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University of St. Michael's College, John M. Kelly Library, Special Collections Zola Research Programs fonds
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Zola Research Programs fonds

  • CA ON00389 F17
  • Fonds
  • 1873-2008

Fonds consists of documents relating to the Zola Research Program and the publication of the 10 volume "Émile Zola Correspondance" series, including project files, inventories, reference materials, photocopies of Émile Zola’s correspondence and other documents related to the project. The project files contained in this fonds document the development and activities of the Zola Research Program. Project files records include inventories of various letters, funding information, budgetary forms, donor agreements, publicity documents and summaries of the project written both by external entities (newspapers) and internal figures (members of the Program staff). Also included are supplementary documents that were collected to create a broader contextual framework. Each letter is be supported with annotations and background information on the correspondents, events or people discussed in the letters as well as the social and political state of France during the 19th century. While the collection of letters by Zola was the primary mandate of the project, along the way the Program collected a vast number of reference materials to broaden the perspective. This fonds contains the off-prints, various documents (both collected by Zola and collected by the Zola Research Program about various 19th century figures) and bibliographies. Books collected by the Program are now the basis of the Émile Zola Collection in the Rare Book Collection of Kelly Library.

The correspondence is composed mostly of photocopies of handwritten letters, post cards, cartes de visites, telegrams and typed transcriptions of letters. The correspondence is a mixture of professional and personal letters that discuss various matters from the publication of Zola’s main works to the birth of his children. It is clear from the various handwritings and documentation styles that multiple figures were involved in the processing of the letters. However, as a Research Associate and long-term member of the team, Dorothy Speirs was the primary figure creating, processing and cross-referencing the letters. This can be seen through the presence of her initials on most of the documents. Additionally, as Project Archivist Hélène Issayevitch organized the letters and maintained the record-keeping practices throughout. It is important to note that after the dissolution of the Zola Research Program in 1995, Speirs continued collecting reference materials and adding them to the collection. As a result, there are a number of documents contained within that extend outside the dates of the Program. The result of this continued research is an additional publication completed in 2008, in association with Owen Morgan.

This collection remains the largest repository of Émile Zola’s letters available in North America. In recent years, the descendants of Zola have divided the estate, including the letters, resulting in a dispersal of the documents. This collection represents the largest single collection of Zola’s letters that is accessible and open to the public. Additionally, this fonds contains a fountain of information on key figures in the Naturalist Movement of the 19th century, as well as other well-known artists, scholars, intellectuals and political and social figures, including J.K. Huysmans, Edmond de Goncourt, Gustave Flaubert, Édouard Manet, Alfred Bruneau, Paul Alexis, Henry Céard, Léon Hennique, and Guy de Maupassant - all of which can be found either through personal discussions in the letters or supplementary documentation. The hidden value in this fonds lies in the plethora of reference resources that are available. The fonds also houses a vast number of off-prints that explore various aspects of Zola’s life as well as the broader Naturalist community of the 19th century. Some other significant pieces include original 19th century illustrated theatrical pamphlets from the Théâtre Libre, various original newspaper clippings and original letters by Émile Zola, Alexandrine Zola, Paul Alexis and Jules Claretie.

Fonds is arranged into 6 series:

1) Project Files series: consists of a variety of records that document the development of the project over the years, including funding information, publicity and marketing documents, donor agreements, budgetary forms and some correspondence amongst various scholars.

2) Letters by Zola series: consists of photocopies of letters written by Zola between 1856 and 1902. This series also contains an original letter by Émile Zola, dated June 22, 1890 (File #107).

3) Letters to Zola series: contains photocopies of letters written to Zola between 1858 and 1902. This series also contains an original letter by Alexandrine Zola to Émile Zola, dated May 27, 1890 (File #248).

4) Letters by Contemporaries series: consists of photocopies of letters sent between Zola’s family and contemporaries. This series contains an original letter from Paul Alexis to Léon Hennique, dated September 19, 1887 (File #420).

5) Collected and Reference Material series: contains photocopies of documents about the project and the various correspondents in the fonds (documents written by or about Émile Zola, documents about his family and correspondents, off-prints of works written about Émile Zola and naturalism, project inventories of letters and bibliographies). Series contains a variety of original documents including newspapers and theatrical pamphlets.

