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University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services Series
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History of nursing and nursing education materials

The manuscripts and publications in this series consist of addresses, manuscripts, reports and theses that were associated with the University of Toronto's nursing program, programs at other institutions, and the broader subject of nursing education generally. Professor Allemang was not the author of any of these documents but was asked to comment on some of them. The arrangement is by author and, where no author exists, by title.

The series begins with an address by Mr. Allway on nursing education at the University of Toronto (1980). It is followed by the first Elsie Stephenson Memorial Lecture delivered by Professor Helen Carpenter at the University of Edinburgh (1973); a draft of a paper by Barbara Craig on the development and managing of nursing archives (1993), other reports on nursing issues by Professors John Crispo of the School of Business (1963), Rosella Cunningham (1972) and Margaret Hume (1978), and Judy Young (1991?). There is also a draft of Dorothy Hill's doctoral thesis from the University of Waterloo (1966), a typescript, 'Report of a study of the psychiatric affiliation' (195-), that Professor Allemang considered significant, and a mimeograph of a health survey report by Marguerite Williams of the City of Toronto (1974). There is also a copy of Celebrate the centenary, 1898-1998, issued by the Toronto Western Hospital Nurses Alumnae Association.

There are two files from individuals seeking Professor Allemang's expertise, with her comments. In 1991 Dorothy Stinson of the University of Alberta sought her input into an introductory bibliography of a course at the University of Alberta, 'Nursing 684: History and politics of nursing'. In 1993 Barbara Sibbald asked her for advice on an article on the current threat to self regulation that she was penning for CAN Today.

Manuscripts, publications, and addresses

This series is a largely complete record of Professor Allemang's writings that, for the most part, resulted in publication. Her literary oeuvre was not a large one, but it contains a number of firsts. Her doctoral thesis was one of the earliest dissertations in clinical nursing and the first such study of Canadian institutions. Her research project in conjunction with Toronto Western Hospital, The experiences of eight cardiac patients during a period of hospitalization in a General Hospital (1960) was the first patient care study of its kind conducted in Canada.


This series contains research files for Professor Allemang's doctoral thesis from the University of Washington in Seattle and the oral history interviews she conducted or directed as a part of her project to record the memories of nursing sisters who had served in World War I and World War II.

The series begins with files of correspondence relating to the researching and writing of her thesis, including the proposal accepted by her supervising committee in 1968 and the report of the thesis reading committee in 1974. She compiled two proposals for the thesis. The first, 'Nursing model based on existentialism', was rejected by her thesis committee while the second, on the history of nursing education in the United States and Canada, was accepted in 1968. The details of both proposals are present, along with the notes associated with her first proposal. These files are followed (in boxes 011 and 012) by the research notes she compiled, primarily on her second proposal, beginning with a number of general files containing notebooks, some of which are titled and which contain, amongst other information, notes on specific chapters of the thesis. These have been left in the order in which they were received.

Beginning with box 013, the research notes have titles (supplied by Professor Allemang herself) on a wide range of topics relating to the history of nursing. The arrangement is alphabetical. Included are notes taken from specific journals such as the American Journal of Nursing and the Canadian Nurse, while many of the files are directly on the pioneering leaders of nursing in the United States and Canada - especially Adelaide M. Nutting - and, of course, Florence Nightingale. Amongst other areas covered are specific Canadian hospitals, broad and specific aspects of medicine, nursing education, the philosophy of history and public health nursing.

There are 17 interviews with the nursing sisters from World Wars I and II, done by Professor Allemang and others. There is more than one draft for some and most are heavily annotated. The arrangement is by war and then alphabetically by name of interviewee. The interviews are not in final format and not all the interviewees are included. (Some of the transcribed interviews were bound and distributed.)

Professional organizations and conferences

This series documents the myriad of activities Professor Allemang was involved in during her long career of promoting nursing history and encouraging academics and researchers. The principal organizations represented here are the American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN), the Canadian Association for the History of Nursing/Association Canadienne pour l'Histoire du Nursing (CAHN/ACHN), the Canadian Nurses Association, on the advisory board of which she sat from 1985-1992; and the Margaret Allemang Centre for the History of Nursing, which she co-founded. The AAHN sponsored an annual conference on the history of nursing, many of which Professor Allemang attended. She co-founded the CAHN with Barbara Keddie from Dalhousie University and organized its first two conferences. It also co-sponsored a periodic International History of Nursing Conference, for which there are files in this series, and organized a series of Hannah lectures funded by the Hannah Institute for the History of Medicine. The Canadian Nurses Association had a number of interest groups under its umbrella, including the Canadian Nursing Research Group, and Professor Allemang sat on its advisory council from 1985 to 1992.

This series also contains files on a number of other health and nursing related organizations in which Professor Allemang was active. One was the Ontario Council of Health where, in the late 1960s, she served on its sub-committee on research in nursing that was chaired by Harding le Riche. Another was the Ontario Society for the History of Nursing, where she was active in its nursing archives survey in the early 1990s. There are also files on a wide range of conferences other than those mentioned above, and on the Elderhostel program in Ontario and the Lambda Pi Chapter, at the University of Toronto, of the Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing.

The material in this series consists primarily of correspondence, legal documents, minutes, memoranda, flyers, conference programs and presentations, newsletters and reports. The arrangement is alphabetical by name of organization.

