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Archival description
University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services Subseries
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Lantern slides

These slides have been selected from her personal collection of over 30,000 images documenting mainly her family and friends as well as her numerous trips.

Social support

Sub-series consists of publications and presentations surrounding issues of social support, its assessment and role as a health determinant in various conditions. Records include offprints, correspondence, reports, and presentation material.

Negotiating freer trade: the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and the trade agreements of 1938.(Waterloo, Ont.: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1989). Written with Norman Hillmer

Early manuscripts of this book were prepared under the title "A shaft of Baltic pine: negotiating the anglo-american-Canadian Trade agreements of 1938." Included in this subseries are an annotated paper presented to the 61st Annual meeting of the CHA (1982); manuscript version originally submitted to the Social Science Federation of Canada for subsidy (Sept. 1985); drafts of various chapters, research notes, and correspondence with Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Progress without planning: the economic history of Ontario from Confederation to the Second World War (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1987)

B1995-0013/013: Chapters 1 to 14: drafts and correspondence, 1981-1986
B1995-0013/014: Chapters 15 to 19; appendices, figures. Drafts and correspondence, 1980-1985
B1995-0013/015: Final drafts of manuscript with editor's marks and comments of D.G. Paterson, ca 1987. See also correspondence regarding this publication in Box /007(06-07)

Courts and Trials

After I was appointed dean in early 1972, I started to organise an interdisciplinary series of lectures on courts and trials (file 2). This was designed to make a statement that we were not just a professional school but were part of the University. The series was widely advertised and was given every few weeks throughout the academic year 1972-73 (files 3-4). The contributors were from a wide array of disciplines--Reg Allen in philosophy, Don Dewees in economics, Tony Doob in psychology, Jim Giffen in sociology, Charles Hanly in psychoanalysis, Ken McNaught in history, Anatol Rapoport in mathematics, and Peter Russell and Don Smiley in political science (files 5-15). Northrop Frye backed out (file 8), but later contributed to the Crime in Literature series. The series was published by the U of T Press in 1975 (files 17-22) and the book was dedicated to Bora Laskin (file 11).

Letters of recommendation

This series consists of chronologically arranged letters of recommendation for graduate students and for other students with whom he was involved indirectly. These files are followed by individual files containing correspondence such as letters of recommendation prepared during their years at University of Toronto and after graduation.

Association of Canadian Orchestras

Ezra Schabas was appointed Chair of the Orchestra Openings/Mobility Committee of this Association in 1990. This committee publicizes vacant positions in symphony orchestras. Files in this subseries contain documents relating to the operation of the Association including minutes, correspondence, reports of the Orchestra Openings Committee, the Executive Committee, records relating to programmes, government relations and Orchestra study for the Canada Council.

Ontario Arts Council

Prof. Schabas has been involved with the Ontario Arts Council since the mid 1960's when he was commissioned to write a report on "Ontario Community Orchestras" (1966) which became a blueprint for developing 40 professional and amateur orchestras in Ontario. This series of correspondence, minutes, notes, and reports documents these activities. Included are records on the OAC's Advisory Committee on Touring which resulted in the report "Touring in Ontario" with David Silcox, William Wylie, and Reva Gerstein and led to the formation of the Council's Touring Office; and a copy of "Choral Music in Ontario" with Keith Bissell, which led to the formation of the Ontario Choral Federation, Ontario Youth Choir and annual province-wide 'Choirs in Contact'.

Photographs

Photographs in this sub-series document Farrar’s extended family in Cattaraugus and New York state from about the 1870s to the early 1900s. There is a large collection of nineteenth century Carte de Visites and Portrait Cards of his parents, T.J. Farrar and Marie Farrar, and their relatives. Some are identified while others are not. Also among these photographs are images of the various Farrar homes in Cattaraugus, views of group outings such as picnics and parties ca. 1890s, as well as general views of Cattaraugus. Also found among these older photographs are three photographs of skeletons or skulls. The photographer of these experimental type images is unknown but is most probably a member of the Farrar family or C.B. Farrar himself. These photographs are grouped and arranged according to subject as outlined above.