6) Alphabetical Index Forms series: consists of biographical and contextual information on correspondents of Émile Zola, figures mentioned in the letters, or the main journals for which he wrote.

Zola Research Program

Files: 1570-1577

These files consist of a bibliography of works written by Zola, including compilations of his works as well as
translations and updated editions. It is unclear when the document was compiled, however dates of
publication of items included on the list indicate that compilation occurred after the dissolution of the Zola
Research Program. Dorothy Speirs continued adding reference materials to the collection, and it is likely that
this bibliography was included in this process. Pages 187-222 are missing from the document, resulting in
works starting with “A” missing.
The document has been arranged into 8 separate sections, listed below:
1) Oeuvres completes
2) Collected editions of the novels
3) Individual works by title
4) Electronic publications
5) Selected works
6) Correspondence
7) Divers
8) Prefaces

Files: 1684-1801

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Colet to Hennique. Key
correspondents in these files include Numa Coste, Fernand Desmoulin, Louis Desprez, Edmond Duranty,
Gustave Flaubert, Edmond de Goncourt, Antoine Guillemet and Léon Hennique.

Files: 1578-1683

These files consist of biographical cards for various 19th century journals and correspondents with surnames
About to Coedes. Key correspondents in these files include Edmond About, Paul Alexis, the Aubert family
(Zola’s mother’s family), Saint-Georges de Bouhélier, Alfred Bruneau, Henry Céard, Paul Cézanne, Georges
Charpentier, and Jules Claretie. The journal index cards differ slightly from the biographical cards. The journal cards include information on the beginning and ending of publication, directors (main editors), nature of the
journal, its political orientation, collaborators and its role in Zola’s career.

Files: 1905-2023

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Nadar to Zola. Key
correspondents in these files include Nadar, Auguste Rodin, Marius Roux, the Solari family, Gabriel Thyébaut,
Gustave Toudouze, Antony Valabrègue, Alexandrine Zola, and Zola’s mother and father (François and Émilie
Zola).

Files: 1802-1904

These files consist of biographical cards for correspondents with surnames Henriques to Murger. Key
correspondents in these files include Joris-Karl Huysmans, the Laborde family (Amélie, Albert, Elina),
Édouard Manet, Louis Margery, Guy de Maupassant and Octave Mirbeau.

Files: 1352-1427

These files consist of off-prints, articles and chapters from books relating to Émile Zola and/or Naturalism
written by authors with surnames Tabarant to Varndoe. The publication dates for works contained in these
files range from 1876 to 1993. Recurring scholars include René Tournois, Clive Thomson and Akira
Tsuneoka. Most of the works contained in these files are written in French or English, however there are some
pieces written in Japanese.

Files: 1227-1279

These files consist of articles, chapters from books and off-prints relating to Émile Zola and/or Naturalism
written by authors with surnames Sanders to Scott. The dates of works published in these files range from
1891 to 1991. Recurring scholars include J.B. Sanders, Rita Schober and Naomi Schor. File #1268 contains an
original 1891 article by Aurélien Scholl, titled “L’Amant de sa femme."

Files: 1428-1491

These files consist of chapters from books, articles and off-prints that discuss Émile Zola and/or Naturalism
written by authors with surnames Vaughn to Wierenga. The publication dates for works contained in these
files range from 1873-1996. Recurring scholars include Robert M. Viti, Philip Walker, Rodolphe Walter and
Henry Weinberg.

Files: 1492-1543

These files consist of chapters from books, off-prints and articles written about Émile Zola and/or Naturalism
written by authors with surnames Wilson to Zolling. The publication dates for works contained in these files
range from 1878 to 1994. Recurring authors include Nelly Wilson, Albert Wolff, Geoff Woolen, Alexandre
Zevaes and Liugia Zilli.

Files: 1559-1569

These files consist of a bibliography of works written about Émile Zola between 1864 and 1981. Although
not indicated on the document itself, the original folder identified D. Baguley as the compiler of the
document. Other materials in this fonds indicate that David Baguley was head of a project out of the Western
University (then University of Western Ontario) in the 1970s to compile an international bibliography of all
existing works written about Zola. It is likely that the bibliography included in this sub-series is an updated
version of this project. The document has been divided by year, with distinctions made between types of
publication (book or article). Publications in this document are mostly French and English, however there are
other languages present as well. The years 1896-1899 and 1922-1930 are missing from this document. This
bibliography is also available online and Baguley has continued updating it in recent years (it can be found at http://www.cahiers-naturalistes.com/baguley.htm).

