hall during the winter and spring of 1967/68.

The pair later organized trips to several repositories to examine manuscripts. As Dr. Paul writes, “I had already realized that the material of French and English illustrated Bible manuscripts was still incomplete. Therefore, during the summer of 1968 we, together with Mrs. Brieger, spent several weeks in England checking the college libraries in Oxford and Cambridge. It turned out that in both universities large numbers of most interesting Bible manuscripts existed that were not even registered. No catalogues existed. After the stay in England we went by car through France checking the manuscript collections in Paris and provincial libraries between Avranches and Dijon. After that, we went to Italy checking the manuscripts in the Vatican library and in Laurenziana in Florence.”

When Dr. Brieger’s health began to fail, Dr. Paul continued the project, to a lesser degree, with Ann Hilty. The project was never published.

[1] From an account written by Dr. Paul. The full account can be found in the case file for B2016-0007.

Personal and biographical

This small series consists of biographical information, including copies of Professor Munro’s curriculum vitae, the family scholarship he created at the University of British Columbia, and most of his activity and appointment calendars from 1981 to 2012. Some of the entries on the last were made by him and others by his wife, Jeanette.


This is an extensive series of correspondence with friends, colleagues, students and former students, editors and other individuals documenting his many writing, publishing, teaching and research activities. Includes correspondence with his mentor and thesis advisor, Prof. Robert S. Lopez of Yale University as well as early correspondence relating to his employment at UBC and subsequent move to the University of Toronto (1962-1968) (Box013). The alphabetical files contain correspondence with and about individuals as well as organizations. Letters of reference with colleagues and friends relate mainly to employment applications or grant applications and are filed separately from those relating to students. Files relating to students contain information on evaluation of progress on dissertation, dissertation defence and some letters of reference for teaching appointments.

University of Toronto

This series contains files relating to Prof. Munro’s administrative and academic activities in the Department of Political Economy, Department of Economics, and the Centre for Medieval Studies. Such files include among others, files on PhD comprehensive examinations (with copies from Yale University), and the Graduate programme in Economics. Also included in this series are Prof. Munro’s annual activity reports submitted to the Chair of the Department. Prof. Munro also undertook appointments to other university bodies such Users’ Committee of the Robarts Library (1974-1977), the U. of T. Research Board, Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, and various search committees. Files relating to these activities contain correspondence, minutes of meetings, reports, and notes.

Other Activities

This series contains files relating to Prof. Munro’s activities in conferences, associations, and other external organizations. Some files, therefore, may relate to individuals and organizations documented in Series 3: Correspondence. The files contain correspondence, some manuscripts of papers or presentations, minutes of meetings, notes and reports.


This series documents Prof. Munro’s teaching activities as they relate to courses delivered to undergraduate and graduate students during his first teaching appointment at University of British Columbia (1964-1968) and at the University of Toronto (1968- 2013). The University of British Columbia courses include History 304, “Economic and social history of the Middle Ages”; Economics 320, “Economic development of Modern Europe”; and History 416, “France in the Middle Ages”. The UBC files include course outlines, essay topics, examinations and typescripts of lectures.

Files for University of Toronto courses are understandably more extensive and include course outlines, reading lists, examination questions, typescripts of lectures, and overheads (for two courses offered after 1995).

The overheads apply to ECO 301Y and 303Y. ECO 301Y, “The economic history of Late-Medieval and Early-Modern Europe, 1300-1750”, was offered from September, 2004. It was the same as ECO 201Y, but given at the third year with corresponding prerequisites (ECO 200Y/206Y and seven other courses). ECO 303Y, “The economic history of Modern Europe, 1750-1914”, was given from January, 1995 as a revised version of the former ECO 203Y, with corresponding pre-requisites (ECO 200Y/206Y plus seven other courses).

Biographical and personal

This series contains passports, daily agendas (58 volumes) and an address book, as well as files relating to the Banff School of Fine Arts, Professor Peers’ academic life, awards that he received and books that he wrote. Also included are a class photograph of the East Coulee School where Peers taught and was principal from 1939-1942, personal correspondence, photographs of Peers with friends, travel documents and records relating to his 90th birthday and the memorial service held upon his death. The series concludes with a file of records relating to David Rayside, a U of T professor and close friend of Peers.