This sub-series also includes photographs of Dr. Farrar’s immediate family, mainly his children, Evelyn and Clarice, and his first wife, Evelyn, before 1940. There are also two photographs of Joan Farrar, his second wife. There are numerous professional portraits and extensive snapshots documenting his early life with Evelyn, his various domiciles and the girls’ childhood. Also included in this series are portraits of Farrar from his early childhood up to around the 1950s. Included are portraits by Milne Studio of Toronto, Frederick William Lyonde and Sons of Toronto, and a reproduction of a painting of Dr. Farrar by artist, Archie Barns. Formal portraits are filed by person at the beginning while snapshots are filed afterwards and are grouped by subject and roughly sorted by date.

For Cattaraugus family photographs – See Box /001P.
For family portraits and snapshots – See Box /002P.
For oversize photographs relating to either – See Box /005P (01) and /006P (01)-(05) and /007P (01).

Clinical files

Sub-series consists of clinical records kept by Dr. Farrar including patient files, patients’ correspondence, patients’ notebooks and clinical forms.

Early family life and letters

Subseries consists of records documenting Dr. Franklin’s family and early life. The first file is a scrapbook on the history of the Martius family, dating back to the 15th century. The scrapbook includes a long paper, in German, on the history of the family, as well as captioned photographs and postcards. Series also includes a diary, written in German, from 1945. The bulk of the subseries consists of correspondence sent to and from Dr. Franklin, primarily after she moved to Canada. There are many letters between Dr. Franklin and her family in Germany, as well as letters to friends and colleagues.

The subseries concludes with records documenting Dr. Franklin’s attempts to sponsor her mother’s immigration to Canada in 1949.

Photographs

Subseries consists of various portraits taken of Dr. Franklin, including photographs of her sitting at her microscope. Subseries also includes a couple family photos.

Quakers: Jerilynn Prior and the war tax

Subseries consists of records relating to two intertwining issues: the court case against Jerrilynn Prior (who refused to pay taxes that would fund the military) the more general issue facing conscientious objectors who must pay taxes for future wars.

The legal defence of Dr. Jerrilynn Prior was undertaken by Thomas Berger, with whom Dr. Franklin worked closely to establish the Quaker background to their conscientious objection to war and its implications on taxation during peacetime. According to Dr. Franklin, As well, and in parallel to the Jerrilynn Prior case, there were intense discussions within the Quaker community, the traditional peace churches and some lawyers and parliamentarians on the feasibility of redirecting the military portion of the income tax from conscientious objectors to designated peaceful purposes. Dr. Franklin was part of several delegations to members of the House of Commons on this issue.

Records include the legal documents by Berger, the judgments, and the responses. Records also include background material, papers and presentations, correspondence, press clippings, and parliamentary records relating to the issue of conscientious objection and efforts to introduce a Peace Bill, which would allow citizens to allocate their tax monies away from military purposes.

Voice of Women: General

Subseries consists of records relating to Dr. Franklin’s work with Voice of Women, founded in 1960 by a group of women concerned about the threat of nuclear war. Their first mass meeting was in July 1960 at Toronto’s Massey Hall. The group organized an International Peace Conference in 1962 – the first of its kind. Working alongside Muriel Duckworth, Kay Macpherson, and other leading women in the Canadian peace movement, Franklin brought her scientific experience and knowledge to bear on the work done by VOW.

Records primarily document the activities of VOW in Toronto and Ottawa, but also include coverage of Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, Regina, and Victoria.

General background records on VOW include the 1968 VOW constitution, reports, papers, newsletters, public education literature, news coverage, research, correspondence and general publications on the Canadian peace movement.

VOW submitted numerous briefs to the House of Commons and various federal commissions and committees on a wide range of issues, including military trade agreements, chemical and biological weapons, Star Wars, Canadian-American military cooperation, arms exports, disarmament, energy policy, and bilingualism and biculturalism. Records relating to these briefs, including background material, correspondence, drafts, and the final briefs, can be found in this subseries.

