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Cooperative Studio for Electronic Music
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Gordon Mumma and Robert Ashley co-founded and directed the Cooperative Studio for Electronic Music in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The studio, which consisted of equipment in each of their homes and the Space Theatre, a loft converted into a multimedia performance space. The studio was largely created for the performance of electronic music by Milton Cohen and for electronic music soundtracks for films by George Manupelli. The studio closed in 1967 when Mumma and Ashley moved away from Ann Arbor. During its operation, Mumma and Ashley completed more than 75 tape compositions.
Ann Arbor, Michigan
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Created March 26, 2020.
James, Richard S., and David Revill. "Mumma, Gordon." Grove Music Online. 2001.
Gordon Mumma, "An Electronic Music Studio for the Independent Composer," Journal of the Audio Engineering Society 12, no. 3 (July 1964): 240-244.
Holmes, Thom. Electronic and Experimental Music. Routledge, 2002.