The “biographical information” file [/003(04)] contains, amongst many other items, several pieces that Professor Peers himself penned between 1980 and 2002 about his family and background and his years as a high school teacher. Included with this is a CD from one of his nieces, Bev Swanton, titled “Acadia Valley Homecoming 2012”, that celebrates the hamlet, the surrounding farms (including that of the Peers family) and includes the centennial parade.

University of Toronto

This series contains records relating to Professor Peers’ activities as a professor and professor emeritus, as an alumnus, and as a very generous donor to the University of Toronto and also to Queen’s University. Included is general information about his retirement, correspondence and related material regarding the Department of Political Science. There are also extensive files of correspondence, donor agreements, endowment reports, and other material regarding scholarships and fellowships that he funded in the Department of Political Science and elsewhere, and a file on the purchase of and later transfer to the University of Toronto of his condominium at 190 St. George St.

Professional activity

Series consists of records related to Mr. Ezrin’s professional roles. These focus primarily on his time in government, both federal and provincial. Records cover his work in diplomatic roles in New Delhi, Los Angeles and New York, as well as publicity surrounding the Constitution. Three files document Ezrin’s involvement on the Debate Committee preparing Liberal leader John Turner for the federal debate in 1988.

Department of Occupational Therapy

Series consists of records related to the administrative and academic operations of the University of Toronto’s Department of Occupational Therapy during Prof. Friedland’s tenure as Department Chair. Material covers developments within the department, including correspondence, proposals and reports regarding departmental status, component programs, budgetary issues and strategic planning. Series also includes some documentation of awards, lectureships, and events run by the Department. Following Prof. Friedland’s retirement, material covers the Judith Friedland Fund, a grant administered by the Department for occupational therapy research in oncology and palliative care, as well as her role as Chair of Research Ethics Policy and Advisory Committee (REPAC). Five additional files of student correspondence reflect issues with the evaluation of admission requirements for the Department of Occupational Therapy’s Degree Completion Program.


Series consists of records relating to Prof. Gunderson’s work as a consultant analyzing particular issues within the workforce and labour market. Material primarily covers Prof. Gunderson’s work for Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) and includes the Workplace Employee Survey and the Sectoral Partnership Initiative. Additional studies look at the impact of investments in machinery, equipment and skills training as drivers of firm productivity. Series also includes reports and material prepared for other agencies, such as pay equity assessments and evaluations of particular industries and trades. Records include data analysis print-outs, correspondence, draft reports, and background research material.

Articles and Papers

This series contains research notes and data, drafts and final versions of some of MacIntosh’s articles and papers. Not all of these papers were published – many were written to present at various talks, or to document various medical procedures which MacIntosh was working on. Some of the records in this series appear to be papers that MacIntosh started and never completed, or that led to different papers all together. The series also contains several papers that MacIntosh either co-wrote, or helped to edit.

Hospital Employment

This series is comprised of most of MacIntosh’s records dealing with his employment and involvement at several hospitals, including Sunnybrook Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, and The Riverdale Hospital. The series also contains material MacIntosh accumulated while serving on hospital boards and committees, as well as employment information detailing MacIntosh’s work with the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Medicine, and information on work MacIntosh completed for the Worker’s Compensation Board.

Medical Practice Administration

This series contains records from MacIntosh’s medical practice. The series includes MacIntosh’s day planners and appointment books, account books, office income and expenses information, telephone message books, and his patient Simplex System, which helped MacIntosh keep track of patient appointments and payment information. The series also contains some records dealing with office space rentals, and some correspondence with various prosthesis manufacturers regarding the use of their projects within the clinic.

Patient files

This series contains a selection of MacIntosh’s patient files from several medical practices – the Toronto General Hospital, the Princess Margaret Hospital, Sunnybrook Hospital and the Hart House Clinic for student athletes at the University of Toronto. Included in this series are patient files for MacIntosh’s own practice at the University of Toronto’s Medical Arts Building as well as patient files and case information for the many litigations and Workers Compensation Board/Workplace Safety Insurance Board cases for which MacIntosh served as an expert medical consultant. Lastly, included in this series are a set of patient files from Drs. Allan Gross and John C. Cameron, two younger doctors who worked in the orthopedic field with MacIntosh.

