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University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services Series
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Student papers

This series includes course notes in Physics and Biology taken as an undergraduate student in biology at the University of Toronto as well as graduate course notes, drawings, early draft and final submission of her Masters thesis.

Research notes and laboratory notebooks

These notes document Dr. Scott's research from the time she was a graduate student in the 1930s to the 1970s when she continued the research on hibernation started under Dr. Fisher's direction in the 1960s. Files contain mostly qualitative analysis of data, discussion of research methodology, some references and ideas for future research. There are also bibliographic references both in note book and card index form. Some rough data in files and in notebooks has been selectively retained in this series to show observation methods.

General files have been placed at the beginning of this series and are followed by specific files on research topics including mainly the research on ground squirrels (Spermophilus richardsonii) and eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus). These general files are followed by laboratory notebooks and bibliographic references including two boxes of card indexes.

Symposia and lectures

Files relating to lectures given and symposia attended including Symposium on Mammalian Hibernation (1960 and 1964) and Symposium on Hibernation-Hypothermia (1970, 1971, 1974, 1977 and 1980). Files contain notes on sessions, draft of papers presented by Scott and Fisher. This series also includes a few lectures given by Scott at the Department of Zoology.

Manuscript files

Manuscript files document the research and publishing activities of both Dr. Scott and Dr. Fisher. Apart from drafts of articles many files also contain notes, points of discussion, some original data and data analysis, correspondence regarding publication and referee comments, and results of research not published.

They are identified by the research topic (which usually corresponded to one or two articles) and, since the material is largely undated, files have been dated ca. the date of the published article. It should be noted that much of the contents of the file however will have been created before this date.


Correspondence is mainly with colleagues regarding on-going research and results. Included is some correspondence with Dr. Ken Fisher, Dr. Scott's associate.

Professional activities

This series documents Professor Safarian’s involvement with two organizations, the Canadian-American Committee (1972-1992) and the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (1991-1997).

The files for the Canadian-American Committee begin with membership and executive committee lists (1972-1992) and with correspondence with Edward English, director of research for the Canadian Trade Committee (1962-1965) and with the Canadian-American Committee itself, from the time Professor Safarian was first invited to attend a meeting in 1965 until he formally became a member of its executive committee in 1972. The emphasis in the subsequent correspondence is on committee work, including its product specialization task force and a subcommittee on world product mandate. There are also files containing minutes of confidential meetings for the years 1957, 1980 and 1991-1993. The files on the Canadian-American Committee end with Professor Safarian’s personal notes on the Committee meetings and a file of his expenses.

Professor Safarian resigned from the Canadian-American Committee in September 1993 because of the increased demands of his workload at the University of Toronto in the Centre for Industrial Studies, the Faculty of Management and, especially, the Canadian
Series 3: Professional activities (continued)

Institute for Advanced Research. The bulk of the files on the CIAR date from 1988, though the correspondence regarding appointments dates from 1982. They document Professor Safarian’s involvement with the CIAR’s Economic Growth and Policy Program, dating from its inception in 1988. There are detailed files on most aspects of the Program’s activities, including appointments to it, the work of its advisory committee, Professor Safarian’s relationship with two CIAR presidents, Fraser Mustard (1991-1996) and Stefan Dupré (1996-1997), and with the Program’s directors, Richard Lipsey (1991-1996) and Elhanan Helpman. Professor Safarian maintained general files on Lipsey and Helpman containing correspondence, memoranda, and notes, along with files specifically on Lipsey’s views on focus and development.

These files are followed by others containing correspondence, notes, memoranda, background reports and draft agendas for meetings of the Economic Growth and Policy Program, but not the minutes themselves. The minutes follow in folders labelled by Professor Safarian as “personal minutes/notes”. These files, in turn, are followed by others labelled “interactions among members of executive meetings”; they contain correspondence, memoranda and other commentary on matters being discussed. In all cases, the arrangement is chronological within each grouping.

The next files in this series begin with one on support for the Program by the Canadian Pacific Railway, followed by files on the Program’s Working Papers and Reprint Series, covering the years 1993-2001. The next files document the five year review of the Program (1996), and visits by Lipsey and Safarian to Montreal (1992), the Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) (1994), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris in the autumn of 1994, and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCATD) in Geneva in December-Jaanuary1994/1995.

