- 1901 - 1999 (Creation)
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Canadian Political Scientist and academic Frank Peers was born on January 18, 1918 in Alsask, Saskatchewan. Peers received a Bachelor of Arts in 1936 and a Bachelor of Education in 1943 from Mount Royal College at the University of Alberta, and a Masters of Arts in 1948 and a Doctorate degree in 1966 from the University of Toronto. Throughout the early stage of his career, Peers held a variety of academic posts including Assistant Director of Extension at the University of Alberta (1943-47), and Assistant Director of the Banff School of Fine Arts (1945-47). In 1948 Peers became the Supervisor of CBC’s Public Affairs, a position which he held until 1960. In 1966 Peers joined the faculty of the University of Toronto’s Political Science department where he remained until his retirement in 1983. As an academic, Peers published numerous books and articles including The Politics of Canadian Broadcasting 1920-1951, and “The Public Eye: Television and the Politics of Canadian Broadcasting 1952 – 68”. Peers also served as Editor of the Canadian Journal of Political Science, and was a member of the Canadian Political Science Association and the Canadian Historical Association.
Peers is perhaps best known for his contributions to the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting (FCB), which was founded in February 1985 as a vehicle to publicly protest against budget cuts imposed on the CBC in 1984. The FCB continues to function as a public interest group, advocating for adequate funds for the CBC, monitoring Canadian broadcasters, making representations to the CRTC, and appearing before parliamentary committees and public inquiries. The FCB has established associations with a variety of organizations including: The CBC, the CRTC, various private broadcasters, the Canadian Conference of the Arts, and labour unions representing broadcast employees. Peers was a long standing member of the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting Advisory Committee and the fonds contains a large portion of records related to the group.
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This fonds was acquired in six separate accessions in 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002.
The 1994 Accession is comprised of 5.7 m of records divided into 9 series according to subject matter reflecting the divisions that Peers maintained over his records.
These are: ‘Development of Canadian Broadcasting’, ‘CBC Pamphlets’, ‘CBC Research Monographs’, ‘Clipping files’, ‘Correspondence’, ‘CBC Publications’ ‘CRTC Papers and Documents’, ‘Applebaum-Hebert Committee, Caplan-Sauvageau Task Force’, and ‘Communications Studies, Conference Papers’.
The first series, ‘Development of Canadian Broadcasting’, includes textual records related to the development of the CBC. The series includes reports, briefs, CBC management memos, and commission submissions generated between 1922 - 1962.
The second series, ‘CBC Pamphlets’, includes published CBC pamphlets generated between 1936 – 1960 and acquired and arranged by Peers.
The third series, ‘CBC Research Monographs’, includes research monographs and other CBC publications generated between 1962 - 1964.
The fourth series, ‘Clipping files’, includes collected clippings from newspapers, pamphlets, academic papers, and correspondence generated between 1955 - 1988.
The fifth series ‘Correspondence’ includes correspondence generated between 1947 – 1989 and generally relating to broadcasting in Canada and divided into folders based on subject and recipient.
The sixth series ‘CBC Publications’ includes CBC annual reports, and other CBC publications created between 1933 - 1993.
The seventh series ‘CRTC Papers and Documents’, includes academic papers, submissions to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Communications and Culture, and other textual records related to the CRTC created between 1981 – 1990.
The eighth series ‘Applebaum-Hebert Committee, Caplan-Sauvageau Task Force’ includes correspondence, academic papers, and task force and committee submissions related to the Applebaum-Hebert Committee (1980 – 1982), and the Caplan-Sauvageau Task Force (1985 – 1986).
The ninth series ‘Communications Studies, Conference Papers’ includes a collection of academic papers related to communications studies created by various authors between 1974 - 1993.
The 1995 Accession MS 95.035 is comprised of 2.7 m of textual records divided into 6 series according to subject matter reflecting the divisions that Peers maintained over his records. These are: ‘Correspondence and Research Notes’, ‘Pay-TV’, ‘Secretary of State, Department of Communications, Canadian Heritage, Parliamentary Committees’, ‘Statements and Memoranda, CRTC and CBC’, ‘Clippings’, and ‘Articles and Papers’.
The first series, ‘Correspondence and Research Notes’ includes general correspondence created between 1967 – 1993, and research notes andsubmissions by Peers created between 1966 – 1993.
The second series, ‘Pay TV’ includes a collection of textual records related to the introduction of Pay-TV to Canada created between 1976 – 1983.
The third series, ‘Secretary of State, Department of Communications, Canadian Heritage, Parliamentary Committees’ includes textual records created between 1970 - 1994 related to various Canadian federal government bodies and committees.
The fourth series, ‘Statements and Memoranda, CRTC and CBC’ includes CRTC statements, speeches, releases, and notices; and CBC memoranda, policy statements and speeches, and correspondence. The documents in this series were created between 1980 – 1994.
The fifth series, ‘Clippings’ includes clippings, articles and papers created between 1988 – 1993 and related generally to broadcasting.
The sixth series, ‘Articles and Papers’ includes articles, government reports, and academic papers related to Canadian Broadcasting and created between 1980 – 1994.
The 1996 Accession MS 96.022 is comprised of 1.7 m of textual records related to The Friends of Canadian Broadcasting. The accession contains documents dealing primarily with the Friends of Canadian Broadcasting including documents related to the history of the organization from 1985 - 1996. Includes correspondence, Steering Committee memos and documents, and studies regarding Canadian broadcasting.
The 1998 Accession is comprised of 0.6 m of textual records related to The Friends of Canadian Broadcasting and created between July 1995 and December 1996. Includes correspondence with government and broadcasting officials, Friends of Canadian Broadcasting Steering Committee memos and documents, studies regarding Canadian broadcasting, and other related documents.
The 2000 Accession MS 00.022 is comprised of 1.2 m of textual records related to The Friends of Canadian Broadcasting and created between 1997 and 1999. This accession updates the 1998 Accession’s collection of Friend’s of Canadian Broadcasting related documentation.
The 2002 Accession MS 02.023 includes 0.8 m of textual records related to The Friends of Canadian Broadcasting and created between 2000 – 2001. This accession updates the 1998 and 2000 Accessions’ collections of Friend’s of Canadian Broadcasting related documentation.
This fonds includes textual material relating to the following publications:
The Politics of Canadian Broadcasting, 1920-51 (book, 1969)
The Public Eye: Television and the Politics of Canadian Broadcasting, 1952-68 (book, 1979)
Cultures in Collision (book, 1984)
This fonds includes textual material relating to the following organizations:
The Friends of Canadian Broadcasting (FCB)
The Friends of Public Broadcasting (FPB)
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC)
Canadian Association of Broadcasters (CAB)
RadioCanada International (RCI)
Alliance Francophone pour la Radio-télévision Publique
Canadian Association for Adult Education
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