Most of the files in this series contain patient intake information, background medical charts, diagnoses, treatment plans and follow-up reports. Occasionally, the patient files will include photographs and x-rays. The series is arranged in order to reflect how MacIntosh kept his patient files under several different systems. MacIntosh arranged some of his patient files based on the injury or affliction facing the patient. Other files were arranged alphabetically, and many were arranged using a numbered system. The patient files belonging to patients seen at the Hart House Clinic were also kept separately by MacIntosh.

The series also includes several different sets of patient indices, which are presumably index cards for every patient MacIntosh treated. Most of the indices are alphabetical or chronological, however there are several miscellaneous or misfiled boxes are patient index cards.

Research notes and publishing

Series consists records that document a sampling of Prof. Thornton’s writing and research spanning from early in his career to 2003. Writing is comprised of predominantly academic articles, book chapters, and reviews on a range of topics including British imperial history, colonial states, power and individual rights. Material include typescripts, drafts, off-prints, and correspondence. Notes also cover similar areas of interest, though many are unidentified and partial.

Education and career

Series consists of records relating to Prof. Cook’s secondary and post-secondary education and career, including grant, fellowship and some project files.

Education records include secondary school certificates and exam results, her application for admission to the University of Toronto, course syllabi, reading lists, examinations, notes on nineteenth-century thought by Prof. A.S.P. Woodhouse, and Prof. Cook’s convocation program. Employment records include letters of offer, contracts, clippings, evaluations, and correspondence. Grant and fellowship records include applications, correspondence, reports, and clippings.

Series also includes project files relating to Prof. Cook’s work with Representative Poetry Online and the Online Poetry Classroom Project of the Academy of American Poets.

Compositions and original creations

Series contains original works with Phil Nimmons as main author. The series includes scripts for radio broadcasts as well as scores and parts for various ensembles.

Manuscripts and publications

This series consists of Professor Helleiner’s numerous publications and unpublished manuscripts spanning his career during the 1920s and 30s as an archivist in St. Pölten, Austria, and throughout the over 30 years he was an economic historian at the University of Toronto. Records include off-prints of the majority of his publications appearing in European and North American academic journals; unpublished manuscripts and notes; drafts of his books The Imperial Loans: A Study in Financial and Diplomatic History and Free Trade and Frustration: Anglo-Austrian Negotiations 1860-70; chapters in books he edited or contributed to; and numerous review articles and book reviews. Files in this series have been arranged chronologically, with book reviews arranged separately in 8 files at the end of the series.

Lectures and notes

This series documents Professor Helleiner's teaching career in the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto. Records largely consist of his lectures and lecture notes for two courses he taught there entitled 'Economic History of Europe' and 'Problems of Economic Development.' Other teaching material, such as reading lists, outlines, and bibliographies, is occasionally included with the lecture notes.


Series consists of records documenting Prof. Fletcher’s research activity. It includes substantial coverage of his work within two major projects, The Charter Project and the Australian Rights Project. Series also includes additional smaller-scale studies as well as miscellaneous research files. Records relate to both the administration of these projects as well as their findings. See listing of component sections below.

Canadian attitudes towards the Charter of Rights and Freedoms: This section contains records related to research on Canadian attitudes towards civil liberties and is comprised primarily of material from the Charter Project (1986-1990) which was conducted with fellow investigators Paul Sniderman, Peter Russell, and Philip Tetlock. This research project investigated how the recent adoption of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was reflected in Canadian attitudes towards civil liberties among various population groups. This section includes additional records from projects that followed the Charter Project and reflect Prof. Fletcher’s continued research within the area. Material includes data print-outs, draft and final surveys, indices, correspondence, notes, progress documentation, and background material.

Australian Rights Project and comparative study: The Australian Rights Project (1988-1993), led by Brian Galligan, Ian McAllister, and Joseph Fletcher, investigated the level of Australian support for civil rights and freedoms. The study evaluated the beliefs of both the general public and a population of elites, mostly those in the legal community. The project was also designed to compare its results with those in other countries, in particular Canada. Material in this section includes data-print outs, notes, correspondence, indices, granting applications and records, recruitment material, research summaries, and background research.

Task Force on Foreign Students survey (University of Toronto): Records in this section relate to a study beginning in 1984 of international students at the University of Toronto organized by the Task Force on Foreign Students. The mail survey evaluated the overall experiences of foreign students at the University looking in particular at academic, financial, and personal issues faced. Material includes data, notes, reports, and background material.