Files: 1280-1351

These files consist of off-prints, articles and chapters from books that pertain to Émile Zola and/or
Naturalism written by authors with surnames Sederberg to Symons. The publication dates for works contained
in these files range from 1891 to 1997. Recurring authors include Masakazu Shimizu, Dolorès Signori,
Dorothy Speirs and Halini Suwala. Most of the works in these files are written in French or English, however
Shimizu’s works are written in Japanese. File #1291 contains an original article by Severine, published in 1898
and titled "Notes d’une frondeuse - Liste de suspects."

Files: 1544-1558

These files consist of inventories created by the Zola Research Program between the years of 1975 and 1991.
The inventories are a mixture of handwritten and typed, with various additions and annotations present. In
particular, the inventories documenting the Collection Le Blond Zola have very interesting ways of organizing
letters sent to Zola based on various information including author, content of letter or reference of Zola’s
work and country from which the letter was sent. These inventories are documenting the early years of the
program, as they developed more advanced systems of record keeping later on. As a result, most of the
inventories in these files were created in 1975 and 1976. There are also an extensive number of inventories in
the second half of the box that were used for cross-checking between the two teams. These inventories were
divided into years by the Zola Research Program staff, and a letter between Hélène Issayevitch and Collette
Morin-Laborde dates them to 1991. There is also an inventory of Letters by Contemporaries sent amongst
Zola’s family members (corresponds with letters in Boxes 54 and 55), which have been arranged by
correspondent.

Files: 698-742

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, newspaper and academic articles and chapters from books
that discuss Émile Zola and/or Naturalism that have been written by authors with the surnames Bedo to
Hemmings. The dates of publication in these files range from 1900 to 1994. Key scholars in these files include
Saint-Georges de Bouhélier and Pedro Calheiros. These files include a number of original documents by SaintGeorges
de Bouhélier, with dates ranging from 1908-1938 (in Files #713-717, #719) and three newspapers:
Comœdia (dated 1908, in File #728), Le Figaro (dated 1927, in File #736) and La Feuille Litteraire (dated 1913, in
File #737).

Files: 943-1006

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints and chapters from books that focus on either Émile
Zola or Naturalism written by authors with the surname Niederstenbruch to Page. The dates of publication
for material in these files range from 1898 to 1994. Recurring scholars include Robert J. Niess and Kazuo
Ozaki. There are articles written in French, English, Italian, Japanese and Russian in these files.

Files: 1158-1226

These files consist of off-prints, newspaper and academic articles, and chapters from books that pertain to
Émile Zola and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Rigaud to Salvan. The dates of the works
published in these files range from 1886 to 1998. Recurring authors include Guy Robert, Edouard Rod, Sergio
Sacchi, Murry Sachs and A.J. Salvan.

Files: 645-697

These files consist of off-prints, articles, and chapters from books that pertain to Émile Zola or Naturalism
that have been written by authors with surnames Adamo to Becker. These files also contain anonymous
articles and one file (#643) that contains articles that are to be categorized. The dates of the works range from
1892 to 1995. The files within have been arranged alphabetically by surname with each work possessing its
own folder. Recurring scholars include Auriant and Colette Becker.

Files: 1082-1139

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Pia to Rienzo. The dates of publication for material in
these files range from 1868 to 1991. Recurring scholars include V.S. Pritchett, Madeleine Reberioux and
Theodore Reff. These files also contain three original documents: an article written by Gaston Picard,
published in 1927 (in File #1085); one La Presse newspaper clipping, published in 1897 (in File #1102); and
one Revue de l’art Pour Tous newspaper clipping, published in 1904 (in File #1144).

Files: 874-942

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters of books that pertain to Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with the surnames Nelson to Newton. The dates of publication range
from 1951 to 2004. Joy Newton dominates these files with over 60 articles, however other recurring authors
include Brian Nelson and William Newton.