The series ends with files of presentations by Professor Safarian and/or Elhanan Helpman to the board of the Research Council of the CIAR in 1995 and 1996; presentations by Professor Safarian to the Economic Growth and Policy Program between 1991 and 1994, and four addresses by him on behalf of the Program to outside venues between 1992 and 1995. The files contain correspondence, memoranda, notes and drafts of papers. The arrangement is chronological within each category.


Personal correspondence and some other private exchanges with individuals, covering a variety of issues and activities; numerous letters of reference are included. There is also a file on the seventh Table Ronde d’Économistes France-Canada, held in Paris, France, in 1991 and one on the honorary degree awarded to Arthur E. Child by the University of Toronto in 1984, at which Professor Safarian gave the citation. The files contain, in addition to correspondence, memoranda, notes, and drafts of reports and addresses. The arrangement is chronological and by name of event or individual.

Manuscripts and publications

This series contains covering correspondence and research material for and drafts and/or offprints of articles, chapters of books, and books written by Professor Safarian between 1957 and 1992 that are not included, or are only partially represented, in Accessions B89-0032 and B94-0019. The arrangement of the files is chronological and by title.

The first substantial new addition is the files relating to his 1980 study for the Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce, "National policies towards multinational enterprises: a comparison between the developed market countries."

Except for a single file on Governments and Multinationals (1983) [for drafts of this book see B94-0019, boxes 030 and 031] and several articles published between 1990 and 1992, the remainder of the series documents the research that Professor Safarian undertook for his book, Multinational Enterprise and Public Policy: A study of the industrial countries (1993). The files contain notes about and correspondence with the publisher and with interviewees. There are also notes for tables, data for dependent and independent variables, and summaries, and notes on secondary organization and research, chapter outlines, and on chapters 10 - 12. The research files for and drafts of this book are in B94-0019, boxes 032-040.


This series consists of three files of addresses delivered in 1982, 1984 (repeated in 1985), and 1989 respectively to the British North America Committee in London, the C. D. Howe Institute and the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education in Toronto, and the Department of Political Economy at the University of Geneva. The topics were direct investment in developing countries, Canadian policy towards multinationals, and multinational firms and European integration.

Included in the files is correspondence, notes for, and drafts of the papers presented. The arrangement is chronological.


Professor Safarian was much sought after for his expertise in international trade. When Joe Clark, Secretary of State for External Affairs, established a Canadian National Committee for Pacific Economic Co-operation in 1985, he invited Professor Safarian to be a member. Its purpose was to reflect "Canadian interests in the continuing Conference on Pacific Co-operation", and involved "contributions to the work of PEC Task Forces; attendance at workshops and subsequent Conferences, and arrangements for the Fifth Pacific Co-operation Conference, scheduled to be held in Vancouver on November 16 to 19, 1986."

Safarian had long been recognized as an expert in this field. In 1979 he had been invited to participate in the 10th Pacific Trade and Development Conference in Canberra but, at the last minute, was unable to attend. At the 11th Conference in Seoul the following year, he commented on two of the papers presented. For the next twelve years he participated in a bewildering array of conferences and meetings, largely organized by the Pacific Economic Co-operation (PEC) ["Committee" was usually added later, making it PECC] Task Force Co-ordinators, and for which, in addition to the usual correspondence, programmes, and briefing documents, he kept careful preparatory notes, drafts of papers given, and summary reports where he participated as a discussant.

In 1982, the Japanese Task Force on Direct Foreign Investment for the Pacific Basin Co-operation invited him to be an advisor to provide Canadian input to its Task Force for a seminar to be held in Jakarta in November, 1983. This dovetailed with another invitation to participate in the work of the newly formed Canadian Pacific Co-operation Committee, the purpose of which was to ensure tri-partite response to reports of the PECC Task Forces that were to meet in Bangkok in May, 1983 (Safarian was already a member of Canadian panels associated with that conference). A series of meeting were held in Ottawa to co-ordinate Canadian participation in these events and in the PECC Task Force workshops on Direct Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer and on Trade in Manufactured Goods that met in Tokyo and Seoul respectively in June.

In October, 1984, the PECC held two workshops in Hawaii -- on technology transfers, where Safarian presented a major paper, and on capital flows. Safarian kept copies of other papers presented, along with extensive notes on foreign direct investment in the Pacific Basin.