Survey of Recent and Current Doctoral Students at the University of Toronto: Records in this section relate to a survey conducted regarding the attitudes, issues, and practices surrounding doctoral dissertations at the University between 1989 and 1991. The study was organized by the Committee on the Role and Nature of the Doctoral Dissertation on behalf of the Dean of Graduate Studies. Material in this section includes data, reports, notes, surveys, and correspondence.

Miscellaneous research: Records in this section cover multiple projects and ancillary areas of research, including several survey-based projects: a recurring national election study; a 1993 referendum survey, and a survey of legal scholars and professionals. Additionally, the section includes research files on topics including party identification, Canada’s mission in Afghanistan, and same-sex marriage. Records comprise data print-outs, analysis, correspondence, reports, notes, and background material. Additionally, section contains copied and original material created by Prof. Fletcher’s former supervisor and colleague, Christian Bay.

National Library of Canada

The series partially documents Francess Halpenny’s activities as a member of the National Library of Canada’s advisory board from 1976 to 1982. It also partially documents Halpenny’s activities as a member of the Advisory board committee on bibliographical services of Canada, from 1981 to 1982 ; and her participation to the "Colloquium on Availability of Publications in Canada", Quebec City, June 17 and 18, 1987.

The series consists of 4 files including correspondence, minutes of meetings, news release, notes and correspondence.

Research and Publications

The series partially documents Francess Halpenny’s research and publishing activities relating to publishing generally, Canadian libraries, Canadian theatre and Royal Society of Canada fellows, from 1969 to 1996. The series also partially documents her participation into activities of the Literary History of Canada’s editorial board from 1984 to 1990.

The series consists of 8 files including working notes, drafts (some hand written), correspondence, minutes of meetings, grant application and reviews.

Talks and Conferences

The series partially documents Francess Halpenny’s participation as lecturer, moderator and/or attendee to talks and conferences on publishing, biography and Canadian studies, between 1972 and 1993. It also documents a talk she gave about staying active and aging at the symposium "Age-itation", in 1986.

The series consists of 20 files including correspondence, conference programs, lists of participants, working notes, drafts (some hand written) of addresses and/or papers and press clippings.

Manuscripts and Publications

W. H. Fraser's principal writing were of textbooks on French and German grammar, co-authored by John Squair and William Henry Van der Smissen. They were used for two generations in Ontario schools and had wide acceptance elsewhere. They went through many editions, being published in Canada by Copp Clark, in the United States by D. C. Heath of Boston, and in the United Kingdom by George Harrap in London. On his own, Fraser wrote, in 1887, Un Philosophe sous les toits, Journal d'un Homme Hereux, par Emile Souvestre, and, later, a slim volume of Italian Exercises. Associated with the last is a scrapbook, mounted pages cut from a French grammar text with annotations in Italian.


This series begins with a single file of course notes taken by Frieda Fraser while a Form V student at Havergal College in 1915-1916. It is followed by others containing course and laboratory notes for the Physics and Biology section of the undergraduate honours Arts program at University College for second, third, and fourth year (1918-1921).

This is followed by a notebook for a biological project at St. Andrew's, New Brunswick, for the summer of 1921. It also contains a number of sketches that have no relationship to the course.

The series ends with some course and laboratory notes for the Bachelor of Medicine program at the University of Toronto.

Manuscripts, publications, and addresses

Professor Fraser had eleven scientific papers published between 1928 and 1964, though she wrote many reports and some papers that were not published. This series contains offprints of all of her published papers and a draft of one. Also included in this series is a short story she wrote in 1909, at the age of 10; a typescript of her undated "Report of a case of pernicious anemia", and an address, "D.P.T. vaccines" that she delivered on 4 December, 1964.

Research: general files

Beginning in the mid-1920s and even after her retirement in 1965, Dr. Fraser carried on research at the University of Toronto. For the first twenty years, usually with her brother, Donald, her research concentrated on the development of scarlet fever and other antitoxins. This research formed part of ongoing studies of certain aspects of infection and immunity in pneumonia, diphtheria, and scarlet fever, often in conjunction with health departments across Canada. It also involved the testing of products and the monitoring of scarlet fever outbreaks.