Files: 1007-1081

These files consist of photocopies of articles, off-prints, and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with surnames Pagès to Peyrot. The dates of publication for material in
these files range from 1858 to 2001. Recurring scholars in these files include Alain Pagès, Allan Pasco, and
Sandy Petrey

Files: 743-801

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters from books that relate to Émile Zola or
Naturalism written by authors with the surnames Iwabuchi to Mitterand. The dates of publication range from
1897 to 2001. Recurring scholars include Gian-Carlo Menichelli, Elise Michel and Henri Mitterand. There are
also multiple booklets written in Japanese in these files.

Files: 802-873

These files consist of photocopies of off-prints, articles and chapters from books that discuss Émile Zola
and/or Naturalism written by authors with the surname Mitterand to Nardi. The dates of publication range
from [1894] to 2001. Recurring authors include Henri Mitterand and Owen Morgan.

Files: 629-644

These files consist of articles and research materials compiled and written about the correspondents from the
Letters by Contemporaries series. Types of documents found in these files include various certificates
(including, marriage, death, professional/honorary), photographs, booklets or journal articles written about the
figure, as well as examples of their own work (poems, newspaper articles, etc). Key correspondents in these
files include Henry Céard, Alphonse Daudet, Louis Desprez, Paul Alexis and Alfred Bruneau. There are also
files on various other events including the commission of the Statue of Balzac and diverse matters. There are a
number of original pieces in these files including a program celebrating Henry Becque (dated May 31, 1904, in
File #640), an albumen print (dated 1898, in File #641), and a pamphlet discussing loans of the Government
of Egypt (dated 1873, in File #644)

Files: 581-601

These files consist of photocopies of documents pertaining to Émile Zola’s personal and professional life.
There are six broad categories in these files:

  1. Obituaries: This file (#581) contains various death notices and announcements for Zola, including 16
    original newspaper clippings with dates ranging from 1902-1904. This file also contains some
    documents regarding anniversaries of Zola’s life and death.
  2. Theatre: These files (#582-590) consist of documents relating to theatre productions of Zola’s novels,
    with particular focus on L’Assommoir, Germinal, Les Mystères de Marseille, Nana, Renée and Thérèse Raquin.
    The file on Théâtre Libre contains 5 original pamphlets and 2 booklets about Zola’s theatrical
    productions, dating from 1888-1904.
  3. Zola Today: These files (#591-592) contain photocopies of newspaper clippings and articles that
    document current tensions and issues arising around Zola, with particular focus on the sale of the
    J’Accuse manuscript in 1987.
  4. Zola and the Dreyfus Affair: These files (#593-594) consists of photocopies of handwritten and
    newspaper articles that explore Zola’s participation in the Dreyfus Affair from a non-French
    perspective (many English articles, as well as articles exploring the responses of various other countries
    • Germany and Russia, to name a couple). As well there is a catalog from the Beitler Family
      Foundation that held an exposition for the 100th anniversary of Zola’s involvement in the Affair.
  5. Zola and England: These files (#595-600) contain photocopies of newspaper clippings, articles and
    documents mostly pertaining to the development of the Émile Zola Society in 1990, as well as
    photocopies of handwritten documents donated to the Society by J.C. Burr and Chantal Morel. These
    files also contain photographs documenting the tracking of Zola’s experience in England by the Émile
    Zola Society and Zola’s descendants.
  6. Zola and La Société des gens de lettres: This file (#600) contains a listing of days upon which Zola
    attended meetings between 1891 and 1897.
    Similar to the other boxes in this sub-series, these documents were likely collected to provide context and
    material for the annotations of the published letters. This box in particular also represents some research into
    Zola’s influence in the modern world, the world in which the Zola Research Program was participating and
    adding research and knowledge.

Files: 602-628

These files consist of articles and research materials compiled by and written about the correspondents from
the Letters by Contemporaries series. Types of materials that can be found include photocopies of birth,
marriage and death certificates, some works written by them as well as photocopies of photographs. Key
correspondents in these files include various family members (Alexandrine Zola, Georges Loiseau and Dr.
François Émile-Zola), as well as other professional correspondents (such as Theodore Stanton, Ernest
Vizetelly, Saint-Arroman and Georges Charpentier) and personal correspondents (including Léon Hennique,
Jacques van Santen Kolff, Léona Queyrouze and Dr. Édouard Toudouze).