Working with the Canadian National Committee for Pacific Economic Co-operation, Safarian attended the PECC Conference on Direct Foreign Investment in Bangkok in April, 1986. Subsequent meetings included the 5th PECC Conference in Vancouver in November (at which he presented another paper), the International Seminar on New Technologies held in Rio de Janeiro in January, 1987, and the PECC Trade and Investment Workshop on the Uruguay Round at the end of August. In conjunction with these meetings, Safarian prepared a paper for the CNCPEC on the "improvement of data on foreign direct investment in the Pacific area".

The files for 1988 and 1989 cover the 6th PECC Conference held in Osaka in May, 1988 and Safarian's preparation for and participation in the 3rd Symposium on Pacific Energy Co-operation held in Tokyo in January, 1989. The last files in this series document the 3rd Global Contribution Seminar, held in Tokyo in May, 1992. At these, Professor Safarian either presented formal papers or led discussion groups.


This series consists of records documenting Professor Safarian's employment by the Government of Canada and the Universities of Saskatchewan and Toronto.

The first file contains notes, reports and memoranda relating to Safarian's work at the Dominion Bureau of Statistics between 1950 and 1955, initially with the Foreign Exchange Control Board (1950-1952) and then with the International Trade Bureau. The second file contains a number of documents prepared by Louis Rasminsky between 1943 and 1950 when he was head of the Foreign Exchange Control Board.

These are followed by two files relating to the University of Saskatchewan where Safarian was associate professor in economics (1956-1961) and head of the department (1962-1963). They contain lecture notes and related course material, and correspondence and notes relating to the theses of ten graduate students in the masters program at the University (1959-1963).

At the University of Toronto, Professor Safarian served as Dean of the School of Graduate Studies from 1971 to 1976. His correspondence, notes, memoranda and minutes cover a number of policy issues discussed with President John Evans, including the decision not to appoint John Seeley to the Department of Sociology. There is also a file (1967-1990) relating largely to the final oral examinations of doctoral students at the University of Toronto, and three files of references (1961-1987), arranged alphabetically, for colleagues and former students.

In 1967, Professor Safarian was hired to appraise the proposal by Carleton University to introduce a doctoral studies program in economics. In 1982 the federal Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce invited him to become a member of its Consultative Committee of Experts on National Industrial and Regional Policy which sat throughout the year and early 1983. During the same period, he accepted an invitation from the Ontario Economic Council to become one of two members of its Research Advisory Committee, a body which assisted the Council's Industrial Policy Committee in evaluating research proposals and provided recommendations on methodology as the studies proceeded.

Course notes

Edward Safarian studied economics at the University of Toronto, receiving his BA (hons) in 1946, and did postgraduate work at Berkeley in the late 1940s, obtaining his doctorate in 1956. This series includes a file of term papers (not all his own) for Professor Vincent Bladen's fourth year course in international economics at the University of Toronto in 1945-46, and a portion of his course notes, reading notes, and term papers [others may be found in B94-0019] for his courses at Berkeley between 1946 and 1948. The latter included Economics 202, 216, 290 and 298. Included are some notes for his PhD orals.


This series consists of a single file of correspondence largely of a professional nature. Included are letters relating to the Canadian-American Committee, the Usque Group, requests to give seminars, and ideas and writings in economics. The arrangement is chronological.

Manuscripts and publications

Dr. Safarian's doctoral thesis on the Canadian economy in the Great Depression was his first major publication. It was published in 1958, two years after its completion. Articles and books began to appear earlier, in 1952, and he has maintained an impressive publication record since then. His writings have concentrated on the relationship of the Canadian economy to those of other countries, primarily through analyses of theories of foreign investment and ownership, and multinational enterprise. He has written or co-authored eleven books, contributed chapters to a dozen books, and has had over fifty papers published in academic and other journals.

Most of the files in this series contain drafts of his writings, with covering correspondence and reviews.  A selection of research material for his latest book, Multinational Enterprise and Public Policy (1993), has been preserved.


This series is a compilation of addresses, speeches and talks given by Dr. Safarian at public and academic functions over a period of nearly four decades. They document Dr. Safarian's chief concerns of foreign investments, national management policies and multinational corporations.

The files contain drafts of addresses, addresses, notes, research materials and press clippings. Arrangement is chronological. Some of the addresses were originally created as subject files by Dr. Safarian.