As the Second World War began, she started investigating the incidence of agglutinative types of strains of haemolytic streptococcus in a small scarlet fever ward at the Riverdale Isolation Hospital. Through the use of exacting technical procedures, she was able to prove the transfer of agglutinative types from one patient to another in the same ward. She continued work in this field and, in 1941-1942, by examining cultures from 650 people, was able to identify the incidence of particular types of streptococci in various groups of persons. The techniques perfected proved of particular use in studying the outbreak of scarlet fever in Royal Canadian Air Force bases across southern Ontario between 1941 and 1944. In 1942-1943 she worked on the preparation of a combined antigen containing diphtheria toxoid, tetanus toxoid, and tannic acid precipitate of scarlet fever toxin.

During the war, her research also included the development of penicillin, especially in relation to the campaign to combat venereal disease. From January, 1944, in co-operation with the penicillin committee of the armed forces, she conducted a bacteriological investigation of clinical material from patients treated with penicillin. At the same time she was actively engaged in the investigation of two antibiotics, streptothricin and streptomycin.

After the War Dr. Fraser continued her laboratory and clinical studies in antibiotics. One aspect of her research, between 1946 and 1948, was to test the effectiveness of penicillin in oil and wax in the treatment of gonorrhoea. In 1947, as a member of team including researchers from the Department of Botany, she spent much of her available time testing a group of new strain of micro-organisms for their activity against selected cultures. A number of new preparations of penicillin designed to prolong its action were also tested on laboratory animals and then on humans, this project extending into 1949. Further refinements in the testing of the effectiveness of penicillin were continued the next year.

In 1948 Dr. Fraser began a major study of antibiotic substances with special reference to tubercle bacillus and gram-negative cocci. A year later she was studying the antibiotic activity of several strains of penicillin against gram-negative bacilli of the enteric group. In 1950 she began another two-year project, studying the toxicity and protective effect of partially purified antibiotic substances isolated from fungi, utilizing
samples of Arctic soil. She also investigated the conditions for the production of antibiotics in deep culture.

In 1952 she began expanding on earlier research by exploring methods for the concentration of antibiotic from one of the strains of penicillin previously studied. The following year she was investigating methods for the electrophoresis on paper strips of vaccinia virus and a strain of bacteriophage, research that continued to be refined over the next several years with particular references to viruses. By 1957 she was beginning chemical tests of the fractions obtained by electrophoresis separation. Simple synthetic media were also developed for the propagation of phage on a non-pathogenic mycobacterium. In the late 1950s and the early 1960s Dr. Fraser's principal research was in a major project on the development of the anti-tuberculosis antigen, compound 377.

The eight boxes in this series contain research notes, background material, correspondence, data, articles and reports. The associated nine boxes of records of laboratory experiments are found in the next series.

The series begins with three boxes (019-021) of mimeographed and printed articles, and reports, and research notes on areas of interest, especially scarlet fever, tuberculosis, cultures, penicillin, electrophoresis, rheumatic fever, serum sickness, smallpox, spectrophotometry staphylococcus, streptococcus and venereal disease. The arrangement is largely alphabetical by topic.

Box 022 contains applications for, reports on, and correspondence regarding research grants for the years 1944-1964, on projects such as testing the effectiveness of penicillin, on new antibiotics, the electrophoresis of viruses, and tuberculosis vaccine trials.

Boxes 023 and 024 contain correspondence, notes, Dick, skin and lethal test results for research on scarlet fever streptococcus toxin production, and papers describing the results. Included are data for tests on rabbits, in schools, isolation hospitals, the Ontario School for the Deaf, orphanages, and students in the Public Health Nursing program at the University of Toronto. Much of this research was carried out at
the Connaught Laboratories, and the researchers corresponded with several other research institutes including the Richardson Pathological Laboratory at Queen's University.

Box 025 contains files on scarlet fever outbreaks amongst the Royal Canadian Air Force and other military personnel in bases across Ontario between 1941 and 1944. There are also more files of correspondence, notes, and reports, primarily from the 1930s and the early 1940s, on the development of scarlet fever antitoxin, on testing the effectiveness of penicillin in oil and wax in the treatment of gonorrhoea, and on the survival of streptococci and staphylococci in various products. The files from the 1950s relate largely to work on bacteria and viruses and to research methodology.