Files: 510-537

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten manuscripts, published material and typed transcriptions of
manuscripts and other documents pertaining to Zola’s works written between 1866 and 1952. The files within
have been arranged alphabetically by title of works, starting with Angeline and finishing with Vérité. These files
document some of Zola’s thought process and brainstorming when writing his books and short stories.
Germinal and Une Page d’amour contain extensive (though not complete) photocopies of manuscripts written in
Zola’s hand.

Files: 538-563

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and published materials that relate to Émile Zola. There are
three broad categories represented in these files:

  1. Bibliographies: These files (#538-539) discuss various translations of Zola’s works into other
    languages as well as an examination of the events and works written about the Dreyfus Affair.
  2. Biographies: These files (#540-551) consist of works that discuss and explore Zola’s life from a variety
    of perspectives, including works by his son and daughter, notes by Henry Céard and Marius Roux,
    photocopies of his marriage certificate and notice of death, as well as a family tree drawn by Jacques
    Émile-Zola (Zola’ son).
  3. Critiques: The Critiques files (#552-563) consist of articles and documents critiquing Zola’s works
    (both positive and negative). Certain works have dedicated files (i.e. La Terre and Paris), where others
    do not. There is an original book published in 1888 in London, titled Regina vs Vizetelly discussing the
    censorship and legal suppression of Zola’s books in England (in File #563).
    These documents were likely collected to provide context and material for the annotations of the published
    letters.

Files: 564-580

These files consist of a variety of documents that pertain to Émile Zola’s life and work. There are four broad
categories in these files:

  1. Miscellaneous: This file (#564) consists of a variety of documents that Zola signed or participated in
    that do not fit with the other categories. Types of documents include Marius Roux’s marriage
    certificate and the birth certificate of his daughter, as well as a photocopy of a document with
    responses from various men to Georges Charpentier regarding dinner at Zola’s (dated June 21, 1893).
  2. Homes: This file (#565) consists of various documents that pertain to Zola’s houses including a
    newspaper from 1995 discussing the sale of Zola’s Medan house to the Émile-Zola Museum, as well as
    a catalogue from the sale of Alexandrine Zola’s furniture after her death in 1925.
  3. Iconography: These files (#566-577) consist of photographs and illustrations on a variety of topics
    including the Dreyfus Affair, pamphlets documenting Zola’s photography hobby, and portraits of
    Zola and his family. Although most of these are photocopies, there are some photographs tracking
    Zola’s vacations/life in England taken during the 1970s, photographs taken in 2000 following one of
    Zola's vacations in the south of France (accompanied by the original Fujifilm roll), as well as an
    original colour newspaper from 1882 (in File #573). There are also 4 negatives of photographs of Zola
    (in File #575).
  4. Inventories: These files (#578-580) consist of an inventory of books dedicated to Émile Zola between
    1897 and 1901.
    Similar to the other boxes in this sub-series, these documents were likely collected to provide context and
    material for the annotations of the published letters.

Files: 497-509

These files consist of photocopies of a variety of documents written and/or owned by Émile Zola or that
pertain to his business affairs between 1863 and 1903. There are four broad categories of documents included
in these files:

  1. Articles, Declarations, Speeches, Interviews: These files consist of photocopies of a variety of
    documents created by Zola throughout his career, including articles for journals, speeches and
    declarations he wrote and/or made, as well as copies of interviews with various people.
  2. Contracts and Financial Documents: This file consists of various legal documents belonging to Zola,
    including contracts for his works and financial documents
  3. Dedications, Introductions, Prefaces: These files consist of photocopies of works written by Zola for
    the purpose of dedications, introductions or prefaces to others’ works.
  4. Handwritten Manuscripts: These files consist of photocopies of notes on his various works as well as
    notes that Zola wrote about various hobbies, including photography. There are four original pieces in these files: the first is an original article handwritten by Saint-Georges de
    Bouhélier titled Une entrevue avec Émile Zola (dated 1894, found in File #497) and three newspapers from
    L’Aurore, (all dated 1900, found in File #498).

Files: 448-472

These files consist of photocopies of letters written by and amongst Zola’s contemporaries with the surnames
M through to Alexandrine Zola’s letters to Doctor Larat. The files within have been arranged alphabetically by
author, with recurring correspondents possessing their own distinct files. Letters sent by Alexandrine Zola to
various correspondents dominate these files, with particular emphasis on letters to the Laborde family (Amélie,
Albert and Elina). The dates range from 1871 to 1922. File #460 contains nine original cartes de visites from
Alexandrine Zola to various correspondents, dated from 1903.

