- 1854-2015 [predominant 1980-2010] (Creation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
6.48 m of textual records (50 boxes)
0.5 m of photographic material (2 boxes)
3,700 digital files (681 MB)
Name of creator
Dr. Ian MacDougall Hacking (b. Vancouver, 18 February 1936) is a Canadian analytic philosopher whose work draws from multiple disciplines, including the history of science, statistics, physics, and psychology. Recognized as an influential contemporary thinker, Dr. Hacking is noted for his examination of the relationships between the physical and social sciences.
Raised in Vancouver, British Columbia, Dr. Hacking received his B.A. in Physics and Mathematics (1956) from the University of British Columbia. He later became a student at the University of Cambridge’s Trinity College, studying moral sciences. Here, he received a BA (1958), followed by an M.A. and PhD (1962). Between the 1960’s and early 1980’s, Dr. Hacking held academic teaching positions at universities internationally. These included his alma maters, the University of British Columbia (1964-1967) and the University of Cambridge (1969-1974), as well Princeton University (1961-1962), Makerere University College in Uganda (1967-1969), Stanford University (1975-1982), and Germany’s Bielefeld University (1982-1983).
In 1982, Dr. Hacking accepted a position at the University of Toronto Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology and, in 1991, was awarded the title of University Professor. Following his tenure at the University of Toronto, Dr. Hacking was appointed Chaire de philosophie et histoire des concepts scientifiques at the Collège de France. His term from 2000 to 2006 marked the first time an Anglophone philosopher was awarded the prestigious position. Subsequently, Prof. Hacking taught at the University of Chicago (2007), the University of California, Santa Cruz (2008-2010), and the University of Cape Town (2011) as a visiting professor. He continues his work as University Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto and Professeur honoraire at the Collège de France.
Dr. Hacking has published fourteen books to date in addition to numerous reviews, articles, and editorials. The books authored by Dr. Hacking comprise both his academic writing as well more popular texts directed to general audiences. His early seminal text, The Emergence of Probability (1975), explores the influence of a 17th century concept of probability in contemporary thought. Logic, statistical theory, and the history of mathematics are also the central topics of Dr. Hacking’s Logic of Statistical Interference (1965), Taming of Chance (1990), An Introduction to Probability and Inductive Logic (2001), and Why is There Philosophy of Mathematics at All ? (2014).
Dr. Hacking’s later texts, Rewriting the soul: Multiple personality and the sciences of memory (1995) and Mad travelers: Reflections on the reality of transient mental illnesses (1998), discuss psychiatric illness and the behavioral and social effects of diagnosis. These texts also reflect Dr. Hacking’s continued interest in ‘human kinds’ and the relationship between individuals and social categories.
In response to the philosophical debates surrounding the objectivity of scientific inquiry and theory, often referred to as ‘the science wars’, Dr. Hacking published The Social Construction of What? (1999). A collection of Dr. Hacking’s writing was published in the volume Historical Ontology (2002) taking essays authored throughout Dr. Hacking’s career to discuss the philosophical uses of history.
Dr. Hacking has been recognized for his work with numerous awards, fellowships, and honours. In 1991, Dr. Hacking was selected to present the Tarner Lectures at Trinity College, Cambridge University and is a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences among other institutions. He is the recipient of the Canadian Council of the Art’s Molson Prize (2000), the inaugural Killam Prize for the Humanities (2002) and the Holberg International Memorial Prize (2009). Dr. Hacking was named a Companion to the Order of Canada in 2004.
Dr. Ian Hacking has three children, Daniel Hacking, Rachel Hacking, and Jane F. Hacking. Following two previous marriages, Dr. Hacking married Judith Baker (nee Polsky, 1938-2014) in 1983. Prof. Baker was a professor of philosophy at York University, Toronto.
Material in the Ian Hacking fonds was transferred to the University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services directly from Dr. Hacking in September, 2016.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Fonds consists of records documenting the professional and personal life of analytic philosopher and professor, Dr. Ian Hacking. Records primarily focus on the academic and publishing activity of Dr. Hacking from the early 1980’s to 2010. The material reflects the broad and diverse interests of Dr. Hacking in his work, as well as his exchange with scholars in diverse fields. Records include correspondence, manuscripts and drafts of written works, reprints, lecture notes, and extensive subject files. Additionally, correspondence, press clippings, and photographs chronicle Dr. Hacking’s professional and academic achievements.
Fonds also documents aspects of Dr. Hacking’s personal and family life. These include diaries and notebooks of Dr. Hacking, birth and marriage certificates, drawings by his children, family snapshots, as well as correspondence, photographs and copies of records from the Hacking and MacDougall families.
See series and sub-series descriptions for additional information.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
System of arrangement
Records in Series 1 through 6 were given an imposed order as no consistent original order could be identified. Series 7 is arranged loosely by subject matter to preserve components of the original organization in which the material was received. There is no Box 28 included in the fonds.
Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
All files are open, with the exception of the following:
- Series 1: B2016-0017/001(05) and B2016-0017/001(09)
- Series 2: B2016-0017/002(07)
- Series 4: B2016-0017/003(05) and B2016-0017/003(06)
- Sub-series 5.3: B2016-0017/007(06)
- Series 7:
These files have been restricted to protect the privacy of third parties. Please contact the University Archivist for permission to access these records.
Consultation of records in Series 8: Born-digital materials is by appointment only. Please email the Digital Records Archivists to arrange to view access copies of the files on the computer terminal in the reading room.
Conditions governing reproduction
Language of material