Box 026 contains the last general research files in this series. The correspondence, data, and reports are associated with a the development of compound 377. Sensitivity tests, clinical and drug trials were carried out at the Mountain Sanatorium in Hamilton, at the Toronto Hospital for Tuberculosis in Weston, and in London and Woodstock.

Personal and biographical

This series consists of a volume of Longfellow's poetry (last part, including back cover missing), with a bookplate with the coat-of-arms of the Williams family (Sir John Bickerton Williams, Kt., LLD, FSA), a certificate for the family plot in Mount Pleasant Cemetery (1916), a medical certificate for Edith (Bud) Williams from England (1927), and press clippings about her passion for mountain climbing (1962).

Tenure Documentation

This series contains two sets of documentation. The first compiled in 1976 when Prof. McIlwraith was applying for promotion to Assistant Professor. This documentation includes course files as described in Series 1 that complete this series for the years prior to 1976. Also included are copies of some of his early papers, reviews and talks often accompanied by an explanatory note meant to put the work in context to his entire output.

The second set of documentation is made up entirely of course related material, again with explanatory notes that most often fill the gap of similar course related files found in Series 1. This binder was amassed as part of the tenure review process to full professor in 1997.

Professional activities

This series documents Prof MacDowell's involvement in organizations and associations—primarily those focused on labour relations and the environment. These include the Policy Committee of the Ontario NDP, the Nuclear International Research Group, and the Ontario Historical Society. Also documented here is MacDowell's involvement with the Larry Sefton Memorial Lecture series, for which she delivered the ten year anniversary lecture in 1992. Other conferences attended and presented at are also captured here, including the 1986 North American Labour History conference held at the University of Toronto, which MacDowell organized and which was the only time this conference had been hosted in Canada. This series also includes documentation of roles performed by Prof MacDowell in addition to her regular duties as a professor. These include the 1995 delivery of the citation for the honorary doctorate degree awarded to Lynn Williams; serving as chair of the Canadian History Search Committee (2000); participating in performance reviews; and lectures delivered to classes other than her own.


Series consists of Laurel MacDowell's correspondence which primarily documents MacDowell's professional activities within universities (the majority of the records pertain to the University of Toronto, however there is also correspondence regarding York and McMaster universities as well). The correspondence documents other aspects of MacDowell's life as well, such as her role as editor of the Ontario History journal and as a publishing academic. Additional correspondence can be found throughout other series within this accession as they pertain directly to the content of those files.

Canadian Tariff Board

The series consists of memorandums, research and reports completed by Mr. Jackson for himself as a consultant and counsel for firms appearing before the Canadian Tariff Board, a government body responsible for the tax levied upon goods imported into Canada. One of the first non-lawyers ever to appear before the Canadian Tariff Board with Mort Mendels, later secretary of the World Bank [3], Mr. Jackson did research and produced reports on numerous Canadian goods and services, which are documented in Series 4. Arranged chronologically, the files within the series record the production, importing, exporting and trade of: coal and coke; cotton and woollen; hogs and wheat; copper, lead and zinc; fine paper; and well as Canada’s railway mileage from the late 1920s to early 1930s. Mixed into the files on cotton and woollen is George H. Wood’s article “An examination of some statistics relating to the wool textile industry” (1927).

The series also consists of reports or articles written about cotton manufacturing companies, the fine paper industry, approaches to post-war planning for York Knitting Mills Limited, Canadian Breweries, railway development and memorandum presented to the Tariff Advisory Board. A letter can also be found within the files on Canada’s breweries regarding a public relations policy for brewers.

For other reports written by Mr. Jackson on Canadian goods and services, see Series 3 (Manuscripts) and Series 9 (Gilbert Jackson & Associates). For research completed for other federal government boards, commissions and special committees, see Series 5 (National War Labour Board), Series 6 (National Selective Advisory Board), Series 7 (Other Federal Government research and reports) and Series 9 (Gilbert Jackson & Associates).