Other activities documented include election advocacy, public education events, peace conferences, meetings, exhibits, and organizational matters. There are also several files document VOW’s work with the Cluff Lake community, in their opposition to a proposed uranium mining development in Northern Saskatchewan in the late 1970s. Records include correspondence, testimonies, background information and news clippings.

There is also significant documentation of tension in the organization in 1962-1963 around the purpose and priorities of VOW. Records here include results from a controversial opinion poll questionnaire sent to members to gather their opinions, and significant correspondence.

Chemical and biological warfare

Subseries consists of records documenting Dr. Franklin’s concerns around chemical and biological warfare/weapons (CBW), as a scientist, a Quaker, and a member of VOW. Subseries includes background material on issues relating to the making, testing and use of chemical poisoning.

According to Dr. Franklin, both Voice of Women and some members of the scientific community were interested in clarifying Canada’s role in this area of research and development, including the role of universities. These groups were also active in public education to achieve a complete banning of research, production, testing and use of such weapons. There are several recurring issues: one is Canada’s official role in the research and testing of chemical weapons, particularly the use, on behalf of her allies, of the test station in Suffield, Alberta. Voice of Women in particular made many attempts to question the use of this large tract of land for testing highly poisonous agents. The Canadian government always responded that their work has been entirely defensive, i.e. the testing of protective clothing for soldiers who might be subjected to chemical attacks. The Canadian government has never attempted to suggest that it could protect civilians or that in fact protection was possible. The storage of small amounts of toxic gases on the grounds of Suffield was never denied, however subsequent inquiries showed that the military found it impossible to actually track down the existing location of their supplies.

Records in this subseries include background material from public sources, as well as unclassified Suffield documents. One of the strong forces in the Canadian scientific community who tried to expose research activities in Canadian universities has been Dr. Arthur Forrer of York University’s Department of Biology. He did much to assess the published papers of staff members from Suffield to ascertain their professional expertise so as to deduce the area of their classified activities.

See also: Relevant tapes can be found in Series 18 (Sound recordings), including the visit of VOW members to Suffield; an interview of Ester McCantiless by Dr. Franklin regarding work at the Suffield military base and recruitment of her students; an interview with chief of the Defence Research Board and Muriel Duckworth and Ursula Franklin; and Dr. Franklin’s recorded thoughts to Ann Gertler re the failure of the Chemical, Biological Warfare Control Workshop.

Research Board and SLOWPOKE Reactor

Subseries consists of correspondence with the Chairs of the University Research Board (1979-1983), regarding university research policy, requests for funds, and a request to Dr. Franklin to serve on a panel regarding particular research proposals.

Subseries also includes minutes from the SLOWPOKE Reactor Committee and the SLOWPOKE Subcommittee on Quality Control and Automation of Data Handling (1986).

Lawsuit

Dr. Franklin was one of a group of retired female faculty members who filed a class action lawsuit against the University of Toronto, for paying women less than men. The lawsuit was settled in 2002 and around 60 retired female faculty members received a pay equity settlement. Files in this subseries contain 2 press clippings on the lawsuit.

China

Subseries consists of records relating to Dr. Franklin’s trip to China for the International Conference of Early Metallurgy, including background and planning material, correspondence, reports, articles, and notebooks. Subseries also contains booklets, postcards and related to various historical sites and artifacts in China.

Research Background

The series reflects the development of a discussion surrounding the findings of Dr. Roots’ research data and notes. The material primarily consists of prints and notes but also contains drafts, papers, figures, correspondence, plate and photographic records, negatives, and notebooks.

Publishing activities

Subseries consists of records relating to Dr. Franklin’s publishing activities. Files include correspondence, requests for work, author agreements, reviews and other records relating to publishing books and articles, rather than the texts themselves.

Chinese black mirrors

Subseries consists of records relating to Dr. Franklin’s research on Chinese black mirrors. Records include data, research, micrographs, reports, papers, manuscript drafts, and correspondence.

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