Conferences, colloquia and symposia

This series outlines Dr. Safarian's attendance over a twenty year span at and participation in conferences, symposia and colloquia related to economic issues. Notable amongst these are the Canada-Mexico Colloquium sponsored by El Colegio de Mexico at Oaxtepac, Mexico (1967), and the Seventh World Congress of the International Economic Association held in Madrid in 1983. The series illustrates Dr. Safarian's range of economic interests as well as his contact with contemporary economists and agencies.

It consists primarily of correspondence, agendas, announcements, conference papers and reports, including some delivered by Dr. Safarian himself.  Arrangement is by title of conference.  Most are subject files that he created.

Professional activities

Dr. Safarian belonged to a large number of academic and professional associations and was a member of or a consultant to a number of provincial and federal commissions and committees.

The files in this series contain correspondence, notes, reports, press releases, articles, briefs, and press clippings relating to his activities. The arrangement is chronological by the name of the organization.

Employment files (Universities of Saskatchewan and Toronto)

Dr. Safarian accepted a position as associate professor in the Department of Economics and Political Science at the University of Saskatchewan in 1956. In January, 1962 he was promoted to the position of full professor and head of the Department. In addition to administrative matters, there are files on the introduction of medicare (1962) and the James Coyne affair (1960).

In 1966 he left for the Department of Political Economy at the University of Toronto, where he served as the last head (1976-1982) before its reorganization. Thereafter, he remained on the staff of the Department of Economics until his retirement in 1989. From 1971 to 1976 he was Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. Following his retirement and appointment as Professor Emeritus, he became a professor of business economics in the Faculty of Management.

The records in this series cover the years of his academic career. They are comprised of correspondence, memoranda, notes, reports, programs, relating to administrative matters, to teaching duties, and to research activities.

Employment (miscellaneous)

The records in this series document Dr. Safarian's employment outside the University of Saskatchewan where he taught from 1956 to 1966 and the University of Toronto where he as been since then.

From 1950 to 1955, Dr. Safarian was employed in the International Trade Division of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics in Ottawa. In the summer of 1956 he joined the research staff of the Royal [Gordon] Commission on Canada's Economic Prospects. He also served as a consultant to federal and provincial governments; documented here is his work during the summer of 1980 with the Department of Industry, Trade and Commerce in Ottawa on a comparative study of foreign investment studies.

Dr. Safarian's academic activities extended well beyond the Universities of Saskatchewan and Toronto. Between 1963 and 1980, he taught courses during ten sessions at the Banff School of Advanced Management. During sabbatical and research leave in 1976-1977 and 1981-1982 he was Visiting Research Professor in the Faculty of Law and Economics at the University of Nice.

Course notes

Edward Safarian entered University College at the University of Toronto in the autumn of 1942. In second year he transferred to the honours program in political science and graduated with a BA (hons.) degree in 1946. The professors who taught him included Donald Creighton, Alexander Brady, Harold Innis, C. B. MacPherson, Lorne Morgan, Lawrence Skeoch, Edward Hodgetts, William R. Dymond and R. MacGregor Dawson.

He "kept his scholarships in spite of serving on the executives of the `Lit' [University College Literary and Athletic Society], the Political Science and Historical Clubs".

Following graduation in 1946, Safarian headed for the University of California at Berkeley, from where he graduated with a PhD in economics in 1956. The interest in international economics that he had acquired as an undergraduate was emphasized in his studies at Berkeley, where his professors in economics, business, and international finance and trade included M. Knight, H. Ellis, W. Fellner, R. A. Gordon, and Drs. Condliffe and Buchanan. While there, he was a teaching fellow and then head teaching fellow in economics and statistics.

This series consists, at the undergraduate level, largely of course notes taken at lectures and seminars, notes on readings for same, term papers, examination schedules and questions. Additional material at the graduate level includes notes for Safarian's doctoral thesis, correspondence, and lecture notes for courses in economics and statistics he taught while a teaching fellow.


This series encompasses four decades of Dr. Edward Safarian's professional correspondence. It covers his relationships with numerous professional associations and a range of professional activities including correspondence with publishers, academic colleagues and government agencies. The broad time frame of the series begins with Safarian's leaving graduate studies at the University of California for the Dominion Bureau of Statistics in Ottawa, his tenure as a professor at the University of Saskatchewan, and his later teaching and administrative activities at the University of Toronto. In addition, it illustrates his wide network of connections with universities across North America and around the world.