  1. Letter dated Oct. 19, 2004, E. Kendall Cork to Garron Wells re Gilbert E. Jackson OBE, 1890-1959.

National Selective Service Advisory Board

The series consists of the records related to Gilbert Jackson’s involvement in the National Selective Service Advisory Board from the 1942-1945. A commission that was empowered in 1942, the National Selective Service Advisory Board oversaw the mobilization of civilian human resources and military during the Second World War . Ruled under the direction of Deputy Minister of Labour Arthur MacNamara, the commission’s mobilization efforts emphasized conciliation, compromise and de-centralization as they focused on issues regarding the recruitment of Native Canadians for home defence, the essential control of the coal labour force in Nova Scotia, the deferment policies affecting university students and the control of women within the primary textile industry. A government body that had weak administrative control and strong social opposition to required mobilization measures, the National Selective Service Advisory Board was short lived.

The files have been separated into two distinct functions: the minutes belonging to the National Selective Service Advisory Board Subcommittee on Industrial Relations (29 Jul. 1942-31 Aug. 1942) and National Selective Service Advisory Board (6 May 1942-21 Nov. 1945); and subject files, which include the orders-in-council (1942-1945), the Subcommittee on Industrial Relations’ general memoranda on industrial relations and draft resolutions (1942), the National Selective Service Advisory Board’s memoranda on general information (1942-1943) and a submission to the Royal Commission on Coal on a survey that was completed on data workers in the coal mines of Nova Scotia (17 Mar. 1945).

For additional reports written by Gilbert Jackson to other federal government boards, commissions and special committees, see Series 4 (Canadian Tariff Board), Series 5 (National War Labour Board), Series 7 (Other Federal Government research and reports), and Series 9 (Gilbert Jackson & Associates).

Other Federal Government research and reports

The series consists of notes, research and reports written by Gilbert Jackson and other unofficial committee members for various Royal Commissions and Special Committees from the late 1930s to early 1950s. Arranged alphabetically under the name of the company the report was written for, the commission or special committee, the files within the series include reports to: the Great-Lakes Newfoundland Atlantic Company Limited (1938); Royal Commission on Banking and Currency (1933); Royal Commission on Canada’s Economic Prospects (1956); Special Committee on Economic Re-establishment and Social Security of the Senate and the Special Committee on Reconstruction and Re-establishment of the House of Commons of Canada (1958); Special Committee on Price Spreads and Mass Buying (1934); and Standing Committee on Finance (1951-1952). Documenting Canada’s economic investments, prospects and problems with regards to the war, social welfare plans and tariffs, as well as Canadian Chartered banks and returns, the series also consists of a file on taxation and income charts for Canada, Britain and the United States ([194-?]).

For additional reports written by Gilbert Jackson to other federal government boards, commissions and special committees, see Series 4 (Canadian Tariff Board), Series 5 (National War Labour Board), Series 6 (National Selective Service Advisory Board) and Series 9 (Gilbert Jackson & Associates).

Bank of England

The series consists of a book with typed notes of conversations, and both personal and business related incoming and outgoing correspondence written between 1935 and 1939, when Mr. Jackson was advisor to the Governors of the Bank of England. The series mainly consists of outgoing correspondence written by Mr. Jackson to family, friends, acquaintances, students, colleagues and committee members living within the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Jerusalem and Italy. Arranged chronologically, the correspondence deals with: the termination of Mr. Jackson’s teaching position at the University of Toronto; his position at the Bank of England; the activities, events and accomplishments of his family; his book An Economists confession of faith (1935); Mr. Jackson’s opinions and views of England at the time; the economic condition of Canada and England during the late 1930s; reflections on his work at the University of Toronto; the employment situation of his students, friends and acquaintances; and the development of the Economics department at the University of Toronto.

Accompanying the correspondence are two indexes (1937 and 1938), possibly created by Mr. Jackson’s secretary at the Bank of England. The indexes list the name of the person who sent the letter (in alphabetical order) with a number that was placed on the letter at the time it was received.

Mixed into the correspondence are articles, newspaper clippings, off-prints and speeches written by academics and consultants on various economic and financial issues within Canada and England. Sent to Mr. Jackson from family, friends, acquaintances, students and colleagues, the articles, newspaper clippings, off-prints and speeches are also arranged chronologically.

Gilbert Jackson & Associates

The series consists of files related to Mr. Jackson’s consulting firm, Gilbert Jackson & Associates, which was established in three parts during the early 1930s. The first part of the business began when Mr. Jackson was a consulting economist who was assigned to complete special assignments for corporations such as Canadian General Electric in negotiations with United Electrical Workers, and General Motors Canada. During this period, Mr. Jackson also wrote briefs to the Spence Royal Commission of Coasting Trade for Canadian Ship Building and Repair Association and the Borden Royal Commission on Energy for Imperial Oil.