Files: 473-482

These files consist of photocopies of letters written by and amongst Zola’s family and friends, starting with
letters written by Alexandrine to Eugène Fasquelle through to Zola’s mother Émilie Zola and finishing with
letters written to and from Zola’s wife, mistress and children between 1903 and 1905. File #474 contains
letters sent to Alexandrine Zola by Eugène Fasquelle. The dates of letters in these files range from 1841 to

  1. The letters sent to and from Zola’s family are arranged chronologically.

Files: 483-496

These files consist of photocopies of letters written amongst Zola’s immediate family: Alexandrine Zola,
Jeanne Rozerot, Denise Émile-Zola (previously Rozerot), Jacques Émile-Zola (previously Rozerot) and
eventually Denise’s husband Maurice Le Blond and Jacques’ wife Marguerite Émile-Zola. The files within are
arranged chronologically, starting in 1906 and continuing through to 1924, including undated letters. There is
no clear indication as to why these letters have been compiled and preserved, as they could not have provided
context for the annotations in the published volumes (as they were all written after Zola’s death); however, it is
possible that these letters were collected to document the lives of Zola’s children, who would eventually have a
great impact on the development of the project because the children of Denise and Jacques provided the
primary and foremost source of letters.

Files: 413-417

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letter, postcards, cartes de visites telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings of undated items from the 1991 accession of Dreyfus Affair
records. The last file in this box (File #417) also contains miscellaneous items from the Dreyfus Affair subseries.

Files: 418-447

These files consist of photocopies of letters written by and amongst Zola’s contemporaries with the surnames
A through L. Although most of the files are indistinct groupings of letters (for example, letters with authors that start with “A”), recurring correspondents possess their own distinct file (for example, File #424 is
dedicated to Alfred Bruneau). The dates of letters in these files range from 1864 to 1936. These files include
three original letters: one letter written by Paul Alexis to Léon Hennique (dated 19 September 1887, in File

420), one letter by Jules Claretie (undated, in File #432), one letter by Maurice Le Blond (1903, in File #445).

Files: 406-412

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letter, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings sent to Émile Zola in April of 1898 through to December of 1899.
The period largely consists of Zola’s exile to England and his subsequent return to France in 1899. These files
were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and August of 1991.

Files: 401-405

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letter, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings sent to Émile Zola between February 8 and March 31, 1898. This
period spans the trial of Zola as well as the interim period after his conviction, but before his exile. These files
were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and August of 1991.

Files: 388-390

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between March and June of 1898. The contents of these files are primarily concerned with
the outcome of the trial of Zola as well as the beginning discussion of Zola’s exile, with correspondents
expressing support or criticism for Zola’s involvement in the Affair

Files: 395-400

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites, telegrams and
some photocopies of newspaper clippings spanning the early months of Émile Zola’s participation in the
Dreyfus Affair (beginning in January 1897 through to February 7, 1898), including the period in which J’Accuse
was published. These files were obtained from a distinct accession of Dreyfus Affair material from July and
August of 1991.

Files: 368-372

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between November of 1897 and January 16, 1898. The letters in these files all pertain to
the Dreyfus Affair, with the early files focusing on the lead-up to Zola’s direct involvement in the Affair. The
later files mostly focus on Zola’s public letter to the President of the Republic, J’Accuse, printed in the
newspaper L’Aurore on January 13, 1898. Some of the letters refer to the Dreyfus Affair through general
discussion of events; however, most demonstrate a clear support or criticism of Zola’s involvement.

Files: 384-387

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between February 19 and 28, 1898. The contents of these files are primarily concerned with
the trial of Émile Zola, with correspondents expressing support or criticism for Zola’s involvement in the
Affair and the conviction outcome of the trial.

Files: 391-394

These files consist of photocopies of handwritten and typed letters, postcards, cartes de visites and telegrams
sent to Émile Zola between July of 1898 and September of 1902. The contents of these files are primarily
concerned with providing support to Zola while he is in exile as well as celebrating the reopening of the case in
June 1899 and Zola’s subsequent return to France.

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