The bulk of the series is arranged chronologically by year. Following the chronological arrangement, there is a file of "personal" correspondence. This is followed by a grouping of professional correspondence arranged by Safarian according to specific subjects. Most relate to his ongoing interest in foreign investment in Canada and to the controversy surrounding the publication of The Struggle for Canadian Universities, edited by Robin Matthews and James Steele.

Some of this correspondence is in the nature of postcards and telegrams, and accompanying certain letters are notes, addresses, reports, and programmes.

University of Toronto

At the time of his appointment as full professor in 1968, Prof. Russell was also appointed as Acting Principal of Innis College. He was appointed principal in 1971 for a period of 5 years. He was also Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of Political Science from 1987-1993.

Records from accession B2005-0001 in this series document these appointments. In addition to these official administrative duties, this series also documents his involvement in other campus committees such as the December Study Group, an informal association of faculty members which met to discuss ‘matters of common interest’ among which was the development of academic programs in the Faculty of Arts and Science. Its first meeting was held in December, 1965. The establishment of this group coincided with the expected growth of enrolment at the University of Toronto during next few years. Included in this file is their response to the MacPherson Committee (the Presidential Advisory Committee on Undergraduate Instruction in the Faculty of Arts and Science) in 1967. Other files include the Library Users Committee (1965), the U of T Residence Plan (1959-1961).

Records from B2017-0006 and B2019-0008 in this series further document Prof. Russell’s involvement in various UofT committees, such as the Manuscript Advisory Committee for the University of Toronto Press, the Group on Indigenous Government, the Project Planning Committee for the Seniors Centre, and the Faculty Club.

University of Toronto Faculty Association

Series consists of records documenting Prof. Russell’s involvement with the University of Toronto Faculty Association where he served on multiple committees. Records document constitutional reviews, various negotiations with the UofT, discussions regarding mandatory retirement and the activity of the Executive Council. Files include meeting minutes and agendas, correspondence, notes and background material, and memorandum.

Churchill Society for the Advancement of Parliamentary Democracy

Series consists of material documenting Prof. Russell’s activity within the Churchill Society for the Advancement of Parliamentary Democracy. From 2001 to 2003, Russell served as Chair of the organization and, in 2017, he continues his participation on the Board of Directors. Material documents a range of functions within these roles including surveys of members, event planning, and the activities of the Statue Committee. Records include meeting minutes, correspondence, planning documentation and reports.

Professional activities and addresses

Files included from accession B2005-0001 within this series document Prof. Russell’s activities in various conferences and associations both nationally and internationally. Prof. Russell’s level of involvement ranged from regular membership activities to participating in various committees, presenting papers, and conference planning. He was also the subject of “Ideas in Action: a conference (essays) on politics and law in honour of Peter Russell” sponsored by Innis College, University of Toronto in 1996. Also documented in this series is Prof. Russell’s involvement with the Royal Society of Canada, primarily as Co-Foreign Secretary from 1996-2001, and as President of the Canadian Political Science Association during 1990 and 1991. Files contain correspondence, notes, minutes of meetings, manuscripts of papers, reports, and other material.

Files included in this series from the accession B2017-0006 and B2019-0008 document Prof. Russell’s professional activity, primarily representing addresses and presentations given. These cover a period from the mid-1990s to the late 2010s. The series also documents some administrative functions including conference organization.

Consulting and public service

In addition to his academic responsibilities at the University of Toronto, Prof. Russell was in demand for his expertise and advice in a number of areas, particularly surrounding aboriginal rights. Sub-series 5.1 (Subject files and correspondence) documents Prof. Russell’s consultation work in a number of areas and with a range of organizations, governmental bodies and initiatives. Five individual initiatives are represented in the remaining sub-series:
5.2: Dene Southern Support Group
5.3: Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
5.4: Ipperwash Inquiry
5.5: Deh Cho Files
5.6: Nepal

See sub-series descriptions for additional detail.

Correspondence – Individuals

This series relates closely to Series 3, but reflects the original arrangement of the personal records of Prof. Russell. This series consists of two subseries: correspondence in separate files by name of correspondent and letters of reference for former students and colleagues both nationally and internationally. Correspondents include, among others, Donald Smiley, Peter Jull, Eugene Forsey, Ian Greene, Justice D.C. McDonald, Ann Rees, Denis Stairs, James Thomson, James Tully, and Frances Widdowson.

