CA OTUTF MS COLL 00438
Claude Stewart Collection of Kathleen Crowe/Angelica Balabanoff Papers
- 1940-1963 (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
1 box (13 cm)
Name of creator
Angelica Balabanoff, born at Chernigov, in Ukraine, Russian Empire, 14 August, 1877, was a Jewish-Italian Communist politician. She was a close friend of Benito Mussolini from 1904-1914, and attempted to complete his political education by lending him books, helping him earn money by translating a German Socialist tract into Italian and introducing him to other Italian socialists. She also associated with many of the Russian Socialist exiles in Switzerland, such as Vladimir Lenin, Julius Martov and Leon Trotsky. She died in Rome on November 25, 1965.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Gift of Claude Stewart, 2003.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Collection consists of Angelica Balabanoff's personal correspondence to Kathleen Crowe.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Material may be requested in person at the Fisher Library Reference Desk, or in advance using our online stack retrieval request form: https://fisher.library.utoronto.ca/stack-retrieval-request
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material