Achieving great success, the second part of the business developed around the mid 1940s. Known as Sentinel Associates Limited, the investment counselling company’s clients included Lever Brothers of Canada Ltd. and a private company named Sentinel Securities of Canada Ltd.

The third part of the office was the Canadian Council for Economic Studies, with Wallace Goforth as Executive Director. A retired colonel in the Canadian Army who had served as Deputy Director General of Defense Research during the 2nd World War, W.W. Goforth was the son of Reverend Jonathan Goforth (1859-1926), the well-known Presbyterian minister in China where W.W. Goforth was born in North Honan on November 25, 1899. After attending the University of Toronto, he studied at McGill University where he received his Masters degree. Before World War II he was professor of economics at McGill (1924-1929) and a consulting economist. Mr. Jackson firm known as the Canadian Council for Economic Studies. [1] He ran Mr. Jackson’s company until his death in [1956?] A Council that met quarterly, many studies were commissioned from academics and other able economists who published under their own names but under the label Gilbert Jackson & Associates.

Arranged alphabetically by function, the files within the series include: company records from the Canadian General Electric Company Ltd (1953), Dominion Textile Co. Limited (1952), General Motors (1954), Hamilton Porcelains, Ltd (1956), Huron & Erie Mortgage Corporation (1952), John Inglis Co. (1952), Ogilvie Flour Mills Company Limited (1944), Rolland Paper Company (1955), St. Lawrence Seaway Authority (1955-1958), Steel Company of Canada Limited (1954) and Vick Chemical Company (1958); typed outgoing correspondence regarding retail coal prices, the consumer price index, the wholesale coal index (1954) and the Mutual Security Programme (1957); manuscripts written by academics and other able economists; the House of Commons Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce minutes of proceedings and evidence (1944, no. 1-no. 53 and 1947, no. 9), the first reading of Bill 7 (1944), and the House of Commons debates (Aug. 1944); biographies, incoming and outgoing correspondence, speeches, articles, off-prints and newspaper clipping written by and about the late Philip Christian Armstrong, an employee of the Canadian Pacific, economist and friend of Gilbert Jackson & Associates (1942-1952); research memorandums by Gilbert Jackson & Associates (1949-1950); reports, correspondence, cases and memorandum to the Royal Commission on the Canadian Coasting Trade (1955); charts on the United States College Endowment Funds (1956?); and copies of minutes of meetings on “The International Functions of Gold”, a London, England discussion group chaired by Sir Charles Addis, that met monthly to discuss “the International uses of Gold” (1929-1931). Mixed into the manuscripts are typed incoming and outgoing correspondences regarding the articles or speeches written by members of Gilbert Jackson & Associates.

The series also contains files containing correspondence, reports and papers produced by: W. W. Goforth (1953-1956); H. G. Littler (1942-1947); and John L.(Lorne) McDougall, a University of Toronto graduate (BA 1921, MA 1923) and professor in the Department of Economics at Queen’s University. His reports on the Combines Act will also be found among these records (1954-1955).

All books and proceedings have been separated from the rest of the manuscripts and placed at the end of the series, in chronological order. These include the House of Commons Standing Committee on Banking and Commerce minutes of proceedings and evidence (1944, no. 1-no. 53 and 1947, no. 9), the first reading of Bill 7 (1944), and the House of Commons debates (Aug. 1944).

Finally, records related to the Canadian Council for Economic Studies can be found within the series. Arranged chronologically, the files within the series include: passed and cancelled council bulletins (1944-1950); an article by E. Harrison Clark “Analysis of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948” (12 Apr. 1948); summaries of views expressed at private dinner meetings (1950-1951); and the Washington Papers (1950-1951).

For additional reports written by Mr. Jackson to other federal government boards, commissions and special committees, see Series 4 (Canadian Tariff Board), Series 5 (National War Labour Board), Series 6 (National Selective Service Advisory Board) and Series 7 (Other Federal Government research and reports).


  1. Letter dated Oct. 19, 2004, E. Kendall Cork to Garron Wells re Gilbert E. Jackson OBE, 1890-1959.
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