Correspondence – General

This major series within the fonds documents Prof. Russell’s academic career at the University of Toronto. Correspondence consists mainly of incoming letters from University of Toronto faculty, colleagues, judges, provincial and federal politicians, editors, students, and friends, discussing mostly professional and academic activities relating to teaching, research and publications. This series begins during his period as Associate Professor in the Department of Political Economy and includes correspondence relating to his such activities as research fellowship at Harvard University, acting principal and later principal of Innis College, visiting professorship at Makerere University in Uganda, visiting fellowships at Osgoode Hall, York University, Australian National University, and European University Institute, Fiesole, Italy. Correspondents include Bob Rae, Martin Friedland, Stefan Dupré, James Lorimer, Meric Gertler, and Justice D.C. McDonald.

This series also includes some correspondence relating to Prof. Russell’s role as director of research for the Royal Commission of Inquiry into Certain Activities of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, (McDonald Commission). This commission was established in 1977 following allegations of crimes by the RCMP Security Service.

Early education

In 1955, Peter Russell entered Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar (Ontario). This series contains only class notebooks compiled by Prof. Russell while a student in the Bachelor of Arts programme between 1955-1957. Notes are mainly relating to course in political theory, labour and industrial relations.


Series consists of Prof. Russell’s commentary and appearances in the media. Material includes opinion pieces, editorials, and responses to a number of national issues including the prorogation of Parliament (2008-2009), minority governments, nuclearization, the long-gun registry, and judicial appointments. Series also includes records related to interviews given on television and radio in both Canada and Australia.


This series contains files relating to grant applications and research materials produced for some of the books and other publications Prof. Russell has undertaken.

Included are files relating to research funding for Supreme Court of Canada, Canadian judicial system, constitutional politics in Canada and Australia, as well as various subject files containing notes, correspondence, statistical data, and press clippings. Among the areas of research are the Sudan, judicial appointments and independence, Australian judge, Walter Murphy, Pierre Trudeau, books such as The Administration of Justice in Uganda: Some Problems and Proposals, Constitutional Odyssey and Recognizing Aboriginal Title: The Mabo Case and Indigenous Resistance to English-Settler Colonialism.


Prof. Russell taught several courses in political science at both the undergraduate and graduate level at the University of Toronto beginning with his appointment as lecturer in 1958. Additionally, he taught courses outside the University at institutions such as the Royal Canadian Air Force College (1964-1968) and Makerere University College in Uganda, as well as through the Learning to Live in Retirement courses. This series contains correspondence with students as well as lecture notes, course outlines, reading lists, and correspondence with University administration and co-instructors such as Bob Rae. Of particular interest may be POL 299Y, a research directed seminar conducted in 1995-1996 relating to Prof. Russell’s research on the Mabo case for his book Recognizing Aboriginal Title: The Mabo Case and Indigenous Resistance to English-Settler Colonialism (2006).


In addition to publishing in academic journals and within the press, Prof. Russell has also authored and edited numerous books, beginning in 1965 with the publication of Leading Constitutional Decisions. Written primarily for the lay person requiring access to leading judicial decisions on the B.N.A. Act, this first book established Prof. Russell’s reputation as a leading expert in Canadian constitutional development. This series also includes later publications such as the 2006 book, Recognizing Aboriginal Title: The Mabo Case and Indigenous Resistance to English-Settler Colonialism (2006), and Canada’s Odyssey: A Country Based on Incomplete Conquests (2017). This series contains manuscripts, correspondence, and notes for twenty-one of these publications, in addition to correspondence to and from publishers.

Articles, reviews, published addresses and referee comments

This series contains records documenting Prof. Russell’s extensive production of both published and unpublished works including articles, papers, reviews, informal talks and addresses. Published articles were produced primarily for scholarly journals and document his specialized knowledge on Canada’s Supreme Court, the Charter of Rights and Canadian constitution, aboriginal rights both in Canada and Australia, commentaries for national media such as the Toronto Star and Globe and Mail, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).

Talks and addresses from accession B2005-0001 include his speeches on receiving honorary degrees at University of Guelph (1998) and University of Toronto (2001) as well as invited talks to private business such as the Canadian Club, Royal Trust, Toronto Club, as well as universities and other academic institutions in Canada and abroad.