Administrative and teaching files

This series begins with Professor Allemang's appointment files at the University of Toronto (1959-1960, 1965-2003) and at the University of Washington in Seattle (1964-1965), while she was a doctoral student. There is followed by a file on three theses she supervised and a list of names and addresses she compiled of the members of the Class of 1954 in Nursing at the University of Toronto. The remaining administrative files document a variety of activities in the School (later Faculty) of Nursing. The earliest are Muriel Uprichard's files on the degree course for graduate nurses (1951-1963) and staff seminars from 1952-1953. These are followed by a series of reports, including Irene Saarik's report on the School library (1956), the first Nettie Douglas Fidler Lecture (1963), the report of the Sunnybrook-University of Toronto Nursing Project (1981), and an address by Gail Donner to the Faculty of Nursing Alumni Association (1981).

The last part of the series consists of the surviving files of lecture notes prepared by Professor Allemang. They encompass three courses: 'History and philosophy of nursing', Nursing 401, 'History if ideas about nursing', and Nursing 1005, 'Trends in nursing (education and practice): late nineteenth century to mid-twentieth century'. Included withthis course is notes on a lecture delivered by Jill Conway on 7 February 1974 on the historical development of women's professions. The series ends with a lecture by Professor Allemang presented to Degree IV students in 1981.

The files contain, in addition to lecture notes, some memos, outlines and reading lists.

Research files

These files were assembled by Professor Allin for the writing of her book, Physics of the University of Toronto, 1843-1980 (1981).

Course notes

These files contain the course and lab notes taken by Elizabeth Allin while she was taking post-doctoral studies at Cambridge University in 1933-1934.

Relations with outside groups

Series consists of material related to ASSU’s relationship with other student groups, including those within the University of Toronto (Students’ Administrative Council, Graduate Students’ Union, Association of Part-Time Undergraduate Students, Campus Coalition, etc.) as well as outside (Ontario Federation of Students/Fédération des étudiants L’Ontario, Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance, and other universities). Records include correspondence and meeting minutes documenting ASSU’s collaboration with other student groups, as well as reports, position statements and other material issued independently by other student groups.

Advocacy and initiatives

Series consists of records documenting various issues or initiatives taken up or spearheaded by the ASSU. Especially prominent are the files pertaining to ASSU’s activity surrounding asbestos found in Sidney Smith Hall in the early 1990s and the multiple fee levy referendums conducted by ASSU since its inception in the 1970s. Also included are early renditions of the organization’s constitution, information pamphlets, and newsletters.

Course evaluations

Series consists primarily of course evaluations published by individual course unions, as well as records pertaining to their production. Also included are earlier renditions of course evaluations produced by the Students’ Administrative Council (SAC) and ASSU. Records include published course evaluation booklets, questionnaires, meeting minutes, numerical tabulations, and production and budgetary documents.

Course unions

Series consists primarily of files compiled by individual course unions containing records of their events and activities. It also includes documentation of issues that arose within course unions and with ASSU, including about executive elections and funding. Records include event posters, newsletters, correspondence, meeting minutes and reports.

Resource cards

This is a series of index cards that are colour coded and grouped by country. Most cards contain architectural drawings copied from books but some are hand drawn by Acland. There are also postcards showing buildings and some notes. These were most likely used to organize his research and supplement his lecture notes found in the notebooks.

Course materials and notebooks

This series contains one file of course materials such as outlines, reading lists, lecture schedules for courses Acland taught at various institutions. Courses for the University of Toronto School of Architecture include 2.23 The European Tradition of Framed Building, 2.24 Mediterranean Tradition, 2.26 The House, 2.27 Residential Patterns 222 and 322 History of Architecture.

Acland’s notebooks, which he most certainly used for lectures, document the subject matter of the courses and the way in which Acland organized his lectures. There are eight in total, illustrated with his original sketches.

Conservation work

To a limited degree, the two files making up this series document Acland’s involvement in the Canadian Inventory of Historic Buildings. Included are some inventory forms completed by students in the 1970s, and an article about the project written by Acland and published in Ontario History, Sept. 1971. Photographs most directly related to his conservation work in the Toronto area are found in Series 10.


This series documents two books and one article. The first publication is Building by the Sea, limited edition photographic study of Maritimes architecture with foreword by E.R. Arthur and plates by J.H. Acland published by University of Toronto Press 1962. One large file contains the outline, notes and a photocopy of an early draft. Soon after the two authors published “The Maritimes” in the Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, July 1963. A copy is found in this series. Photographs relating to these two publications can be found in Series 7.

The third publication is Medieval Structure: the Gothic Vault (1972). This work was a culmination of all his research on middle ages architecture. Included is the original publication agreement, some original drawings, and long narrow tabs with rough sketches of the illustration that were being considered for the book. These were most likely used to organize and select the illustrations. A copy of the book has been kept with the papers. For photographs related to this publication see Series 8, 9 and 12.

Box /001 (19) – (22) and /005 for illustrated markers.

Essays, talks and scripts

This series contains draft manuscripts, outlines and related correspondence of talks given by Acland such as “The Medieval House” (1974), and Architecture and “The Arrogant Towers” (1967). Also there are scripts and related correspondence for CBC programs in which Acland was involved including Explorations, Man in a Landscape and A Sense of Place. Some files include slide lists and original drawings.

Biographical file

This series is one file containing a copy of his birth certificate, a C.V., a Fellowship Leave Application, a publication list, and a biography written around 1976. Documents give a good overview of his career and achievements.

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