Also included are his commentaries as referee for various manuscripts submitted by other writers for publication. Files predominantly contain drafts of manuscripts, notes, and correspondence, as well as photocopies of related materials.

Associations for Retired Academics and Librarians

Series consists of records documenting Prof. Russell’s work with two organizations presented in the following sub-series: The College of Universities Retiree Association and Canada (CURAC) (Sub-series 10.1) and the Retired Academics and Librarians of the University of Toronto (RALUT) (Sub-series 10.2). Please see sub-series descriptions for additional detail.

Personal and biographical

Files in accession B2005-0001 contain correspondence with family, friends, and colleagues received by Prof. Russell over more than four decades. Unlike the other series of correspondence described below, the contents of letters, cards and notes is more familiar and personal in nature and generally deals with non-professional activities such as trips, seasonal greetings, family matters, neighborhood and church activities, activities of friends and colleagues. Early correspondence discusses his appointment to the University of Toronto as lecturer (1958) correspondence with Oxford University regarding the M.A. exams, and appointment as assistant professor (1965). Some copies of Prof. Russell’s replies are included with incoming letters. Topics among the subject files include the Bathurst/St. Clair Task Force, Hillcrest Neighborhood Resources, Ontario Liberal Association, University Settlement, and Wychwood Park.

Files in accessions B2017-0006 and B2019-0008 contain records related to the personal life of Prof. Russell. Material covers awards received, family vacation property (Minnicog Company of Jarvises), family reunions, memorial addresses and services for colleagues, personal essays, and a convocation address.

Research files

These files consist of correspondence, notes, photographs and negatives, articles used for research, and drafts of manuscripts relating to Professor Rouillard's ongoing research about the Turks in French history, thought, and literature.


This series includes copies of “The Iron Ring”, a private publication for the Camp Wardens, printed as a kind of historical primer and general information circular. There is also a clipping file of publicity concerning the Ritual, correspondence regarding the various publications, and a printed musical score for a composition by Alice Roger Collins, to the text of the poem “The Sons of Martha” by Rudyard Kipling, dedicated to the “engineering profession”.
Accession B1995-0040 includes additional publicity clippings, more recent editions of “The Iron Ring”, a Manual of Camp Procedures and mark ups for a collection of Kipling poems. Accession B2009-0029 includes a copy of the reprinted Twenty Poems by Rudyard Kipling, issue no.8 of “The Iron Ring”, The Manual of Camp Procedure (1988), various articles and publicity concerning the Canadian postage stamp honouring the 75th anniversary of the creation of the Ritual, issued in April 2000.

History of the ritual

Although a large range of material is covered in this series, most of the documents within it were created circa 1950. Those documents from earlier are often pulled together for the purposes of Brickett’s “Summary of Information” concerning the Ritual of the Calling of an Engineer, which was completed in 1952. Series 8 also includes copies of the history prepared by the Corporation of the Seven Wardens, printed in 1950, to which Haultain objected on the basis of its perceived inaccuracies. There are copious notes in this series regarding his objections. The series also includes peripheral material related to Brickett’s history, such as copies of the detailed indices (see B1982-0023/017(09)) she prepared for her rearrangement of the Kipling Ritual documents. The series also includes numerous copies of arranged early correspondence, which assemble together the multiple threads of communication between the early creators of the Kipling Ritual. Accession B2009-0029 contains a single file of a remembrance essay by Robert J. Marshall concerning his early involvement with the Iron Ring ceremony.

Expansion of the ritual

The series contains primarily correspondence with Camps Two through Nine, much of it dealing with the matter of verifying candidate credentials from different jurisdictions. There is also some correspondence of a social nature related to the establishment of authorities and Camp Wardens in new jurisdictions. The system of record keeping by Camp appears to have stopped in 1954, after which correspondence pertaining to the Camps may be found in the individual correspondence files in series 5. Arrangement is by Camp number, followed by the records pertaining to discussions of expanding the Ritual to the United Kingdom, India and the United States.

Camp Ten records pertain to a proposed camp in Ottawa, which was never established. Camp Ten, when it was established, became the camp for the Université Laval in Québec City in 1956. Camp Twelve was established by Carleton University in Ottawa in 1958. The B1995-0040 accession includes one file of material, from 1978-1987, related to the expansion of the “Links” programme of the Order of the Engineer organization, based in the United States. The records for Camp Five contain an example of an early iron ring.

Results 301 to 350 of 1624